tv BBC News at Five BBC News February 16, 2018 5:00pm-5:45pm GMT
today at 5: president trump heads to florida to meet some of those caught up in the mass shooting at a high school. after a vigil for the 17 people who died, survivors spoke of the terrifying moment the gunfire started. it was just so scary, like... it's... it wasn't real, like, it felt like a movie. it's notjust gun control that's going to stop them, so we need to also change the mindset of the people and help them get the mental help they need. 19—year—old nikolas cruz has appeared in court. after the shooting, he discarded his weapons and fled the scene. iam i am live in parkland, where after the deadliest school shooting since 2012, questions are now being asked about whether qui awarding signs we re about whether qui awarding signs were missed that could have prevented this tragedy. —— clear up warning signs. we'll be hearing from other students caught up in the incident. the other main stories on bbc news at 5: oxfam sets up a commission
to investigate allegations of exploitation by its staff. we are going to do justice. we'll atone for the past. theresa may calls for a unique partnership with the eu as she meets german chancellor angela merkel in berlin. state of the union — south africa's new president, cyril ramaphosa, is about to address the nation, a day after being sworn into office. this creature is intelligent, capable of understanding emotions. and in this week's film review, we'll take a look at ‘the shape of water'. in which sally hawkins falls in love with a curiously —— creature. with a curiously -- creature. that is coming up at 5:45 p:m.. good evening.
president trump is heading to florida — to meet some of those caught up in the mass shooting at a high school. police say a former pupil, who was expelled, has now confessed to the massacre, in which 17 people were killed. nikolas cruz, who's 19, said he arrived on campus and began shooting students, before abandoning his weapon and escaping, according to a court document. the fbi has admitted it received a tip—off about him last year. last night, thousands of people attended a candlelit vigil in parkland, florida. our north america correspondent, nada tawfik, is there. today, many of the families are preparing to bury their loved ones. tributes for the 17 victims entails
—— and tales of heroism pouring in. the teacher who died trying to save children. the young teenagers excited head of the university. and along with the grief, this is a community demanding answers. how did law—enforcement miss such clear signals and how can children are kept safe in school and what does the president planned to do? they came to mourn the lives lost and the lives scarred by this senseless attack. neighbours, friends and the students of stoneman douglas high comforted one another as best they could. jet was among the students who ran in a panic once the first shots were fired. he doesn't know if he can handle returning to the halls where his classmates' lives were cut short. i don't know if i'll be able to just cope with walking through the bottom floor of the freshman building, knowing that everything has been cleaned up. like, everything... you can almost imagine just blood on the walls, bodies on the floor.
no—one's going to be able to walk through that building. no—one. all 17 victims have now been identified. among them — talented students, star athletes, and aaron feis, a beloved football coach and security guard. he has been called a hero for shielding children from the gunman‘s bullets. nikolas cruz appeared in court briefly on 17 charges of premeditated murder. his lawyer said he was sad and remorseful and described him as a broken human being. the sheriff's office said he confessed to opening fire on his former school. he told authorities he bought a drink at subway and stopped at mcdonald's after the rampage. on social media, cruz often posed with guns. and in one post, he wrote he would be a professional school shooter. those who knew him were troubled by his behaviour. i saw him in the backyard and he had like a, i wouldn't say a bb gun, i wasn't really sure.
and i was pretty young, so i told my mom and i said, mom, it looks like he is shooting at something. and the people who are behind us have chickens and he was shooting at the chickens, so my mom called the cops. these terrifying scenes of students completely helpless and trembling with fear have shaken the nation. and they have reignited the debate on gun control. the warnings were just too late. we didn't think of them at that moment. we thought, oh, it isjust a joke, another high school teenager saying he does not want to be in school and he does not want to be in school and he doesn't like people when in reality it was real. there have to be changes in gun control. knowing that someone with such problems in the past where he has been expelled, he has killed animals, can get hold ofa gun he has killed animals, can get hold of a gun and do something like this is, it's outstanding. there is no words i can describe for it. but more thanjust words i can describe for it. but more than just the security, words i can describe for it. but more thanjust the security, we need to change the people. because there isa
to change the people. because there is a bunch of people wanting to do harm to the community, then it is notjust gun harm to the community, then it is not just gun control that harm to the community, then it is notjust gun control that is going to stop them, so we also need to control the mindset of people and help to get the mental help they need. the president says he plans to visit soon. never one to shy away from controversial decisions in the of safety and security for americans, many wonder whether he will, with new ideas and if he will remain silent on gun control. the president said he will meet with some of the bravest people on earth, people whose lives have been shattered. but the white house has not updated is on his exact plans to come here in parkland. joining me 110w come here in parkland. joining me now is david hogg, one of those brave people that the president was referring to. a student at stoneman douglas high. thank you so much, we are grateful. can i first asked you to ta ke are grateful. can i first asked you to take us back to those terrifying
moments when you realise something was very wrong? it started at 2:30pm with a single gunshot echoing through the hallway and following into our classroom because the door was slightly open. after the first gunshot, my friends and i told the teacher and she closed the door. immediately after her closing the door, the fire alarm was pulled. sadly, instinctually and in hindsight, stupid me, we got up and started slowly making our way out of the classroom. little did we know at the classroom. little did we know at the time, our lives would soon be in danger. because the shooter had pulled the fire alarm.|j danger. because the shooter had pulled the fire alarm. i believe so, yes. as we went out, there was a flood of people towards all of us saying, go the other way! students running in all directions. we headed in the other direction and little did we were heading towards the assailant. thank god for a janitor who stopped me because without him, without him there, honestly, all the
people i was with, around 100 people probably would be dead because we we re probably would be dead because we were heading straight towards the government. he stopped us at the classroom closest to us and the teacher opened her door and got as many as she could in there, about 65 stu d e nts many as she could in there, about 65 students in about 30 seconds, and it is through those heroic actions. the heroism that we found in this terrible offence. that is why we can continue. and your sister was also in the school. so many people now have seen the videos of those terrifying moments, the kid shaking. you are one of those who decided to pull out your phone, why?” you are one of those who decided to pull out your phone, why? i figured asa pull out your phone, why? i figured as a journalist, as i saw myself at the time, for the school, if i was going to die, and if everybody around me was going to die, our voices would echo and carry on much longer than our souls and hopefully provide some sort of change. because what we have seen so far is truly
just unacceptable and it is disgusting. and i can see you are still very physically affected by all this. if you have said you do not want this to happen anywhere else, ever again. what do you think needs to be done? i think congress and the american people need to put down their political divisions. we need to come together as a nation and realise this is a moment where 17 children, multiple children have been murdered, including parents and 17 people. 17 people like you and me. they have gone because of this terrible person and what should be done is people can offer condolences, that is great. that is what we have done for the past 18 and before that. what we need is action and we need answers for the american people and no more broken promises. this has got too far and too many children have died and too many children will continue to die u nless we many children will continue to die unless we stand up and hold our
elected officials accountable. thank you, david, we are so grateful and so you, david, we are so grateful and so sorry you, david, we are so grateful and so sorry for what you went through. as you can hear, so many students have said the exact same thing, that something has to change. many thanks. our correspondent in parkland, florida. the head of oxfam international has announced what she's calling a comprehensive plan, including an independent commission, to deal with claims of abuse involving its staff. winnie byanyima said the revelations of sexual misconduct in haiti and other countries were a stain on the charity that will shame it for years. our diplomatic correspondent, james landale, reports. the earthquake that struck in 2010 reduced much of haiti to rubble. but the aftershocks are still being felt by oxfam. in her native ugandan, oxfam's global head said sorry for the sexual exploitation carried out by some of her staff in haiti, something she told me she only found out that last week. i'm inviting anyone who has been
a victim of abuse to come forward. we're going to do justice. we'll atone for the past. right now, thousands of oxfam staff are doing the right thing in the most dangerous places in the world. so, she's promising tougher new checks on staff references, three times more money spent on internal safeguarding procedures, and a new arm's—length commission to investigate oxfam's handling of past cases. members of this commission will be well—respected, well—known, experienced women's rights leaders, or human rights leaders. but isn't that going to be seen as marking your own homework? if you're paying for this? they will be women and men of integrity, who will facilitate to do a job for us.
they will make their own plan. she couldn't guarantee there were no sexual predators still working for oxfam, but she said more staff would be found accountable if they are found to have mishandled past cases. what hurts me most is that out there in haiti, or in another country, that there are some poor women who are abused and who haven't received justice. for me, to deliverjustice for those people is more important than, say, the reputation of oxfam. this problem though isn't limited to charities. united nations agencies and peacekeepers have faced similar accusations of sexual misconduct, and the organisation's secretary—general promised he would take action. this is a very important battle which will not be won in two or three days. we need consistent commitment to gender parity, gender equality and, at the same time, to zero tolerance in relation
to sexual harassment and sexual exploitation. what went on in haiti has cost oxfam donations, public trust, and celebrity ambassadors. but it's also shone a spotlight on an industry which, until now, has kept much of its behaviour in the shadows. james landale, bbc news. let's discuss oxfam and the fallout from this scandal we have been talking about so much. joining me now is imogen wall, who's an independent aid worker. she used to work for the united nations, and has worked in countries all over the world suffering from natural disasters. thank you for coming. when you say to someone, i am an aid worker. in a week like this, it must be a very difficult time for people to say that they work in that sort of field. yes. it has been a traumatic week for a lot of people. at the same time, for people like me and many of my female colleagues who
have seen perpetrators moved through the system and get caught out and moved to another agency, who try to report them and have been stonewalled and turned away, it is also not a surprise, frankly, that this has finally come to light. and it is also sad to say good because it has forced the agencies to recognise they have a problem and they have been worn for many years this is an issue and nobody has really ta ke n this is an issue and nobody has really taken enough step is to do something about it. you set up an online forum for people working in this area to share stories, the report problems, and are you saying that that is in the last week the general response on your website? people are saying, it was just a matter of time before this behaviour became, non—cash, knowledge? matter of time before this behaviour became, non—cash, knowledge ?|j matter of time before this behaviour became, non-cash, knowledge? i set up became, non-cash, knowledge? i set upa became, non-cash, knowledge? i set up a facebook group for friends and it snowballed because there was nowhere for people to talk about experiences they were having and now we have 17,000 members. it has been
very difficult and a lot of people worried about the work that could be damaged, the funding that would be lost and the people who lose out, mostly our local staff and the people we try to help. i have lost count of the number of times people have said the anonymous stories, usually young people in remote stations who say, i've seen this, it is awful, i don't know how to report it. or commonly, i have tried to report this and not getting anything back from my agency. they could be living or sharing an office in very close quarters with the people they wa nt to close quarters with the people they want to report, so it is a very frightening process. one thing i welcome in the oxfam statement this morning is they now finally have been asking people with those experiences to come forward, and i really hope other agencies do that because they a lot —— and not listening to their stuff now. is this a turning point and is there an organisation as large an oxfam and is well known which it says is putting its house in order, will that from your experience of the
industry, it feels wrong to use that word, will that have a ripple effect and these agencies will change their policies? i hope so. i cannot see they have any choice right now. which is a great thing. let's be clear, this is notjust about oxfam, they are getting the headlines, but every agency has this problem. we area every agency has this problem. we are a sector that attracts people who want to work with the vulnerable and 99%, they are really good people, but like any sector working with vulnerable people, we attract people who want to exploit them. we need to protect that and there is no safeguarding and note into agency system. so if oxfam fires somebody, there are hundreds of other agencies that person can work for because they cannot check up on each other, there is no six offenders register. nobody is writing job references and saying if you move from one law firm to another in the corporate sector and your boss thinks you have not
been good, do they not write a reference that says, this person is a bit work—shy? whatever the issue. people will think i don't understand how this does not get reported, people seem to know things are going on but it does not get discussed. lot of people try to report and the organisations are more concerned with reputation management rather than investigations, and it is very hard. oxfam is a british organisation and they might have, the guy in haiti was belgian and lives in a country with no legal system or a very fragmented and problematic system, where is the jurisdiction and whose responsibility is it, the prosecution? it is difficult in places without functioning legal systems, but that makes it more important that agencies do police themselves, which they are not sufficiently at the moment. that is really the issue. so, yes, people just moved. this is a very good case, this guy who worked in one
country and got fired for sexually related offences and moved to oxfam, he got fired and got a job in bangladesh. that is how it works. it has to be remembered, the heartbreaking element, there are so many good people doing excellent work, for excellent agencies and charities, trying to do the right thing. i am so proud to stand alongside the colleagues i see doing amazing work, and about 95% of aid workers, they are local staff and really vulnerable. if it is hard for international is to report somebody, imagine some of the local with an extended family dependent on that salary, think wishes not your first language and you have to face potentially blowback from government or your community if you have been assaulted. 95% of aid workers, there are local assaulted. 95% of aid workers, there a re local staff assaulted. 95% of aid workers, there are local staff and they are the ones who really need protecting, not the international workers. ones who really need protecting, not the internationalworkers. very, very good to talk you, thank you very good to talk you, thank you very much. thank you for sharing your experiences, thank you very much indeed. this is bbc news at five.
the headlines: president trump is to visit florida, as students mourn the deaths of those killed in the deadly school shooting. oxfam says it will set up a commission to investigate past and present allegations of exploitation by staff. theresa may has said she's determined to strengthen ties with germany after brexit, describing it as a ‘vital partner‘ of the uk. and in sport, britain secures its first medal at the winter olympics. tom parsons nz rheumatic skeleton competition with a bronze medal. lizzy yarnold and another british athlete adds to the medal tally, going into the final runs in the women's skeleton tomorrow. leeds rhinos failed in their bid to wina leeds rhinos failed in their bid to win a record equalling fourth rugby world challenge after losing at it— four to the australian champions, melbourne storm. i will be back with more of those stories at half—past. thanks, see you later. let's talk
more about theresa may's visit to berlin. she says progress has been made and britain is ready to move to the next phase and agree a transition period. speaking with angela merkel, she reiterated her call for a unique partnership with the eu. angela merkel insisted she is not frustrated with the lack of detailfrom the is not frustrated with the lack of detail from the uk is not frustrated with the lack of detailfrom the uk government, is not frustrated with the lack of detail from the uk government, just curious. let's find out more from our correspondent, jenny hill. listen to news conferences in berlin. people listening might think they have heard some of those phrases already, what is your sense of the tone and the mood between these women in berlin? well, i think today, we have seen angela merkel playing the good cup. it is certainly no secret here in berlin, mrs merkel and people want clarity
from britain and fast about the relationship it wants to have in the future with the eu. nevertheless, we saw a bit of a loving between two leaders. angela merkel appeared extremely relaxed and said she had very constructive talks with mrs may and as faras very constructive talks with mrs may and as far as she was concerned, she wa nts to and as far as she was concerned, she wants to find a close relationship with britain, as close as possible in fact. with britain being outside the eu. and the leaders appeared to be in perfect agreement on that. i want a future economic partnership that is good for the european union, it's good for germany, it's good for the other members other remaining members of the european union, and is good for the united kingdom. and i believe that through the negotiations, we can achieve just that economic relationship, alongside obviously ensuring we continue to have a good security partnership too. lam not i am not frustrated at all. i am just curious as to how britain and visited our future partnership and
vested interests. as regards for example economic commitments we would like to preserve this close partnership and learn where we will find common ground. we did not get very much more detail in terms of what britain wants or what mrs merkel and the eu are willing to give. what we saw the date was also a bit of classic angela merkel. a bit of support from the german chancellor and perhaps her way of saying, these negotiations are in deadlock, let's push them on in a softly softly kind of way. it is also possible mrs merkel has suddenly found she has rather more in common with her british counterpart than usual as she has been preoccupied with trying to form a new government here, and both leaders have promised their countries a stable governments, both women are struggling. thank you for now, from berlin. the number of young people in the uk who own their own home has fallen dramatically over the last 20 years. research by the institute
for fiscal studies shows that the proportion of middle—income earners aged 25 to 3a who own a property dropped over that period from two—thirds, tojust over a quarter. our personal finance correspondent, simon gompertz, reports. so, i've been living here a couple of years now. aged 30, keen to buy, but shut out of the market. so, this is my room. tom bourlet says renting here in brighton is money down the drain. but the house prices are beyond him. it's completely out of reach. there's not a chance i will be able to get the deposit. it's such a cost, and with utility bills, with the cost of trains going to london, with my rent prices, it's just unachievable. and my friends, they're all around the same age and none of us are on the property ladder yet. the institute for fiscal studies looked at young people aged 25 to 3a on middle—incomes at the moment, between 22,000
and 30,000 for a household after tax — in most cases, couples with children. two decades ago, 65% of those on middle incomes owned their own homes. that's dropped to just 27%. most of the rest are forced to rent. the huge increase in house prices is the reason why it has become so difficult. 20 years ago, a young family would need four times their income in order to buy. now, it's more like eight times. so, for increasing numbers, buying a home isjust a nonstarter. the government's help to buy scheme is helping people afford more, particularly new homes, and first—time buyers have had their stamp duty cut. but the problem is also one of supply. councils complain that developers are sitting on planning permission for more than 400,000 homes that haven't been built, and that is aggravating the shortage. it's really hard to see how we can make this better when we are still seeing huge demand
for housing and that housing demand is not being met with the right number of houses. so, i think that it is all coming down to the individual now. they are having to make the choices, they are having to decide for themselves — do i want to rent and have the flexibility, but pay more for it, or do i want to make a lot of difficult decisions and get on the housing ladder sooner? my mum always says she got on the property ladder around 25, 26, and she tells me the deposit price and how cheap it was. tom's aggrieved that he's missing out. part of a generation in which most people, like it or not, are stuck with renting. simon gompertz, bbc news, brighton. a team from chester zoo is trying to halt a massive fall in the number of orangutans on the island of borneo. a study has found that within 16 years, the population there has halved. the researchers said that while deforestation was partly to blame, a large number of the animals were being killed by hunters, or as punishment for raiding crops. victoria gill reports.
hanging onto survival. zoo programmes like this preserve small populations of bornean orangutans. but in the wild, they are being pushed rapidly towards extinction. their rainforest home continues to be cleared for agriculture and mining, but a 16—year—long study has now revealed that borneo's orangutans are disappearing from areas where the forest is untouched. they are being targeted by hunters. even in the areas where we think they're safe, we're losing them. and in some of the large populations where we have measured this loss, it's 50% over 16 years. that's an astonishing decline, at a population level. even without animals being deliberately killed, scientists estimate that deforestation alone could wipe out another 115,000 orangutans here in the next three decades. but this bridge—building project is a much—needed sign of hope. where the forest is fragmented
by agricultural drainage ditches, a team from chester zoo and the malaysian charity hutan is physically reconnecting it with tough polyester straps. this remarkable footage — captured by a tourist — is the project's first sign of success. when these animals use their arms, when they move around, they move at height, they swing in the forest canopy, and that's what they rely on in the wild. the zoo has learned from that to build bridges that will reconnect that habitat, just like the ones in the zoo enclosure. to actually see them using them and moving more freely across this habitat that's so fragmented is a really positive sign. this is very much a short—term solution. the long—term solution is to reforest the area. palm oil grown here makes its way into a huge variety of our food and other products, so conservationists are urging us consumers to check its
sourced sustainably. our choices, scientists say, could decide whether there is a future for these critically endangered apes. victoria gill, bbc news. let's briefly show you the scene in cape town, in south africa, because she will know, i am sure, south africa has a new resident, cyril ramaphosa sworn into office yesterday. and this is his first state of the nation address. we're listening across that and we will keep an eye on that. he has an enormousjob on his hands after the extraordinary number of corruption allegations levelled against jacob zuma who finally went this week. interesting to hear what he is saying about how he plans to tackle corruption. among other issues. we will be talking to an expert from chatham house in the next little
while and discussing what cyril ramaphosa needs to do now. we will be talking more about the future of south africa in the next few minutes, but that is the scene in cape town. more on that after half—past. time for a look at the weather. hello. thank you very much. a lot of glorious weather about today up and down the uk, a lot of sunshine and showers in the forecast. into the weekend, the weather is looking good. on saturday, we should see good. on saturday, we should see good sunny spells apart from showers and sunday is milder with a lot of cloud and outbreaks of rain. this weather front in northern cloud and outbreaks of rain. this weatherfront in northern ireland and scotland in the overnight period wea ke ns and scotland in the overnight period weakens as it pushes into england and wales. where we have the cloud, not quite as cold. the south east is chilly with clear skies and frost and fog on saturday morning. the weather front is a weak feature on the eastern side of the country on
saturday afternoon with showers on it. but along with sunny spells and showers in western scotland and northern ireland, they will be wintry of higher ground. in the sunday, a much greyer picture with outbreaks of rain from the west. some of it is quite heavy at at times and there could be low cloud and some mist over western hills. but much milder temperatures, 9-12dc, but much milder temperatures, 9—12dc, despite the lack of sunshine. the water next week, it stays mild. turning cold by the end of the week. this is bbc news — the headlines: president trump is to visit florida as students mourn the deaths of those killed in the deadly school shooting. oxfam says it will set up a commission to investigate past and present allegations of exploitation by staff. theresa may has said she's determined to strengthen ties with germany after brexit, describing it as a vital partner of the uk. south africa's new president cyril ramaphosa is addressing the nation,
a day after being sworn into office. the number of young people in the uk who own their own home has fallen dramatically over the last 20 years. much more coming up. we will talk more about south africa and it is the film review as well. let's find out what is happening in the world of sport. damien johnson out what is happening in the world of sport. damienjohnson can tell us. hello. we're already looking forward to day eight of the winter olympics with great britain's lizzy yarnold in bronze medal position at the half way stage of the women's skeletion — she'll be looking to emulate or even improve on dom parson's performance. parsons became britain's first medallist — claiming bronze in the men's event. after a dramatic final run, he finished 0.11 seconds ahead of fourth—placed martins dukurs. parsons looked to have lost out on a medal until world champion dukurs made mistakes on his final run.
i thought i had lost it. after the second run, well, the fourth run, i looked up at the time. made a couple too many mistakes in that run, but martin has made some more mistakes and he's the last person i thought would make mistakes. the women's skeleton could well provide further medals — they're half way through their competition. lizzy yarnold is the defending champion after gold in sochi and led after the first run. but she lost time on the second to sit third overall. iaman i am an athlete who loves to compete at these big events, when everyone is bringing their best. i think i am well in the mix. that is the big goal which is frightening to say sometimes, but to be the first british winter olympian to retain my title, it is not easy. it has not
been easy. it has been a hard few yea rs been easy. it has been a hard few years but hopefully i can do it for eve ryo ne years but hopefully i can do it for everyone who has supported me. laura deas is the other british competitor in the event, and she improved on the second run, when she was second fastest, to sitjust a place behind yarnold in fourth overall. the medals are decided with runs three and four tomorrow lunchtime. britain's men have suffered their second defeat of the curling competition. they were trailing european champions sweden with one end to go, and couldn't provide the special finish needed to take it to an extra end. so they've won two, lost two in the round robin phase. england bowler liam plunkett has been ruled out of the rest of their limited overs tour of new zealand with a hamstring injury. plunkett aggravated a tear that he suffered in the one day series against australia last month when he returned to the side for the t20 tri series match against new zealand on tuesday. england could still have a final to play in the t20 tri series after australia completed a record run chase to beat new zealand by 5 wickets in auckland, reaching their target of 244 with seven balls to spare. if england win against the black caps on sunday
they could go through. leeds rhinos were thoroughly beaten by melbourne storm in the world club challenge. leeds qualified for the match after winning the super league grand final whilst melbourne won the australian nrl. but the rhinos missed out on a record—equalling fourth world club challenge victory losing 38 points to 4 in australia. alex mcleish says becoming scotland manager for a second time is a "tremendous honour". he's been confirmed in thejob 11 years since he left it the first time, and the former rangers and birmingham boss replaces gordon strachan on a deal until 2020. iam i am absolutely ecstatic to be back as the national coach. and of course, it goes without saying, but iam course, it goes without saying, but i am saying it anyway, the goals are to win the nation ‘s league group and to get to the year rose in 2020.
no question, and i am up for the challenge. i believe i am the right quy challenge. i believe i am the right guy for thejob. west brom are investigating after four senior players were involved in an "incident" on their training trip to spain this week. the club say the players will be "subject to the full rigours of our internal disciplinary procedures". west brom are bottom of the premier league and play southampton in the fa cup tomorrow. there are two fifth—round matches this evening. leicester host sheffield united at the king power stadium. while chelsea are at home to championship side hull. you can get all the build up to those matches and follow them later on the bbc sport website and on bbc radio 5 live and 5 live sports extra and we'll have more for you in sportsday at half past six. thanks very much. as promised, let's talk more about the change in south africa and what change might be to become. you will know the country
has a new president, cyril ramaphosa, sworn in yesterday. and today he is making his first state of the nation speech to parliament. that all follows on from the resignation of jacob zuma that all follows on from the resignation ofjacob zuma who finally stood down yesterday after being under such intense pressure for a long time. a huge number of corruption charges surrounded jacob zuma. while he has been talking, president ramaphosa has promised to tackle that sort of corruption which dogged the previous administration. he honoured nelson mandela in the centenary year of his birth. he said he remained an important part of his country's future. we should honour madiba by putting behind us the era of discord, the era of this unity and the era of disillusionment that has somehow engulfed our country. we
should put behind us the era of diminishing trust in public institutions and weakened confidence in our country's public leaders. we should put all the negativity that has dogged our country behind us, because a new dawn is upon us. and a wonderful dawn has arrive. —— arrived. it is a new dawn which is inspired by our collective memory of nelson mandela, but it is also inspired by the changes that are now unfolding in our country. wonderful changes that everybody can see. as we read our minds of all negativity, we read our minds of all negativity, we should reaffirm our belief that
south africa belongs to all who live in it. for although we are a diverse people, we are one nation. that is pa rt people, we are one nation. that is part of what cyril ramaphosa had to say. he is still talking. chris vandome is a research analyst at the chatham house africa programme, and is here with me now. thank you for being here. i know you we re thank you for being here. i know you were able to listen to little of the address in cape town. what is he saying and what does he have to achieve with this speech? he has been addressing the big issue in south africa at the moment of corruption. there has been a lot of anti—corruption corruption. there has been a lot of anti—corru ption rhetoric corruption. there has been a lot of anti—corruption rhetoric in the speech and that is what people will wa nt to speech and that is what people will want to see and expect to see. there is also talk of unity as well. he is talking about unifying the country that i think some of the subtext will be unifying the party. in the
past decade underjacob zuma, the corruption scandals and the product of that presidency led to this unity in the country and that is what he is trying to achieve with this —— dis—unity. others will want to know what his plan is economically. this is something that people will want to seek flesh on the bones. the economy is in a very bad way, there is very high unemployment. that emphasis on tackling corruption, is that a twin track approach as far as he is concerned. if you manage to deal with corruption, do you deal with the economy automatically? there is an element of that. corruption feeds into the economic status there has been. a part of thatis status there has been. a part of that is also trying to rebuild the credibility of the party. he has to walk a very fine line. there are still those in the party who
benefited from the patronage, benefited from the patronage, benefited from the graft of the last administration. and still are today, one assumes, they would be resista nt, one assumes, they would be resistant, surely? yes, that is why he has to tread carefully but he is going into an election next year, sony has this issue of corruption that he has to tread this fine line, at the same time to deliver this economic renewal because this is what people expect from him. this is what people expect from him. this is what the brand is run of those is. it isa what the brand is run of those is. it is a man who has come out of business, but also a man who back in the 80s was a union leader but built up the 80s was a union leader but built up the unions, built up the union federation. a has demonstrated he can build institutions which are bigger than himself. he is notjust about the individual. this is what people will want to see from this guy and this is an opportunity to show them this is the plan. how does he help ordinary people? those young people out there who do not have a
job and no hope of getting a job, as they would see it, and here is a man who is a multimillionaire businessmen telling them how he is going to try and find them work. where is the trust, i suppose i am asking, can they have any confidence and trust in this person? is he a new broom? yes, i think he will ride this wave of confidence for a while. we are coming into a budget, next week it will be presented. what has happened in the past is the anc have often used this state of the nation address and they have used the budget to walk right. what people will want to see from cyril ramaphosa is a lot more unity between not only what is said in the state of the nation address and the budget, but going forward, a much better relationship with business. under thabo mbeki there was mutual
respect. underjacob under thabo mbeki there was mutual respect. under jacob zuma under thabo mbeki there was mutual respect. underjacob zuma the party disintegrated. and the moment where south africa got through three finance ministers in as many days, businessmen very vocally against jacob zuma. there is hope that in cyril ramaphosa there is somebody who can finally unite the hopes of business under the anc. but if you look at the speech, he has been very careful to continue to play to the rural poor audience. he is highlighting things like the social gra nts highlighting things like the social grants programme that he says benefits up to the third of south africans. he has been very careful to not overdo it on the big business front. very interesting. and as you say, the budget next week so that will be interesting to listen to. chris vandome, thank you for your thoughts. the speech in cape town is still going on so we will keep an eye and an ear across all of that. there will be more analysis of south
africa's future and much more coverage of that story over the course of the evening on bbc news. this is bbc news at 5 — the headlines: president trump is to visit florida as students mourn those who died in the high school shooting on wednesday. oxfa m wednesday. oxfam says it will set up a commission to investigate past and present allegations of exploitation by staff. and theresa may has said she's determined to strengthen ties with germany after brexit. she has described it as a vital partner of the uk. now on bbc news a look ahead to sportsday at 6.30 tonight... on sportsday later we will have plenty of reactions to dom parsons' skeleton bronze. it is not the medal team gb had really been banking on
but it gets them off the mark in south korea. there could be more to come over the next 24 hours. two teams of women's sliders are very well placed. it is also an fa cup weekend. two fifth round ties tonight. we will hear from alex mcleish back in charge of scotland. tennis, rugby league and boxing, a massive all british world title fight to look forward to this weekend. that is all coming up on sportsday at 6:30pm with me, olly foster. now on bbc news it is time for the film review. hello and welcome to the film review on bbc news. to take us through this week's cinema releases is jason solomons. good to have you with us, what have
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