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tv   World News Today  BBC News  August 23, 2019 9:00pm-9:31pm BST

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this is bbc world news today. i'm lewis vaughan jones. our top stories... president trump orders american companies to look at ways to close their operations in china after beijing says it's imposing more tariffs on us goods. the eu threatens to block a huge trade deal with south america, unless brazil curbs forest fires blamed on president bolsonaro's policies. firefighters in the state most affected by the amazon fires have been working here for the past two weeks, using blowers and water to put out the flames but resources are an issue here as it is a vast area with few people on the ground. and russia launches the world's
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first floating nuclear power station in the arctic. hello and welcome to world news today. finacial markets have been tumbling after donald trump has waded deeper into the us—china trade war. this time the us president said he was ordering us companies to look at ways to close their operations in china and make more products in america. on twitter he said... "our great american companies are hereby ordered to immediately start looking for an alternative to china including bringing your companies home and making your products in the usa." he went on to say "we don't need china and, frankly, would be far better off without them." the comments came hours after china
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announced it will impose additional tariffs on us imports worth about 75 billion dollars — this in retaliation to a us decision to increase tariffs on chinese goods. well, since the president's comments, us stocks have fallen sharply, the dowjones has fallen nearly 600 points, our business correspondent michelle fleury is in new york. i asked the bbc‘s chris buckler in washington what is happening? those last few minutes of the trading day where volatile and you pointed out that the dowjones volatile and you pointed out that the dow jones is volatile and you pointed out that the dowjones is down more than 700 points and close down 621 points lower and you look across the board losses of more than 2% on the dow jones and s&p 500, the nasdaq down 396 jones and s&p 500, the nasdaq down 3% and when you are seeing here is wall street reacting to these comments by the president and seeing a return that the trade war is escalating and a recession or certainly a downturn may be closer than investors would have liked to
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imagine. why has donald trump take this fight been given the consequences? it is hard not to see this through the prison of his reelection campaign. —— the prism of his reelection campaign. the economy has been a bright spot for him frankly, you have consumers in america who are standing in the jobs market is looking pretty healthy and that was echoed by comments by the top central banker at a conference of top financiers. but where you are starting to see the weakness is in manufacturing and business investment. that is a reflection of the sabre rattling we are seeing over this trade war with china. any and insight with this trade were in china? the take away is that there is not an end in sight and if anything it looks to be more prolonged and part of the concern on
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the american side, you hear people talking about this being a asymmetric battle because china can sort of laid out the election cycle here in america, that gives them an upper hand at the negotiating table and remember both trade negotiators just decided to get back together and september for further discussions. the economic fallout there. let's look at the political fallout. i asked the bbc‘s chris buckler in washington whether or not mr trump can indeed order us companies to close their operations in china. in simple terms absolutely not but donald trump has been pushing time and time again he is america first policy and want us companies to bring jobs and business to america and invest in this country rather than other countries and at the same time this order that he has put on sweater gives a sense of his frustration with china and the anger
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that he feels about the fact that they cannot come to a trade deal. america walked into the trade negotiations demanding that china signed up to a deal that it said was going to be good for both countries but particularly in america and china has simply decided to stick this one out. they have put up with ta riffs this one out. they have put up with tariffs and argued time and time again that america is not being fair and terms of its negotiations and what we have seen as a president who has not got his own way becoming angrier and angrier and certainly if you take a look at the tariffs that have been placed by both sides in this get a sense that this trade battle is beginning to sound like a proper trade war. he hinted that he would be responding in some way later today over and washington and any hand over what that would be? later today over and washington and any hand over what that would be ?m is difficult to say at this stage and you can't get away from the idea that potentially it means further
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ta riffs that potentially it means further tariffs or potentially bringing ta riffs tariffs or potentially bringing tariffs planned closer to what he was planning at this particular point in time. earlier this summer he put forward a suggestion that ta riffs he put forward a suggestion that tariffs would go and place of $300 billion of chinese imports. there are tariffs planned for the start of next month and he related decided that he was going to push those back to look christmas and we do not know what donald trump is thinking and there are people inside the white house currently involved in those negotiations and it certainly seems like he wants to send a message to china and it is also frustrated by the fact that he is hearing all this talk of potential doom and gloom for the economy and saying the economy remains strong and will keep on pushing for america's strong economy and people should be looking at these figures but they remain concerns for analyst that maybe it can slow down or even stop and in
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these serious series of tweets we have an attack on the chairman of the american central bank and he said by his actions as lazy a bigger and to america had been china's president and that is an astonishing comment for a president of the united states to make about the chairman of the fed. the latest from washington there. we will go to south america now. the fires currently ravaging the amazon rainforest in brazil have prompted the leaders of france and ireland to declare they won't support a major eu trade deal with south america — unless brazil does more to bring the situation under control. campaigners have blamed the environmental policies of brazil's president, jair bolsonaro, for the spread of the fires, which are threatening a major source of the world's oxygen. the fires are scattered widely across the amazon, most notably in the north of brazil. they're the most intense in the region for almost a decade. the issue is due to be discussed at the g7 summit in france this weekend —
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but the brazilian president has criticised foreign governments for interfering. here's our diplomatic correspondent james robbins. the fires in the amazon forest continue to rage. and as more and more trees are lost, the threat to this great carbon capturing region of the world grows. reports suggest there may be 2500 separate fires in the brazilian amazon. farmers and loggers are being widely blamed for lighting many of them. there has been a sustained pattern of clearing forest for cultivation, part of a drive to expand agriculture, encouraged by the country's controversial, right wing president. translation: actually it is bolsonaro who is responsible for what is happening in the amazon. he encourages environmental crime which makes criminals feel comfortable. several world leaders are about to travel to france
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for a summit hosted by president macron, applaud his decision to put the amazon fires at the top of the agenda. he tweeted, our house is burning literally. the amazon, the lungs which produce 20% of the planet's oxygen is on fire. it is an international crisis. i passionately share the view of emmanuel macron about what is happening in brazil. one of the things i am going to be raising at the g7 is the horrific loss of habitats and species around the world. with protests in london and other capitals, all this has gone down very badly with brazil's president bolsonaro. he is accusing g7 leaders of a colonial mindset and climate charities of interference. translation: those countries that send money here, they are not doing it for charity.
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i hope everyone can understand that. they are doing it because they have a vested interest. they want to interfere with our sovereignty. they are looking for riches under the soil. the amazon rainforest is huge, not only in sheer geographical size, but also in its importance in sustaining life on earth. it covers about 2.1 million square miles, about half the size of europe. it has billions of trees and is home to 3 million species of plants and animals. the amazon produces 20% of our planet's oxygen and absorbs harmful co2 from the atmosphere. but the forest is under threat, with an average area the size of a football pitch being cleared every minute. and this year, the number of fires in the forest has jumped by 85%. my colleague is in the west of the country. firefighters in the state, one of the most affected by the fires have been working here for the past two weeks using blowers and water trying to put out the flames.
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resources are an issue here as it is a vast area with few people on the ground and a tight budget. it is the indigenous people of the amazon who are suffering most. some have been attacked and killed. they see the entire world under threat. that is increasingly the view of much of the rest of the world also. but is there enough political will to change things? james robbins, bbc news. joining us from sao paulo is luis aragow. he's the director of the remote sensing division at the national institute for space research, which is responsible for analysing satellite data,
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estimating deforestation and the impact of fires. thank you very much for being with us. thank you very much for being with us. when you saw those images, the scale of what is going on, how shocked where you? good evening. so what we are observing this year is an increase that we really should be worried with because it is surpassing what we have been observing for the last ten years and we really need to use the data to ta ke we really need to use the data to take actions on the ground. what kind of actions the need to take? so, at the moment, with deforestation and fires we need to have fire brigades located at the sites with higher action to really
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reduce and try to what is going on. if is like fire gates do work is there room for optimism or is there something now which has been referred to as the didactic scenario where we are at a tipping point too much is lost? this is a very good point and goes to what is happening now, ask a scientist my opinion is that we need to be optimists, brazil has a federal law for reducing carbon emissions into the atmosphere from deforestation and the law states that we need to reduce deforestation by 80% by 2020 in relation to the 96, 2005. this is
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something that we need to do to be compliant with the law. be second thing, we have access in our institutes to that latest technology to provide makers and society quality data for mitigating deforestation and also be able to deal with the fire issue. so this process is basically a concept of the deforestation we saw increasing and this leads to destruction of the forest in the case at the deforestation fires rake into this for us, we lose the carbon that is there an increased co2 in the
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atmosphere and biodiversity will be affected and the most important will be the influence on the water cycle which will have a direct impact on security because most of the most productive areas receive their rainfall that is recycled for the amazon. i am afraid we have to jump in there but we understand there are m essa 9 es in there but we understand there are messages that we receive loud and clear, thank you forjoining us. let's ta ke let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news now. protesters in hong kong have formed a human chain through the streets of the city, the latest in 11 weeks of demonstrations against an extradition bill that would allow hong kongers to be extradiated to mainland china. the bill was shelved, but since then protesters have broadened their demands, calling for greater democratic rights and more independence from chinese state rule. liberal us supreme courtjustice ruth bader ginsburg has been treated for cancer.
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the 86—year—old is believed to have responded well to the treatment a spokeswoman said. ginsburg, who joined the court in 1993, underwent surgery in december causing her to miss oral arguments for the first time in her lengthy career. russia is to launch the world's first floating nuclear power station in the arctic, in spite of the concerns of environmentalists. the 21 thousand tonne vessel has left murmansk on a three week voyage to the chukotka region in russia's far east. sarah rainsford reports from moscow. the giant floating power station got a sendoff from murmansk as it heads east across the architect to provide energy to a remote mining town. it will replace a cold fire power plane there. russia says it is
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ecologically sound and safe. translation: -- he ecologically sound and safe. translation: —— he says the main advantage of the floating plant is to deliver energy precisely where it is needed however isolated. officials call a green energy reducing greenhouse gases. the environmental group greenpeace dabbed at a floating chernobyl, and saying it at sea is risky and vulnerable to storms or colliding with icebergs and dealing with accidents and such remotes spots will be a challenge. after a deadly explosion during a recent missile test, that accident because radiation levels to spike locally and on the official secrecy surrounding it has fuelled fear and suspicion. russian officials point out that the two reactors on this new power plant are like those already in use on the nuclear icebreakers. a plane to produce more
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of the floating stations for export. stay with us on bbc world news, still to come: one of a million children caught in the syrian conflict. we'll hear from parents trying to escape idlib and the airstrikes by forces loyal to president assad. washington the world's most political city is assessing the political city is assessing the political help of the well‘s most powerful man. i did have a relationship with her that was not appropriate and in fact it was wrong. in south africa 97 people had been killed today and one of the worst days of violence between rival groups. over the last ten days 500 have died. czechoslovakia must be free! russia is observing a national day of mourning for the 118 sub mariners who died. within our
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hearts... the pope celebrated mass foran hearts... the pope celebrated mass for an accommodation of more than two and a half million people in his hometown. stay with us and chanted this ocean of humanity. this is bbc world news today. the latest headlines... the china—us trade war escalates, president trump says he's ordering american companies to look at ways of closing their operations in china after beijing announced it's imposing more tariffs on us goods. raging fires in the amazon prompt international leaders to speak out — but the brazilian president accuses them of using the disaster for political gain. for the past week, thousands of syrian families have been fleeing
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a government offensive in the last opposition stronghold of idlib. the syrian army backed by russia and iran have pushed rebels out of a strategic town. hundreds of civilians have been killed after a ceasefire in the area crumbled several months ago. with more on the situation in idlib — and the people still trapped there, here's martin patience. for this young boy, it's probably an adventure. but for his parents, it's a nightmare. after eight years of fighting, syrians are still running for their lives. this, the latest exodus in a brutal conflict that's forced half the country from their homes. there's no humanity, says this man. it's our doomsday. and this is what they're fleeing. syrian and russian jets, pounding targets in the last opposition stronghold of idlib.
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for months, the syrian army, backed by russia and iran, have been fighting rebels. many of them, hardline islamists, like this man, shown in this propaganda video. the rebels are being pushed out of a string of towns and villages. once full of life, they're now deserted. but it's the million children who are caught in the middle. this family are packing whatever they can fit on their truck — bed mattresses, a washing machine — from a home they may never return to. this man and his family are setting up in an olive grove. he has nine kids, including an two—month—old daughter.
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translation: i don't know what will happen in syria. why are all the other countries keeping silent? all of them are happy with the killing of the syrian people. we seek help from god only. for this man and his young family, this might not be the last stop. with the syrian government advancing, there are fears of a bloodbath. plan for the sport now here is been. many thanks indeed, 67 allowed does not get much worse for england on a dismal day and saw australia take huge strides toward regaining the actions, victory in the third test is enough and closed with a lead of 283 at the end of the second day. here is more. this was the day that england's hopes of regaining the ashes finally slipped away. they
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arrived here with such high hopes after an impressive performance on the first day but instead what a nightmare batting display they provided and he was the first man out and quickly followed by the captainjoe out and quickly followed by the captain joe route for a out and quickly followed by the captainjoe route for a view there. joe denly the only man to make it into double figures scored with just 12. australia pulled make it into double figures scored withjust12. australia pulled well but there were some pretty dire england batting shots in there as well. all out forjust 67, the worse ashes total since 19118. that really left them a mountain to climb so to their credit they did make some inroads and david weiner was out for a duck but another study that ship and an unbeaten half century taking the path lead to 283 at the close. if england lose this match remember
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their hopes of regaining the ashes are over. we have seen a their hopes of regaining the ashes are over. we have seen a few miracles here at headingley over the yea rs miracles here at headingley over the years and think back to 19 81 when famously, they guided england to an unlikely victory and they need something similar now if they are to keep their hopes of regaining the ashes alive. meanwhile, india are facing west indies in antigua. indies resumed day two on 203 for 6 with ravi jadeja's 58 taking them to 297 all out. the windies top order have all made starts but failed to kick on. roston chase top scoring with 48. a short time ago the west indies 136—5 in their first innings. one game in the premier league on friday sees winless aston villa hosting unbeaten everton at villa park. the newly promoted side villa took the lead midway through the first half with wesley opening his account for the club. it's the first goal everton have conceded this season. the toffees could go top of the table for a few hours at least if they comeback
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and win it. in the german bundesliga, borussia dortmund can go top of the table if they avoid defeat against cologne. they trailed 1—0 but england winger jadon sancho pulled dortmund level. they have since gone on to take the read and indeed when it by three goals to one. world champions the netherlands showed no mercy as they crushed england 8—nil to reach the final of the eurohockey championships in antwerp. england suffered their worst defeat in recent memory shipping 5 goals in the final two quarters. it means great britain miss out on automatic qualification for the tokyo olympics — forced into a two legged playoff in november instead. standing between holland and an 18th european title are germany. they beat spain thanks to this short corner in the very last minute. that final takes place on sunday with england and spain playing off for bronze.
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plenty more on the website. that is all for now. that is it, thank you for watching bbc news. goodbye. hello there and many of us have had some warm spells of sunshine and looking into the forecast into the weekend if anything it is only going to get hotter and temperatures for some pushing up to the 30 celsius mark over the next couple of days and satellite pictures yesterday the cloud across the north and west of country and this is rain bearing clad, wet weather moving in overnight and affect parts of northwest scotland and northern ireland but into the weekend and head of that system we are starting to pull up head of that system we are starting to pullup ourairfrom head of that system we are starting to pull up our airfrom the continent so this is what is going on, takea continent so this is what is going on, take a cloud works into the scottish highlands and islands and ray not to far away from northern
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ireland and you can see it here for a time and england and wales is a picture as some nested patches into tomorrow night. high—pressure is starting to steer the winds from a more southeasterly direction across the uk and that means temperatures will be boosted by the warmer air coming in from europe and weather—wise on saturday could be a bit of low cloud to start the day in a few places and that will be burned away with some sunshine. across these northwestern areas that cloud could be thick enough to bring some showers and from time to time. temperatures underneath the collieries on and generally low 20s and the sunshine comes out lightly looking at temperatures in the mid to high 20s but up to 30 or so across parts of eastern england. more of the same to come really and we can see a few showers across western areas and a largely dry picture and in the sunshine, hottest temperatures up to 2a in edinburgh and newcastle and 30 degrees towards london and south east england. a bit
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of uncertainty in the forecast include monday and for many of us it will be a dry day with spells of sunshine coming and we could see a few changes in the forecast and it is not out of the question that we see some showers break out across southern parts of england and the leather front towards the northwest of the uk may well slow down a bit so of the uk may well slow down a bit so you might not actually get into the northwest of scotland said there are some changes we may see in the forecast before it monday and most of us, there is a dry one answer anyone with temperatures generally into the 20s perhaps the high 20s and the warm spots and looking beyond that it looks like the weather will be cooling down an awareness weather across eastern england.
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this is bbc world news, the headlines. financial markets have beenin headlines. financial markets have been in turmoil after president trump said he is ordering us companies to look at ways to close their operations in china and make more of their products in america. it comes after china said it would impose additional tariffs on us imports. global stock markets fall with the dowjones industrial average losing more than 600 points, london's ftse 100 average losing more than 600 points, london's ftse100 and the german market also turn negative. several leaders have said they are prepared to describe huge trade deals with south america on this brazil takes action to curb the raging forest fires in the amazon. in russia has launched the world's first floating nuclear power station in the arctic
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in spite of concerns of environmentalists, it's now on


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