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tv   Newsday  BBC News  October 1, 2019 12:00am-12:31am BST

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welcome to newsday, i'm mariko oi in hong kong. the headlines: 70 years of the people's republic. china's anniversary celebrations are set to get underway with a military parade and a presidential speech. but in hong kong, the pro—democracy protests look set to continue. i'm kasia madera in london. also in the programme: donald trump's personal lawyer is ordered to handover documents on ukraine as the president calls for the democratic congressman leading the impeachment inquiry
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to be arrested for treason. so adam schiff made up a phony call, and he read it to congress and he read it to the people of the united states, and it is a disgrace. the british government says it has drawn up an updated brexit deal, and is getting ready to put it to the eu. good morning. it's midnight in london and 7:00am in singapore, and also 7:00am here in hong kong where more protests are expected; this time as a direct response to a date the rest of the country is celebrating. 1 october is the 70th anniversary of the founding of people's republic of china. the communist leadership has organised a lavish military parade in beijing, and are hoping the big day isn't overshadowed by demonstrations in the former british colony. rupert wingfield—hayes has more.
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on monday in beijing, the whole of china's communist party leadership turned out to remember the millions who died in the long struggle to establish what they call new china. this was the moment of victory —10ctober1949. "today, china has stood up," chairman mao declared. the country he took over had been ravaged by decades of conflict. when i first crossed over from hong kong into mainland china down there, 30 years ago, on the other side shenzhen was just a dusty little border town. now look at it — a gleaming city of 12 million people. china's transformation has been astonishing, and its people are rightly proud of that achievement. but outside the mainland, china's new wealth and power is causing deep unease, even fear, and nowhere more so than here in hong kong.
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forfour months now, the streets of hong have boiled with rage. the young protesters do not trust the communist party. they scoff at president xi's promised that he will maintain hong kong's autonomy for 50 years. david and his mother, anne, sit on opposite sides of this increasingly bitter divide. they always say that no changes in 50 years, until 2047. but we find that the days of 2047 have come now. they had 200 years to build a better usa, but china only got 70 years. if better china, therefore better hong kong. better china, better hong kong. david is among those now calling on the united states to impose sanctions on china. why are all the people supporting
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america in the trade war? because we want — china's communist party has falling power because of that. such talk makes hong kong's small band of super—patriots extremely angry. they say fear of china is a product of british brainwashing. translation: hong kong was ruled by britain for over 150 years. they did not teach us respect for our chinese roots, but encouraged us to have anti—china and anti—communist beliefs. on tuesday, china's most powerful leader since mao will review a military now second in strength only to the united states. it is a sight that will make many chinese hearts swell with pride. but its neighbours look on with growing concern at how china will use its new—found power. rupert wingfield—hayes, bbc news, in hong kong. and even though the police didn't
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give permission for the marchers to go ahead later today, we are expecting them to still take to the streets. we will be speaking to two of the protest organisers about their plans for the day, and also their plans for the day, and also the police accusation from yesterday's press conference that they are planning to kill police officers, that it is getting into the territory of terrorism, so we will get their response to that statement as well. but for now, back to you. we'll be back with mariko in hong kong a little later. now to another big story dominating the day's news: president trump's personal lawyer, rudy giuliani, has been ordered to hand over all documents relating to his work for mr trump in ukraine to three committees investigating the president. it is the latest move in the us presidential impeachment inquiry accusing mr trump of using his position to solicit interference from a foreign country in the next us election. mr trump has suggested that one of the senior democrats investigating could be arrested for treason.
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i made a call. the call was perfect. when the whistleblower reported it, he made it sound terrible. and then you had adam schiff, who even worse, made up my words, which i think is just horrible. i've never even seen like that. i asked our north america correspondent peter bowes first about mr trump's personal lawyer. yes, he has given several television interviews, especially this past weekend, and the committee chairman focused on what he said, that he has acknowledged that he went to ukraine, he has spoken to ukrainian officials, to try to get an investigation into joe biden, officials, to try to get an investigation intojoe biden, the former vice president and possible candidate for the democrats, opposite president trump, at the next presidential election. and he has indicated that he wasn't doing
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this alone, that there were others in the trump administration involved, and that he had text messages, documents, to prove this. so the committee chairman want that evidence. they want to see what has happened, and they have demanded, by sending him this subpoena, those text messages, e—mails, other documentation, dating back to .5 yea rs documentation, dating back to .5 years to early 2017, and they have given him until the middle of 0ctober given him until the middle of october to come up with those documents —— 2.5 years. october to come up with those documents -- 2.5 years. and a separate development that is just coming into us here, a report by the washington post regarding the us attorney general, william barr. talk us attorney general, william barr. talk us through what they are suggesting. well, they are suggesting that he has gone to foreign leaders to help— ask for help in getting to the bottom of the mueller investigation, at least what started the mueller
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investigation, into allegations of a connection between the trump campaign, collusion, and russia. and we have known for some time that there was an investigation into the origins of that investigation. so we are now hearing that the attorney general has gone to foreign officials, looking for assistance in that, and that in fact william barr asked the president to approach leaders overseas to ask for assistance in that enquiry. and we will monitor that for you. also making news today: uk media are reporting that british prime minister borisjohnson has prepared the legal text of an updated potential brexit deal and is expected to make those plans public in the next 2—3 days. they are said to include the possibility of having some customs posts in zones around the border between northern ireland and the republic. 0ur europe editor katya adler has more.
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the league tonight is not yet an official position, but a suggestion that has been made by the uk government, and it would see customs infrastructure on the island of ireland. so not exactly on the border between northern ireland and the republic of ireland, but setback may be five, maybe ten miles. they would be checks on goods as well, and there would be gps tracking systems on traders as well. now, what the eu has said to date is, you wa nt to what the eu has said to date is, you want to bin the backstop, boris johnson, that is fine as long as you can come up johnson, that is fine as long as you can come up with an alternative that meets our main criteria, respecting the single market, number one, number two, safeguarding the northern ireland peace process. for the eu, this means no customs infrastructure, not on the border, not near the border. it means no checks at all. we have spoken to the european commission tonight. the bbc has spoken to the irish government
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as well. their response is that this is not an official uk position yet, and therefore they can't officially comment on it. but, were these customs posts to become the official uk position, it would be dismissed and rejected by the eu as insufficient. we'rejoined by asa bennett, the brexit commissioning editor at the telegraph newpaper. this isn't the official uk proposal, but when it comes to the details, we are learning anything new? some of this is quite familiar. we are learning that what boris johnson wa nts to learning that what boris johnson wants to propose to eu leaders is something they don't like the sound of much, given that the island beauty minister has come out on twitter saying it is not a serious proposal, not something they can accept. and so actually the best thing to really look at here is, if you take a step back, and the timing right now is ahead of the big keynote, you know, rambunctious borisjohnson keynote, you know, rambunctious boris johnson election keynote, you know, rambunctious borisjohnson election speech on wednesday at the tory conference. so they will be deliberately geared to please brexiteers, showing that he
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is trying to put on the table the stuff they really want, like having more technology involved. yet at the same time, though, he is asking the eu to effectively create a lot more borders, let's have a border down the irish sea, on all sorts of regulation areas, industrial goods, food, things that you may remember during the theresa may area, the dup, democratic unionist party, didn't quite like. tory brexiteers didn't quite like. tory brexiteers didn't like it either, because it didn't like it either, because it did create friction in the united kingdom. and so this is the problem. you may well think something surely has to change after the tory conference, perhaps. we're going to see if there will be a deal later in the week, and even then, though, this may all be a distraction because of course there is legislation in parliament which means that if the prime minister cannot get a deal through parliament he has to delay the thing anyway. so this is him trying to show he is trying his best to try and get something better. he is trying his best, but he knows that this isn't going to pass through brussels, doesn't he? so is this just purely to appeal to the conservative conference? well, i imagine it as he is trying to show he is aiming for
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the most, to see what he can get. because obviously his view, everyone has to give a bit. even he is meant to be mr brexit, he is thrust in there to get this right, to sign a deal that can get through this parliament, so that way of the dup does then perhaps blur the lines, except just enough friction does then perhaps blur the lines, exceptjust enough friction in the united kingdom, at the same time the erg would have to accept it, because otherwise they will have to sit back and watch him forced to obey the law by delaying brexit. and of course, then the big problem is the eu, then. because the detail really is going to have to be rewritten, more nuanced,in going to have to be rewritten, more nuanced, in a way they will happily consider. it is asking them to strike down so much of what they have promised, and to create some politically contentious customs posts away from the border. and he is running out of time, let's not beat around the bush, because we're talking about one 0ctober now. by the 19th he needs something, and ideally a little bit before that, because the summit is on the 17th. absolutely, he needs to make sure
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the ear leaders have something they can seriously chew over. to put it one way, if you are hearing not much one way, if you are hearing not much on this channel it is good news for the brexit process because they have not got much to complain about. but if you are getting also delivered accounts, and that is because there isa accounts, and that is because there is a blame game of foot where they wa nt to is a blame game of foot where they want to point fingers at who has really dragged us down and tanked the negotiations. and the thing is, it is all going to be a battle that is decided on the westminster front of how does the government get around this so—called surrender act, that will force them to surrender to parliament and ask for a delay? they may have some legal hocus—pocus ready, or it is more that theyjust have to seem like they are fighting for all they can, fighting for the best deal, fighting with all the legal reasons they can get, even if the supreme court strikes them down within minutes. to then try and resist this, because then they can at least show to voters that boris johnson is the ultimate brexiteer, give him a mandate in the election that follows, so he can avenge
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brexiteers for the brexit they wa nted brexiteers for the brexit they wanted and look forward to. legal hocus—pocus, which reminds us that yes, the deadline is 310ctober, halloween. thank you very much. welcome back to hong kong, the scene of ongoing protests in the last few months as demands for autonomy and democratic freedoms continue. beijing is understandbly nervous about today's national day celebrations to mark 70 years of the people's republic of china. the communist party is particulary sensitive about potentially embarassing demonstrations in hong kong, so much so, it has beefed up security in the former british colony. here is the bbc‘s robin brant in beijing on what events we can expect today. well, beijing is waking up to a rather smoggy morning, but this day has been much prepared for. there will be a huge military parade in tiananmen square. that is about 1.5-2 tiananmen square. that is about 1.5—2 miles from where i am speaking to you. president xi jinping will kick that off around 10am local time with a speech, and about 90 minutes
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of this military parade. it will be the biggest china has ever put on, we are told. 15,000 military personnel, up to 600 bits of kit on display, and there will be equalise in particular on the prospect of anything new being put out there for the world to see from china's military. 160 or so aircraft, as well, flying overhead, all overseen by president xijinping. and in addition, china's most senior communist leaders will be there as well. though a day of huge pride for china as it marks its 70th birthday. 70 years, that is, since the communist party was victorious in 1949 and chairman mao tse tung founded the people's republic of china. but at the same time, this country is facing big challenges. of course, that trade war with the united states, no prospect of a solution there on the horizon. talks in the next few weeks, but a further escalation is due. we have an economy where growth continues to
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slow as well, because yesterday about the factory gates, that still contracting in terms of activity. and african swine flu, a big, big problem in terms of the pork industry in this country. china eats more pigs than the whole world put together, and that is something that for a year now has been ravaging millions of farms across the country, and yet still it is something that the authorities here are struggling to deal with. the authorities in china are nervous, that the big day will be overshadowed by the demonstrations here in hong kong, so we will be speaking to the organisers of the protest, but i wanted to show you the newspapers from hong kong, the south china morning post which is leading with the events in beijing, but check this out. the page advert that wraps the newspaper when you
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pick it up congratulating the 70th birthday of the people's republic of china. i will be back with more later. we will be back with mary, and china does not want to see any more protests, and we will have more from mariko in hong kong, we will get much more from the development there and also will be finding out what the authorities are hoping, they certainly do not want a repeat of those protests, like say. you are watching the news day from the bbc. in all russia's turmoil, it has never come to this. president yeltsin said the day would decide the nation's destiny. the nightmare that so many people had feared for so long is playing out its final act here. russians are killing russians
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in front of a grandstand audience. it was his humility which produced affection from catholics throughout the world. but his departure is a tragedy for the catholic church. this man, israel's right winger, ariel sharon, visited the religious compound and that started the trouble. he wants israel alone to have sovereignty over the holy sites, an idea that's unthinkable to palestinians. after 45 years of division, germany is one. in berlin, a million germans celebrate the rebirth of europe's biggest and richest nation. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm kasia madera in london, mariki 0i is in hong kong.0ur top stories. china is celebrating 70 years
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since the communist party came to power. donald trump has accused a democratic congressman of making up evidence given to the impeachment enquiry, and has suggested he be arrested for treason. welcome back to hong kong, the centre of global attention today as china celebrates 70 years since the people's republic was established. we are expecting more protests later today as china will be celebrating. with me here in hong kong are two protest organisers isaac cheng and bonnie leung. thank you so much forjoining us this morning. firstly, ifi thank you so much forjoining us this morning. firstly, if i could start off with you. police decided not to give permission for the marchers to go ahead today. what is your plan? this is already the third time of us not having a permit, and it is very clear when the safety
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valve is closed, people cannot legally and peacefully march on the streets, people will feel the need to escalate their actions and that is not good for hong kong, not good for protesters, and not good for hong kong police force so we are very disappointed about this decision. 0ur very disappointed about this decision. our plan is, really we have no plan because we want to create a safe zone for people to legally, peacefully march on the streets but that is now not possible because police now have excuses to crack people down, so to the responsible organiser, we have to cancel our march, but there are many plans ina cancel our march, but there are many plans in a civil society that people will still come out to the streets to do different things, to sing, to pray, et cetera, some people will still be on the streets, all we need to do is to urge the police force, do not use the illegality as the
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excuse to crack people down, to hurt people and arrest people. interesting, you talk about the police force, because yesterday the police force, because yesterday the police held a press conference saying it is going to get very dangerous in hong kong today, saying that some of the protesters are going to try and kill police officers, that it is entering the terrorist zone. what is your response to the statement from police? i think the police force i managed to spread the rumours of killing the police in order to let other protesters who want to go down peaceful protests, they will be afraid to. i don't think that telling the police will be happening because most of the people actually supporting the peaceful assembly, but hong kong government are banding every way of peaceful protest opportunities, they let the hong kong people have no choice but to use more violent ways to protest against the government, and so, you can see that in the protest, most of
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the violence comes from the police by another protesters, because the police using violence, then the protester will be reacting. we are expecting the train station is to be closed, and we have been seeing disruptions and some people in the public are starting to feel frustrated by this. what is your response? i am frustrated as well because hong kong people are not afraid of protest, we are not afraid of protesters, not the peaceful protesters, we a re of protesters, not the peaceful protesters, we are afraid of the police force, who ijust randomly using teargas and randomly abusing their power to arrest people, so we are afraid of the police are. it is totally unnecessary for them to close the translations, for the police force to use excessive force, so we believe that these organisations are being used as political tools of the hong kong government and the beijing
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government. what we need, what the hong kong people need, what is best for us is for the hong kong government and measuring government to really listen and accept at least to really listen and accept at least to negotiate about our demands, and then do not put the mtr or the police force being used as tools and put in between two accept all the risks... i am afraid we have run out of time, but thank you so much for joining us. mariko, thank you to you and your guests. a decision to partially uphold a complaint against bbc breakfast presenter naga munchetty has been reversed by the head of the bbc, after widespread appeals for the corpration to change its decision. the jouralsist had been found to have breached the bbc‘s guidelines over comments she made about a tweet from donald trump about four female politicians of colour. david sillito reports. breakfast news, and an unscripted exchange that made headline news. absolutely furious, and i can imagine that lots of people in this country will be feeling absolutely furious that a man in that position feels it's ok to skirt the lines
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with using language like that. the topic — donald trump telling politicians, all women of color, to go back to where they came from. and, as our guest was saying there, it's an absolutely — it feels like a thought—out strategy to strengthen his position. and it's not enough to do it just to get attention. this exchange provoked a complaint about the two presenters. the process ended with a decision that naga manchetty had strayed beyond the bbc‘s editorial guidelines. describing a remark as racist is not the issue at stake here. the issue at stake here is whether it was right to go on to ascribe motive, in this case to president trump. could have been to anybody else. the concern about that argument was how far was it actuallyjust accepting that racism was part of acceptable political debate. many within the bbc were said to be uneasy, uncomfortable. and in the wider world, well, today, more than 100 mps signed a letter expressing their concern. all of which led to the director general today reviewing
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and reversing that decision, saying... but this has also raised some wider issues. if the corporation wants to present itself as the premier cultural institution for the whole of our nation, in all of its diversity, with all its differences, it needs to work out how it deals with the diversity of its own staff. and, at the moment, it doesn't seem to know quite what it wants to do. there has been a clear statement — the bbc is not impartial on racism. but there are certainly other questions that have yet to be resolved. david sillito, bbc news. we have more on that on our website.
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as those pro—democracy protest looks set to continue in hong kong, in china we are looking at images of cities lit up, having a famous landmarks covered in lights. they are celebrating the seventh anniversary of the founding of the people's republic of china. —— 70th. the average height of the uk two story building is around seven metres high. imagine if you can wave is that are three times at hyde, 22 metres, that is the size of waves we are looking at generated by this hurricane, hurricane lorenzo, with its 105 mile our sustained winds. it is tracking in a north—easterly direction, and those 22 metre high waves a re direction, and those 22 metre high waves are what we could see battering the western is yours as we go through tuesday night, as the hurricane passes very close by —— azure. it turns into a normal low
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pressure zone, but nobody knows exactly where it will end up. our main focus is on the continuing flooding threat across england and wales after the recent heavy rain that we have seen, and the extra rain we have got that will fall to the rest of the day today. rain with us the rest of the day today. rain with us already for northern england and northern ireland, heavy showers packing in across wales and south—west england, something a bit drier in scotland but it is also a bit holder and a few showers around, they are just not as angry. heavy showers and thunderstorms across wales and south—west england that we will have to start off the day, they will have to start off the day, they will push eastland across the day, and the showers, bringing around 30-40 and the showers, bringing around 30—40 millimetres of rain in the space of a few hours, so given the ground is completely saturated, that rain could cause some localised surface water flooding problems and some quite nasty conditions out on the road to. apart from this heavy downpours, it is relatively mild in
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the south, but notice the green colours for northern england, ireland and scotland, as the air continues to get colder. there will be some sign in a few showers for northern scotland. 0vernight, the rain clears away from england and wales so it will become drier, showers were feeding across northern scotland, but for many of us it will be really quite a cold night, heading into the early part of wednesday morning, those temperatures will be dwelled down into single figures, and indeed in some places in the countryside, there will be a pockets of frost. heading into wednesday, northerly winds, pushing the cold air right way south towards the southern part of england and wales, but at least it will be a dry day, and that will allow those floodwaters to slowly add away. not entirely dry, showers for northern scotland and wanted to sticky down the eastern coast of england, and a coolerfeeling day, temperatures in london at around 40 degrees. ——14.
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you are watching bbc world news. our top story: china is celebrating the 70th anniversary of the communist party coming to power. celebrations for the people's republic are planned across china. officials in hong kong are bracing themselves for more pro—democracy protests to coincide with the anniversary. president trump's personal lawyer, rudy giuliani, has been ordered to hand over all documents relating to his work for mr trump in ukraine to the us presidential impeachment inquiry. mr trump is accused of using his position to solicit interference from a foreign country in the next us election. and the antarctic producing its biggest iceberg in more than half a century is getting a lot of attention on our website. the berg weighs around 315 billion tons, but researchers say it is a natural phenomenon, and not directly linked to climate change. that's all, stay with bbc world news.


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