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tv   BBC News  BBC News  February 13, 2018 4:00am-4:31am GMT

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a very warm welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to our viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: the governing anc tells south african president jacob zuma "you are being removed as head of state." north korea's leader speaks of a "warm climate of reconciliation" with the south after a delegation returns from the winter olympics. a special report on the people — including thousands of children — fleeing the violence in the democratic republic of congo. and dodging the dogs in india: fear on the streets where thousands die every yearfrom rabies bites. hello. reports in south africa say that south africa's ruling anc party has formally requested president jacob zuma to step down. it follows marathon talks by senior party officials that continued into the early hours of this morning. if the 75—year—old does not go, he
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will face a vote of confidence in parliament that he is expected to lose. jon ironmonger reports. cyril ramaphosa left a 13 hour meeting of the party's executive committee under the weight of a momentous decision: to remove jacob zuma is the head of state. earlier on monday night, the anc leader visited the president in person, telling him to step down within the next two days. but under that —— at an unconfirmed report suggests that presidentjacob an unconfirmed report suggests that president jacob zuma asked an unconfirmed report suggests that presidentjacob zuma asked for another three months. since cyril ramaphosa was elected party leader in december, jacob zuma has resisted intense pressure to resign. his second term has been something scandal, and the rift within the party has threatened the stability of south africa's oldest liberation movement. on sunday, cyril ramaphosa
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told supporters in cape town he was seeking a new beginning, and pledged to tackle the corruption that had marred jacob zuma's nine years in office. allegation surrendered jacob zuma's links to the wealthy gupta family have caused his popularity to plummet in recent years. that he continues to demand support in rural areas, and cyril ramaphosa has said publicly that he wanted to avoid recalling the president, a move that could damage his chances in next year's election. yet still if jacob zuma refuses to quit and there was a no—confidence vote, even more than a mile could be around the corner. jon ironmonger, bbc news. in a dramatic change of tone, the north korean leader has described south korea as "very impressive" and declared he wants to build on the atmosphere of reconciliation, surrounding the winter olympics. state media say kimjong—un has been briefed by a delegation of senior officials, including his sister,
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who've just returned to pyongyang, from the south. i asked our correspondent in seoul, stephen mcdonell, what's going on. it is not every day you get the north korean leader praising the south. normally he is talking about the puppets of us imperialists and that sort of thing. and yet it seems the rapid thaw between the two countries is increasing due to the winter olympics. he said that their handling of delegations and officials was impressive, and he called for ties to become warmer. this was all to be in a state report, which said he'd heard back from the delegation that had returned from pyongyang,
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and liked what he heard. depending on who you talk to, this is either a major geopolitical shift, or a meaningless charm offensive. how do you read it? i think whether you like it or not, it is still a big shift. i mean, people have criticised this and said that the north should not be rewarded at the moment — it still has massive human rights abuses, still has nuclear weapons, and so why reward it with engagement? but the flipside is that is you do not make peace with your friends, do you? you make it with your enemies. they need to be some sort of dialogue to prevent a global nuclear catastrophe. and so those that are in favour of increasing talks in communication between the north and south would be very heartened by that. these are remarkable events. a few months ago, we did not think that the north koreans would even come to the olympics. there was speculation they could be firing off missiles to upstage
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the games, and yet we are seeing this unprecedented communication between the two countries — certainly in recent years. just very, very briefly, stephen, if you can, what is the next likely move, particularly from the us? the us, it is confusing what we are getting out of the trump administration. we had the vice president reportedly saying that they are up for talks with north korea without conditions. and then the secretary of state, rex tillerson, has said no, no, the north koreans need to do certain things before we have talks. i'm not sure if that is because there is a misunderstanding between the two or they do not agree with one another, or it is a semantic decision, or if it is the same thing. so we are yet to find out what the trump administration really let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. president trump's daughter in law vanessa, wife of his son donald junior, has been taken to hospital after she opened a letter containing white powder.
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the letter, addressed to her husband, was sent to their apartment in new york. she and two others were decontaminated by firefighters as a precaution. it's since been established that the powder was not hazardous. president trump has promised the biggest infrastructure investment in american history. he claims his new budget will create thousands ofjobs, building roads, ports and airports. he's proposing a one and a half trillion dollar investment — most of it through privatisation, just two hundred billion from public funds. his budget also cuts billions from transportation funding and federal water and energy investment. london city airport is expected to re—open on tuesday morning, after a royal navy bomb disposal team detonates a second world war bomb found at the site. flights have been cancelled or re—routed during the day. hundreds of residents were moved to safety but were allowed to return once the unexploded bomb was floated out from king george v dock. oxfam is under more pressure with the revelation that some of its staff in haiti and chad
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sexually exploited people they were sent to help. the charities regulator has opened an inquiry, describing the news, in a statement, as shocking. the british government has given oxfam until the end of the week to explain how it will make sure such abuses never happen again. a girl, a street corner, a parked car. in the poorest country in the americas, buying sex is easy. it is a common scene on any night in haiti, girls — some of them teenagers — risking their lives for a few dollar bills. ordinarily, internationalaid
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agencies are supposed to be tackling the problem. oxfam, however, is now embroiled in it. we spoke to former employees in haiti. most are too scared to show their faces on camera, fearful of retribution for speaking out. but they all confirmed the stories about oxfam in 2011, in particular its disgraced country director roland van hauwermeiren. translation: some expats come to haiti to work. others come to party and look for deals every night. the drivers had no choice. it was theirjob and they had to do it. another former of security guard claimed that young and underaged girls were among the victims. "i can tell you for sure there were sex parties
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at the house," he tells me, "young people would come to the office looking to the director, and i'm sure those people are not there for work." for its part, the haitian government confirmed that it is ready to open a full investigation. it may be what happened at oxfam is just the tip of the iceberg, they said. other organisations agree that the problem go beyond oxfam alone. the international organisations see money, a lot of money, but the result? i am not seeing zero, zero. but you cannot see the result. oxfam is facing perhaps the biggest result of its history. its international reputation is in serious jeopardy. if it will take time for it to rebuild its name in the united kingdom, in haiti, it may never fully recover. will grant, bbc news, port—au—prince. a surge of violence in the democratic republic of congo has forced thousands to flee to neighbouring uganda. in the past week, ethnic clashes in the east have intensified, stoking fears of a return to the massacres of nearly 20 years ago, when tens of
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thousands were killed. the bbc‘s anne soy met some of those trying to escape. her report does contain disturbing images. this shore has become a safe haven. thousands of congolese arrive here daily. they are forced to run from ethnic violence. more than half of those fleeing are children. it is a perilous journey from the congolese border to the ugandan side. some of these people are using vessels that are not safe, and the lake is rough. we have reports of vessels like this capsizing. but desperate refugees have made a choice. they either risk being attacked and killed at home, or dying in the water. this canoe was very close to the shore when it was overpowered
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by strong winds, drowing four occupants. the body of this three—year—old was later washed up on shore. three of his relatives are still missing — only his father survived the accident. translation: i was travelling with my brother, my son, and two other people. i swam to the shore after heavy winds overturned our canoe. the pain of losing an only child. this mother came on a different boat. she was waiting to receive her child alive. this 47—year—old said his family hid in the bushes when their village was attacked. when they came out, he found four of his children had been butchered. he then decided to rescue the remaining eight. translation: we could not bury them. the enemy does not like us burying our dead. they chop them up. you can't even recognise them.
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iam sad. my heart is troubled. i don't know what we did to wrong them. many harrowing stories from survivors, here. jacques tells me that 16 members of his extended family were killed. the death toll from the clashes across the border is still unknown. this is the largest refugee flight from the drc since another ethnic massacre barely 20 years ago. more than 60,000 people were killed then. conflict has kept these people poor and the current flareup has driven them deeper into destitution. aid organisations are struggling to deal with the influx. what are the tags for? it's to ensure that we have accurate numbers about how many people have come through.
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we move them so quickly, so do want to lose them, and this way we do not want people joining on. right. from the reports we have heard, there were many more congolese on the other side of the border. so it is expected that more will arrive in the coming days in large numbers. here, they hope for a new beginning. to some, like this mother of three, this is their new home. her country of birth robbed her of her husband. she has vowed never to go back. anne soy, bbc news. much more to come for you on bbc news, including... taking a trip back to the sixties: the new exhibition celebrating a decade of pop art, political change, and groovy design. there's mr mandela. mr nelson mandela, a free man, taking his first steps into a new south africa.
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iran's spiritual leader, ayatollah khomeini, has said he's passed a death sentence on salman rushdie, the british author of a book which many muslims say is blasphemous. the people of haiti have flocked to church to give thanks for the ousting of their former president, 'baby doc' duvalier. because of his considerable value as a stallion, shergar was kept in a special secure box in the stud farm's central block. shergar was driven away in a horse box the thieves had brought with them. there stepped down from the plane a figure in mourning. elizabeth ii, queen of this realm and of all her other realms and territories. head of the commonwealth, defender of the faith. very glad to have you with us on bbc news.
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the latest headlines: south africa's ruling party, the anc, has told president jacob zuma you are being removed as head of state. to maria's leader is speaking off a warm climate of reconciliation, calling south korea very impressive at his delegation of senior officials returned upon the winter olympics. —— north korea's leader. the uk government is unveiling a new tool it says can accurately detectjihadi content online and remove it instantly. the home secretary amber rudd is in silicon valley to meet with tech companies to discuss the idea, and other efforts to tackle extremism. dave lee reports from san francisco. created by an artificial intelligence company based in london, and funded with more than half £1 million of government money, it draws upon a vast database of material posted online on so—called islamic state. we have two videos,
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one of which is legitimate news content, the other is propaganda. to my naked eye, i actually cannot tell the difference between the two. fortu nately the difference between the two. fortunately down at the bottom, this says very low probability of being a terrorist content, but this one is very much higher. what that means is if you were to be in charge of some kind of video upload programme, you could use this whenever someone clicks to upload a video and flagged this video for review and that this one through without any problems. using this technique, the software creators believe they can spot up to 94% of islamic state content posted online with an accuracy of 99.95%. anything the software is unsure about his fight you. have a demonstration of it, i know a lot of other people as well. it is a very good example of the fact that you can have the information you need to
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make sure this information is not go online in the first place not quite the home secretary says this is a very important tool to help small companies, the ones that may not have the resources to tackle extremism properly. but if they do not want the government's help, they may soon be forced to take it. we do not want to rule out taking legislative action, but i remain convinced that the best way to have the best outcomes is to have an industry with lead forum like the one that we have. —— industry led former. advocates of an open internet often push back against this type of software because it can often cause content being blocked when it shouldn't be. yet, an estimated 400 web services were used to block propaganda in 2017, and so it is less about locking jihadis today and more about predicting where they might be on the internet tomorrow. —— locking. —— blocking.
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a third of all rabies deaths worldwide are in india — that's around 20,000 a year, according to estimates from the world health organization. if untreated, a bite from a rabid dog is almost always fatal. so why isn't india doing more to tackle the problem? here's our south asia correspondent, justin rowlatt. it is 8:00pm at night and this is the main shopping street in leh. leh is the capital of a himalayan region in the north of india. now, normally, you would expect a street like this to be fairly busy. now, it is winter, but there's another reason why this place is so quiet and that is that lots of people here in leh are simply too frightened to come out, and that is because leh has a really serious problem with stray dogs. at least 180 people were bitten by dogs last year. one man was mauled to death. now, i want to get an idea of the scale of the problem. so we're out here looking to see how many dogs we can find. and just to be on the safe side... i've brought a stick. so there's obviously some dogs down here.
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barking there are estimated to be 30 million stray dogs in india. huge numbers of people are bitten. one estimate is that as many as 15 million people could be bitten each year, and an indicator of just how serious that is are the world health organization's statistics on rabies — 20,000 people a year die of rabies here in india. that is a third of the world total. here, here! there's a ton up here. everywhere you go in the city, you hear this — you just hear dogs barking. they're all over the place. barking. now, this is a problem across india and it's really, really difficult to solve.
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one of the reasons why is because there is a law against killing feral dogs. now, there have been attempts at vaccinating them and sterilising them, but it simply hasn't been working. and until a solution can be found, the streets of indian cities will continue to be very dangerous. the latest from pyeongchang on day four of the winter olympics, and some of the big moments so far. first up, the women's snowboarding halfpipe final just finished — chloe kim, the 17—year—old american, has taken the gold. the tournament favourite dominated the qualifying rounds and finished with a near perfect run. and in the mixed curling, the battle for bronze. the olympic athletes from russia have swept to victory ahead of norway, winning 8—4. canada and switzerland will be competing for gold later. after a very windy women's
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slopestyle snowboarding session, nearly every rider fell at some point, american jamie anderson nearly every rider fell at some point, americanjamie anderson held her nerve to take gold. canada and one that is the man's moguls, canada dominates the event, having won gold at the olympics in a row. a 23 world claimed the gold with only a 120 metre leap, the finaljump of the day. and in speedskating, the most successful dutch olympian of all time one of the women's 500 metre title. it makes her the most successful olympic speedskating. just look now at the olympic medal table as it stands. from andy warhol's pop art to the civil rights and anti—war movements, the 19605 was a decade of social and political change. now the philadelphia art museum is bringing together photographs,
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paintings, architecture, and fashion to highlight the creativity and spirit of an extraordinary time in american culture. jane o'brien went to have a look. revolution, war, social upheaval and assassinations marked the 19605 — but on the front lines of culture, everything was groovy, baby. designers and artists experimented with new forms, new materials, and a new more mobile age. consumer culture in the 19605 was really a driving force of innovation and experimentation. the new use of materials like plastic allowed for furniture and design objects to be ma55—produced or miniaturised, and this goes along with the rise of the jet age, so people are flying all over the world, and that's part of consumer culture. i know small was supposed to be beautiful in the 605, but this tv isn't really
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practical, is it? yeah, that's a great question. the screen is curved so the image might be a bit distorted, but it's bright and colourful and fun and it's portable — you can take it anywhere with that chain on top. and what about the furniture? because that looks very uncomfortable. yeah, it looks uncomfortable, i see that, but the curves of the sofa give you something to lean into and there is some cushioning to give you some support. i suppose all that's missing is the lava lamp. yeah, designed in 1963, it would fit perfectly. this was the jet age and also the space age. designers responded with equal boldne55, unapologetic colour and an exuberance that matched the soaring ambitions of the age. these are two textiles that were created in anticipation and to commemorate the lunar landing in 1969, in the summer of 1969. they're quite trippy, aren't they? they're fabulous, but what would you do with them, because as you say
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they are textiles? eddie squires, the one on the top, would make an interesting bedspread. you do? yeah. not a dress? no, i don't think i would be walking around with rocket5 on my clothes or astronauts. even in the 605? even in the 605. but there was a dark side to the pop. president kennedy died at 1pm central standard time. andy warhol appropriated the singular grief ofjackie kennedy for mass consumption, as americans looked for a way to publicly express their feelings. that collective emotion was further enhanced by television, the way most people experienced the funeral of martin luther king a few years later. at a time when rigid norms were breaking down, arti5t5 played openly with people's perceptions. the result, as this exhibition demonstrates, was far out. some more up to date art.
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the official portraits of barack and michelle obama have been unveiled at the national portrait gallery washington. mr obama called his likene55 — the former president in front of a leafy backdrop — pretty sharp. about her5, mrs obama just said "wow". among those in attendance, former vice pre5identjoe biden, hollywood luminaries stephen spielberg and tom hanks. mr obama joked that his yearbook picture was the closest he had come to receiving such an honour up to now. some developing new5 from south africa — the ruling african national congress has decided to remove president jacob zuma as head of state. earlier, after a 13 hour meeting of the party's top leadership — they'd given him 48 hours to resign. that is it canal, you for watching. —— for now.
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hello. tuesday's weather is a wet, windy, and for some of us, rather wintry tale. the culprit — an area of low pressure swinging in from the atlantic that will bring some di5ruptive snow to the northern half of the uk. some wet and windy conditions further south. so here it is — this weather front pushing in from the west. a low—pre55ure centre to the north. the low itself will keep the winds up right the way across the british isles. the worst of the snow will be through the morning in time for the rush hour, sadly, across scotland with 5—10 centimetres po55ible across the highlands. but a good few centimetres po55ible through the central belt, making for a dangerous rush hour. for northern ireland, perhaps the worst of the snow pulling away by 8am, but not i think before we've had some significant accumulations. snow for the pennine5 and the higher ground of wales too. but even to lower levels for a while, even possible across the midlands. then further south, we've got some heavy rain and some strong winds. so for the morning, a very me55y picture. keep up to date with the travel on your bbc local radio station. this is the way the day then pans out.
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this whole weather front will push its way eastwards, clearer skies will follow on from the west, but some wintry showers for scotland and northern ireland. so you can see scotland clears considerably as the day goes by. but that threat of something a little bit wintry across the midlands through the mid afternoon is mostly rain by the time that front gets into eastern england in the second part of the day. still a chilly story wherever you are, even with some 5un5hine. highs ofjust 4 or 5 degrees. this weather front away to the east through tuesday evening, overnight into wednesday, clear skies again after that falling snow and all the moisture lying around, a widespread frost developing. ice a big risk for first thing on wednesday. you can see, we're talking about quite a widespread frost for first thing wednesday, and quite a hard frost as well. towards the west, though, notice the blue ea5ing somewhat by the end of the night. that's because we'll see a weather front approaching, trying to bring in some cloud, which will lift the temperatures, but of course, it's bumping into all that cold air, so again, 5now a potential problem for scotland, i think, parts of northern
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england and wales. behind the weather front, some milder air coming in, so turning back to rain acro55 northern ireland and wales as the day goes on. temperatures in double figures for cardiff and plymouth through the afternoon. that weather system, again, well, that moves through pretty quickly off into the continent for the small hours of thursday. then we're still left with a low—pressure centre driving our weather for the remainder of the week. it will keep some showers pushing into scotland and northern ireland, and some of them could be wintry for a time. but generally, things look a little milder by the end of the week. this is bbc news. the headlines: south africa's ruling party, the african national congress, has decided to remove president jacob zuma as head of state. long beset by allegations of corruption, he has faced mounting calls to end his second term. the party has the authority to order him to step down, though he might yet refuse. the north korean leader has described south korea as "very impressive" and declared he wants to build on the atmosphere of reconciliation, surrounding
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the winter olympics. kimjong—un has been briefed by a delegation of senior officials, including his sister, who've just returned to pyongyang, from the south. the international charity, oxfam, is under more pressure, with the revelation that some of its staff in haiti and chad sexually exploited people they were sent to help. the british government has given them until the end of the week to explain how it will make sure 5uch abuses never happen again. now on bbc news, hardtalk.
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