this is bbc world news. i'm james reynolds. our top stories: a prominent indigenous leader is shot dead in a protected zone in the north of brazil — authorities blame illegal loggers. in the biggest turnout since conflict broke out — iraqi security forces disperse tens of thousands of anti—government protesters with tear gas and live ammunition. air bnb promises closer monitoring of potential guests after five people were killed at a halloween house party in san francisco. celebrations for south africans, after the springboks crush england in the rugby world cup — for many a victory that goes beyond the sport.
an indigenous brazilian activist who campaigned to protect the rain forest has been shot dead in what appears to have been a targeted killing. paulo gua ja jara had recently told journalists that he was scared about the situation in his reserve, where illegal loggers and miners were operating. indigenous groups have accused brazil's far right government of failing to protect them. bill hayton reports. this is the kind of direct action paulo guajajara was involved in — catching illegal loggers red—handed. in this incident, filmed in september, a group from his tribe intercepted a truck loaded with tree trunks and the tools of this illegal trade. with the nearest police station hundreds of kilometres away, members of the guajajara tribe feel this is the only way
to protect their land from destruction. the guardians of the forest, as they call themselves, say their home made weapons have cut illegal logging by half over the past decade. in an interview six weeks ago paulo guajajara said it was dangerous work. translation: i'm scared sometimes, but we have to lift up our heads and act. we are here fighting. but he said it was important to act now to preserve a future for his children. translation: we are protecting our land and the life on it, the animals, the birds, even the other tribes who are here, too. there is so much destruction of nature happening, good trees, with wood as hard as steel being cut down and ta ken away. brazil's justice minister described the killing as a grave crime and promised it would be investigated. but indigenous groups blame his government for the rising number of attacks by illegal loggers and miners. president bolsonaro has cut funding
for environmental agencies and indigenous rights groups since taking office injanuary. activists say tribes have no alternative but to try to protect themselves. deep in the forest, the fight goes on. bill hayton, bbc news. iraqi security forces have fired tear gas and live ammunition to disperse tens of thousands of anti—government protesters — in the biggest turnout since the conflict broke out a month ago. prime minister adil abdul mahdi has promised to resign. but protestors are demanding sweeping changes to the entire political system. freya cole has the details. in tahrir square, baghdad, a groundswell of government opposition. these pictures, captured by drones, show the scale of dissatisfaction with the country's political elite. the mass movement is the biggest
since the downfall of saddam hussein and it shows no sign of slowing down. iraqi security forces have flexed their military might since tensions boiled over a month ago. this young protester says soldiers are throwing tear gas bombs directly at their heads instead of the ground. it's just one of the causes of mass injury — and more than 250 people have been killed, many of them young men. this derelict tower block has become a central gathering place during the uprising. volunteers have restored power to the building and they are serving free food. while it offers a sense of community and security, the building is a key vantage point, and is under constant threat. translation: the security forces have tried more than once to remove us and take control of it. they used various kinds of violence and tear gas,
but they couldn't do it. we won't leave the building as it is looking over the tahrir square. iraqi prime minister adil abdul mahdi has vowed to resign if a replacement can be found, but protesters want much more. they're demanding sweeping changes to a political system which, they say, has left the majority of people without basic rights and prospects for a bright future. freya cole, bbc news. a bomb has exploded in a town in northern syria occupied by turkish forces, killing at least 13 people. the turkish defence ministry has blamed the kurdish ypg militia group for the attack in a region controlled until last month by the kurdish—led syrian democratic forces. no group has said it carried out the attack in tal abyad, which is close to the turkish border. here's the bbc‘s middle east analyst, alan johnston. the moments after the blast. in the smoke, amid the debris, they tried to take in
what's just happened. this was a car bomb that went off near a market. civilians were among the casualties, but also syrian—arab militiamen who are allied with the turkish military. the turks, in a major offensive, recently took this down from local kurdish fighters. turkey regards them as terrorists and it has been determined to drive them away from border areas like this. the turks have blamed the kurdish ypg militia for the bombing. the ypg hasn't responded to the accusation. tal abyad town is in its first days under turkish military control, but what's just happened suggests that making it secure might not be easy. alan johnston, bbc news.
body has a so bad since five have been killed, mpm. the ceo, tweeted that the company would its efforts to combat unauthorised parties and get rid of abusive host and guest conduct. our corresponded hazard it. for anyone who has not used airbnb, it's a website that allows people to go on and advertise their rooms or their houses for generally a short—term let, and other people can go on and rent them. but there have been some horror stories in the past. for example, there was a man who was banned from airbnb after renting a property
and cramming 250 people in it for a new year's eve party. and there have been many stories of houses being badly damaged by those who have rented them. and parties have been a big issue for the company for a very long time. but what has led them to act is a party that was thrown at a home in orinda, which is an affluent suburb in san francisco, last week. a woman rented the house, claiming she wanted to find a place to allow her asthmatic family to escape from the smoke from the california wildfires. in fact, she threw a halloween party in which 100 people turned up, and it descended into violence in which there where shootings and five people died in their 20s and their late teens. now, airbnb has said that is completely unacceptable and they say they are going to put in place new policies that will ban party houses. that might prove difficult to do, but brian chesky, who is the co—founder and chief executive officer of airbnb, has set out a number of things that they are going to do. he says they are going to create a dedicated party house rapid response team and that they are going to screen high—risk reservations, among other things. he's pretty blunt in these posts on twitter. he says, "we must do better and we will".
0ur washington correspondent chris buckler there. donald trump has been making another appearance at a sporting event — and once again he received a somewhat mixed response. there was some booing as he entered the mixed martial arts event at new york's madison square garden — although there was plenty of applause for the president too. it's the second time he has been booed at a sports event this week. baseball fans at a world series game in washington also shouted "lock him up". it's almost six decades since the brutal war of independence in algeria came to an end and france was forced to withdraw from its former north african colony. left behind were thousands of algerians who had chosen to fight on the side of the french army. they then faced brutal persecution.
0ur colleagues at witness history have been hearing from one algerian man, serge carel, who sided with the french, but was left to his own fate when the europeans went home. translation: the harki were local forces on the side of the french army in algeria's independence war. we gave everything for france. but what we didn't know was that france would abandon us. archive: as tension rises in french north africa, france arms her algerian supporters for defence against rebel raids. the prefect of the 0ran province personally hands out weapons to muslim recruits at nedroma, where hundreds are being enrolled daily. translation: i was about 17.5, 18 years old at the time.
you had to choose between france and the fln rebels. my father had been in the french army and had fought in world war i. my brothers were also in the french army, so i chose france. i was proud of what we did. proud of serving france. we were always sent out in front of the french troops. if there was an attack, the harki will be the first to die. we had to get rid of the fln fighters who were terrorising the population. we always knew that one day,
algeria would gain its independence. what general de gaulle should have done was take all the harki and their families to safety in france. but when independence was declared in 1962, the french disarmed the harki and left us defenceless. the fln took advantage of this and began to round us all up. they took me to a barracks where there were about 50 other harki prisoners. there was blood everywhere. they stripped me naked and started torturing me with electric shocks. each time a new group of soldiers came on shift, they began again.
the same thing, every day. the fln even made us dig our own graves. some people were thrown in alive, some were thrown into the river and the jackals did the rest. i was arrested onjuly the 8th, 1962, and i escaped on september the 10th, 1962. it took me a long time to feel welcome here in france. i decided to change my name and to convert to catholicism. i wanted to make a fresh start. i could say that i was born under a lucky star and that i am lucky. but not all the harki were so lucky, and that's the fault of france.
the story of serge carel from algeria. stay with us on bbc news — still to come: we'll tell you all about corduroy paul, a koala who survived the bushfires raging on australia's east coast. the israeli prime minister, yitzhak rabin, the architect of the middle east peace process, has been assassinated. a 27—year—old jewish man has been arrested, and an extremistjewish organisation has claimed responsibility for the killing. at polling booths throughout the country, they voted on a historic day for australia. as the results came in, it was clear. the monarchy would survive.
of the american hostages, there was no sign. they are being held somewhere inside the compound, and student leaders have threatened that should the americans attempt rescue, they will all die. this mission has surpassed all expectations. voyager1 is now the most distant man—made object anywhere in the universe, and itjust seems to keep on going. tonight, we proved once more that the true strength of our nation comes not from the might of our arms, or the scale of our wealth, but from the enduring power of our ideals. this is bbc news, the latest headlines: a prominent indigenous leader has been shot dead in a protected zone in the north of brazil — authorities are blaming illegal loggers. in the biggest turnout since the conflict broke out a month ago, iraqi security forces have dispersed tens of thousands of anti—government protesters
with tear gas and live ammunition. south africa are the rugby world cup champions for the third time in the tournament's history. the springboks took the title injapan, beating england 32—12 in the final, overpowering the english in the second half of the game. andrew harding reports from johannesburg. the final whistle, and across south africa, the sense of a nation coming together, celebrating more than just a rugby match. it means unity, it means unity to south africa. we have been needing this. so it wasjust an amazing atmosphere. really the peoples enjoying it, everybody together, south africa as one nation. this is actually something positive that we can actually celebrate as a country, and yeah, well done to the boks. after years of slow racial transformation, south africa finally has a rainbow team.
this is what we can do as a team when we decide on one goal and one dream and we give it our best, so thank you very much. cheering. it's 2a years since nelson mandela celebrated south africa's first rugby world cup victory, but that team was overwhelmingly white. today, captain siya kolisi has become a new symbol of hope and progress in a country still facing huge challenges. for years, the news from south africa has been relentlessly bad, corruption, inequality, a country losing its way. does today change that? of course not, but this victory is a reminder of the bigger picture of how much has changed here since the days of racial apartheid. this is, after all, a vibrant, young democracy with a world beating rugby team. andrew harding, bbc news, johannesburg.
attempts by ten asian countries to create the world's largest trading bloc have floundered at a summit in the thai capital, bangkok, over demands raised by india. leaders at the meeting of the association of southeast asian nations, or asean, will spend a second day on sunday trying to secure a trade deal backed by china and india. astronauts on board the international space station will soon have the chance to test their baking skills. a rocket carrying a cargo craft launched from the us state of virginia carrying nearly four tonnes of freight, including an oven and baking ingredients to make chocolate chip cookies. the scientific experiment will observe what affect the weightless conditions will have on the shape and consistency of the biscuits. dr ken kremer of space upclose told us how the oven would work. it is something really important for the astronauts. it is basically a cylinder with some eating elements, coiled around it. then they will put those cookies inside. it is going to
ta ke those cookies inside. it is going to take about an hour for the oven to heat up, half—an—hour for them to cook and then them call. it will ta ke cook and then them call. it will take quite a bit longer. how will they taste? that is the big question. will the astronauts actually taste them? well i can tell you, i actually have some of those cookies right here, that we got from the place that is sponsoring this experiment. they taste pretty good to me. how they will taste in space, we don't know. it is an experiment. and it is a good experiment. why we are doing this is because we want to bring the comforts of earth up to space. they will be up there, the astronauts, for quite some time and they don't want to eat reconstituted food. they want rest food. was this a request from the astronauts themselves, that they want chocolate chip cookies to bake themselves?”
don't think it is a request but the astronauts are always looking for improvements to the menu. what happened in this case was actually the zero g kitchen, they suggested it to nasa and nasa accepted it and worked with this team zero g cookies. the astronauts are always looking for something good to eat just like you and i are. how important is good food to astronauts important is good food to astronauts in space? well, i am glad you asked that. it is really critical. do you wa nt to that. it is really critical. do you want to eat meals ready to eat every day? you want a little in variety, a little bit fresh. this is good for their psychological comfort and taste so it is really important to have the comforts of home up there in space and eat something that's fresh instead of reconstituted or
you add water or you just eat it. so it is fresh so it should be really nice. here in england, you can go and buy that freeze—dried ice cream. it taste kind of funny but i guess what they really want in space is fresh food. where does this end? are they going to be able to roast joints of meat in space? maybe they could do barbecues. actually, they are doing an experiment to create artificial meat and we already have experiments to grow vegetables. the veggie experiment is already up there. we are growing letters and there. we are growing letters and the astronauts get to taste that and believe me, they are happy when they get to taste something fresh from home. so we are already doing other kinds of things but this is the first cookie in space. a little bit of breaking news we're getting from the news agency. the el salvador government is expelling all of venezuela's somatic core. el salvador gives the call 48 hours to leave the country. that is according to reuters, a statement released by el salvador. to put it into context,
since earlier this year, they have been rival governments in venezuela, the government of nicolas maduro and the government of nicolas maduro and the opposition announced itself, led by kung widodo. a lot of consonants in —— countries in south america have had to recognise either maduro oi’ have had to recognise either maduro or guaido. we will bring more on that when we get it. the world —famous caves in the northern province of chiang rai in thailand have officially re—opened to tourists. they had been closed to visitors since the wild boars football team and their coach were rescued alive last year — after nearly three weeks trapped inside. tiffany sweeney reports. tourists in thailand have entered the tham luang cave for the first time since the dramatic rescue that captivated the world. over a year ago, 12 boys entered the vast cave in northern thailand with their football coach to relax after training.
a trip that went horribly wrong. flooding left the team trapped inside the cave for 17 days. they were eventually freed in an international rescue effort that involved more than 90 divers. more than1 million people have visited the cave in the past year, but they have not been allowed to go inside. translation: we have been gradually improving this area. today is one of new beginnings. we're now in a trial phase to see how many tourists we can take into and out of the cave. at the moment, we think we can safely control the entrance of the cave and, therefore, we opened it for visitors to come and see. the world—famous cave reopening has attracted 2,000 tourists in a single day. translation: it's fascinating. it's a total miracle that the boys were trapped inside the cave and they were still unharmed. i think it's to do with their luck. the death of a former thai navy seal and rescue volunteer who ran out of air while returning through the caves highlighted just how dangerous the mission was.
a year later, the boys have had their story detailed in books, documentaries, and have secured the rights to a netflix series. tiffany sweeney, bbc news. as wildfires have raged across parts of eastern australia, there have been concerns over the fate of hundreds of koalas. many are believed to have died in the flames, centred around 400km north of sydney. but, as the bbc‘s tim allman reports, there have been some survivors. his name, for reasons unexplained, is corduroy paul, and he's been very, very lucky indeed. he was found curled up in a ball, dehydrated and clinging to life. along with another koala called anwin, corduroy paul survived the fires that have ravaged his habitat. thousands of hectares of land destroyed, trees and foliage turned to ash. koalas are especially vulnerable, often defenceless in the face of the flames.
it's just gone straight through and very little would actually survive in there unscathed. wallabies, kangaroos, deer can get out because they can run, but koalas just really can't. in the last few days, sydney has been shrouded in smoke. the strong winds have fanned dozens of bushfires. they are an annual occurrence, but they have come unusually early this year. there are no reports so far of any injuries, to people, at least, but the scale of what's happening is frightening, nonetheless. very scary. we've been clearing out as much as we can of leaf litter and stuff like that, but what else can you do? this whole area is home to a very rare, genetically diverse koala population. as these fires recede, they will look to see how many remain. corduroy paul may have survived but for others, it could well be a different story.
tim allman, bbc news. please, do stay with bbc news. hello there. that was a stormy start to the weekend for some of us, particularly into southern england, south wales, the isles of scilly, into the channel islands as well. very stormy seas here. we saw some really high wind gusts on the isle of wight — it's a very exposed weather station. still 109 mph. 83 mph at plymouth, 61 at guernsey. now, it's still quite blustery in the day ahead but it's going to be nowhere near as stormy as saturday was. it is still low pressure in control. so fairly brisk winds still around some of the coasts of south—west england and in northern scotland, where saturday was quite windy as well. now, there is a bit of wet weather to be had too. this is how we start the day — a few fog patches where the winds are light, actually, through northern ireland and parts of north—west england, wales and the midlands, where you've had some clear spells overnight. but outbreaks of rain —
well, a few and showers running through parts of eastern england to begin with. a lot of cloud in northern england with some of us seeing a bit of rain for a time. and further outbreaks of rain though, the intensity easing across parts of northern and eastern scotland. another spell of rain running up through south—west england towards south wales later on. these are average wind speeds. the winds will start to strengthen again with this moving in, but some gusts of around 40 mph. similar sort of gusts into the far north of scotland. as for those temperatures, we top out at around 10—14 celsius. and again, there will be some drier areas, some sunshine to be had in places. but as we go through sunday night, low pressure makes another push at us with this next spell of rain running northwards through parts of england and wales. a few showers reaching into northern ireland as well. the risk of some heavier downpours here. and further rain pushing in across eastern scotland. some of that looks quite heavy.
nowhere particularly cold as we start the day on monday. and very clearly, low pressure is in charge. it will be quite blustery through parts of scotland with an easterly wind coming in here. again, towards the south coast of england, it's more like a southerly or south—westerly wind. heavy showers across southern parts may come with a rumble of thunder. a lot of cloud for northern england, northern ireland and scotland with some outbreaks of rain, though not too much of that towards westernmost fringes of scotland. your temperatures starting to fall a little bit, particularly in scotland, especially later in the day. then more widespread, a cooler feel on tuesday, because you notice here, we're dragging this air down from the north. low pressure beginning to move away. some drier weather, still with a few showers around, particularly across eastern parts. and there is going to be a brief, colder lull in the weather towards midweek as we cool off right across the uk. but i'm afraid it will not be long before rain comes back in from the atlantic later in the week.
this is bbc news, the headlines: an indigenous brazilian has been killed inside a protected area in the north of the country. community leaders say paulo guajajara was shot in the head by a logger who had invaded a reservation. the logger was shot and killed in the clash. iraqi security forces have fired tear gas and rounds of live ammunition to disperse tens of thousands of anti—government demonstrators — in the biggest turnout since the conflict broke out a month ago. protesters are demanding sweeping changes to the country's political system. the online property rental company, airbnb, is to ban bookings by guests who intend to use the accomodation for house parties. it follows the deaths of five people in san francisco, where a party ended in a shootout on halloween night. the company says screening of customers will be improved,