this is bbc news, i'm lukwesa burak. the headlines at 2pm: the former us president george bush senior has died aged 94. his son george w bush described him as a man of the highest character and the best dad you could ask for. he served as the 41st us president between 1989 and 1993, his term was defined by the cold war and his victory in the first iraq war against saddam hussein. the war is over. another resignation over brexit. the universities and science minister, sam gyimah, resigns calling the prime minister's plan "naive". the deal that is on the table from the pm is a deal in name only. all the big issues have been kicked down the road. more than 120 people have been arrested in paris during violent protests over rising fuel prices.
a series of aftershocks have rocked the us state of alaska, after a devastating earthquake struck its biggest city, damaging roads and buildings. in half an hour, the bbc goes in search of starlight — the remarkable material invented in the ‘70s which appeared to have incredible heat resistant properties. good afternoon. donald trump has led tributes to the former us president, george bush senior, saying he inspired generations of americans to enter public service. mr bush died early this morning at his home in texas. he was 94 and had been living with parkinson's disease, barbara,
his wife of 73 years, died earlier this year. george bush senior was elected president in 1988 — as the cold war came to an end — and led the united states in the first gulf war when saddam hussein invaded kuwait. our north american editor, jon sopel, looks back at his life. i will faithfully execute the office of president of the united states. that george herbert walker bush had reached the highest office in the land almost seemed predestined. so help me god. congratulations. he was born into a family of wealth, privilege and politics. his father was a us senator. george attended yale before volunteering for the navy in world war ii. he was shot down over the pacific, his rescue remarkably caught on film. peacetime took him to texas, where he made a fortune in the oil business. and then came the lure of politics.
he was elected to congress, served as an ambassador and became head of the cia, before pitching to become the republican presidential candidate in 1980. he lost to ronald reagan, but reagan put him on the ticket and served as vice president. in 1988 he had another crack at the presidency — this time successfully. but there were new uncertainties, notably iraq's surprise annexation of kuwait in 1990. margaret thatcher told him to stand firm, apparently saying, "this "is no time to go wobbly, george." he didn't. iraq will not be permitted to annex kuwait. that's not a threat, not a boast, it's just the way it's going to be. a wide coalition was forged, and operation desert storm began. the ground war would lastjust 100 hours, in a decisive victory for american military expertise and superiority. the 1992 election pitched the patrician bush against
the young, charismatic and hitherto little—known democratic governor from arkansas called bill clinton. his clear advocacy of a new vision for america swept him to a decisive victory. within a decade there was another bush in the white house, george w. bush senior was the last of america's cold war leaders, and the demise of communism during his period was managed deftly, as former soviet satellites embraced the values of democracy and freedom. the one constant throughout all that — his wife barbara. they were married for over 70 years. george bush senior who has died at the age of 94. we have just got confirmation that resident trump is to attend george bush senior‘s
funeral. that coming from the white house. —— president trump. theresa may has suffered another blow to her brexit proposals, with the resignation of the universities and science minister, sam gyimah. he said her agreement with the eu is "a deal in name only", which would remove britain's voice and veto, and lead to it being "hammered" in future negotiations with europe. the culture secretary, jeremy wright, defended the proposals, saying the agreement was "not perfect" but was "the best deal available". 0ur political correspondent, jonathan blake reports. she is still managing to smile, but just as theresa may arrived for a reception with other world leaders at the g20 summit in buenos aires last night, one of her ministers announced his resignation. sam gyimah was seen as a rising star in government, a loyal supporter of the prime minister, but one who has now made very clear he cannot support her brexit deal. in leaving the eu, we will surrender our voice, our veto and our vote. and we will become rule
takers not rule makers. the deal that is on the table from the pm is a deal in name only. all the big issues have been kicked down the road, so we are in for several years of negotiations, at the point at which we have no leverage and the eu has all the control. sam gyimah‘s decision came after the prime minister announced the uk would pull out of the galileo satellite navigation programme, the eu's alternative to the us—based gps. britain had wanted to stay part of it, but the eu would only allow partial access. it would be wrong to put our armed services relying on a system on which they couldn't be sure of. that would not be in our national interest, so what is in our national interest is to say no, you haven't allowed us that full access so we will develop an alternative, we will look at alternative options. ahead of the vote in parliament on her brexit deal, theresa may has been appealing to people directly to put pressure on their mps
to back her agreement. with sam gyimah‘s resignation there is now one more voice calling for the public to have their say again. but a second referendum is ruled out by the prime minister, and for labour, is still only one possible option. our view is let us have a general election, the reason is because in a general election, there is a wide debate and you choose the team that will lead you from thereon. if we can't get that, we have said we will keep all options on the table and that includes the possibility of a people's vote. another referendum. as the prime minister took her place with other leaders on the world stage last night, one more of her ministers stepped out of line over brexit. and she knows there may be more to come, before mps vote on her deal in parliament, in ten days‘ time. jonathan blake, bbc news. 0ur political editor laura kuenssberg is in buenos aires at the g20 summit with the prime minister. she gave us this assessment of how mr gyimah‘s resignation would be viewed.
it's another reminder to theresa may of the wall of resistance that awaits her when she gets back to westminster after returning from the other side of the world. it is not necessarily a surprise that he is one of the ministers that has added his name to those departing over her brexit plan. but politics is, apart from anything else, a battle of momentum. theresa may has been trying, struggling to get onto the front foot here, struggling to put her arguments across, and then, again, a resignation like this knocks off that script and forces are once again onto the back foot. she knows she is in an extremely precarious situation here and yet no inclination from her for any shift, any countenancing of a plan b. it feels right now that the government is like a giant tower ofjenga, day by day one more piece gets pulled out. it's pretty shaky even though it hasn't yet fallen over. the japanese prime minister, shinzo abe, has met theresa may on the fringes of the g20 summit taking place in argentina. he asked her to avoid
a no—deal brexit. major companies like nissan and honda are concerned about the possible impact on their supply chains across europe. mrs may said she was confident that japanese businesses based in the uk would continue to trade well with the eu. more than 120 people have been arrested in paris after violent protests around one of the city's most popular tourist attractions, the arc de triomphe. it's the third weekend of demonstrations sparked by rising fuel prices. hugh schofield reports. another saturday, another violent protest at a paris landmark. today, the yellow vest demonstrators were kept away from the shops of the champs elysees, so it was at the top, around the arc de triomphe, that there were the clashes with police. all morning we have seen hundreds and hundreds of yellowjackets gathering here on the avenue, and then pushing up towards the arc de triomphe, which you can see
behind us shrouded in tear gas. the more daring go to the front where there are clashes going on with riot police, the others hang back where we are now. most of the marchers kept well away from the violence and expressed in words their anger and determination. translation: the problem is much bigger than just a few tax. that was just the straw that broke the camel's back. the distress has been brewing for years, it is time to make ourselves felt. translation: we are simple citizens, simple french citizens. it is the people who are rebelling, no political parties here. translation: we thought we were seeing the beginnings of a dialogue between the yellow vests and the government, but with all of this that's totally wrecked. now the yellow vests are going to keep going to the bitter end. it's civil war. the numbers of protestors were relatively small, those who took part in the violence even fewer, but once against the yellow vests are dominating the news. their anti—macron movement
still has momentum. hugh scofield, bbc news, paris. police looking for a missing couple whose car was discovered washed up on a beach in scotland — have found two bodies. susan and james kenneavy were reported missing on thursday morning when their vehicle was found on drummore beach, near stranraer. search teams are tackling "challenging terrain" including dense woodland, as they continue efforts to try and find a 16—year—old from aberdeen, who's been missing for two weeks. liam smith caught a bus from aberdeen on the 17th of november, and is thought to have got off at crathis. police say a subsequent "credible sighting" of the teenager in the crathes estate area that afternoon has led them to focus their search in the locality. a series of aftershocks have rocked the us state of alaska after a devastating earthquake struck its biggest city damaging buildings and forcing people to run into the streets. the quake was centred about seven
miles north of the city of anchorage but there are no reports of any serious injuries. our north america correspondent, james cook is in alaska. you can see some of the damage caused by the earthquake. this was a drainage pipe that was mashed up when the tremor ran through here, shaking the road and causing this very serious damage to the road. this is a slip road very near the airport. they are already out here working hard, trying to fix it. the earthquake struckjust before 8:30am and many alaskans were on their way some of them on this road. one car was right in the middle of it. others were heading to school, heading to their businesses, when the earthquake happened. and then a very short time later, just as people work beginning just as people were beginning to take stock of what happened, a very powerful after—shock shook
this region as well, even closer to the city of anchorage, which is home to some 300,000 people. now, they are beginning the process of trying to assess the damage. this place is well used to earthquakes. and they seem to have been well prepared. there is not a great deal of very serious damage to buildings and that is because there are strict building codes here, restrictions in place, regulations in place to make sure that buildings survive earthquakes. there are thousands every year in alaska but even by those standards, this was a big one. it was frightening for the people involved. it went on for a considerable period of time and because this is now the beginning of winter, repairs may be hampered by a lack of daylight and freezing temperatures. although, as you can see, they are already getting on with it. that was james cook reporting. some
breaking news concerning 98—year—old peter goldstone, you will remember him as the pensioner who was injured after a violent robbery on the 6th of november. there was an appeal put out following the incident. the report we have just received is that he has now died. 98 to rob peter goldstone who was critically injured after a violent robbery in his home in enfield has died. he was taken to hospital with extensive bruising to his body and a head injury and he remained in hospital until his death on the 30th of november. at the time crimestoppers had put up an award of £10,000 to any information that led to the conviction of people responsible. that reward is still in place. the police have released a
statement saying they are all shocked and saddened by the news of peter's death. it is the worst news for his family and for all those who cared for and knew him and also went on to ask that his family were to be left alone to grieve and come to terms with their loss at this very difficult time. 98 rolled peter goldstone had been attacked and critically injured at his home, has died. he died in the early hours of the 30th of november. the headlines on bbc news: the former us president george bush snr has died aged 94. his son george w bush described him as a man of the highest character. a tenth member of the government resigns over brexit. the former science minister sam gyimah says the prime minister's plan is naive and calls for a second referendum. police in paris fire tear gas as protesters take to the streets
against president macron‘s policy of raising fuel taxes to combat global warming. strike action is affecting northern rail services once again after hopes of a breakthrough were dashed in a row over guards. the rmt union said it would suspend the walkout if it received guarantees over a second member of staff on trains. but it said it hadn't received a reply by the deadline it set of midday on friday. a northern spokesman said the rmt had been invited to talks. agency workers are being paid hundreds of pounds a year less for doing exactly the same job as staff employees, an investigation into temporary work has found. the report by the resolution foundation think—tank calls for the law to be changed to protect almost a million uk agency workers.
our business correspondent colletta smith has more. 24—year—old conor mccann was employed by the agency manpower to work in a bt call centre in canterbury. i found out that my colleagues, who are doing exactly the same job, sat next to me, speaking to the exact same customers and selling the same products, were earning significantly more than me. research out this morning suggests conor isn't alone. the resolution foundation say agency staff earn more than £400 less than those directly employed by a business. that is notjust in low pay but also unclaimed holiday or deductions for uniforms. they estimate that almost a million people in britain work on these kind of contracts and they want tougher regulation to protect staff. the recruitment and employment confederation, representing the industry, say agency work is vital to the economy and two—thirds of workers are paid the same. conor‘s union took on the case and won. he says it has made a massive
difference to cash flow and his mental health. it is the difference between being able to go and have a coffee or being able to get a taxi home from a night out. it is those little things that really add up and make a huge difference. the law already states that workers should get equal pay and perks after 12 weeks working with the same business, but the resolution foundation say more needs to be done to make sure people know their rights. a spokesperson for manpower said the company ensures it's "always compliant with appropriate regulations, and welcomes any move by government to stamp out malpractice in support of temporary workers." now, as it's the 1st of december, you may have started your christmas shopping online today, but there's a warning that you may need to have a mobile phone
and a decent signal to make sure all your transactions go through. uk banks are starting to introduce a new layer of security, involving passwords sent to your mobile phone. that could be a problem for hundreds of thousands of householders without a mobile or poor signal. our business correspondent joe miller is here. first of all, how is this going to work? it has come into place because of a eu directive and essentially, as online shopping has become more popular, there have been more —— there has been more potentialfor fraud. this was to crack down on that, to avoid potentialfraud fraud. this was to crack down on that, to avoid potential fraud when people buy things online. they will be asked anything that is being rolled out very slowly before next september to provide a pin number thatis september to provide a pin number that is sent to their mobile phone as an extra layer of security for
still -- as an extra layer of security for still —— security. even after brexit, this will be something that uk banks implement. there are concerns that not everyone has access to mobile phones so readily and so easily. i live in a blank spot, that is not going to work for me, and for many other people. you're not alone. around 30% of people in the uk either live in a place with a very bad signal or no signal at all. the campaign group theatre finance has pointed out it is not just people theatre finance has pointed out it is notjust people who are in black spots, it is also people who are disabled, who perhaps cannot operate a mobile phone, the elderly, there are quitea a mobile phone, the elderly, there are quite a few people who might not be able to make online payments if this
goes through. it comes in at quite a long mind. any payment over £27, this new security system will kick in, and especially payments much larger than that, maybe your average christmas shop could be substantially larger, so shop could be substantially larger, so banks are starting to roll this out with no real plan for people who cannot access mobile phones. if you have a bad signal and you're left hanging on this online transaction, how do you get clearance from your bank? have they explained how they expect to put that through? if you do not have a signal, what happens? at the moment is a comprehensive explanation —— explanation of what you're supposed to do. you can call your bank and ask them for accord but that is cumbersome. you have got the queues. no one wa nts to you have got the queues. no one wants to do that but uk finance, the corporate body which represents uk banks, it is urging banks to provide other forms of verification, so perhaps a fingerprint on a mobile phone application, perhaps a number sent to your landline, it is urging banks to come up with these ideas so perhaps as this gets rolled out across the country, we will be
hearing about alternative ways for those people in blackspots. this really does ruin the shopping experience. when online shopping first started it was all about the speed of your data being sent down the line. are there any exceptions —— exemptions in place? there can be some. the law allows banks with good track records of stopping fraud to allow people to make transactions without the need for this pin number, and there are also certain transactions, certain very trusted websites, that perhaps will not require this. these are early days and we will see how many exemptions it are and it could be that those exemptions do not apply to people without mobile phones, because they are making more complex transactions on one of transactions that their bank thinks is dodgy. uk finance is saying there has to be a plan to help these people. thank you. the fbi has launched an investigation after the records
of 500 million customers of the hotel group marriott international were involved in a data breach. the hotel chain said the guest reservation database of its starwood division had been attacked, exposing the personal data of customers, including some payment card numbers. caroline rigby has more. marriott international is one of the world's largest hotel chains, and this ranks as the second—biggest corporate data breach in history. millions of customers affected, potentially across thousands of hotels, their personal information compromised. hackers accessed the booking system of the group's starwood properties, including brands like le meridien, st regis and the sheraton. it may have happened over a four—year period, from 2015 until september of this year, when the company was first alerted to the issue. but marriott—branded hotels weren't affected because they use a separate booking system. the company says the database contains records of up to 500 million customers,
with nearly 330 million of them having some combination of personal data stolen. that could have included details such as their name, passport number, date of birth, and in some cases, credit card numbers, even if the information was encrypted. this attack highlights just how vulnerable hotels can be, because they demand high amounts of information from guests and then keep hold of it. marriott says it is e—mailing those affected, and has set up a dedicated helpline and website with information about the breach. marriott now faces the possibility of heavy penalties, including millions of pounds in fines. caroline rigby, bbc news.
a new poll suggests that half of people who are hiv positive in the uk have faced discrimination. sexual health charity the terrence higgins trust found nearly 60% of those polled felt unable to talk openly at work about living with hiv. it comes after labour mp lloyd russell—moyle announced that he is
hiv positive during an emotional speech in the house of commons. you can be a member of parliament, you can be a doctor, you can be a judge. anyone can live with the virus and can lead a normal life expectancy, so it is nothing to be feared any more. this week marked the 50th anniversary of the release of one of the most revered albums of all time, astral weeks by sir van morrison. the likes of eltonjohn, u2 and bruce springsteen say the singer from belfast has been a huge influence. now fans are being drawn to his home city to see the streets and sights which have inspired sir van. our ireland correspondent chris page has more. astral weeks is the greatest
record ever made. van is the soundtrack to my life. belfast is celebrating its enigmatic songwriting genius. i'd like to welcome you along to this 50th tour
of astral weeks. i am lynne, i'm a van morrison fan. vanatics, as they are often described, are making a pilgrimage to the place their hero calls home. here we are on the corner where van morrison was born on the 31st of august 1945. traces of this city and memories of his upbringing are everywhere in his music. so i'm just going to play something
and you can imagine yourself with van morrison at home with his parents and the endless summer nights, not like today. just around the corner, this childhood haunt has recently been rescued from overgrown obscurity. this features in one of his best—known songs, brown eyed girl. that huge hit came in 1967. about a year later, the jaunty pop gave way to the moody hypnotic folksiness of his most critically acclaimed album. i think at the heart of astral weeks is a very strong sense of belfast and what belfast meant to him. this bbc radio presenter has
interviewed the man himself a number of times. i think van said there really are only two stories in music, leaving and going home, and astral weeks is about yearning. this man has just changed people's lives. it's actually gone global. you can't say that about very much. especially a small country like northern ireland, but van has done it. van morrison, you said it all. other local artists, including poets, are hoping the flair which flourished here will rub off on them. we will never stray. we are now what, i suppose, a lot of people will call the holy of holies of van morrison. on the streets made famous by this song on astral weeks, van fans are particularly proud. i grew up here and i think he is a wonderful ambassador. it is a continuous source of inspiration through his music.
the sounds resonate of east belfast and belfast in general and we are very lucky that he was from belfast. it is the legacy of a legend and this city hopes to make the most of sir van's musical magic. beautiful. now it's time for a look at the weather. it was a horrible drive into work today. it has been a soggy saturday for many people. the rain is clearing away but lingering across northern england and scotland. you can see from that picture in edinburgh. the rain will clear way to give clear skies overnight before more rain arrives in south—west england, northern ireland and that will work its way north east. clear skies across the north—east of scotland means a touch of frost, not much milder across england and wales. add brea ks milder across england and wales. add breaks of rain tomorrow, and they will tend to linger across central
parts of scotland, north of the central belt, and snow for a time over the highlands. elsewhere, bright or sunny spells when the rain clears but there will be showers paling in on the westerly winds. plus 40 miles an hour channel course. struggling to get much above nine celsius in scotland and northern ireland. as we go to monday, many will see sunshine, with outbreaks of rain across the north of scotland, and drain across southern parts of england and thereafter, it is an unsettled week ahead.