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tv   BBC News  BBC News  August 27, 2018 11:00am-11:31am BST

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this is bbc news. i'm joanna gosling. the headlines at ham: an official un report accuses myanmar‘s military of carrying out genocide against its rohynga population — and criticises the country's leader, aung san suu kyi, for failing to intervene. the myanmar authorities have forced a climate in which hate speech thrives, human rights violations are legitimised and crisis facilitated. food prices are expected to rise in the coming months — as farmers feel the effects of this year's extreme weather. the campaign calling for a new brexit referendum is attempting to change labour party policy on the issue according to a leaked memo. also this hour: police in florida are working to establish why a gunman opened fire at a video games tournament, killing two people. officials injacksonville say the 24—year—old suspect then turned the gun on himself. and in half an hour we'll hear from five people about their involvement
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in extraordinary moments in 20th—century history. that's coming up in witness. good morning. un human rights investigators have released a damning report into the rohingya refugee crisis. the report, based on hundreds of interviews, is the strongest condemnation from the un so far of violence against the rohingya. it accuses the head of the army in myanmar, along with five other generals, of carrying out a genocide against the country's rohingya muslim population. the investigators have called for the generals to be tried in the international criminal court — although as myanmar is not signed up to the rome statute, any trial would need support from the un security council's five permanent members. the report also blamed myanmar‘s
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leader aung san suu kyi for failing to prevent the violence — saying she "has not used her de facto position as head of government, nor her moral authority" to intervene. marzuki darusman, who led the team of investigators, has been outlining his findings. the military‘s contempt for human life, dignity and freedom for international law in general should bea international law in general should be a cause of concern for the entire population of myanmar and the international community as a whole. for the rohingya, this is compounded by state policies implemented over decades which are steadily marginalised and excluded them in a process of ordering. the rohingya are ina process of ordering. the rohingya are in a continuing situation of severe systemic and
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institutionalised oppression from birth to death. the cornerstone and symbol of this is their complete lack of legal status. we found it deeply disturbing to see how the myanmar population is being misinformed by its authorities and how it is being exposed to divisive rhetoric. the human rights violations in myanmar are fuelled by the efforts of the myanmar authorities to silence critical voices and their amplification of hateful rhetoric. it emboldens the perpetrators. the myanmar authorities have forced a climate in which hate speech thrives, human rights violations are legitimised and incitement to violence facilitated. our south east asia correspondent, jonathan head, has been following this story from bangkok. absolutely damning criticism for a
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un report to come out and say there is no choice but to prosecute myanmar‘s top leadership for genocide is extraordinary. marzuki darusman is normally a very cautious man, that was quite extraordinary to hear that. this will put myanmar in a greater position of diplomatic isolation. there was a recommendation it should go to the international criminal court but that would require the un security council to refer myanmar and china will almost certainly reject that. they talked about other possible mechanisms, that has happened in the case of syria for independent recommendations were created to pursue human rights investigations into atrocity with the prospect of indictments later. that looks like
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the way they will go with myanmar, but the conclusion of this report brought together so many of the other news reports we heard over the last year, absolutely appalling human rights abuses, systematic organised destruction of an entire people. they have brought that together, serious members of this team, and came out with these tough recommendations. it now goes to the international community, the un general assembly and human rights council to work out what to do next. myanmar has not call operated with this team but it is more belligerent and isolated. for ang san su chi, for so long as beacon of hope for democracy and understanding in myanmar, where does this leave her now?
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i think she's in an appalling position, to some degree self—inflicted. the writers of the report acknowledged that her civilian government has little authority over the media and did not plan this potential genocide but they say she has never spoken out against what the military has done, even to this day, last week in a public speech she refused to acknowledge the atrocities carried out by her armed forces. it's unlikely that they would lead to any prosecution of her but she has sided so prosecution of her but she has sided so firmly with her own military, that locked up for many years, but if this does go to a genocide prosecution and international form, aung sang suu kyi will find herself on the wrong side, put in the same camp as pariahs like north korea and the syrian government. we can speak now to phil robertson, the deputy asia director
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at human rights watch. he joins us via webcam from colombo in sri lanka. what is your reaction to this report? it's bad damning report. it agrees with many of the findings we have made. we believe this is a real call to the international community to finally stop talking and start moving and told people to account for these atrocities inflicted on the rohingya and other ethnic nationalities. it's long overdue but it was worth waiting for. how do you see aung sang suu kyi's role in this? she is now on a sinking ship and the question is, will she continued to stay there or tried to do something different? we believe she has been part of the problem, she has been part of the problem, she hasn't called out the burmese
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military for these atrocities but she also has gone along with the cover—up. people in her office have essentially been perpetrating some of the same lies as the military, so it's time for her to read this report closely and recognise that she is being lied to by the military and if she doesn't want to be part of the cover up she has to speak up. could she have spoken up and make things any different? we think so because there was a critical point when the fact—finding mission was being organised where she as foreign minister could have issued visas to the fact—finding mission and said go in and investigate, we want to know, it would have been up to the military to then refuse access to the areas where atrocities took place but she didn't do that, she has defended the military against
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the international community and has missed opportunity after opportunity to differentiate her position from the military. it's hard to reconcile what has happened under her watch with where she was before and obviously this report and the desperation by many for her to take the role that she does now have. yes, we are all at a loss for words. we don't understand how it could get to this point but it's quite clear that she has come for one reason or another, decided to support the military and the people in this country over facts presented by independent investigators and ultimately she has to take responsibility. thank you for joining us. food prices are being tipped to rise as farmers and producers feel the effects of this year's extreme weather conditons. the cold snap earlier this year followed by the summer heatwave,
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have contributed to the price of some vegetables rising by up to 80% over the last six months, as our reporter katy austin explains. this year, extreme cold has been followed by exceptional heat — a nightmare scenario for many farmers. farming has endured the worst summer drought in living memory, so that's impacted on wheat yields. so milling wheat is in short supply in northern europe, and vegetables in particular have been impacted quite severely, and so they will be in short supply in the coming months. now, an economics research group say farmers' costs and a struggle to produce enough is pushing up wholesale vegetable prices, and some dairy prices. for example, between march and july, the farm gate price of carrots went up 80%, there was a 20% rise in the cost of wheat for bread, and the price of onions went up 41%. the researchers say that
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has a knock—on effect, and with some other products here and in europe also set to get more expensive, a monthly £7 increase on shopping bills could be around the corner. a spokesperson from the department for environment, food and rural affairs told us it is not only the weather that affects food prices. it says it has taken steps to help affected farmers, and the high temperatures have helped things like fruit and wine. rodger hobson is a carrot farmer in north yorkshire and responsible for producing about 4% of all british carrots. he joins us via webcam from his farm near york. thank you forjoining us. how tough has it been this year? i've been a current farmerfor 28 has it been this year? i've been a current farmer for 28 years and i have never known a year like this, a cocktail of problems from start to
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finish. talk us through the issues and the affects at each step of the way. the beast from the beast, that snow and horrible cold weather, we we re snow and horrible cold weather, we were unable to plan the crop on time, it was planted a month late so that meant it has been in the ground for 20% less time than it should and then that beautiful weather injuly, then that beautiful weather injuly, the carrots hated it, they need to grow at 16—19 degrees, typical british summer weather but at 28 degrees they wilted, struggled back to life in august but we are still suffering drought conditions. what has the impact being on your business? are crop is 3096 down on last year, that is what we are forecasting for the year, it could get worse if we don't get rain soon
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so get worse if we don't get rain soon so our get worse if we don't get rain soon so our weekly sales are 30% down at the moment and we have never seen this before. what impact has that had on prices? they are up, we need is to hold up because the margins in oui’ is to hold up because the margins in our business are not great and we are 30% less sales without a price improvement, this will be our first price increase for nine years in the carrot industry. it is at all local factors ? carrot industry. it is at all local factors? are there any external factors? are there any external factors like brexit? brexit isn't a big issue for us, we are 97% self—sufficient as an industry. but normally there is a fallback option of importing carrots from europe. europe have had the same heatwave as the uk have come so the shortage is
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europe—wide. the uk have come so the shortage is europe-wide. thank you, and good luck with your carrot haul this year. thank you. a leaked memo suggests that campaigners for a referendum on any final brexit deal will try to enlist the support of labour at its annual conference next month. the people's vote group wants the party's mps and activists to submit motions, committing labour to backing a new ballot. labour's current posision is to respect the result of the 2016 referendum. our political correspondent jonathan blake has been following the story and joins me now. tell us more about the memo and what is happening? people's vote are campaigning fora is happening? people's vote are campaigning for a vote on the final brexit deal. when it reaches the end of eu negotiations in brussels, it is government policy to have ruled
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out any second referendum so the best chances are for labour to increase the chance of that happening so a memo has been sent to campaigners with particular attention on labour party members and activists who are encouraged to submita and activists who are encouraged to submit a motion for debate at the labour party conference next month, that sets out that the people should be allowed to express their views and the next line says the labour movement can then unite behind jeremy corbyn‘s determination to fight the tories on our hard brexit, because they are aware that many of the tories backing the referendum are critical ofjeremy corbyn, so they don't want this to be seen as an attempt to undermine his leadership. mike buckley explained why they are supporting this call. i think there is no majority in parliament for no deal,
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there's no support in parliament for theresa may's chequers steel, there's no support in the majority of mps in parliament for remaining in the european union. in parliament what we have is stalemate. we have to go back to the people on this, as well as which there is the simple fact that in 2016 people voted for an idea, whereas now were all aware of their reality, that a no deal scenario would result in food shortages, medicine shortages, trucks backed up on the m20. were aware that theresa may's deal and any fudge in the middle will leave us as a rule taker rather than a rule maker, responsible for implemneting eu law rather than making eu law, which for a country of our size and stature frankly isn't sustainable, so i think in the end we will have to go to the people and say is this the future you want or would you rather stay with things as they are now? there is a big debate in the party
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as to whether this is a good idea. andy burnham has made his views clear against a second referendum, saying it plays into the idea of an arrogant political class that is not dealing with the issues that gave rise to brexit, so a lot of disagreement within the party.“ this doesn't happen and the labour party position cannot be changed, is that it? labour's position has shifted slightly over time. we saw in the last few days, keir starmer, the shadow brexit secretary, saying if parliament votes against the deal with brussels, it would be a diplomatic deadlock and nothing should be off the table, suggesting a second referendum could be possible, so a lot can happen between now and the end of the negotiations and brexit date in march. theresa may is in africa on a
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trade visit. what are the expectations of that? her first visit to africa since taking office, she will visit south africa, nigeria and kenya, primarily a trade visit, talking about a renewed partnership with these economies which are growing very quickly, china and other world powers have been investing heavily there so there is a view in government that they don't wa nt to a view in government that they don't want to miss out on that, and also striking a town with brexit of wanting to rebuild britain's relationships with other countries in different parts of the world, and also a focus on security. the headlines on bbc news... food prices are expected to rise in the coming months — as farmers feel the effects of this year's extreme weather. an official un report accuses myanmar of carrying out genocide against its rohynga population — and blames
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the country's leader aung san suu kyi of failing to intervene. the campaign calling for a new brexit referendum is attempting to change labour party policy on the issue — according to a leaked memo. sport and for a full round up, from the bbc sport centre, here's chris mitchell. tottenham at manchester united later and the spurs boss is hoping for a rare win at old trafford. jose mourinho — one of the favourites to become the first manager sacked this season — would welcome a win too and he's clear what his players have to do. go home with the three points, you
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wa nt to go home with the three points, you want to win all the time, you don't wa nt to want to win all the time, you don't want to make mistakes, that's what you always want. he needs to improve his winning against some club, in the last four years that we play there, we lose for different reasons, playing well in some games not so well that it's a massive challenge for us to go to manchester united and show that we are able to win. a brilliant weekend for british basketball. the men won the wheelchair basketball world championships, beating the usa in the final. the gb team claimed a 79—62 win over the rio paralympic champions for what is their first global gold medal. i spoke to the team captain earlier and asked him what it was like to win. we knew we had it in is to get into
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that final, anything can happen and on the day we turned up and won at gold medal. we always trained as underdogs so the top dogs would be hunting for us. when we were about 12 up with a minute to go i thought, i think we have it here, and even for the last ten seconds, we won co mforta bly for the last ten seconds, we won comfortably but you just want to seek it out and this has actually happened. andy murray makes his grand slam return at six o'clock this evening. he is back after hip surgery and faces australia's james duckworth in the first round. he is one of four
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british players in action. murray — ranked 382 in the world right now — says it's great to be back. i have great memories from new york overall, from juniors through the first slam final to then obviously winning my first grand slam here, so, yeah. i have lots of great memories. i'm happy i'm able to be back, competing again here. it was tough, missing it last year. i was pretty upset at the time so i am really pleased to be back and i will try to enjoy it as much as i can. sunday's british motogp at silverstone was cancelled as "a result" of a new track surface laid in february. for the first time in nearly a0 years, a round of the motogp world championships was cancelled outright after torrential rain. discussions did take place to postpone the race until monday — which was agreed by some teams and riders — but it wasn't given the go—ahead partly due
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to a lack of marshalls. motogp race director mike webb says the water was not coming off the track fast enough. i think you have all seen the results of when we have been running in heavy rain, the circuit in some places is not safe because of the way the water does not drink from the surface. we did everything we could you run our event today, the last thing any of us wants to do is cancel an event but safety remains oui’ cancel an event but safety remains our priority. i'm here but i'm going to go now. that's all the sport. police in the west midlands have launched a murder investigation after a mother and daughter were stabbed to death. officers were called to an address in solihull in the early hours of this morning, and found two victims —
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aged 22 and 49 — with serious stab wounds. both were pronounced dead at the scene. west midlands police say they have identifed a suspect who is known to the victims and are making ‘urgent attempts' to arrest him. two people have been shot dead by a gunman at a video game tournament in florida. 11 others were injured in the shooting, which happened at a gaming event injacksonville, in the north of the state. police say the killer shot himself dead at the scene. andrew plant reports. this was a videogame tournament being streamed live online, young people gathered in a room inside a shopping centre, playing an american football game, when suddenly shots are fired. just thought it was a balloon pop, the way it sounded. but then came the realisation, you know, that someone back there is shooting. so just we basically got down and crawled out, for our lives. screaming, there's shooting, i heard gunshots, people just running, pushing each other, just getting out of the landing. police used social media to warn people to stay away, and to hide if they were trapped inside. they later said they had found the suspected gunman already dead. the single suspect in this
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case is a white male. this is pending confirmation, but we believe the suspect to be 24—year—old david katz, from baltimore, maryland, and the fbi is assisting us with that leg of the investigation in baltimore. florida has seen several mass shootings in recent years, including the pulse nightclub in 2016, where 49 people died. it is not clear what prompted this latest shooting. a game in the tournament. police say investigations into the motive are ongoing. shopping online has become the norm for millions of us. almost one in five sales are now made on the internet rather than on the high street. it means there's been a building boom in retail distribution centres that get our products to us. warehouse space has doubled injust a decade. here's our business correspondent emma simpson. it's big business
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delivering parcels. these days, most of them contain our internet shopping. it's 9pm at dhl‘s vast depot at east midlands airport and things are getting busy. each night we process 190,000 shipments through this facility. and it is growing. dhl has invested or than £150 million expanding this site to keep up with demand. the pace has changed incredibly. a few years ago we wouldn't have seen any e—commerce or online shipping products coming to this organisation, now we are seeing 60% of the uk volume is all e—commerce. what does that tell you? it tells us that is the way forward, that is where the future is. location is key. this region is making the most of its good connections, next door, a vast distribution park is taking shape, the east midlands gateway. high street shops may be shutting, but this part of retail
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is growing at breakneck speed. we've commissioned research, which shows that over the last decade 235 million square feet of warehouse space has been leased or bought. that is double compared with the previous decade and more than half of it has been built from scratch. like this. and the proportion going to retail has doubled too, with 2018 set to be a record year. 0ver there is the airport. the boss told me there are now almost as many planes with cargo as passengers. passenger flights tend to be during the daytime hours, then what happens overnight, we really come to life with the cargo activity, which is all about that next day delivery. and so we see phenomenal growth, maybe 19, 20 planes per hour that is literally bringing cargo in or taking it out in the country,
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ready for that next day. 0ur changing shopping habits are creating thousands of new, very differentjobs and infrastructure. a journey which still has a long way to run. a second tribute to remember those killed in the grenfell tower fire will take place today on the second day of the notting hill carnival. the event is being policed by 7000 officers today, the highest number for six years. metal detectors are also in place, in an attempt to reduce the risk of knife crime. it's hoped the measures will make the carnival safer and more enjoyable for everyone. 0ur reporter noel phillips is there. the three and a half mile long parade route will feature 15,000 dancers and some 30 million sequences. let me show you what they look like and try to speak to
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a few people. hi, guys. you are live on bbc news. what's your names? cherry. bianca. that outfit. how long did it take? it takes about 30 minutes. what is incredible, the fact that you have to keep your head very still because you have to control that big massive feather on your head. that is some talent! i am a nice peacock. it is light, really nice, like a princess. massive police presence here for the first time since last year. 7000 police officers on patrol, metal detectors on the street. how do you guys feel about that, safe? a bit safe, but there is still crime. with the police, helping us as masqueraders, keeping us safe, so it is better than before.
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also, this is the 70th anniversary of the windrush generation, of course. migrants who came from the caribbean islands, and who are in some ways responsible for this carnival. how important is it we remembered on what they did for this country? very important because our grandparents, before that, mums, dad, they represented and it is our turn to represent where we are from, all the countries coming together, and we just have fun. speaking of fun, you have to show us dance. how do you guys dance? very quickly. that's it! you get the sense that the party is now under way. police made 133 arrests yesterday, 42 people detained for drug offences, so they will be keeping an eye on how that unfolds throughout the day and plenty


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