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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  August 28, 2018 10:00pm-10:31pm BST

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a new trading relationship with africa — theresa may announces plans to boost british investment there to help the uk economy after brexit. singing. she's pledged £4 billion in a bid to deepen economic and trade ties with the continent as she tries to move with the times. i want to see strong african economies that british businesses can do business with in a free and fairfashion. we'll be looking at what impact new economic ties with africa could have on uk trade. also tonight: detectives say a mother and daughter stabbed to death at their home in solihull yesterday were on the phone to police as the attack unfolded. the former chief rabbi, jonathan sacks, callsjeremy corbyn an anti—semite who has given support to racists, terrorists and dealers of hate. one of the biggest fires in belfast for decades — a major blaze guts a primark store in one of the city's historic buildings. it had just been refurbished. and lying in state in an open coffin — aretha franklin's fans are queuing
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to pay their last respects to the queen of soul ina in a respect, find out what it means to me. and coming up on sportsday on bbc news... johanna konta is out of the us open, losing in the first round to france's caroline garcia. good evening. theresa may has arrived in cape town at the start of a three—day trade mission to africa. she began by pledging an extra four billion pounds‘ worth of investment for the continent. it's her first official tour of africa as prime minister. in a speech she called for the uk to become the leading investor in the continent by 2022. she said the extra investment
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would support african economies, but she also wanted it to work in the interests of the uk. our political correspondent ben wright reports. upbeat, certainly. on the beat, perhaps not. but theresa may arrived in south africa eager to talk trade, development and economic growth. the prime minister began her trip to cape town at a school symbolising, she said, the youth and dynamism of many african nations. and it is jobs for these young people and millions like them the uk wants to help african economies create. so this was a trade mission underpinned by a promise. the prime minister pledged an extra £4 billion in direct uk government investment which she expects to be matched by the private sector. i want to see strong african economies that british businesses can do business with in a free and fairfashion. whether through creating
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new customers through british exports or opportunities for british investors, our integrated global economy means healthy african economies are good news for british people as well as for african people. thank you for bringing the rain. to that end the two countries signed a new trade agreement. theresa may sees benefits flowing both ways, using uk companies, capital and government help to invest in african countries in the hope of keeping them politically stable later on. this is about a partnership. it is no longer that colonial relationship where the master would come and give you the instructions as to what needs to be done. but we are partners here and we need to understand what is it that they need and how then do we work with britain? it's quite a key. history is present and poignant in south africa. during her brief trip theresa may visited the cell nelson mandela was held in for 18 years.
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mrs may also used this trip to say the uk would fundamentally shift the way it spends aid money towards building private enterprise and tackling political and economic instability. the dynamic, fast—growing economies of africa have many suitors these days and theresa may dismissed suggestions that britain had missed the boat. but because of brexit the uk is looking for expanded trade opportunities beyond the european union which at the moment is by far our biggest market. but with brexit talks seemingly stalled and time to do a deal running out, i asked the prime minister how she planned to break the deadlock. our negotiating teams with the european commission are sitting down and going through remaining details on the withdrawal agreement. i will have opportunities to discuss them collectively with european leaders that are coming up in the coming weeks. so you are aiming for a deal in october, but under what circumstances would you walk
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away from the table and say the deal on offer is simply not acceptable? we are going for a no deal, a crash out. what circumstances would you do that? first of all, we are working for a good deal, we have put forward our proposal for a good deal. i believe that that deal is to the benefit not only of the uk, but of the european union. but it is absolutely right that as a government we take the common—sense approach. we don't know what the negotiations outcome will be, that is why we make the preparations for a no deal. we have stepped up those preparations for a no deal. theresa may will need some nifty political footwork to get through the autumn, but for today the troubles of brussels and westminster seemed far away. ben wright, bbc news, cape town. so what impact will this new investment in africa have on both african economies and the uk? and how important could it prove to be for post—brexit britain? our economics editor kamal ahmed reports growing three times as fast as britain with a young and dynamic
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population, kenya is africa's economic story in microcosm, a small growing three times as fast as britain, with a young and dynamic population, kenya is africa's economic story in microcosm, a small economy still fighting poverty and allegations of political corruption, but with big ambitions to trade it with britain and the rest of the world. the message that we have is all we are interested in our win—win it will enable all of us to take advantage of the opportunities that exist to create mutual beneficial prosperity. so, what is the value of the uk's trade with africa? let's ta ke the uk's trade with africa? let's take the top five economies in africa for british exports of goods. over the last ten years there has not been a huge amount of change, between five and £7 billion a year. that might sound like a lot, but it
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is less than we export to, for example, spain. in totalwe is less than we export to, for example, spain. in total we export £8.1i example, spain. in total we export £8.4 billion of goods to africa every year. again, that sounds pretty good. but the total amount we export to the european union, £i64.i billion. what about the pm's pledged to be the biggest foreign investor in africa amongst the g—7 countries? those are the largest economies in the world. we are nearly there already. the us invests around {44.3 billion, the uk just already. the us invests around {44.3 billion, the ukjust behind at £42.7 billion, the ukjust behind at £42.7 billion, and france is the third biggest g7 investor, 38 billion pounds. but in 2011 china invested just £i7.8 billion in africa. by 2016 just £17.8 billion in africa. by 2016 that figure had grown to £41.1
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billion. at that rate of change, china will soon overtake britain, showing that competition for african trade is hard. but will britain leaving the european union be a boost or a burden for trade with africa? in the next four or five yea rs, africa? in the next four or five years, the focus of the uk will be replacing the existing arrangements that exist in the eu. in the long run could the uk do things differently from the eu? would it be more generous in certain areas? possibly, but that is a question for five or ten years' time. tomorrow, the next stop nigeria, the largest economy on the continent that will boast a third of the continent's population by 2050. but there are plenty of countries led by china and they are competing for them. detectives in the west midlands have revealed that a woman who was stabbed to death with her mother was on the phone to police when she was attacked.
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police are continuing to search for 21—year—old, janbaz tarin, after his former partner and her mother were attacked in the early hours of yesterday. sima kotecha reports. forensic tents still up and a police cordon continues to surround the area where two women were murdered in the early hours of monday morning. a huge manhunt is under way as police look for 21—year—old janbaz tarin, the ex—boyfriend of raneem oudeh, the 22—year—old stabbed to death along with her mother, 49—year—old khaola saleem. today police confirmed that the two women who were fatally stabbed behind me were from syria, while the suspect is an afghan national who was living in this country legally. and now west midlands police say raneem oudeh was on the phone to officers when she was attacked. they said she had made a number of calls to them on sunday but officers couldn't find her. then when contact was made the situation quickly escalated.
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the force has referred itself to the independent office of police conduct over its contact with the family. we spoke to a friend of the suspect. he was a very nice guy and usually quiet, always smiley and very kind. i go to the shop where he usually is and everybody there was very nice. i never can imagine something like this about him. he absolutely always looked one of the nicest guys in this area that i know. tonight the manhunt continues. sima kotecha, bbc news, solihull. the former chief rabbi, jonathan sacks, has described jeremy corbyn as an anti—semite who had given support to "racists, terrorists and dealers of hate". in an interview with the new statesman magazine, lord sacks said the labour leader's recent remarks about zionists not understanding british irony were the most offensive statement made by a british politician since enoch powell's rivers
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of blood speech in 1968. but labour says the comparison is "absurd and offensive". vicki young is in westminster for us — how signicant is this? for months, jeremy corbyn has faced a storm of protest from many in the jewish community and now one of its high—profile, prominent members is attacking him in the strongest possible terms, and comparing the labour leader to enoch powell is bound to escalate tensions even further. this latest row goes back to comments jeremy corbyn further. this latest row goes back to commentsjeremy corbyn made in 2013. he talked about british zionists who did not understand english irony. laura sachs suggests that that suggests that british dues are not british. he said he had given support to racist, terrorists and dealers of hate who want to kill dues and remove israel from the map.
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over the summerjeremy corbyn has said sorry for the hurt that is being felt by many in thejewish community, but the night there was an angry response from labour toward lot what lord sachs had to say. they said jeremy corbyn is determined to tackle anti—semitism both within the labour party and in the wider society and the labour party is committed to rebuilding trust with the jewish community. some committed to rebuilding trust with thejewish community. some members say that should be the internationally recognised definition of anti—semitism. all of that will come to a head again next week when labour mps vote on the matter and we will see whether this strong criticism from lord sachs has changed jeremy corbyn's mind. firefighters in belfast have spent almost 12 hours tackling a major fire at a primark store in one of the city's historic buildings. it's believed the blaze started
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on the top floor of the five—storey building before engulfing it all. customers and staff were all ta ken to safety. the historic building had just been refurbished and police say it could now collapse. our ireland correspondent chris page has more. all over the city people saw the smoke in the sky, but most didn't realise how bad the blaze was until pictures like these appeared. let's go! shoppers and about 150 staff we re go! shoppers and about 150 staff were evacuated from the store within minutes of the fire breaking out. were evacuated from the store within minutes of the fire breaking outm was very minutes of the fire breaking outm was very busy, so it was a race for people to get down the stairs, so i got out as quickly as possible. no one was injured but the interior of the building disintegrated as the fire went downwards. several times it seemed like firefighters had got the blaze under control, but every now and then there were what sounded like small explosions within the store. with each one the flames burst out again. this is an
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extremely dramatic and very unnerving sight, a major storage used to a blackened shell by the most severe fire here in belfast city centre for many years. the building has quite a history, it has been here since the late 18th century and has been a bishop's residence and about in the past. primark spent £30 million on a renovation project that was just about finished, but business leaders fear retailers in this area will face a big financial hit. there will bea face a big financial hit. there will be a period major disruption. heartbreaking to be honest. not much more you can say other than that. hundreds of people who work and shop in northern ireland's capital will be affected. this blaze was the most southern of blows, but its consequences will be felt for some time. that firefighters had been here since 11am and they expect to stay
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through the night. they want to find out what caused the fire but what ta kes out what caused the fire but what takes priority is to put out the fla mes takes priority is to put out the flames on the fifth floor and save what's left of this once grand building. thank you. air pollution may cause a drop in intelligence, that's according to new research in china. the four—year study found that the longer people were exposed to dirty air, the greater the damage to their cognitive abilities. and it seems men are affected more than women as our science editor david shukman reports. a wave of pollution rolls into the centre of beijing. dirty air is a reality of life for many in china. in fact, for billions of people around the world. scientists now know how it can damage the lungs and the heart, how it can shorten lives. some of the pollution we breathe in gets trapped in the nose, but tiny particles can slip into the lungs and then make their way into the bloodstream and there is evidence they can
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even reach the brain. so pollution may not only have a physical affect, but a mental one as well. to explore what pollution might be doing to the mind, scientists in china embarked on a massive investigation. they say breathing dirty air can make people depressed and also affect their ability to focus. people are having trouble with, for example, they can not focus on their test or there is some chemistry change in the brain that disturbs their functioning, or people just feel depressed. this was one of the largest studies of its kind. it looked at levels of air pollution in dozens of cities across china. and at the results of tests of verbal reasoning in maths taken by 25,000 people in those places. the researchers conclude that long—term exposure to air pollution, impedes cognitive performance. that is a bold claim and it doesn't provide direct evidence of cause and effect, but it does follow a few other studies that have also suggested
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that polluted air may affect the brain, so a link is thought to be possible. we asked one of britain's leading pollution scientists to look at the chinese research and he says it's another red flag warning that pollution may mental ability. pollution may undermine mental ability. what they find is older men were more susceptible, other studies have shown older women, so there's a few things we need to resolve. but certainly, those red flags and there's more of them and itjust adds to the weight of evidence that air pollution has a wide range of effects in your body. this matters because most of the world's population lives in air that's polluted. india, for example, has some of the dirtiest conditions. and as the research into pollution advances and we learn more about the impacts, it may turn out to be that they're not only physical, but mental as well. air pollution is a threat
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from africa to here in britain. and its true implications may only become obvious in the decades ahead. david shukman, bbc news. war crimes may have been committed by all parties in the conflict in yemen. that's according to un human rights experts, who claim that little effort has been made to minimise civilian casualties. for more than three years yemen has been divided by a fierce civil war. on one side is the internationally recognised government led by president mansour hadi, he's backed by a saudi—led coalition, supported by the us, the uk and france. on the other side are houthi rebels, allied with iran. the united nations say almost 6700 civilians have been killed, but they believe the real figures are likely to be significantly higher. a warning — our diplomatic
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correspondent james robbins' report does contain flashing images. the un experts are blunt — the plight of civilians in yemen has been all but ignored. the un team points to some residential areas in which thousands have died. among those attacks, saudi—led air strikes come in for particular criticism, like this 13 weeks ago which killed dozens of children in a bus and the marketplace. individuals in the government of yemen and the coalition, including saudi arabia and the united arab emirates, may have conducted attacks in violation of the principles of distinction, proportionality and all precautions, which may amount to war crimes. the un says a confidential list of names will be handed over to the high commissioner for human rights. but the saudi—led coalition yesterday accused the un bias, under pressure from the houthi rebel side. translation: these statements are biased and based
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on the houthi point of view. we all know that un bodies and ngos working in yemen are under pressure by the houthi militias. but it's the firepower on the saudi side and the way that it's being used that causes real political problems for their principal arms suppliers, britain and the united states. saudi coalition targeting decisions are made here in their command centre. the raf has officers inside, not britain insists, to take any part in that targeting, but instead to advise on how to minimise the risk to civilians. so last week in washington i asked the foreign secretary about britain's role. either our advice is poor or they're simply ignoring it. well, i think we have a lot more influence with the relationship that we have with saudi done if we prosecuted our diplomacy that we have with saudi than if we prosecuted our diplomacy in a different way. but the truth is, that i think all of us are very worried about some of the things that have
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been happening in yemen and we have a responsibility as an important power in the region, to make those concerns felt and to make sure that everything that happens, insofar as we are able, does comply with international humanitarian law. but the un says international humanitarian law is being broken on both sides. houthi rebel fighters, supported by iran, shout, "death to america, death to israel — victory to islam." as long as the war in yemen goes on, it seems civilians, we'll all too often, be the victims. james robbins, bbc news. russia is planning its biggest war games since a cold war drill in 1981. the military exercise next month will involve nearly 300,000 troops, 36,000 tanks and armoured personnel carriers, and more than a thousand aircraft. the kremlin says the drills are justified given recent "aggressive and unfriendly" attitudes towards russia, as tensions grow with nato.
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rallies have been held in northern ireland to demand the restoration of devolved government after stormont equalled the record today for having the world's longest peacetime period without a properly functioning government. there has been no assembly in place for more than 18 months after the power—sharing arrangement between the dup and sinn fein collapsed in january last year. our ireland correspondent emma vardy has more. absent politicians prompted this display of people power. 589 days without a government in northern ireland. tonight, rallies sparked by one man's social media campaign were held across 15 towns and cities. there are many ways a lack of devolved government is having an impact. two years ago, northern ireland won the bid to stage the 2021 commonwealth youth games. but power—sharing collapse before ministers could agree the funding. i was quite shocked.
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how can we are not sticking together, not helping each other. now, northern ireland has been stripped of the chance to host the event. as well as losing the games, one to £2 billion worth of infrastructure projects have now been put on hold. a new transport hub for belfast, a cruise ship terminal for the harbour, just a couple of the developments being left in limbo. the corridors of power remain empty at stormont, where northern ireland's government collapsed last year. a row over and mishandled renewable energy scheme caused the break—up and since then, talks between the dup and sinn fein have repeatedly failed. it's been 589 days since northern ireland had a functioning assembly. civil servants say that while there is no cliff edge, what they are seeing is stagnation and a slow decay across public services. schools and health care are suffering. northern ireland has the longest hospital waiting lists in the uk, but no health minister in place to help tackle the problem.
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today at stormont, the dup accused sinn fein of prolonging the deadlock. there's only one problem party and let's call it out, it's sinn fein. they need to end their boycott and allow government to happen here in northern ireland. sinn fein insists it is up for a deal, but says the dup won't compromise. we want to intensify discussions and we're not meeting any reciprocation from either the dup or the british government. power—sharing in northern ireland is a legacy of its troubled past, but it's in danger of becoming a barrier to a betterfuture. what would it take to get them to agree? shake hands, forget about the past, move on. you know, they need their heads hitting together. northern ireland has now surpassed belgian's record surpassed belgium's record for going the longest period without a government in peace time and patience is running out. emma vardy, bbc news, belfast.
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many children are returning to school across the uk as the summer draws to a close. forfamilies struggling with finances, it means the welcome return of free school meals after the long school holidays? our education correspondent elaine dunkley has been to st helens to find out how they've been coping since the end of term. this may look like any other play centre, but there is a difference. first of all we are going to have dinner and we have got some chicken pasta bake and... at this lunch club in st helens, many of the families who come here struggle to feed their children during the summer holidays. it's a chance for brendan, nicole, cara and jade to have a hot meal and play. we make friends and do painting, stuff like that. and we have lovely food. i do worry a lot about food. not being in the cupboards as much as he used to have. it's been very hard for mum,
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it's been very hard for my sisters and brothers. and mainly very hard for me to see mum struggle. fortheir mum sarah, the school holidays is a difficult time of year. she's on universal credit and changes to her benefits have brought hardship. struggling, you know, to get the food in and getting them places. it's not good. how much do you worry? quite a lot, everyday i wake up thinking are social services going to come knocking on my door taking the kids away because i can't feed them? so when you open the cupboards and the fridge and there's nothing in there, what goes through your mind? ijust break down in tears. i don't know what to do. as i say, it's horrible, it is. are you spinning orjust going for it? the tlg make lunch group works with churches around the country to ensure that children who usually get free school meals fed during the summer holidays. they're also seem more working
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families using the service. so we know that there is 1.5 million kids on free school meals. another 3 million close to the poverty line that we don't even know about. it's a massive need, it's heartbreaking to see the kids that come in and i was literally just asking one of the kids, we were talking about what would you do if you had a spare £500? and the first response was to get gas and electric. so the needs go, notjust food, it goes beyond that. for sarah, any spare money is a treat for the children. she's the best mum ever. she put 15p in myjar because i only had 35, but now i've got 50p. the government says it is investing an additional £2 million in two projects for poorer children in england during the summer. but for many families, every school holiday is a time of hunger. elaine dunkley, bbc news. the queen of soul,
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aretha franklin, is lying in state in an open coffin for two days in her home city of detroit as fans pay their last respects. thousands began queuing before dawn outside the african american history museum in the city to see her for one last time before herfuneral on friday. rajini vaidyanathan has been talking to the crowds who are there to celebrate her life. # the moment i wake up # before i put on my make up # i say a little prayerfor you #. for fans of aretha franklin, it's been the ultimate pilgrimage. # what you want, baby i've got it # what you need, you know i got it #. crowds lined up from the early hours, as they waited to say a final farewell to their beloved queen of soul. but before she said goodbye, she made one last entrance. ever the diva, the white vintage cadillac transported her in a golden casket.
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for those waiting patiently to see her, the mood here was melodic, not morose. # r-e-s-p-e-c-t that's just what it means to me # r-e-s-p-e-c-t. .. why have you decided to queue up here to pay your last respects? i couldn't have did it for a better person, she is all of that and a bowl of soup. i'm honouring her today. you know, she means a lot to me, my family. you know, to everyone, she is the queen of soul. she paved the way for a lot of black singers 'the d' has turnded it up for aretha. aretha franklin will lie in state at the city's african—american museum for another day. her style, her grace and her ruby red heels on show for one last time. it was beautiful. she looks like she was just sleeping. she had on red shoes, her dress was so elegant.
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she looks really pretty, her face isjust like she is relaxed. aretha franklin will be remembered as america's voice in more ways than one. she fought for gender and racial equality, supported charities and communities she cared about and remains a role model to so many in detroit and beyond. she was a global superstar who never forgot her hometown roots. this week, her hometown is showing the world they'll never forget aretha franklin. the atmosphere in the room where aretha franklin rest is uplifting.


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