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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  November 19, 2018 9:00pm-10:01pm GMT

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hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. the chairman of nissan is arrested over claims he failed to declare $41; million of income. it's reported carlos ghosn will be fired. translation: way beyond feeling sorry, ifeel great anger and disappointment. theresa may says her draft deal on britain's withdrawal from the european union will protect jobs. ministers from the 27 states have given their full support. president trump says we may never know who's responsible for the death of the saudi journalist jamal khashoggi, adding the country's crown prince had called him at least five times to say he wasn't involved in his murder. and we'll tell you more about the chinese author who's been sentenced to ten years in prison for writing a novel
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featuring gay sex scenes. this is carlos ghosn. he's the chairman of nissan — and a giant of the car industry. many credit him with turning around nissan and renault. now, nissan says he's been arrested injapan for lying about his pay. this started with a whistle—blower. then nissan investigated. now the japanese authorities are involved. according to japanese media, the allegation is that between 2011 and 2016, mr goan was paid $88 million. but he only declared mit—million. this is the ceo of nissan in tokyo. translation: way beyond feeling sorry,
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ifeel great anger and disappointment. the lesson we need to learn from the negative parts of ghosn‘s rule was that power was too concentrated in one person. carlos goan is chairman of nissan, renault and mitsubishi. he was the mastermind of that alliance and it sold more cars in 2017 than any other manufacturer in the world. he was even immortalised in a well—known japanese comic book. this is an enormous story there. but also in europe, too. particularly in sunderland in the north of england where nissan runs one of the biggest car plants in europe. and in paris, where renault is headquarted. and this is what happened on the paris stock market — renault shares fell sharply. picking up a little bit but remaining low. this is such an
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important story, president emmanuel macron has been commenting. translation: the state, as a shareholder, will be extremely vigilant concerning the alliance and with the group itself, we will be extremely vigilant regarding the stability for all its staff. the state will provide all support to the employees. our business reporter leisha santorelli told me what we can expect now that mr ghosn is behind bars. at the thursday board meeting, mr ghosn is going to be ousted from nissan and that mitsubishi motors is likely to be the same. we haven't heard yet from renault, but this is really a stunning fall from grace for one of the most famous business figures in the car industry. this man, as you mentioned, had a comic named after him. we had autograph hunters and even people having bracelets with his image on it. he really revolutionised, basically, how business was done injapan. he was a foreigner who came in. he took nissan, which was in mountains of debt, and turned it around by shutting
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factories and axing tens of thousands of jobs. he didn't believe, at the time, that he had more than 50% chance of success, but he managed to do it. and yet, now, in the country where he made his fame he is also now sitting from the sea suite, sitting from a jail cell. some people will be watching, thinking how would it be possible, if you wanted to, to hide a salary in that way, in a company that presumably has accounting systems? the years, we have seen a number of very high—profile firms come out with accounting irregularities or something wrong with their financial statements. for example, in 2015, toshiba announced that, for years, executives had been inflating profits. and then we saw similar issues at olympus. there are questions as to whetherjapan has really been able to tighten its corporate governance and oversight into its audits, where if people were hiding figures or taking money, for example, how was someone not able to spot it? have we heard from mr ghosn? we haven't heard from mr ghosn, but the process injapan is that,
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basically, once you have made an arrest, he can be detained for about three days. but the thing about mr ghosn, as you mentioned, he oversees this massive global alliance with many jobs at stake. this three—way partnership between renault, nissan and mitsubishi motors is the reason why investors are really shaken. they are concerned that, first of all, even before this scandal came out, people were concerned about succession. who was going to be able to step into his shoes and take over the job of running this massive partnership, which produces one out of every nine cars, by the way. nine cars, by the way? and be able to bridge those cultural gaps between the french and the japanese. and mr ghosn was considered unique in that respect. he's a polyglot, he has a very international background and real business savvy. and yet, with this scandal, now the concern is that not only will they not have a successor, this alliance could come apart and that's what's driving share prices down. king salman of saudi arabia has made his first public comments on the murder of the saudi journalist jamal khashoggi. this was his annual
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address earlier in riyadh. he said he trusted his kingdom's judiciary, and the public prosecutors. remember, they have charged 11 people over the murder and are seeking the death penalty, for five of them. the trouble is many questions remain about who ordered the murder. critics suggest the saudi authorities may not be the most objective people to assess this. jamal khashoggi was a prominant critic of the saudi government and he was killed inside in the saudi consulate in istanbul in early october. his body has not been found. last week, the washington post reported that the cia believes saudi's de—facto ruler, crown prince mohammad bin salman, ordered his murder. on sunday, president trump said this on fox news. he told me that he had nothing to do with it. he told me that, i would say, maybe, five times, at different points... but what if he's lying? recently as a few days ago. do you just live with it,
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because you need him? well, will anybody really know? but at the same time, we do have an ally and i want to stick with an ally that, in many ways, has been very good. saudi arabia insists the reported cia claim is not true. and this is interesting from a london—based arabic newspaper. its headline reads "regional affairs must not be exploited to target saudi arabia". you could be forgiven for thinking that is happening already. let's go live to riyadh and speak to lyse doucet. you watch these things closely, can you feel a difference in saudi arabia's diplomatic standing because of this murder? this is what eve ryo ne of this murder? this is what everyone is asking. i have been in this region for the past week. and
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asking whether the crisis at over the murder of jamal khashoggi, asking whether the crisis at over the murder ofjamal khashoggi, one of the greatest dramatic crisis to hit the kingdom is going to cause it to change its policies, to try to give way, if you like, and other issues. on other issues. to stabilise things with other allies including united states and britain. many have said they believed the saudis will give greater... perhaps greater concessions on yemen and even look to restore relations with qatar. it's not going to be so simple. you really feel in saudi arabia that these are separate issues. we are looking at the jamal khashoggi affair ourselves and we have taken 21 people into custody, we have indicted 11 people, seeking the death penalty for five. the war in yemen is something else and our crisis with qatar is something else. besides, people are pointing out that the pressure on the saudi kingdom on these matters came before
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the jamal can such it murder. there has been pressure growing on both sides of the house —— on the jamal khashoggi murder. legislation is being prepared, which is calling to an end for arms sales to saudi arabia over the deteriorating situation in yemen. and the major humanitarian crisis there. when you are sitting in the kingdom, it doesn't seem so simple and straightforward. i saw you tweeting earlier that when he said nothing about jamal khashoggi, king earlier that when he said nothing aboutjamal khashoggi, king salman was saying something, tell me what you were getting at. i'd talked to a lot of people asking why the king didn't say anything, this was his opportunity, his setting out the agenda for next year. it was built that he would speak about domestic and foreign policy. there was much speculation as to what he would say about the murder of jamal speculation as to what he would say about the murder ofjamal khashoggi and he chose to say nothing. at
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least nothing directly. a number of people said to me it wasn't the place will be keen to speak and others said we don't want him to keep talking about it. i think the king decided, and he doesn't often speak, that he wouldn't but there we re speak, that he wouldn't but there were hints in it when he talked about but no crime should go unpunished and he talked about the fa ct unpunished and he talked about the fact that the governance has to be improved and there should be no m ista kes improved and there should be no mistakes or errors. perhaps there we re mistakes or errors. perhaps there were hints in that speech. but the greatest message that came out of that was that his favourite son, the crown prince mohammed bin sluman we re crown prince mohammed bin sluman were sitting in the front row and he was praised by his father for carrying out social and economic reform in the kingdom. the only instructions from his father was pay more attention to saudi youth, to try to getjobs for them. you got a sense, at least in public, what the priorities of the kingdom are now. and who is still in favour. the man
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who the cia has said, according to newspaper reports, they believe he gave the orderfor newspaper reports, they believe he gave the order for the assassination ofjamal gave the order for the assassination of jamal khashoggi. they gave the order for the assassination ofjamal khashoggi. they are pushing back against that in the kingdom. there is that phrase perception is reality and you really get a sense that if there is one perception outside the kingdom and that there is one inside. you talk about the social changes. you often come onto outside source to give up a hand to understand the situation in saudi arabia and we talked about those social reforms brought in by the crown prince. has the temp —— has the khashoggi murder changed the perception of what that is?” the khashoggi murder changed the perception of what that is? i think they are different things. i think it has been clear and evenjamal khashoggi wrote about this. how the young crown prince, 33 years old was doing nothing yet but upending a whole conservative hierarchy in saudi arabia, taking on the clerics,
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who have been restricting women's rights, putting religious beliefs on the streets. on one visit after another people talked about how it was the crown prince who made sure the religious beliefs weren't harassing women. he was seen as being a driving force behind allowing women to drive again. when icame allowing women to drive again. when i came here a few years ago, you didn't see any women working in shops but now women are working everywhere, not just shops but now women are working everywhere, notjust working in shops, they are actually owning shops. all of that has been clear under the crown prince as well as he is trying to carry out economic reforms. but it has been equally clear that he is not a democrat, it is an absolute monarchy and that his approach to dissidents, to political reform, is of an entirely different order. this is what we are still trying to piece together. what was the nature of the disagreement with jamal khashoggi, whoever ordered the assassination. was it that he was criticising the crown prince? was it the accusations that he was too
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close to the muslim brotherhood, the political islamists? calling for the kind of political freedoms that the crown prince was simply not going to accept and those around him neither? you have to look at these things in a different way. now people are putting it together and wondering if the kingdom has the kind of leadership that is fit for purpose. what they are saying here is that you have to keep the crown prince in line for the throne, otherwise they say that things will get even worse. all the discussion outside the country about whether he could fall from grace and fall from power, you don't see any evidence of that here. he is here to stay, as far as all the signs indicate now. thank you. follow us on twitter and you will get updates on many countries around the world. for years, the number of cases of malaria has been falling. not any more.
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last year, the world health organisation said there were 219 million cases of malaria, two million more than the previous year. you can see the uptick in the figures. and more than 435,000 people died from it. malaria is a parasitic disease transmitted through the bite of mosquitoes. children are the most vulnerable because they haven't developed proper defences. the vast majority of cases are in sub—saharan africa. in fact, just four african countries, nigeria, democratic republic of the congo, mozambique and uganda, have almost half of all cases globally. these are their percentages of malaria cases. here's the director of world health organisation's global malaria programme. funding has flat lined at around $3 billion, per year. that's about the same as we had in 2013. it's a lot of resources that have allowed us to make the unprecedented progress we have made. but it is still about only half of what we estimate would
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be needed, to achieve the 2020 targets. one of the countries most affected is uganda. here's an expert on malaria from there. in uganda, there has been a stoning in the numbers. so, the total number of cases in the past one year and in the past one year was about 12 million cases of people contracted malaria. also, the number of deaths from malaria actually reduced. so, we had about 5,000 people die from malaria, down from almost 10,000. this is in spite of a countrywide distribution of bed nets. so, one of the clear interventions where one can prevent the contact between the mosquito and the human. the other one is also pockets,
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where the ministry of health has been able to apply interventions to reduce malaria incidence, that's by indoor spraying. this has been done in isolated areas. but we have areas where we have very high number of patients, refugees, coming with very poor housing, they are having very high lots of infection. so it's different pockets in the country. we have not talked about brexit yet, we will put that right in a couple of minutes' time. to sell her draft brexit withdrawal agreement to business leaders — she says it's a critical week for negotiations with the eu. we'll have the latest from westminister. and from brussels. the parole board has decided that the serial sex offender, john worboys, should stay in prison. the former black cab driver was jailed in 2000 and nine the former black cab driver was jailed in 2009
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for assaults on 12 women in london. daniel sandford has the details. the judge said he should have an indefinite sentence and should serve a minimum of eight years in prison. but in march, this year, the parole board said it was all right for him to be released. that caused an outcry amongst some of the women that he'd assaulted and some of them took the parole board to court and successfully had the case overturned. so, last month, the parole board considered the case again, looking at a big dossier of 1,255 pages, looking at personal statements from seven of his victims and they've decided that he shouldn't be released. despite the fact that he'd made some positive progress in prison. the reasons they gave for him not being released was some risks, which were his sexual preoccupation, a sense of sexual entitlement and a belief that rape is acceptable. the parole board now won't look at his case for another two years. one of his victims who brought this case, said this evening, we knew this man was a danger, we felt compelled to take action, thank goodness we did. and the police are now also looking at a number of fresh complaints againstjohn worboys. this is outside source live
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from the bbc newsroom. our lead story is: the japanese car maker, nissan, has confirmed that its chairman, carlos ghosn, is under arrest and is being investigated for alleged financial misconduct. the brexit updates will be daily. two key moments hoving into view. this sunday, there's a special eu summit to sign off on the deal. 25th of november. then at some point in december, the house of commons will vote on the deal. it has not been confirmed. today, theresa may was making the case for brexit being good for business. she spoke to the business group, the cbi. once we've left the eu, we will be fully in control of who comes here. it will no longer be the case that eu nationals, regardless of the skills of experience they have to offer, canjump the queue, ahead
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of engineers from sydney or software developers from delhi. instead of a system based on where a person is from, we will have one that is built around the talents and skills a person has to offer. the prime minister is under severe pressure, some mps from her own conservative party want her gone. this is an interesting intervention. the former brexit minister, david davis, is quoted in this huffpost article urging a commons vote this week in order to end what he called a tory civil war. in the past few days, there's been a lot of talk about this man, sirgraham brady, the chair of the powerful 1922 committee. he's important because he's the man collecting the letters needed to trigger a leadership contest, which could see theresa may ousted as prime minister. these are some of the mps who have already written to him.
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there haven't been 48 letters yet, we don't think so. 48 is the number needed for a confidence vote to be held. i asked nick erdley in westminster how many letters may have been sent so far. we know of somewhere in the mid—20s, the conservative mps who have told us publically they have sent the letter in. lots of speculation about the number who have done it privately, without telling us. but, at the moment, it doesn't seem that has reached the 48 threshold. towards the end of last week, there was this febrile atmosphere around westminster, where everybody was expecting it to happen any minute. it still could, i might be back here tomorrow, saying to you it has happened. but it does feel like some of that momentum has died down a bit. and certainly, some who support the prime minister seem a bit more confident, today. don't go anywhere, nick, a couple of other things to ask you about. one element of the story
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is playing out in london, the other, of course, is playing out in brussels. today, ministers representing what will be the remaining 27 eu states met and they backed this proposed withdrawal bill, no great surprise there. let's hearfrom the eu's chief negotiator. for the future relationship, both the eu and the uk will have full control of their own legislation and rule—making. this is essential, on our side, for the integrity of the single market. it is essential for the uk, in terms of taking back control. in terms of "taking back control". now, more than ever, we must all remain calm, and i will remain calm, and keep our focus on the need for the uk to leave the eu in an orderly fashion. now, nick, the thing i was looking for was any sort of clue that the eu is in the mood to fundamentally change its withdrawal deal, as some brexiteers think is possible
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and i couldn't see any. no, i don't think there was any signal of that, from european leaders, today. the reason that we're looking for that is because some in theresa may's own cabinet hope that she can get something more from this process, over the next few days, before that a summit in brussels, on sunday. perhaps on the irish backstop. they are not totally happy with the way the uk would get out of that. they are pushing for some changes. it is very hard to see how they could get them, though, given as you say, there's very little sign that europe wants to do that. one other elementjust to throw into the mix is the conservative party does not have a majority in the uk parliament. it relies on the votes of the dup, the irish unionist party. they aren't happy with this deal. they have made that perfectly clear. tonight, the uk parliament is voting on the budget, on elements of the financial plan, for the next year. some of my colleagues in northern ireland are now suggesting that the dup isn't going to back the
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government on that. that's a key part of the confidence and supply arrangement that keeps the conservatives in power. so there's a lot on the table here. there's a lot of people unhappy with what's going on, and they are really flexing their muscles in numerous different ways, so there's a lot to talk about this week. asi as i always say, if you have any questions on brexit, head to the bbc website, comprehensive coverage on the story from every possible angle. societe generale is france's third biggest bank. it has agreed to pay $1.3 billion to american authorities. connected to us sanctions. samira hussainjoins us from new york. what have they admitted that they did? it admitted it violated us sanctions against it countries in particular, sudan, iran and cuba.
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the alleged... what us authorities have said is that societe generale was engaged in money laundering and dollar transfers with cuba, with iran and sudan at various times, engaging in various schemes, very different activities, for about a decade. remember, this came out in 2015, the fact that societe generale was engaged in these practices. now, they have sort of settled the case as they are doing so by paying a whopping fine. in fact, it's almost coming injust whopping fine. in fact, it's almost coming in just under whopping fine. in fact, it's almost coming injust under $1.4 billion. whopping fine. in fact, it's almost coming injust under $1.4 billionlj a lwa ys coming injust under $1.4 billionlj always have trouble gauging these fines, because they are always huge but in the scheme of things, how does this score? well, that's always a very good question. it seems like it's a big number. but then if you look at how this may impact the financials for this bank, they have already said that it's not really
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going to impact their 2018 earnings. because this is already included in their legal fees. because this is already included in their legalfees. basically, they we re their legalfees. basically, they were already able to save up enough money that this is reallyjust were already able to save up enough money that this is really just a blip for the bank. thank you. good to speak to you. the chairman of nissan is arrested over claims he failed to declare $44 million of income. he is also chairman of renault and mitsubishi. it's reported carlos ghosn will be fired. later this week. in the last hour, we have started to get information from various news agency that fighting is flaring on the western coast of yemen in the city port of . that is significant because there has been a pause in fighting but it didn't last very long. we will have an update from new york and on the ground in yemen in the next half of the programme. millions of people will be on the
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move. transport problems because of the cold weather. satellite picture for the last 24 hours reveals this cloud and there is sleet and snow and some freezing rain particularly around the great lakes into new england. this weather front further southis england. this weather front further south is bringing in some heavy showers and thunderstorms to the gulf coast that elsewhere, thanks to high pressure, largely dry. quite warm across the west and a cold arctic air remains locked in place as we head through the next few days. across much of the west of the united states, a change is on the way as we head through this week. we will see the hot and dry conditions replaced with more moist air and rain as the area of low pressure moves into california and the great basin. that is very good news for
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the wildfires which have been burning out of control. temperatures on monday no higher than one or 2 degrees in montreal, it does state called across the north—east. dry with some sunshine for thanksgiving day itself. across the west, more u nsettled day itself. across the west, more unsettled with heavy rain at times. in south asia, we have the satellite picture which shows more heavy rain and thunderstorms pushing north west into south—east india and sri lanka. this next depression will bring more flooding as downpours to an area which has already seen a lot of rainfall, there could be some flooding in chennai and columbo for the next five days. very wet here and a different story further north across india and pakistan, dry, sunny and hot. asian pacific region, let's draw attention to this area of heavy rain affecting the central philippines, not a tropical depression which will bring some flooding downpours through tuesday and on wednesday it will exit into
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the south china sea and move westward in the direction of central southern vietnam. we have seen a lot of heavy rainfall, any more rain is likely to cause some flooding towards the end of the week. a big area of high pressure across scandinavia bringing cold air across much of the north of the continent, a series of low pressure systems from spain and portugal across to greece and the balkans bringing heavy rain and strong winds and we have seen flooding to the start of the week. mild, wet and windy across the week. mild, wet and windy across the mediterranean on tuesday, cold and bitterly strong easterly wind right across north europe and across the british isles. temperatures remaining in single figures and we are likely to see some sleet and snow. back home, it looks like there's temperatures will be on the rise somewhat as we end the week something a bit milder moves in from the atlantic.
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that situation, as an olympic and as a sprinter where winds and losses can be measured in hundreds of thousands of seconds, and you are dealing with tiny, tiny incremental improvements every day, i could recognise that. hello, i'm ros atkins.
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this is outside source. the chairman of nissan is arrested over claims he failed to declare $44 million of income. it's reported carlos ghosn will be fired. translation: way beyond feeling sorry, i feel great anger and disappointment. theresa may says her draft deal on britain's withdrawal from the european union will protect jobs. the 27 other eu ministers have given their full support. the king of saudi arabia has given his first major speech since the murder ofjournalist jamal khashoggi, saying no crime should go unpunished. and we'll tell you more about the chinese author who's been sentenced to ten years in prison for writing a novel featuring gay sex scenes. well, there were hopes yemen
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was heading for a ceasefire. but they didn't last long. in the last hour or so, reports like this came in, saudi—led warplanes bombed positions held by houthi rebels in yemen's port city of hodeidah late on monday as clashes raged in the suburbs, shattering a lull in fighting that had raised hopes for a ceasefire, residents said. you can see it marked on the coast. residents said the saudi—led coalition carried out more than 10 airstrikes. clashes also raged in the suburbs. it comes after houthi rebels said they would halt drone and missile strikes and the coalition announced the government offensive on the port of hodeida had been paused. there had been optimism but that has
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largely evaporated. many kilometres from yemen, a draft resolution was presented to the un security council in new york. it's calling for an immediate truce in hodeidah and sets a two—week deadline for both sides to remove all barriers to humanitarian aid. well, that's not looking good. nada tawfik was there. i guess, once again, this highlights the huge chasm between the diplomacy at the un and what is actually happening. absolutely, and i was speaking to kuwait's ambassador to the un just outside of another security council meeting. he is one of the arab members on the council, andi of the arab members on the council, and i asked him weather he supported this resolution, which will go into deep negotiations among the whole council tomorrow, and he said his country did have issues with it. he
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said some countries at even questioned whether the timing of it was appropriate, given martin griffith, the un convoy to yemen's effo rts griffith, the un convoy to yemen's efforts to get peace talks under way before the end of the year, so they can see they are already and this resolution will have to go through intense negotiations here, but western powers, who have grown increasingly frustrated because of the criticism that has been levelled at them for their support of the saudi coalition, they want to see action taken. they want a resolution. as we have heard from un officials, yemen is the world's worst humanitarian catastrophe and they say, within months, it could become one of the world's worst famines. the western nations want the resolution because they are worried about criticism, but what they actually think the resolution will go on to achieve? they are concerned about the humanitarian crisis, and un officials have said
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that, no matter how much aid they deliver, cost the economy is collapsing, because both the parties are stopping key aid routes and putting up bureaucratic barriers to aid, that they cannot really address the problems there. so western officials are hoping, at least until peace talks can get under way and martin griffiths has some kind of development with both parties, that they can do something at least to help the suffering their children, who are starving. this is a man—made crisis, so they believe, if these barriers can be taken away, that will help the population a little bit. we appreciate the update. fighting has been intense in hodeida over the last few weeks as the coalition tries to take the city back from the rebels. the port has huge strategic value to both sides. many good and weapons come into
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yemen through here. but it is a vital route for aid. and yemen can't afford to lose it. this war is three years old and it's already created the worst humanitarian crisis in the world. earlier in the day, the un special envoy for yemen has expressed hope the truce may stick... he said he hoped all parties would continue to exercise restraint but, as we've been saying, those hopes have been dashed, with neither side showing restraint. british foreign secretary jeremy hunt also tweeted, but was less optimistic. here's the foreign secretary speaking from tehran. well, this is a part of the world which is, frankly, a tinderbox, and so many things can go wrong here, and iran is one of the big players, and we are very, very keen to move towards peace in yemen.
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that is our number one priority at the moment. we will keep you up—to—date on that situation. the bbc has released its annual 100 women list, which is when we name 100 influential and inspiration women and share their stories. the youngest is 15, the oldest 94, and they're from more than 60 countries. they include the former australian prime ministerjulia gillard, chelsea clinton and actress jameela jamil. some names you may be less familiar with — stacey cunningham, the first female president of the new york stock exchange. sakdiyah maruf is indonesia's first female muslim comedian. and 90—year—old setsuko takamizawa is learning english to help tourists during the 2020 olympics in tokyo. you can read about all 100 women on the bbc website. un deputy secretary general amina
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mohammed is also there. she's been talking zeinab badawi. here i am at the united nations headquarters in new york. when are we going to see a woman's picture on there? oh, soon, i think. i think we narrowly missed it last time, and i think that we will see it soon. i think everyone feels that the time is almost there, and such great efforts were made last time, and incredible women that came to the stage for the first time were actually interrogating prospective sgs. so i think it will be very soon. now, sdg5 is the one which promotes gender equality and promotes women's empowerment, and you have described that one as the docking station of all the other sdgs. what did you mean by that? i meant that, you know, it wasn't just about us looking at the targets and the goal for gender equality but that, if you look at it as a docking station for the other 16, every single one of those goals
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feeds off it, and the goal feeds into it. so, if i look at education, for instance, gender equality has got to be at the centre of the education goal, as it has to be eradicating poverty, as it has to be in cities or energy, access to energy and the way that women need to be a central part of that for empowerment. so there is a threat from that goal to others, and from those to the goal, and that's really what i mean about it and you can't take it alone. it's an integral part of all 16 goals. do you see yourself as principally being there to make life better for females? i think for everyone, but i do believe that women suffer more disproportionately than men do, and it's again about the issue of, where is it a woman sits in society, a girl sits in society, and is allowed in terms of their rights, and they are not there at the very beginning when you go to school.
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it's a boy that goes to school and gets the chance of an education, and able to reach their aspirations, contribute to the society. a girl doesn't, and so you have to try that much harder for a girl to get in, and yes, i think what i want to do is not apologise for being a girl and not to see it as something that added on or, you know, it's a... what's the word for it? that we are seen as we should be grateful for being at the table, and, after all, you've got 30% of you around the cabinet table. no. if we can provide the capacity to be 70% around the table, so be it. what we really need to see is that we have equal rights to all those things that allow us to be present and to be effective and to be part of society and our economies, and we are not seeing that. there will be much more material
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from the 100 women team across the next month. a chinese writer has been jailed for 10 years over a novel featuring gay sex scenes. this is the state newspaper global times — you can see the book. it's called "occupation" — police became aware of it after it started to gain popularity online. the writer is listed as liu, and she's prolific. she's written over 10 books in a genre known as "boys' love". she was jailed by a court here in anhui province last month. the charge was producing and selling "obscene material". now, important to note — porn is illegal in china though there is disagreement about whether her work should be considered as such. the length of the sentence sparked anger across chinese social media. one post on weibo says... "those found guilty of rape get less than 10 years in jail. "this writer gets 10 years." there are a number of issues
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here with this book. i mean, it's almost like... it's almost like el james's 50 shades of grey, i mean it started out being written online and attracting people, but also... the steam that it created, literally, this book, that people were... asking... they were sending their e—mail address and saying they wanted a copy. that she was producing hard copies and selling it. i mean, china has very, very strict laws on pornographic and violent content. it quite commonly blacklists a lot of material, books, music, etc. so the fact that she was producing this, that was a problem in itself. yes, then also the fact that it was graphic gay sex that was mentioned in the book, that also created another problem. so, yes, there was... there were a number of issues with this that the authorities were quite uncomfortable about. and also because of the popularity of this book. this woman had managed to sell 7,000 copies and she had managed to make about 150,000 yen,
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which is $21,000 or £10,000. the government said was that she was illegally profiting from this book that hadn't actually been approved by the authorities. so this is why she got such a heavy sentence. but is the issue, fundamentally, less about the sexually explicit nature of what she describes and more about the fact that she was describing two men being in love? it's not... it's not necessarily the content of the book. it's the fact that... that people... were really, really getting interested in this. if you type in the name of the book online on the chinese search engine, baidu, the name of the book, which means occupation, almost like a military coup, to take someone or something by force... there were loads of forums that people don't normally use. these kind of, like old school online forums, that people were using to discuss this.
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the government really kind of wants people to be in line with good values. and something like this, that was quite scandalous, that really alarmed the government. and that is almost why... i mean, the fact that thousands of people were trying to read this book and even now, people are still talking about it, they're sending their e—mail addresses and saying they want a copy, if people have soft copies... that is what has made the government nervous. they are trying to stop this now and set an example. we'll have an exclusive interview with the athlete michaeljohnson — once one of the fastest men in the world — on how he's recovered after suffering a stroke. we will play you some of that interview in a few minutes. south western railway says delays and cancellations are expected to continue until the end of the day, after engineering work last night overran and caused chaos on one of the busiest routes into london this morning.
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here's our transport correspondent tom burridge. we didn't know there was a queue. i know that! not the way monday morning is supposed to start. a queue, just to get onto the platform. i've been here nearly an hour. i can't move. so i'm just deciding whether to abandon ship and catch a bus, or go home, work from home. trying to get to southampton. i got here about half an hour ago. and he is saying there are no trains on the tracks. nothing. what's your plan? i don't have one. very few trains on one of the busiest lines into london throughout rush hour. tens of thousands faced long delays. joanna gave up and returned home. i've just been told that there's not any more trains going to guildford, so it's unlikely i will be able to make it to work today. so you've wasted how many hours? erm, the whole morning, pretty much. so, yeah, pretty frustrating. at lunchtime, long journeys into waterloo, onlyjust coming to an end.
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the cause, overnight engineering work which overran because of a section of damaged track. the challenge is to upgrade or renew ancient infrastructure with minimal disruption. but with so much of our rail network operating near to or at capacity, when things go wrong, the knock—on effect is too often huge. if you look out onto the track, a quarter of a billionjourneys almost a year out there. that's an enormous amount of pressure on an ageing piece of infrastructure that frankly was never designed with those numbers in mind. passengers also faced delays today in the north of england because of leaves on the line. and the disruption from this morning on south western is dragging into tonight. network rail admits the service across the country hasn't been good enough. tom burridge, bbc news. this is outside source live from the bbc newsroom.
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the japanese car maker, nissan, has confirmed that its chairman, carlos ghosn, is under arrest and is being investigated for alleged financial misconduct. there's been an argument between russia and the us at a meeting of the global chemical weapons watchdog, the organisation for the prohibition of chemical weapons. russia said new powers given to the opcw to investigate and apportion blame for gas attacks were unlawful, and it urged members not to approve its annual budget. the us accused moscow of trying to undermine the organisation. guatemala has declared a red alert and evacuated almost 4000 people from the area around a volcano which has erupted for the fifth time this year. when the fuego volcano previously erupted injune a combination of rocks, ash and toxic gases killed almost 200 people. there's been a big reaction on social media to these pictures of a film crew on the bbc wildlife programme dynasties helping emperor penguins stuck in a ravine.
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programme makers usually stick rigidly to a rule not to interfere with nature — for good or bad — when filming but here they chose to make an exception. nine pro—democracy activists in hong kong have pleaded not guilty to conspiracy to cause public nuisance. their trial has begun and these are their supporters earlier. you may well remember the yellow umbrella from 2014. it became a symbol of the so—called "umbrella" democracy movement when protestors spent three months blocking roads and demanding that hong kong had a right to choose its own leader, rather than beijing. these activists were involved back in 2014. here's one of them earlier. translation: i think this lawsuit is notjust one face but nine of us. hong kong high degree of autonomy and rule of law are also being tried in this lawsuit.
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laura westbrook has lived and reported in hong kong. what are these people alleged to have done back in 2014? that is one of two of the leaders of the umbrella movement back in 2014, and they have been accused of conspiracy to incite public nuisance, and it's the conspiracy part which is key. they came up with the idea and they asked student leaders to join them and urged them tojoin them. the conspiracy part is the part carrying the criminal charge, which people are saying that is what is curtailing freedom of speech. the defendants say this is cracking down on freedom of speech is their right to protest, which is enshrined in the hong kong's bill of rights, but the hong kong's bill of rights, but the prosecutor says, you are allowed to protest but not for an unlimited length of time and, given that these protests went on for three months,
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that was excessive use of the right to protest. why has it taken four yea rs to protest. why has it taken four years to get to this point? you have to do is look at this in the context of what has happened in hong kong in the last four years, with the government cracking down on people running for office, rejecting people who are already in office. over the summer we had a political party, the hong kong national party, which advocates for independence, and they we re advocates for independence, and they were banned for the first time in hong kong, and then the leader of this party, he gave a speech in hong kong, and the journalist who posted that speech, a financial times journalist, was injected, which was unprecedented. looking at the context, people are saying this is another sign of a crackdown on the freedoms that hong kong enjoys what punishment comes with this crime?“ guilty, they will get seven years in prison. they are the older generation of pro—democracy
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campaigners. the younger generation got a few months in prison, so these are the most serious charges will stop out a week more broadly characterised the state of opposition politics in hong kong versus four opposition politics in hong kong versus foui’ yea rs opposition politics in hong kong versus four years ago? you have got a number of political parties which don't happen on the mainland, including the pro—democracy parties, which range from parties which want one vote for people, and parties which want independence. when you look at what's happening in hong kong and the fact that people are being rejected and barred from office, one commentator told me that it's like hong kong is the casino and the house always wins. even if you succeed, you will get banned from the table. thank you, laura. much more background on that online if you'd like it. michaeljohnson was a superstar athlete back in the late 1990s, the fastest man in the world over 200 and 400 metres. but, after suffering a mini—stroke in september, he feared
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he might never walk again. now, he says he's almost back to normal, and credits his "olympic mindset" for his recovery. he's given this exclusive interview to the bbc. i sat on the mri table for 20 minutes. and, after i got off the table, from the mri, which was probably about two and a half to three hours after i'd initially felt the sensation, i was no longer able to walk. i was no longer able to stand. my left thigh was numb, without much feeling. i didn't have much control of my fingers on my left hand. the best chance for recovery is to immediately get into physical therapy, so two days later i was allowed to start physical therapy, and this was probably the most sort of poignant moment in the transition for me. that was from the fear and anger to positivity and hope
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and drive and determination. and that is when a physical therapist came up to my hospital room with a walker and helped me out of bed, and i got behind the walker and he said, today, the first day, we are just going to walk around the hospital for. ironically, that first walk was about 200 metres. which is the event that i held the world record at, and was once the fastest man in the world and in history at that event. it took about 15 minutes for me to cover that 200 metres. and, you know, ordinarily, i'm sure that anyone in that situation would be disappointed, but i wasn't. i was actually encouraged, and it's what encouraged me, because, with every step and following the instruction of my therapist and trying to really focus on the movement and trying to mimic the movement of my left foot with my right foot, and trying to relearn these movement
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patterns, i could experience and feel some very tiny and very small incremental improvements, nothing major and nothing that an ordinary person would probably even recognise, but having been through that situation, as an olympic athlete and as a sprinter where winds and losses can be measured in hundreds of thousands of seconds, and you are dealing with tiny, tiny incremental improvements every day, i could recognise that. you'll remember this incident. cnn's chief white house correspondent, jim acosta had his press pass revoked after this contentious news conference with the president last week. the white house said jim acosta "laid his hands" on an intern who was trying to take
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the microphone off him. that's something he denied. cnn sued president trump and some of his aides. the white house on monday said it had made a final decision to restore press credentials for cnn reporterjim acosta, ending a court fight, the network said. the decision came three days after a judge in washington ordered the trump administration to temporarily restore the journalist's press pass. it's been an interesting moment from that moment in the press conference tojim that moment in the press conference to jim acosta that moment in the press conference tojim acosta getting his press pass back. he has tweeted, thank you to everybody for their support, now let's get back to work. thank you for watching. we'll be back with you at the same time tomorrow. there is more information on most of the stories we cover via the bbc news app. of course you've noticed it's turned
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colder, and it will continue to be chilly for as long as the jet stream follows a n chilly for as long as the jet stream follows an unusual pattern. it is splitting or by advocating well to the west of the uk in the atlantic. one arm is diving to the south through the mediterranean, taking stormy weather with it, and another is riding well to the north of the british isles, looping around high pressure in scandinavia and coming at us from the east, which at this time of year brings a lot of cold air, enhanced by strong winds. next week, thejet air, enhanced by strong winds. next week, the jet stream will try to revert to its typical pattern, with different effects on our weather. for now, we are in that flow of cold air, with plenty of showers coming in during tuesday. we go deeper into the day, these showers are more likely to be falling as sleet or
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snow the highest ground. this is the wind speed, average winds, gusts around 40 to 50 mph on north sea coasts, so wind—chill is significant. already those temperatures are below average for the time of year but, in the wind, it feels closer to freezing, quite a raw, biting easterly wind. through tuesday night and early wednesday, the showers merging to give longer spells of wet weather, rain, sleet, some snow on higher ground, just about anywhere in the uk. all into wednesday, it looks like the rain, sleet and snow across parts of scotla nd sleet and snow across parts of scotland and northern ireland, but turning dry in england and wales, with the wind easing a bit. by the end of wednesday, feeling a bit less chilly here, but still in single figures. as the wind is a bit overnight, a greater chance for frost later in the week, and this is the pattern going into thursday. low pressure to the south—west, high pressure to the south—west, high pressure to the north—east, and look
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at the story for thursday, and followed the arrows. there are not too many, so the wind isn't as strong, and it's not coming straight from the east, more south—easterly, a bit less chilly. a lot of cloud around and patchy rain for parts of northern and eastern scotland, and perhaps north—east england. on friday, the pattern stays the same. low pressure trying to get closer to us, but it looks like at the moment it will stay far enough away to keep dry. a few bright sunny spells, often cloudy, and either a few showers patchy rain for eastern scotla nd showers patchy rain for eastern scotland and north—east england but it isn't a strict easterly, and temperatures have recovered for some of usa temperatures have recovered for some of us a degree or so, particularly in southern parts. for the weekend, low pressure trying to bring in some wet weather, mainly targeting parts of england on saturday and sunday, so northern ireland and scotland, maybe into wales as well, we'll stay mainly dry and, with that, some less cold air with it. as we go into next week, it looks like low pressure
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will park itself to the west of us. i proceed to the north—east. there seems a battle for the two for dominance. the low pressure will start to get closer and, with that, the jet stream adopts a more typical pattern. it's coming from the east at the moment and it will try to ta ke at the moment and it will try to take a more direct track through the atla ntic take a more direct track through the atlantic and feed around the low pressure, trying to bring in less cold airfrom pressure, trying to bring in less cold air from the south—east desperate south—west. —— from the south—west. as the week goes on, low pressure begins to take over, and it looks like turning more unsettled but less cold. tonight at ten... the prime minister takes her message to business leaders at the start of a critical week for the brexit process. theresa may tells the cbi that her brexit plan is in the national interest and that jobs and livelihoods depend on securing the right deal for britain. we have in view a deal that will work for the whole of the uk and let no—one be in any doubt, i am determined to deliver it.
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but a visit from prominent brexit supporters to downing street was a reminder that mrs may is still facing tough opposition to the plan she's promoting. and there's still speculation that the prime minister could face a vote of no confidence among conservative mps this week. also tonight... carlos ghosn, one of the world's most prominent businessmen and a key figure in the motor industry, has been arrested on suspicion of financial misconduct.
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