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tv   BBC News  BBC News  August 28, 2018 2:00am-2:30am BST

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: a new nafta? president trump says he's reached agreement with mexico over a new trade deal. it has been a long time, and this is something that is very special for our manufacturers and for ourfarmers from both countries. myanmar‘s government rejects claims of "genocidal intent" made against its top generals in a un—backed report. after a muder in the germany city of chemnitz, thousands of far—right demonstrators clash with anti—fascist protesters in a second evening of violence. and the threat to the american military base on diego garcia. mauritius wants the island back and it's winning international support. the us and mexico have agreed to overhaul the north american free
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trade agreement, known as nafta. president trump was quick to hail the development as an important step towards an "incredible" deal that was "much more fair". but the final shape of the agreement is far from clear. canada, the third country in the treaty has not been part of the negotiations with mexico. us and american officials are due to resume trade talks on tuesday, although donald trump has said he's not committed to a three—country agreement. we'll go over all those details in a moment, but first here is the president commenting on the talks with mexico. it has been a long time, and this is something that is very special for our manufacturers and for our farmers from both countries, for all of the people to work forjobs. it is also a great trade and it makes it a much more fair bill and we are very, very excited about it. we have worked long and hard. your representatives have been terrific. my representatives have been fantastic too.
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they have gotten along very well. they have worked late into the night for months. it's an extremely complex bill. it is something i think that will be talked about for many years to come. let's cross live to washington and speak to the bbc‘s david willis. we know it is incredible and fantastic, what about the other responses? classic hyperbole from donald trump there. incredible, possibly the best trade deal ever reached. mexico, i have to say, is pretty pleased as well but the big question here is what does canada make of all this? to give you a bit of background, president trump vowed even on the campaign trail that he wa nted even on the campaign trail that he wanted to withdraw, tear up the nafta agreement, which he said was horrible and was costing american
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manufacturing job. he has reached this agreement with mexico, but the canadians are still in the dark, their trade negotiator is on her way to the united states for talks. president trump has said that he would like to wrap this up i the end of the week. it remains to be seen, of the week. it remains to be seen, of course, how the canadians negotiate with a gun to their head. what is likely to happen, if anything? does that make any different to donald trump? anything? does that make any different to donald trump7m anything? does that make any different to donald trump? it is interesting. lot of people at have a sta ke interesting. lot of people at have a stake in this. republicans who are at our running for re—election in october would like to have some sort of deal in place to protect their farmers, to protect anybody who has an interest in trade with canada and mexico. mexico has an interest with this because 80% of its trade is
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done with north america and president trump in a take it or leave it noted, has said to the canadians if you don't reach agreement with us and sign up to this, we'll make it a bilateral deal instead of a trilateral deal and we might even slap tariffs on canadian exports of cars. so, a lot of trading and dealing to be done over the next few days here, mike. david, thank you very much. myanmar has rejected the result of a un investigation which accused the country's military leaders of crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide against rohingya muslims. the inquiry found evidence of murder, rape and torture against rohingya, mostly in myanmar‘s rakhine state. hundreds of thousands have been forced to flee into bangladesh and it's from there that nick beake filed this report. a warning there are distressing accounts and flash photography. for a year now in this bleak landscape the rohingya have been suffering.
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bereaved, uprooted, lost, giving harrowing accounts of the brutality they say they suffered at the hands of the myanmar military. today we met rashid. he says they murdered itwo of his relatives. translation: they made the men stand and the women and children squat on the ground. then they opened fire and killed the men. then they took the women inside the house and set it on fire. he is convinced it was genocide and so while he welcomed today's call for the top generals to be tried for that crime, he thinks it's all too late for so many. translation: ifjustice is done, then people who are living will see it. but what about those who were slaughtered ? my mother, my brothers, my nephews, my uncles, can they bring them back?
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they can't do it. tula toli is the village in myanmar from which rashid fled. the killing, rape and arson here is said to be have been part of a co—ordinated campaign by the army. you know it's not only about justice for victims, but it's also deterring future activity. if we allow this to go without any kind of sanction, then every army in the world will think they can do this. this is the most detailed and blistering criticism yet of the actions of myanmar‘s military last year, actions which forced hundreds of thousands of rohingya people to flee across the border to these camps where they are still trapped. but there's also strong criticism of myanmar‘s civilian government, in particular its nobel peace prize winning leader, aung san suu kyi. she's accused of failing to use her moral authority to prevent the violence and that by ignoring the plight of the rohingya, her government made it easierfor the crimes to be carried out. tonight, myanmar rejected the un report as flawed and one—sided.
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the army has always claimed it was only clearing out militants, a claim now wholly rejected by the united nations. bringing commander—in—chief, ming aung hlaing, and his comrades to court will not be easy, but today feels like a significant step forward in the pursuit ofjustice for the rohingya people. nick beake, bbc news on the myanmar—bangladesh border. hundreds of far—right protesters have gathered in the eastern german city of chemnitz in response to a fatal stabbing on sunday morning. a syrian and an iraqi man have been arrested on suspicion of murder. the protesters are calling for an end to immigration, and there are reports of outbreaks of violence. andrew plant reports. the east german city of chemnitz, in
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front of its karl—marx memorial, several thousand initiators chanting anti—immigration slogans. police reported seeing hitler salutes too. tensions here are high after a german man was stabbed on sunday, a syrian and an iraqi men were arrested and a wave of anti—immigration protest took to the streets. translation: now is the time to remain calm and levelheaded. police are investigating and the prosecuting authorities are doing theirjob. chemnitz prosecuting authorities are doing their job. chemnitz will prosecuting authorities are doing theirjob. chemnitz will not allow theirjob. chemnitz will not allow the perpetrators of violence and anarchist to run rampant on our streets. we will it enforce a rule of law. police warned masked demonstrators in the city, which is 200 qantas south of the capital early on, that their actions were being filmed. flowers have been laid
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with a 35 your old man was stabbed to death. —— —year—old man. in the hours after the killing, far right groups took to social media to call for public demonstrations against immigration is. translation: for public demonstrations against immigration is. translatiosz for public demonstrations against immigration is. translation: it does exist, the right—wing extremist scene which rears its head every once in awhile. there is also a certain mixture of different groups. for example, foot all fans. —— football. in 2015, germany gave him to more than a million migrants, any from the middle east, stands that proved unpopular with many voters. in chemnitz, counter demonstrators called for calm and tolerance of. there are reports that immigrants have suffered abuse in the city in the wake of the stepping. chancellor angela merkel said germany would not tolerate vigilantes justice. local prosecutors said the two suspects we re prosecutors said the two suspects were still being questioned. andrew
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plant, bbc news. let's get some of the day's other news. one of the world's biggest car markers, the japanese company, toyota, has announced a $500 million investment in the american ride—sharing firm, uber. the businesses will work together on developing self—driving cars. uber‘s plans suffered a severe setback earlier this year when a pedestrian in arizona was killed by one of its self—driving vehicles. iran has asked the international court ofjustice to lift the sanctions imposed by the us after it abandoned the deal on tehran‘s nuclear programme. iran's lawyer said the us aimed to damage the country's economy "as severely as possible" and had violated a little—known 1955 friendship treaty. the us is expected to argue that the sanctions do not breach the treaty. the french president, emmanuel macron, has said that europe needs to face up to its security responsibilities and can no longer rely on the us alone. he said the alliances in place were still relevant, but that the balances and mechanisms on which they were built needed to be revisited. donald trump has issued his first official,
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non—social media statement on the death of senatorjohn mccain. it came after a row over flying the us flag at half—mast at the white house. the flag was lowered at the weekend, raised again early on monday only to be lowered back, apparently due to public pressure. the president also confirmed reports he will not attend senator mccain's —— the president also confirmed reports he will not attend senator mccain's funeral next weekend. from washington, nick bryant reports. washington withoutjohn mccain is a lesser place. he was a human landmark, an american hero whose broken body personified the land of the brave. flags at the us capitol remained at half—mast in honour of his sacrifice and service. but, at the white house, where the flag was lowered at the weekend, there was no such act of ongoing remembrance earlier on today. in a tweet over the weekend, donald trump paid his deep sympathy is and respect to the mccain family, but had no kind words for the man himself.
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trump: thank you very much. reporter: mr president, do you have any thoughts on john mccain? do you have any thoughts at all on john mccain? that presidential silence continued today. do you thinkjohn mccain was a hero, sir? staffer: guys, let's go, keep moving. with the american legion strongly urging the commander—in—chief to honour this war hero and former prisoner of war, there was finally a presidential change of view, if not heart. we just got this statement from the president: "despite our differences on policy and politics, i respect senatorjohn mccain's service to our country, and in his honour have signed a proclamation to fly the flag of the united states at half staff until the day of his internment." but it still doesn't call him a hero. so tonight, the stars & stripes was lowered again at the white house in that rare thing, a presidential climbdown. but the flag row has come to symbolise a broader debate as to who best embodies the values of modern america, donald trump orjohn mccain. nick bryant, bbc news, washington.
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stay with us on bbc news. still to come: it's there in black and white, this panda has artistic talent say its keepers in vienna zoo. he's the first african—american to win the presidential nomination of a major party, and he accepts exactly 45 years ago to the day that martin luther king declared "i have a dream." as darkness falls tonight, an unfamiliar light will appear in the south—eastern sky. an orange glowing disk that is brighter than anything save the moon — our neighbouring planet mars. there is no doubt that this election is an important milestone in the birth of east timor as the world's newest nation. it'll take months and billions of dollars to repair what katrina achieved injust hours. three weeks is the longest the great
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clock has been off duty in 117 years, so it was with great satisfaction that clock maker john vernon swung the pendulum to set the clock going again. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: after a year of talks, the united states and mexico have reached agreement on a new trade deal. the mexican president—elect has said canada needs to be included too. the myanmar government has rejected a un report that accused its military leaders of genocidal intent towards rohingya muslims. as the british prime minister arrives in africa to discuss trade, the uk is facing an increasingly bitter tug—of—war with one of its former african colonies, mauritius. the two countries are divided over the chagos islands,
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a former british colony in the indian ocean, which used to be part of mauritius but which was detached in 1965 and is now home to a major american military base on diego garcia. next week, mauritius will argue before the united nations' top court, the international court ofjustice, that britain should return the chagos islands. andrew harding sent this report. it's a serene setting for a diplomatic storm. today, the tiny tourist paradise of mauritius is taking on the british government, and against all odds, it may be winning. at stake, the fate of these slivers of land, the chagos islands. legally they belong to britain. decades ago, the entire population was thrown off the islands by british troops so that the largest atol, diego garcia, could be converted into a military base for the united states. at the time, mauritius
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wanted to keep the islands but it was still a british colony. prime minister harold wilson told a mauritian delegation the fate of the chagos islands was non—negotiable. only one person at that meeting is still alive today to recall wilson's ultimatum to the mauritian leader. he told him, "if you don't agree to what i am proposing, then forget about independence, you will go back, mauritius will remain our colony. it will belong to us, will do what we want. blackmail then? that was real blackmail. today on mauritius, those families deported from the chagos islands conjure up the tastes and smells of home. and sing laments about the paradise the british forced them to leave. sammy was 36 when he left. now he's 81.
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"we even had to leave our dog behind," he remembers. "i just want to go home so i can die there in peace." for decades, britain has said no. but now a team of international lawyers is helping mauritius to fight back to try to reclaim the islands. and, quite unexpectedly, at the united nations, the world is backing mauritius against britain. one way of looking at this story is of truly the end of empire and the end of colonialism. coinciding with the moment where britain seems to be turning inward, losing on a serious scale its international support. but that hasn't stopped britain from playing tough. sources close to the mauritian government have told us they were threatened by the then foreign secretary, borisjohnson. i must say that unfortunately
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we have been threatened with retaliation, in terms of trade, in terms of politics. by britain? by britain and by the americans also. this is boris johnson picking up the phone? well, i have had a number of people from the uk, from the us, talking to me. phoning you up and threatening you? well, we have had verbal threats, i must say. it's a remarkable claim — did the british government threaten a trade war with tiny mauritius, a close ally? the foreign office wouldn't respond to that question, but said: an old british fort looms over
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the capital of mauritius, a reminder of past power struggles. today, britain is being dragged reluctantly to court over this territorial dispute. the un's highest tribunal will hear arguments next week. for generations, britain has clung on to the crumbs of its old empire, that was one of the perks of being a global power. but today, the alliances, the deals that underpinned all that are wobbling. and out here in the middle of the indian ocean, we're starting to see the results. there's no guarantee yet that the islanders will be allowed back home, that mauritius will win what it sees as a battle for its full independence. but britain's grip is weakening and the hopes of those it exiled so long ago are getting stronger. andrew harding, bbc news, mauritius. we will keep a track of that story
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and what happens there. let's go back to the main story, is there a new nafta? back to the main story, is there a new nafta ? company back to the main story, is there a new nafta? company has said he's reached a new agreement with mexico ofa reached a new agreement with mexico of a trade deal, we could call it a new nafta if canada was involved and it isa new nafta if canada was involved and it is a three party deal, but it is not. philip cross is an economic analyst, and hejoins us now from ottawa in canada. philip, what does canada think about this, how difficult a position does it put your country in? it's in a lot worse position than at the beginning of these talks. any time a country gets isolated in trade talks, when it appears to be two against one now and the other two have agreed to something, that's going to put a lot of drescher on canada to make concessions and go along with what the americans and mexicans have already negotiated.
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one of the difficulties i guess is the sunset clause, so—called, isn't it? why is that so vital? with the sunset clause, that would put a lot of pressure on firms to make their investments in the united states. if they're not assured you're going to have access to the american market, which is the name of the game in all this, if that could be taken away in even five or ten years and you're making investments with a lifespan of 25 and 30 years, you're going to make that investment in the united states to make sure you have access to the american market. so the sunset clause has been vital for probably canada most importantly all along. i think the americans knew this. it's quite disappointing to canada that mexico, knowing this was so canada that mexico, knowing this was so important to canada, went ahead and negotiated this with the united states on a bilateral basis. time will tell how much they kept canada informed on this, but apparently not very much. what do you think canada
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can do about this situation? very much. what do you think canada can do about this situation7m very much. what do you think canada can do about this situation? it puts canada ina can do about this situation? it puts canada in a berry difficult position. you saw trump today when he announced he had reached a deal with mexico, the very pointedly said if canada cannot come to the table and makea if canada cannot come to the table and make a deal by friday then he's going to put tariffs on the automotive industry, that's the key leverage the us can use in all this. the most important thing for canada above everything else is maintaining the axis of our auto industry to the united states, so trump has honed in very well on the weakness of canada and saying that if you don't agree with this very quickly we're going to ta ke with this very quickly we're going to take away the thing that's most important for you. so this is going to put a lot of pressure on canada to put a lot of pressure on canada to make some concessions and come to a deal quickly. talking of leverage, the president has a point when he says the us has suffering under a bad nafta deal. the us could have extracted more in the initial deal? i would argue it really wasn't a bad
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dealfor anybody, i would argue it really wasn't a bad deal for anybody, but unquestionably the us holds the whip hand in all of this. the whole point of free trade for canada and mexico is to get access to that big american market. canada especially is a very small country compared to the us, we don't have the economies of scale and the population base the us has. so access to the american market is vital for access to the american market is vitalfor us. access to the american market is vital for us. the americans access to the american market is vitalfor us. the americans probably didn't extract all the concessions they could have in the initial nafta deal. in the original trade deal with the united states, canada put about a quarter of its economy off—limits to the us. there was a management deal that predicted agriculture and there was also protection for banking, telecommunications and for a number of our key industries. the us kind of our key industries. the us kind of went along with this. they didn't agree for their banking system to be put off limits. they made a lot of concessions to canada and they're coming back now and saying, we want
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more. and they're probably going to get more. forgive me, i'm slightly out of time on this one, but sounds like we're going to be talking to you again on this one. thank you very useful. my pleasure. gustav klimt, egon schiele, alfred kubin, just a few of austria's best known painters. now you can add a new name to the list, yang yang. two minor issues — firstly, she's not technically austrian, and secondly, she's a panda. the bbc‘s tim allman explains. meet the artist in residence. 18 years old with the deftist of brushstrokes. yang yang is a mistress of the canvas... just as long as she's not feeling too peckish. translation: well, at first, she found the paintbrush very exciting. she pulled it towards her, sniffed it and took a bite, tasted it. it's important only natural materials were used. the paintbrushes are made from bamboo. then she learnt what the paintbrush is for, that pictures can be made from it, and it works really well. clearly her art is a little
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on the abstract side. impressionistic you might say. but there does seem to be some emotional connection to her work. translation: we decided to have the pictures painted in black because pandas are black and white, so she paints black on white. the paintings vary a lot. if she feels a bit more expressive then her paintings are bit wilder. sometimes they have relatively little paint on the canvas. it all depends on the mood of the day. the paintings are now on sale. 100 of them up for grabs, each one selling for more than $500. much more on all the news any time on the bbc website. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter, i'm @bbcmikeembley. thank you for watching. hello.
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as high pressure builds, the end of this week looks pretty quiet weatherwise. until then, though, a couple of weather systems to affect us. this is the big picture as tuesday begins. low pressure to the north—west of us already starting to feed some rain in towards the north—west of scotland. elsewhere, quiet start to the week. this weather system eventually will make an impact. so for this week's weather, there's a chance of rain. not everybody‘s going to see it and it may not amount to too much. there will also be quite a bit of dry and occasionally sunny weather particularly later this week, as we'll see. now, these are your starting numbers for tuesday morning. temperatures into double figures for many. maybe one or two mist and fog patches around. fair amount of cloud, don't expect too much in the way of morning sunshine. a breeze and outbreaks of rain into the western isles of scotland and this system is only very slowly pushing further south—east during the day. whereas ahead of that, we keep a good deal of cloud, a few breaks and a sunny spells to come through. outbreaks of rain will feed into the northern isles through the day and this weather
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system starting to see one or two showers breaking out. the rain will start to feed into the western side of northern ireland, leaving the best of the sunshine here in the east. across england and wales, after some misty and murky weather to begin with, some bright or sunny spells may keep low cloud into the south—west of england, one or two spots of drizzle. temperatures into the high teens, a few spots in the low 20s, average for the time of year. into tuesday night, we take some outbreaks of rain through scotland and northern ireland, and we introduce the possibility of seeing some thundery showers working into parts of southern england, maybe clipping parts of the midlands, into east anglia, certainly into the south—east by wednesday morning. slightly cooler behind the weather front as temperatures dip into single figures. for many, though, again, double figures as wednesday begins. two weather systems to look out for the big picture on wednesday. this one clipping into south—eastern parts moving away on this one tracking south—east across the uk. so eventually during wednesday, it looks like we'll say goodbye to this weather system,
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but still with some outbreaks of rain before it clears. but look how this weather system is weakening as it moves further south—east. one or two showers left behind. the cooler and fresher ad behind with sunny spells and showers to western scotland, one or two for northern ireland. temperatures into the high teens, just a few scraping into the low 20s, fairly close to average, maybe a little below in some spots. and then ny the end of the week, it's all looking very quiet because pressure is building, things are settling down. still a fair of cloud, though. the latest headlines: the us and mexico have reached agreement on a new trade deal between them after a year of negotiations. the deal would replace the north america free trade agreement — nafta. canada's foreign minister is due to travel to washington on tuesday for further talks on trade. donald trump now says he's not committed to country agreement. —— toa
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committed to country agreement. —— to a three country agreement. justin trudeau is heading to washington for urgent talks. myanmar has rejected a un investigation which accused its most senior military leaders of crimes against humanity, war crimes, and genocidal intent against rohingya muslims. myanmar‘s representative to the un called the report "one—sided". the un security council is expected to discuss the situation in myanmar later on tuesday. in germany, thousands of far—right demonstrators have clashed with antifascist protesters in the second evening of violence. the trouble began on sunday, when a young man was stabbed to death.
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