this is bbc news, i'm shaun ley. the headlines at apm: south africa are victorious in the rugby world cup final, beating england 32—12 at yokohama in japan. so near yet so far for england fans who take comfort in team coach eddiejones' achievements. south africa deserved it. it was a disappointing game to watch, because there was simply not enough rugby being played. hey, it'sjust a game of rugby, mate, it's all good. the government halts fracking for gas in england until there is evidence the controversial process is safe. nicola sturgeon accuses boris johnson and jeremy corbyn of running scared of a tv debate with her and says scottish independence is within touching distance. vote to escape the chaos and the
misery and the division of brexit and vote to put scotland's future into scotland's hands. that is the message that must ring out. labour unveils a plan to make all new—build homes "zero carbon" within three years if it wins the general election. strong winds cause travel delays and power cuts across large parts of southern england and south wales. police urge people not to make unnecessary journeys. a wild west first for the north west. of england. all will be revealed about an old black and white film. and shocking living conditions exposed by the victoria derbyshire programme. that's in half an hour, here on bbc news.
good afternoon and welcome to bbc news. south africa have ended england's dream of lifting the rugby world cup, with an overwhelming victory in the final injapan. the springboks delivered a brilliant and relentless attacking game, winning by 32 points to 12. for england there's bitter disappointment. for south africans it's a triumphant moment, for a sport that's come to represent huge change in their nation. our sports editor dan roan reports from japan. he had said he wished this tournament would never end but as coach eddiejones and his players left their hotel for their date with destiny, they knew the next few hours would define the rest of their lives. this the journey english rugby has been dreaming of for years. for those who simply had to see it for themselves, it was a moment to cherish. the prospect of glory no less
tantalising, however, for their opponents. this would be a repeat of the final 12 years ago, the last time england had played on such a stage. whatever was about to unfold, they had already restored pride in the jersey and now they had to go to a place only one english team had been to before. but it was clear that their rivals, led by the springbok‘s first black captain, wanted thisjust as much. a sense that they were playing for something far greater than just themselves. kyle sinckler emerged as one of the tournament's stars but his final would last just two minutes, the prop out cold after colliding with his team—mate. england robbed of one of their most important players. handre pollard then hurting them on the scoreboard. the favourites seem rattled as the magnitude of the occasion getting to them. england's only points in a tight first half coming
from the boot of owen farrell. they had reached this stage by taking the game to a new level but not here. south africa's defence way too strong and then capitalising on english ill discipline. england were in trouble, penalised time and time again as the giant south african pack began to dismantle their scrum. no team had trailed at half—time and a final and come back to win, could england defy history? not like this. makazole mapimpi starting and finishing a rapid attack to score his country's first ever try in a final. south africa had been labelled boring in the build—up, so much for that. cheslin kolbe celebrating his return to the side with a devastating dance to the try line. heartbreak for england, this their third defeat in a final. theirform had deserted them when it mattered most. i'm proud of what we've done and how far we've come over the course of this tournament. it showed with the fight that we had in the second half but credit to south africa, they were very good. we come from different backgrounds, different races and we came together
with one goal and wanted to achieve it. i really hope that we have done that for south africa. 2a years ago, south africa's first world cup victory on home soil had given them one of their most iconic images. now siya kolisi had provided another. this was a seminal moment for his sport and his country. south africa united as world champions once again. millions of rugby fans were watching, in england, south africa and around the world, as the springboks claimed their third world cup title. rupert wingfield hayes reports. as the final whistle blew in yokohama, half a world away in johannesburg, the streets erupted in celebration. the people of the rainbow nation dancing and singing together. for south african fans who had made the long trip to japan, it was also a moment of pure ecstasy.
how does it feel? amazing! amazing! did you come herejust for this? yes! we love it and we love the people also. amazing! huge disappointment here for england tonight but what a night for south africa and what a night forjapan which has hosted this amazing world cup and now has thousands of new rugby fans. these young japanese fans looked almost as excited as their new south african friends. before the world cup, they told me they had never watched a rugby match. why do you like south africa? because they have an amazing team, that is why we love them. in yokohama and back in england, the faces of the fans said it all. the nation's rugby team had come so
close, even defeating the all blacks but today they were systematically beaten. from the start we didn't i am absolutely gutted. south africa played really well. i was disappointed that england didn't win. but tonight has been a huge victory for rugby. the japanese people have welcomed by the japanese people have welcomed rugby with open arms, many new friendships and new rugby fans made. the government has said fracking remains a huge opportunity for the uk, despite ordering an indefinite halt to operations in england because of fears about possible earthquakes. ministers say the process of extracting shale gas by fracturing rocks underground will be suspended "until the science changes". labour, who have promised an end to fracking, dismissed the moratorium as an "election stunt". professor richard davies of newcastle university,
runs the independent research group refine which looks at fracking. he says that the dangers of the process are comparable to those of coal mining. in the united kingdom, since 1972, there have been around 1800 seismic events, earthquakes over 1.5 in magnitude. at least 21% of those were caused... were man—made, they were caused by coal mining. so we have actually lived with seismicity up to 3.4 in magnitude, the biggest, and related event. we have lived with these events for many decades but it is true to say that the shale gas industry onshore in the uk is struggling to prevent felt earthquakes and that has plagued the industry since 2011 and continues to do so. and communities at the countryside charity cpre. first of all, why is the cpr e so
worried about fracking 7 first of all, why is the cpr e so worried about fracking? we have been complaining about this issue for a long time because there are real concerns about fracking, consents to the industrialisation of the countryside. we know that if it has taken off we would be looking at about... a large number of wells. in terms of the operation as it currently stands, we have only really had the one large site at preston really had the one large site at presto n n ew really had the one large site at preston new road, is it the location because it is in an area that is relatively built up or is it the process that concerns you? the location is less than ideal but it isa location is less than ideal but it is a bit of both. the italy macro fracking in the united states is a com pletely
fracking in the united states is a completely different situation. it is about our climate and keeping fossil fuels is about our climate and keeping fossilfuels in is about our climate and keeping fossil fuels in the ground. it perhaps involves less damage to the environment than instructing coal and the atmosphere of the area. if we are in the stage where we are on the way to a carbon free economy but we aren't there yet, what is the damage of keeping it in the mix? the reality is that we already have enough so we don't need to be finding new sources of gas. we actually need to be moving away from gas anyway, we know that and the committee on climate change has made that really clear. the government has already set out policies to make sure that new homes will have combined heat and power rather than gas boilers the long term there is no real case for fracking. the long
term it could be years away? yes, but we have supplies for decades so thatis but we have supplies for decades so that is not a concern. what about how this has come about because there has been a long campaign by local people against it as well as organisations like yours being unhappy with fracking. the operation has continued and the politics are also very interesting with an election coming up. it is a moratorium not a ban, what you expect once the election is out of the way? i think this is only one nail in the coffin amongst many. there are many reasons fracking hasn't taken off. it has faced significant opposition in the planning system and communities have basically said no. the fact that it has actually caused significant earthquakes and that has caused significant concerns such that now the government is saying no, we went
back it. so i don't see any future for it. do you have actually think that the government has sent a signal that it isn't worth investing in fracking? i think so. i think investors had already concluded that. they said that unless the limits on earthquakes... today's announcements have probably confirmed that. thank you. scotland's first minister nicola sturgeon has said the general election is a "crossroads moment" for scotland. addressing a rally in glasgow, ms sturgeon said independence was "within touching distance". she repeated her plan to hold a referendum next year and urged scots to use the election to put "scotland's future in scotland's hands". let's get more on this with our correspondent alexandra mackenzie. she was watching the event as it
unfolded. the crowd started to thin out a bit in the square and it looks a bit more familiar than it did in the last couple of hours. enthusiasm for nicola sturgeon and presumably many snp voters in the square. as you were saying earlier, it is not a question that everyone will be answering in the same way. that is right. as you said, the square has started to empty but that has only happened in the last ten or 15 minutes. before that, we understand that there were thousands of people here in the square. 0rganisers have said that 20,000 were here. the police are saying 10,000. it was a pro—independence rally. the message was that they want an independence referendum. they want scotland to have a choice about its future. the main speaker was the first minister of scotla nd main speaker was the first minister of scotland and leader of the snp,
nicola sturgeon and she had a very clear message. she wants an independence referendum in scotland next year in 2020. this is what she had to say. the much better alternative for our country is to ta ke alternative for our country is to take our future into our hands and to become an independent country. a country that invests in our people, that invests in our public services, that invests in our public services, that invests in lifting children out of poverty, not in a hard brexit, not in trident weapons of mass destruction on the river clyde. an independent country that is open, welcoming, diverse, that can build a better future, not just for us welcoming, diverse, that can build a better future, notjust for us here today and this generation of scots but a better future for all the generations that come after us.
that, my friends, is the price and that prize is within our touching distance. but we must, we must seize that prize. i said a moment ago that this general election is the most important in our lifetimes and that, thatis important in our lifetimes and that, that is the case. so, a very strong message there from nicola sturgeon that was met very well by the audience here. she also accused borisjohnson audience here. she also accused boris johnson and jeremy corbyn audience here. she also accused borisjohnson and jeremy corbyn is running scared and said that she wa nted running scared and said that she wanted to debate with them at anywhere. but borisjohnson has said that he definitely does not want an independence referendum and jeremy corbyn has said that it is not necessary or desirable. is there any indication from the various ways
that public opinion has been measured over the past few years that it has shifted towards independence or is it pretty much where it was at the time of the last referendum? it is difficult to tell that from being here today. 0bviously, everyone who was in the square today, they might not have been from the snp but they were definitely pro—independence but we also saw a smaller rally, smaller demonstration, taking place just outside the square of unionists. they wanted to put across the message that nicola sturgeon does not talk for the whole of scotland. there are definitely people in scotla nd there are definitely people in scotland who do not want independence and theyjust want scotland who do not want independence and they just want the snp and the scottish government to move on from that argument and start talking about the nhs and start talking about the nhs and start talking about the nhs and start talking about education. but also, we might get a better indication after the election. nicola sturgeon has said that this is the most
important election of our generation. the headlines on bbc news: south africa have won the rugby world cup final, after convincingly beating england 32—12 at yokohama injapan. the government halts fracking for gas in england until there is evidence the controversial process is safe. nicola sturgeon accuses boris johnson and jeremy corbyn of running scared of a tv debate with her and says scottish independence is within touching distance. in sport, eddiejones says he doesn't know why they came up so short but south africa did well.
manchester united lost 1—0 to bournemouth in the early kick—off. josh king scored the first half winner to move the cherries up to 6th in the table. liverpool are losing and manchester are losing at home to southampton, we will have a full update later. let's get more now on how south africa ended england's dream of lifting the rugby world cup —— with an overwhelming victory at the final injapan. 0ur correspondent, milton nkosi is with south africa fans in johannesburg.
this match was followed very closely and they have won it three times. they are celebrating even now, if you look at this table here, they have been celebrating all afternoon. this celebration continues in the towns and villages of this country. they are also celebrating south africa's first black captain siya kolisi who led the team. he came from humble beginnings, when south africa won in 2007 his family couldn't afford a television set and he had to go and watch it in a pub. his father is travelling for the first time abroad ever and went to japan to see his son lift that trophy so there is so much history around that trophy, it is notjust
about the scoreline that we see on the screen. it must‘ve been a tournament for siya kolisi's family to enjoy that in the stadium. how have the south african fans been following it at home? rugby is big but there are a lot of other things going on right now. there are so many other sporting events, football is very big. cricket hasn't been doing very well so this rugby when we'll certainly lift the spirits of south africans, particularly the cricketers who have been struggling in test matches against india. more than that, the unemployment rate statistics came out this week and nearly 30%, the highest in 11 years,
inequality, poverty, all these things are weighing very heavily on south africans and they've feel that they needed this win to just lift them up and maybejump—start they needed this win to just lift them up and maybe jump—start the economy into the growth levels it requires full stop you will remember we had the xenophobic attacks not that long ago so people do feel a little bit of a relief to celebrate and forget some of the serious challenges this country faces. the tea m challenges this country faces. the team is able to represent all races. it is great to see a black captain holding that trophy hi. exactly, and social cohesion that nelson mandela was a teaching. just a year after apartheid he said embracing the springboks and rugby and today they
are doing exactly what he taught them. south africans relieved in the 12 year cycle superstition, they won it in 1995 12 year cycle superstition, they won it in1995 and 12 year cycle superstition, they won it in 1995 and then in 2007 and the date today is another 12 years so maybe in another 12 years. i'd better get my bet in early. the labour leaderjeremy corbyn has said there was no greater issue facing the world than climate change, as he made a campaign speech in swindon. the party is promising to make all new—build homes "zero carbon" within three years, in an effort to curb housing shortages and tackle climate change. mr corbyn also dismissed the government's call to halt
i think it sounds like fracking would come back on the 13th of december if they were elected back into office. we are quite clear, we will end fracking, we think it is unnecessary, we think it is polluted of ground water systems and also all the evidence from preston new road in lancashire is that it is actually dangerous and has caused serious earth tremors and that is why cuadrilla have had to halt their fracking many times even though they kept claiming they were about to go into full production. so you think that this is essentially a little stunt that they are playing? it seems to me like an election stunt. i think it is what is called euphemistically a bit of green wash. the liberal democrat leader jo swinson hasjoined sam gyimah as he launched his campaign to take london's kensington seat from labour. mrgyimah, who is a former conservative
minister, resigned his membership while criticising the tories for becoming a "hard brexit party". 0ur really simple guide to the election explains the nuts and bolts and allows you to tap or click on key election terms to learn more. check it out on our website or on the bbc news app. ferry services out of the port of dover have been suspended due to strong winds which are causing travel delays and power cuts across large parts of southern england and south wales. 0ur correspondentjon donnison is here with the latest details. what is the impact of the ferries are being suspended? it is pretty bad. they have been suspended. p&0 are updating people over twitter. it
is not just people are updating people over twitter. it is notjust people going out but you also have to feel a bit sorry for the people waiting to get in, stuck at sea, rough seas, pretty grim. and nowhere else for them to go until the doc is given the all clear. every time we have these situations and it does happen almost every year you have to think about the amount of food and water on these ships and pretty rough seas. what are the disruptions that have been caused? we have had winds of 109 mph in the isle of wight. we have an extreme weather warning from the met office all along that south coast from portsmouth all the way up to great yarmouth in norfolk. a lot of problems on the trains as well, you have debris on the line and trees down, that sort of thing. quite a lot of networks, southern, south—eastern, gatwick express, thames link. if you have to travel
check before you go and if you are sailing take those seasickness ta blets. the first western to be ever made is to be shown in public for the first time in more than a century. the screening will take place where it was filmed, not in hollywood, but in lancashire. here's colin paterson. kidnapping by indians from 1899, the world's first western, according to the british film institute, and it was filmed in blackburn. from northgate, in the centre of blackburn on the site that they worked from, the year that they made the first western kidnapped by indians. mitchell and kenyon's documentaries captured everyday life, including in their hometown, but they also liked to experiment. in 1899, that changes. they stop filming the world around them and start telling stories and one of the first is the first western. jamie holman tracked down a surviving copy in the archives
of london's cinema museum. today, it will be shown for the first time in a century at the british textile biennial in the town. a very simple story, a frontier family encounters native americans, who try to take the child, and they are saved by the plucky cowboy, so it has got tomhawks, feathers, smoking pistols, it is a cowboy film. it is often claimed that the great train robbery made in the us in 1903 was the first western. but kidnapping by indians was shot four years earlier, and there are good reasons why the wild west was known in the north—west. there is this connection between the cotton growing obviously in america and the east lancashire weavers. why wouldn't there be some kind of link that allowed them to know about that world and kind of be able to turn it into the world's first western? if you asked anyone in the street where was the first western made, no—one would say blackburn. no, nobody would say blackburn.
it is an example of creativity and culture that comes from the working classes that has been ignored and screened here in blackburn and t's about the people of blackburn get to see that and it is their culture. the western is once again home on the range and that home is blackburn. wouldn't you just love to see the whole of that film. now let's look at the weather. for many others, the wet and windy weather has been continuing throughout the day and we will continue to see travel disruption into the evening. there is a mix of gales and heavy rain, especially for southern england and northern scotland. gusts of 50 to 60 mph up here and a0 to 50 must power down south. the winds will be better into
the evening. there could be some misty patches around tomorrow morning, especially for northern ireland towards north wales and into the midlands but certainly frost free, six to 8 degrees in the morning. tomorrow it will be a much less windy day than it has been. still some blustery showers down towards the south—west too. some sunny and dry weather in between the day and temperatures between ten to 14 day and temperatures between ten to 1a degrees.
hello this is bbc news. the headlines... south africa have won the rugby world cup final —— after convincingly beating england 32—12 at yokohama injapan. the government halts fracking for gas in england until there is evidence the controversial process is safe. nicola sturgeon accuses boris johnson and jeremy corbyn of running scared of a tv debate with her and says scottish independence is within touching distance. labour unveils a plan to make all new—build homes "zero carbon" within three years if it wins the general election. now in bbc news, the disabled victoria derbyshire has been getting up victoria derbyshire has been getting up to this week.