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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 3, 2019 2:00am-2:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news — i'm james reynolds. our top stories: celebrations for south africans, after the springboks crush england in the rugby world cup. for many, a victory that goes beyond the sport. this is the biggest world cup in the world. and this is the sport that unites us as south africans. turkey blames kurdish militants for a deadly bomb blast in a syrian border town occupied by its forces. hello and welcome to bbc news.
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south africa are the rugby world cup champions for the third time in the tournament's history. the springboks took the title injapan beating england 32 points to 12 in the final — overpowering the english in the second half of the game. it was a historic win for the rainbow nation — and for many it was more than just a rugby match as andrew harding reports from johannesburg. the final whistle, and across south africa, the sense of a nation coming together, celebrating more than just a rugby match. it means unity, it means unity to south africa. we have been needing this. so it wasjust an amazing atmosphere. really the peoples enjoying it, everybody together, south africa as one nation. this is actually something positive that we can actually celebrate as a country, and yeah, well done to the boks. after years of slow racial transformation, south africa finally has a rainbow team.
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this is what we can do as a team when we decide on one goal and one dream and we give it our best, so thank you very much. cheering it is 2a years since nelson mandela celebrated south africa's first rugby world cup victory, but that team was overwhelmingly white. today, captain siya kolisi has become a new symbol of hope and progress in a country still facing huge challenges. for years, the news from south africa has been relentlessly bad — corruption, inequality, a country losing its way. does today change that? of course not, but this victory is a reminder of the bigger picture of how much has changed here since the days of racial apartheid. this is, after all, a vibrant, young democracy with a world—beating rugby team. andrew harding, bbc news, johannesburg. a bomb has exploded in a town in northern syria occupied by turkish forces, killing at least 13 people.
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the turkish defence ministry has blamed the kurdish ypg militia group for the attack in a region controlled until last month by the kurdish—led syrian democratic forces. no group has said it carried out the attack in tal abyad, which is close to the turkish border. here's the bbc‘s middle east analyst, alan johnston. the moments after the blast. amid the smoke and the debris they try to take in what has just happened. this was a car bomb that went off near a market. civilians were among the casualties but also syrian arab militiamen who were allied with the turkish military. the turks, in a major offensive, recently took this town from local kurdish fighters. turkey regards them as terrorists, and it has been determined to drive them away from border areas like this. the turks have blamed the kurdish ypg militia for the bombing.
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the ypg hasn't responded to the accusation. tal abyad town is in its first days under turkish military control and what has just happened suggests that making it secure may not be easy. another story coming from the region — turkey says it will send fighters from the islamic state group that it's captured in syria, back to their home countries. it's criticised european states for being reluctant to take the fighters and their families back. translation: concerning the foreigners, we will keep them under our control for some time to come. then, we'll send them back to their countries. we're not a hotel for daesh members. this new method where they say, "we took his nationality away, now it's your problem". that's unacceptable in our view. that's totally irresponsible. let's be clear, what do you want me
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to do with your terrorist? let's look at some other stories in brief. a prominent indigenous leader in brazil has been killed inside a protected area in the north of the country. local authorities in maranau say this man — paulo guajajara — was shot by illegal loggers during an ambush. brazil'sjustice minister has promised to investigate but indigenous groups say there's been an increase in attacks by illegal loggers and miners since far—right president jair bolsonaro took office injanuary. police in mongolia say they have detained more than 800 chinese nationals as part of an investigation into a cybercrime ring. more than 1,000 personal computers and 10,000 mobile phone sim cards were also confiscated. the detainees are suspected of online gambling and money—laundering offences. two green party leaders in germany say they've received death threats from a german offshoot of an american neo—nazi group. they were sent by e—mail
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to the offices ofjem 0ezdemir, who's of turkish descent, and claudia roht. theirs were the first names on what purported to be a hit list. ms roht said the threats were the latest attempt to intimidate politicians, jews, muslims, artists and people from immigrant backgrounds. airbnb says it will ban so—called "party houses" after five people were killed in a shooting at a california home that had been rented through the service. airbnb‘s ceo brian chesky tweeted that the company would redouble its efforts to "combat unauthorized parties and get rid of abusive host and guest conduct." 0ur correspondent chris buckler has the details. for anyone who has not used airbnb, it's a website that allows people to go on and advertise their rooms or their houses for generally a short—term let and other people can go on and rent them. but there have been some horror stories in the past. for example, there was a man who was banned from airbnb
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after renting a property and cramming 250 people in it for a new year's eve party. and there have been many stories of houses being badly damaged by those who have rented them. and parties have been a big issue for the company for a very long time. but what has led them to act is a party that was thrown at a home in 0rinda, which is an affluent suburb in san francisco last week. a woman rented the house, claiming she wanted to find a place to allow her asthmatic family to escape from the smoke from the california wildfires. in fact, she threw a halloween party in which 100 people turned up and it descended into violence, in which there where shootings and five people died in their 20s and their late teens. now, airbnb has said that is completely unacceptable and they say they are going to put in place new policies that will ban party houses. that might prove difficult to do, but brian chesky,
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who is the co—founder and chief executive officer of airbnb has set out a number of things that they are going to do. he says, they are going to create a dedicated party house rapid response team and that they are going to screen high—risk reservations, among other things. he's pretty blunt in these posts on twitter. he says, "we must do better and we will". 0ur washington correspondent chris buckler there. police in hong kong have fired tear gas to try to disperse pro—democracy activists gathering for an unofficial protest. it's the 22nd weekend of demonstrations in the semi—autonomous territory. protesters gathered at victoria park after the leading activistjoshua wong called for 100,000 people to attend the rally. he's been disqualified from standing in forthcoming district council elections. 0ur correspondent stephen mcdonell reports from downtown hong kong. the banning ofjoshua wong from standing in local elections has made people angry, and it emboldened many to turn
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out in protest today. but we also have this story that beijing is considering revamping how this city's governance is run. they are talking about changing the way in which the chief executive is selected. now, at the moment, these protesters say they want to vote for the city's leader. right now, carrie lam holds that position, the chief executive is appointed by a committee which is stacked by pro—beijing loyalists. we don't know how beijing is going to change that mix. i mean, many are saying they would be surprised if it moved in the protesters‘ favour, but nevertheless, they are turning out here, like i say, in the thousands. many thousands. here comes the water cannon behind us. you can see here, i think we will soon run out of time, but you can tell the water cannon truck has now come in to clear protesters out of the way. there is no resisting this, once
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the police wheel in a water cannon, they can't match that force that the water cannon has. and behind the water cannon, police armoured car and minivans. the hong kong police have adopted something of a zero—tolerance approach to demonstrating today. just marching in the streets has been enough to see people being arrested. and we have seen them coming in, grabbing people quickly, and then moving to another area. in response, thousands of protesters have been running through the streets with the sound of helicopters above them, watching what they are doing, and tear gas and rubber bullets being fired. now, this may work to clear protesters away tonight, but five months into this political crisis, it doesn't mean that it's going to stop them coming out tomorrow or even next week. steve mcdonnell
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reporting from hong kong. and you can find more on all the stories on our website. or you can download the bbc news app. 0pposition parties have called for a permanent ban on fracking in england, after the government suspended it for the forseeable future. the decision to suspend fracking came after a technical report said it wasn't possible to predict the probability or seriousness of earth tremors caused by extracting shale gas from the ground. our business correspondent katie prescott reports. it's farewell to fracking, for now. these campaigners in lancashire couldn't be happier to see the back of it. we're delighted about it, it's what we've been hoping for all the time. we don't trust them, of course. they could change their mind yet. it's good news, obviously. it's good news for the whole country, but in particular here,
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where people have put up with this for the best part of three years now. all this stuff going on for no apparent gain. so, three years, all that money pumped in, all that effort, and they've produced next to nothing. the process of extracting shale gas is one of the most controversial of our time. using pressurised water and chemicals to break up rock causes minor earthquakes. today, the oil and gas regulator says the impact on these communities is unacceptable, which means companies must stop the operations. in the past borisjohnson has called fracking "glorious news for humanity". but the government says it has changed its mind. there is no doubt that extracting more natural gas in the united kingdom would be very attractive but we've always been clear, we can only do that if it can be done safely. we will follow the science, so in future, should the ability to be certain about seismic events and so on, we will look at it again. the government had hoped sites like these would transform our energy policy.
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creating home—grown sources of power that would reduce our gas imports. fracking's industry body says... but the green party says fracking is a fantasy and want to see a permanent ban. labour say they fear the government's stance could be an election ploy. i think it sounds like fracking would come back on the 13th of december if they were elected back into office. we are quite clear, we will end fracking. the big question now is whether the industry will be willing to invest any more money here, in the hope that the science will one day find in their favour and the regulation could change. katie prescott, bbc news. boris johnson is under pressure to release a report on alleged russian election
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interference. the chairman of parliament's intelligence and security committee, dominic grieve, has told the bbc it was essential to publish the report before mps are sent away on tuesday for the start of britain's five—week election campaign. i cannot think of a reason why he should wish to prevent this report being published. this report is germane, because we do know, i think it is widely accepted, that the russians have sought to interfere in countries‘ democratic processes in the past. 0ur security correspondent gordon corera says the amount of information about what's actually in the report is limited. because it is partly about electoral interference and whether there has been any by russia ahead of the election. we've had a lot of evidence and inquiry to the us issue of electoral interference, particularly the mueller report in 2016 and so on. nothing like that has ever been
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done in the uk in terms of the level of investigation. no—one is sure whether there has been the same scale of potential interference in the uk but this report would be the closest thing to a mueller inquiry to find that out. it will look at russian espionage and subversion and other forms of russian influence but what we don't know although there have been some rumours, are what its conclusions are, whether there was a high level of russian interference and whether it was successful or not, we simply don't know that. in the next parliament, so a new committee would be formed. it could be a few months. they would decide whether they want to accept or change it. it would be months. it is that issue of whether it has information, as some have suggested, which is relevant to the way people might think about voting, even if it is not party political, about the electoral process and what is happening in elections. they feel that that needs to be seen this side of a general election so there will be more pressure in the next couple of days and we will see if the government gives in, and whether we see this report.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: south africa have won the rugby world cup, thrashing england in the final in japan. it's the third time they've won the trophy. at least 13 people have been killed in a car bomb attack in a syrian border town occupied by turkish forces. it's almost six decades since the brutal war of independence in algeria came to an end and france was forced to withdraw from its former north african colony. left behind were thousands of algerians who had chosen to fight on the side of the french army. they then faced brutal persecution. 0ur colleagues at witness history have been hearing from one algerian man, serge carel, who sided with the french, but was left to his own fate when the europeans went home.
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translation: the harki were local forces on the side of the french army in algeria's independence war. we gave everything for france, but what we didn't know was that france would abandon us. archive: as tension rises in french north africa, france arms her algerian supporters for defence against rebels. the prefect of the province personally hands out weapons to muslim recruits at madroma, where hundreds are being enrolled daily. translation: i was about 17 and a half, 18 years old at the time. you had to choose between france and the fln rebels. my father had been in the french army and had fought in world war i. my brothers were also in the french army — so i chose france.
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i was proud of what we did. proud of serving france. we were always sent out in front of the french troops. if there was an attack, the harki would be the first to die. we had to get rid of the fln fighters who were terrorising the population. we always knew that one day algeria would gain its independence. what general de gaulle should have done is take all the harki and theirfamilies to safety in france.
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but when independence was declared in 1962, the french disarmed the harki and left us defenceless. the fln took advantage of this and began to round us all up. they took me to a barracks where there were about 50 other harki prisoners. there was blood everywhere. they stripped me naked and started torturing me with electric shocks. each time, a new group of soldiers came on shift, they began again. the same thing every day. the fln even made us dig our own graves. some people were thrown in alive, some were thrown into the river and the jackals did the rest. i was arrested onjuly
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the 8th 1962, and i escaped on september the 10th 1962. it took me a long time to feel welcome here in france. i decided to change my name and convert to catholicism. i wanted to make a fresh start. i could say that i was born under a lucky star and that i am lucky. but not all the harki were so lucky and that's the fault of france. the story of serge
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carel from algeria. as wildfires have raged across parts of eastern australia, there have been concerns over the fate of hundreds of koalas. many are believed to have died in the flames centred around 400 kilometres north of sydney. but, as the bbc‘s tim allman reports, there have been some survivors. his name, for reasons unexplained, is corduroy paul, and he's been very, very lucky indeed. he was found curled up in a ball, dehydrated and clinging to life. along with another koala called anwin, corduroy paul survived the fires that have ravaged his habitat. thousands of hectares of land destroyed, trees and foliage turned to ash. koalas are especially vulnerable, often defenceless in the face of the flames. it's just gone straight through and very little would actually survive in there unscathed. wallabies, kangaroos, deer can get out because they can run,
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but koalas just really can't. in the last few days, sydney has been shrouded in smoke. the strong winds have fanned dozens of bushfires. they are an annual occurrence, but they have come unusually early this year. there are no reports so far of any injuries to people at least, but the scale of what's happening is frightening, nonetheless. very scary. we've been clearing out as much as we can of leaf litter and stuff like that, but what else can you do? this whole area is home to a very rare, genetically diverse koala population. as these fires recede, they will look to see how many remain. corduroy paul may have survived, but for others, it could well be a different story. tim allman, bbc news. astronauts on board the international space station will soon have the chance to test their baking skills. a rocket carrying a cargo craft has launched from the us state
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of virginia carrying nearly four tonnes of freight, including an oven and baking ingredients to make chocolate chip cookies. the scientific experiment will observe what affect the weightless conditions will have on the shape and consistency of the biscuits. dr ken kremer of space upclose told us how the oven would work. it has some heating elements, bait coil around it and in that they will put the cookies inside. it'll take one hour to heat up the oven, about half—an—hour to bake it, half an hour to let it cool then they will take ‘em out. so it is going to take quite a bit longer than cooking here on earth. how will they taste? that's the big question, will the astronauts actually taste them? i've actually got some of those cookies right here that we got from the company
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that is sponsoring this experiment. and they taste pretty good to me. how they will taste in space we don't know. it is an experiment. it is a good experiment. we are doing this because we want to bring the comforts of earth up to space. the astronauts will be up there for quite a long time. they don't want to eat reconstituted food. it is nice for them to have fresh food. was this a request from the astronauts themselves that they wanted chocolate chip cookies to bake themselves? i don't think it was a request by the astronauts are always looking for improvements to the menu. what happened was that in the zero g kitchen, nasa gets very many experimental proposals, and they said that they would work with the team to make these zero g cookies. so there was a suggestion from the outside but the astronauts are always looking for something good to eat, just like you and i.
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i bet they were. how important is good food to astronauts in space? i'm glad you asked. it is critical. do you want meals ready to eat everyday? i don't think so, you want a little variety and have a little fresh stuff. this is good their psychological comfort. and their taste. so it is really important to have the comforts of home up there in space and to eat something that is fresh instead ofjust reconstituted or you add water or you just heat it, so it is fresh so it should be really nice. in england you can buy that freeze—dried ice cream. it tastes kind of funny but i guess what they want in space is fresh food. where does this end? will they be able to roastjoints of meat in space, do barbecues? actually, they are doing an experiment to create artificial meat and we have experiments already to grow vegetables so we are growing lettuce and the astronauts
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get to taste that and they are happy when they get to taste that, something fresh, from home. we are already doing other kinds of things but this is the first cookie in space. now a look at the weather with nick miller. it was a stormy start to the weekend for some of us, with some nasty weather conditions for a time across parts of southern england, south wales, the isles of scilly, the channel islands. stormy seas. in terms of wind gusts, a very exposed weather station on the isle of wight, 109 mph. plymouth, 83 mph. 61 at guernsey. it's still going to be blustery for part two of the weekend for some of us, but we are not looking at stormy conditions. quite brisk winds with this low pressure towards the coast of south—west england and indeed northern scotland was quite windy. this is how we start the day. the wind is light across
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northern ireland, north—west wales, the midlands where we have had clear spells yjrtr of the night. but outbreaks of rain with showers running through parts of eastern england, and a lot of cloud in northern england with sum of seeing a bit of rain for a time, and further outbreaks of rain, the intensity easing across parts of northern and eastern scotland. another spell of rain running up through south—west england towards south wales later. these are average wind speeds. the winds will strengthen with this moving in with gusts of around a0 mph, similar to the far north of scotland. temperatures topping out at around 10—14 celsius but there will be some dry areas, some sunshine to be had in places. as we go on through sunday, low pressure makes another push, with this next spell running northwards through parts of england and wales, and showers reaching into northern ireland as well. with the risk of some heavier downpours and further rain pushing in across eastern scotland, so that looks quite heavy, but not particularly cold as we start monday. low pressure is in charge. quite blustery through
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parts of scotland, with an easterly wind coming in. again towards the south coast of england, more like a south—westerly. heavy showers across southern parts may come with a rumble of thunder. lots of cloud for northern england, northern ireland and scotland with outbreaks of rain towards the westernmost fringes of scotland. temperatures starting to come down a little bit in scotland, especially later in the day. then a more widespread, cooler feel on tuesday because we are dragging this air down from the north, with low pressure beginning to move away, some dry weather showers around across eastern parts. there is going to be a brief colder lull in the weather towards midweek, as we cool off across the uk. i'm afraid it will not be long before rain comes back later in the week.
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this is bbc news — the headlines:
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south africans have been celebrating their rugby team's crushing victory over england in the world cup final injapan. fans say the springboks' win has united the country more than any political party could — siya kolis is the first black man to captain the national side. a bomb explosion has ripped through tal abyad, a town in northern syria occupied by turkish forces. the turkish government has blamed the kurdish ypg militia group for the attack, which killed at least 13 people. no group has yet claimed responsibility for the deaths. the online property rental company, airbnb, is to ban bookings by guests who intend to use the accomodation for house parties. it follows the deaths of five people in san francisco, where a party ended in a shootout on halloween night. the company says screening of guests will be improved, you're up to date with the headlines.

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