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tv   BBC News  BBC News  August 3, 2018 2:00am-2:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news. broadcasting to viewers in north america on pbs and around the globe. my name is duncan golestani. our top stories: the big announcement zimbabwe's been waiting for — emmerson mnangagwa is declared the new president, but can he heal a divided nation? russia remains a threat to american democracy — the stark message from president trump's national security team. the dca said messaging campaign by russia to try and weaken and divide the united states. apple is valued at a trillion dollars, making it worth more than many of the world's major economies. and — they're celebrating now, but these lottery winners saw their ticket ripped up as they were about to claim a huge jackpot. hello and welcome.
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the president of zimbabwe, emmerson mnangagwa of the governing zanu—pf party, has been declared the victor in monday's presidential elections. mr mnangagwa won just under 51% of the vote, against 44% for nelson chamisa of the opposition movement for democratic change alliance, the mdc. they rejected the results and said it would be challenged in court. fergal keane sent this report from harare. after a wait in which the country was plunged into crisis, at last, the moment of decision. the votes received by emmerson mnangagwa of zanu—pf party are more than half the number of votes cast in the
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presidential election. therefore, emmerson mnangagwa of zanu—pf party is therefore duly declared elected president of the republic of zimbabwe, with effect from the third of august 2018. cheering. the newly elected president is the man who overthrew robert mugabe last november. today we are witnessing the beginning of a new democracy. his victory is the culmination of 50 yea rs of his victory is the culmination of 50 years of activism and political manoeuvring. for the man named the crocodile, patient and ruthless. to those characteristics described new? —— to those characteristics described you? i am as soft as all. iama described you? i am as soft as all. i am a very soft person in life. but hours before the announcement, the
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man he has defeated claimed that he stole the election. people did definitely not vote for emmerson mnangagwa in this election and people know that. the victory declaration won't and the polarisation that has deepened so dramatically in the last days. this was the normally bustling centre of harare, soldiers who opened fire on crowds yesterday warned people to go home. this isn't the typically harare of a thursday afternoon, it is an apprehensive place. it is a city whose streets don't belong to the people today, but two men with tongs and guns are. came across a stand—off with police at opposition headquarters. they had arrested several people. the face of a prisoner. but they wanted more who we re prisoner. but they wanted more who were still in the building. have police entered the building? no, we
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stopped them from doing that. there is an army helicopter coming overhead. finally, a warrant and more arrests. the faces tell their own story about zimbabwe's politics today. it was a very different scene a month zanu supporters. confidently expecting the victory of emmerson mnangagwa. it has been our liberation since 1980, we were born into zanu-pf liberation since 1980, we were born into zanu—pf and i will support it until the end of. the president has his victory and is backed by the might of the state, but he will rule a deeply divided nation. joining me now from new york is former ambassador michelle gavin, now a senior fellow for africa studies at the council on foreign relations. i was reading an article you wrote a
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week ago before the election and it is fairto week ago before the election and it is fair to say you are not surprised by the result, the violence or the claims of election rigging.|j by the result, the violence or the claims of election rigging. i am not surprised, but i am disappointed. people of zimbabwe deserve better than this. tell me why you are not surprised. you have come back from a fact—finding mission from zimbabwe? that's right. i joined fact—finding mission from zimbabwe? that's right. ijoined several collea g u es that's right. ijoined several colleagues in a mission to zimbabwe where we talked to the government, we talk to the opposition, civil society, religious leaders, business leaders, to really try and get an understanding of whether or not zimbabwe was ready to turn the page and move past an error of political violence and hold an election that the people, most importantly, would deem credible, free and fair and find a way to be the country forward. the economy, of course, is
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ina forward. the economy, of course, is in a terrible state and u nfortu nately in a terrible state and unfortunately what we have seen is not the turning point that they were looking for. so what is it that use saw specifically that set alarm bells ringing? sure. there were a range of issues. with the electoral process itself, there were positive elements, certainly useful more political space for people to express their views freely, for the opposition to hold rallies. but you also saw the continued bias of state media, which is for most in zimbabwe, the only media that they see. there were worrisome signs that after the coup, which was popularly supported, but was a coup, last november, questions that little of zimbabwe were asking. did the
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military seized power only to hand it over again military seized power only to hand it overagain in military seized power only to hand it over again in an electoral process ? it over again in an electoral process? most people thought the a nswer process? most people thought the answer was no and there was an unwillingness to make a claim at the military would accept the results of an election, regardless of the winner. there were still repressive laws on the books that easily could have been repealed, so all of these instruments of repression were still there. as the electoral process move onward, there was intimidation in the rural areas and there are ample reports of that. some of the same old patterns have started to emerge. in essence, what you are saying is that president mnangagwa is thereby the grace of the military, the establishment? absolutely. they endorsed him and continue to exercise their power most blatantly
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yesterday, where six people were killed in the streets on his behalf. so these results that we have got in the last few hours, zanu—pf 51%, nelson chamisa 48%. you have no faith in those numbers?” nelson chamisa 48%. you have no faith in those numbers? i don't claim to know what accurate numbers are. ido claim to know what accurate numbers are. i do know that there is not a lot of confidence in the independence of the zimbabwe electoral commission. so what you think the response should be from the international community? president mnangagwa has repeatedly talked about zimbabwe about being open for business, a message to the international community, how should they be dealing with his country now? i think it is important to make it clear that this didn't make the mark, that there is a tremendous amount of work to be done to. that would have been true, regardless of the winner of the election. there
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are are still unconstitutional laws on the books. there is still a large amount of corruption in that country may be a questionable bet for investors. so everybody can agree on what is needed in zimbabwe fought people's daily live to improve and thatis people's daily live to improve and that is an uptick in the economy. but to get there, people need some confidence about governance issues, and this did not inspire confidence of. will have to leave it there. thank you very much forjoining us. let's get some of the day's other news. the roman catholic church now says capital punishment is never acceptable, under any circumstances. pope francis had previously spoken out against the use of the death penalty, and the vatican says it will work for abolition across the globe. he says killing a prisoner "deprives the guilty, of the possibility of redemption". europe is in the grip of a new record—breaking heatwave.
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forecasters say the all—time highest temperature could be recorded in the coming days in spain and portugal. the current record is 48 degrees celsius in athens in 1977. there are reports that anti—government protests in iran have reached the capital, tehran. videos posted on social media show hundreds of people marching in central areas of the city. the demonstrations are an expression of anger at rising prices, the collapsing currency, as well as water and electricity shortages. it was a united front at the white house earlier as the president's national security team lined up to say they have evidence that russia is trying to interfere in the us's election process. mr trump's top officials said he had been taking decisive action to defend the country's election system from interference — that's despite criticism of his recent summit with vladimir putin in helsinki. the director of national intelligence says the threat remains. in regards to russian involvement in
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the mid—term elections, we continue to see a pervasive messaging campaign by russia to try to weaken and divide the united states. that was a sentiment echoed by the director of homeland security kirsten nielsen, who made clear what's at stake. 0ur democracy itself is in the crosshairs. free and fair elections are the cornerstone of our democracy and it has become clear that they are the target of our adversarial, who seek to sow discord and undermine our way of life. 0ur correspondent peter bowes is in los angeles. peter, a really stark warning from within the white house. yes, and
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this is a very high—powered group of officials, the director of national intelligence, director of the fbi and others all coming together with the stark warning that once again, foreign adversarial is, russia in particular, trying to influence voters of the upcoming american elections. the mid—term elections in just three months time and the next presidential election in 2020, that there are hackers trying to steal information about candidates and local officials, that they can influence voters once again through social media. it was striking to me, the level of, the high—powered nature of this news conference, that they were all coming together with they were all coming together with the same message and quite a blunt warning to americans that this is likely to happen again. does that create a bit of a gulf in rhetoric between mr trump's advisers and is the trump himself, given what he has been saying over the last year or
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so? it certainly does. that wasn't lost on anyone, in fact, questions we re lost on anyone, in fact, questions were asked at this news conference again about president trump and president putin and their meeting last month and whether president trump put any pressure at all on the russian president over it this issue. in fact, the question was asked and dan coats, the director of national intelligence said he wasn't ina national intelligence said he wasn't in a position to either understand fully, or talk about what happened in helsinki. so it seems to me that still, some weeks later, no one really knows the details of what happened in that meeting. and peter, ina happened in that meeting. and peter, in a separate but not unrelated story, claims tonight that a russian spy story, claims tonight that a russian spy had been working undetected in the embassy in moscow. yes. this first reported by the guardian newspaper in the uk, that a russian national employed by the us secret
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service in the us embassy in moscow worked there for some time, up to a decade, and had access to potentially sensitive internal communications, systems, it intranet systems and e—mail systems that may well have given her access to access —— given her access to sensitive information, about the schedules of the president and the vice president. this came to light through a security sweep of the staff working there are a couple of yea rs staff working there are a couple of years ago and it was identified that she had been having meetings with security officials, russia, russian security officials, russia, russian security agents. the suggestion is that perhaps passing on information. she was eventually dismissed, that from herjob. —— sacked from. a united nations special rapporteur has described president trump's attacks on the media as a violation of basic norms on press freedom. david kaye, along with the head of the inter—american commission on human rights, said mr trump's verbal attacks
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on the media were contrary to america's international obligations to respect freedom of the press and human rights. they also warned that mr trump's derogatory comments ran the risk of triggering violence against journalists. the white house spokeswoman, sarah sanders, said the media had never given the president the credit he was due. the president's rightfully frustrated. 90% of the coverage on him is negative despite the fact the economy is booming, ices is on the run and american leadership is being reasserted around the world. white house spokeswoman, sarah sanders, there. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: medical student and the current miss world, marnooshi chiller, takes her health awareness message around the globe. the question was whether we want to save our people, and japanese
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as well, and win the war and taking a chance to win the war by killing our young men. the invasion began at 2am. mr bush, like most other people, was clearly caught by surprise. we call for the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of all the iraqi forces. 100 years old and still full of vigor, vitality and enjoyment of life. no other king or queen in british history has lived so long, and the queen mother is said to be quietly very pleased indeed that she's achieved this landmark anniversary. this is a pivotal moment for the church as an international movement. the question now is whether the american vote will lead to a split in the anglican community. this is bbc news,
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the latest headlines: emmerson mnangagwa has been elected president of zimbabwe, securing more than half of the votes cast. the opposition has rejected the result. russia remains a threat to american democracy, the stark message from president trump's national security team. apple is now worth $1 trillion, the first us company to do so. the iphone maker's market value reached the figure in late wednesday morning trading in new york, as its shares rose to a new record high above $207. here's our technology correspondent, dave lee. some people are writing of this milestone as being nothing more than a nice round number, but the
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significance is important. it shows a company that has had blistering growth over the last decade or so since it launched the iphone. they passed milestone — over $1 trillion — on thursday morning's trading in new york, and the way they did it was by selling iphones at a higher cost. last year the company released its more expensive iphone x at $999 or £999 in the uk. it meant the average selling price of the iphone has gone up dramatically, even though the company is selling fewer of the devices overall. also, apple has managed to diversify the kind of products it offers. it's now doing music streaming, cloud services, and aple pay. those services divisions now amount to around $10 billion every single quarter in revenue and that is what's giving investors hope that, even once the smartphone era does moves on, apple still has something else to offer. it might not be plain sailing for the rest of apple's history, up ahead could be an emerging threat from china, where cheaper device makers could eat into their bottom line. and also more broadly,
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i've been speaking to analysts here and they say apple's nextjob is to simply predict the future. they may have been the king of the smartphone era, with the iphone, but the jury is still out on what the next big computing platform may be. whether it is wearable technologies, artificial intelligence or something similar. apple wil need to both figure that out and also try to lead the pack again if it is to continue seeing the kind of valuation it is enjoying today. staying with that story. allison van diggelen is a silicon valley—based journalist. who do you think deserves credit for this, is this the journey that steve jobs put apple on or can we thank tim cook for this? i think steve jobs has left a big shoes for tim
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cook to fill, and i think today's news shows tim cook is billing them very efficiently, very admirably. he's very good on execution. what is it that he's executing then?” he's very good on execution. what is it that he's executing then? i think he's managed to keep the momentum going. the brand loyalty for apple, their building on the fact apple is an iconic american brand and their managing to sell it and keep that prestige, that cachet around the world and get that average sales price, which shocked many analysts, of $724, and largely to do with the iphone x, or some people call it the iphone x, or some people call it the iphone x, or some people call it the iphone x, that is the most popular phonein iphone x, that is the most popular phone in most major chinese cities today despite, as dave pointed out, some much cheaper rivals from china. of course, the iphone is ubiquitous, is there not a point when you reach
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saturation and the company can't really sell any more, expand into any more markets? yes, affordability is one of the headwinds that apple will face looking at the future. and, as they've mentioned, trump's tariff warand they've mentioned, trump's tariff war and the potential trade war, these are issues apple will be looking at and will have to face like lots of other american companies, there's lots of uncertainty there. allison, thank you for your company. my allison, thank you for your company. my pleasure. as part of the miss world contest, participants fight not just for the title but also for a cause that means a lot to them. the current winner, marnooshi chiller, is spreading awareness on menstrual hygeine around the globe. she spoke to the bbc asian network's shabnam mahmood in london. miss world 2017 is... india! cheering the miss world crown was the turquoise... the blue crown as it's
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commonly referred to, is passed on every year. well, it was made by the queen's jewellers to recognise beauty with a purpose and what miss world stands for. and i think... you know, the moment it touched my head itjust gives you this different kind of an energy where you automatically realise your responsibilities and the kind of expectations that come with that crown. one of your focuses is on menstrual hygiene. it's still a taboo subject in india, what kind of reaction did you get? the funny thing is, it's not just a taboo in india but it's something that... definitely the cause might be different but it's been an issue across many countries of the world. there are a lot of cultural backdrops, people just don't want to talk about it. the last miss india to win miss world was priyanka chopra, who's gone on to be a big bollywood star and now a hollywood star. is that something that you want to do as well?
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two of the miss worlds are bollywood actresses, aishwarya rai and priyanka chopra, and both of them have different journeys as well, sol know that myjourney will be different. it's already been very different. but i think because i'm a different person, i know that i'm going to have a very different story. i still have my college to complete, i have my studies, but i have realised one thing which i will not lie about, i do enjoy being in front of the camera. right now i do have my miss world duties but once i'm done with this, you know, maybe, maybe not. now, anyone who has ever bought a lottery ticket has dreamed of living the life of a winner, but few of us have lived the nightmare of matching all the numbers and then having your ticket thrown away before retrieving it to argue your case. that's what happened to a couple in scotland.
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the bbc‘s lorna gordon has their story. just a warning, there are some flashing images. celebrating the win that almost never was, fred and lesley higgins are nearly £60 million richer, even though a shop assistant initially threw their ticket away by mistake. he checked it. he tore the ticket up in half, he put it in the bin and then the machine printed out the little winning slip that you normally get when you win the lottery. but no figures on it, just the contact of the lottery headquarters. the couple kept their ticket in an envelope at home while the claim was investigated, confident the lottery would pay out. and i had written on the envelope in red " ' holding his hands up to his mistake, the 18—year—old who'd been behind the counter. he never thought they'd win that much, and is relieved the winnings came through. i didn't find out until last night, so to hear
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it was £57 million, it was just amazing, and for a local couple, it's even better. i don't even pay £50 or £100, nevermind £58 million! the higgins had dreamed of winning big on the lottery. now they have, new hobbies, homes abroad and rare malt whiskeys are among their plans for the future. lorna gordon, bbc news. what a dream for them! a reminder of our top story and the president of zimbabwe, emmerson mnangagwa, has failed his re— election as a new beginning for the country. he narrowly avoided a run—off vote in monday's presidential poll, securing just under 50% of the vote. his main rival, nelson chamisa of the opposition movement for democratic change alliance won little more than 44%. the mdc says it rejects the result and will challenge it in court. it
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says the tallies were not properly verified. that's the way it's looking. you're watching bbc news. i'm duncan golestani, thanks for your company. hello there. 0ver recent days, we've seen real contrasts developing in the weather north—west to the south—east across the country and that contrast will continue. this is the scene as the sun set in braintree in essex on thursday evening. we have seen more cloud and more wet weather across some northern and western parts of the country. as we head through the next few days, most of us are looking dry. the heat again will build in the south, but there will be a little bit of showery rain through the day on friday, particularly across parts of northern england. now, we've got a fairly cool flow of air coming in from the north—west, across parts of northern ireland and scotland. meanwhile, this warm flow of air from the south is affecting the southern parts of england and wales too. the dividing line between those two
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air masses, this zone of cloud, and on friday that will bring some sharp outbreaks of rain to parts of north wales, the isle of man, northern england and perhaps into southern scotland as well. also the chance of a few sharp showers breaking out across the east of scotland. should be drier in the west, but it's further south with all that sunshine that we're going to be seeing the hottest of the weather. the red colours returning to the map, and i think top temperatures friday afternoon likely to reach 31 or 32 degrees down towards the south—east of england, could hit 33 celsius in one or two places. further north, though, it is a different feel to the weather with temperatures in the mid—20s. then as we head through friday evening and overnight into saturday, most places again looking dry and that showery rain clears off to the east. quite warm and humid really wherever you are i think moving through into the early hours of saturday morning. for most of us, temperatures between around 12 and 19 degrees. it's high pressure that will take hold of our weather heading through the weekend, building its way in from the west now. so it is looking dry for much of the country, not everywhere, i think there is the chance of seeing just a few showers and a bit more cloud across northern and north—western
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parts of the uk. further south, clearer skies. light winds too, and it is going to feel quite warm and muggy i think. saturday afternoon, we're likely to see those temperatures across southern parts of england reaching around 29 or 30 degrees. further north for scotland and northern ireland, typically around about 19 to perhaps 21 celsius. a similar picture through the day on sunday. again, lots of dry weather. if you're a fan of the sunshine, more of that on offer. chance of a bit more rain working into the western isles, perhaps the highlands of scotland later in the day, but most other places looking dry. top temperatures ranging between around about 18 degrees in aberdeen to around 29 in london. then looking ahead through monday and tuesday, still mostly dry for most parts of the country. it's in the the south that we'll see tempertaures staying at around 30 degrees right through into monday and tuesday. bye— bye. this is bbc news, the headlines: emmerson mnangagwa, zimbabwe's
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incumbent and emmerson mnangagwa, zimbabwe's incumbentand zanu—pf emmerson mnangagwa, zimbabwe's incumbent and zanu—pf candidate has won the presidential election. emmerson mnangagwa says he will try to bring the divided nation together. earlier, zimbabwe's main opposition party refuted the result ina opposition party refuted the result in a vote marred by controversy and violence. president trumps‘ national security team lined up to say they have evidence that russia is trying to interfere in the us's election process. mr trump's top official said he had been taking decisive action to defend the country's election system from interference. and apple has become the first company
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