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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  August 20, 2019 10:00pm-10:31pm BST

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tonight at ten — the uk's oil refineries warn their long—term future could be in doubt if there's a no—deal brexit. the industry says government policy to allow cheaper imported petrol would hit them hard. anything that puts uk industry at a disadvantage, particularly in the post—brexit world, is not something we think is a good idea. world, is not something we world, is not something find evidence of how local councils we find evidence of how local councils are stockpiling fuel in preparation for no deal. we'll be asking what all this means for the consumer. also tonight... in court — the man charged with the murder of pc andrew harper, killed on duty on thursday a shrug from the man who's helped topple italy's leader — the prime minister resigns amid tempestuous scenes in parliament.
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the night a million people in england and wales lost power — the watchdog investigates — and there could be fines. and virgin galactic could take you into space next year — for a mere £200,000. and coming up on sportsday on bbc news... steve smith will miss the third ashes test with concussion. he's been unable to train after suffering a blow to the neck. good evening. british fuel refineries, where oil is turned into petrol and diesel, could face severe difficulties in the aftermath of a no—deal brexit, according to industry leaders and documents seen by the bbc.
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under current plans for no—deal, the government says it won't impose duties on imports — which could mean cheaper petrol from places like russia on sale here. good news for us, the consumers, in the short term, but potentially not for the industry, with british refined fuel exports facing a 5% eu tax. documents obtained by the bbc also reveal the extent to which councils are already stockpiling fuel — in preparation for a no—deal brexit. here's our economics editor faisal islam. by the humber, tankers fill up with petrol that has just been refined from north sea oil at one of the six remaining refineries in the uk, pumping out the petrol and diesel used by millions of vehicles. according to contingency planning, seen by bbc news, there is a danger to their viability under the government's current no—deal brexit plans. the specific problem is that under no—deal brexit, these refineries now face a near 5% tax on exports — there is a tariff into the eu.
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it's currently zero with the uk as a member of the eu. anything that puts uk industry at a disadvantage isn't something we think is a good idea. if we export petrol to europe, we'd face a 5% tariff, whereas a european refiner would face no tariffs. it's not a level playing field, but in the context of refining, it's a significant figure. on top of that, in order to keep pump prices for british consumers down after a no—deal brexit, the government has allowed all petrol imports in at a zero tariff. that makes the fuel produced here at the refinery in pembrokeshire, wales, uneconomical for exports to ireland, and yet at the same time leaves production here outcompeted by european refineries for use within the uk. that is why a local authority brexit planning document
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from anglesey, seen by the bbc, says... but there is more than that. under wto rules, that will apply after a no—deal brexit, the uk government's offer of zero tariff free access to eu refineries must apply to the world's refineries too. the industry has told government that that means an increased dependence on the likes of russian fuel. isn't it a good thing for consumers if they can get cheap petrol from russia and everywhere else in the world? i think the inflationary pressures long term of having a dependency on an import market would be a disadvantage. do we want to be dependent on any country outside of the uk for our fuel? is that really a possibility? we could become dependent on imports?
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we could end up in a situation where it becomes extremely uncompetitive for a domestic industry to stay in the uk. although these same companies have gone public to the bbc on the threats to their refineries, they are understandably more shy on the impact of a possibly imminent no—deal brexit on fuel availability. but other internal council documents seen by bbc news shed a light on existing preparations. aberdeen council has two weeks of bunkered fuel and says of the uk—wide worst case no deal scenario... chichester district council outlines plans for purchase of a 2a,000 litre tank and refuelling station circa 25- £30,000 so tank and refuelling station circa 25— £30,000 so their services do not
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have to operate hand to mouth in a fuel shortage after a no—deal brexit. the system to deal with fuel shortages, the national emergency plan for fuel, is already well developed after the gridlock caused by fuel protests in 2000. now, councils are going to notable lengths, but there are wider concerns about the viability of large parts of this vital industry. what's the government's strategy here? we have had a statement from the government. they say they will work flat out to prepare for the potential impact on british refineries if there is a no deal, and the prime minister and the government have stressed that these ta riffs government have stressed that these tariffs are temporary, and they say they have to choose what these sovereign tariffs will be and it means a set of priorities. do you prioritise the producers or protect the producers in some ways? by
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and in other industries they have protected the industry, but that is not the choice here, they want to keep pump prices as low as possible to prevent an inflationary shock, but this is the dilemma of the industry is facing and they say this will affect them and they have said this ina will affect them and they have said this in a ratherforthright will affect them and they have said this in a rather forthright way. thanks forjoining us. well, brussels has again firmly rejected borisjohnson‘s insistence that the controversial irish backstop be scrapped. we'll hear from our correspondent in brussels in a moment, but first let's just look again atjust what the backstop is. right now, the uk and the republic of ireland are both in the eu, so there are no border checks between the two. but after brexit, northern ireland will leave with the rest of the uk, while the republic will remain in the eu. normally, that would mean border checks, something neither the eu nor the uk wants. so, the eu and theresa may came up with the backstop.
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it means if a future trade deal can't be agreed, the border would be kept open, keeping northern ireland closely aligned with the eu. for borisjohnson‘s government, that a no—no. adam fleming is in brussels. borisjohnson has said the backstop is unviable. what's the response been from the eu? the eu have been very critical about this today, and we had donald tusk, the president of the european council on twitter, and he said that boris johnson's council on twitter, and he said that borisjohnson‘s proposal would lead to the reintroduction of a border on the island of ireland and that he was not exactly being honest about that. there was a document circulated amongst the 27 other eu governments rebutting a lot of the prime minister's claims about the good friday agreement. the eu is sticking to its position that the backstop has to stay in the divorce treaty that will be signed before brexit day if there is to be a deal
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and thejoint brexit day if there is to be a deal and the joint search for alternatives to the backstop will only happen after that. angela merkel of germany said something similar today, and i merkel of germany said something similartoday, and i imagine she will say something similar tomorrow to borisjohnson will say something similar tomorrow to boris johnson face—to—face when he goes to berlin. i also imagine he would hear something similarfrom the french president in paris on thursday and from donald tusk when they meet at the g7 summit at the weekend. although there is somewhere where they will be less face—to—face contact between the uk and the eu, thatis contact between the uk and the eu, that is he in brussels, to date was announced that british officials who work on eu matters will stop going to meetings which do not have a direct impact on the uk from the ist of september and instead they will be preparing for brexit, deal or no deal. adam, thanks forjoining us. the man charged with the murder of pc andrew harper, killed on duty last thursday, has appeared at reading
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magistrates' court. jed foster, who's 20, is also charged with the theft of a quad bike. he denies the charges and his solicitor called on the police to follow all lines of inquiry to establish who was responsible. pc harper of thames valley police had only been married for a month. our home affairs correspondent daniel sandford has the story — and a warning, this report does contain flashing images. being brought upstairs in handcuffs at reading magistrates court today, jed foster, who was charged last night with the murder of pc andrew harper. the 20—year—old is also accused of the theft of a quad bike, just before the police officer died. pc harper's family came to court to see the man accused of killing him in person, to bear witness to his first appearance in the dock. during the two—minute hearing, jed foster simply confirmed his name, date of birth and his address near reading. his family were also in court,
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including his mother, holding a teddy bear, and afterwards, his solicitor made this statement. on behalf of him and his family, he emphatically denies any responsibility or involvement in the horrific murder of pc andrew harper. we urge the police to follow every single line of inquiry to prove who is responsible and to ensure that there is justice in this case. pc andrew harper was the first police officer to die in the line of duty for more than two years. he married his wife lissiejust 28 days before he was killed. pc harper had been called out on thursday night to reports of a burglary and a stolen quad bike, but somehow he ended up under a vehicle, being dragged across the busy all, and ended up being treated for his fatal injuries in that road on the other side of the junction. this afternoon, scene of crime officers continued to work
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at a local travellers' site and on nearby roads, while the nine other people who had been held on suspicion of murder were released on police bail until next month. pc harper's death has been felt very deeply in the wider police family, with officers from forces across england laying flowers at the crossroads where he fell. daniel sandford, bbc news, berkshire. italy's prime minister, giuseppe conte, has offered his resignation to the country's president. it follows his blistering speech in parliament in which he accused the interior minister, matteo salvini, of destroying the ruling coalition for his personal gain. mr conte — who belongs to neither party in the coalition — was brought in a year ago to try to hold the government together. this report by our correspondent james reynolds contains some flashing images. if you come to bury, not to praise, then the senate in rome is a perfect stage.
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italy's prime minister giuseppe conte aimed his dagger at the man sitting to his right, his coalition partner matteo salvini. translation: mr salvini has been irresponsible in provoking this government crisis. he has followed only his own party interest. the attack generated nothing more than a shrug or two. this coalition has not managed to fix italy's long struggling economy. salvini is moving out because he no longer wants to share power with populist rivals. he believes he can win an outright victory in a snap election. translation: let's go to an election, no one knows better than the italian people. they know who's done a good job. matteo salvini is already italy's most influential politician.
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he works on his man of the people image the way others work on their tans. 0n the beach near rome we found italians ready to go and vote. "if we need yet another election," this holiday—maker tells me, "so be it." "it is all a mess," this man says, "but i hope there is a vote soon "and i'll be happy to go with salvini again." and it is here at sea that the far right leader has won his support. salvini has made it much harder for migrant rescue boats including this spanish vessel to dock in italy. this afternoon, some migrants, tired of waiting off the coast of lampedusa, jumped overboard and tried to swim to shore. finally, italy agreed to take everyone on the rescue ship onto dry land. and this evening here in rome, the outgoing prime minister went to see italy's president.
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the decision to call an early election now rests exclusively with the head of state. and ten night there is no guarantee that the president will agree to a snap vote. —— tonight. he may even decide to ask an alternative coalition to form a government and that really is the flaw in matteo salvini's walk—out gamble. the far right leader does not control what happens next. james, many thanks. let's take a look at some of today's other news. syrian rebels have told the bbc they've pulled out of a key town in the north—west of the country. pro—government forces look set to re—caputure khan sheikhoun after five years. rebels are also reported to have lost their last territory in neighbouring hama province. a new study suggests that projections of the amount of shale gas under the uk have been significantly overestimated. the research, in thejournal nature communications, suggests that instead of 50 years
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of gas at the current rate of consumption, there's only 5—7 years' supply. the uk's fracking industry, which represents companies like cuadrilla, has dismissed the report. manchester united say they utterly condemn the racist abuse their midfielder paul pogba received after he missed a penalty last night. the 26—year—old was attacked on social media after the 1—1 draw with wolverhampton wanderers. he is the third player in england to have received racist abuse in the past week after missing a penalty. the energy regulator 0fgem is investigating national grid and other energy companies after a mass power outage earlier this month, which left more than a million people without power and caused huge disruption in england and wales. national grid say the blackout was caused by a lightning strike, followed by the failure of two power stations. our business correspondent emma simpson reports. lights out, chaos and confusion.
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it was the biggest blackout in a decade. hundreds of trains cancelled, passengers stranded. traffic lights not working. a large nhs hospital affected and newcastle airport too. today, more detail on what caused the power cut. at liz52pm, there was a lightning strike north of london, hitting a transmission line. immediately, hornsea offshore wind farm lost power. it shouldn't happen with lightning. at the same time, little barford gas power station in bedfordshire also tripped, with two large generators failing. there wasn't enough reserve power to instantly bridge the gap. so the emergency system kicked in to prevent a wider shutdown. 5% of the country's electricity demand was taken out. it meant 1.1 million customers lost power. shortly after 5pm, the system stabilised. it could have been a lot worse.
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the system worked to prevent a cascade failure and we still have an electricity system that's operating now. i would say the system worked as intended. but did it? why was there so much disruption, especially on the railways? there were some minor signalling problems, but the key issue was 60 new govia thameslink trains. they weren't disconnected in the shutdown, but an internal safety mechanism was triggered and they ground to a halt. around half of them needed engineers to get them restarted, causing widespread chaos and delays. bye, train. so, should the national grid be more resilient? this company and its batteries helped to restore the power supply. it's on standby to deliver instant electricity when needed. simply, the incident could have been avoided. what we need is more back—up fast response power such as batteries, which operate in less than a second.
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if we had those, we wouldn't have seen an outage. as we go further forward with climate change and more renewables, these incidents will happen more and more. that's something the energy regulator will also be looking at as part of its investigation. it could fine the national grid or any of the other electricity companies involved, if they are found to be at fault. emma simpson, bbc news. throughout this week across bbc news, we're looking at the issues facing farmers in the uk, and brexit is, of course, a key one. the uk's farming unions have warned that leaving the eu without a deal would cause severe disruption to the industry. the minister responsible, george eustice, said the government would support the sector through what he called "short—term turbulence". gareth barlow reports. brexit has brought uncertainty to agriculture, but nowhere more so than here on the irish border. come on, come on! 0wen martin's family
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have farmed dairy cattle in south armagh, on the very edge of northern ireland, for nearly 100 years. you wouldn't think there was a border. many‘s the time you cross the border and you don't realise it. no deal is chaos, it's going to be. nobody seems to know what we can do. staff, you can hold on, but the milk has to... 0ur tanks are full every other day. second day, with a hard border, we'd have to throw it out. that's our livelihood. so what do you need to see? what's the best possible outcome? a deal and a transition period. hundreds of thousands of animals and millions of litres of milk cross the irish border every year. it's somewhere around here — but there's nothing to show exactly where it is. for the businesses and for the people on both sides, it's practically invisible. unlike here, between sweden and norway, where you simply can't miss the border. this crossing from an eu country into a non—eu country is not
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only a physical barrier, but also impacts the decisions made by the norwegian government and their farmers. norway isn't in the eu, but it is a key trading partner, a situation the uk will be keen to replicate. the country's agricultural policy is focused on guaranteeing food prices and supporting norwegian farmers. one of the biggest challenges forfarmers like bjorn is competing against the size of the european union. we feel that it's always in favour of the eu because we are not able to compete on the eu market. there is a strong support for agriculture in norway by the consumer and by the government and parliament. so, the best paying market is right here outside my barn door. back in the uk, farming unions have called on the government to strike a deal with the eu and do more to support british farmers. we've spent three years planning for a no—deal brexit. we're going to do everything we can to make sure that the border flow continues and we are also going to put in place support
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for sectors like sheep that may be affected through that short—term turbulence. confidence in westminster, but even amongst farmers who support brexit, there are calls for clarity. i probably would vote the same way. the problem is, we've let politicians take over and do it and that's where the problems arise. it doesn't matter what happens come the 31st of october, we just need to know what's going to happen. it's just knowing. this uncertainty has been the biggest challenge. forfarmers, dealing with brexit is like dealing with the weather. the question being asked across the sector — what's coming next? gareth barlow, bbc news. the name of the nextjames bond film has been revealed. it'll be called no time to die. daniel craig will return again as 007 for the 25th instalment of the spy series, which will also star rami malek as the villain. behind—the—scenes footage of filming in the caribbean was released injune. cricket, and the australian batsman
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steve smith has been ruled out of the third ashes test at headingley, because of the concussion he suffered at lord's at the weekend. smith, who has already scored two centuries in the series, was hit on the neck by a bouncer from the england fast bowlerjofra archer. australia currently lead the ashes series 1—0. the new boss at virgin galactic says the company will begin taking people into space on commercial flights by the end of 2020. the project hasn't been without its problems. in 2014, a pilot died after crashing during a test flight, and there have been question marks over the project's environmental impact. the bbc‘s marc cieslak travelled to spaceport in the united states, and sent this report. 20 miles past the town of truth or consequences in the new mexico desert, we find find spaceport america. we are here to get a rare glimpse inside that. it bills itself as the world's very first purpose—built commercial
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spaceport and it's home to virgin galactic, sir richard branson‘s company, which is hoping to send fee—paying customers to space. fire, fire! the spaceport‘s exterior is the product of british architects foster and partners. it's cost £179 million to build, a bill which has been footed by state government and local taxpayers. eventually, five spacecraft will reside in the hangar and it's here passengers will receive three days' training before blasting off into the upper atmosphere. virgin's tickets cost £200,000 for a 90—minute flight. so far, 600 people have signed up. but at a time of increased concerns about the environment, is it responsible to send wealthy people to space for fun? we actually don't have a very big rocket motor in the back, so the per person co2 emissions is for the average flight around
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that of a business class flight from new york to the uk. there is an awareness of our planet documented scientifically with astronauts — they come back changed, with a greater realisation of the fragility of our ecosystem and ecosphere. the irony of this idea isn't lost on space experts, though. the fact they have to go that far into space above the planet to have that emotion of feeling protective over the world they live in is sort of ridiculous. but you have to put it into perspective of the fact that space travel is very limited in how much it actually contributes to c02 emissions in comparison to aircraft. it is a tiny fraction of what aircraft put out there. there have been setbacks for virgin galactic. in 2014, one of its spacecraft crashed during flight testing, resulting in the death of its co—pilot and serious injuries for the pilot. 0n the spaceport‘s two—mile long runway, chief pilot dave mckay acknowledges the time that flight testing is taking. it has taken longer than, i guess,
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we thought it would do initially. with hindsight, i don't think that's at all surprising. virgin galactic is part of a new space race. amazon's founder and ceo jeff bezos' blue origin and tesla boss elon musk‘s space x also have plans to take fee—paying customers into space. the race is on. space could be about to get a lot more crowded — for those that can afford the price of a ticket, that is. marc cieslak, bbc news. that's it. now on bbc one, time for the news where you are. have a very good night. with itjust yet.
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hello and welcome to sportsday — i'm eleanor roper. australian batsman steve smith is ruled out of the third ashes test. it's as the head coach of england's women's team — mark robinson — steps down. twitter suspends accounts after paul pogba is racially abused. is it time for social media companies to do more? why don't we make a big start and boycott social media. also coming up in the programme... as climbing prepares for its 0lympic debut. why british hopes are in safe hands, news on another medal at the world championships.
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he was a major doubt — diagnosed with delayed concussion after a blow to the neck in the second ashes test. cricket australia confirming today steve smith will miss thursday's match at headingley, having failed to recover in time. the man of the series so far, his are big shoes to fill, with australia needing one more win to retain the ashes. patrick gearey reports. for most of the series, steve has beenin for most of the series, steve has been in the middle of things, cree scorebook headlines. but he was australian star as a spectator. not totally recovered from concussion to
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face the quick bowlers, so later this week he will not face england. still it's not ready to back five days after being hit by jaffer archer, should he have gone back out to do it, the same afternoon?” asked him over and over because he cared about the player is of course, and he was keen and confidence to be 0k and they talk about a delayed consent —— concussion anything to you later, and he did with him and that's why he's out. because of his head, stray are without their heart, steve smith is at the series top score, and is rented covered for the shortcomings of others. likely he'll be replaced in leeds and he and his team—mates must follow him. be replaced in leeds and he and his team-mates must follow him. we going to lose our best batter arguably so the blow no doubt about it. when you ta ke the blow no doubt about it. when you take your best player is out, there is always an impact so we have to make sure all the other guys and senior players and the younger players all step up and feel almost
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unbillable she is because he's a bass player in the world —— wild. easy to forget, but they were made one nail down and went to pedal a pen pal player in the world —— wild. easy to forget, but they were made one nail down and when to file for failing to ingrain the ashes, he is resting today but that an archer and will be set loose on england quickest pitch. it's a good thing to see that they have someone making thatjump around, as it's been ple nty of thatjump around, as it's been plenty of other english boys which are quite happy about it the guys on the other side fence jump around a little bit. it certainly an exciting prospect that's for sure. the through history, they have been a hinge, a point where momentum changes. 0ver hinge, a point where momentum changes. over the years, this place has seen some remarkable cricket.


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