this is bbc news i'm shaun ley. the headlines at two: south africa are victorious in the rugby world cup final, beating england 32—12 at yokohama in japan. jubilation in capetown as the sprinkboks win the trophy for the third time, the first with a black captain. so near yet so far for england fans who take comfort in team coach eddiejones‘ achievements. south africa deserved it. it was a disappointing game to watch, because there was simply not enough rugby being played. hey, it'sjust a game of rugby, mate, it's all good. the government halts fracking for gas in england until there is evidence the controversial process is safe. labour unveils a plan to make all new—build homes "zero carbon" within three years if it wins
the general election. a wild west first for the north west of england. all will be revealed about an old black and white film. and the latest from westminster in brexitcast in half an hour, here on bbc news. good afternoon and welcome to bbc news. south africa have ended england's dream of lifting the rugby world cup with an overwhelming victory at the final injapan. the springboks delivered a brilliant and relentless attacking game winning by 32 points to 12. for england, there's bitter disappointment. for south africans, it's
a triumphant moment for a sport that's come to represent huge change in their nation. our sports editor dan roan reports from japan. he had said he wished this tournament would never end but as coach eddiejones and his players left the hotel for their date with destiny, they knew the next few hours would define the rest of their lives. the journey english rugby has been dreaming of for years. for those who simply had to see it for themselves, it was a moment to cherish. the prospect of glory no less tantalising for their opponents. this would be a repeat of the final 12 years ago, the last time england had played on such a stage. whatever was about to unfold, they had already restored pride in the jersey and now they had to go to a place only one english team had been to before. but it was clear that their rivals, led by the springbok‘s first black captain wanted this just as much. a sense that they were playing for something far greater
than just themselves. kyle sinckler emerged as one of the tournament's stars but his final would last just two minutes, the prop out cold after colliding with his team—mate. england robbed of one of their most important players. handre pollard then had england on the scoreboard. the favourites seem rattled as the magnitude of the occasion getting to them? england's only points in a tight first half coming from the boot of owen farrell. they had reached this stage by taking the game to a new level but not here. south africa's defence way too strong and then capitalising on english discipline. england were in trouble, penalised time and time again as the giant south african pack began to dismantle their scrum. no team had trailed at half—time and a final and come back to win, could england defy history? not like this. makazole mapimpi starting a rapid attack to score his country's first try in a final.
south africa had been labelled boring in the build—up, so much for that. cheslin kolbe celebrating his return to the side with a devastating dance to the try line. heartbreak for england, this their third defeat in a final. theirform had deserted them when it mattered most. i'm proud of what we've done and how far we've come over the course of this tournament. it showed with the fact that we had in the second half but credit to south africa, they were very good. we come from different backgrounds, different races and we came together with one goal and wanted to achieve it. i really hope that we have done that for south africa. 2a years ago, south africa's first victory on home soil had given them one of their most iconic images. now siya kolisi had provided another. this was a seminal moment for his sport and his country. south africa united as world champions once again. millions of rugby fans were watching, in england, south africa and around the world, as the springboks claimed
their third world cup title. rupert wingfield hayes reports. as the final whistle blew in yokohama, in johannesburg of as the final whistle blew in yokohama, injohannesburg of the streets erupted with celebration. the people of the rainbow nation dancing and singing together. south african fans who had made the long trek to japan, it was also a moment of pure ecstasy. how does it feel? amazing! did you come herejust for this! how does it feel? amazing! did you come here just for this! yes. amazing! a huge disappointment for england but was a night for south africa and what a night forjapan which has hosted this amazing world cup that now has thousands of new
by cup that now has thousands of new rugby fans. these young japanese fa ns rugby fans. these young japanese fans looked almost as excited as their new south african friends. before the world cup, they told me they had never watched a rugby match. why do you like south africa? because they are amazing. in yokohama and back in england, the faces of the fans said it all. the nation's rugby team had come so close, even defeating the all blacks, today they were systematically beaten. from the start it didn't look like we were going to win and we didn't. south africa played really well i was just disappointed that england didn't win. tonight has been a victory for by. win. tonight has been a victory for rugby. new friendships have been made and many new rugby fans created.
our correspondent, milton nkosi is with south africa fans in johannesburg. big celebrations at t? indeed. south africans are going to do this well into the night because this victory, they understand that it is notjust about the sport itself. it is about much more as nelson mandela told the nation, it brings the nation together. especially after the nightmare of apartheid. i'm now joined by one of the supporters who was watching the big screen. how are you feeling after this victory for the springboks? super excited. given the springboks? super excited. given the fact that the last world cup we wofi
the fact that the last world cup we won united as as a nation. well done to our new captain. it went over and above all expectations and i feel that given the current situation, especially as south africa, this has brought us closer. so, i am really excited and really glad. i am more optimistic than anything else given that we won and are champions again. yes, south africa! there are a lot of underlying deeper issues that i feel are sorted out, you know? for people it isjust a rugby match but for others it is much more. you heard it there, it is notjust a by heard it there, it is notjust a rugby match. remember this history, today was the first time for the
first black south african captain. his father had travelled to go and watch him. as you said, i was very struck by siya kolisi saying that his family didn't even have a tv set. there couldn't be anything more symbolic than having a sporting legend like him? that is 10096 legend like him? that is 100% correct. south africa is slowly trying to get itself out of the chains of apartheid. it is still a long way away of sorting out a legacy of racial segregation but there are small glimmers of hope and c0 kolisi is one small example. as you said, he didn't even have a
television set in 2007 when the springboks won against england. —— siyakolisi. the nation is coming together because of this. unemployment this week was announced to be at its highest in many years at 30% so people are feeling a little bit lighter because of this rugby world cup victory. good news there in south africa. the day's other main news now, and the government has suspended fracking in england for the forseeable future. the ban comes after a technical report said it was not possible to predict the probability or size of severe earth tremors caused by the extraction of shale gas from the ground.
labour, the liberal democrats and the green party have called for the ban to be made permanent. our business correspondent katie prescott reports. it's been one of the most controversial issues of the last decade. fracking, the process of getting gas from rocks using pressurised water and chemicals. but the resulting earthquakes and disruption have infuriated local communities and environmental campaigners. they are delighted by today's news. i'm absolutely delighted. we knew that a decision was going to come out, last night, at midnight in fact, but we daren‘t hope that it was going to be as good as it is. 0k, it isn't a band but it is a moratorium and i can't see how the moratorium can be lifted until they can prove that fracking can be done safely. the government had hoped that sites like these would change our energy landscape, providing an abundant home—grown source of fuel that would reduce our gas import
and cut carbon emissions. but now they have changed their mind, stopping just short of a permanent ban. there is no doubt that extracting more natural gas in the united kingdom would be very attractive but we have always been clear, we can only do that if it can be done safely. we will follow the science, so in future, should the ability to be certain about seismic events and so on, we will look at it again. but labour says they do not trust the government's u—turn and feel it could be an election ploy. today the regulator says it is not safe because it can't predict how many earthquakes fracking will cause and it says that the impact on local communities is unacceptable. as a result, companies must stop their operations. fracking's industry body says it is fully committed to working with regulators to demonstrate it can operate safely. and that 72% of the uk's gas will be
imported by 2035 if we don't take advantage of our shale gas. the big question now is whether the industry will be willing to invest any more money here in the hope that the science will one day find in their favour and the regulation could change. katie prescott, bbc news. our correspondent phillip norton is at the preston new road site near blackpool where fracking was suspended in august after a number of tremors. what has been the reaction? work was suspended in august following the 2.9 magnitude earthquake which added to consent so clearly there has been a huge amount of celebration here. for many miles there are many banners and posters put out by local
people who live here but also by these protesters who have been here for many years against the work that has been taking place and many people have been beeping their horns and cheering as they have been going past. there obviously are concerns from some of these people that this isa from some of these people that this is a bit of an election stunt for easy votes, some of them also saying that a moratorium is as good as a band. labours policy is that fracking shouldn't be taking place at all. jeremy corbyn said that this was a stunt but other people have said that boris johnson was a stunt but other people have said that borisjohnson has been in favour of fracking in the past two. it may be temporary and will be
imposed until it is proved safe. she said that the science isn't accurate enough to be able to assess the fault lines and the geological studies that have been shown to be inaccurate so therefore, unless and until we can be absolutely certain, we are imposing a moratorium. a sense of relief and a celebration but those we have been speaking to have said they are not going to give up have said they are not going to give up and stop campaigning until a permanent ban has been put in place. thank you. i'm joined now via webcam by barbara richardson, an anti—fracking campaigner from the group frack free lancashire. i assume that you are delighted by this news? yes. it is great news for us. this news? yes. it is great news for us. having said that, i am cautiously optimistic because at the end of the date this is a moratorium
and notan end of the date this is a moratorium and not an outright ban. i fear there could be an element of electioneering going on here to announce it just before electioneering going on here to announce itjust before parliament dissolves and also prior to a general election. we won't question the motives. the oil and gas authority said it was conducting this review before so the government could just say it is responding to that report? yes. but they have only done the analysis on the first where there were earthquakes and not analysis on the second well and i think that is what they have got to do. they have to do the analysis on that well as well. that exposed by the government is saying that it will be led by the science and u nless will be led by the science and
unless that changes and the moratorium will stay. there is already a ban in wales and scotland, if labour is elected they say it will be banned in england as well. if you look at other countries, they have very successful fracking industries. why does it work there and not here? well, look at the sizes of those countries. the shale beds, the geography is completely different in that country and they don't have the same fault lines and so are don't have the same fault lines and so are geographically very different to the uk. we are very densely populated here so things like the impact on local communities will be far greater. it is notjust about the earthquakes. fracking houses many other risks, notjust to earthquakes and tremors but more
environmental risks, risks to public health and also climate to change. we are meant to be moving to zero carbon and why would you invent a whole new fossil fuel industry at a time when we should be moving away from that towards renewables. what has been the impact on the community itself because i believe that a lot of people have seen the science and saying that a lot of it is hidden away? actually, they are quite tall. recently they have been doing flaming at preston new road and you can see the nitrogen, there are lots of heavy goods vehicles coming on and off the site, there is noise associated with it. there are lots
of other impact and at the end of the day it is very much an industrial site and there will be hundreds of these. has that had an impact on property prices in the area? it has here. we did get a fall in property prices and people were having to face hits on properties and some people couldn't even sell them because no one wants to live near a fracking site. it has had an impact but unfortunately it is difficult to analyse because these are the only two sites that are actually... it is hard to say what the actual impact is but i know that people were looking at properties in this area and they were contacting
me and asking me is fracking going ahead? we don't want to move into the area if fracking goes ahead. you are for the moment fracking free. south africa have won the rugby world cup final —— after convincingly beating england 32—12 at yokohama injapan. the government halts fracking for gas in england until there is evidence the controversial process is safe. labour unveils a plan to make all new—build homes "zero carbon" within three years if it wins the general election. the labour leaderjeremy corbyn has said there is no greater issue facing the world than climate change, as he made a campaign speech in swindon. the party is promising to make
all new—build homes "zero carbon" within three years, in an effort to curb housing shortages and tackle climate change. mr corbyn also dismissed the government's call to halt fracking as an "election stunt". i think it sounds like fracking would come back on the 13th of december if they were elected back into office. we are quite clear, we relent fracking, we think it is unnecessary, we think it is polluted of ground water systems and also all the evidence from preston new road in lancashire is that it is actually dangerous and has caused serious earth tremors and that is why cuadrilla have had to halt their fracking many times even though they kept claiming they are going to go into full production. so you think that this is essentially a little stunt that they are playing? it seems to me like an election stunt. i think it is what is called euphemistically a bit of green wash. in terms of what labour would do
instead of that, what are your plans for energy supplies? energy supply will be essentially moving on to the highest level of renewables that we can manage which would be solar, wind and wave and we will therefore be looking at investing in very big projects like swansea bay lagoon and mersey barrage. wind farms around the coast of britain and manufacturing of wind turbines in this country, as already wight. of course, big wind farms in scotland because of the west coast of scotland which is idealfor it. the liberal democrat leader jo swinson hasjoined sam gyimah as he launched his campaign to take london's kensington seat from labour. mrgyimah, who is a former conservative minister, resigned his membership while criticising the tories for becoming a "hard brexit party".
meanwhile, the snp leader nicola sturgeon has claimed independence is "within touching distance", ahead of a speech to supporters at a major rally in glasgow. let's get more on this with our correspondent alexandra mackenzie. what is the pitch that is being made by nicola sturgeon in this general election which still puts the prospect of an independence referendum in some way off?|j prospect of an independence referendum in some way off? i can just about to do. it is very noisy here this afternoon. i think they arejust clapping here this afternoon. i think they are just clapping a here this afternoon. i think they arejust clapping a member of here this afternoon. i think they are just clapping a member of the scottish green party. we have the unionist partyjust outside george square and the pro—independence rally here in the square. people have come from all across the country. we have already heard from
the snp mp and we think nicola sturgeon is due here in the next hour. as you said, she has said that independence is now within touching distance. independence is closer than ever according to nicola sturgeon. that is what she is likely to say when she gets up on that podium within an hour. she has also said that this election coming up on the 12th of december is likely to be one of the most important elections for scotland in modern times. what she has said, that she says that scotla nd she has said, that she says that scotland needs to have an independence referendum next year in 2020. she has pledged to the people that she will go to the government, the uk government, she does have to ask formally for the legislation to
be able to have that referendum here in scotland. who knows who is going to be in ten downing st after the 12th of december. borisjohnson has said absolutely no to a referendum, jeremy corbyn has said that it is not desirable or necessary. jeremy corbyn has said that it is not desirable or necessarylj jeremy corbyn has said that it is not desirable or necessary. i look forward to hearing more from you later. our really simple guide to the election explains the nuts and bolts and allows you to tap or click on key election terms to learn more. check it out on our website or the bbc news app. the first western to be ever made is to be shown in public for the first time in more than a century. the screening will take place where it was filmed, not in hollywood, but in lancashire. here's colin paterson. kidnapping by indians from 1899, the world's first western, according to the british film institute,
and it was filmed in blackburn. in northgate, in the centre of blackburn on the site that they worked from, the year that they made the first western kidnapped by indians. mitchell and kenyon's documentaries captured everyday life, including in their hometown, but they also liked to experiment. in 1899, that changes. they stop filming the world around them and start telling stories and one of the first is the first western. jamie holman tracked down a surviving copy in the archives of london's cinema museum. today, it will be shown for the first time in a century at the british textile biennial in the town. a very simple story, a frontier family encounters native americans, who try to take the child, and they are saved by the plucky cowboy, so it has got tomhawks, feathers, smoking pistols — it is a cowboy film. it is often claimed that the great train robbery, made in the us in 1903 was the first western. but kidnapping by indians
was shot four years earlier, and there are good reasons why the wild west was known in the north—west. there is this connection between the cotton growing obviously in america and the east lancashire weavers. why wouldn't there be some kind of link that allowed them to know about that world and kind of be able to turn it into the world's first western? if you asked anyone in the street where was the first western made, no—one would say blackburn. no, nobody would say blackburn. it is an example of creativity and culture that comes from the working classes that has been ignored and screened here in blackburn and about the people of blackburn get to see that and it is their culture. the western is once again home on the range and that home is blackburn. idid i did once meet a cowboy from croydon and he had been in the wild west and came back to live in croydon.
strong winds have caused travel delays and power cuts across large parts of southern england and south wales. gusts have also blown over trees and there's been travel disruption. the environment agency has issued 22 flood warnings while police are urging people not to make unnecessary journeys. there's disruption at the port of dover, and several train companies are running services at reduced speed and a number of lines are blocked by fallen trees. now it's time for a look at the weather with sarah keith lucas we still have some really strong winds, particularly over the next few hours. strength of the winds continue with some heavy rain which is causing some few flooding issues as well. it is all down to this low pressure which is sitting across central parts of the uk. as to the far south and far north that we are seeing the strongest of the winds. guests at a0 to 50 mph, even
stronger than that in some coastal locations. 50 to 60 mph gusts in scotla nd locations. 50 to 60 mph gusts in scotland as well. the rain will gradually be easing through the course of tonight as will those winds so by the time we reach tomorrow morning it won't be as windy and it will be a different picture. a bit of mist and murk in the morning. still a few showers around across parts of northern and eastern scotland, eastern england, a few more showers working in from the west. a much better day for south—eastern england. still rather cool with temperatures around ten to 13 degrees. hello, you watching bbc news. they had lines. south africa has won the rugby world cup final after beating england 32—12 in japan. the government halts backing for gas in england until there is evidence that the controversial
process is safe. labour has unveiled a plan to make new build homes zero carbon within three years if it wins the general election. now in bbc news that is a belief from the election hearing. here's my treat! 0h! i haven't got a trick. no! it's halloween, but not the halloween we were expecting. no. we've all got our little additions. 0h. picked up on the campaign trail today. look, look. i've got this especially for you, laura, for the ten 0'clock news. do you like that? well, it is getting a bit cold out there on the trail! it is. it is, it is, it is. maybe later! and where's adam? where is he? well, word reaches me he has been walking the streets today. what? walking the streets on hallowe'en in traditional — or, well, very adam — dress. let's have a quick look. he is dressed, apparently, as only adam could be... as? the withdrawal agreement! let's have a look. ow!