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tv   The Travel Show  BBC News  November 9, 2019 10:30am-11:01am GMT

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north the north largely dry with clear spells, it will be a chilly night year, temperatures in scotland easily down to minus for degrees. showery rain to clear away in the south first thing, but essentially, for remembrance sunday, it is a fine day, long spells of sunshine but still feeling chilly. highs of 6-11dc.
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hello, this is bbc news. the headlines. the conservatives lay out plans to train and employ thousands more gps, despite failing to meet a previous recruitment target. labour and the liberal democrats promise to fund more hours of free child care — but providers criticise them for not thinking through how they'll be paid for. the environment agency urges people to stay away from riverbanks in areas where more than 50 flood warnings are in place, including seven severe warnings, meaning there's a threat to life. ceremonies are taking place in germany to mark 30 years since the fall of the berlin wall.
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india's supreme court rules that the disputed holy site of ayodhya should be given to hindus who want a temple built there. catastrophic bushfires in eastern australia kill at least three people and force thousands from their homes. now, it's time for the travel show. ade adepitan is in germany as it marks 30 years since the fall of the berlin wall. this week on the travel show, i find out how punk helped to end the cold war. also on this weekend's special programme, we are off to bulgaria
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to visit an iconic relic of its communist past. powerful, powerful architecture. and we meet the people in latvia recreating a good night out, eastern block style. wow! i think that will warm me up!
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this weekend marks the 30th anniversary of the fall of the berlin wall, back in november 1989. poland was the first eastern bloc country to turn its back on communism, earlier that year. but those iconic images of the wall coming down here in berlin really did confirm that the cold war in europe was coming to an end. on the evening of november 9th, 1989, the whole world watched the destruction of the berlin wall. a structure that divided notjust the city, but families, nations, and superpowers. stretching over 80 miles, the wall was built to
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divide the communist east and the capitalist west. today, only small sections of it still remain, and crossing it is no trouble at all. many cultural and political factors contributed to the destruction of the wall, but few captured the mood of the time as much as music. in the west, megastars like david bowie and bruce springsteen both played protest gigs by the partition. but in the east, under the watchful eye of the secret police, an underground scene was forming. it was angry, it was anarchic, and it was a breakaway from control. it was punk music.
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chaos was the front man for wuta nfall. one of the scene's top bands. east germany's secret police, the stasi, regularly targeted defiant anti—authoritarian punks.
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on multiple occasions, chaos was imprisoned and brutally beaten. back then, the intense scrutiny of the stasi meant that gigs often had to be held in the unlikeliest of locations. this is the place. wow, this is pretty spectacular. yeah, it's a church.
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i can't imagine hundreds of punks coming to a church for a concert. yeah, with hundreds of beer. what was the vibe and the energy like in here?
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when you think about those times, those difficult times during the gdr, where you were intimidated, by the stasi and the problems that you had amongst the people in the streets, would you do it again? absolutely. punk was the soundtrack to an era of mounting defiance against the gdr, an era that culminated with the destruction of the wall. now, 30 years on, this underground history is finally surfacing. in the aptly named punk bar, the church from underground,
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a band is rehearsing for 0st art, a two day festival taking place this weekend designed to pay tribute to the subculture that provided a lifeline for so many. 0st art is a festival in berlin in honour of the anniversary of the fall of the berlin wall. a good chance to get the younger people in touch with the history we had. it's not like i have to read some books or whatever, you can feel it. for me, the real punks were in the gdr, not in the west, because they really had to deal with repression, police, and it was really a big thing to do this. the stakes were much higher for the punks in the gdr. yeah. today has been really surprising.
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it makes me think of what it must have been like in this city on the night that the berlin wall came down, the energy that must have crackled through it, and how much of that energy was driven by punk music. but what else is also cool is the fact that the next generation here are putting on events like the 0st art festival, which is helping to keep the memory alive of that counterculture, the counterculture of punk music that had to fight this weekend, there are dozens of anniversary events taking place all over berlin, but if you are planning a trip later than that, don't worry, because there is still plenty of things to see and do. at the new timeride berlin,
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you have a chance to go through the recreated city stopper you can board a bus all the way back to the 1980s, taking in gdr landmarks like checkpoint charlie, and the old parliament, the palace of the republic. or you can explore some of the incredible tunnels that helped over 300 east berliners escape under the wall. the berliner unterwelt museum hosts exhibits and talks but being underground, the accessibility is limited. november also sees the planned completion of the berlin handshake project, a collection of almost 11,000 clay moulds, one for each day since the wall came down. the berlin handshake project is shown at the documentation centre at the bernauer strasse. it's bringing two people together and asking them to shake hands,
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and in this handshake we put a ball of clay. your other hand, you can also squeeze. out of 11,000 of these handshakes we build a wall of unification. we have the prototype here, and in the future there will also be something outside that you can see. still to come on the travel show... coming up, we've got more from two former eastern bloc countries who are forging a new future 30 years on, but still remember their past. so don't go away.
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if you come to berlin, you'll find some parts of the berlin wall standing, and being used as backdrops for tourist selfies, but across the former eastern bloc there are other buildings and structures that nobody quite knows what to do with — maybe because their history is still too raw and some countries are not so comfortable confronting their past. a few years ago, we sent mike to bulgaria to take a look around an iconic building that was left abandoned when the communist regime collapsed. i am excited! it's been a long time that i wanted to come here. wow, it's massive, isn't it? at 70 metres high and 60 metres wide, it looks out across the balkan mountains.
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completed in 1981, it was built as a national monument to glorify the communist party. it's here because this was the birthplace of the bulgarian socialist movement. this is powerful... powerful architecture. following the collapse of the regime, the building was abandoned, and later shut off to the public as it fell into disrepair. recently, the only people to have seen inside have been a select group of photo hungry urban explorers who have broken in illegally. this is a really big deal today, the travel show is the first international tv crew to be allowed in the front doors, so we are very excited and very lucky to be able to do so. and now is the time. ready? wow! me first? you are welcome.
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it has seen better days, hasn't it? definitely. it cost the equivalent of $35 million in today's money to build it. since it was abandoned, the years, they haven't been kind. it's incredible. there is some work to do, obviously. but it is still very impressive. look the mosaics on top. there is the symbol of communism, actually, the hammer and sickle. and you can read around it. workers of the world unite. the entire perimeter is also covered in mosaic. we have actually more than 1,000 square metres of mosaic inside. out of all of these, which is your favourite? over there, the dragon.
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the dragon represents capitalism, monarchy and fascism, all the enemies of communism, and it is defeated by the communist people. when the monument opened, thousands came from all over the country to marvel at its beauty. there were sound and light shows, and talks from well known communist artists and poets. one person who remembers that time well is bedros azinyan. he and his father were official photographers for the building. you were here and you saw this ruinous building when it was at its best. what was that like? really, all that is left
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is the mosaics and the mosaic on the ceiling. here and here. the rest, all over this white, is now gone. what do you feel seeing what it's become? time could be running out for buzludzha. if the roof collapses, the walls will go too, and the building will be lost. there is now an urgent debate about what exactly to do with the monument. those who remember the repressions and the hardships of the communist era would like to see it destroyed. others want to restore it to its former glory. but dora is working on a proposal
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to preserve it as a museum, a place where bulgarians can remember the past. it was built to glorify the communist ideal. we don't want to do that these days. we just want to know the history, to understand why it was built. but if we keep it intact, and leave the symbols in their present condition, i think this will be much more powerful and meaningful for the next generation to understand. it will be a symbol of much more than just what it was, communism. it is more a symbol of bulgaria and the ups and downs and what the country has been through. there is no doubt that this is a controversial but very powerful and iconic building. and because of that alone, to me, it feels worth preserving in whatever form. but ultimately, it is down to bulgaria itself to work out how it remembers its past, going into the future. well, to finish this week, we are off to latvia.
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it is a country that turned its back on the old soviet union, and won its independence back in 1990. but although it successfully made the transition from communism to capitalism, some people are still kind of nostalgic for certain elements of the old days, as christa found out when she visited the capital, riga, earlier this year. the russian bear still projects its shadow over the tiny country. but it is also part of its dna. about one in four latvians are ethnic russian. and imants is one of them. a few years ago he opened a bar for those nostalgic for their youth under the soviet regime.
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and it had to include one of the latvia's most popular games, novuss. show me? i must hit that one, and hit those into the pockets? this will be embarrassing, wait for this. yeah! i will leave it to the professionals. so we've got all sorts of soviet goodies here, that used to be served up
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during that era. we've got salami, cheese, herring and sprat with egg, all served on bread. it used to come like this. you would order 100ml of vodka, and one of these snacks would come as standard, just to make sure you didn't get too drunk. in 1991, the soviet union collapsed and latvia regained its independence. finally enjoying the freedom to travel and settle abroad, many young latvians chose to leave. riga has lost almost a third of its population since independence. a consequence of this exodus is that it has left an extraordinary number of buildings across the city empty, like this one, a former ambulance depot. but one group of activists is trying to change this. i was one of the founders of this initiative, in 2013. working with owners and the municipality,
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free riga turns derelict buildings into social and cultural venues. so what do we have here now? so, this is a street food place, and over there there is a bar with a concert of venue. then there is co—working. there are artists‘ residences. you've got everything here! what don't you have here? hotel. no hotel here? so, tell me about some of the events you hold here, mostly during the summer, i guess? it is a bit cold at the moment. there are all kinds of activities, starting from concerts, exhibitions, workshops, the building looks a little bit rough. the atmosphere is more, how you say, not rough... more informal? easy—going. more informal, exactly. maybe this will become
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a new berlin or something. going into the bar next door, there is definitely a berliner vibe in the air, only the drinks are local. could i have a black balsam, please? a very little one. sure. wow! well, i think that will warm me up. it is actually not too bad! sadly, that's your lot for this week. don't forget, you can follow us on social media, to keep up with us on all our adventures. but until next time, from me and all the travel show team here in berlin, it is auf wiedershen.
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hello there. lots of different types of weather across the uk today. it was a frosty, foggy start for some of us. there is some rain around as well, and not only rain, over high ground, there is likely to be some sleet and snow mixing in at times. there are places that could do without any more rain, parts of northern england and the midlands, where there has been significant flooding. there are still flood warnings in force, read about those on our website but the rain through today is affecting slightly different areas. this is the early radar picture, very wet across the east of northern ireland, rain spreading into western england and wales and through the afternoon, setting in across parts of central
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and southern england, there could be enough rain here to cause transport problems, perhaps some localised flooding. it stays damp through the midlands, wales and northwest england, and over the highest ground there will be sleet and snow mixing in. above 250 metres or so in wales, there could be a covering of snow. it stays wet for northern ireland, the rain could cause problems for eastern counties in northern ireland. for scotland, a lot of dry weather and some sunshine, but a speckling of showers for northern and eastern areas and these will be wintry over high ground. as we head towards the end of the afternoon, the rain continues across the southern counties of england so there could be enough rain to cause problems here. they will start to pull away south through the night. damp weather for a time through the midlands and wales, over high ground the odd flake of snow, but for northern ireland, northern england and scotland, a dry night with clear, starry skies overhead so another cold one, minus 5 degrees easily across scotland. not as cold further south because here we will still have the cloud and showery rain
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which will clear slowly during the morning but it should be gone by the time we get to remembrance sunday commemorations at 11 o'clock. plenty of sunshine to be had through the day, not a bad day at all. some showers for northern and eastern coasts, more rain into northern ireland later and temperature—wise, 6—11 degrees, but the rain eventually spreading to northern ireland associated with this atlantic frontal system. that will sweep its way through. some snow over high ground in the north, there could be significant snowfall over the highest ground. the wet weather should clear away east into monday morning, and then it is a day of sunny spells, and showers, heavy, thundery, wintry showers in the north with top temperatures of 6—12 degrees.
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this is bbc news. the headlines at 11am. the conservatives lay out plans to train and employ thousands more gps, despite failing to meet a previous recruitment target. labour and the liberal democrats promise to fund more hours of free child care, but providers criticise them for not thinking through how they'll be paid for. the environment agency urges people to stay away from river banks in areas where more than 50 flood warnings are in place, including seven severe warnings, meaning there's a threat to life. ceremonies are taking place in germany, to mark 30 years since the fall of the berlin wall. translation: i remember you, the people who found their death at this wall looking for freedom.


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