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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 2, 2019 4:00am-4:31am GMT

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bbc click, as usual. thank you for watching. welcome to bbc news. i'm james reynolds. our top stories: the countdown is on for the rugby world cup — england take on south africa for the final. we've got the latest from japan. lam i am live at england's central hotel in tokyo where they will be leaving injusta in tokyo where they will be leaving injust a few in tokyo where they will be leaving in just a few hours for the event, perhaps a second world cup victory? schools closed, construction grinds to a halt. india declares a public health emergency in delhi with air pollution at dangerous levels. britain bans fracking to extract shale gas because of concerns about the link between drilling and earthquakes. the red bush herbal tea that's become a money—spinner for local indigenous people in south africa.
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the rugby world cup final is less than five hours away and the excitement is building. england will take on south africa in the japanese city of yokohama. the stakes are high for both sides: england are attempting to land their second world cup and avenge the springboks‘ victory in the 2007 final. this year's tournament is the first ever held in asia, as our sports editor dan roan reports. another tactical masterclass by eddiejones. it may be the eve of the world cup final, but england's head coach still found time to put some local schoolkids through their paces today. earlier, it was his captain taking instructions, this the squad's final training session before the biggest game of their lives. it's a good session, boys, it's good work. puts us in good stead
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for saturday, that. owen farrell's leadership has been crucial to his team's journey in japan. they've had much to celebrate during this campaign, but he told me the job is not yet complete. we know that we can'tjust expect to do the same as last week and the same to happen. we've got to figure out ways to put ourselves in the best place possible to perform. it is 16 years since one of the most cherished moments in english sporting history — jonny wilkinson's extra—time drop—goal sealing victory over an australia side coached byjones, to win the world cup for the first and only time. today, the hero of that triumph was helping england's kickers as they try to emulate the team of 2003, but he told me this current squad can handle the pressure. i see a difference in this team, to a degree, because — or certainly from some of the players, because i don't think they're like the way i was. i think they're not reclusive, or very introverted in that respect. i think they're going to deal with it in their own way. but england's opponents,
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south africa, also have great pedigree in this tournament, their iconic 1995 triumph on home soil uniting a nation. 2a years on, siya kolisi is the team's first black captain, a powerful symbol of a more representative team. i haven't seen support like this for our team in a very long time, you know, since 2007. and it's really special, and i don't think anyone outside south africa understands what this means to us. and i've seen it, i've seen bits of it. you know, i haven't seen all of it yet, and i know tomorrow's going to be more, more, more special for the country. 0rganisers have hailed asia's first world cup a towering success, but for the thousands of england fans descending on japan, there is only one place to be tomorrow. we'd love to get tickets. we're going to try when we go to tokyo. we've got time, we arrive early in the morning. kick—off‘s around 6:00pm, i think, local time, so hopefully we can get tickets. we've had requests to find tickets, but they're like gold dust. you wouldn't sell your
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tickets you've got? no way. how much do you need, how much do you want? go on. not a chance. if england do return home victorious, these are the kind of scenes that will greet them after a win that could change the players‘ lives and reinvigorate the sport. 0ur correspondent wyre davies is in tokyo. i know you are outside the hotel in which the england team are staying, but have you spotted them yet? one of the players is downstairs having to feed his young baby. the families have been here for the last couple of days and there is a very relaxed atmosphere. the team is very approachable inside the hotel and there are a lot of fans staying as well. this is the biggest game of their lives, a chance to emulate that great england side of 2003. i think this team is as good as that's him, and england have been the outstanding side of the tournament so outstanding side of the tournament so farand outstanding side of the tournament so far and they are firm favourites to win against south africa. there
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of course lies the problem everyone is expecting england to win and it is expecting england to win and it is going to very difficult. some very open rugby, the japanese themselves have said the tournament alight, they reached the quarterfinals. a few hiccups along the way with the typhoon which wiped out a day's rugby and sadly led to the deaths of several people. however, today the weather is glorious in tokyo. it will go down in yokohama in a few hours' time. these two great teams, but england is the firm favourites. what is the atmosphere in tokyo, the game is in yokohama? we are expecting some japanese fans who have been behind the teams the whole time, but they won't leave for another hour yet. it has been a very, very successful world cup, more than 500,000
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visitors have visited japan for the rugby world cup, notjust tokyo, but yokohama and 0ita. i think part of the success of the team itself, the japanese team has done so well. what they do now with rugby in asia is a big question. it's a big sport in singapore, and hong kong. rugby seven will be here at the olympic games, it isn't just seven will be here at the olympic games, it isn'tjust a man's sport, women's rugby is going as well. hopefully this will help kickstart what is a sport which is still dominated by four orfive what is a sport which is still dominated by four or five teams in europe and four teams from the southern hemisphere. europe and four teams from the southern hemispherelj europe and four teams from the southern hemisphere. i know the england team are out for a bit, but it looks like there are a lot of south african fans coming out, is that right? that's right. the springboks are quietly confident. we had the story of the inspirational captain, the first—ever black man to captain, the first—ever black man to captain south africa. these guys are quite confident. they lost their
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first group game, they lost their first group game, they lost their first group game, they lost their first group came to new zealand, and they have been under the radar since then. but they beat wales in the semifinal and i think they are quietly confident they have a strong chance, a very strong defence, and i haven't met many despondent springboks. i wish i could get you a ticket, wyre. i'm working on it. a public health emergency has been declared in delhi due to soaring levels of air pollution. officials are blaming farmers in neighbouring states who are using fires to clear land. they say the thick fog has turned the city into a gas chamber. from delhi, pratiksha ghildial reports. it is like a scene from a dystopian science—fiction movie. for a third day in a row now, residents of delhi are inhaling the season's worst toxic air. in some parts of the city, the levels of pm 2.5, the tiny particles that can penetrate deep into our lungs, are peaking at more than 500 mcg per cubic metre.
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the world health organization recommends a maximum level of 25. i'm in central delhi, just near the main business district, and with the iconic india gate behind me. but as you can see, it is barely visible, with a thick blanket of smog around it. it is daytime, but hardly any sunlight is able to percolate the thick layer of smog that shrouds the city. the government says it is doing what it can. it has banned construction activities and plans to limit the number of vehicles on delhi's roads. but the main reason for the toxic air here is the burning of crop stubble by farmers in neighbouring states of haryana and punjab, and there seems to be no respite from that. in november last year, i was really ill. i wasn't wearing a mask and it was so polluted last year also, and i got really, really bad lungs. my doctor suggested me to wear a mask every day. translation: i didn't realise how bad it will get.
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do we really want our kids to grow in such an environment? no—one really cares. no—one wants to improve the situation. several studies say that the pollution in delhi is damaging people's health at an alarming rate and causing premature deaths. it really is a public health emergency. let's get some of the day's other news: the army in mali says 53 soldiers have been killed in what it's called a terrorist attack on a military post in the north. a month ago, a0 soldiers were killed near the border with burkina faso in what was one of the deadliest assaults of its kind. the streets of algiers have been packed with tens of thousands of anti—government protesters, celebrating the anniversary of the country's war for independence. many protesters called for a new revolution and expressed their opposition to plans to hold presidential elections next month.
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the us has launched a national security review of the chinese video—sharing service tiktok. the review will look tik tok‘s purchase of another social media app two years ago. tiktok is owned by beijing byte dance. last week us senators expressed concerns about the way tik tok gathers users' data. the former texas congressman beto 0'rourke has dropped out of the us presidential race. 0n social media, he said his campaign for the democratic party nomination didn't have the means to go forward — but that he'd work to ensure donald trump was defeated. this is a campaign that has prided itself on seeing things clearly and on speaking honestly and on acting decisively. we have to clearly see, at this point, that we do not have the means to pursue this campaign successfully.
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britain has become the latest european country to halt fracking for oil and gas because of safety concerns. the government withdrew its support after a report by its oil and gas authority warned that it wasn't possible to predict the size or timing of any earthquakes that the process might trigger. france and germany, have already banned onshore fracking and it has been controversial in the uk for some time. here's our reporter charlotte gallagher with more on why fracking is so controversial. it's a process to extract oil or gas from deep within the earth. how it works as you drill a well, and then this narrow well, you pump down sand, water and chemicals. and those three things mixed together, essentially, the gas or the oil floats to the surface. simply, that's how it works. simply, what has the british government now done? they've suspended it immediately.
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this is after a new report from a government agency that said it was impossible to predict the size or probability of earth tremors caused by fracking. and the government have said at this stage it just isn't safe enough to proceed. now there was actually only one active fracking site in the whole of uk, in lancashire, in north—west england. and activity there was suspended in august when there was an earthquake. and now it looks like all future projects are being put on hold. do you know what a public opinion was like in that one area? in that particular area, public opinion was very strong against fracking. there was lots of protests at the site. 0bviously some people in the area did want it because it was going to bring jobs and money to the area, others were very, very unhappy. lots of people were arrested, actually, they went to the site to protest. and in fact, it cost the local lancashire police about £11 million to police this actually very small site in lancashire. very controversial.
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and in fact, opposition to fracking here in the uk has doubled in recent years. it isn't something that is particularly popular. we talked about the uk there but also mentioned in the introduction france and germany. is it possible to think maybe this is it for the future of fracking in major parts of western europe? france and germany have banned it for good. the netherlands have suspended it. the republic of ireland has suspended it as well. the uk government at the moment is saying no, this isn't the end of fracking, this is being suspended for the time being. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: 50 years and counting, we'll tell you about the russian postwoman who just keeps going and going. the israeli prime minister, yitzhak rabin, the architect of the middle east peace process, has been assassinated. a 27—year—old jewish man has been arrested, and an extremistjewish organisation has claimed responsibility
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for the killing. at polling booths throughout the country, they voted on a historic day for australia. as the results came in, it was clear. the monarchy would survive. of the american hostages, there was no sign. they are being held somewhere inside the compound, and student leaders have threatened that should the americans attempt rescue, they will all die. this mission has surpassed all expectations. voyageri is now the most distant man—made object anywhere in the universe, and itjust seems to keep on going. tonight, we proved once more that the true strength of our nation comes not from the might of our arms, or the scale of our wealth, but from the enduring power of our ideals. this is bbc world news. the latest headlines: england and south africa rugby
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players are making final preparations for the world cup final injapan with the kick—offjust a few hours away. a public health emergency has been declared in the indian capital delhi, with all schools closed for four days because of dangerous air pollution. more on that story now. daniel cusworth is a nasa scientist who's done extensive research into identifying the sources of the delhi's pollution. he told me where it's coming from. so this time of year, the post—monsoon is when farmers harvest the rice crop and in the combine harvesting, rice residue is left on the fields and in order to ready the crops for the next planting cycle, they burn the crops, and these burnings are detectable from space, you can hotspots from space, you can see from satellite imagery, you can see the smoke emanating throughout the plain which includes
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new delhi, and if you look at the service monitors, if you look at air pollution monitors, you can see very much a spike in air pollution corresponding to when these fires are being set. how bad is this in comparison to other earlier episodes of pollution that delhi must have suffered? delhi is an urban area and has many sources of air pollution but during this time of year, it is not uncommon for the air quality, particularly the particulate matter, to be around 400 or 500 micrograms per cubic which is about ten or 20 times above what the world health 0rganization recommendation is, so it is very high and it is very polluted. the indian government is clearly taking some measures to protect its population — closing schools and so on — but what kind of measures can the state take to stop the pollution, to make it go away? that is certainly best addressed by the farmers and by the policymakers
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but certainly, there are regulations that can be pursued in addition to agricultural enhancements in terms of mechanised harvesting and other types of combine harvesters which allow for subsequent planting of crops that doesn't require that type of burning but it is something that needs to be engaged with the local and state forces. and when you look at the photos and when you study farming activity near delhi, are you able to work out exactly when the pollution might clear? certainly. so if you — we have a long record of satellite imagery that has been tracking the smoke coming from these fires and this goes back 10—15 years and what we have seen is in about a two week period or up to one month period in late 0ctober early november, when you see the burning taking place and subsequent pollution enhancements to the city,
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so as long as the burning is happening up wind in the regions of punjab, we should expect there to be enhanced pollution downwind and in new delhi and also through the plain. daniel, thank you very much forjoining us. the indigenous khoisan people of south africa have secured a deal to be paid a regular income from the sale of a herbal tea which they used for centuries, before it became a commercial product. future sales of rooibos tea, or what's sometimes called red bush, will generate thousands of dollars a year for the people. rich preston has this report. south africa's cederberg wilderness. home to this little red plant. a red plant which rakes in around $60 million a year and accounts for about 10% of the global herbal tea market. now, some of that money will go to the people who discovered it. this area, around three hours north of cape town, is the only area where rooibos is grown.
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the khoisan people were using it for centuries before it was commercialised under colonial rule. an agreement between the khoisan people and the south african rooibos council means they'll now get 1.5% of farm gate prices. this has huge ramifications for the indigenous world and also for other industries were many, many people can be brought under one agreement. so it is a world first. and i think it's really important for that reason. the deal should bring the khoisan around $650,000 a year, but they say it's not just about the money. while there are monetary benefits attached, this was very much a dignity issue and the recognition by the industry, you know, that the khoisan are the knowledge holders to the uses of rooibos. its first knowledge was very, very important. and that was really what their struggle was about. the income will help new generations of the indigenous people,
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who still live in the rural areas where their ancestors first discovered the sweet taste of this little red bush. rich preston, bbc news. let's head to russia now for a story of true commitment and dedication. it's the tale of a postwoman, but not any postwoman. this particular postie has been delivering mail for more than 50 years, and she's even become something of a local celebrity, as the bbc‘s tim allman explains. ekaterina dzalaeva has been doing this for a long, long time. 83 years old, trudging up and down the mountainous roads of north 0ssetia. a round trip of roughly a0 kilometres, which she used to do six days a week. it's a career choice that stretches all the way back to world war ii. translation: my brother was sent to the front and all the children rushed to getjobs
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at the post office. i told myself that when i grow up i'll definitely become a postwoman. ekaterina is a well—known figure round these parts. people stop to give her a hug or even take a photo. translation: we respect her age very much, especially considering it's a mountainous area. i don't think it's easy even for young people to walk along these roads. in such a remote area, her work can be vital. but she believes it can also be therapeutic. translation: my salary isn't that big, but it helps me. ifind it easier when i'm walking. ifind it easier when i chat to people. i've experienced a lot of sorrow, and when i'm doing nothing, it's difficult for me, but when i leave home it's easier. ekaterina says people wait for her to bring the post and they love her when she does. day after day, the deliveries never stop. tim allman, bbc news.
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good for her! let's go back to our top story this hour — the rugby world cup final. a short time ago, i spoke to one very excited fan in central tokyo, where those not able to get into the ground can soak up the atmosphere in a fan zone, on the big screen. let's speak to erina inui barker, who's working in the fan zone in tokyo, where those not able to get into the ground can soak up the atmosphere on the big screen. hello, we are waving at you. i feel we should just wave for three or four minutes. i should probably throw you a question. are you in a tent? yes, i am at the tent, getting ready for the fans now. where are the fans? i know it's seven hours away, are they outside the tent? they are lining up right now. the fan zone is going to open
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in about two hours but there are heaps of people already trying to get in. when you step out of the tent and look at the fans — are they — oh! are you going to do that? right. are they south african, english, japanese? they are mainlyjapanese, i guess. and this tournament, just tell us how exciting has it been forjapan to host this tournament? to be honest, at the beginning, it was pretty quiet. but since japan kept winning and winning and winning, till they got beaten by south africa, the fans started to increase and increase. we just got super excited to watch the end. and that excitement is still continuing. i am keeping a really close eye behind you. it looks really quiet at the moment. i know there are seven hours to go. i'm sorry japan didn't make it to the final. that would have been a surprise. but when japanese fans come to your fan zone today,
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which side will they be cheering for? england or south africa ? i guess england. because the head coach eddiejones used to coach japan, for the last world cup. is there any chance of eddiejones staying injapan to work with japanese teams? we hope so! we hoped so four years ago. but we have a good head coach at the moment. so we still don't know what is going to go on. do you think that this tournament will leave a lasting permanent legacy injapan, that rugby will increase as a sport? definitely. i can feel the history of rugby is changing right now. and where does it rank in the national sports injapan? i will say baseball is the biggest sport. that's the thing. soccer has caught up with it. and i think more than half
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of the children involved in sports play soccer at the moment. and i think tennis... what else? swimming is pretty popular. but rugby is getting super big. we have an activity zone within the fan zone and we are seeing more and more children. erina making sure that she has the best seat fan zone. you're watching bbc news. don't forget, you can get more on all our stories, including updates on the rugby world cup final, by logging onto our website, or download the news app. you can reach me on twitter. i'm @jamesbbcnews. england will take on south africa in the japanese city of yokohama, england are attempting to avenge the springboks's victory in the last final. this tournament is the first held in asia and we will keep you updated on bbc news as well. do stay
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with us. hello there. winds have already been picking up across parts of the uk. there is some stormy weather to take us through saturday — gales and also heavy rain which, for some of us, will cause some disruption to travel and potentially some damage as well. your bbc local radio station will keep you up to date. you can see the swirling area of cloud on our earlier satellite picture. this is an area of low pressure which has been deepening as it has been approaching the british isles. 0n the southern flank, you can see these isobars squashing together. that shows a swathe of strong winds continuing to develop right now across parts of wales and the south—west of england. some very heavy rain to be had here as well. but there are met office yellow warnings in force for the strength of the winds.
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the strongest winds through the first part of the morning across the south—west of england and south wales, gusts of 60, 70, maybe 80 miles an hour on exposed coasts. as the day wears on, those strong winds will transfer further east across southern england, the south midlands, and up into east anglia. 50, 60, maybe 65mph gusts. those winds could be quite damaging. there will also be some heavy and persistent rain slowly pushing east and north. but at the same time, there will be parts of northern england, southern scotland and northern ireland that see precious little rain. sunny spells. the winds here will be lighter. not a bad day. further north in scotland, there will be heavy and persistent rain which could cause flooding and easterly winds gusting to 50 or 60 miles an hour. there is lots going on across the uk through the day ahead. top temperatures of 10—13. if you are planning to head out and about during the evening, those winds will only slowly ease. it will certainly stay blustery for a while. into the first part of sunday, it should be a little
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calmer out there. some rain at times and lows of 7—9 degrees. sunday, low pressure still very much in charge. notice not as many white lines, not as many isobars on the chart. winds will be considerably lighter. around the centre of that area of low pressure, we will see showers or longer spells of rain spiralling around across the uk. it isn't all doom and gloom if you are heading out and about, because you can see some breaks in the cloud as well. there will be some spells of sunshine, and those top temperatures — 10 degrees in aberdeen, 14 in cardiff. staying unsettled with further heavy downpours into the start of the new working week and then for the middle of the week, it will pick up a northerly wind that is going to feel rather chilly.
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this is bbc news, the headlines:
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england's rugby players are making final preparations for the world cup final injapan, with the kick off just a few hours away. eddiejones‘ men will start the match against south africa as favourites to lift the trophy. a public health emergency has been declared in the indian capital delhi because of soaring air pollution levels. all schools have been shut until tuesday and face masks are being handed out to millions of pupils. the city's pollution level is 20 times higher that which the world health organisation considers acceptable. britain has become the latest european country to halt fracking for oil and gas because of safety concerns. it's been suspended since august after tremors in north west england. experts told ministers they could not predict how often or how strong future tremors might be.


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