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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  September 30, 2019 10:00pm-10:31pm BST

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tonight at ten, ministers say a major economic response might be needed in the event of a no—deal brexit. the chancellor tells the conservative conference that brexit will happen on october 31st, and unveils some new spending pledges. this ambitious plan will bring the national living wage up to £10.50, giving 4 million people a well earned pay rise. meanwhile, the prime minister, meeting workers in manchester, has again denied allegations of misconduct with a female journalist. we'll have the latest from the conservative conference, as opposition parties at westminster confirm they will not call for a vote of no confidence in the government this week. also on the programme... the bbc has reversed a decision to partially uphold a complaint against the breakfast presenter naga munchetty, following
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a wave of criticism. scientists now say there is little evidence that eating meat increases the risk of cancer or heart disease. a special report from madagascar, where child prisoners are held in terrible conditions for stealing vanilla beans. hogg's drop goal. beauty. and, scotland keep alive their hopes of qualification for the knockout stages of the rugby world cup. and coming up on sportsday on bbc news... all the latest reports, results, interviews and features.
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good evening. the chancellor, speaking at the conservative party conference, has announced a significant economic response, in the event of a no—deal brexit at the end of october. and sajid javid insisted the uk would be leaving the eu on 31st october with or without a deal. he also announced a series of spending targets, including a planned increase in the national living wage over the next five years. meanwhile, the prime minister has again denied allegations of sexual misconduct involving a female journalist 20 years ago. our political editor laura kuenssberg has the latest. what happens to the prime minister next, and to the country, is not entirely in borisjohnson‘s hands. however many photocalls he grins for, he can't be remotely sure if brussels will budge and give him a brexit deal. we've made some pretty big moves. we're waiting to see whether our european friends will help us.
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the man in charge of the money says he can't be sure how much it would cost, but would still be prepared to take us out of the eu without a deal. irrespective, they want to open up the government cheque book. sajid javid's proud mum was in the audience to hear his promises. mum thought it was a big deal when she watched the first asians move into coronation street here in manchester. well, now she's watched the first asians move into downing street. spending taxpayers‘ money they can't be sure they'll have. this government is going to build britain's future and bring in an infrastructure revolution. outlining how his government would spend cash that's mostly already been promised on roads, broadband and transport. and a step towards higher pay. i'm setting a new target for the national living wage,
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raising it to match two thirds of median earnings. this ambitious plan will bring the national living wage up to £10.50, giving 4 million people a well earned pay rise. that would apply to everyone over 21. but it's a five year ambition, not an immediate change. this is a modern, 21st—century economy, with lots of scope, lots of opportunities, and it's right that we balance that with a fair deal for workers too. i thought it was very encouraging in many ways. i think the minimum wage will have a big impact on some industries. we will wait and see. there are plenty of promises the tories would like to make you this week here in manchester. a trial run of a manifesto perhaps. but there is a feeling in the ether more crucial conversations are happening elsewhere. unusually during a party conference, mps are at work in westminster. and opposition leaders have been
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planning their next moves, determined together to rule out any chance of borisjohnson taking us out of the eu if there's no deal. we will do all we can within a parliamentary scenario and within our own parties to prevent this country crashing out on the 31st october without a deal. reporter: do you have a problem with women, prime minister? whether it's the opposition or allegations about his past behaviour... reporter: does the prime minister have a problem with women? no, absolutely not. ..boris johnson has problems everywhere he turns. it has been alleged that you touch the thigh of a woman at a lunch without her permission. did you? no, and i think what the public want to hear is about what we're doing to level up and unite the country. will people listen when the prime minister and his top advisor wade through so much noise? after whispers that she was aware of what happened back then, dominic cummings‘ wife had to deny any knowledge. politics under this prime minister
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is stranger than any fiction. boris johnson will not write the ending on his own. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, manchester. raising the national living wage was at the heart of the chancellor's pledges today. our economics editor faisal islam is in manchester this evening. lets start with that proposal and talk about the detail and how it will be paid for. certainly an eye—catching promise from any chancellor, certainly a conservative chancellor to end low pgy- conservative chancellor to end low pay. they get there by setting the threshold for the national living wage at the threshold for poverty pay, two thirds of the average wage. they say they will get there over five years. labour has a similar policy but they want to get their essentially immediately, but also the conservatives, not surprisingly saying they want to spread this national living wage all the way down to 21—year—olds. businesses will have to pay for this, some
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think the taxpayer too, but the issueis think the taxpayer too, but the issue is they want the issue of those businesses that they have the issue of having to plan for brexit at the same time. we now also try to understand the government is on the verge of putting forward new or revised brexit proposals. what's your understanding of that? tantalising, isn't your understanding of that? ta ntalising, isn't it, your understanding of that? tantalising, isn't it, that finally some movement may be happening. what we are hearing about is a plan involving some checks for customers that ordinarily would have to be done on the irish border, a third country border, being done in something called customs clearing zone is a few kilometres away from the border, and then utilising technology. the basis, the outlines ofa technology. the basis, the outlines of a plan that would have to be fleshed out. the issue here is we have heard from some of the business is helping with this process and indeed from countries around europe, that they feel the problem is any
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checks across ireland. the uk government wants to get rid of checks across the border but if checks across the border but if checks exist anywhere across the island of ireland, isn't that still a problem. so some movement, but the solution depends on whether the europeans accept it. faisal islam, oui’ europeans accept it. faisal islam, our economic senator europeans accept it. faisal islam, our economic senator in manchester, thank you. the bbc‘s director general has reversed a decision to partially uphold a complaint against the bbc breakfast presenter naga munchetty. the complaint related to her reaction to comments by president trump. the corporation's complaints unit found last week that she had breached editorial guidelines. over 100 mps wrote to lord hall to protest against the ruling, and today lord hall said he'd reviewed the decision, as our correspondent david sillito reports. breakfast news, and an unscripted exchange that made headline news. absolutely furious, and i can imagine that lots of people in this country will be feeling absolutely furious that a man in that position feels it's ok to skirt the lines
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with using language like that. the topic — donald trump telling politicians, all women of color — to go back to where they came from. and as our guest was saying there, it's an absolutely, it feels like a thought out strategy to strengthen his position. and it's not enough to do it just to get attention. this exchange provoked a complaint about the two presenters. the process ended with a decision that naga manchetty had strayed beyond the bbc‘s editorial guidelines. describing a remark as racist is not the issue at stake here. the issue at stake is whether it's right to go on to ascribe motive, in this case to president trump, could have been to anybody else. the concern about that argument was how far was it actuallyjust accepting that racism was part of acceptable political debate. many within the bbc were said to be on easy, uncomfortable, and in the wider world,
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well today, more than 100 mps signed a letter expressing their concern. all of which led to the director general today reviewing and reversing that decision, saying, these are often finely balanced and difficult judgments, but in this instance, i don't think naga's words were sufficient to merit a partial uphold of the complaint around the comment she made. but this has also raised some wider issues. if the corporation wants to present itself as the premier cultural institution for the whole of our nation in all of its diversity, with all its differences, it needs to work out how it deals with the diversity of its own staff, and at the moment, it doesn't seem to know quite what it wants to do. there has been a clear statement, the bbc is not impartial on racism, but there are certainly other questions that have yet to be resolved. david sillito, bbc news. people can continue to eat red meat, sausages and bacon, according to an international team of experts, who concluded that there is little
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evidence that meat increases the risk of cancer or heart disease. the researchers said the current evidence on the dangers of red and processed meat was very weak. our medical correspondent fergus walsh is here with more details. there have been repeated studies linking red — and especially processed meat — with heart disease and cancer. the current guidance from the government advises people to eat no more than 70g of red and processed meat a day — equivalent to two rashers of bacon or one and half pork sausages. now a team of international experts — writing in annals of internal medicine — has reviewed existing data, and found only weak evidence that it's worth trying to cut back. they did not find no evidence of harm, but simply that it was very small. the argument here is not so much about the evidence — but how it is interpreted. take bowel cancer. in 2015, the world health organization said eating 50g of processed meat a day — less than two slices of bacon — increases the chances
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of getting it by 18%. in the uk six out of every 100 people will get bowel cancer at some point. the who estimated that if we all ate an extra 50g of bacon or other processed meat every day, the figure would go up to seven in 100 people getting bowel cancer. that increased individual risk is so small, says this new study, that cutting down is a waste of time for most of us. but across a whole population it could mean preventing thousands of cancer cases per year, which is why the current health advice won't change. huw. in beijing tomorrow, 100,000 people are expected to march through tiananmen square in the biggest display of military might in china's modern history. it is all to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the communist revolution, when chairman mao declared a new country — the people's republic of china.
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decades on, its communist rulers have defied many predictions, not only by surviving but by consolidating their hold. but recent events in hong kong have proved that the vision of one china is farfrom being realised, as our correspondent rupert wingfield—hayes reports. today in beijing, the whole of china's communist party leadership turned out to remember the millions who died in the long struggle to establish what they call new china. this was the moment of victory. october 1st, 1919. "today, china has stood up," chairman mao declared. the country he took over had been ravaged by decades of conflict. when i first crossed over from hong kong into mainland china down there 30 years ago on the other side shenzhen wasjust a dusty little border town. now look at it, a gleaming city
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of 12 million people. china's transformation has been astonishing and its people are rightly proud of that achievement. but outside the mainland, china's new wealth and power is causing deep unease, even fear, and nowhere more so than here in hong kong. forfour months now, hong kong has been rocked by anti—government protests. some huge and peaceful but others increasingly violent. the young protesters do not trust the communist party. they scoff at president xi's promised that he will maintain hong kong's autonomy for 50 years. david and his mother anne sit on opposite sides of this increasingly bitter divide. they always say that no changes in 50 years until 2047. but we find that the days of 2047 have come now. they had 200 years to build a better
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usa but china only got 70 years. if better china, better hong kong. better china, better hong kong. david is among those now calling on the united states to impose sanctions on china. why are the people supporting america in the trade war? because we want china's communist party to fall in power because of that. such talk makes hong kong's small band of super patriots extremely angry. they say fear of china is a product of british brainwashing. translation: hong kong was ruled by britain for over 150 years. they did not teach us respect for our chinese roots but encouraged us to have anti—china and anti—communist beliefs. on tuesday, china's most powerful leader since mao will review a military now second in strength only to the united states.
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it is a sight that will make many chinese hearts swell with pride. but its neighbours look on with growing concern at how china will use its new—found power. rupert wingfield—hayes, bbc news, in hong kong. let's talk a little more about this. our china correspondent john sudworthjoins me now from beijing. tell us a little bit more about the implications and significance of this show of strength we have heard about. hong kong is undoubtedly the biggest challenge to the communist party right now but there are others, the slowing economy, the trade war with the us and the wider clash of values with the west, highlighted by the mass incarceration of muslims in the western region of xinjiang. but all of these things are all the more reason why nothing must be allowed to get in the way of this extraordinary spectacle, of this
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massive military parade. large parts of the city have been shut down. kite flying has been banned, even those who own the homing pigeons have been ordered to keep them indoors. today will be about a projection of political power, a message to the outside world, yes, but mainly wanted the chinese people. and it is this, chaos has a lwa ys people. and it is this, chaos has always been at the doorstep. this is about telling them that strength and stability comes from one source alone, communist party rule. john sudworth looking ahead to events in beijing. thank you. the island of madagascar is the world's largest producer of vanilla beans. it's a booming industry, which has also attracted a sharp growth in theft. adults can to be imprisoned for up to five and a half years without trial, and children up to nearly three years. vanilla theft is tried as a special crime, which means those accused are likely to spend long periods in prison before trial. conditions for child prisoners
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are especially worrying. the bbc‘s southern africa reporter pumza fihlani visited one of the main prisons in the vanilla—producing sava region and sent this report. the squalor is extreme and unrelenting. the innocence of childhood is overwhelmed by it. but 180 children are held here in conditions so crowded there is hardly room to lie down. their mattresses, bare concrete. this boy is one of them. he was just 13 when he was imprisoned over three yea rs 13 when he was imprisoned over three years ago. he is a quiet child with a gentle manner, resigned to his fate. he says prison has destroyed his life.
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what is the hardest thing for you about being here? like most of the children here, he is accused of stealing vanilla. but he maintains he is innocent. anta la ha he maintains he is innocent. antalaha prison was built for 280 people. the children here live side by side with over 2000 adults against international standards. many don't know what a lawyer does, let alone their right to one. we meet another boy, 16 years old. he is also accused of stealing vanilla. he's been in prison for
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nine months and told me many of his friends had to defend themselves in court. there are about 100 children here who have not seen a lawyer, not even had a trial and many of them don't even know when they will be going to court. and how many of you have had access toa and how many of you have had access to a lawyer? just five? madagascar‘s justice system allows for a long detention periods. for children held her it means living under these harsh conditions even before they've been found guilty of a crime. the justice before they've been found guilty of a crime. thejustice ministry says it has no other option. asa human
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as a human being, how do you feel when you see these prisoners? we showed the conditions of the prison to a human rights lawyer. he believes vanilla theft should be treated as a petty, not serious crime. the priority of this land is much more on vanilla than human beings. has the justice system failed the children of madagascar? yes, clearly. it is very sad.
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madagascar is a country clinging to its vanilla industry at all costs and these children are paying the price. pumza fihlani, bbc news, antalaha, madagascar. price. pumza fihlani, bbc news, antala ha, madagascar. let's price. pumza fihlani, bbc news, antalaha, madagascar. let's catch up with some of the rugby news. and at the world cup injapan, scotland have kept alive their hopes of qualification for the knockout stages. they beat samoa in a convincing win — as our sports correspondent katie gornall reports. it may be thousands of miles from home, but injapan, scotland's influence is strong. the two countries have a shared love of whiskey and here they've embraced a process that's all about patience. enjoy. but not everyone has the luxury of time. scotland's fans arrived in kobe showing plenty of spirit but knowing this could be where their journey effectively ends. a damaging defeat to ireland had put their world cup on the line afterjust one game and the heat was on.
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in sweltering conditions, scotland struggled to get a grip. commentator: that has to be the humid conditions. but after half an hour, they clicked. sean maitland seizing a gift from above to settle the nerves. commentator: first try for scotland in the world cup. scotland knew that keeping the dream alive would need tries and lots of them. greg laidlaw scored their second before stuart hogg launched his own assault on the scoreboard. now everything was going their way. beauty! 20 points up at the break, afterwards they moved further ahead but the job wasn't done yet as scotland chased a fourth try that would secure the bonus point they desperately needed. samoa strained every sinew to stop them. in the end, they could only do so illegally. that meant penalty try and with it a dramatic victory that revives scotland's fortunes. that was a tough challenge they had to rise up and face. knowing that if we underperformed tonight, we were out of the world cup. to see the effort and togetherness was excellent. a huge win for scotland under ferocious pressure. and with wins needed
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from their remaining games against russia and hosts japan, the odds are still stacked against them getting out of the group. but now, at least, they leave here with hope. katy gornall, bbc news, kobe. the turbine hall at the tate modern art gallery in london has been the temporary home to exhibits — large and small — since its opening in 2000. installations have ranged from a giant sun — to more than 100 million porcelain sunflower seeds. this week, it's the turn of american artist kara walker, known for her exploration of slavery and racism, through paper silhouettes and sculptures. our arts editor will gompertz went along to take a look. grand and glorious. outside buckingham palace is the victoria memorial, a famous london landmark which caught the eye of the american artist kara walker.
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inspiring this, her 13—metre—high fountain at tate modern. she is not celebrating a monarch‘s reign but questioning britain's imperial past. specifically, its involvement in the transatlantic slave trade. some parts of it are clearly very angry and quite upsetting, so there is a lynching tree, for example. and then it is peppered with humour. yeah, i think a lot of my work is peppered with humour. i think that one of the tricks, in a way, to talking about difficult subjects, particularly when we talk about slavery, when we talk about race, racism, and especially the sort of legacies of racisms that have stemmed forth from, you know, a 400—500 year history of slavery and conquest. and the sharks? sharks are inevitable. not in many fountains.
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usually dolphins in fountains. the sharks, in this case, the precedent for the sharks comes in the form of our historical references, there's a winslow homer reference here, the gulf stream which has a black man in a, perhaps, imperilled boat in a storm surrounded by sharks. ——for the sharks comes in the form of art historical we have seen over the last decade the rise of many african—american and black artists becoming very successful and many of them female. is the art world changing? the art world is definitely changing. with so many people making interesting work, and a lot of artists who have been working being rediscovered. so, i don't know if it's a trend. because there's not a lot of black people running institutions. no. it's actually a little bit shocking to look around and see one other black person in the room right now. diversity is not an issue with herfountain, which in
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a way, is more about unity, particularly the capacity of water to bring people together. will gompertz, bbc news. some more on the developments in the past half an hour because the government has apparently prepared the legal text of an updated potential brexit deal and is expected to make those plans public in the next few days. they are said to include the possibility of having some customs posts in zones around the border between northern ireland and the republic. let's talk to our europe editor katya adler in brussels. can we make any sense of this? we first have to take a step back and remind ourselves what boris johnson's aim has been in renegotiating the brexit deal. he said he wanted to be in the backstop. and what have we seen this evening? well, we know that he is under pressure because if he wants to get a new deal with the eu by the leaders' summit in mid—october the eu has said they need official
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government positions and an official government positions and an official government alternative to the backstop government alternative to the ba cksto p by government alternative to the backstop by this week. the league tonight is not yet an official position but a suggestion that has been made by the uk government, and it would see customs infrastructure on the island of ireland, not exactly on the island of ireland, not exa ctly o n on the island of ireland, not exactly on the border between northern ireland and the republic of ireland but setback may be five or ten miles. they would be checks on goods as well and gps tracking systems on traders as well. what the eu has said to date, you want to bin the backstop, boris johnson, eu has said to date, you want to bin the backstop, borisjohnson, that's fine as long as you can come up with an alternative that meets our main criteria. respecting the single market, number one, number two, safeguarding the northern ireland peace process. for the eu this means no customs infrastructure, not on the border, not near the border, it means no checks at all. i've spoken to the european commission tonight. the bbc has spoken to the irish government as well. their response is that this is not an official uk
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position yet and therefore they cannot officially comment on it. but we re cannot officially comment on it. but were these custom posts to become the official uk position it would be dismissed and rejected by the eu as insufficient. we will talk again tomorrow. thanks for the latest, in brussels, katya adler, our europe editor. that's it. hello and welcome to sportsday. i'm holly hamilton. coming up on tonight's programme: arsenal's wait for a league win at old trafford continues — but a draw makes it manchester united's worst start to a season in 30 years. dina asher—smith stays on course for herfirst gold medal in doha as she storms into the 200 metre semi final. and scotland get a much needed boost injapan as they ease to victory over samoa at the rugby world cup.
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hello and welcome to the programme. it was a wet and miserable night at old trafford for a clash that would once have been billed as one of the highlights of the premier league season. instead, manchester united and arsenal played out a 1—1 draw that was as grim at times as the weather. nick parrott was watching. there was a time when manchester united knew how to get things done. following the... manager ole gunnar solskjaer remains chipper, perhaps because old trafford is arsenal's burma ground. they have not won the
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league since solskjaer was


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