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tv   BBC News  BBC News  September 7, 2018 11:00pm-11:31pm BST

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this is bbc news, i'm rachel schofield. the headlines at 11:00: a special report from libya, where a fragile ceasefire in tripoli appears to be holding. ve economy is on its knees. there are widescale fuel and oil shortages, power outages, this in a country pitches —— which is oil—rich. no—fault divorces could be introduced in england and wales, ministers say they want to reduce the animosity when married couples seperate. ba could face a fine of hundreds of millions of pounds for the huge data breach which has affected thousands of customers. also coming up this hour, a major project to clean up plastic from the ocean. a huge structure to capture the waste is going to be launched into the pacific from san francisco. and at 11:30 we'll be taking an in—depth look at the papers with our reviewersjohn rentoul and henry zeffman. stay with us for that. after more than a week of fierce
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fighting between rival factions in libya, a fragile ceasefire brokered by the un appears to be holding. seven years ago, rebel groups, backed by a military coalition which included britain, toppled the dictator muammar gaddafi. since then, there's been political and military chaos. one result has been a huge surge in african migrants using the country as a route to europe. the latest violence between rival militias erupted around the capital tripoli. the bbc has the only international news team there. here's clive myrie. we're entering a nervous city. only now after a week of fighting
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and three ceasefires do we think it's safe to enter tripoli. along this same road seven days ago, fighters from armed groups based outside the capital breached the city walls. but rival factions inside tripoli were ready for the fight. the battles left scores dead, including civilians, and forced thousands to flee their homes. darkness provided no respite. the battles are over for now, but the scars linger. at his family compound, ali el—amari doted on two grandchildren who are now dead. translation: the rocket or missile landed right where the children were playing. there was blood everywhere.
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0n the ground, all over the trees. when you see the body of your grandchild in pieces... my daughter had to see it too. i am very, very sad. i am very sad. ten years. why are we still all fighting? why? 0ne boy was 1a and the other 15. they were buried one week ago today. libya's problems, the deaths, the destruction, are the result of the messy end of colonel gaddafi's rule. the armed groups that helped topple him covered up the country, leaving no—one in overall control. and the militias and groups that
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stayed within the capital are being accused of being greedy, of siphoning off funds, of ruining the economy. those groups outside the capital now say they had to intervene. there is a un—backed government in tripoli, but it's accused of allowing the armed factions in the capital to act with impunity. with so many militias and fighting groups seemingly running the country, libya is a failed state. and seizing on that failure have been the people smugglers. the fighting of recent days has ensnared many of the thousands of migrants who are trying to use libya as a gateway to europe across the mediterranean. these people had to break out of a detention centre when the fighting got too close. this man says there was gunfire at night and five people were hit, that's why we escaped, but even as we tried to run, another man was shot. the fighting forced thousands
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of libyans to free their homes, children to leave their schools. this woman is a mother of four. she said she wanted to talk to us, and she poured out her heart. "we are tired, we've had enough," she told me. "we had to leave our homes. "i would like to send a message to the world, "we are peaceful people. "we want to live like everybody else, our children "to grow up in peace. "why is this happening, why?" libyans are tired of the men with guns having all the influence. and hopes for nationwide elections by the end of the year are now in ruins. once again, an attempt to stitch together this fractured nation has come to nothing. the government is drawing up the biggest change to the divorce
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law in england and wales in almost 50 years, to try to speed up the process of separation and allow more couples to split without apportioning blame. thejustice secretary, david gauke, will announce a consultation on no—fault divorce. he says he wants to remove some of the "unnecessary antagonism" created by the system, as our legal affairs correspondent, clive colman, reports. there has been pressure for decades for a no—fault divorce system. it was recommended in 1990. many seniorjudges favour it. why? when you are getting divorced, you're being ripped apart emotionally and financially and many people feel that adding blame makes a bad situation worse. we almost got it in 1996, it was in an act of parliament, but they pulled back. what lies at the heart of any new system? we will have to wait and see detail
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but my guess is we will be moving away from a system based around fault and blame. to a system that is essentially a notification system. if a spuse reports the marriage has broken down irretrievably and after a defined period of time, could be six months or a year, if they are still saying that then they will be entitled to a divorce as of right. some people will say that undermines the institution of marriage but many will say it takes a layer of stress and anxiety away from what can be one of the most traumatic experiences any of us could ever go through. that was clive coleman reporting. the family lawyer rupi rai welcomed the announcement. i have been practising for 17 years and this has been an ongoing issue, relationships breaking down in an exacerbated way because we need default basis. so we welcome it. and
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how difficult has it been that you have need —— needed to place blame, essentially, on one party? it has been difficult. judges have been encouraged to look carefully at the legations that have been made and they have to be strong enough to pass the test and if they are not happy then unfortunately they will reject a divorce petition and people are therefore forced to remain living together for periods of time which they actually want to be able to use to move on and negotiate the finances and the children and start a new life. how much more bearable to you think this could make, as clive was seen, something that is already a difficult time for people? i think it could improve it significantly. when you are dealing with a marriage breakdown you are not just talking about the marriage. you are talking about the finances and the children. if they know they do not have to place blame on the other party in order to bring about the end of the marriage it means that people are more willing to discuss children, discuss finances,
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and therefore hopefully they are able to move on and actually stay on good terms with each other. we heard from clive there is going to be a consultation. there may well be some voices of opposition and people say m, voices of opposition and people say in, won't this make it too easy for people to quit? what do you make of that line of thinking?” people to quit? what do you make of that line of thinking? i don't accept that. the reality is, relationships break down. it is about making sure the children are left in a state where they have to pa rents left in a state where they have to parents who are able to speak to each other for parents who are able to speak to each otherfor their parents who are able to speak to each other for their benefit. it isn't going to bring about the end of marriage, although we see that people tend to live together more often, and in fact my secretary herself has chosen, as a product of a broken relationship, has decided she doesn't want to get married because actually, she sees the end of the relationship that such a dramatic experience that she would rather live with her partner. in
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terms of the practicalities, we hear a lot about the divorce courts and the fact that there are long delays and people often have to wait and so on, just how this might feed through the system. do you think there might need to be further resources, an attempt at that technical support for people who want to put some of this into, perhaps, an online system, even? well, the court has introduced an online system and that was brought about quite recently but the fact is, it still has to be checked by judges, court the fact is, it still has to be checked byjudges, court clerks, if we have a process whereby people are able to go online or even put in applications and they don't have to approve the grounds, then it will absolutely make it quicker and easier and less costly. rupee rai speaking to me earlier. british airways could be fined as much as £500 million for a huge data breach which has affected tens of thousands of people. hackers managed to access details of 380,000 bookings made with the airline over a 2—week period. ba say personal and financial details were compromised,
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although passport information wasn't. it says any customer who's been affected financially will be compensated. many have been forced to cancel their credit and debit cards. a criminal enquiry is being led by specialist cyber officers from the national crime agency. here's our business correspondent emma simpson. it's all about the customers. business travellers and holiday—makers, transporting them around the world. but thousands have had their personal information stolen after british airways was hacked. jorge herrera is one of them. he booked tickets with a credit card at the end of august, but has other cards on his ba account, too. he's struggled to speak to the airline all day. i don't think i have to cancel all my credit cards, but i don't know. and so i'm in the process of doing that. and it's going to take a long time. so, what do we know
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about this data breach? well, it affected customers who made a booking or changed one through the british airways website or ba app from 11pm on august 21 up until 9:16 on wednesday evening. 380,000 cards were affected. ba says hackers stole names, addresses, e—mailaddresses and payment information. that included the card number, expiry date and, critically, the three digit security code on the back. i'm not letting you see my three digit number, because it's a bit like giving you the keys to my safe. now, with an online transaction, this number shouldn't be stored. ba says they weren't. so how did hackers get hold of them? emily here is a cyber—security expert. what could have happened? well, one theory is that a supplier to ba actually got compromised in the first place.
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so when you are booking a flight on the website, you may not realise, but there is lots of third—party software that is used within those web pages to do things like process card information. so it could be that they were targeted because they were a little weaker on security, and then used to extract the data. ba says it's sorry, promising compensation for any customers who may end up out of pocket. this was a very sophisticated criminal attack on, and over more than 20 years that has been operating, we've never had a breach of that type. this attack doesn't surprise me. we see attacks like this targeting payment and card details all the time. but this is a big industry, and criminals do do this on a daily basis. but it is unusual for hackers to land so much sensitive payment card details at once. it's the first major incident since new data protection rules came into effect,
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which means ba could face a sky—high fine of around half a billion pounds for the breach. a man who claimed to be a survivor of the grenfell tower fire has been jailed for falsely claiming almost £87,000 worth of emergency funds. yonatan eyub was put up in a hotel and given a food allowance and pre—paid credit cards. drugs, including cocaine, were found in his hotel room, along with around £3,000 in cash, designer clothes and jewellery. apologies, some of the wrong picture is that, as you can see. —— pictures ofair. tens of thousands of people in the syrian province of idlib have taken to the streets demanding international intervention to protect them from a government offensive. syrian government forces are massing on its borders, backed by iran and russia, whose planes have continued to bomb rebel positions.
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at a summit in tehran, both countries said the fight against terrorism had to be continued, despite fears of a humanitarian catastrophe. the former us president barack 0bama has made an outspoken attack on his successor, donald trump, and the republican party. speaking at a university, mr 0bama told the audience that they were living in extraordinary and dangerous times, and called for the restoration of honesty, decency, and lawfulness in government. his speech comes two months before the mid—term elections, which will decide whether the democrats take control of congress. nick bryant sent this report from washington. cheering this was barack 0bama returning to political centre stage. using what has always been the strongest weapon in his armoury — the power of speech. and deploying it against donald trump. hello, illinois. and he addressed this week's explosive revelations that trump appointees are working to subvert the president. you are not doing us a service by actively promoting 90% of the crazy stuff coming out
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of this white house and then saying, that's not how things are supposed to work. this is not normal. these are extraordinary times. and they're dangerous times. these were his strongest criticisms yet of the man who succeeded him and he was scathing about donald trump's response to events last year in charlottesville, the clashes involving white supremacists and neo—nazis. we're supposed to stand up to discrimination. and we're sure as heck supposed to stand up clearly and unequivocally to nazi sympathisers. how hard can that be? saying that nazis are bad? laughter # where at least i know i'm free... donald trump is a counter puncher and just over an hour later, buoyed by strong newjobs figures, he described his reaction to being asked about his predecessor's criticisms. he said, "what do you think
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of president 0bama's speech?" and i said, "i'm sorry, i watched it but i fell asleep." laughter i found he's very good, very good for sleeping. laugther these first seven days in september, which started with a memorial service forjohn mccain, feel like a milestone moment, when the forces of resistance to the trump presidency have asserted themselves more strongly. much of that service was a rebuke to the president, and then came the blockbuster new book from bob woodward and the highly critical column in the new york times, penned anonymously by an administration official. it's unprecedented in modern times to see this kind of public clash between a sitting president and his predecessor. and it speaks to how this divided country increasingly looks like two americas — one that rallies round donald trump, and one that seeks to resist him. nick bryant, bbc news, washington.
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the headlines on bbc news: after more than a week of fierce fighting between rival factions in libya, a fragile ceasefire brokered by the un appears to be holding. no—fault divorces could be introduced in england and wales. ministers say they want to reduce the animosity when married couples separate. ba could face a fine of hundreds of millions of pounds for the huge data breach which has affected thousands of customers. the labour leaderjeremy corbyn has said his party speaks for the mainstream in the uk. he hit back, after the former prime minister tony blair told the bbc he's not sure it's possible for moderates in the party to retake it from the left. his comments came as the leader of the liberal democrats, sir vince cable, said he wants to transform his party into a movement for moderates — which would appeal to voters disaffected by the direction of both
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labour and the conservatives. this report from our political correspondent vicki young contains some flash photography. is british politics in need of a face—lift — or even a total rebuild? are you a voter who thinks the politicians in here are failing to represent your opinions? tony blair was the last party leader to win a decisive election victory. he sasteremy corbyn doesn't have a broad enough appeal for this kind of win, and moderate centre ground mps have lost control of the labour party. i'm not sure that it's possible to take it back. there's lots of people associated with me who feel that the labour party's lost, that the game's over. visiting a museum in leicester today, the labour leader insisted he's the one in tune with voters, and his campaign for a more equal society was a mainstream message. tony should recognise that the party
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membership is now much bigger than it's ever been. in the general election last year, we set out what our aspirations are for the people of this country. aspirations of eliminating homelessness, aspirations of putting more money in resources into education. 0verwhelmingly popular policies. the liberal democrat leader thinks millions of voters feel homeless. today he offered them a roof over their heads, saying he'd open the party to outsiders who shared his liberal values. he even suggested the next lib dem leader wouldn't need to be an mp. why are you confident that millions of people would flock to you, in this new system? well, there is clearly a demand out there for a rallying point, for large numbers of people, you know, who are fed up with the drift of the country, and the fact that the two established parties are being taken over by extremists. some conservatives and many labour
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mps are increasingly uncomfortable with the direction their parties are going in. there have been conversations about setting up a new party or breaking away from the old one, but without an obvious figurehead from inside or outside the political system, it's hard to see how any of these ideas would get off the ground. and there's certainly no agreement about what might happen next. vicki young, bbc news, westminster. every year millions of tons of plastic waste flow into the seas around the world. now, for the first time, there's going to be an attempt to get into the middle of the pacific ocean to try to clean it. in the biggest operation of its kind, a huge plastic—collection system will be towed out from california tomorrow. 0ur science editor david shukman explains. in san francisco, final construction of a massive project with an incredibly bold ambition. to try to clear the oceans of plastic waste.
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this animation shows how the huge structure is meant to collect millions of pieces of plastic to make them easier to get rid of. sights like this have shocked people around the world. images of the damage to wildlife have inspired this effort to clean up. if we don't do it now all this plastic will start breaking down into smaller and smaller pieces, and the smaller the pieces are the more harmful and harder to extract from the marine environment. so we feel there is a sense of urgency. there is plastic waste in every ocean around the world but this is the first attempt to clean it up. it will take place in the eastern pacific in a retreating current that traps plastic, what's called the great garbage patch. it's bigger than britain and france combined. how is the project meant to work? a giant tube 600 metres long will float on the surface and bend into a shape like a horseshoe,
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drifting naturally with the current and the winds. because it will move faster than all the bits of plastic in the water it should slowly gather them together into a small area. underwater a kind of barrier will hang three metres down to trap plastic below the surface and the design should mean that any fish will pass under it. once the plastic has been drawn into a dense mass it will then be collected by ship, taken away to be recycled. no—one can be sure if the huge system will work. some experts worry it could harm marine life. the major problem is those creatures that passively float in the ocean and cannot actually move out of the way. once they are in, they are going to be trapped there unable to move. for example plankton is the bottom of the food chain, so we really do not want to be taking that out of our oceans. that is clearly from the teeth of a fish. yes.
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there is no other explanation. one of the scientists on the clean—up project says because the plastic is being eaten by fish it is entering the food chain so should be removed. it's been there for years. we find plastic from the 70s, from the 80s, from the 90s. and then we also find languages on those bits of plastic so we will find in the north pacific chinese, japanese, english, so we will try to define where the things may have come from. the plan is to start with one collection device and eventually deploy 60 of them. but all the time plastic is pouring down rivers into the oceans. so on its own the clean—up operation will never be enough. we can speak to the project's technology manager in san francisco.
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with the blueprints of the system behind you. how excited are you by the potential of this collection system ? the potential of this collection system? i am very excited. in the past couple of years we have done a loss of engineering and testing work to make sure that this system is something that we believe will act effectively to clean out a plastics from the polluted area in the ocean. what have been some of the challenges when you have been designing it? there are many technical challenges. making sure that the system can survive harsh conditions out in the ocean. it is floating on top of the waves, which can impose quite large loads on the system. we need to make sure that the system can survive continuous operating. and also make sure that the system doesn't impact on marine life out in the ocean while cleaning out the plastics. and how confident are you of that fact, because they
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have been some concerns expressed by biologists who are saying that there might be some marine life, particularly creatures that are fairly passive in the water, but actively move away, that they might get trapped in this system? the last thing we want to do is have a negative impact on the environment. what we have done is that we have designed the system so that it minimises the potential impact on the environment. so what we think is close to the system, we create a small town was current, because the current is flowing towards the system and that has to move down to pass underneath the skirt. that should take the smaller organisms that could end up in that area. we designed it so that there are no gaps or loose hanging lines that animals could get entangled in. besides that, we have an independent organisation in the usa they did an environmental impact and estimated the impact of this project and the system and the operations are minimal. we will bring on—board five
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independent observers to make sure we can execute this project in a responsible way. one of the concern i wanted to raise with you after speaking to an oceanographer a little earlier, the carbon dioxide emissions from all the work you will have to do using shipping to go and mtv barrier, there was some concern that try to offset that would be difficult —— mtv barrier. that try to offset that would be difficult -- mtv barrier. for the project it is inevitable to use ships. we have to bring the system out into the ocean and we have to bring the plastics back onto shore. the ships will emit c02, but we offset that emission thrill a company that will supply clean hydrogen, sorrow, hydroelectric energy to small communities in the south—western part of china, to compensate for the c02 south—western part of china, to compensate for the co2 emissions that electoral company. it is good
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of you to talk to us about it. we wish you well with the launch tomorrow. they do very much indeed. now it's time for the weather. hello. mixed fortunes in the weather this weekend, as we will see in a moment, but it will be warming up for some of us by sunday. and, in fact, into next week, the late summer warmth will be fighting back as some temperatures head towards the mid—20s, but not for everyone, as we will discover. let's take a look at the weekend weather. 0n the big picture, we start off with this for saturday. fronts coming in from the atlantic which means there will be rain for some of us. right now, it looks like it is targeting wales, parts of northern england, the midlands, and then across to the eastern side of england on through the day. avoiding southernmost counties of england, there may even be some sunny spells here, avoiding most of northern ireland, although the far south—east may get it first thing, and, indeed, much of scotland, although, early on a bit of patchy rain in the far south—west and north—east. but here, there will be some sunny spells into the afternoon, and bar the odd shower, most will be dry. temperatures across the uk mostly in the range of around 15 to 18 celsius.
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it will be a mild night on saturday night. on sunday morning, still some weather fronts close by, so still some outbreak of rain, particularly into parts of wales, northern england and scotland. but actually things start to clear up a bit into sunday afternoon. we will continue with the feed of showers towards north—west scotland all day, and by the end of the day, it is getting quite windy. elsewhere, look at this, more of the land showing up, that means more sunshine and it will feel a bit warmer, particularly towards the south, south—east of the uk. but even into parts of north—east england, east yorkshire, lincolnshire getting into the low 20s in some spots. now, we take a bit of a break between weather systems on monday, though it is quite windy and wet in northern scotland. elsewhere, we are going to see some sunny spells and a bright, breezy day, and most will be dry. though, more of the north and west of the uk in the day will get increasing cloud. there is still going to be a bit of warmth to be had on monday as temperatures again peek into the low 20s in some spots. this is a sign of things
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to come, though, as we look at the picture for tuesday. more atlantic fronts coming in so that means if you are underneath one of these, you are going to see some outbreak of rain. this far out, some uncertainty about where that is going to be sitting, but somewhere probably through england and wales. there will be a cloudy and a wet zone. that may well be affecting northern ireland, much of scotland. the further north you are, seeing some sunny spells and some very warm sunny spells towards east anglia and south—east england. and, so, three zones of weather next week. we have this weather front with us for much of the week. north of it, you may see some sunny spells, you are cool and fresh. along it, it is cloudy and damp and not particularly warm. to the south of it, though, there is some warmth to be had, particularly across parts of southern england, at times south wales, and into east anglia. look at the colours here. we are seeing those temperatures into the low and, at times, mid 20s. but you will be quite cool in northern scotland.


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