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tv   BBC News  BBC News  August 27, 2018 4:00pm-4:31pm BST

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this is bbc news, i'm sean ley. the headlines at four. the united nations says military leaders in myanmar should be investigated for genocide against the country's rohingya muslims. food prices are expected to rise in the coming months as farmers feel the effects of this year's extreme weather. a mother and her daughter have been stabbed to death in the street in solihull. also this hour: the building boom fuelling the uk's obsession with online shopping. with almost one in five sales now made on the internet rather than on the high street, warehouse space has doubled injust a decade. and in half an hour, bbc world's luis fajardo examines controversial plans to create privatised cities in the impoverished central american country of honduras. good afternoon.
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un human rights investigators say military leaders in myanmar should be investigated for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, and called for them to be referred to the international criminal court. in an unprecedented move, the investigators named six top generals, including the commander in chief of the armed forces, and his deputy. un investigators interviewed hundreds of victims and found evidence of rape, torture and murder against the rohingya predominately in myanmar‘s rakhine state. more than 700,000 of them have fled to bangladesh. from geneva, our correspondent, imogen foulkes. a systematic campaign of murder, torture, rape and against myanmar‘s rohingya muslims, extermination. patterns of violence which have been going on in myanmarfor decades and for which the un investigators say the country's top military leaders bear clear responsibility.
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this report contains details of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. now, it's highly unusualfor un investigators to publicly name those they believe responsible. this time, they say the evidence is overwhelming. six generals are named in the report. a longer list of names has been stored at the un for further investigation. the team interviewed over 800 victims and witnesses and heard accounts of gang rape, of children killed in front of their parents, and of entire villages burned to the ground. they showed me their scars. they showed me where it happened to them. i could just see from their bodies and others, these people were deeply, deeply wounded. you know, it's not only about justice for victims. it's also deterring future activity. if you allow this to go without any kind of sanction, then every army in the world will think they can do this.
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the investigators were also highly critical of myanmar‘s political leader, aung san suu kyi, who they say failed to use her position as head of government or her moral authority to prevent the violence. the next step, the report says, is to refer myanmar to the international criminal court. imogen foulkes, bbc news, geneva. and imogen foulkes has been speaking to radhika coomaraswamee, who is a member of the un investigation team, and asked her first what led to the decision to name names. well, because there was overwhelming evidence of crimes being committed. and what struck us was the kind of effective control that they had over the military operations. not only in the rakhine, but also in otherstates.
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but also in other states. so that's the word that guided us, but effective control. in myanmar, there are so many actors, players, ethnic groups. so we wanted make sure that people understood who we felt for the greatest responsibility. and that's why we named people, to make it very clear that we feel it is a high command that was responsible for a lot of these violations, in terms of command responsibility. we think that the state councillor, aung san suu kyi, has a tremendous moral authority and also a position on the government to use her presence to try and prevent or condemn, or in some way, i think, stop the process or really
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condemn the process at the very minimum. and also, i think we felt that she should have been more responsive to what was taking place on the ground. what stands out for you in this report? well, what stands out for all of us was that very first visit to cox's bazar. just about two or three weeks after it took place. and of course, as a special representative, i have been to war zones. this was very raw. we met the people as they were coming out. and i was assigned the task of talking to victims of sexual violence. and it was truly horrific. i mean, people say now these things were made up. i mean, they showed me their scars. they showed me what had happened. i can see from their bodies and others that these people were deeply, deeply wounded.
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so i think those memories will stick with all of us, that first visit, just two or three weeks after the conflict started. radika coomerasamy, of the un rohingya investigations team there. new research suggests that the price of meat, vegetables and dairy products will rise by at least 5% in the coming months because of this year's extreme weather. the centre for economics and business research said the winter freeze, followed by the recent heatwave, had put huge strain on farming costs and yields. duncan kenendy has this report. 2018 has been a year of weather extremes, from the beast in the east to the wilting temperatures of high summer. for many farmers, the buffeting of the seasons has brought pressures that will soon have an impact on consumers. we've really had to buy in a lot of supplementary feed to feed the cows. we have fed this winter's silage which we would normally feed during the winter, we've had to feed to the cows during the summer and so we're running out of feed and having
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to buy in a significant amount of supplementary feed to feed the cows today and we're looking at a huge feeding bill for this winter. that will put our feed price up by about 4p per litre. now an economics research group says farmers‘ costs and the struggle to produce enough food is pushing up wholesale vegetable prices and some dairy prices. between march and july, the farm gate price — the price of produce direct from the farmer — rocketed. carrots went up 80%. there was a 41% rise in the cost of onions. the wheat needed for bread went up 20%. and the price of butter climbed 24%. the researchers say all this has a knock—on effect and with some other products here and in europe also set to get more expensive, the monthly shopping bill will go up. we expect it will cost uk consumers £45 million per week and that equates to £7.15
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per month per household. a spokesman for the department for food and rural affairs told us it's not only the weather that affects food prices. it says it has taken steps to help affected farmers and that high temperatures have helped some food and wine producers. farmers say consumers can help them best by paying the price they need to stay in business. duncan kennedy, bbc news. a mother and her daughter have been stabbed to death in the street in solihull. the women, who were 49 and 22, were found between midnight and one o'clock this morning. officers say they're making "urgent attempts" to locate a male suspect, who is known to the victims. 0ur correspondent dan johnson is in solihull. crime scene investigators are still busy at work here, examining all the evidence, because they have a double murder to investigate. a mother and her daughter both stabbed to death
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here at about half past midnight, while neighbours have described hearing screams around that time. they heard a man shouting in a foreign language and then they said they saw him driving away in a van and police say their main suspect is someone known to both victims here, although they have not clarified what relationship that is or who he is. detectives have appealed to him to hand himself in. neighbours say they did not know a great deal about this family and they have not been named, but there is urgency to this search for the man they believe is responsible for this double killing. the people's vote campaign, which wants a new referendum on brexit, is attempting to change labour party policy. that's according to a leaked memo. it wants mps and activists to submit a motion at the labour conference next month, committing the party to backing a new referendum on the final brexit deal. 0ur correspondent, jonathan blake, says that whilst the government has ruled out a second referendum, labour's policy is slightly more nuanced.
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they say they will respect the result of the 2016 brexit vote, but all options should be on the table if a deal is rejected by parliament, so people's vote are nudging at what they see something as a door ajar here. this memo has gone out to all their members suggesting those who are labour party members should submit a motion to the labour party conference next month which would call for people being allowed to express their views in a public vote on brexit. but the conference as a whole would have to decide that was a topic that should be debated. then it would need the support of at least some ofjeremy corbyn‘s supporters on the left of the labour party and they will see this potentially as a way of undermining his leadership, which is why people's vote have been clear that this should not be used as a way of attacking jeremy corbyn. also, labour potentially risk alienating some of its supporters who voted in favour of brexit in the first place. it is far from certain that labour
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will change their policy, but it is probably the people's vote‘s campaign getting of getting what they want to happen, another referendum on brexit, turning into a reality. earlier i spoke to brendan chilton, of the labour leave group, for his take on the people's vote campaign. there is nothing wrong with trying to change policy. the labour party conference is the sovereign body for policy making and for debating policies within the labour party. however, i think it would be a tremendous folly to try and change party policy on this issue, given the enormous support our brexit manifesto achieved in the last general election. your manifesto was a manifesto for government and people might not have just been supporting you because of your position on brexit. no, but the labour party has made it very clear that we accept the outcome of the referendum.
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jeremy corbyn was the first major uk party political leader to call for article 50 to be invoked. 70% of labour constituencies voted to leave the european union. we have the top leave constituencies represented by labour mps and of course our manifesto last year committed to ending freedom of movement, to leaving the european union and to accepting the outcome. given that we won back millions of ukip supporters and held on to many marginal seats, many of which voted leave, i think it would be a political error to try and change that policy now. i suppose the difficulty with this is the kind of cleavages it causes across parties. you have the leading leave constituencies, and some of your mps also represent some of the leading remain constituencies, not least in london. this is why it is so difficult to resolve this in party political terms, and isn't that the advantage of having a second referendum? the result may be exactly the same, but then in a sense you can get around the problems it is causing
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not just for your party but for the conservatives too? well, the referendum itself was very simple. the british people were asked if they wished to leave the european union and the majority of those who participated in that referendum said yes. it wasn't an advisory referendum. it was an instruction upon the government to get on with delivering what the people were asked, which is to leave. the labour party has said it accepts that. since the referendum we have had many labour figures, senior labourfigures, giving speeches and making comments on what would happen if we denied the will of the people, or if we try to change the result. barry gardiner not so long ago, our shadow international trade secretary, highlighted that social unrest could be caused if we ignored the will of the people and said anything other than a full brexit would leave the united kingdom in the position of a vassal state and so i think labour needs to just get on with this, support the government where we can, hold them to account and focus on what our policies will look
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like outside the european union instead of trying to rerun the last referendum. the headlines on bbc news: the united nations says military leaders in myanmar should be investigated for genocide against the country's rohingya muslims. food prices are expected to rise in the coming months as farmers feel the effects of this year's extreme weather. a mother and her daughter have been stabbed to death in the street in solihull. sport and for a full round up, from the bbc sport centre, here's hugh woozencroft. good afternoon. tottenham play at manchester united
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in the premier league later with plenty of optimism within spurs that they can get a rare away win at old trafford. given the difficult week for united boosjose mourinho, following their defeat to brighton last weekend, it's led to question marks over a perceived defensive style but mourinho is clear on what he wants from his side. a winning style. don't make defensive mistakes, be dominant, create chances, score goals, and get the three points. you want to win all the time, you want to play well all the time. you don't want to make mistakes. that's what you always want. we needs to improve winning against some clubs away, like manchester united. in the last four years that we play them, we lose for different reasons, playing well, in some games not so well, but it's a massive challenge for us to go to manchester united and show that we are capable to win.
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scottish premiership leaders hearts say their manager craig levein is recovering well having been taken to hospital this morning. levein was in the dugout for saturday's win over kilmarnock and although the club say no further comment will be made at this time, they did wish levein "a speedy recovery" in a statement. his assistant austin macphee will take over first—team duties until his return. scotland have named uncapped hearts defenderjohn souttar in their squad for next month's matches against belgium and albania. the 21—year—old is one of six defenders selected, with jack hendry and graeme shinnie also included by alex mcleish. scotland host belgium in a friendly next friday before taking on albania in their opening match of the nations league on the 10th of september, also at hampden. there's been a blow for wasps today with the news fly—half jimmy gopperth could be out for up to 9 months. gopperth has had knee ligament reconstruction after suffering the injury in a pre—season friendly.
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with danny cipriani having left the club in the summer, and star signing lima sopoaga yet to arrive from new zealand, wasps are currently light in the playmaking positions ahead of the new campaign. there was a brilliant weekend for british basketball, as the men won the wheelchair basketball world championships, beating the usa in the final. the gb team claimed a 79—62 win over the rio paralympic champions, for what is their first global gold medal. it was their first defeat for four yea rs. it was their first defeat for four years. a little bit surreal. you a lwa ys years. a little bit surreal. you always expect it in a game with the united states. but with two minutes to go in any normal game that is game over, that i had it in the back of my mind, you never know, you have seen amazing things happen in sport, so seen amazing things happen in sport, soi seen amazing things happen in sport, so i was still focus on finishing that and not blowing the lid that much. andy murray makes his
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grand slam return at the us open later. having missed wimbledon to help build his fitness, having returned from nearly a year out with a hip injury. he faces australia's james duckworth in the first round and having dropped to 382 in the world, murray feels great to be back at the scene of his first grand slam success. i have great memories from new york overall, from juniors through the first slam final to then obviously winning my first grand slam here, so, yeah. i have lots of great memories. i'm happy i'm able to be back, competing again here. it was tough, missing it last year. i was pretty upset at the time so i am really pleased to be back and i will try to enjoy it as much as i can. you can follow the latest from the women's t 20 super league matches in loughborough on the bbc sport website. loughborough on the bbc sport website. that's all the sport for now. investigations are continuing
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in florida after last night's fatal shooting at a video game tournament in jacksonville. 24—year—old david katz, from maryland, shot two people dead at the jacksonville landing shopping and entertainment complex, injuring at least 11 others. he then killed himself. unconfirmed reports say katz had become angry after losing a round of the madden nfl american football game. shopping online has become the norm for millions of us. almost one in five sales are now made on the internet rather than on the high street. it means there's been a building boom in retail distribution centres that get our products to us. warehouse space has doubled injust a decade. here's our business correspondent emma simpson. it's big business, delivering parcels. these days, most of them contain our internet shopping. it's 9pm at dhl‘s vast depot at east midlands airport and things are getting busy. each night, we process 190,000 shipments through this facility. and it's growing.
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dhl has invested more than £150 million expanding this site to keep up with demand. the pace of change is incredible. a few years ago, we wouldn't have seen any e—commerce or online shipping parcels come through this organisation. now we are seeing 60% of the uk volume is all e—commerce. what does that tell you? it tells us that's the way forward, that's where the future is. location is key. this region is making the most of its good connections. next door, a vast new distribution park is taking shape, the east midlands gateway. high street shops may be shutting but this part of retail is growing at breakneck speed. we've commissioned research which shows that over the last decade, 235 million square feet of warehouse space has been leased or bought. that's double compared with the previous decade.
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more than half of it has been built from scratch, like this. the proportion going to retail has doubled, too, with 2018 set to be a record year. 0ver there is the airport. the boss told me there are now almost as many planes with cargo as passengers. passenger flights tend to be during the daytime hours. then what happens overnight, we really come to life with the cargo activity which is all about that next day delivery. so we've seen phenomenal growth, maybe 19, 20 planes per hour, literally bringing the cargo in or taking it out of the country ready for the next day. 0ur changing shopping habits are creating thousands of new, very differentjobs and infrastructure, a journey which still has a long way to run. emma simpson, bbc news, east midlands airport.
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some breaking news. the foreign 0ffice some breaking news. the foreign office says jeremy hunt, some breaking news. the foreign 0ffice sasteremy hunt, the british foreign secretary, is to visit me and mark in the coming days in order to seek answer to the questions raised by the investigation which suggests crimes against humanity, crimes of genocide were committed by military leaders in the treatment of the rohingya minority muslim community, 700,000 of whom have led to the neighbouring bangladesh after the crackdown began almost a year ago to this month. jeremy hunt will be under quite a lot of pressure to challenge aung san suu kyi, the civilian leader of the country, over her response to the crackdown. over her response to the crackdown. a special tribute has been observed on the second day of the notting hill carnival to remember those killed in grenfell tower fire last summer. a 72—second silence was observed at 3 o' clock to respect the 72 people who died at the block
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which is close to the parade. more than a million people are expected to have attended the festival. the metropolitan police say 133 people were arrested at the event yesterday, and 20 weapons were seized. 0ur correspondent noel phillips is in notting hill for us today. has anyone asked you to dance yet? not yet. but what i can show you is a lot of people dancing. up to a million people will have taken to the street in west london to celebrate this incredible caribbean festival. it is the final day and people have been having a lot of fun. an hour ago they all came to a standstill to remember the 72 victims who lost their lives in the g re nfell tower. victims who lost their lives in the grenfell tower. the tower is just over a mile away from where we are and it is something that remains on people's minds. in terms of policing
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yesterday 133 people were arrested. so far today the mets have told us a further a0 have been arrested and so far it has been relatively safe. we stopped a few people who have been dancing. what is your name? i am no oil. hello, knowle, iam noel. your outfit is incredible. it is an elephant, but i have lost their headpiece. i lost it to go to the toilet. this is the back part. you look incredible. your shoes are a very high as well. yes, they are gold boots. tell me a little bit more about what this carnival means to you. despite your age, with all respect, you still seem to be standing. a lot of people are on the floor. i have been doing carnival
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and notting hill gate from 1968 when i arrived from trinidad. i have been in the carnival club since 1981 and since then i have been the king of the band. so that is it. this year we we re the band. so that is it. this year we were playing a celebration. it was called moon rush. elephants never forget. the windrush generation, your generation, were instrumental in starting this carnival. how important is it that we continue to remember them? the fa ct we continue to remember them? the fact is these people came here to work and they were brought here. as a result they should be remembered, they should not be treated as second—class citizens. when i came here i did not come with the
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windrush, i came here to work. i was 0k. windrush, i came here to work. i was ok. i was accepted. you are making a lot of people proud. how old are you? 76. 76 and you are still standing in your outfit. give me a high five. you get the sense that this carnival remains one of the greatest exports from the caribbean. people i noel and his generation are having a fantastic time. i want to show you the top of kensington fire station and people partying. that is the scene on the street right now and we expect the scenes to continue for the next couple of hours. back to you. i am convinced somebody will ask you to dance before the end of the evening. i always thought elephants never forget. he the evening. i always thought elephants neverforget. he has forgotten his trunk, but at least he
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remembers where it is. abb will get to see him again. —— maybe we will get to see him again. this friday marks 21 years since the death of princess diana — and this week we're hearing from the winners of the diana award, an award established in the princess's memory to celebrate young people who have gone above and beyond to change the world for the better. earlier, i spoke to benjamin bennett, who is one of the diana award winners. he won the award for his fight against discrimination and prejudice towards the traveller community. he told me some of the discrimination he has experienced. the discrimination i've faced is, you know, it's for as long as i can remember. the first time that i started in school was, from what i remember, that's when it actually started for me. and i've been to 1a different schools, and i've faced discrimination in every one of them. most of the time, it was by members of staff. really? you know, and the most recent event that happened in a school was last year and it led to me and my sister being attacked by 16 boys.
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and one of them tried to gouge out my eye and actually broke my right hand as well, and attacked my sister as well. that must have been terrifying to face that and to try and deal with it. how do you respond to the kind of day—to—day stuff? i mean, the violence is one thing, butjust the kind of almost — from what you were saying — the experience of almost routine, low—level, constant kind of name—calling and suspicion? most of the things that i do to get through that is just tell people, you know? don'tjudge me because you have an idea what my community is about. and i'll help that person, or persons, who are discriminating me for who i am or have suspicions about me because of my community. i'll actually help them and say, look, i'm not like that and the stereotype that you have about my community is actually not true.
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and don't paint everyone with the same brush. and there's good and bad in every community, you know, so don'tjustjudge one whole group of a community and paint them all with the same brush as being villains. is that the hardest thing, to know that people look at you and they assume they know you and they've made already judgments about you, just because of your background? it is hard, you know, to feel, because it makes you feel like you're not accepted within society. but the best thing that i can do for myself — and the best thing that i've always done and my parents have always encouraged me to do from being a young age — is help people to understand that the community isn't like that at all. don'tjudge people as a whole, judge people as individuals. and one of the best things that i learnt growing up is, treat people how you want to be treated. and that's always the thing that helped me with my work and all the suffering that i faced in school. you've spoken at the equality
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and human rights commission and you've been before some quite senior people in suits, and in some kind of grand venues. what sort of ambitions do you have for the future? how would you like to take this work forward? speaking at the equality and human rights commission was amazing. it was a wonderful chance for me to be able to tell those people that can make the changes, you know, what needs to change and what needs to stay the same. but also, i can help them improve on where they're going wrong, you know? and my ambition for the future was to, is to be prime minister, you know, and i'd love to be prime minister. it's one of my ambitions. and why would you like to do that, finally? i'd love to be prime minister because i can help people that are facing through the same things that i've gone through,


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