tv BBC News at Ten BBC News August 8, 2019 10:00pm-10:31pm BST
the united nations says we need to eat less meat to help tackle climate change. scientists have warned that intensive farming to produce meat and dairy products is having a growing impact on the planet. the choice between broccoli and ribs on your plate actually has a real link to the level of global warming that we're likely to see. but the experts have stopped short of telling people to give up meat altogether. also tonight... a man's been charged with attempted murder after a police officer was stabbed in a frenzied machete attack in east london. the prime minister promises to fast track visas for top scientists coming to britain as he says he's confident a deal can be done with the eu. a 1a year old girl has died and an 18 year old is in a critical
condition after three teenagers were pulled from the sea near clacton pier in essex. a special report from inside kashmir — in lockdown — cut off since sunday — after india removed its special status. the anger inside isn't really spilling out onto the streets, as we have seen happen before in kashmir. the reason for that is that people aren't able to communicate with each other and because of the tight security deployment. and we talk to the 20 year old cello prodigy from nottingham who played at prince harry and meghan‘s wedding as he prepares to perform at the proms. and coming up on sportsday on bbc news... one of the biggest deals of transfer deadline day — romelu lukaku has left manchester united to join inter milan for a club record fee.
good evening. a major united nations report on land use and climate change says we should all be eating less meat and making ourdiets more plant based. the un experts say we're consuming too many meat and diary products in the west and it's helping to fuel global warming. but their new report stops short of saying people should become vegetarian or vegan. here's our science editor david shukman. a wall of dust smothers the parched fields of oklahoma. the planet is heating up, which may make it harder to grow the food we need, just as the world's population keeps increasing. there'll be 2 billion more of us by the middle of the century. and at the same time, up to a third of all food is wasted. and as it rots, it releases gases that raise temperatures even more. and this exacerbates
climate change... the un climate panel highlights these challenges in a major new report into how we're damaging the land we depend on — and what that means for the future. we see very high risks, and that becomes incredibly scary, not just for the public, but for us as individuals and scientists, and the question is, what can we do to avoid those risks and build a betterfuture? the first step, the scientists say, would be to see an end to clearing forests like the amazon. as we reported last month, the trees store huge amounts of carbon, but they're being felled to make way for cattle. and because the animals generate a lot of methane, a warming gas, the report says that eating less meat and more plants would really help. so what we choose to put on our plate helps define what the carbon footprint and the level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, so that choice between broccoli and ribs on your plate actually has
a real link to the level of global warming that we're likely to see. the report suggests that we have to come up with clever new ways of producing food and of using land if we're to have any chance of avoiding the most dangerous impacts of climate change. and it's very clear that switching to renewables on their own won't be enough. at this research farm in the netherlands, a glimpse of a possible future — with a robot working a field. this is the view from the machine, spotting weeds in the crop. and planting everything in strips limits the spread of pests and the need to spray. up the road, a dairy farm that's floating in rotterdam. it means the cows can be milked where consumers live, cutting the need for transport, which means fewer emissions. the same kind of idea in nigeria. this farmer is in the city of abuja.
this food is grown where it's eaten. urban agriculture like this can be more environmentally friendly. another option is being tested on cattle near reading. the feed includes an additive which reduces the methane the animals produce when they burp. farmers' leaders say their target for cutting emissions is ambitious. as the national farmers union we have called and said that agriculture is up for delivering net zero by 2040 with a willing government, so we really feel that we can achieve that target and it is really looking at climate friendly farming. the teenage campaigner greta thunberg was in geneva to thank the climate scientists for their work. she says her diet is vegan and said that attitudes towards climate change seem to depend on age. it feels like many older people feel like, "why should i care about this?"
"this is not going to affect me as much." but young people feel more like it is going to affect them. wind tears away precious soil from the fields. the more the land is degraded, the less it can absorb carbon from the air, and the more temperatures will rise. david joins us from geneva now. the experts say cut down on meat but they could have said give it up altogether and gone a lot further? they have been very careful to look at all bossy about this and they have said in the poorest countries there are people who are nomadic who cannot grow their own food and depend on the animals for survival and also that there are people around the world that for various health reasons may benefit from eating meat, and what the scientists wa nt to eating meat, and what the scientists want to do is lay out the evidence for everyone to see, that a meat based diet has a bigger impact on the climate than one based on plants. i spoke to the campaigner
earlier today, greta thunberg, and she said she is a vegan but she did not want to tell people how to lead their lives. what is striking, climate change often appears to be a a bstra ct climate change often appears to be a abstract and remote issue but this report lands directly in front of each of us on our plates, as it were, it requires us to come up with an answer, a choice about what we are going to eat every day. david, thanks forjoining us. a man has been charged with attempted murder tonight after a police officer was stabbed in a frenzied machete attack as he tried to stop a van in east london. 56 year old muhammad rodwan is also charged with possessing an offensive weapon. the police officer, who's 28, is recovering in hospital after he sustained multiple injuries. our special correspondent lucy manning's report begins with footage from the attack you may find distressing. it's all so quick... from the van, a man leaps out
with a machete and is tasered. hold him down! the officer who has been stabbed is on his knees, but after tasering him, he is still restraining the man. the machete, on the pavement. i need an ambulance now! i've been stabbed! call 999! moments after, blood pouring from the officer's stab wounds, backup has arrived, and colleagues bandage his head. this was east london in the early hours of the morning. the weapon can be seen carried by another officer. you see that machete there? the man in his 50s is pinned to the ground. he is alleged to have stabbed the policeman a number of times. mohammed faisal saw what happened from his window. the officer was lying on the floor, facing upwards. his old clothes were torn apart and they were putting next to him,
the taser gun was just next to him, as well. and someone, sitting on his head side, was actually trying to stop the bleeding, because there was a lot of blood on the street over there. the guy came and attacked the police officer. it was pretty terrifying. the other officer was crying. everyone's carrying knives and things like this — it's getting out of hand. the injured officer is recovering in hospital. he is seriously injured, but stable. a routine attempt to stop a van turned into a vicious attack. frenzied, unprovoked, shocking. a violent struggle ensues where he produces a weapon and stabs our officer in the head and around the body, and also, during the struggle, the officer managed to get his taser and deploy it, which stops the incident. officers are not only having
to tackle the rising knife crime, but also facing more attacks themselves. obviously, what this underscores, for me, is the bravery of our police. people who actually go towards danger to keep us safer. sympathies are obviously with the officer and his family. but also what it shows to me is the vital importance of investing in policing. blood is still visible on the pavement. the officer, lucky that he is one of the ones equipped with a taser and was able to use it. the law has been tightened so that anyone assaulting a police officer is nowjailed for a year rather than six months, but this was a much more serious attack, that police are facing more frequently. 30,000 officers were attacked in england and wales last year — 4,000 more than the previous one. the reality of the danger the police face. lucy manning, bbc news. a teenager has appeared at the old bailey accused of attempted murder after a six—year
old boy was allegedly thrown from a viewing platform at the tate modern gallery in london. the boy — from france — was visiting london with his family. he's now in a stable condition in hospital after falling five storeys. the 17—year—old will go on trial in february. the prime minister has warned mps to get on and deliver brexit by the end of october and he called on the eu to "show common sense" on a brexit deal. speaking to the bbc, borisjohnson also announced plans to develop a new fast—track visa system to attract top scientists from across the world. here's our political correspondent ben wright. oh, i've got it. trying to grapple with something very complicated — brexit will bring a shake—up of the immigration system, and visiting labs inventing energies of the future, borisjohnson said visas for the sharpest science and engineering minds would be fast—tracked. we're going to turn the uk, as it were, into a kind of supercharged magnet, drawing scientists, like iron filings, from around the world to help push forward projects like this, in which we can not only
take a scientific lead but a commercial lead, as well. this sort of research is expensive. the eu has funded a lot of it, and there have been warnings from within the sector a no—deal brexit would be damaging. obviously, we don't want a no—deal brexit, we're working for a deal, but be in no doubt that the uk will continue under any circumstances to collaborate in great scientific projects. the circumstances of britain's departure from the eu remain totally uncertain. if borisjohnson decides to go for a no—deal brexit, many mps here are determined to try and stop him. what you have is the rather absurd sight of a prime minister who, in 2016, posed as a champion of parliamentary democracy, turn, in 2019, into some kind of dictator. parliament will not stand for it, we have the mechanisms available to stop no—deal from happening. every mp should work to make sure that happens. borisjohnson wants to get
a new brexit deal agreed with the eu but is braced for an autumn battle with parliament if he can't and the government tries to leave the eu without any agreement. can you guarantee that you will not seek to bypass parliament to get a no—deal brexit through? what mps should do is honour the mandate of the people and leave the eu on october the 31st, and that is what... but, mrjohnson, you know that mps do not want a no—deal brexit, there will be a confidence vote, they may well try and force you to resign, orforce you to hold a general election. do you simply plan to dig into numberten? colleagues in the house of commons can see that if we are to restore trust in our democracy, faith in politics, faith in the ability of politicians to deliver on their promises, then we have to leave the eu on october the 31st. a few weeks ago, you said the chance of a no—deal brexit was a million to one — do you still think that? i think that if there is common sense and if there is goodwill on the part of our friends
and partners, which i assume that there is, then that's absolutely right. your strategy is to wait for the eu to blink, and if they don't, it's a no—deal? there is every possibility for the eu to show flexibility, there's bags of time for them to do it, and i'm confident they will. so we're another day closer to brexit, there is no new deal, little sense from the prime minister here in oxfordshire that he's urgently trying to negotiate one, and the stand—off with the eu continues. ben wright, bbc news. the indian prime minister, narendra modi, has defended his government's decision to remove kashmir‘s special status. he said its removal would benefit not only the people of kashmir — but all of india. india and pakistan — two nuclear armed powers — claim kashmir in its entirety. but each controls part of the territory. pakistan has said the removal of special status breaches international law, but its foreign minister said they are not looking at a military response.
our correspondent yogeta limaye, is one of the few international journalists in kashmir. she sent this report from srinagar, which has been in lockdown since sunday. kashmir is a fortress, tens of thousands of indian soldiers line it streets and highways. police vans announcing there is a curfew in place do the rounds. boys raising anti—india slogans are chased away. and there are checkpoints everywhere. we asked for ids and passes. and after some convincing, we are allowed to go ahead. because of the environment of fear, it's been hard to speak to kashmir‘s people. so, away from the eyes of the security forces, we have come into the old lanes of srinagar. in a one—room home we meet an elderly couple. with phone lines cut off, television has been their only source of information.
"modi has done what he wanted to do but he has left us to die," this woman tells me as she breaks down. translation: what india has done, it's done for itself, not for us. they have smothered us, they have destroyed us. their son overhears our conversation and joins in. "how are we free?", he asks. "this is worse than being injail." outside people are curious, asking for information, telling us how angry they are. what you are seeing here, stones strewn across the street, signs that a protest took place here earlier. clashes like these have been breaking out here in srinagar and in parts of southern kashmir, as well. but the anger inside isn't really spilling out onto the streets as we have seen happen
before in kashmir. the reason for that is that people are not able to communicate with each other and because of the tight security deployment. when the soldiers begin to withdraw in the evening, a few stone pelters come out. what will happen when the curfew is lifted, is the question on everyone's minds. today, prime minister modi addressed the nation, defending his government's decision. there are parts of the region where people are welcoming his words but here in srinagar they have lost faith in indian democracy. yogeta limaye, srinagar, bbc news. more people than ever before are waiting for routine operations in england — like hip and knee replacements. there were more than four million people on a waiting list injune — that's a record. figures also show that accident and emergency attendances last month were the highest they've been since records began. nhs england says the heatwave was one factor — but overall demand has also increased. our health editor hugh pym reports.
les has been running pet businesses in devon but work got more and more difficult as he struggled with pain from his hip which needed a replacement. that should have happened in months but he waited for more than a year before finally he managed to get it done on the nhs. the date kept getting put back and put back and that was unacceptable to me and i'm sure it is to many other people as well. operations like that can be delayed because beds are taken up by patients needing urgent care. at this london hospital, the chief executive has an overview of the pressures across the system. hospitals are very full which is remarkable forjuly and august. altogether i think it is a reflection of a system that is under severe pressure, where demand is much higher than available capacity. the stifling heat in many areas last
month contributed to record numbers going to a&e departments in england, nearly 2.3 million. emergency department consultents argue there are many factors behind the increase. i think the heatwave has had some impact, without a doubt. overall, if you look at the trends, they clearly show that unfortunately we seem to be going backwards in terms of being able to maintain decent levels of system performance, and that is a real cause of concern. the four—hour target for patients being treated was missed again. england's performance was behind scotland but ahead of wales and northern ireland. there has been a series of government health announcements for england this week and a spokesperson highlighted the latest funding commitment for hospital buildings and equipment, but in some senses the latest figures are a reality check on the state of the nhs. as you can see, it can
be quite strenuous. i wouldn't have been able to do this previously. for les, having the hip operation has made a big difference to his work and every day life. the change it has made is inestimable and if i hadn't had it done, i would still be waiting now. more than half a million people in england are enduring long waits for surgery and the number is rising month by month. hugh pym, bbc news. three police officers have been injured after trouble flared at the site of a bonfire in north belfast. more than 150 officers were deployed, with police later leaving the site because of the "risks to innocent bystanders" posed by their presence. six petrol bombs were recovered in the operation and police say the violence is probably related to dissident republican groups. a 1a year old girl has died and an 18 year old is in a critical condition after three teenagers were pulled from the sea near clacton pier in essex this afternoon. all three are from the same family.
from clacton, debby tubby reports. three teenagers, all related, all got into difficulty in the water here. chris holmes saw them pulled ashore by the council's beach patrol team and helped resuscitate the 18—year—old until the emergency services arrived. i was just sitting here with my family and my wife said, "chris, chris!" and ijust looked over and i saw three people drowning in the water and ijust ran over there and started cpr. the first when i come to, ijust did what i could to try and save his life. the air ambulance was launched to help take them to hospital, many people have said two of the three teenagers were fully clothed. we saw there were beach—goers running, so many policemen all running up to here. there were, like, lots of muslim people i saw wearing hijab and stuff like that. i wanted to talk to one of them, but they were crying. essex police have confirmed that one of the three teenagers, a 14—year—old girl, has died.
an 18—year—old man is in the critical but stable condition in hospital and a 15—year—old girl is expected to make a full recovery. they also say that they are supporting the family at this very difficult time. debbie tubby, bbc news. football and it's been transfer deadline day in the premier league — with many clubs putting the finishing touches to their squads ahead of the new season — which starts tomorrow. amongst the biggest deals: celtic defender kieran tiernay has made a high profile move to arsenal for twenty—five million pounds. (ani)one of the big surprises was chelsea's sale of brazilian international david luiz to arsenal for eight—million pounds. (ani)and the manchester united striker romelu lukaku is moving to italian giants inter milan (ani) in a seventy—four million pound deal. he's the cellist who won the bbc‘s young musican of the year and gained global fame when he performed at the wedding
of the duke and duchess of sussex. now 20 year old sheku kanneh—mason from nottingham is set to play sir edward elgar‘s poignant cello concerto at the bbc proms — a hundred years after elgar composed it. here's our arts editor, will gompertz. edward elgar‘s elegiac cello concerto in e minor. written a hundred years ago, immortalised by jacqueline du pre in the mid—1960s. she was a 20—year—old cello prodigy then. just as sheku kanneh—mason is now. her performances are very inspiring. i have taken lots of inspiration from her playing. definitely when i was younger, i wanted to be her. but it will be him, front and centre at the proms, giving his version of elgar‘s famous concerto.
for me, it is one of the greatest pieces of music ever written. to perform in here, is going to be very, very special. elgar wrote it after the first world war, about which he was incredibly disturbed, it is a very sad piece in that regard. how does it resonate a hundred years on? it is a terribly sad piece and i think, although of course i have not experienced anything even close to anyone who lived through the first world war has, but even just by listening to this piece and playing this piece, i have tried to understand the music and i think a lot of that comes across really clearly. he comes from an extraordinary family. all seven children are exceptional musicians and his elder sister, a gifted pianist, leading the way. what we had was quite rare, the fact that we went to state schools that supported music and had music, that is very rare and, in fact, that has also gone now from the schools that we were at, so i think we were very lucky.
now, that it is not so common, in the schools and free music lessons are not so common, money is a big factor and i do worry that there are people with the talent or the want to do music who may be restricted. the thing that is lacking a lot in this country is opportunity. well, the opportunity to have the lessons, to have instruments and things and also to have the opportunity to see classical music live as well. do you ever, do you ever, it is like, come on, sheku, it is time to get out of bed? yes, i do. there is kind of an atmosphere. i mean, if someone was to come downstairs in the afternoon, having done no practice, it would be considered strange, because everyone will be practising then we would kind of look at them and say, oh, you haven't done any practice yet? and it is kind of teasing. there won't be a need for any of that with his elgar prom, he has been preparing for it for years. will gompertz, bbc news. that's it.
now on bbc one, time for the news where you are. hello and welcome to sportsday — i'm jane dougall. one of the biggest deals of transfer deadline day — romelu lukaku has left manchester united to join inter milan for a cloud record fee. a 6000 mile round trip for wolves — but it's paid off, as they win 4—0 in armenia. and a good innings for amla —
the south african batsman calls time on an impressive international career. hello and welcome. the clubs, the players and the fans can all breathe a sigh of relief because the transfer window has closed — as always — with a few last minute deals. amongst them, romelu lukaku leaving manchester united, david luiz going from chelsea to arsenal and a return home to newcastle for andy carroll. the biggest deal of these three, undoubtedly is lu ka ku, going to inter millan for £72 million. our reporterjoe lynskey spoke to former manager owen coyle and asked him if he felt there was a change in manchester united's approach — signing young players
like aaron wan—bissaka, danieljames and harry maguire — and selling lukaku, who had fallen out of favour. when he's fully fit and himself, no doubt he's world—class record trap —— top player, i think last year it was underwhelming for manchester united as we know, and given his absence from training i think he was a lwa ys absence from training i think he was always leaving the football cloud. and some of the money they spent on the trafficking players they brought for the transfer window so i would suggest a good dealfor both, he gets a chance to get his career back on track and they get money back in to balance the books. letting him go as perhaps a sign of what they try to do in the transfer window. young british players, i'm interested to do in the transfer window. young british players, i'm interested in your thoughts because they went for this approach do you think it's overly sentimental to try and bring back the younger players are to be thinking at work? being sentimental
is bringing place on the youth team as he put his money is invested on the 3m start. they are all as they say very, very young good prep —— good players they're quick and i think going back to manchester united what is good for that attack and flair, and you have gas friends to step up, good and players. so i think i would suggest manchester probably had the lowest average in terms of age, but they will be fast and exciting they have too close on manchester city, and i think these will certainly help to try make roads into the gap. owen coyle there with our reporterjoe lynskey. movement at arsenal too, and the arrival of david luiz has been a surprise for many supporters. the 32—year—old has signed from chelsea, despite agreeing a long—term deal at stamford bridge earlier in the summer. luiz is joined by the scotland international kieran tierney. the full backjoins from celtic for £25 million. our reporter natalie pirks spent
the day at the emirates following the deals. we understand there has been following out reality with him, and team—mates and a crispy now chelsea boss but he didn't train with chuck yesterday, it was thought that he fell down the pecking order left out of their last match to the match before the game on sunday. and lampard before the game on sunday. and lampa rd preferring christiansen before the game on sunday. and lampard preferring christiansen back from lebanon and he got rid of your coming back from injury, so it is probably felt by him and lampard he was pretty much going to be forth in this pecking order. £8 million to your deal don't forget the chorus he signed a chelsea extension for 120 grand a week. saying he was happy to be there, so obviously something is happening quite rapidly in the last few weeks to make them want to leave and to make lampard sell him because they can't sign anyone else for the