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tv   Beyond 100 Days  BBC News  February 15, 2018 7:00pm-8:00pm GMT

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you're watching beyond 100 days. it's happened again. the 18th school shooting this year in america kills 17 people. why can't the us fix this? the accused gunman is now in custody. he'd been a student at the florida high school. he went up and down the hallway, hanging and shooting into the classrooms. he shot through my door. president trump addresses the nation, promising to tackle the difficult issue of mental health, but makes no mention of gun control. it is not enough to simply take actions that make us feel like we are making a difference. we must actually make that difference. all change in south africa — cyril ramaphosa says one of his priorities as the country's new president will be to fight corruption. also on the programme: the city of compton is famous for rap music and gang wars but life is improving there. we explore how. get in touch with us using the hashtag #beyond1000ays. hello, i'm katty kay in washington.
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it's another of those days that the world looks at america and wonders, how do they tolerate this? there has been a school shooting in the us on average every 60 hours so far this year. every 60 hours. as parents across this country sent their children off to class this morning, they wondered, is my child safe? for too many families in south florida, the answer was no. but, even as politicians across the board said today that mass shootings have to stop, it seems they are only getting worse. for the latest, from florida, here's neda tawfik. running for their lives, these panicked students fled as fast as te”; 355 $21 35 5311.11??? iigéliégf .. .. .. and again for these exact scenarios.
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i have the gunshot victim. stoneman douglas high was quickly placed on lockdown. these were the terrifying sounds from inside. students huddled together, shaken, scared, and completely helpless. they leaned on each other for support as the horror unfolded in front of them. one of my friends, i haven't heard from him, says that shooting happened. police have identified the 19—year—old attacker as nikolas cruz. he arrived on campus heavily armed, with a semiautomatic rifle and several magazines of ammunition. he also carried a gas mask and smoke grenades. it is clear that this was a well—planned plot to maximise the loss of life. the shooter set off the fire alarm to draw children out of their classrooms. police warned that the shooter was still at large even as the rescue operation was under way.
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anotherjolt of terror, and then relief as students realised swat teams and not the shooter had reached them first. he went up and down the hallway hanging and shooting into the classrooms, he shot through my door and broke the window. as soon as the fire drill went to the kids got evacuated. then all of a sudden we heard one of our student government teachers say, run as fast as you can, and we heard a gunshot. 17 children and teachers killed, more than a dozen injured, being treated in local hospitals. president trump addressed the nation from the white house and said he will visit victims and local officials in parkland. he said the country needed to tackle the difficult issue of mental health but was silent on gun control. no child, no teacher should ever be in danger in an american school. no parent should ever have to fear for their sons and their daughters when they kiss them goodbye
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in the morning. this is the moment nikolas cruz was finally arrested in a nearby town. he evaded authorities for almost one hour, blending in with the swarms of students fleeing the school. he has now been charged with 17 counts of premeditated murder and is being held without bail. authorities are piecing together his possible motives. he was expelled from the school last year for disciplinary reasons, and students described him as troubled. he was on the fbi‘s radar since september. he was flagged up to the agency after he commented on a youtube video that he would be a "professional schools shooter". the fbi says they investigated the threat but could not identify the person behind it. one of the safest cities in the country, but it did not stop
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it from becoming the 18th school shooting this year. the question that seemingly everyone in the nation is now asking is whether this is the new normal. tales of heroism are emerging from the tragedy. one security guard and football coach is said to have shielded children as the gunman fired. he did not survive his injuries. the kids in the community loved him, adored him. he was one of the greatest people i knew. a phenomenal man. with each shooting, there is the inevitable debate on gun ownership in america. yet this country is more divided than ever on how to solve this problem. too many children and families. neda tawfik reporting there from florida. the government has now appeared in court in southern florida and has been held without bail. the fbi has conferred it got a tip about somebody with the same name as the
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shooter in september, and a white separatist group said he had some ties to them. —— white supremacist group. for more on the investigation now under way i am joined by ron hosko, former assistant director of the fbi. what happens when the fbi gets a tip of the nature that it received about somebody with the same name as the shooter in september? the fbi gets dozens shooter in september? the fbi gets d oze ns of shooter in september? the fbi gets dozens of tips every day. they are looking for those tips not only for the ability to track it back to a source, but also from the perspective of, is there any sort of federal crime being committed by the conduct, by the words of the text or tweet, or their communication.“ there hasn't been, they can't do much. they can't do much other than talk to local law enforcement authorities that might have a piece of jurisdiction authorities that might have a piece ofjurisdiction but, if the fbi would try and identify and run out
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on every one of these tips, the fbi would have nothing else on its plate, and it does have much on its plate, and it does have much on its plate, cyber terrorism, counterintelligence, criminal activities. we are seeing pictures of the shooter, who has appeared in court. i understand he appeared by video link. it seems, in this case, there was a youtube page in which somebody by the same name as that young man said he wanted to become a professional school shooter. would that language fall into the category of something that was actionable for the fbi? it depends. is there no set standard? they could maybe try and identify him and have a conversation, if they have the right wee sources. they might be able to hand it to local law enforcement if they can trace it back to one person. but is it actionable from a federal prosecutor perspective? no. what the fbi is looking for four
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federal prosecution is, are there any contingencies with the threat? does the person have the immediate ability to carry out? is it an immediate threat? there is a difference between this sort of threat, even though it is later proven that this person may be the same may have been serious, and e—mailing somebody or communicating with them, i am coming to your house to shoot you dead this afternoon and i live three blocks away, or across the state line, even better for the fbi. the fbi is looking for a federal nexus. federal prosecutors look closely at that, and fbi agents make determinations on how to allocate their time, based on the likelihood of federal prosecution. from what we know of this attack and the investigation so far, what more could law enforcement have done? was there anything that was missed that should have been picked up? from
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what we've heard, it sounds as though there were a number of warning signs with this gentleman, and this one communication the fbi was made aware of months ago might have been significantly enhanced by some of the postings that have been referred to in recent days and weeks. they were much more threatening and may be suggested this person had a serious problem. add to that his weapon possession of a ar-is, add to that his weapon possession of a ar—is, maybe acquisition of it. it goes back to this see something, say something idea. do enough pieces, wrote a person that start to suggest it's real. —— pieces come around a person. the problem for law enforcement is we are not perfect at predicting when words will turn to action. there have been claims by a florida —based white supremacist group that he had done some training with them. how would that play into the investigation? the fbi would
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look at that and they will be working with law enforcement on these connections. what were his inspirations? it sounds as though he suffered a serious loss, losing his mother in november. perhaps that was life changing and started to put him on this path. law enforcement will try to reconstruct the entire picture to occlude what ever he chooses to tell them and share, and try and look back and say, what were his real drivers, was a depression, psychotic episodes, family loss, school, the whole collection. thank you for coming in. so why does america have this scourge that no other country does? the lobby group for the gun industry, the national rifle association, has formidable power in this country. it donates a lot of money to politicians who oppose gun controls. in the 2016 election campaign cycle, the nra spent ssaa million on candidates who support gun rights. 98% of that money went to republicans. marco rubio, the republican senator from florida, tweeted last night, senator rubio has received
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$3.3 million from the nra over his political career. president trump was a huge recipient of nra support. the group spent $11.1; million on pro—trump ads in the 2016 election — and, just as importantly, $19.8 million on ads against hillary clinton. chris murphy is the democratic senator from connecticut. in 2012, 20 six and seven—year—olds were killed in his state at sandy hook elementary school. he gave an impassioned speech on the senate floor last night. this happens nowhere else other than the united states of america. this academic of mass slaughter —— epidemic slaughter, the scourge of school shooting after school shooting. it only happens here not
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because of coincidence, not because of bad luck, but as a consequence of oui’ of bad luck, but as a consequence of our inaction. we are responsible.” spoke to senator murphy a short time ago. president trump mentioned the issue of mental health, which certainly is a problem in the united states, but every country has people with mental health problems. it's only america that has this rate of school shootings. why? the problem has never been one of mental illness. america has no greater rate of mental illness than any other country. what's different in the united states is a celebratory culture of gun violence, that somehow green lights in these shooters' mines, the idea of mass violence, and access to weapons that doesn't exist in other places. many people in newtown don't think that
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adam la nsar wouldn't have people in newtown don't think that adam lansar wouldn't have bought into that count if he didn't have violent video games. the ease with which people can get their hands on ar-iss which people can get their hands on ar—15s contributes to it, and that is something which is exclusive to the united states. how powerful is the united states. how powerful is the national rifle association? what pressure does it put on members of congress? the nra remains powerful enough to block progress. it's an issue of political power. they have been organising for 20 to 30 is, and the modern anti—gun movement really dates from sandy hook. we will catch up dates from sandy hook. we will catch up and become stronger than them, but it's going to be a bunch of failures until we get success, and that isn't unlike any other great social change in this country. we all thought, after the awful tragedy in newtown in your state, things might change, but if they didn't change then, will it ever? this is
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about political power. i wish it we re about political power. i wish it were about people having an epiphany that they should demand that congress takes steps to protect their children and grandchildren, but it's ultimately about creating more activists across this country that will show up at town halls and flood campaign offices and work to vote out members of congress that routinely vote against the 90% of their constituents that want things like universal background checks. thank you forjoining me. there seems to be a pick—up in the number of these incidents, and it's possible that parents across this country possible that parents across this cou ntry start possible that parents across this country start demand some kind of action from lawmakers, but i covered the newtown shootings and i was there just after the children were killed. we thought that would change things in america, but that would be the catalyst for action to make sure that school shootings stop. it wasn't, and you have to wonder, if it didn't happen then, will it happen this time? all of our
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thoughts go out to those families in south florida. south africa has a new president. its parliament elected cyril ramaphosa to the leadership today, bringing to an end the reign ofjacob zuma, who resigned late wednesday. mr ramaphosa inherits a troubled economy and a divided party — but among his first items of business, he says, will be to fight corruption. our africa editor, fergal keane, sent this report from cape town. in the place they call the mother city of the republic, exaltation at what they felt was nothing less than deliverance. and, inside, the words that signalled the arrival of a new and very different order. i declare the honourable cyril ramaphosa duly elected president of the republic of south africa. he knew this moment was coming, yet seemed abashed. in his first words as president, the tone was consciously humble. when one is elected in this type
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of position, you basically become a servant of the people of south africa, and i'll seek to execute that task with humility, faithfulness and with dignity as well. that is what i will seek to do. for now, his party enemies are defeated and the country is broadly behind him. but, on the other side of table mountain from parliament, a sense of the challenge facing the new leader. here in langa township, they welcome ramaphosa but expect him to deliver houses, jobs, services. we are still living in sheds. we, our mothers and fathers lived in sheds, and we the children and obviously our grandchildren have to live in sheds also. mr ramaphosa, we vote for him, give him a chance and see if he will do things better,
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different than mr] zuma. after years when their party was tainted by corruption and losing electoral support, anc members of parliament are daring to hope. there is a great deal ofjoy here, but also expectation. cyril ramaphosa will have to move quickly to answer people's needs on the economy and, above all, corruption. fergal keane, bbc news, cape town. high expectations for cyril ramaphosa, now he has to deliver. archbishop desmond tutu has become the latest high—profile personality to end his ties with oxfam over a row about sexual misconduct by the charity's workers in chad and haiti. meanwhile, a former oxfam worker at the centre of the reports has denied paying for sex. in an open letter, roland van hauwermeiren said a reception held at his home in haiti was not,
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as alleged, a sex party. the us secretary of state, rex tillerson is warning the involvement of lebanese militant group his brother in regional wars will have a negative impact on lebanon itself. —— lebanese militant group hezbollah. mr tillerson was speaking in beirut, where he held talks with the president, speaker of parliament and the prime minister. germany's chancellor has been holding talks with the turkish prime minister. angela merkel told binali yildirim that berlin wants to see a fastjudicial process for a german—turkish journalist held in turkey. the jailing of deniz yucel has put a strain on relations between the countries, and mr yildirim said he hoped we began this programme with news of gun violence in florida. a few weeks ago, i went to the city of compton in california to look at how they've reduced the number of killings. compton became famous in the 1980s for gang wars. it was one of the most dangerous places in the country
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and the birthplace of gangsta rap. but, with better policing, a proactive mayor and a community that wants peace, compton is turning round. here's my report, and a warning — there are flashing images at the start. crime situation is high, it's very busy for law enforcement. but it's a very small percentage of people causing the problems. the night patrol with the la sheriffs in the city of competence. two suspected members of the south side compton crips gang are under arrest.“ would be really unsafe for them to be in the rivals' area and, if they they'll have to have protection because it's almost expected for them to be armed. police estimate there are almost 4000 gang members in competent our service area is ten
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square miles. so, for every square mile we have, we have almost six active gangs. 37 gangs compete for control in a city ofjust 100,000 control in a city ofjust100,000 people. compton's notorious street gangs, the compton crips, the gloves and one other, were formed in the 19605. and one other, were formed in the 1960s. their clothes, their tattoos, even their jewellery walmart which gang they belonged to. —— all marked. wearing the wrong colour shirt could have, and still could, get you killed. today, compton is on the up. compton's youthful mayor, asia brown, has made it her mission to transform the image and the
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economy of the city. in 2013, early into her first economy of the city. in 2013, early into herfirst term, and after 16 killings in just four months, into herfirst term, and after 16 killings injust four months, asia brown decided to hold a crisis meeting. she put a call out to the gloves and crips to get a truce. it's my community, i'm not afraid of my own people, and it was interesting to hear from them, but they are very pragmatic, they talk about the need for opportunities they can access, they talked about they can access, they talked about the barriers to their employment because of criminal records, but i told them, it's not aboutjust what cani told them, it's not aboutjust what can i do for you, told them, it's not aboutjust what can i do foryou, i told them, it's not aboutjust what can i do for you, i told them i am willing to work with you if you are going to make a commitment. don and fred are from rival gangs. don is a blood. fred is a crip. if you'd come
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across dom in a street ten to 15 yea rs across dom in a street ten to 15 years ago. . . across dom in a street ten to 15 years ago... it would be no problem. there would have been a fight stabbing or shooting up because you we re stabbing or shooting up because you were in rival gangs? like i said, i was young, and i didn't have a understanding of life, all i cared about was my gang and the rebels to defend us. you would have hurt him. yes. yeah. he would have tried. will is also a former gang member. he served 12 years in prison for a string of offences, including carjacking at gun possession. in december 1999, he decided to turn his life around a of kids are looking for something when theyjoin gangs. they are looking for something. there was something missing. the gangs cater to those things that are missing. this was
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almost a shared store between two rival gangs, so a lot of people lost their lives up rival gangs, so a lot of people lost theirlives up here, rival gangs, so a lot of people lost their lives up here, a lot of shootings and drive—bys. their lives up here, a lot of shootings and drive-bys. he now spends most of his nights on the streets, trying to stop conflicts from happening or getting out of control. we are going corner to corner, communicating with those that are always out. for the mayor, it's also personal. down this quite street is asia's former family home. my street is asia's former family home. my mother was a registered nurse and worked overnight, and her schedule was a bit different, and there was a home intrusion and somebody raped and murdered her. the loss of the light is for a lifetime, and there are holes that are created that can never be filled and it gives me a level of compassion, respect and even inside and perspective into what most people are dealing with.
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the mayor's story isn't uncommon. there is a level of post—traumatic stress in this town that comes from decades of extreme violence. but maybe it's that shared experience that could also drive people to end the violence. and a reminder you can catch the full version of that half hour documentary on our world here on the bbc this weekend. on days like today, which seem pretty bleak in the united states after the florida shooting, it's worth remembering that things can get done, and compton is a symbol of that, when the mayor and sheriff and former gang members all decided to work together. they can reduce the levels of homicide in the city, and it's extraordinary to see compton, a town i walked around feeling totally safe in in the middle of the daytime, becoming normal place where people can recover from a level of
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post—traumatic stress that they have suffered for the last few decades, and they have done it by coming together, working together and putting aside their differences. it's good to see that happening now, are these the world's worst burglars? shanghai police have released this footage of two would—be burglars in china attempting to break into a shop in the early hours of wednesday morning. as you can see, it's the accomplice who comes off worse. this is beyond 100 days from the bbc. coming up for viewers on the bbc news channel and bbc world news, the ultra—processed food linked to an increased risk of cancer, including mass—produced bread. what should we avoid eating? and stock market volatility is back. we'll be asking financial guru alvin hall how best to look after our money. that's still to come. it may have been milder, sunnierfor
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many today, but they have still been some snow showers around, especially in north—west scotland. let's focus on the sunshine in norfolk this afternoon, a gorgeous afternoon. england and wales saw a few showers, wintry into northern ireland. speckled cloud in the satellite picture, indicating showers, but bigger cloud in north—west scotland with frequent, heavy, wintry showers. they continue overnight and there will be further snow in the hills. blizzard is developing in the wind. a few showers on the western side of northern ireland. elsewhere, largely dry and clear, with a widespread frost in the morning. still picking up a few showers on friday, particularly in north—west scotla nd friday, particularly in north—west scotland during the day, so further snow showers. one or two showers for more than ireland, wales, england,
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but many will be dry. morning sunshine and cloud increasing to the west of the uk, leaving the best of the afternoon sunny spells in eastern areas and temperatures fairly respectable, around seven to ten celsius, hire the further south you are. friday night and saturday morning, we are going to bring some outbreaks of rain, sleet and hill snow across parts of northern ireland, scotland and northern england, running into northern wales, but the system weakening as it heads south on saturday morning. more cloud around, temperatures as low as this, but perhaps some fog patches on saturday morning, dense in one or two spots. overall, the weather pattern hasn't changed much for the first part of the weekend. starting with more cloud around as northern parts. a few showers, wintry on hills, and the best sunny spells in southern areas, but many
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of us will see sunshine at some stage on saturday, and temperatures at six to 9 degrees foremost, maybe ten or 11 at six to 9 degrees foremost, maybe ten or11 in at six to 9 degrees foremost, maybe ten or 11 in the mildest spots. more cloud on sunday, especially across northern and western areas of the uk, leaving central and eastern with the best sunny spells. where you have got the cloud, dampest risley, but it's a bit milder on sunday. —— damp and drizzly. this is beyond 100 days with me, katty kay, in washington. our top stories... president trump says making schools safer is a key priority as 17 people are shot dead at a school in florida. democratic senator chris murphy told this programme... schools will only be made safer fresh richter— legislation. —— be made safer through further gun legislation. this is something exclusive to the united states. and in the last half
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an hour, the suspected gunman appearing in court on murder charges. we'll have the latest from south florida in a moment. also coming up in the next half hour... the ultra—processed, mass—produced foods reportedly linked to cancer. we have the findings of a new study. angelic eyesore or saintly sculpture? one of britain's most divisive landmarks turns 20, but is everyone celebrating? let us know your thoughts by using the hashtag... returning to our main story — the shooting at a high school in parkland, florida which has left 17 people dead. nikolas cruz, a 19—year—old who had been expelled from the school, has been charged with multiple counts of premeditated murder. he has appeared in court and the judge ordered he remain injail without dale. —— without bail. for more, we can cross to the bbc‘s nada tawfik in parkland. what is the latest?
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the authorities here are starting to build a profile of the shooter. it is now known that the fbi had him on the radar as early as september. on social media, on youtube video, you declare that he would be a school shooter. the fbi says they conductedj the so course’fflljfljzzlf girl“; a being someone 315: . about how administrators are warned teachers about {55mg raised about ' ' our {55mg raised about ' ' our virginity 55mg raised about ' ' our virginity is fat; raised about ' ' our virginity is where ;ed about ' ' our virginity is where missed it ' ' what our virginity is where missed to prevent this. —— about what our virginity is where missed to prevent th 455 about
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on how does the us compare comes to gun killings as a percentage of homicides? in the us, it's 64%. compare that to canada, where firearms laws are much tougher, and that figure drops by more than half — to 30%. australia, 13%. meanwhile, in england and wales, where citizens are not allowed to carry any sort of gun, it's just 4.5%. moving on to the top 10 countries in which civilians own guns, it's no surprise where comes out top. in america, nearly nine out of 10 people own a firearm. with me now is in north america editor, jon sopel. is this really the issue? the president talked about mentak’"" the issue? the president talked about mental health, in
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