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tv   The Firing Line  BBC News  December 30, 2018 9:30pm-10:01pm GMT

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and so to broadcast to the world. garjon's footage captured the displaced men, women, and children risking their lives crossing the sea and muddy rivers to safety. exhausted and uncertain of what lay ahead, they carried whatever they could on their backs, but some didn't make it. this woman said the monks killed her husband, and her younger son went missing as they crossed the border. garjon found it difficult not to get emotional while filming these harrowing scenes. i have seen many deaths, blood and fire in the line of duty, but i really have not witnessed anything on this scale before. i was struggling to hold back my tears and hold my camera still. the only thing that kept my focus was that i can only help these people if i can film. the judges said, "you think you know everything about a story, you know about what caused
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the rohingya exodus, but what is striking about garjon‘s piece was the individual moments, the attention to detail is incredible." the rohingyas are still in crisis, it is not over yet. from the beginning, they demanded citizenship, security. i think the world needs to act. syrian freelancer humam husari lived under the siege in ghouta for five years, documenting the tragic toll on the ordinary citizens caught between the rebels and the government forces. during the height of the conflict, husari filmed a video diary of the conditions inside an underground shelter.
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there has been a nearby shelling, this is why we had to go underground in the tunnel. i witnessed so many tragic stories of people trapped in the random bombardment and siege. i actually lived in fear with them under shelling, and i starved with them. husari's footage shows the plight of the families, often through the stories of the children. one of the most heartbreaking stories was that of three—month—old karim. karim's mother was in the local market, trying to get food for her children. karim was with her in her arms when an air strike targeted people there. karim was badly injured and his mother was killed. i was in the field hospital, when i met with the doctor
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who treated karim's injury. the doctor was crying out of sympathy. the judges said despite the chaos around him, husari managed to find characters around him that he revisited in later places. that is difficult to do, especially in these places. in doing so, he put a human face to the conflict. i will always remember the people i lived with in ghouta. i feel that i have an obligation to give back to them in the future and see how life treats them, how will they continue their lives with all the tragedies they have been through? injuly 2017, a spanish ngo, whose main mission is to rescue refugees in the mediterranean sea, faced the most dramatic and complicated rescue operation
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they had ever been involved in. winner of the news award, mikel konate, was with the rescuers, 15 miles north of the libyan city. they received a call that there was a vessel in need of help, with over 160 africans on board. konate and the rescuers were confronted with a desperate scene. one of the things that shocked me the most was the conditions of the women. when we started to take them from the boat, most of them, they were naked or nearly naked. they had clear evidence of violence, some of them, they were raped in libya and some of them were in shock. i will never forget the faces of these women. as space cleared, it became evident that the floor was covered with bodies.
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five men and eight women, two of them pregnant. when the rescuers started to take the survivors off the raft, and the bodies started to appear, then we realised that the situation was worse than we could imagine. people were stepping on the bodies to reach our boat. one of these bodies was a man with four kids, —— the mother of four kids we rescued. it was destiny. four kids from nigeria. overall, the rescue took nine hours to complete, and despite this harrowing experience, konate knew he had to keep filming. i also think myjob will remain, forfuture generations, so they will look back and see what we allowed to happen
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in the central mediterranean. the judges thought this entry really stood out, as konate‘s footage was never mechanical. this is one snapshot in time, yet it revealed so much more about the migrant crisis in the mediterranean, and it was told in just ten minutes. next, the rory peck award for news features, for films that look beyond the immediacy of the news. in august 2017, hundreds of far—right protestors descended on charlottesville, virginia to voice their anger against the removal of the statue of a pro—slavery civil war leader. described as one of the largest white supremacist events in recent us history,
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hundreds of counter demonstrators were out in force to face them. orlando guzman teamed up with fellow freelance cameraman, zach caldwell, to cover this story. shot over a 72—hour period, their footage captured the escalating violence. i really wanted the audience to feel what it was like to stare at hate in the face, to have a completely unflinching look at what it is like to feel this unleashed hatred, that has been stirred up by our very own president. as the violent clashes spiralled out of control, a car driven by one of the neo—nazis ploughed into the crowds, killing one person and injuring several others. we told city council we don't want them here, they aren't going to come! we told the police we don't want them here!
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they let them come! the judges thought this was top tierjournalism, covering a story of great magnitude, and for orlando himself, his coverage of the events throughout the weekend has had a deeply disturbing effect. the other weekend, i was watching spike lee's film, black kkklansman. what i didn't realise is that the film ends with my footage looking at the violence in charlottesville, with footage from the civil rights movement to last year, and watching my footage at the end of that film, it felt like somebody had thrown a spear right into my chest. i felt despondent by this problem here in the united states, which i don't think we really know how to get rid of. javier manzano's film catches
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the last days of the fight against islamic state in iraq. javier and reporter ben anderson were embedded with several units of the iraqi military in their efforts to root out is from the northern city of mosul. thousands of civilians were still trapped in the city under siege. traumatised by their ordeal, they ran towards the government positions scattered around the city. women and children screaming and begging for a way out of their desperate situation. despite the huge risks, javier captured it all. the chaos as the civilians fled their homes and the confusion of the soldiers locked in close combat.
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filmed under constant fire and in intense heat, javier and his team followed what was happening around them, revealing the true turmoil of war. forjavier, what stood out most in covering this conflict was the level of violence inflicted on the civilians by the islamic state fighters. they would explode themselves among the civilians, or again civilians trying to flee the city, typically running for their lives from, to some extent, sniper fire. it was very, very brutal to witness somebody do that to allegedly their own muslim brothers and sisters. the judges thought even though this was front—line filming, javier still managed to show some of the real human moments. let's not forget that
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civilians were under siege by the islamic state militants, and at the same time starving, suffering from malnutrition, thirst, no access to medicine for over a year and a half. we as journalists always had a ticket out, we could leave whenever we wanted, they did not have that luxury, so that is who we should remember at the end of the day. the long—standing civil war in the nuba mountains of sudan has claimed many lives. here journalists are regularly imprisoned for reporting the violence
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and human rights abuses. news of the atrocities in the nuba mountains rarely reach sudan's capital khartoum. winner of the news features award, roopa gogineni's unique film takes a very different approach to telling the story of war and human suffering. rather than using footage of violence and bloodshed, roopa used humour to tell this important story. she met the team behind bisha tv, a satirical puppet show. the writers, a mix ofjournalists and members of a drama group use comedy to expose and mock the authoritarian rule of the sudanese president omar al—bashir and his government. i am always drawn to humour, i think it is a really good way to create empathy, especially in places where you are used to seeing a lot of imagery of violence and war, and it can be really hard to relate
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to people in places like that. so i wanted to use the comedy that the bisha show was so good at creating to draw audiences who were not familiar with the conflict into this place. roopa filmed the puppet show under the threat of daily aerial bombardments, but this did not deter her. i was taking cues from people around me who were really experienced in dealing with the aerial bombardments, they knew how to protect themselves, they seemed very confident and calm despite the fact that there were bombs dropping. people have learned to cope. they have coffee and then they run into a foxhole and then they continue having coffee. it is just sort of constant
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weird interruption. the judges were particularly impressed with this entry, as it showed true originality through the use of grassroots media. and finally, the sony impact award for current affairs, for longform films that examine a single issue. during the war in yemen, the youngest and most vulnerable have been paying a terrible price. besides food and medical shortages, a deadly cholera outbreak has taken its toll. the un says this is the world's largest humanitarian crisis with 7 million people facing famine and disease. mohammed al—mekhlafi's film documents the catastrope
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unfolding in his own country. while the scale of this tragedy has been reported by media across the world, mohammed and reporter nawal al maghafi remain one of the very few teams to have reported from both rebel—held north and the government—held south. muhamed filmed inside the al thawra general hospital where he witnessed heartbreaking scenes of severely ill and dying children. one of them was three—year—old alaa. the judges said the pictures that mohammed filmed "..were so powerful. "it's a story of urgency that people need to know about." rampant inflation has brought venezuelans to seek
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desperate measures. the country is on the brink of collapse. the economic crisis has caused severe food shortages across the country. rather than reporting on the widely documented caracas and the colombian—venezuelan border, alexander houghton‘s film covers the smuggling trade. there were so many areas in venezuela that there was a complete blackout, so one particular spot was the gulf of paria, which is only a six—boatjourney away from trinidad & tobago. local papers in trinidad & tobago spoke of piracy, spoke of a fleet of fishermen seeking to buy basic food staples. but no—one was really reporting on what was really going on on the venezuelan side, so that is what we wanted to do. through a local fixer,
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alexander and his team metjhan, a fisherman desperate for food and medical supplies for his daughter and diabetic father. the family had expected the government to help, but nothing had arrived for months. despite the dangers, jhan decided to join the smuggling trade. just beforejhan could board the boat, he had to abandon the trip in fear of the local mafia working with the national guard. alexander and his team were forced pull out of the town, fearing arrest by the intelligence services who have a history of detaining journalists for covering stories which the government deem "counter—revolutionary. " alexander hopes that his film has highlighted the plight of the poor
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and forgotten venezuela ns. i was trying to show how in the face of such misery, there is still so much resilience. so i hope those who view the documentary, people particularly in trinidad & tobago who are seeing these fishermen coming over to trinidad, begin to feel for these people and notjust see them as refugees, as bandits, but see them as real people who are trying to provide the most basic food items for their families. the judges praised alexander's camera work and thought this was a "unique choice of story." in ourfinalfilm, and the winner in the current affairs category, deeyah khan comes face—to—face with some of america's most influential neo—nazi leaders.
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freelancers deeyah and her colleague darin prindle spent several days with activists, including jeff schoep, leader of america's largest neo—nazi organisation. we feel that the white race in general, western civilisation in general is under a full assault. i know what neo—nazis think and how they view somebody like me, but i wanted to understand why they believe the things that they believe, and if it was possible for me to find their humanity, and if it would be possible to them to recognise my humanity. the 14 words is "we must secure the existence of our race and a future for white children..." deeyah: and 88? hh. which stands for? heil hitler. this is our pr director, brian culpepper.
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good to meet you, i'm deeyah.. ma'am. having spent several days with brian culpepper, another member of the national socialist movement, deeyah questioned him about his extreme views. what i would be doing, deeyah, is ensuring the preservation of our race, my race and my nation. that is what it comes down to, and that is the only way forward, i would have to make sure sure that everyone who was ordered to do so would have to leave. including me. including you. i do not want to walk in all judgemental and self—righteous, and just have it out and shout at them, and then pat myself on the back feeling as if "yeah, i really challenged them." i want to have a real conversation, i wanted to listen and i wanted to see if i could get them to a place where they might be able to listen.
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the judges praised deeyah's unbreakable personality and her extraordinary interview technique in what must have been emotionally very difficult circumstances. they felt although the topic had been covered extensively, deeyah got under the skin of every one of the characters in a way that no—one has done before. wow. hello, brian? two months after the interview with deeyah, brian culpepper resigned from the national socialist movement. now that you have left, do you think you would give me a different answer to that question? so today, brian culpepper would not deport me? and why not? that's it for this year's edition of the firing line,
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a year in which the rise of racism around the world, civil war and the human cost of the refugee crisis all featured in the winning entries of the 2018 rory peck awards. goodbye. high pressure will continue through the coming week. but the positioning of it will have a great influence on the feel of the weather. a dry but cloudy story. wet and windy in the north and west of scotland. high pressure is down to the south, we are pulling in winds from the south—west and that is a mild direction, but there is a lot of moisture in it, so we are seeing a
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lot of cloud. it is mainly affecting western areas. but there is some dry spells to be had, mainly in the east. but through new year's eve we should see sunny spells in the south. the fly in the ointment being this front bringing rain and strong winds to scotland. away from the weather frontf winds to scotland. away from the weather front f you have outdoor plans for new year it should be dry. cloudy with some mist and fog. but that weather front is a game—changer. through new year's day it will introduce colder air and the high pressure moves to the west and the winds become northerly. a cold direction. but it is a dry direction and we lose the cloud through new yea r‘s and we lose the cloud through new year's day, plenty of sunshine. but it will be all about the temperatures. particularly for the northern half where the cold air
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makes inroads. double digit temperatures int makes inroads. double digit temperatures in t south. a different feel for the sort of 2019. high pressure in charge but we will see some frosty starts. that is away from the area of cloud that will feed in on a north—easterly breeze affecting lincolnshire and yorkshire. plenty of sunshine, but highs ofjust yorkshire. plenty of sunshine, but highs of just three yorkshire. plenty of sunshine, but highs ofjust three to eight celsius on wednesday. as well as the cold days, we are going to see some frosty starts. it will turn colder for the start of january. mostly dry with plenty of sunshine. but we are going to see the the return of frosty mornings. high pressure still in charge as we head into thursday. a frosty start for many once again, but plenty of sunshine on offer. but around that area of high pressure we will see the winds come back to a more south—westerly feed, mainly affecting north—west scotland. here more cloud, but temperatures recover. elsewhere sunshine but much
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colder. highs of five celsius. high pressure still firmly in the driving seat as we head towards the end of the week. we still have that south—westerly flow bringing in more cloud to the western coast of scotla nd cloud to the western coast of scotland and here temperatures back into double figures. elsewhere a lot of sunshine and fine, dry weather, but feeling colder as we head through friday with temperatures up to seven celsius. then next weekend high pressure still in charge and it may drift to the west and perhaps to the south. so we mayjust see one or two weather fronts make their way into the far north and west. but many places will remain dry. there is the chance of some patchy rain in the north—west of scotland. temperatures fluctuating, but around average. there are indications... a company with no record of doing business is given millions of pounds to transport goods in the event of a no—deal brexit. seaborne freight claims its ferries
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will carry lorries from a port in ramsgate that hasn't been used in five years. why use a company that's never moved a single truck in their entire history, and give them £14 million? the department for transport insists the company was carefully vetted. also tonight: more migrants arrive in kent as the home secretary cuts short his christmas holiday to deal with the rising number of channel crossings. violence and claims of vote—rigging in bangladesh's general election, as the governing party is returned to power.
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