this is bbc news. i'm sophie long. the headlines at 11 — the world's top climate scientists issue their starkest warning yet and call for urgent action to stop rising temperatures causing catastrophic damage to the planet. if action is not taken, it would ta ke if action is not taken, it would take the planet into an unprecedented climate future if we compared to what has happened during all of human evolutionary history. the second suspect in the salisbury nerve agent attack is named as a russian military doctor working for russia's intelligence service. the family of celia marsh, the second customer believed to have had a fatal allergic reaction to a pret a manger sandwich, have demanded answers over her death. and at 11:30, well be taking an in—depth look at the papers with our reviewers liam halligan and dawn foster. stay with us for that. the world's top climate
scientists are urging people to change the way they live in order to avoid catastrophic climate change in the future. they warn that governments must make major policy changes now to reduce the impact of rising global temperatures. among the mesaures individuals can take are giving up meat, driving electric cars and throwing less away. the scientists say a rise in global temperatures ofjust 1.5 degrees above pre industrial levels by the end of the century will mean rapid and unprecedented changes to all aspects of society. 2 degrees warmer will mean millions of people losing their homes because of flooding as sea levels rise. but the intergovernmental panel on climate change says the world is currently on track for much worse — a rise of 3 degrees. our science editor david
shukman is in south korea where the report was revealed. the warming of the earth is heading for levels that modern humans have never experienced. that's the unnerving implication of this latest report. it says the rise of the oceans could accelerate, even with what sounds like a small increase in temperature. heatwaves are set to become more intense, sooner than expected. and forest fires, combined with more warming, will have a profound impact on wildlife. when the report was unveiled at a press conference here in south korea, it came with a startling conclusion. if action is not taken, it will take the planet into an unprecedented climate future, if we compare it to what has happened during all of human evolutionary history. the report says massive cuts are needed in the gases warming the atmosphere. that means turning away from fossil fuels like oil
because, when they're burned, they give off carbon dioxide. vast new forests must also be planted to soak up the gas to have any chance of keeping global warming to a safe level. the report has sent a very clear message that if we don't act now and have substantial reductions in carbon dioxide emissions over the next decade, we are really making it very challenging to impossible to keep warming below 1.5 degrees. the report spells out that greenhouse gases must fall by 45% by 2030, just over a decade away. it says that up until 2035 it would cost 2.5% of global gdp — that's the total value of goods and services around the world. not cheap, but the scientists say it will help. and renewable energy, they say, must produce 85% of our electricity by 2050. the obvious question that arises from the radical
suggestions in this report is, is any of this remotely feasible? so many countries depend on coal, the dirtiest of the fossil fuels, and have plans to use more of it. and the vast majority of vehicles on the roads use petrol and diesel. 0n the other hand, there are some significant developments under way. the cost of renewable energy, like solar and wind, is falling, making it much more viable. and electric cars are set to become more mainstream, as the major new factories invest in them. but, however this plays out, making a change on this scale is going to be a huge challenge. the key decisions on this now pass to the countries that are the biggest polluters, like china and the united states. but the report also says that people going about their everyday lives have a say as well. we can all make choices about
the energy we choose to consume. so, we can make a move, through our choices of energy consumption to renewable energy, to provide the market for renewable energy. in terms of land, a lot of the land we use produces food. so, we can make choices, dietary choices, about what we choose to eat. around the conference centre, new skyscrapers and highways crawling with traffic. all this relies on fossil fuels. and, like many development around the world, it will be incredibly hard to change. the scientists here have mapped out a way of minimising global warming. we'll now see what everyone makes of it. david shukman, bbc news, in south korea. so what can individuals do to help fight climate change? 0ur science correspondent, victoria gill, has been looking at the small changes that could make a big difference. as alarming as the message about climate change is, modern life keeps
moving. how can any one of us make changes to help the now urgent fight against climate change. 0ne changes to help the now urgent fight against climate change. one way, scientists point out, is to think more about carbon dioxide, the most prevalent greenhouse gas in our atmosphere, is in the food we eat. that is something shoppers are adding to their list of concerns. that is something shoppers are adding to their list of concernsm is really important to reduce the amount ofair is really important to reduce the amount of air miles are foodies travelling. it is not doing anyone any good by using so much fueljust to buy food. we check the label and so to buy food. we check the label and so often the film isn't recyclable and that is a concern and it could be massively improved. and that is a concern and it could be massively improvedlj and that is a concern and it could be massively improved. i think meat is cut down, totally. i bought chicken, husband here. meet, red meat is a no—no. we have cut it out completely. why is that? is that
health or environmental? health, basically. but that chimes com pletely basically. but that chimes completely with the environmental impact of meat and dairy versus vegetables. while animal products providejust vegetables. while animal products provide just 80% of our calories, they take up 80% of global farmland and their production produces significantly more greenhouse gas. and then there is transport. while some people might be investing in an electric car, there are much cheaper decisions every one of us can make every day about how we move around. last year, transport accounted for more than one third of uk carbon dioxide emissions. a total of 124.4 metric tons. that is a number that oui’ metric tons. that is a number that our decisions can influence. according to the world health organization, one passenger making a journey of one kilometre by car, it is an average of 100 and 29g journey of one kilometre by car, it is an average of 100 and 29 g of carbon. —— 129. travelling by bus is just over 101g carbon. —— 129. travelling by bus is just over 101 g will stop travelling by cycle is no carbon at all. we
should be using electricity supplies from renewable sources. as some countries raised to become carbon neutral, it has become a priority. we are trying to encourage a supplies to provide green, renewable energy. we can do it through solar panels, wind turbines and also lower energy consuming goods and services. what is now apparent is the time we all have to make a positive difference is now rapidly running out. our science editor david shukman is in incheon, south korea where that report was unveiled. he explained what may be the next step. i think the key response now is from government around the world. both in terms of what they think of this report and whether they might do anything about it. what is striking is that over the past week, many governments have had delegations here going through the report, scrutinising it line by line, challenging the scientists on their
conclusions. those delegations have included teams from donald trump's america and also from oil—rich saudi arabia. they have had to give their approval before the report could be published. on the other hand, we know that donald trump wants to take america out of the paris agreement, the only deal varies to tackle climate change internationally. we know that the frontrunner in brazil's presidential election also wa nts to ta ke brazil's presidential election also wants to take brazil out in the same direction. on the other hand, you have major companies making big investments in solar and wind, whether that is enough to do what the scientists think is needed is very unlikely. the second suspect in the salisbury nerve agent attack has been named. the investigative website, bellingcat, says the man who called himself alexander petrov and claimed to be a tourist is in fact a military doctor, employed by the russian intelligence service - the gru. the website says the 39 year old is dr alexander mishkin. here's our home affairs
correspondent, daniel sandford. the cathedral city of salisbury in march and the two men suspected of poisoning sergei and julia skripal. they are using false identities. the man on the left has been identified. the man on the right has tonight been named by the bellingcat investigation website as a doctor. dr alexander mishkin. . bellingcat have i not these three pictures of him. the website said he'd chain —— trained ina him. the website said he'd chain —— trained in a military academy before being recruited either gr year, russian military intelligence. they also obtained this picture of his passport. his false passport had the same date of birth and he apparently even same date of birth and he apparently eve n ke pt same date of birth and he apparently even kept the first names into —— first names of his parents in his false identity. he gave an
interview. he, on the right, is dr alexander mishkin. . they are suspected of using this adapted perfume bottle to spray novichok on the door handle of sergei and yulia skripal‘s doorknob. they spent time in hospital before recovering but dawn stu rgess in hospital before recovering but dawn sturgess who handled the perfume bottle months later, died from the effects of the nerve agent. with both of russia's gru officers now identified, our security correspondent gordon corera explained the impact this may now have within moscow's covert world. the second gr you officer identified took longer for bellingcat to come up took longer for bellingcat to come up because he had an more sparse digital footprint. they were able to do photo matching to identify him and put the two names together. officials i spoken to, no one is disputing the identification. the most interesting thing is that he is
a doctor, perhaps relevant when you are talking about the application of the nerve agent. and also that these are two sports nutritionist who came to see the cathedral. while this doesn't change the story, what i think it does do is raise more questions about the russian narrative and about the competence of the gr you. and why it has been so of the gr you. and why it has been so easy to of the gr you. and why it has been so easy to uncover of the gr you. and why it has been so easy to uncover these aren't telling —— intelligence officers. an interesting aspect is that there are reports out of russia today that blood amid putin himself is unhappy with the gr you. —— vladimir putin. -- gru. britain's biggest carmaker, jaguar land rover, says it is closing its factory in solihull for two weeks at the end of this month in response to weakening global demand. employees will be paid during the closure and no jobs will be lost. a drop in diesel sales and tougher emissions standards have hit the industry in recent months. president donald trump has said the sex assault claims made
against his new supreme court justice brett kava naugh were a hoax and all made up. mr trump condemned democratic calls to impeach the judge as an "insult to the american public". well, bbc news will bring you live of brett kavanaugh being sworn in as a justice on the supreme court — from midnight tonight. a 42—year—old mother to 8 children has been named as the second person who died from a suspected allergic reaction after eating a sandwich bought from pret—a—manger. celia marsh from wiltshire collapsed in december. pret—a—manger says it was mis—sold yoghurt which was supposedly dairy—free by a third party. but the supplier strenuously denies that. duncan kennedy reports. this was celia marsh with her husband andy on their wedding day. it is a series of photos released tonight by her family. celia, in the middle at the back,
sharing a christmas with four of her eight children. tonight a legal representative released this statement on behalf of the family. she was a much loved mother, daughter, sister and wife. we miss her greatly and we just want answers into how she died after eating lunch with herfamily. this was the type of vegetarian sandwich celia marsh ate in december last year. she bought it at this pret shop in bath last year and died later that afternoon. pret—a—manger said it was one of its suppliers, a company called coyo, that mis—sold them the yoghurt used in that sandwich. it says it believed the yoghurt was dairy free. it says it is now taking legal action against coyo.
but tonight coyo have told the bbc they have done nothing wrong. firstly, i would like to say our sincerest condolences to the family. secondly, the allegations made by pret are unfounded and highly misleading. this second death comes after the death of another girl who died two years ago after eating a pret—a—manger baguette that she bought at heathrow airport. after her inquest natasha's family welcomed the decision to change the labelling on its food. celia marsh's funeral took place injanuary. a spokesman for the coroner said they were still waiting for the results of pathology tests. duncan kennedy, bbc news. the headlines on bbc news:
climate scientists give their starkest warning yet, and call for urgent action to stop rising temperatures causing catastrophic damage to the planet. the second suspect in the salisbury nerve agent attack is named as a russian military doctor working for russia's intelligence service. the family of celia marsh, the second customer believed to have had a fatal allergic reaction to a pret a manger sandwich, have demanded answers over her death. an inquest has heard that the acting commissioner of the metropolitan police stayed in his car as an unarmed officer was stabbed during the westminster attack because he had no protective equipment. sir craig mackey was leaving the houses of parliament in march last year when he witnessed the murder of pc keith palmer. richard lister reports. gunfire. the moment when the westminster attacker was shot dead, and then, 20 seconds later, a dark blue official bmw is driven out
of the gates of parliament. inside was sir craig mackey, the acting head of the metropolitan police, who ended up leading the force's response. to ourfallen colleague, pc palmer... but, until his evidence today, he had never publicly described what he himself had witnessed. by chance, when the attack started, sir craig was leaving a meeting at the house of commons. his official car had nearly left parliament when he saw khalid masood enter the gates and attack pc keith palmer. at this point, sir craig's car doors were locked. i saw two stab attempts into the torso of pc palmer, sir craig told the inquestjury, two absolutely determined stab movements. he then saw pc palmer run right past his car, followed by the attacker, khalid masood. he then heard the sound
of khalid masood being shot by a close protection officer. sir craig said he tried to get out of the car, but a pc told him to shut the door, keep himself safe, and leave. he was then driven away to start co—ordinating the metropolitan police response to the attack. richard lister, bbc news. scotland's first minister, nicola sturgeon, says the scottish national party will vote down any brexit deal that would see the uk leave the eu single market and the customs union. at her party's conference in glasgow, she also said that her 35 mps would back a so—called people's vote, a second referendum on eu membership. here is our scotland editor sarah smith. anyone here hoping to learn when there might be another independence referendum has come to the wrong place. but there is another vote on offer.
the snp will support a second referendum on brexit. i don't think it would be right for us to stand in the way of people elsewhere in the uk getting the chance to change their minds. and it would also, i think, be odd for us to not grasp an opportunity for scotland to reaffirm its vote to remain in the eu. you've got no guarantees you won't have the same outcome that you did in 2016 — scotland votes to remain, but it is outnumbered by the vote of the rest of the uk, what could you do about that? i've been very frank — it doesn't necessarily solve the problem scotland finds itself in. yes, we can look at options that might protect scotland's position. but fundamentally, the only real protection for scotland against having decisions imposed on us against our will is for scotland to become independent. education matters deeply to the snp, but they currently have a problem in the classroom. controversial computerised school tests they introduced for five—year—olds were voted down by the scottish parliament last month. that vote does not force the government to abandon the tests,
even though every other party opposes them. these parties have no right to play politics with the education of children and young people in scotland. but will that parliamentary defeat change the policy? we will come forward with a proper consideration of parliament's views, but also what we consider necessary to continue that progress in education. but it would be easy for you now to say that you will set out the details later but you agree with the scottish parliament to halt primary one testing, because that's what they voted for, and you think that parliamentary votes should be upheld. look, i will — we will reflect the parliamentary vote, we will reflect on the parliamentary vote, but we are considering how best to move forward. so you are considering defying the parliament? you can carry on with this as long as you like, i am not into say any more than i have. i believe very strongly that it is wrong to allow children to get to perhaps primary
4 or primary 7 before we have an understanding that they're falling behind and need extra help. this poses something of a dilemma for the snp. they insist the will of the scottish parliament should be respected when it votes for an independence referendum, so it is hard to ignore it when they vote against one of their key policies, and education is the main priority for the snp. at conference, they care deeply about the push for independence. voters care about what happened in scottish schools. sarah smith, bbc news, glasgow. four sisters are among 20 people who died ina four sisters are among 20 people who died in a limousine crash in upstate new york. all those travelling inside the limousine as well as two pedestrians were killed. officials say it is the worst us transport tragedy in nearly a decade. officials in beijing have confirmed that the missing chinese head of interpol is being held in china
on allegations of bribe—taking. meng hongwei disappeared last week after travelling from interpol headquarters in france to china. mr meng is the latest high—profile target to be ensnared in china's sweeping anti—corruption campaign. in the first case of its kind, an 85—year—old retired doctor in spain has been found guilty of taking a newborn baby from her mother nearly 50 years ago, and having her illegally adopted, under a practice targeted at political dissidents during general franco's dictatorship. but a court allowed the former doctor to walk free, as lucy williamson reports from madrid. sometimes history is told through a single face, a single trial. the story of ines madrigal was recognised by spain for the first time today — a glimpse into the country's difficult past. dr eduardo vela was found to have stolen the newborn ines from her mother 49 years ago, faking her birth certificate
and giving her to another couple as a gift. but, despite committing the crimes, dr vela walked free today, pending the prosecution's appeal, because the court decided it was too late under the law to convict him. translation: i don't mind that he's not going to jail. that's not the most important thing. it'll be very difficult for him to leave his house, because everyone will recognise him. everyone will know what he did. so, for me, he's been condemned anyway. the trial of dr vela has broken decades of silence on what campaigners say is a dark part of spain's history. they say there are tens of thousands of children like ines who were stolen from their mothers straight after birth by medical staff or members of the catholic church. but the court's verdict today may mean that none of those who are guilty ever go to jail. campaigners believe the initial targets were political opponents to general franco's post—war dictatorship. but later included poor and unmarried mothers,
whose children were believed to be better off with wealthy catholic families. it continued as a lucrative trade in child trafficking after franco's death, campaigners say, until at least the late 1980s, when the adoption law was changed. paula's baby disappeared immediately after birth, 44 years ago, before she was able to give her first—born child a name, or even learn its gender. translation: every year, i write a letter to him or to her. you were nine months in my belly, i say. those five seconds when i glimpsed you, i've loved you ever since. you were going to be my first child. i was full of hope. but mothers across spain are celebrating this first step in acknowledging the past. and a justice that, for now, is more about truth than punishment. lucy williamson, bbc news, madrid.
and we will be taking an in—depth look at the papers with our reviewers, liam halligan from the daily telegraph and dawn foster from the guardian. that is coming upjust after the headlines at 11:30pm. now it is time for the weather, with nick miller. hello. if your week of weather has started wet or cloudy, we are about to transit form things, certainly transforming the sky above derbyshire by wednesday —— transform things. clear blue sky and across much of the uk by wednesday. temperatures were lived in the warm spots to 24 celsius, the warmest october day since 2011. even in scotland, widely five to eight degrees above normal for the time of year. that does mean finally shifting the rain from north—west scotland, along this wriggling weather front. over time scotland, along this wriggling weatherfront. over time it is scotland, along this wriggling weather front. over time it is out of the way of tuesday night, we could have amassed storms totalling
over 200 millimetres here. still raining during tuesday so still that risk of getting some flooding and travel disruption here. elsewhere, any rain turns more patchy and just about fizzles out. england and wales mainly dry, the best of the sunshine in eastern england. 20 degrees with warmth more widely going into wednesday. finally that weather front gets the message and clears north. we are in this flow of very warm airfrom the north. we are in this flow of very warm air from the south, a north. we are in this flow of very warm airfrom the south, a bit north. we are in this flow of very warm air from the south, a bit misty in places for wednesday morning but for the bulk of the day you can see the land and rarely anything else. that means blue sky all the day for many of us and those temperatures responding, to again a high of around 24 celsius through parts of eastern england, even in scotland 23 degrees could be yours. the chance ofa degrees could be yours. the chance of a shower in south wales and south—west england towards the end of the day. it means more complicated weather story going in the thursday with a couple of weather fronts coming in towards the uk. and that means more cloud around. the chance was seeing some rain on thursday but there is a gap between these weather systems. you
could see some sunshine as well but where you have rain after wednesday's lou skype will feel cooler but it is not cold anyway, and still around 20 orjust above in the warm spots. old more significant weather system comes away for friday, a deep area of low pressure and still some uncertainty about the track. northern ireland and western scotla nd track. northern ireland and western scotland could well see the strongest winds by friday, gusting 70 to 80 mph with some travel disruption as a result. a blustery day ride across the uk. some outbreaks of rain, not everywhere, could well avoid eastern england where it stays sunny and warm. something to play for in the detail on friday so keep on getting the forecast but with the potential for the impacts on travel, it is worth having in your mind things turning stormy in the end of the week. what about the weekend ? stormy in the end of the week. what about the weekend? clues on the current satellite picture as we take you to the mid—atlantic and its tropical weather system, leslie, forecast to become a hurricane as it moves east in the coming days. most
likely heading closer to iberia by the time we get to the weekend, but some computer models have it coming a little bit further north and it may have an impact on our weather. we will keep watching. most likely on saturday, we have a trailing weather front from friday's storm. it may not be exactly where you see it here, so outdoor plant saturday and sunday, we will keep you updated on that. and then into next week, it looks like low pressure will always be close to the north—west of the uk. the closer you are to that, the more likely you will see spells of wind and rain in northern and western parts of the uk but with brighter and quieter moments in between. not a huge amount of rain reaching down towards the south and east but there will be a little bit at times and still a south—westerly flow coming into the uk. so the next week is still looking mild but not as warm as it will be this week on wednesday. hello. this is bbc news. we'll be taking a look at tomorrow mornings papers in a moment — first the headlines.
the world's top climate scientists have issued their starkest warning yet, saying that huge changes are needed to government policies and individual lifestyles in order to avoid a catastrophic rise in global temperatures. the bellingcat investigative website has named the second suspect in the salisbury nerve agent attack as dr alexander mishkin, a military doctor working for russia's intelligence service — the gru. the family of celia marsh, the second customer believed to have had a fatal allergic reaction to a pret a manger sandwich, have demanded answers over her death. britain's biggest carmaker jaguar land rover says it will close its solihull plant for two weeks this month — after a 50% fall in sales to china.