tv Click BBC News November 2, 2019 1:30am-2:01am GMT
this is bbc news, the headlines: dangerous levels of air pollution in delhi have forced authorities to declare a public health emergency. schools have been shut until at least tuesday, construction halted, and face masks are being handed out. beto o'rourke has announced he's dropped out of the 2020 presidential race, saying his campaign doesn't have the recources to continue. the former texas congressman has been struggling with months of poor opinion polls and lackluster fundraising. essex police believe the thirty nine migrants found dead in a refrigerated lorry were most likely all vietnamese. meanwhile, in vietnam two people
have been arrested in connection with last weeks deaths. excitement is building ahead of the rugby world cup final between england and south africa in japan on saturday, as new zealand beat wales for third place. now on bbc news, it's time for a special edition of click. taiwan. an island shaped like a leaf but the meeting point of four seas. many around the world came to know it from the words made in taiwan and stamped on electronics, toys and bikes. it became a brand people recognised. but the world has changed again. hardware is out,
softwa re changed again. hardware is out, software is in. al is the future, handsets of the past. stephen and i have been on to find out what made in taiwan means in the 21st century. welcome to taiwan. 500 years back, taiwan was known as a pirate kingdom, a base for chinese and japanese entrepreneurs who traded in the south china sea. but more recently, it's chased legitimate business but still, with an entrepreneurial zeal, leading the
world of technology manufacturing since the 1960s. over 30 years, taiwan underwent massive industrialisation in what has become known as the taiwan miracle. huge tech firms grew, becoming household names. asus, htc, acer. at the centre of this was the semiconductor industry, led by a company you have probably never heard of. tsmc. it is the one of the largest semiconductor manufacturers in the world, producing chips in some of the best bones, including the iphone 11. producing chips in some of the best bones, including the iphone 11m is most likely if you have a smartphone, you have something made by tsmc. and these chips were only made possible thanks to the discovery of semiconductors. why semiconductors are important or interesting? because it changes your
life. with factories, orfabs interesting? because it changes your life. with factories, or fabs as they are known across the globe, the largest is here in taiwan. and we have been granted exclusive access to see just how those chips form the heart of our electronic devices are created. but before we can go into the fab, there was quite a process to undergo. i have to take my shoes off on the carpet. then put them in a locker, it seems. and that was just the start. i had to put on a hairnet, wash my hands and wear this to keep the dust out. cute, but it is time foran to keep the dust out. cute, but it is time for an hour shower. the manufacture of wafers has to be extremely precise. they cannot tolerate any particles because they fall onto the wafer then damage the
chips. so finally, we were allowed in the factory and it was a good reason for that. the speed of these chips relies on how many transistors crammed into a tiny space. chips relies on how many transistors crammed into a tiny spacelj chips relies on how many transistors crammed into a tiny space. i don't really know how to describe how fine that 5- really know how to describe how fine that 5— nanometre or 7— nanometre is but people often see if you look at 28 nanometres, it was like 1000 of the diameter of a human hair. in this fully automated battery, the lights are kept yellow to protect the product and the machinery is moving all around but there are quite a few things in here we are not allowed to film because it is a serious cutting—edge technology and it needs to remain pretty secret. we
have to protect our customers information. so basically, we do not allow cameras to freely roam inside oui’ allow cameras to freely roam inside ourfab allow cameras to freely roam inside our fab speakers. inevitably, allow cameras to freely roam inside ourfab speakers. inevitably, they may pick up customer information. between all the automated devices in this facility, they travel 400,000 kilometres a day. to put that into context, that is ten times around her stop all of this is about the concept of keeping up with moore's law, as predicted by intel engineer gordon moore in the 60s. law, as predicted by intel engineer gordon moore in the 60sm law, as predicted by intel engineer gordon moore in the 60s. it refers to the doubling of transistors on a chip every two years while the cost is halved. a concept increasingly ha rd to is halved. a concept increasingly hard to keep up with, despite us expecting a lot more from our ever connected lives. the next driver is
what we call ubiquitous computing. it is computation everywhere at any time. all the devices are connected. billions and billions of etched devices that are smart, that can compute at any time and communicate and link and that will be the future enabled by semiconductors. it's a future that's not to far away for taiwan. ai is making substantial progress here, especially in healthcare. i progress here, especially in healthca re. i am progress here, especially in healthcare. iam here progress here, especially in healthcare. i am here at taipei vetera ns healthcare. i am here at taipei veterans general hospital where they are already experienced them and effo rts are already experienced them and efforts of ai. while many ai systems are hidden behind closed door, in this hospital, we were given behind—the—scenes access.
this hospital, we were given behind-the-scenes access. we had a patient inside the tunnel and he is scanned for his sprain —— his brain to see any metastasised nations from the lung cancer. we can notice patients who come here with anxiety so patients who come here with anxiety so our patients who come here with anxiety so our purpose is to administer and guide —— anxiety, to treat anxiety and shorten the process. in the real world, i have to read the images one by one. it's pretty heavy cool —— heavy physical loading work but with ai systems, can a —— asked ai heavy physical loading work but with ai systems, can a —— asked al to help the images. —— i can ask ai ai systems, can a —— asked al to help the images. —— i can ask al to help the images. —— i can ask al to help me read the images. but what can takea help me read the images. but what can take a doctor weeks can take the ai seconds. you can see i'll cook the images are uploaded the system.
—— you can the images are uploaded the system. —— you can see the images are uploaded the system. —— you can see how quickly. and from the ai, you can see its there. and another one here. that time can make all the difference. beyond diagnosis, the ai is assisting the surgeons with surgery decisions. already the patients, has been stage four lung cancer. he should be operated. why, though, has taiwan and this hospital managed to lead the world in al? people in taiwan are proud of two things. one is computer science. the other one is medicine. all of our medical affairs was compute devised for more than 20 yea rs. was compute devised for more than 20 years. is the fact that you've been collecting data over a number of yea rs, collecting data over a number of years, what puts you in a really good position to be able to put into practice a lot of this ai? yes,
because we can change the machine. to make the diagnosis. so imaging the same you would have used before but it's at the point of diagnosis and the computer can now diagnose that. it's kind of a deep learning. everyone in taiwan has a healthcare ca rd everyone in taiwan has a healthcare card which is used to access medical records. basically, once you have a card, you can use it everywhere because 95% of people use our healthcare insurance system as a means to see doctors so that makes all the data central in one place andi all the data central in one place and i can imagine that if there is a database that has all the medical records, that is the first step of ai. but the data can only be read if it also in search of our card into this device. but this is also like a
key. 0therwise this device. but this is also like a key. otherwise i cannot access your information. you can see this information. you can see this information. that's very convenient. if you visit the other hospitals or primary care, the doctors can access the same information like me. but it's not just big the same information like me. but it's notjust big hospitals using ai and healthcare. it's notjust big hospitals using ai and healthca re. i it's notjust big hospitals using ai and healthcare. i travelled across town to a small start—up. this brain tracking system is used to assess stress in the rain. and the likelihood of someone being subsists able to depression. over the last decade, many neuroimaging studies have proved that the brain activity
have proved that the brain activity have no more condition. but this evidence is found by mri. not eeg, for mild depression. but we can find mild depression from the eeg signal. itaims to mild depression from the eeg signal. it aims to allow doctors to diagnose depression in a more scientific way. and we use the ai analysis method to analyse the data from the patients with depression and finally, we found some biomarkers and we can detect whether the person is depression or not with about 80% accuracy. the company hopes to launch the product next year and also also looking at how it might be used to identify alzheimer's,
attention deficit disorder and susceptibility to insomnia. welcome to the week intact. it was the week that a device dispatched by samsung to send selfies to space came back to earth with a thud. crash landing in a back garden in michigan, usa. thankfully nobody was injured. 0na michigan, usa. thankfully nobody was injured. on a slightly safer note, the korean tech giant has teased a blip phone. 0ur the korean tech giant has teased a blip phone. our very early noughties of them, with a foldable screen. let's hope it's more successful than the last attempt. twitter has banned all political advertising worldwide on its platform, saying the reach of such messages should be earned, not water. the move puts pressure on facebook which recently ruled out banning political ads. in other facebook news, the social network has agreed to pay a £500,000 fine
issued by the uk data protection watchdog over the cambridge analytical scandal, ending a years worth of legal wrangling over the issue. as part of the agreement, facebook has made no admission of liability. facebook subsidiary whatsapp is suing the nso group and its surveillance company, alleging created various whatsapp allowing malicious code to be sent to over 1400 mobile devices with the purpose of spying. the nso group said it disputed the allegations and would vigorously fight them. and finally, an american company has developed a pairof smart an american company has developed a pair of smart glasses designed to improve concentration and prevent destruction. sensors in the smart specs measure the wearer ‘s brain activity. if they decide the wearer is not playing attention, it's darkened, preventing them from seeing the destruction. the glasses will cost $690.
backin back in taiwan, one of the biggest causes of healthcare problems is pollution. and there's a lot of it. as stephen can smell and see. this is taipei's famous or perhaps infamous scooter waterfall. as one of the main roads into central taipei for thousands of commuters every day. it is mind—boggling how many mopeds there are here. thousands of them, theyjust keep coming. and, you know what, you just get a sense ofjust how much these solutions are probably causing, because it stinks, it's horrible, and, think when you are walking around the city you don't notice, but here you really get a sense of it. it's really quite disgusting. it's not often that you can see, smell, and even here the pollution ina smell, and even here the pollution in a place. this is an extreme example of a problem that is a growing issue not only in taiwan, but around the world. imagine sitting at a stoplight behind a gas
scooter that puffing, you know, puffing just toxic gas into your face just everyday. this puffing just toxic gas into your facejust everyday. this is puffing just toxic gas into your face just everyday. this is what people have to go through every day because they didn't have any other option. it will affect your health, especially for the respiratory system. pollution and congestion is becoming a very big problem for us as everybody is moving into cities and living on top of each other. so i've come to taipei's institute of information science to find out how their tackling air pollution here in taiwan. doctor chen is one of the founding researchers behind airbox. the idea is pretty simple, help people better understand and tackle the pollution around them by teaching them to make their own diy, low—cost teaching them to make their own diy, low— cost esse nces . teaching them to make their own diy, low—cost essences. since launching in 2015 they have built a network of thousands of community run air—quality centres across the island. initially when people
started to use the local sensors to sense their environment, they found a lot of interesting findings, which are never reported by the governments. so, initially, the governments. so, initially, the government doesn't like the results. but, finally, they just government doesn't like the results. but, finally, theyjust realised, well, the real environment people are leaving. today there are over 4000 of their pollution centres around taiwan, including one in every primary and secondary school. some schools may change the schedule, so if the air pollution is more severe then they will cancel the outdoor activities. research like this has revealed that there area like this has revealed that there are a few major sources of pollution in taiwan. the usual suspects like industry, power generation, and transport, but also a few surprises, things like pollution blown across from mainland china and some sources you might not expect at all. also in central taiwan, there are some
devices that always show you a purple colour stop that is very bad. and the reason, someone reported the reason was. . . and the reason, someone reported the reason was... they went out to investigate. so what was going on in the temples? well, by going out and taking a look they discover the culprit, traditional incense burning. you know, in taipei, the two major temples, there is no incense burning anymore. ok. because they also install airbox. and in terms of observation they decided to cancel. so it makes a real difference knowing about the impact. yes, right. solving a problem like pollution includes almost certainly changing the way we do things as humans. remember this place? this is the same spot a few weeks later. believe it or not, a big chunk of those bikes are producing any pollution at all. this is a publicity stunt freight 0wen is a
start—up that is pioneering they —— u pta ke of lector scooters start—up that is pioneering they —— uptake of lector scooters in taiwan. taiwan has the highest city of scooter per capita anywhere in the world. as people are living on top of each other and the need for electric transportation is cleaner transportation, but here comes the problem. chicken and egg. now the proper infrastructure nobody would ever adopt a mobility solution that is electric because charging in these big cities is next to impossible. and this is the solution to this problem. ryder‘s own special electric bikes, but not the batteries inside them, instead when they are running low on power they visit a station like us to swap out the flat battery and pick up a fully charged one. a subscription of around $10— $30 per month gives you access to any of the 1400 substations around taiwan. the more you pay, the further you can go. so
eric has kindly agreed to give me a ride around the block on one of their scooters. it does feel different. the sound is slightly different, a high—pitched whine, rather than the child of a motor. 0therwise rather than the child of a motor. otherwise it feels like a normal mopeds. i've visited gogoro's head office just as they were getting ready to launch their latest top—secret scooter. ready to launch their latest top-secret scooter. this is our new baby. right. with a lightweight, colourful desires, and a grab band of accessories, gogoro is trying to expand the reach of scooters non—traditional writers. but with a pricetag of around $2000 injust one battery instead of two, it may not be for everyone. the fact that the range of smaller, to think it matters? we see people writing about 15-20 matters? we see people writing about 15—20 kilometres per day on average in taiwan stop this can provide about 70—80 kilometres. you are
talking about three or four days between swaps. we think that is plenty. gogoro estimate that their customers have saved 80,000 tons of c02 between them, that is roughly 25,000 across the world. there is no—one magic solution to society what problems like pollution, but it is encouraging to see how taiwan is leading the way and finding some new ideas. taiwan doesn't look like a place with a population crisis stop but for many too much hard slog has meant too little time for family. some hope for a traditional solution. in taiwan, the children are getting less and less, so we are already about less. so if we want to bea already about less. so if we want to be a family, you want to find a boyfriend or a girlfriend and get married. laughter.
this is where we have got a famous quy: this is where we have got a famous guy, a matchmaking guy for love. that's why so many young people come here and pray for a good marriage, happiness. every year we got 6000 couples. others have turned to check. the hugely successful singaporean dating app has been going strong here. in taiwan people have no time for their personal life, especially in the tech company. they are not even to bring their phone and their company either. it is really hard for them to have a normal social life. as they met some of those leading the way in taiwan's start—up scene, it became apparent that, especially in the hardware business, historically expectations on staff have been high. any call you receive you
probably need to answer the call and go back. most of the time you are working six days or six and the half day you still need to be on call. it is more like 24 hours. but times are changing. the work-life balance is very, very important for this young generation. and international influence is often at loggerheads with maintaining taiwanese tradition. taiwanese people are humble at heart. it's built into our confucius belief system. when you manager us engineering team, what happens is usually yourjob as is to try to get everyone to argue and agree on something. in taiwan, the issueis agree on something. in taiwan, the issue is trying to get people to argue in the first place, because they don't want to offend people. they think that their boss should be smarter, more intelligent than they are. but that's just not the case. there have been many positive steps forward , there have been many positive steps
forward, though. the education rate is raising, especially forfemales. so females are getting to theirjob, rather than family. we are starting to see this very interesting cultural shift where entrepreneurship, starting your own business, is a viable pathway to sustain a family here. but even for those who have made it, innovation still comes with its challenges. the shared economy, when it first evolved in the bay area, with airbnb and other types of businesses, it was more of a disruption statement, you disrupt the kind of existing economy or existing infrastructure. it's much more difficult to do that in taiwan, because it is very frowned upon. because there's not a law for it. don't try to disrupt the industry first.
—— you don't try. that's it from click in taiwan. it seems that exciting times could lie ahead, plus hopefully a solution to this pollution problem. throughout the week you can keep up with the whole of the click team, wherever they are only welcome on instagram, facebook, twitter, on bbc click. thanks for watching. hello there. winds have already been picking up across parts of the uk. there is some stormy weather to take us through saturday. gales and also heavy rain,
which for some of us will cause some disruption to travel and potentially some damage as well. your bbc local radio station will keep you up to date. you can see the swelling area of cloud on our earlier satellite picture. this is an area of low pressure which has been deepening as it has been approaching the british isles. 0n the southern flank, you can see these isobars washing together. that shows a swathe of strong winds continuing to develop right now across parts of wales and the south—west of england. some very heavy rain to be had here as well. but there are met office yellow warnings in force for the strength of the winds. the strongest winds through the first part of the morning across the south—west of england and south wales, gusts of 60, 70, maybe 80 miles an hour on exposed coasts. as the day wears on those strong winds will transfer further east across southern england, the south midlands and up into east anglia. 50, 60, maybe 65mph gusts.
those winds could be quite damaging. there will also be some heavy and persistent rain slowly pushing east and north. but at the same time there will be parts of northern england, southern scotland and northern ireland that see precious little rain. sunny spells, the winds here will be lighter. not a bad day. further north in scotland, they will be happy and persistent rain which could cause flooding and easterly winds gusting to 50 or 60 miles an hour. there is lots going on across the uk through the day ahead. top temperatures of 10—13. if you are planning to head out and about during the evening, those winds will only slowly ease. it will certainly stay blustery for a while. into the first part of sunday it should be a little, out there. some rain at times and lows of 7—9 degrees. sunday, low pressure still very much in charge. notice, not as many white lines. not as many isobars on the chart. winds will be considerably lighter. around the centre of that area of low pressure we will see showers or longer spells of rain spiralling
around across the uk. it isn't all doom and gloom if you are heading out and about because you can see some breaks in the cloud as well. there will be some spells of sunshine, and those top temperatures, 10 degrees in aberdeen, 14 in cardiff. staying unsettled with further heavy downpours into the start of the new working week and then for the middle of the week, it will pick up a northerly wind that is going to feel rather chilly.
welcome to bbc news — i'm james reynolds. our top stories: schools closed, construction grinds to a halt — india declares a public health emergency in delhi — with air pollution at dangerous levels. beto 0'rourke out of the race — the texan democrat hopeful announces he's giving up on his american presidential dream. pressure on chilean president pinera as protests against his governments austerity policies and economic inequality continue. the countdown is on for the rugby world cup — england take on south africa — we've got the latest from japan.
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