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tv   BBC News  BBC News  August 24, 2019 1:00am-1:31am BST

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the fight for this land and this fjord may be a taste of what's to come for all of us, as the world realises that shifting to new technology to tackle climate change does come with a cost. james cook, bbc news, finnmark in norway. welcome to bbc news, we can bring you some good pictures i'm martin stanford. our top stories: now of the red arrows joining their us counterparts in a historic flight down new york's hudson river and around as the amazon burns, brazil's president blames dry weather and above—average the statue of liberty. temperatures. hundreds of thousands of people lined the river to watch the flypast on thursday. it was the first time the combination ofjets had been he's authorised federal brought together in such a way. the red arrows are on an 11—week troops to fight the fires. low humidity and strong wind adds tour of north america. to the challenge as sometimes the fire can spread as fast 30 or a0 kilometres an hour. the brazilian president saying he's turmoil on global stock markets as donald trump slaps further tariffs on chinese imports. authorised the army to fight fires. acknowledging scotland's he said wildfires can be ties to the slave trade. glasgow university promises found in any country. to pay caribbean countries millions in reparations. they found in any country. should not be used as an exc for they should not be used as an excuse for international sanctions. and — the cost of tackling climate change. how green technologies hello there. on friday, the temperature reached 28 celsius in hull but it could be are threatening arctic traditions.
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a record—breaking bank holiday weekend. we've got a lot of heat and sunshine to come this weekend but there is the risk still of one or two showers because not only are we drawing in the heat from the near continent around that area of high pressure, we are also increasing the humidity. and we've still got low pressure sitting towards the north—west of the uk and this weather front is hanging around too. hello and welcome to bbc news. for a while, it'll be quite breezy brazil's president, jair bolsonaro, in the north—west corner of the uk has authorised the armed forces to tackle a record number of fires but away from here, it looks like we'll have clearer skies in the amazon rainforest. and those temperatures will dip away to 11—14 degrees. now, we've still got more cloud for the north—west of scotland it comes after intense pressure and northern ireland on saturday from european leaders, who've threatened to scrap a major and maybe a few showers to come for the highlands and islands, trade deal with the main as well as fermanagh and tyrone south american bloc because of his but away from here, lots of sunshine across other parts of scotland views about the environment. conservationists believe and across england and wales and that heat will build very the brazilian president has quickly in the light winds encouraged loggers and farmers to clear the land. and strong sunshine so warming up camilla mota reports across the eastern parts of northern ireland, the central belt of scotland, from the amazon. highest temperatures for england and wales widely the high 20s, peaking at 30 or so in the flames in the amazon continue the south—east of england. to rage, thousands of fires, almost impossible to control. this is the world's biggest
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rainforest and carbon store, home to 20 million people. we travelled to one area on the fringe of the rainforest, where the flames have devoured huge areas. very warm for the ashes day firefighters in the state three at headingley. of rondonia, one of the most 27 degrees or so in the afternoon affected by the amazon fires, have been working here for the past in the blue skies and light winds, and it'll be lovely end to the day two weeks, trying to put out the flames, but resources for many parts of the country. are an issue here, as it's a vast a fine evening to come. area with few people on the ground, the showers in the north—west and across northern ireland, and low humidity and strong winds probably tending to fade away overnight. add to the challenge, some of the cloud will drift its way into western parts of england as sometimes the fire can spread and wales, mind you. probably not producing any showers as fast as 30 or a0 km/h. and temperatures again, 1144. there is the risk of one or two showers popping off from this cloud, the fires here threaten many homes. one man told us his wife had fled for west wales and south—west of england and northern ireland while he tries to protect the land. but it's a lower risk and you can see elsewhere there should be a lot translation: it's a dangerous situation, we have lots of crops of sunshine again, light winds, here, and everything is burning. that heat building further north the trees, i had to move the animals into scotland with the sunshine in the north—west as well but again, the higher temperatures probably in the midlands, eastern england, 30 or 31 around the london area. so they don't burn too. on monday, while we've got the risk of a shower, that too is reduced. still, a lot of uncertainty about monday. there could be one or two showers farmers and loggers are widely around but on the whole it looks blamed for starting the fires, as the amazon is relentlessly like it's going to be dry and sunny. cleared for cultivation.
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brazil's controversial not quite as warm perhaps across western scotland right—wing president, jair bolsonaro, has championed and northern ireland, western fringes of england and wales, but the heat the exploitation of the rainforest. is still there towards the east now, though, brazil is facing and south—east and again, we could be close to 30 degrees. some uncertainty then through monday international pressure. and into the beginning of next week. european leaders are calling the threat of showers coming up it a global emergency. from the south reduced. brazil's president has accused them this weather front is going to bring rain into scotland of a colonial mindset and charities and northern ireland slowly working to save the rainforest but surely, but still largely dry and warm in the south—east. of interference. translation: those countries that send money here, they are not doing it for charity. i hope everyone can understand that. they are doing it because they have a vested interest. they want to interfere with our sovereignty. they are looking for riches under the soil. it's the amazon's indigenous people who are suffering the most. some have been attacked and killed as loggers and farmers try to push them off the land. translation: with each passing day, we see the destruction, deforestation, invasion, logging. we are sad because the forest
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is dying at every moment. we feel the climate changing, and the world needs the forest, we need it, and our children need it. as the amazon burns, the world is now paying attention. brazil's president says he may send in the army to help tackle the flames. camilla veras mota, bbc news, in the amazon. thousands of people have joined protests outside brazilian embassies across europe — demanding that president bolsonaro takes immediate action to deal with the fires. 0ur diplomatic correspondent, james robbins, considers the impact the brazilian leader's policies have had on the amazon. the amazon rainforest is huge, this is bbc news, the headlines: not only in sheer geographic size but also in its importance brazil's presidentjair for sustaining life on earth. bolsanoro has ordered the military to help fight it covers around 2.1 million square miles, the devastating fires in the amazon about half the size of europe. rainforest — blaming dry conditions and above average temperatures. the announcement comes after intense it is home to 3 million species pressure from european leaders, who'd threatened to scrap of plants and animals and has billions of trees that absorb c02 and slow global warming. a major trade deal. but it is under severe threat. on average, an area the size
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president trump has announced of a football pitch further increases to trade is cleared every minute. tariffs against china. president bolsonaro is blamed for actively encouraging the destruction of the rainforest. in a series of angry tweets, why? he said a planned 25% tax on billions of dollars of chinese goods would be increased to 30% from october. the move comes after beijing president bolsonaro won last year's election unveiled new duties on us goods. partly by promising radical change in the amazon. russia has launched the world's 0pening it up forfarming, first floating nuclear power station diluting environmental laws in the arctic, in spite of concerns and reducing fines for of environmentalists. it's now on a voyage those who break them. to russia's far east. it's intended to supply power to oil rigs and spent fuel will be it was a green light stored on board. and notjust for the poor — established farmers say it is right to clear the forest. but president bolsonaro's approach has been condemned by emmanuel macron of france. he is preparing to welcome leaders of other wealthy countries in the g7 to biarritz.
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he says the fires must be top of their weekend summit agenda. the president has tweeted, our house is burning, literally. the amazon, the lungs which produce 20% of our planet's oxygen, is on fire. it is an international crisis. but what, if anything, can the leaders actually do? france is threatening to block a major eu trade deal, negotiated with a group of south american countries including brazil, if president bolsonaro does not change his stance on climate change, but that would hit trade between both continents. and germany, although supporting the concern, does not necessarily support such a drastic remedy. fires are not just burning in brazil. other countries are affected including venezuela, bolivia and colombia. the loss of trees and habitat is greatest in brazil and that is where the global focus will remain. in the past hour brazil's president bolsonaro has addressed his nation.
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he blamed the fires on dry weather and above average temperatures but he said this was not something that should be used as a pretext for international sanctions. translation: all the countries have expressed solidarity with brazil. they have offered to help tackle the wildfires but have also offered to ta ke wildfires but have also offered to take brazil's position to the g7 meeting. wildfires can happen anywhere and they should not be used asa anywhere and they should not be used as a pretext for international sanctions. i'm joined by the world service americas editor leonardo rocha. was the french pressure from mr macron that did this? most of all, yes. president bolsonaro took the quite personally and went on tweeted to say the french president should not call him a liar. the french president was quite forward with his
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criticism and all the european leaders came together with him saying that the numbers on fires should be discussed at the g7 meeting in france and president bolsonaro then realised he was facing a possible ban on brazilian meat exports, for example, and other agricultural products and he was under internal pressure in brazil from his supporters. the agribusiness people there. and he realised he had to act and on his address on national television he opened the address by saying that he loves the arm is on as a military man and former captain he served time there and it is quite different to what he said during his electric campaign —— electoral campaign. quite a different rhetoric. and he has wrought in president trump as well. yes. and that is a very good for president bolsonaro and his supporters. what president trump
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cleverly did, he said he had a positive conversation with bolsonaro and brazil offered great trade opportunities and that he would offer help to put out the fires. so now president bolsonaro was in a position with president trump facing the eu and there is a possibility but what is interesting here is that president bolsonaro had a way to backtrack and had to address a major problem that he did not expect to address, his environmental record in project is on. —— in protecting the arm is on. —— mac three. —— amazon. let's get some of the day's other news prosecutors in paris have opened a preliminary investigation into jeffrey epstein. police will look in to whether the disgraced financier
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committed sex crimes in france or against french citizens. epstein, who had a flat in paris, was found dead in his prison cell in new york earlier this month. officials said they were acting on information from a number of sources — including the american authorities. liberal us supreme courtjustice ruth bader ginsburg has been treated for cancer. the 86—year—old is believed to have responded well to the treatment a spokeswoman said. ginsburg, who joined the court in 1993, underwent surgery in december causing her to miss oral arguments for the first time in her lengthy career. the german carmaker volkswagen says it is recalling nearly 700,000 vehicles in the united states, over fears that they could roll away if left unattended. volkswagen said the fault was due to an electrical issue — although there've been no injuries as a result of the fault. british airways pilots are to stage a series of strikes next month, in a dispute over pay. the british airline pilots association said its members will walk out on the ninth, 10th and 27th of september. it comes after they rejected a pay increase worth 11.5% over three years, which the airline said is "fair and generous".
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the trade war between the us and china has taken yet another twist — within the last couple of hours, president trump has further increased tariffs on chinese goods. making the announcement on twitter, the us president said that the 25% tariffs he'd announced before will increase to 30% — from the first of october. earlier, us markets tumbled with the dowjones closing down more than 600 points. the president's comments are part of an ongoing tussle with beijing. our business correspondent michelle fleury is in new york with the latest. donald trump vowed to respond to china's tariffs and he made good on that threat. the president raised tariffs on $250 billion of goods to 30% raised tariffs to 15% on another $300 billion worth of chinese goods. the announcement came one hour after the us markets closed after another rocky trading session.
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the dowjones finish down 623 points the s&p 500 which tracks the 500 biggest public companies in america ended 2.6% lower. us markets began the trading day lower after the news from beijing. wall street bounced back after the comments from jerome powell raising the prospects of a rate cut. but the momentum shifted again and the markets slide accelerated after mr trump said that american companies should immediately start looking for an alternative to china including, he said, bringing companies home. it should be said that the us president has no power to order us companies to do anything. nonetheless his comments sent a chill through the markets. he also launched an extraordinary new attack on the federal chair asking who is the bigger enemy? the chinese leader orjerome powell? donald trump has been pressuring the federal bank to do more
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to stimulate the economy. the effect however was to rattle investors, worried about the deepening trade conflict with china and the damage it is doing to the global economy. 0ur washington correspondent chris buckler says that as well as increasing tariffs mr trump has told us firms to look at alternatives to trading with china. in a series of furious tweets he attacked china, appeared to heighten the trade war, and he ordered, and that is the word he used — ordered — american companies with interests in china to look elsewhere to base their operations. and what sparked this is the plan of china to impose up to 10% tariffs on $75 billion worth of american goods. that is the latest strike in a bitter trade battle between the countries. the us had already announced plans to impose 10% tariffs on some $300 billion of chinese imports by the middle of december. and president trump hasjust
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announced that in response to china's decision he will increase that to 15%. all of these imports have a danger of threatening both countries' economies. but it was notjust china in the firing line today, it was also the head of the federal bank, the central bank of america. president trump has been pushing for them to cut interest rates to fuel spending by american businesses and households but he did not get that pledge today from the chairman of the fed. in response, there was another extremely angry tweet. in it, president trump said he had only one question, who was the bigger enemy of america — jerome powell, the head of the central bank, or china president xijinping? it is no surprise that the economy is weighing on president trump's mind as there is no bigger threat to a president seeking re—election. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: a russian fanfare for the launch of the world's first
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floating nuclear reactor. he's the first african—american to win the presidential nomination of a major party and he accepts exactly 45 years to the day that martin luther king declared, "i have a dream." as darkness falls tonight, an unfamiliar light will appear in the south—eastern sky. an orange glowing disc that's brighter than anything, save the moon — our neighbouring planet, mars. horn toots there is no doubt that this election is an important milestone in the birth of east timor as the world's newest nation. it will take months, and billions of dollars, to repair what katrina achieved injust hours. three weeks is the longest the great clock has been off duty in 117 years so it was with great satisfaction that clockmakerjohn vernon
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swung the pendulum to set the clock going again. big ben bongs and warm in the south—east. this is bbc news, the latest headlines. brazil's president has ordered the military to help fight devastating fires in the amazon, blaming dry weather and above—average temperatures. president trump has ordered american firms to find alternatives to trading with china as the trade war escalates. russia is to launch the world's first floating nuclear power station in the arctic, in spite of the concerns of environmentalists. the 21,000—tonne vessel has left murmansk on a 3—week voyage to the chukotka region of russia's far east. sarah rainsford reports from moscow.
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the giant floating powerstation got a send—off from murmansk as it heads over 3,000 miles east across the artic to provide energy to a remote mining town. the akademik lomonosov will replace a coal—fired power plant and an ageing nuclear station in a move russia insists is both ecologically sound and safe. the station's director, dmitry alekseenko, says the main advantage of the floating plant is to deliver energy precisely where it's needed, however isolated. officials also call this clean energy, reducing greenhouse gases. but the environmental group greenpeace has dubbed the lomonosov a floating chernobyl, arguing putting a nuclear plant at sea is risky, that it is vulnerable to storms and colliding with icebergs and dealing with accidents in such remote spots would be a major challenge. concerns over nuclear energy in russia are especially high these days after a deadly explosion during a recent missile test.
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that accident caused radiation levels to spike locally and all the official secrecy surrounding it has only fuelled fear and suspicion. russian officials point out, though, that the two reactors on this new power plant are like those already in use on its nuclear icebreakers. they plan to produce more of the floating stations for exports. sarah rainsford reporting from moscow. glasgow university is to raise and spend £20 million to atone for the money it benefited from during the slave trade. it's thought to be the first institution in the uk to put such a programme in place. the money will be used for a research centre which glasgow will manage in partnership with the university of the west indies, to raise awareness of the history of slavery. from glasgow, lorna gordon reports. the university of glasgow was the first civic institution in scotland to petition against slavery. in centuries past, the cloisters here echoed with the voices of prominent abolitionists and academics who challenged the trade in humans.
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but there is a less well—known side to its history. we can see he donated £1000 to the university of glasgow. a search of the institution's archives revealed significant support from those who made their wealth off the back of slaves. we don't think the university of glasgow ever owned any slave people or estates. but what has come to light is the university profited or benefited significantly from the mortifications, benefited mortification the bequests, the gifts from those associated with the slave economies. those benefits now worth perhaps as much as £200 million. my ancestors, we waited over 200 years for this. in a ceremony about recognition and regret, a pledge to help raise millions to research the impact of slavery. much of this work will be based in the caribbean. the concept of research and run has become the norm in british universities. this is an instance
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where a university has said, "we have research, we are going to stand our ground "and we are going participate in dealing with the consequences, "adverse and negative, but we can get over them." and where glasgow university goes, the city looks to follow. the reminders of glasgow's links to the historic slave trade surround you here. the buildings, even the names of the streets. now the city council is putting in place, its own plans to look at its slave economy past. but it's the world of academia that has often been at the forefront of arguments over how we remember our history. and while other british universities are now starting to research their involvement with the slave trade, some think acting on that is a step too far. it suggests that people who are alive today either bare some historical responsibility for what their ancestors did in the past, i mean truly barbaric and criminal acts. but to suggest that people alive today are somehow responsible
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for the sins of their ancestors, i think is a step too far. from scotland's macca, there was a poem to mark today's occasion. here's a redress that's long been owed. here's a first step on the road. a first step away from gestures towards making amends. lorna gordon, bbc news, glasgow. scientists and conservationists in kenya say they have successfully harvested 10 eggs from the only two surviving northern white rhinos, in an effort to save the species from extinction. the eggs from the female rhinos will be fertilised using frozen sperm collected from the last male of the species, which died last year. few places have experienced the effects of climate change as vividly as the arctic.
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in finnmark, at the northernmost tip of norway, the warmer temperatures pose a challenge for indigenous sami reindeer herders. but one solution — to mine copperfor a shift to electric vehicles and wind turbines — may make things even worse as our correspondent james cook has been finding out. a sami chief at the top of the world. nils mathis sara herds reindeer like his ancestors before him but now the chief and his daughter are worried about the future, a copper mine which they say will disrupt their animals and damage the environment. translation: this is life-changing. if this mine becomes reality, that makes the chance of survival impossible, both economically and mentally. at my age, we can manage somehow, but the young, they are in a dark, dark time. but exploration is already under way. the norwegian government has approved the mine and the minister in charge says the need for copper outweighs the disruption it will bring.
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it's true that the arctic is beautiful but for us, for norwegians, it's also a place where we actually live and if the world doesn't have more copper, we won't be able to build more windmills, we won't be able to have a huge shift to electrical cars, for example, that we need. the government says marine life here will be protected by strict environmental standards. this is only a half size and they grow up to be... but for the fishermen in the fjords where the mine's debris will be dumped, those assurances do not hold water. if they start mining, we cannot eat the crab, if we can catch it, but i think all the crab will die in this area. there was a mine here once before but that was many years ago
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and it too divided opinion. this time, the boss argues that his company will revitalise an area that's been struggling economically. we estimate that the mining itself, with people working every day at site, subcontractor and us, will be about 150 employees and then there will be additional employees in the society, teachers, kindergarten, at cetera. but for the sami reindeer herders, that does not like sound like a future full of promise. it's like they are just taking more and more land. it's mining, it's powerlines, it's wind power. we are so attached to lands and nature 00:24:46,447 --> 2147483051:49:07,938 and when you just cut that 2147483051:49:07,938 --> 4294966103:13:29,430 contact, what's left?
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