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tv   BBC News  BBC News  August 28, 2018 4:00am-4:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: a new nafta 7 president trump says he's reached agreement with mexico over a new trade deal. it's been a long time, and this is something that's very special for our manufacturers and for ourfarmers from both countries. myanmar‘s government rejects claims of genocidal intent against its top generals in a report backed by the un. after a murder in the germany city of chemnitz, a second evening of violence. thousands of far—right demonstrators clash with anti—fascist protesters. and the threat to the american military base on diego garcia. mauritius wants the island back and it's winning international support. hello and welcome to the programme.
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the us and mexico have agreed to overhaul the north american free trade agreement known as nafta. the north american free trade agreement known as nafta. president trump was quick to hail the development as an important step towards an incredible deal that was much more fair, but the final shape of the agreement is far from clear. canada, the third country in the treaty, has not been part of the negotiations with mexico. us and american officials are due to resume trade talks on tuesday, although donald trump has said he's not committed to a three—country agreement. we'll go over all those details in a moment, but first, here's the president commenting on the talks with mexico. it's been a long time, and this is something that's very special for our manufacturers and for our farmers from both countries, for all of the people that work forjobs. it's also a great trade and it makes it a much more fair bill and we are very, very excited about it. we have worked long and hard. your representatives have been terrific. my representatives have
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been fantastic too. they've gotten along very well. they've worked late into the night for months. it's an extremely complex bill. it's something i think that will be talked about for many years to come. the bbc‘s david willis is following events in washington. classic hyperbole from donald trump there. "incredible", "possibly the best trade deal ever reached". mexico, i have to say, is pretty pleased as well, but the big question here is what does canada make of all this? to give you a bit of background, president trump vowed even on the campaign trail that he wanted to withdraw, tear up the nafta agreement, which he said was horrible and that was costing american manufacturing jobs. he's reached this agreement with mexico, but the canadians are still in the dark, and their trade negotiator is on her way to the united states for talks.
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now, president trump has said that he would like to wrap this up by the end of the week. it remains to be seen, of course, how the canadians negotiate with a gun to their head. if the canadians are really unhappy with this, what is likely to happen, if anything? does that make any difference to donald trump? it is interesting. a lot of people have a stake in this. republicans, who are running for re—election in november, would like to have some sort of deal in place to protect their farmers, to protect anybody basically who has an interest in trade with canada and mexico. mexico has an interest in this because 80% of its trade is done with north america and president trump in a sort of "take it or leave it" mode, has said to the canadians if you don't reach agreement with us and sign up to this, we'll make it a bilateral deal instead of a trilateral deal and we
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might even slap tariffs on canadian exports of cars. so, a lot of trading and dealing to be done over the next few days here, mike. we'll let you. on this and stop you —— david willis there. myanmar has rejected the result of a un investigation which accused the country's military leaders of crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide against rohingya muslims. the inquiry found evidence of murder, rape and torture against rohingya, mostly in myanmar‘s rakhine state. hundreds of thousands have been forced to flee into bangladesh, and it's from there that nick beake filed this report. a warning, there are distressing accounts and flash photography. for a year now in this bleak landscape the rohingya have been suffering. bereaved, uprooted, lost, giving harrowing accounts
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of the brutality they say they suffered at the hands of the myanmar military. today we met rashid. he says they murdered 1two of his relatives. translation: they made the men stand and the women and children squat on the ground. then they opened fire and killed the men. then they took the women inside the house and set it on fire. he is convinced it was genocide and so while he welcomed today's call for the top generals to be tried for that crime, he thinks it's all too late for so many. translation: ifjustice is done, then people who are living will see it. but what about those who were slaughtered 7 my mother, my brothers, my nephews, my uncles, can they bring them back? they can't do it. tula toli is the village in myanmar from which rashid fled. the killing, rape and arson here is said to be have been part of a co—ordinated
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campaign by the army. you know it's not only about justice for victims, but it's also deterring future activity. if we allow this to go without any kind of sanction, then every army in the world will think they can do this. this is the most detailed and blistering criticism yet of the actions of myanmar‘s military last year, actions which forced hundreds of thousands of rohingya people to flee across the border to these camps where they are still trapped. but there's also strong criticism of myanmar‘s civilian government, in particular its nobel peace prize winning leader, aung san suu kyi. she's accused of failing to use her moral authority to prevent the violence and that by ignoring the plight of the rohingya, her government made it easierfor the crimes to be carried out.
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tonight, myanmar rejected the un report as flawed and one—sided. the army has always claimed it was only clearing out militants, a claim now wholly rejected by the united nations. bringing commander—in—chief, ming aung hlaing, and his comrades to court will not be easy, but today feels like a significant step forward in the pursuit ofjustice for the rohingya people. nick beake, bbc news on the myanmar—bangladesh border. hundreds of far—right protesters have gathered in the eastern german city of chemnitz in response to a fatal stabbing on sunday morning. a syrian and an iraqi man have been arrested on suspicion of murder. the protesters are calling for an end to immigration, and there are reports of outbreaks of violence. andrew plant reports. the east german city of chemnitz, in front of its karl—marx memorial, several thousand demonstrators chanting anti—immigration slogans. police reported seeing
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hitler salutes too. tensions here are high after a german man was stabbed on sunday. a syrian and an iraqi man were arrested and a wave of anti—immigration protest took to the streets. translation: now is the time to remain calm and levelheaded. the police are investigating and the prosecuting authorities are doing theirjobs. chemnitz will not allow the perpetrators of violence and anarchists to run rampant on our streets. we will enforce the rule of law. police warned masked demonstrators in the city, which is 200 kilometres south of the capital berlin, that their actions were being filmed. flowers have been laid where the 35—year—old man was stabbed to death. in the hours after the killing, far—right groups took to social
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media to call for public demonstrations against immigration. translation: it does exist, the right—wing extremist scene which rears its head every once in awhile. there is also a certain mixture of different groups. for example, football fans. in 2015, germany gave home to more than a million migrants, many from the middle east, a stance that proved unpopular with many voters. in chemnitz, counter demonstrators called for calm and tolerance. there are reports that immigrants have suffered abuse in the city in the wake of the stabbing. chancellor angela merkel said germany would not tolerate vigilante justice. local prosecutors said the two suspects were still being questioned. andrew plant, bbc news. let's get some of the day's other news. australia's new cabinet has been sworn in. the ruling liberal party voted to elect scott morrison as its new prime minister on friday,
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replacing malcolm turnbull. leadership rival peter dutton has retained his home affairsjob. fellow contenderjulie bishop has been replaced. one of the world's biggest car makers, the japanese company, toyota, has announced a $500 million investment in the american ride—sharing firm, uber. they'll work together on developing self—driving cars. uber suffered a severe setback this year when a pedestrian in arizona was killed by one of its self—driving vehicles. iran has asked the international court ofjustice to lift the sanctions imposed by the us when washington abandoned the deal on tehran‘s nuclear programme. the iranian legal team say the us aims to damage iran's economy as severely as possible and has violated a little—known 1955 friendship treaty. the us is expected to argue the sanctions don't breach the treaty. the french president has said europe needs to face up to its security responsibilities and can no longer rely on the us alone.
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emmanuel macron said current alliances were still relevant, but the balances and mechanisms they're built on need to be revisited. donald trump has issued his first official non—social media statement on the death of senatorjohn mccain, amid a row over the position of the us flag flying over the white house. the flag was lowered at the weekend, raised again early on monday only to be lowered back, apparently due to public pressure. the president also confirmed reports he will not attend senator mccain's funeral next weekend. from washington, nick bryant reports. washington withoutjohn mccain is a lesser place. he was a human landmark, an american hero whose broken body personified the land of the brave. flags at the us capitol remained at half—mast in honour of his sacrifice and service. but, at the white house, where the flag was lowered at the weekend, there was no such act of ongoing remembrance earlier on today.
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in a tweet over the weekend, donald trump paid his deep sympathy is and respect to the mccain family, but had no kind words for the man himself. trump: thank you very much. reporter: mr president, do you have any thoughts on john mccain? do you have any thoughts at all on john mccain? that presidential silence continued today. do you thinkjohn mccain was a hero, sir? staffer: guys, let's go, keep moving. with the american legion strongly urging the commander—in—chief to honour this war hero and former prisoner of war, there was finally a presidential change of view, if not heart. we just got this statement from the president: "despite our differences on policy and politics, i respect senatorjohn mccain's service to our country, and in his honour have signed a proclamation to fly the flag of the united states at half staff until the day of his internment." but it still doesn't call him a hero. so tonight, the stars & stripes was lowered again at the white house in that rare thing, a presidential climbdown.
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but the flag row has come to symbolise a broader debate as to who best embodies the values of modern america, donald trump orjohn mccain. nick bryant, bbc news, washington. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: a ride—hailing war comes to cambodia where local tuk—tuks drivers face tough competition which draws its inspiration from india. he's the first african—american to win the presidential nomination of a major party, and he accepts exactly 45 years ago to the day that martin luther king declared "i have a dream." as darkness falls tonight, an unfamiliar light will appear in the south—eastern sky. an orange glowing disk that is brighter than anything save the moon — our neighbouring planet mars. there is no doubt that this election
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is an important milestone in the birth of east timor as the world's newest nation. it'll take months and billions of dollars to repair what katrina achieved injust hours. three weeks is the longest the great clock has been off duty in 117 years, so it was with great satisfaction that clock maker john vernon swung the pendulum to set the clock going again. this is bbc world news. one main headline: after a year of talks, the united states and mexico have reached agreement on a new trade deal. the mexican president—elect has said canada needs to be included too. and we have heard that the canadian
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premier has been on the phone with donald trump and is continuing to work through that. for more on that story i spoke to philip cross, an economic analyst from the university of calgary in canada. i asked him how difficult canada's position is now following the us—mexico deal. it's in a lot worse position than at the beginning of these talks. any time a country gets isolated in trade talks, when it appears to be two against one now and the other two have agreed to something, that's going to put a lot of pressure on canada to make concessions and go along with what the americans and mexicans have already negotiated. one of the difficulties i guess is the sunset clause, so—called, isn't it? why is that so vital? with the sunset clause, that would put a lot of pressure on firms to make their investments in the united states. if they're not assured you're going to have access to the american market, which is the name of the game in all this, if that could be taken away in even five or ten years and you're making investments with a lifespan of 20—30
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years, you're going to make that investment in the united states to make sure you have access to the american market. so the sunset clause has been vital for probably canada most importantly all along. i think the americans knew this. it's quite disappointing to canada that mexico, knowing this was so important to canada, went ahead and negotiated this with the united states on a bilateral basis. time will tell how much they kept canada informed on this, but apparently not very much. what do you think canada can do about this situation? it puts canada in a very difficult position. you saw trump today when he announced he had reached a deal with mexico, he very pointedly said if canada cannot come to the table and make a deal by friday then he's going to put tariffs on the automotive industry, that's the key leverage the us can exercise in all this.
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the most important thing for canada above everything else is maintaining the access of our auto industry to the united states, so trump has honed in very well on the weakness of canada and saying that if you don't agree with this very quickly we're going to take away the thing that's most important for you. so this is going to put a lot of pressure on canada to make some concessions and come to a deal quickly. talking of leverage, the president has a point when he says the us has suffering under a bad nafta deal. the us could have extracted more in the original deal? i would argue it really wasn't a bad deal for anybody, but unquestionably the us holds the whip hand in all of this. the whole point of free trade for canada and mexico is to get access to that big american market. canada especially is a very small country compared to the us, we don't have the economies of scale and the population base the us has. so access to the american market is vital for us.
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the americans probably didn't extract all the concessions they could have in the original nafta deal. in the original trade deal with the united states, canada put about a quarter of its economy off—limits to the us. there was a supply management deal that predicted agriculture and there was also protection for banking, telecommunications and fora number of our key industries. the us kind of went along with this. they didn't agree for their banking system to be put off limits. they made a lot of concessions to canada and they're coming back now and saying, we want more. the uk is facing an increasingly bitter tug—of—war with one of its former african colonies in the indian ocean, mauritius. the chagos islands used to be part of mauritius but they were detached in 1965 and one of them, diego garcia, has long been home to a major american military base. next week, mauritius will argue before the united nation's top
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court, the international court ofjustice, that britain should return the chagos islands. andrew harding reports. it's a serene setting for a diplomatic storm. today, the tiny tourist paradise of mauritius is taking on the british government, and against all odds, it may be winning. at stake, the fate of these slivers of land, the chagos islands. legally they belong to britain. decades ago, the entire population was thrown off the islands by british troops so that the largest atol, diego garcia, could be converted into a military base for the united states. at the time, mauritius wanted to keep the islands but it was still a british colony. prime minister harold wilson told a mauritian delegation the fate of the chagos islands was non—negotiable. only one person at that meeting is still alive today to recall wilson's ultimatum to the mauritian leader. he told him, "if you don't agree to what i am proposing,
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then forget about independence, you will go back, mauritius will remain our colony. it will belong to us, we'll do what we want." blackmail then? that was real blackmail. today on mauritius, those families deported from the chagos islands conjure up the tastes and smells of home... singing ..and sing laments about the paradise the british forced them to leave. sammy nadem—rosemond was 36 when he left. now he's 81. "we even had to leave our dog behind," he remembers. "i just want to go home so i can die there in peace." for decades, britain has said no.
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but now a team of international lawyers is helping mauritius to fight back to try to reclaim the islands. and, quite unexpectedly, at the united nations, the world is backing mauritius against britain. one way of looking at this story is of truly the end of empire and the end of colonialism. coinciding with the moment where britain seems to be turning inward, losing on a serious scale its international support. but that hasn't stopped britain from playing tough. sources close to the mauritian government have told us they were threatened by the then foreign secretary, borisjohnson. i must say that unfortunately we have been threatened with retaliation, in terms of trade, in terms of politics. by britain?
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by britain and by the americans also. this is boris johnson picking up the phone? well, i have had a number of people both from the uk, from the us, talking to me. phoning you up and threatening you? well, we have had verbal threats, i must say. it's a remarkable claim — did the british government threaten a trade war with tiny mauritius, a close ally? the foreign office wouldn't respond to that question, but said: an old british fort looms over the capital of mauritius, a reminder of past power struggles. today, britain is being dragged reluctantly to court over this territorial dispute. the un's highest tribunal will hear
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arguments next week. andrew harding, bbc news, mauritius. we will be following that closely. the moped—powered taxis known as tuk—tuks have long been a feature of the cambodian capital's congested roads. conveyors of goods and passengers, hand—made, locally produced, and for a long time beloved by locals and tourists, they've recently felt the pinch of competition as customers seek out the more affordable, imported rickshaws from india that use ride—hailing apps. from phnom penh, nick wood looks at what's behind the demise of this once iconic form of transport and the rapid rise of a young contender. there is a new gang in town. young, colourful, speedy and you see them just about everywhere in phnom penh. but all is not well on the capital's increasingly crowded streets, where ageing motor taxis, locally made tuk tuks and cars all battle for road space. now there is the autorickshaws
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to contend with. their popularity has created a ripple of discontent among tuk tuk owners, who see their income and lives under threat. translation: before the rickshaws arrived, everyone took tuk tuks, but they use lpg so they are cheaper. they also use an advert, which we don't have, so now customers prefer them over us. many autorickshaws are compatible with passapp, a cambodian version of uber or grab, and has won over customers no longer content to haggle over the fare. translation: i changed from tuk tuk to a rickshaw because now customers can book me via the phone app. passengers like to use the rickshaw because the route and the cost pops up on their phones, so there is no argument about price. thank you.
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while the drivers of the old and the new carriages might see themselves as competitors, there is a potential solution that could see both sides coming together. we are in the middle. we understand the market, we understand about the driver, that is why we encourage the driver for the traditional tuk tuk to try us. there is little doubt that the autorickshaw is here to stay, the question now is can both sides coexist, or is the autorickshaw firmly in the drivers seat? nick wood, bbc news, phnom penh. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter. i'm @bbcmikeembley. thank you for watching. hello.
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as high pressure builds, the end of this week looks pretty quiet weatherwise. until then, though, a couple of weather systems to affect us. this is the big picture as tuesday begins. low pressure to the north—west of us already starting to feed some rain in towards the north—west of scotland. elsewhere, quiet start to the week. this weather system eventually will make an impact. so for this week's weather, there's a chance of rain. not everybody‘s going to see it and it may not amount to too much. there will also be quite a bit of dry and occasionally sunny weather particularly later this week, as we'll see. now, these are your starting numbers for tuesday morning. temperatures into double figures for many. maybe one or two mist and fog patches around. fair amount of cloud, don't expect too much in the way of morning sunshine. a breeze and outbreaks of rain into the western isles of scotland and this system is only very slowly pushing further south—east during the day. whereas ahead of that, we keep a good deal of cloud, a few breaks and a sunny spells to come through. some outbreaks of rain will feed
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into the northern isles through the day and this weather system starting to see one or two showers breaking out. the rain will start to feed into the western side of northern ireland, leaving the best of the sunshine here in the east. across england and wales, after some misty and murky weather to begin with, some bright or sunny spells may keep low cloud into the south—west of england, one or two spots of drizzle. temperatures into the high teens, a few spots in the low 20s, average for the time of year. into tuesday night, we take some outbreaks of rain through scotland and northern ireland, and we introduce the possibility of seeing some thundery showers working into parts of southern england, maybe clipping parts of the midlands, into east anglia, certainly into the south—east by wednesday morning. turning cooler behind the weather front as temperatures dip into single figures. for many, though, again, double figures as wednesday begins. two weather systems to look out for the big picture on wednesday. this one clipping into south—eastern parts moving away on this one tracking south—east across the uk. so eventually during wednesday, it looks like we'll say goodbye to this weather system, but still with some outbreaks
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of rain before it clears. but look how this weather system is weakening as it moves further south—east. one or two showers left behind. the cooler and fresher air behind with sunny spells and showers to western scotland, maybe one or two for northern ireland. temperatures into the high teens, just a few scraping into the low 20s, fairly close to average, maybe a little below in some spots. and then, by the end of the week, it's all looking very quiet because pressure is building, things are settling down. still a fair amount of cloud, though. this is bbc news, the headlines: the us and mexico have agreed a new trade deal after a year of negotiations. it would replace the north america free trade agreement, nafta. but that treaty also included canada, and donald trump now says he's not committed to a three—country agreement. canada's foreign minister is heading to washington for urgent talks. myanmar has rejected a un investigation which accuses its most
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senior military leaders of crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocidal intent against rohingya muslims. myanmar‘s representative to the un called the report one—sided. the security council will discuss it on tuesday. in germany, thousands of far—right demonstrators have clashed with anti—fascist protesters in a second evening of violence in the eastern city of chemnitz. on sunday a german man was stabbed to death. a syrian and iraqi man have been arrested. now on bbc news, it's hardtalk.
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