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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  October 2, 2018 10:00pm-10:31pm BST

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tonight at 10pm, the desperate race to save lives after the indonesian earthquake — the death toll is now 1,300 and rising. the full extent of the devastation is now apparent — four days after the quake and tsunami struck, leaving many thousands homeless and in need of help. some people are still being found alive — we report from two areas — where aid is slow to get through. in this neighbourhood, a sea of mud that fell down the mountain and has buried all of the houses. gunfire and the situation gets even more tense — as people try to take essential supplies from local shops. we'll have the latest from the region and we'll report on the challenge faced by the aid agencies. also tonight — taking his brexit appeal into the heart of the conservative conference — boris johnson takes aim at the prime minister's chequers plan. this is the moment to do that and there is time. this is the moment to chuck chequers. cheering and applause. there's one thing we
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all know about boris is that he will put on a good show. but what we have been doing here at conference, of course, is what the government and i think what matters to people out there, is what the government does and what we focus on in terms of their day—to—day lives. mothers whose children have disabilities take legal action against surrey county council — which is cutting £21 million from its budget for children with special needs. for the first time in over half a century — a woman is among the scientists awarded the nobel prize for physics. and, pressure grows on manchester united manager jose mourinho as they take on valencia in the champions league. and coming up on sportsday on bbc news — we'll take a look inside a centre designed for those seriously injured playing sport as the matt hampson foundation officially opens. good evening.
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emergency services in indonesia say it's now a race against time to help survivors of the devastating earthquake and tsunami. more than 1,300 people are known to have died — the number is still rising — many thousands are homeless and in need of emergency supplies. food and water are in short supply, and hospitals are overwhelmed with the injured. our first report this evening is by our correspondent jonathan head, who's in palu, one of the worst hit areas, on the island of sulawesi. three days under the ruins of an office building but he's alive. few of the victims have been as lucky as this 38—year—old man, pulled out after a three—hour rescue operation. many more are still buried in these impossible mountains of rubble. in the city centre they're trying to open some of the blocked roads. but from the air
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you can see what the indonesian government is up against. this is the village of balaroa, which was literally swallowed by the liquefying ground churned up by the earthquake. and here in petobo they were hit by a mudslide. sometimes it seems this city's been hit by a whole series of catastrophes, not just the earthquake and the tsunami. but in this neighbourhood a sea of mud that fell down the mountain and has buried all of the houses right up to halfway, and some of the inhabitants too. this man has come back with his youngest son to check what's left of his home. they had a narrow escape. "the mud came down right after the earthquake," he told me. three or four minutes later he and his family just ran, with only the clothes they were wearing. he and his neighbours have salvaged what they can but it isn't much.
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they need everything and they're not getting it yet. so palu's inhabitants are taking matters into their own hands. here trying to break into a small supermarket. gunfire and then being driven back by police officers who seemed afraid of being overrun. one hour later, though, the police relented and the crowd poured into the shop. they did make a token effort to stop non—essential items being looted. but a government unable to help most of these earthquake victims can't really stop them helping themselves. the first real sign of order we saw, this extraordinary line for petrol. each bottle with its own queue number while its owners sit in the shade for the long hours they'll have to wait.
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officials in indonesia say they've now reached all four badly affected districts on the island of sulawesi. help is starting to arrive and tonight britain said it would send a transporter plane full of aid to arrive in indonesia on thursday. in a moment, we'll talk to our correspondent jonathan head in palu, but first to our correspondent hywel griffith in the city of makassar. people here in the south sulawesi has been giving what they have to help the victims of the tsunami, this amount of donations or supplementing the official government efforts. but aid distribution on this island has felt painfully slow. international assistance is on the way, but so far not everyone who needs help is getting it. desperate for help after days without food, when the aid convoy finally arrived at this camp near donggala it was
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grab what you can. shelter and supplies are getting to some of the 60,000 people forced from their homes. but thousands more are out of reach with roads turned to rubble. naturally, indonesia's people want to help too. they've been donating boxes of food, water, mountains of clothes. the problem is getting it to those in need. with the roads impassable all of this will somehow have to be put on a boat and sailed to the north of the island. it is a frenetic, heartfelt response. but some of these volunteers also feel frustrated. we need more help from the government because we are human. we need all the help we can get. more help is coming slowly. the indonesian authorities admit they were not well prepared. it's not impossible to prepare for disasters like this but it is very difficult.
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one of the frustrations for the humanitarian sector is that disasters are treated as surprising events to which we all have to respond. whereas, actually, we mostly know where disasters take place. every aid flight which leaves this air base has returned carrying people fleeing the disaster zone. some clutch their only possessions, others hold onto the hope that missing relatives will be found. this woman told us her two—year—old niece hasn't been seen since friday. she's too young to speak, she says. the only words she knows are "mum" and "dad". the agony some here feel cannot be quelled. but they need their nation and the world to support them. hywel griffith, bbc news, on sulawesi. that was the scene in makassar. live to palu and our correspondentjonathan head.
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i suppose the question is, what is your assessment of the kind of success of the aid agencies in getting in there? well, we are hearing now of convoys arriving in palu there have been coming on the very long road up from further south on the island, this is a very isolated spot. anyone will tell you in a big disaster like this that a full on aid operation involving international aid agencies does take about a week to get going. 0ne does take about a week to get going. one of the problems, as you've seen from both of these reports, a security. the aid agencies will not send trucks in if they will get looted and there has been a problem of not of security forces on the ground. this city has in effect ceased to function, it is all most anarchic on the streets, you see very few police, people are stressed and angry and it's a volatile situation. if there is criticism of the indonesian government it was
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that they didn't have any real kind of preparation in place for a disaster on this scale and it is taking them are very long time to get the most basic services back, the sort of things water, things like that. when the security situation improves, which it is slowly, we will see more aid coming in the next few days. jonathan, once again, thank you for the latest on the aid effort, jonathan head in palu. borisjohnson has launched a wide—ranging attack on the prime minister's plans for brexit, telling the conservative conference that her strategy agreed at chequers in the summer was a "constitutional outrage" that would "cheat" the voters. the chequers plan is designed to tie the uk to a common rulebook with the eu — for trade in goods — which mrjohnson says would be "humiliating" for one of the world's biggest economies. the prime minister rejected the criticism to the break—up of the uk. and said that mrjohnson‘s own plans would lead to the break—up of the uk. as our political editor laura kuenssberg reports. deep breath. was he ready? was the party ready? this conference hadn't seen anything like this.
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is this a leadership bid, mrjohnson? brexiteer—in—chief, now the prime minister's critic—in—chief. what is he up to, your son, then? honestly, i think he's doing a truly useful and important thing here today. boris is the one they do want to hear and they want to hear that vision directly from him. wondering how big a crowd he'd find. announcer: borisjohnson. discovering more than 1,000, many who hate theresa may's so—called chequers compromise too. thank you. thank you, everybody, come on, sit down. what the chequers proposals show is that the united kingdom, for all its power and might, and network of influences around the world, for all its venerable parliamentary history, was unable ultimately to take back control. do not believe that we can
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somehow get it wrong now. bodge it now and fix it later. get out properly... that is a total fantasy! applause if we bottle brexit now, believe me, the people of this country will find it hard to forgive. there is time. this is the moment to chuck chequers. cheering and applause the stage was his, notjust on brexit, his spotlight alone. except, of course, borisjohnson is not the leader, not the prime minister. today, at least, she's competing in his shadow. did you watch borisjohnson‘s speech this afternoon? no, this afternoon i've been meeting activists, i've been talking to people about the conference, and i've been seeing a party that is in really good heart.
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people were certainly in good heart in the borisjohnson speech. more than 1,000 people cheered him for suggesting, demanding that you drop your chequers compromise plan. he said it is not democracy if you continue. first of all, there's one thing we all know about boris is that he'll put on a good show. what we have been doing at conference, and i think what matters to people out there, is what the government does and what we focus on in terms of their day—to—day lives and what matters to them. this is the man whom until recently you trusted to be your foreign secretary. do you want to directly stand up to him? first of all, boris, when he was foreign secretary, signed up to the chequers plan and then a few days later resigned from the cabinet. but he is directly challenging your authority, prime minister. borisjohnson has come here today and trampled all over that. you must be cross. how can you put up with it? well, there are one or two things that boris said that i am cross about.
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he wanted to tear up our guarantee to the people of northern ireland. northern ireland is part of the united kingdom. we are all, he and i, all members here, are members of the conservative and unionist party, and that's because we believe in the union of the united kingdom and northern ireland is part of that union. we have a guarantee for the people of northern ireland and we are upholding that. 0ur chequers plan does that, it's the only plan on the table at the moment that does. he left almost as quickly as he arrived. but theresa may knows that boris johnson is not just a loudmouth brexiteer, but her rival who will not simply be here today and gone tomorrow. laura kuenssberg reporting. during the day the prime minister insisted that the uk would have full control of immigration for the first time in decades, after brexit. she promised to reduce the number of unskilled workers coming to the uk, and to treat eu citizens
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the same as those from other parts of the world. our home editor mark easton has been to bournemouth to find out how these plans might work in action. regaining control of our borders is a fundamental aim of the government after brexit. among those who will be made less welcome, arriving here in dorset for example, are low—skilled migrant workers. but what is a low—skilled migrant? today, government ministers suggested it might mean a minimum salary, and the official advisers to the government have said that after brexit, a new immigration system should describe anyjob that pays less than £30,000 a year as low skilled. so, that would include many ca re workers, health workers, farm workers, construction workers, hospitality workers, the very people who currently keep this local area functioning. but the prime minister is clear, after brexit she wants the uk to become a low migration economy, with greater emphasis on british workers. we will be bringing an end to free movement once and for
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all, so we'll be able to decide the basis on which people come to the uk. that has not been possible many years, for people coming from the eu. that will change. the government says the new immigration strategy will prioritise high skilled workers, with no preferential treatment for eu citizens, and a minimum salary requirement to keep out lower skilled migrants. but in leave—voting retirement haven bournemouth, what might that mean for the care sector, for example? # you are my sunshine...# half of the staff at this care home are immigrants. the manager, herself from slovakia, says without foreign staff the situation would be bleak. i think most of the care homes will be shutdown because they take european people who work for them here. but why can't bournemouth‘s care sector employ more local people? we haven't had much success to date in recruiting new workers to find interest in a career in social care. tourism and hospitality adds almost
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£1 billion to bournemouth‘s economy, and employs close to 15,000 people. tea for you. without staff like lilian from spain, it has warned many businesses will close. service would be reduced considerably. it would have to come down to you carrying your own bags, you not having a restaurant in many of the hotels, and i'm afraid the service levels would be down to almost zero. it's the same question i'm asking everybody, why can't you get british people to do these jobs? i'm afraid the british people do not want to work in hospitality. the prime minister wants control of our borders, an end to free movement and a big fall in net migration, but she also wants to negotiate what is best for britain, and that is where the debate will rage. live to conservative conference in birmingham and laura kuenssberg. 0nly eve of the prime minister's big
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opportunity, what do you think she will try and do tomorrow? conference speeches are a huge platform is not just for their own parties but also for eddie party leader to use it as a shop window to talk notjust to their own side but also to reach out to the country and the prime minister who we had a glimpse of preparing carefully for that speech earlier today will be trying to show this conference and all of us that she has fuel in the tank to talk about something other than brexit, that she has thing she would like to do for the country, whether that is health, education or opportunities for people, she wants to show she can be the leader beyond at the tangle of brexit however difficult to get and however noisy the political clamour is. she will want to show and try to that she could be the person to change the
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conversation and make a difference to the lives of people after the fa ct of to the lives of people after the fact of departure which is expected to be march next year. the difficulty for her is notjust that she was overshadowed by boris johnson today, it is also an open question here already is whether she really has the authority and the credibility to be the person who can turn the page for the tories after our departure from the eu. laura, thank you. we will speak to you tomorrow. the government says it will give heterosexual couples in england and wales the right to enter into civil partnerships. the change follows a ruling by the supreme court that the current law violates human rights. previously civil partnerships were restricted to same—sex couples. an unarmed police officer who tried to tackle the westminster attacker last year has told an inquest he had no doubt that the man "was coming to kill police". khalid masood drove his car into pedestrians on westminster bridge in march last year — killing four people — before fatally stabbing pc keith palmer outside
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the houses of parliament. amazon says it is to increase the wages of its lowest—paid staff. it will now pay at least £9.50 an hour in the uk with a higher rate of £10.50 in london. the online retail giant has faced criticism over its working conditions and the amount of tax it pays. four mothers — who all have children with disabilities — have gone to the high court to challenge plans by surrey county council to cut the special needs budget by £21 million. the council is contesting claims by the women that the cuts are unlawful. it's the second such case to reach the high court within months — as our education editor bra nwen jeffreys reports. do you want something to eat? would you like a sandwich? alicia's son kian has settled in to school. toast. kian has autism and adhd. each day he gets council transport to a specialist school. it allows his mum to get his sister to school and herself to work.
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i do worry about transport because if he loses his transport then i cannot work because i will have to drive him to school. and collect him from school and the impact of that that would be that the state would have to pick up the cost of rent and pay the bills and support me not working. today she was one of four mums taking a case to the high court, challenging plans by surrey county council to spend less — less on services for children like kian with special needs or disabilities, asking the court to decide if there should have been consultation. parents from around england were in court because they're fighting similar battles. council budgets are under increasing pressure. and in many areas, the demand for support for children with special needs is growing faster than the funding. in court, surrey county council's lawyers argued "a decision to include savings in the budget does not equate to a decision to alter services". and jonathan moffett qc
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added changes would not happen until a proper decision—making process has taken place. experts say council budgets have faced their biggest reductions since the second world war, and the political pressure is building. when parents, particularly when they are trying to use a case to lean on government at a time when privately many conservative mps know that there is a reaction against the so—called austerity, there is a risk that the government finds itself on the back foot when a number of these cases come to court. the mums tell me they will keep campaigning. many have battled for support for their children's extra needs. it's not about getting extra violin lessons or something for our kids. this is about the support they need to achieve their full potential. they now have to wait to hear from the court. another similar case will be heard within weeks.
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other parents have raised money to challenge the government on special—needs budgets. branwen jeffreys, bbc news. a scientist who pioneered the use of lasers has become the first woman to win the nobel prize for physics in more than half a century. donna strickland from canada was one of three scientists to share this year's award — the other winners were a frenchman and an american. 0ur science correspondent victoria gill has the story. 2018 nobel prize in physics... the ultimate scientific accolade and professor donna strickland is only the third woman ever to have won a nobel prize in physics. she and her fellow winners were honoured for what the committee called ground—breaking inventions in laser physics. professor strickland devised a way to use lasers as precise drilling or cutting tools, millions of eye operations are
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performed every year with these sharpest of laser beams. when professor strickland spoke to me from her home she was still reeling from her home she was still reeling from the shock of a 5am phone call telling her she would have become the first woman in 55 years to win a physics nobel prize. how surprising do think it is that you are the third woman to win this prize?m do think it is that you are the third woman to win this prize? it is surprising. i think that is the story that people want to talk about, why should it take 60 years? there are so many women out there are doing fantastic research, so why does it take so long to get recognise? physics still has one of the largest gender gaps in science. 0ne the largest gender gaps in science. one study concluded that at the current rate it would be more than two centuries until they were equal numbers of senior male and female researchers in the field. not only is this great for women, it is great for early career researchers that you can make discoveries and inventions that will change the world and you can do that at any
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point in yourcareerand world and you can do that at any point in your career and it does not matter what background or gender you are. the last woman to win a physics nobel was it a woman in 1963 for her discoveries about atoms, before that it was married here he shared the 1903 prize with her husband. this year ‘s winners hope that breaking this half—century hiatus will mean a focus on future will be on the research, rather than the gender of the researcher. victoria gill, bbc news. for several months, china and the united states have been engaged in a conflict over trade. president trump has imposed billions of dollars' worth of tariffs on chinese goods — while china has retaliated in kind — sparking fears of a further escalation. there's also concern over china's military moves in the south china sea. but how much of a threat to the west is modern china? our world affairs editor john simpson reports from beijing. in the breathtaking setting of the great wall, a ukrainian model poses for a british fashion photographer. still, it is the dress
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that is the centre of attention and that is chinese designed. yes, china is open to the world, but increasingly on china's own terms. the wall was built to keep the outside world at arms' length. now, the long centuries of isolation are over. today, everything here is about outreach. china is building an immense new transport network, the belt and road initiative, to spread its goods and influence worldwide. this man is a small cog in this vast project, working on a new airport in chengdu. i feel extremely excited and i feel the weight of responsibility on my shoulders. i understand, too, for the country's development, we need to make
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personal sacrifices. 0ne sacrifice is that he is separated from his daughter. she is in africa, working on a new airport for zambia, part of the belt and road initiative. it can increase the trade between china and other countries. still, as chinese technology starts to become dominant, the west increasingly sees china as a threat. this intricate dance for 100 driverless cars was staged by china's rival to google, baidu. and now baidu is trying out a driverless bus. yet baidu's president says that china isn't a threat. china is a positive force for the world.
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and i think the us needs to understand that and the world needs to understand that. for companies like baidu, we thrive in china, but we would also like to be a global player. for decades now, china has been biding its time, getting quietly richer and stronger. now, though, it feels the moment has arrived. one year ago, over there in the great hall of the people, xijinping who is leaderfor life if he chooses to be, committed china to becoming a world leader in innovation, in influence and in military power. what he did not add was that china is also becoming far more authoritarian. my local producer shows me what happens if you try to text the name of a government critic on social media. i'm going to say we would like to
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arrange an interview. that is going through. see what happens when you put in his name. let us do that. you have sent it, but it has not come through. so it is blocked. yet even though he is constantly monitored, i managed to meet up with another dissident, a journalist who recently wrote an open letter strongly critical of president xi. currently under xi jinping, power is becoming more and more concentrated. the country will be under more tyranny. there will be more stamping on the rule of law. the outlook is completely pessimistic. the problem is that china's values are so different from those of the west. it demands total obedience to the state and resents any outside criticism, though china insists it is no threat to the west. what does it all come down to?
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is china the west's friend or potential enemy? well, it is too rich and too inclined to flex its muscles to be an easy friend yet it is not so much a foe as a competitor. the trouble is, history shows that competition unchecked can have a dangerous habit of turning really nasty. john simpson, bbc news, on the great wall. football and both manchester clubs were in action in the champions' league tonight. there was pressure on the united boss jose mourinho after a series of poor results. 0ur sports editor dan roan was watching. having lost their opening champions league match, manchester city needed a fast start in germany. they got anything bad. hofenheim took the
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lead in the first minute. city's response was swift, sergio ag ero with the equaliser a few minutes later. against resolute opponents, the visitors had to wait longer for the visitors had to wait longer for the winner they craved, with full—time looming, david silva's moment proved decisive. city's european campaign by contract. after their sluggish start to the season, manchester united even turned up late at old trafford having got stuck in traffic. far from late at old trafford having got stuck in traffic. farfrom ideal preparation for a match thatjose mourinho dared not lose. if the holes were hoping for a response to recent bad results, this was not what they had in mind.


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