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tv   BBC News  BBC News  December 5, 2018 8:00pm-9:01pm GMT

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this is bbc news. the headlines at 8. theresa may denies misleading parliament over the government's brexit legal advice, as the government publishes the document in full. is it time the prime minister took responsibility, a responsibility for concealing the facts on her brexit dealfrom members concealing the facts on her brexit deal from members of this concealing the facts on her brexit dealfrom members of this house concealing the facts on her brexit deal from members of this house and the public? the legal petition set out on monday in the document with the statement made and answers given by the attorney general are very clearly set out the legal position. the benefits for patients now as british scientists complete the world's largest gene sequencing project in healthcare. the academicjailed for spying tells the bbc he was psychologically tortured while imprisoned in the united arab emirates. a final farewell to george hw bush — as world leaders join family and friends at the 41st president's state funeral — his son george w bush leads emotional tributes.
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and we'll have the latest sports news — including tonight's premier league action, as manchester united face arsenal. the prime minister has been accused of of misleading mps after the publication of the government's legal advice on brexit. in a heated commons exchange, theresa may denied allegations that she concealed the facts about the proposed northern ireland backstop, a controversial arrangement that would keep the uk in a customs union with the eu if a trade deal isn't agreed by december 2020. the attorney general in his six—page
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legal opinion advised that, despite assurances by both the uk and european union that both would aim for the backstop to be temporary, legally it could "endure indefinitely". the advice also warns that the uk could be stuck in "protracted and repeating rounds of negotiations" with brussels. our political editor laura kuenssberg has been following today's developments. grimly carrying on. after three defeats in parliament yesterday, now a legal mess — on the most contentious part of the brexit compromise, that so—called backstop. have you lost control of brexit, prime minister? after number ten was forced to publish its private lawyer's advice on how northern ireland would be more tangled up with the eu than the rest of the country. questions to the prime minister... we have seen the facts that the government tried to hide. mr speaker, this government is giving northern ireland permanent
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membership of the single market and the customs union. the prime minister has been misleading the house, inadvertently or otherwise. a serious charge to lay round here. the prime minister says there's nothing new. there is indeed no unilateral right to pull out of the backstop. what i have also said is it is not the intention of either party that the backstop should, a, be used in the first place, or should be — if it is used — should be anything other than temporary. but there was more — those northern irish mps who are meant to be the prime minister's friends sounding more and more like her enemies. does the prime minister agree, at this last moment, that the entire premise of the backstop has been based on a false assertion? yet the legal advice spells out in more gory detail what the government had tried to gloss. the attorney general writes that the so—called backstop will apply differently in great britain to northern ireland
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— two parts of the uk with separate rules. and that the european courts will continue to have jurisdiction over northern ireland. the legal advice also states this relationship would ‘endure indefinitely‘, until another agreement takes its place. that could take a long time. the advice does make clear, though, neither side wants it to happen. it is not a comfortable resting place for the eu either. well, the prime minister is trying to persuade people to vote for her deal. what this document shows is the weaknesses of her deal, and she didn't want to tell people what they were. and remember, unhappiness over the backstop is what makes the overall backdrop for the government so gloomy. dozens of tories loudly swearing they will reject the brexit compromise because of it. well, it shows the very predatory nature of the eu's claim to northern ireland, and it's very extraordinary that, really, there will be
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a different relationship between northern ireland and the eu. but is it remotely realistic to imagine you can get rid of the backstop now? of course it's possible to get rid of it, and it's not essential for the negotiations. is there any way you can see yourself voting for this, as it stands? no, there's no point in having a mishmash of remain and leave when the result is so bad. if it's that bad, is there any point leaving? let's throw this deal out. and as for whether this deal is better than remaining, i have to admit, it's a pretty finely balanced question. a people's vote! it might feel like it, but this is not a rerun of the referendum. in less than a week, mps will vote not on in or out, but on the prime minister's compromise, and there is a minority ready to grin and bear it. i think people should think very carefully before voting it down because then we would be in absolutely unprecedented territory. and i think that mps have got
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to rise to this occasion, step up to the plate and sort this out and show that we can do that, without having to spend too many more months arguing about it. this could move fast but, right now, there's no sign of enough support for the prime minister's plan. that's why, in private, conversations are starting to swirl about the kind of extra promises theresa may might have to make to get this done. but so far, there's nothing firm on the horizon that would really change the equation. after more than two years of argument, there is now an agreement. in less than a week, mps will give their verdict on it — but don't hold your breath for a sudden outbreak of goodwill. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. joining us now our political correspondent nick eardley. glory was mentioning there, efforts
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to try and find some kind of fresh promises to get people on site and we know that many of those leading brexiteers have been meeting this evening, what are you hearing? as you can expect there's frantic activity pretty much all the time in westminster just now about activity pretty much all the time in westminsterjust now about how activity pretty much all the time in westminster just now about how to try and get some more votes for the prime minister had that big decision. for parliament on tuesday. they were meeting tonight with it cheap web, julian smith to discuss concerns they have —— chief whip, those concerns are numerous, and they were told by will more than one person that the prime minister doesn't own the conservative party, it's not just doesn't own the conservative party, it's notjust up to her to decide what the brexit policy should be, and i'm told that mr smith was in listening mode and they were not very to say i put this on the table to win you over he was there to
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listen to concerns and relay them into downing street and various other cabinet ministers and an attempt to try and pick off, if you'd like, does brexiteers, one government source also said tonight all options are being looked at to try and win that vote next tuesday to try and get more people on site. but nonetheless, when you walk around the corridors right now, there are very few people were confidently predicting that tresa mae is going to win, there are some who are trying to put a positive look on it saying that she's had her back against the wall before, we wrote her off before it she managed to pull throughout last minute, but she still has to climb a mountain to do that this time and it's she still has to climb a mountain to do that this time and its huge. very briefly, the dup, any move by where they stand ? very briefly, the dup, any move by where they stand? no considerable changes tonight, but we have had them at that meeting with the conservative brexiteers group and the —— we have heard to sources that
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nigel, the leader of the dup has told various conservatives that if there is a vote of no—confidence, it there is a vote of no—confidence, it the prime minister loses the vote on tuesday and an opposition party forte boasts —— vote of no confidence they will backer to you government empowered to deliver what they think will be a better brexit and what is not clear though it that vote on her brexit plan passes and if her plan is adopted, what they will do then. there are some brexiteers who feared that case a general election becomes more likely. thank you very much indeed for bringing us up to date with the latest and now, we're joined now by sir vince cable, leader of the liberal democrats. thank you forjoining us. you now have that full legal advice, has it made any difference to your view on the boat and the deal that theresa may is proposing? no, this whole
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argument is in an argument within the conservative party and dup i think there's no interest whatever in the rest of the country, actually, it's one of the better bits of a bad deal. i would wish if we had it it was permanent, but that's not what they're arguing about. the whole argument around the legal opinion is although it's intensely interesting for the people involved in it, is a sidetrack from a bigger issue about whether this deal is good for the country and i thought the biggest development today was the acknowledgement that the chancellor, that there will be a brexit price to pay as opposed to brexit price to pay as opposed to brexit dividend and a you know, the government's own analysis in the la st government's own analysis in the last few weeks has confirmed that contains the balance of argument. nonetheless, the deal maintains close links with the european union, during the implementation phase, the deal were to go through you would have two years and a customs union as you yourself have said you could
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end up in a custom union for even longer, should you not on the basis of that support the deal because it's better than the alternative? it's not better than the alternative, the alternative is actually to go back to the country and say do you want this deal or do you want to stay in the european union and that's the argument are putting, so the option of remaining is still very much there. it's greatly preferring to what the government has and many of her own colleagues and my former colleagues are now arguing for what they called extensible tories are good for the norwegian option which is more closely considering with the eu, delegates practical but better than what the government has come up it come up with a weird considering a wider range of options than just this deal. you clearly want another referendum. but surely, it's impossible to see how that could be delivered. you would need to have the election of a government that was committed to another referendum.
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theresa may has emphatically ruled that out, the labour party, although keeping it as an option, it's very difficult to see jeremy corbyn taking that mission on with all the difficulties it would ensue. there are certainly obscure groups —— obstacles come i think there's a growing number of people who think it's best assessable way forward, but you are right, jeremy corbyn is not at all helpful, perceive a strong supporter of brexit, unlike most of his colleagues in parliament and so farthe most of his colleagues in parliament and so far the main roadblock on the way to having a people's vote option in parliament. but i think he may be forced by circumstances and the next week or so to accept that that's the only way for it. but do you not accept the argument put forward by many people on both sides of this argument to say that another referendum would simply create further division and this unity and asa further division and this unity and as a result —— disunity, result
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nothing? the sad truth is we are a very divided country and it's becoming more divided by the day. if we leave under the brexit arrangement of the government, i think we will become more divided because we are going to be economically worse off and the younger generation in particular, are going to feel very bitter about something that's been imposed on them. this argument will become anchor lives long after the date of four brexit has expired and of course we have years of negotiation with the european union about a new trade agreement, this is not going to go away the issue will remain devices and the best way i think of dealing with it in the immediate future is to go back to the public and geta future is to go back to the public and get a verdict on it. thank you very much indeed forjoining us from westminster. catherine barnard is professor in european union law at the university of cambridge. thank you very much indeed for joining us this evening. you have
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looked at this full legal advice, which the government was forced to publish because of its defeat in the comment last night. what did you learn from it that we did not already know from what the attorney general had told us?|j already know from what the attorney general had told us? i must say, it's actually a very good and clear piece of legal advice that begins by setting out exactly what the backstop is about and essentially, without using image of a swimming pool it explains northern ireland is in the deep end because it's in the customs union and single market for goods, and the rest of great britain is in the shadow and just in the customs union. but what is interesting about the opinion is that he goes on to discuss some of the problems he sees about the arrangement, most strikingly, he even doubts whether it is potentially compatible with article 50. i know this is a really... for lawyers that could be imported because remember the article is
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about the terms of the divorce, and what he is arguing is if there is no future deal in prospect, then the terms of the divorce is essentially becoming the future deal and he's not sure that can be done under the article and that's the first time i've seen these arguments being so clearly ventilated. yes, because the legal document which i have read there myself does talk about how the suppose it temporary arrangement could in fact and your indefinitely. that's what he's worried about and that's the hard—core brexiteers are worried about as well, because they say that if there is no future deal, if the negotiations run into the sand, that triggers the backstop which of course is the if —— essence of it. but the problem he is worried about is that the backstop is there indefinitely because that's what it is, there's no ability for unilateral exit from that backstop by the uk. we can ask the other side
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and be done with the agreement but we cannot unilaterally terminated and that's what he's worried about. catherine, many thanks for talking us through the legal implications from cambridge. stay with us in the next half an hour for some analysis from bbc parliament's alicia mccarthy — in "brexit — the debate", as we look at all the key moments from the house of commons today. and we'll find out how this story — and many others — are covered in tomorrow's front pages at 10:40 and 11:30 this evening in the papers. 0ur guestsjoining me tonight are asa bennett, who's the brexit editor at the daily telegraph, and the author and journalist, rachel shabi. the prime minister denies misleading parliament over the government's brexit legal advice — as the full document is published. the benefits for patients now as british scientists complete the world's largest gene sequencing project in healthcare. and british academic matthews hedges speaks of enduring "psychological torture" while accused of spying
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in the united arab emirates. sport now, and for a full round up, from the bbc sport centre, here's... hello sarah. it's a busy night of football with 6 matches underway in the premier league... 3 of the top 4 are in action but once again all of the attention is on old trafford. manchester united are now 19 points behind leaders manchester city. they are at home to arsenal tonight. arsenal are on a 19—game winning run at the moment 17 minutes no goal. elsewhere... liverpool can cut the gap to manchester city to 2 points. no school yet against burnley, newcastle has new goals one up.
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harry kane has taught him one up against southampton. well no matter how that game finishes... southampton will have a new manager tomorrow... ralph hasenhuttl signed a two and a half year deal at the club today, but he's not in the dugout this evening. his priority will be to keep saints up, they are in the relegation zone, 1 point off the bottom. he had successful coaching spells in the bundesliga with ingolstadt and then rb leipzig, who he took to the quarter—finals of the europa league. the move is similar to the one jurgen klopp made when hejoined liverpool after leaving borussia dortmund. you can compare the situation we had a few years ago when he came, because at the moment you need a coach who is a very good in bringing all the different parts of the cloud together and not only the players i
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mean the board, the fans especially the fans and he's the right guy to bring all these parts together to work in one direction because that's where we are important when you're in the relegation zone like southhampton actually is. mike ashley's 11 years at newcastle united could soon be coming to an end. a consortium fronted by the former manchester united and chelsea chief executive peter kenyon is believed to be in position to take over. ashley has become a much maligned figure at the fans groups have wanted him out for years because of a lack of investment in the team. he's overseen two relegations, and they're in another battle to stay up at the moment. the club has actually been on the market for 1h months, a ta ke—over collapsed earlier this year. and all 12 teens are in action in the scottish premiership tonight as well. and leaders rangers are currently 1—0 down at home to aberdeen. that means, if it stays like this, celtic will go top. they are beating motherwell1—0. kilmarnock would go second.
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they are 2—0 up against livingston. ronnie 0'sullivan marked his 43rd birthday by reaching the quarter finals of the uk snooker championship in york. ronnie 0'sullivan marked his 43rd birthday by reaching the quarter finals of the uk snooker championship in york. the defending champion racked up his 981st career century break as he beat practice partner jack lisowski by six frames to one. he'll face either ding junhui or martin 0'donnell next. to be brilliant or you miss the balls and the top guys will punish you, so balls and the top guys will punish you , so now balls and the top guys will punish you, so now i'm thankful you didn't perform his best because he was blowing away and lethal. meanwhile, reigning world champion mark williams has been knocked out. he was beaten 6—5 by stephen maguire. he'll now face either mark allen or neil robertson in the quarter—finals. england cricketers ben stokes and alex hales have appeared before a cricket disciplinary commission
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hearing today, after being charged with bringing the game into disrepute. stokes was found not guilty of affray, after an incident outside a bristol nightclub last year. hales, who you can see leaving the hearing, was not charged. the commission will meet again on friday, with a verdict expected then. and the olympic and world track cycling champion dani rowe has retired. she won gold in the team pursuit at the london games in 2012 and also won three world championship titles with the british team before turning to road racing where she won commonwealth bronze for wales earlier this year. she is 28 and says she will stay in the sport. we'll have more for you in sportsday at half past six. —— ten, still no goal in the premier league. in a world first, scientists in cambridge have completed the largest gene sequencing
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project in healthcare. 85,000 people took part — among them children with rare diseases, their parents and patients with cancer. 100,000 genomes were mapped. the genome contains all a person's dna — and errors can trigger a vast range of disorders. many of those who took part in the project have already benefited from a diagnosis or treatment for their condition. 0ur medical correspondent fergus walsh reports. the faces behind the numbers. these are the people who volunteered to have their entire genetic codes sequenced. visiting the laboratories near cambridge, where it was done. some are affected by cancer, others by rare diseases. sometimes what we have to do is go back to the dna sample and do another library preparation... all are helping to improve our understanding of how genes influence our health from cradle to grave. inside, nearly everyone of our cells
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as a copy of our genome. made up of three billion pairs of dna code and 20,000 genes, it is the instruction manual for how our bodies work. sequencing the first human genome took 13 years. now, a genome's worth of dna can be done in 30 minutes. that dramatic acceleration has enabled scientists here to sequence 100,000 gemones of people affected by rare diseases or cancer. every genome mapped by these machines yields vast amounts of data. so, how is that helping individuals and society? karen carter has contributed two gemones. first, the gene she was born with. then, the dna from her breast tumour, containing the faulty genes that triggered her cancer.
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by comparing her dna with that of other cancer patients, it may explain why she and several members of her family have developed cancer at a young age. knowledge is power and we need to find ways forward, because once you've had cancer, the worry is always there. good girl. mummy's turn. six—year—old tilly has a rare rain and muscle disorder that used to cause seizures, meant she lost the ability to walk and made her aggressive around other children, like her brother arlo. it was not until tilly and mum hannah joined the 100,000 gemones project that scientists were able to compare their dna and finally found the cause of her condition, and an effective medicine. she has been treated now since march and the difference is amazing. her epilepsy is gone. she's developing every day, she's communicating. she's just full of life and she's
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not violent any more. she can be around her brother without attacking him. the 100,000 genomes project is just the start. the ambition is to sequence a further one million genomes over the next five years, as genomics rapidly becomes embedded in the fabric of health care. well, it's transformational, in terms of what it means to society and humanity. the vision is that your health record will eventually have a genomic backbone to it and, therefore, a more accurate diagnosis or more accurate treatment will be available to you. 0livia is three—weeks—old. it is her generation that has the most to benefit from genomic medicine, as the growth of dna data gives more insights to enable us all to stay healthier, longer. fergus walsh, bbc news, cambridge.
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in his first broadcast interview, the british academic — who was jailed in the united arab emirates on spying charges — has told the bbc he was psychologically tortured and that he contemplated suicide. matthew hedges had denied spying and said he had been researching his phd, but was jailed for life last month. the uae government said the durham academic was "100% a spy", but pardoned him on 26 november. doctors in brazil say they've achieved the first successful birth using a womb transplanted from a dead body. a woman, who's not been identified gave birth to a healthy girl in sao paolo two years ago, but details have only just been released. similar procedures in the past have relied on living donors who were relatives, or close friends of the mothers. it's hoped this breakthrough may eventually see the donation technique become common—place. well, we can speak now
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to doctor natasha hammond—browning, who's a senior lecturer in law at the university of gloucestershire. she joins us live from cardiff. thank you very much indeed for talking to us, just tell us first of all, how significant this operation has been? for any woman who is considering a uterus transplant in the future because the birth to date has been from living donors but by having a donation from a deceased donor that has successfully or resulted in a live birth is opening up resulted in a live birth is opening up the number of potential donors and should hopefully then increase the opportunities available for women who might be in need of a donated uterus. is is women who might be in need of a donated uterus. isis still a risky operation to undergo or have a womb transplanted from a dead donor? yes,
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it's certainly not without risks, there are studies to do determine if there are studies to do determine if there is long—term risk involved, and with the transplant like this, it is about improvement of quality of life rather than life saving purposes. so it's a donation, an organ donated just for a short period of time, so around five yea rs. period of time, so around five years. there are major surgeries where the recipients go through, in order to have this opportunity to hopefully have a child and gestate their own biological child. so risks don't go away with having a deceased donor, versus a living donor, but what it does mean is that if we are able to use deceased donors instead of living donors, the risks for living donor is our obviously removed, because they have to go are very lengthy invasive and complex procedures and ordered to donate
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their uterus and for another woman to utilise a. presumably at the moment for anyone who wants this treatment it's very difficult indeed to find a living donor prepared to go through the operation and to hand over their womb. yes, i mean at the moment it's not a treatment it's just a research in countries that are doing this at the moment, but i understand actually there are a large number of women will come forward to their wounds anonymously and altruistically to women in need. so, it's something that it does appear that there are women willing to donate, living donors, but obviously we do need to be very careful about donations within the family are within the familial settings, just to ensure there's no kind of undue pressure orfamiliar pressure there and to sure consent
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is in all circumstances. what is the prospect of this becoming more widespread and becoming something women could seek? i think it's a very high chance of it becoming more widespread, i would like to have a timeframe, but there's been rapid advances made in this area, and the first birth was only in 2014 and there have been 13 births and total since then, so it is something that's going in moment —— gaining momentum but then uk and abroad and it's something possibly i would save about 20 years could become more widespread, but obviously it'll depend on resources and availability of donors as well. cost presumably is pretty high. yeah, very high at the procedure itself is around £50,000, and that doesn't include ivf processes or the care through
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the pregnancy and also the uterus is removed at the end of the useful period so you have another surgery to go through then and their associated cost. thank you doctor very much indeed for talking us through. now it's time for a look at the weather with matt taylor. hello, the rain clears the way through tonight until the dry conditions start in the day tomorrow, things get wet again, rain in the short term across eastern counties of england may northeast colin try with clear skies here and there we could see mist and fog but overall cloudy teacher. maudlin for most of the region, four and 11 degrees, around the likes of this area, we could see temperatures still hovering around freezing. tomorrow, rain through the morning rush hour spreading across northern ireland and scotland heavy burst in the west and afternoon occasional rain spreads in england and wales northwest england showers are
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frequent, and temperatures tomorrow are between ten and 14 degrees. beyond that, we see rain lingering through thursday night through the south but very wet and windy weather to ta ke south but very wet and windy weather to take us into friday potential for disruptive win, especially transport around scotland will keep you updated. hello, this is bbc news. the headlines. theresa may denies misleading parliament over the government's brexit legal advice, as the government publishes the document in full. the benefits for patients now as british scientists complete the world's largest gene sequencing project in healthcare. the academicjailed for spying tells the bbc he was psychologically tortured while imprisoned in the united arab emirates. a son's tribute to his father as us presidents past and present gather
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to bid farewell to george bush at his state funeral. good evening and welcome to brexit — the debate. every evening we'll be looking back at the key moments in the commons — as mps debate theresa may's brexit plan ahead of the vote in parliament on december 11th. let's go back to the house of commons where mps have been continuing their debate on the government's eu withdrawal agreement. it's been dubbed the eu divorce deal and runs to more than 500 pages. ? they're also debating the much smaller document that sets out a possible future relationship for the uk with the european union. 0ur parliamentary reporter, alicia mccarthy is keeping an eye
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on the debate for us all this week and joins us now, alicia what was on the agenda today? we had huge excitement and drama, three defeats for the government. tell us a bit more bubbles on the agenda. a bit more of a budget debate, those who follow westminster know that with the budget, and peace get to debate for five days in a different theme on every day. and they have done that with this debate as well. today was day two and it was all about immigration. so that meant the debate was opened by the home secretary and he said that on security, the uk got the best deal security, the uk got the best deal security that the eu had ever given to another country. it is also pressed about immigration, and peas wa nt pressed about immigration, and peas want know whom would see the white paper that would set out the new
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immigration arrangements after brexit and he would not say exactly when that whip,, just that would come shortly. as you can imagine, the labour opposite had a very much less enthusiastic view, saying it could be viewed as a blindfold brexit and add it to be like driving offa brexit and add it to be like driving off a cliff. understand that we also heard from sam who was also the minister at that resigned from the government last week, tell us about what he had to say. he was explaining why he could not support this deal, and he did not think he was practically or lyrically deliverable and would make the country poorer and damaged in union. for this withdrawal agreement. given the public impression that this is the best compromise and if there are no problems further down the line, this is brexit done, when they wake up and see that we, britain, has
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been hobbled and crippled in those negotiations. that would also disappoint voters and that will also be corrosive of our politics. justine greening who you mentioned there wants another referendum, but that idea was firmly rejected by some of her fellow conservatives? interesting curing those concerns from those of been on the remaining side of the argument, butjustin has been pushing hard for another referendum. yes, we talked a bit more about last night about divisions within the conservative party, that's what angela sent to another member. this is nigel and he thinks part of the problem is there
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are too many remain in peace and thatis are too many remain in peace and that is why we are in the situation that is why we are in the situation that we in. we are in a remain parliament which happens to reside in a leave country! and i think it's wholly dangerous for us to turn to the people now and say, you let us down. you got it wrong! do you know what else is said about the people who voted leave? that they're a bit thick, that they didn't know what they were voting for. and we've had intimations of maybe they were racist? well, know they weren't. they weren't racist, immigration was only part of it. and he repeated that it would be dangerous, that was his key phrase. we have also been talking about how there are divisions in the labour party, as all for conservatives. tell us how those divisions in the main opposition have out today. the labour party do not like this
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deal as well. let's have a listen to cooper. she has an influence of the home affairs committee and it has been taking evidence from ministers about security, and she is really concerned about the idea that under this deal, we might lose access to send european data bases this deal, we might lose access to send european databases that are accessed by our security and police forces. and those are accessed 500 million times a year. so this is what she thinks. these tools are used to catch criminals, to stop terrorists, to monitor sex offenders, to find dangerous weapons, to stop serious criminals entering the country and without these measures, the police have been very clear that our country is not safe. now this debate notjust going on in the commons — they had to be clear of what the impact would be if we do not have
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access to this. now this debate notjust going on in the commons — the lords too are holding a debate, what's been going on there? the house of lords is also debating the agreement, but the house of lords is an entirely different kettle of fish. this is known as a ta ke kettle of fish. this is known as a take note debate. let's wait on the government if peers vote against the deal, which they probably will because although there are 800 members of house of lords, it is overwhelmingly remain. so let's get a tiny flavour of that debate and let's hear from a face that you may well remember. this is someone who has been highly critical of the brexit project. then those will suffer most are those least able to bear the strain. and when the election comes, it will have been a tory that led the referendum campaign, it will have been a tory government that perpetuated the living standards, it will be a tory government that is blamed for what we are
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talking about today. he said that they need to be aware of what will slow growth and damaged the economy. and those debates both continue tomorrow. thank you alicia. that's all for today's brexit: the debate. we'll be back again at the same time tomorrow as the debate about brexit continues tonight at westminster, the options for what could happen at the end of it are many. is there any chance the prime minister's deal will get through? could there be a second referendum, could we leave the eu with no deal at all? 0ur deputy politcial editor
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john pienaar explains what could happen next. despite all the setbacks and all the defeats, theresa may is battling on, standing by her plan for brexit — maybe against all the odds. but what happens next? let's say mrs may wins. that may look unlikelyjust now, but if parliament approves her plan, britain leaves on schedule on march 29th — an unexpected triumph of mrs may. at this stage, it seems more probable that she loses. her conservative critics may then try, again, to force a vote of confidence in her and, either way, labour will look at tabling a vote of confidence in the government. that would be hard to win — tories and the dup would have to vote for it. meanwhile, unless mrs may manages to somehow get a better deal in brussels, the uk would be on course to leave the eu with no deal at all. but the idea of what brexiteers sometimes called a clean brexit is just not that simple any more. mps voted yesterday to give themselves power to decide
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the country's next steps if may is defeated, and there's no majority in parliament for a no—deal brexit. so, what then? there is support, within both main parties, for negotiating a new deal — outside the eu but closer to it. a norway style brexit, though brexiteers call that brexit in name only, brino, taking eu rules without shaping them, continuing free movement of people in and out of britain. in the end, could parliament simply failed to approve any solution and turn back to the people? a general election is one way and its labour's first choice. it's hard to imagine, but even that can't be entirely ruled out. otherwise, the idea that seemed all but impossible until recently maybe gaining ground among mps, as a potential way to break the deadlock. campaigners call it a peoples vote. to most people, it's the idea of a fresh referendum. money for council services is "running out fast" according to the local government association which represents councils in england.
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it says local communities will "suffer the consequences" if the government doesn't address the crisis in funding. between 2010 and 2020 councils will have had their overall government grant cut by 60%. next year almost half of all councils in england will receive no core government grant at all — that's one of three main sources of funding. and there'll be a three p0|nt two billion pound funding gap between the money councils have — and what they need to provide all the services they currently offer. 0ur political correspondent alex forsyth has been to north yorkshire, where increasing demand for adult social care is putting a strain on the local council's budget... north yorkshire — a mix of historic towns and sweeping countryside. with miles of rural road and a large elderly population, running services here is expensive and they've had to be squeezed. life was really active...
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when andrew was diagnosed with ms ten years ago, it drastically changed his active life. now in a wheelchair, he needs support for the most basic tasks and is having to pay more for his care. you don't ever want to think about how you're going to get up in the morning, how you're going to get dressed, whether you're going to get dressed on time. it's a hugely different way of life. hugely different way. so, you don't want the worry of how you're going to get your care and you don't want that question mark over your head. this charity run accommodation helps older people live independently. they work with north yorkshire county council, which tries to prevent people of all ages relying on long—term support where possible, so it goes to those who need it most. so, when michelle had a fall in the summer, the council helped settle her back home with her husband. they came in, had a look at the house, got it all prepared for us and that enabled me to go back to work.
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and michelle got her independence from that. i don't think i'd be like i am now if it wasn't for them. the council here's like many across england, struggling to balance budget cuts with growing demand, not just for adult care, but children's too. the government gave councils an extra £1 billion in this year's budget, and says there will be further support when it announces funding plans for next year. councils like north yorkshire will now have to wait longerfor that detail, after the planned announcement was delayed. they say a long—term solution is urgently needed. we've welcomed the short term money, it's helped us through our winter pressures and things like that, but we need a really comprehensive reform of adult social care in this country. and that includes a long—term funding settlement. we've protected our budgets as much as possible, but they can only go so far. with more people needing these vital services, finding a way to maintain them has become a national challenge. the civil aviation authority
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is taking legal action against the budget airline ryanair over its refusal to compensate thousands of uk—based customers. flights were cancelled or delayed over the summer because of strikes by ryanair pilots and cabin crew. the airline regulator says customers are entitled to compensation under eu law, but ryanair says the strike amounts to ‘extraordinary circumstances‘ and it shouldn't have to pay. the head of hs2 and crossrail, sir terry morgan, has announced he‘s resigning. sir terry has been at the head of crossrail, a new east—west rail link across london, for almost a decade. concerns were raised recently about his dual role with hs2 after crossrail‘s opening was delayed from this month until autumn next year. global carbon emissions are set to hit an all—time high in 2018 — according to a new study.
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researchers at the university of east anglia and the global carbon project say a projected rise of more than 2 per cent has been driven by a growth in coal use for the second year in a row. a booming global market for cars has also helped drive c02 emissions to a new high. world leaders, including donald trump and three former us presidents, have paid their respects at the state funeral of the late president george hw bush. mr bush senior, who served as the 41st us president, died on friday at the age of 94. he will be buried in his home state of texas, alongside his wife barbara. 0ur north america editor jon sopel has more. a nation prepares to bid farewell to the last of the greatest generation. those political leaders who fought in the second world war and then served their country with distinction. the extended bush family looked
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on as his flag—draped coffin was moved to the national cathedral. among the mourners, prince charles representing the queen and sirjohn major, prime minister during the first gulf war and close friend of george hw bush. the german chancellor, angela merkel, had come ever grateful for the role that president bush played in the reunification of her country. and in the front pew all the living former us presidents were there. and, of course, the serving president donald trump too who until george hw bush‘s death had been so disdainful of the bush family. but on this day of national mourning, it was also a rare day of national unity for a divided country. unity there may have been. warmth, there wasn‘t. the body language chilly as the december day outside. the eulogy was delivered by his son, the former president george w bush. it was pitch perfect, mixing humour and pathos.
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i said "dad, i love you and you‘ve been a wonderful father." and the last words he would ever say on earth were, "i love you too." to us, he was close to perfect. but not totally perfect. his short game was lousy. laughter. he wasn‘t exactly fred astaire on the dance floor. the man couldn‘t stomach vegetables. especially broccoli. laughter. and by the way, he passed these genetic defects along to us. and finally, the emotional farewell from a son to his father. so, through our tears, let us know the blessings of knowing and loving you, a great and noble man. the best father a son or daughter could have. and in our grief, ijust smile
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knowing that dad is hugging robin and holding mum‘s hand again. as president george hw bush had said, he wanted to see a kinder, gentler nation — something not at the forefront in 2018. the end of an era indeed. all day you‘ve been sending us your brexit questions following the debate in parliament on security and immigration. earlier my colleague simon mccoy joined two experts to try and answer those questions as part of our bbc ask this... well, throughout the day we have been asking for your questions about brexit, specifically on immigration and security to reflect the areas on which today‘s brexit debate in parliament is focused and joining me now is the criminologist, dr alison wakefield who is also
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the chair of the professional body of security institute and alongside her is our home affairs correspondent. thank you both for coming in. straightaway, this one from david morgan was asked the question via twitter, what are the risks of dropping out of galileo? my first question is, what is galileo? yeah, absolutely. really important question. so, this is the european satellite system in which we have invested i believe 1.2 million and we rely on that system for the likes phone for the likes of mobile phone signals and importantly military gps navigation. so we have had a stake in its development, british companies have been able to be involved and it‘s building but as we leave the eu, we won‘t have that same oversight of it. so, if we are sort of third—party country, we will not have a stake in something that is so important for our national resilience.
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and that is the concern. i think the british have said in the past that we‘re going to do our own. or not? well, yeah, that's the billions and billions of dollars question. because these things do not come cheap. just picking up on this point, part of the reason for galileo is to reduce the uk's reliance or rather the eu's reliance on the american system gps. the american system gps, we know from phones and watchers and things, is really useful and that the americans control it. that is a very precise information ship that it provides to its own military. by the eu felt they needed their own system to get as precise information to eu member states anywhere in the world, that precise timing and locational data, and the russians have their own system. the chinese are developing a system, it's making sure these power blocs, have their own independent reliance on their own systems.
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if the uk is going to go alone, they've got to find money which many scientists believe they will not be able to find to make a go of the debits independent system. it's like saying that, for critics of this proposal that, the uk can go back the 18th where we had a navy that ruled the world, we just don't have that kind of power and economic firepower any more to do that, so galileo is a big deal. having ultimately, if we do fall out of it, we will remain reliant on the americans. in some retrospect, that's not that big of the deal because of how tight security... you got that security between the uk and washington, that special relationship that will continue to deliver that kind of access, but it would not be the same as having the galileo system. so there would be the option of creating our own, but that presents a number of obstacles or trying to collaborate with other countries on the system.
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let‘s look at immigration, matthew gordon has tweeted, will uk citizens need a visa to go to europe? another interesting one and the answer is possibly, at this stage. it depends on whether we do a deal or not or no deal scenario. and the outcome would be similar to the us system at the moment, the european travel information authorisation system. so brits will then pay a small fee and become part of that system and have to enter their personal data for the purpose of security checks. this concern to whether or not we get the transition ahead. if the transition goes through, it affects the next 18 months or so, whatever it is. things don't really change, eu citizens will continue go to the uk, will continue to go
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to other eu nations. this is separate the whole idea of a settlement, putting that one side of the moment, the travel container. one side of the moment, the travel will continue. but if we no deal, we crash out, we're into legal limbo land here. but critically, what then happens, let's say we do get the deal or other deal, what happens after december 2020 ? which is the end of this transition period between being a full member state not being a member state. we just don't know at the moment. we do not know about final case look like. but the key red is taking back control of immigration and all of its forms. it is the redline of the government, they want to and freedom they want to end freedom of movement, they want to choose hooking going to the uk. so correspondingly, the uk will save what decide who comes here. so it is possible that in a visa situation,
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who knows. what a really interesting factor is the positives of this, the forthcoming immigration my paper that many mps are angry about not seeing before the meaningful vote next week, that is talking about having making no... treating people from different parts of the world the same, so if you come from the eu or from india, you are treated the same by the immigration system. what happens if the eu says, well hang on the second, if you want a free—trade deal you've got to give them something on visas and then the politics start to come the place. it is very unclear what it's going to happen. now, nat audrey on twitter asks will we be able to still share security details after brexit? now this is a crucial one. absolutely. the no deal scenario is a concern because we simply would not have an arrangement in place and all third—party countries have a possibility of establishing
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an agreement with the eu, they are called strategic operational agreements. 0perational is the more developed package that other have access to. it doesn‘t give access to all of the databases that we would need, so i guess the physical arrangements around that would be to negotiate it. i would imagine it would mean that, instead of having access to many of these to the national crime agency the uk, they would have to send law enforcement offices overseas, i to europe headquarters or to one of our bilateral partners. one of the biggest issues under the spotlight in tomorrow‘s brexit debate is the economy. jonathan portes, professor of economics and public policy at king‘s college and anna isaac, economics and trade correspondent at the telegraph will be here to answer your questions.
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that‘s in bbc ask this at two thirty on thursday afternoon. now it‘s time for a look at the weather with matt taylor. ifa if a good evening. at the momentm the east of scotland, potential for the east of scotland, potential for the next few hours cemented to the start of the night, after a wet and mild day, temperatures will rise to the night, but a window clearer weather tonight, and there will be some gaps in the cloud, some mist and fog and mock temperatures will be close to freezing start the night, later on in parts of northern ireland, rain will spread across scotla nd ireland, rain will spread across scotland northern ireland, bursts across scotland and in northern ireland, that will spread to
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northern england and west wales, after dry starts for the east, there will be some patchy rain and drizzle, writing up in scotland and cloudy in the south, but above where they should be. that will follow as a going friday, but friday potentially a very windy day, especially in the north. we will have more in half an hour. hello, i‘m ros atkins, this is 0utside source. the uk government has been forced to publish its legal advice on theresa may‘s brexit deal, emboldening those opposed to it ahead of next week‘s vote. this was the response of nmp. isn't it time the prime minister took responsibility for concealing the fa cts o n responsibility for concealing the facts on her brexit deal from members of this house and the public? we will hear her response. us special council robert mueller publishes a heavily redacted memo that could hold explosive revelations. we now know michael flynn —
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the former national security adviser — is unlikely to face a jail sentence. fertility breakthrough in brazil, where it‘s been revealed that a woman with a womb translpanted from a dead donor gave birth to a baby girl. we take a virtual tour of the tunnels built by is under mosul — which led to the discovery of an ancient assyrian palace.


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