you are watching newsday on the bbc. i'm sharanjit leyl in singapore. the headlines: a state of emergency is declared in new south wales and now queensland, with warnings that bushfires in australia could pose a catastrophic threat to sydney. bolivia's president evo morales announces his resignation after weeks of protests over last month's disputed elections. i'm ben bland in london. also in the programme: cyclone bulbul rips through coastal areas of bangladesh and india, killing at least 13 people and forcing more than two million out of their homes. living with hiv in pakistan — we find out how families are coping in a part of the country where infection rates are growing.
live from our studios in singapore and london, this is bbc world news — it's newsday. good morning. it's 8:00am in singapore, midnight in london, and 11:00am in australia — where a state of emergency has been declared in new south wales and now also queensland. dozens of bushfires continue to burn in the region. earlier, authorities issued the highest level of warning in some areas — known as catastrophic — for the first time since new fire warnings were introduced a decade ago. for more here's the bbc‘s phil mercer in sydney. well, we have heard that 850,000 pairs of bushland has been burnt in new south wales since the start of
this year's fire season —— hectares. so that is a huge area of land. today we have heard that both new south wales and queensland have declared a state of emergency. what that does, gives the fire authorities greater powers to protect life and property. so that just gives you an indication as to how serious this is. dozens of fires are burning in both eastern states and the forecast for tomorrow here in new south wales is pretty bad. the authorities in sydney, near sydney, say that catastrophic conditions are expected around the syd ney conditions are expected around the sydney region, in the blue mountains and the hunter valley to the north. so the authorities are warning people in bushfire prone areas to leave as soon as they can because they can't guarantee that if people call for help when the fires are at their worst that the authorities
will be able to respond. indeed. how stretched are the resources now in new south wales and queensland? are they able to hold back these fires? well, many of these fires are burning uncontrolled. so what the authorities are doing, it's almost like a military style operation. they are having to strategically plan to protect life and property as best they can. now, hundreds of firefighters are on the ground. they are being supported by a squadron of water bombing aircraft. weary firefighters, once again, having to fight fires today before the onslaught expected tomorrow. new zealand has sent in reinforcements for australia and there is a discussion between fire authorities here and their counterparts in the united states and canada, too, about perhaps getting reinforcements from there as well. and once again that
gives you an indication just how serious it is, just how thinly this emergency line is being stretched with so many fires and the forecast being so grim for the next 24—48 hours. phil mercer therefore a sin city. iamjoined by i am joined by the headquarters of the new south wales rural fire service, their spokesman jen —— the new south wales rural fire service, their spokesmanjen —— ben shepherd. we heard that the next 24-48 shepherd. we heard that the next 24—48 hours could put a real strain on firefighting efforts. what is being done to get ready for that? yeah, obviously this time, this is where the community will have to play a substantial role. we are talking about an area that stretches from one border to another. so thousands of kilometres that are potentially at risk here. so we are actually asking for the public to ensure that they know what they are going to do if threatened by fire. but in many areas we will ask the public to move out of those areas into city environments to remove
them from that. we are looking at incredibly dangerous conditions of the next 48 hours. the worst thing is behind that we're seeing really any reprieve. we might see some reduction in the fire behaviour and the fire risk. but there's no rainfall on the horizon. these could still burn for days, weeks, if not months. now there is this morning that there could be catastrophic consequences for urban centres like sydney, where are people going to go? it is mostly for the fringes of syd ney go? it is mostly for the fringes of sydney itself. so it is moving into more densely populated areas, actually into the city. sydney is surrounded by national parks and bushland is and there are communities that actually stretch into those. so that the actual notification of the advice is for those communities in what we know is bushfire prone land. so we want we bear —— we want them to move out of it but it was part of the day. under these conditions fires will start incredibly quickly and move rapidly. we don't want people in the path of them because there is the potential
for them to be killed. and we have heard measures could include firefighters coming across from new zealand, other parts of australia, even the military, perhaps, stepping into help. so the military can actually help us here in moving people around, obviously, and also logistical support. at those other firefighters from other states, they are moving into help. but we have got problems obviously in other states as well. look, this is a massive effort and unfortunately we have a ready seen a khuzdar to this fire season. currently there are some 970,000 hectares of bushland that has motor is currently burning. at this stage, without any significant rain on the forecast this will be a long and protracted period of fire activity and that is why we are asking for is a —— community support at this time. and there is, annually, a season where these fires tend to happen. just wonder is this something that your firefighting teams are used to or is it particularly bad this time around? there is no doubt that the
fire danger ‘s we will see in and around sydney is unprecedented. it has been an incredibly long season already. we started seeing fires during winter. we are seeing those brea ks during winter. we are seeing those breaks now between fire season ‘s start to shorten. but, look, our volu nteers start to shorten. but, look, our volunteers along with other fire agency stand ready to actually fight these fires will stop some of them are very tired. but we need to ensure that we continue to step up. we have good support. we know this isa we have good support. we know this is a long battle stop but, look, the community is deftly helping us with that as well by keeping well—prepared that as well by keeping well—prepa red and well that as well by keeping well—prepared and well informed. that as well by keeping well-prepared and well informed. ben shepherd from the new south wales rural fire service. thank you very much indeed. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. the president of bolivia has resigned following the turmoil after his disputed re—election last month. in a televised address, evo morales described attempts to force him from power as a coup. he's been under pressure to step down — the head of the armed forces had called on him to leave.
mexico's foreign minister has offered evo morales aslyum if he so chooses. this was the scene outside the government palace in la paz a short time ago — crowds began to gather as as news of his resignation emerged. protests against mr morales had been turning increasingly violent. you can find more details and analysis online from katy watson. in the meantime, monica machicao of the reuters news agency is in la paz. the question in my mind, who is in charge? well, since the person that was going to be in charge is from the opposition. she is the second vice president of the senate. she is the one that will take ever morales‘s placed darting tomorrow ——
placed darting. what is the reaction. you have been around two to. how have people been reacting to this decision by the president? after 90 days of peaceful protest, mostly, people have reacted joyfully. there are people in the streets wrapped with bolivian flags. they are making a lot of noises with the cars. they went downtown to express their joy. this the cars. they went downtown to express theirjoy. this has been a very long fight for most bolivians. you have to understand that most of the population in the country has been blockaded, basically. nojobs, no public offices were open. things we re no public offices were open. things were really working very slowly. so now everybody thinks things might get to normal as soon as the congress decides what will be the steps to follow in order to get a
second election, another election. and what you think it was, in the end, that brought things to this point? as you said, the process have been going on for some time now. what was it in the end that led the president to decide it was time for him to go? well, there was a loss of violence that was mainly provoked by ever morales‘s followers. and all of this violence ended up with four people have died and more than 300 injured. and somehow police and somehow the armed forces decided to stay with the people, respect people's will. and this is how things have developed. this is why evo morales could not keep the presidency. what in your view of the most important, what are the crucial next steps in the immediate aftermath of the president stepping down for bolivia to move on and also
to maintain stability and? probably the steps that we will follow will be constitutional. the congress has together and they have to accept the resignation of president morales and other officers. they have two make a new president and constitutionally she has to call another election. which is basically what they said today in the preliminary report. they said there were so many doubts and they had committed 70 crimes in the country because the electoral fraud is a crime in this country —— so fraud is a crime in this country —— so many crimes. so they have to do renew, they have to call for elections. and that is the way, believe, that things will come down. in fact, people in the streets are not moving right now. they said they are going to follow the vigil until
these results are accomplished. 0k, monica machicao from the rotors newsagency joining monica machicao from the rotors newsagencyjoining us live from la paz. thank you very much indeed. also making news today. police have fired tear gas and water cannon at protesters in hong kong, during the 24th weekend of anti—government unrest. pro—democracy activists blocked roads and vandalized
shopping malls across hong kong's new territories and kowloon peninsula. violence also spilt out onto the streets of tuen mun, with running battles between riot police and protesters. an investigation has been launched into whether apple's credit card discriminates against women, by offering them lower credit limits. it follows complaints, including from apple's co—founder steve wozniak, that algorithms used to set limits might be inherently biased. the card is run by the investment bank goldman sachs — they say credit decisions are not made on factors like gender. chinese e—commerce giant alibaba says sales for its annual singles‘ day shopping blitz hit $13 billion within the first hour.
that's up nearly one—third on last year. the sale began at midnight after a performance by american pop star taylor swift and local celebrities in shanghai. singles‘ day was once a celebration for china's lonely hearts. but it has become a 24—hour extravaganza that outsells the combined sales of the
american black friday and cyber monday. and we'll have more on asian business report following newsday. the leader of spain's socialist party says he will call all other party leaders on monday to get them to tackle the political stalemate after the country's fourth election in four years again delivered a hung parliament. pedro sanchez‘s party will remain the largest — just as in april's poll. there's been substantial gains for both the conservative popular party, which is the second biggest party, with the right—wing populist vox party surging to third. 0ur correspondentjenny hill
reports from madrid. it's four years since spain had a sta ble it's four years since spain had a stable government. can this man deliver one? pedro sanchez knows the eyes of the world are on him. his socialist party failed to win a majority in april and he's done no better this time. "what spain is now," he told reporters, "is stability." he won't find it in catalonia. the independence crisis has exploded into violence in recent weeks and dominated this election. take the far right. campaigning to crack down on separatists. the
anti—immigrant party vox has made significant gains. it will complicate coalition building. it's been‘s struggling under the burden of high unemployment and slowing economic growth —— but spain's struggling. this religious festival, comfort for some, but it's the fourth time the country has gone to the polls in four years. many are losing faith in spanish democracy. the polls in four years. many are losing faith in spanish democracylj think losing faith in spanish democracy.” think that it's not ok when you have a vote in april and now in november. are you voting another time? translation: i am worried about the stability of the country. i'm worried about the economy. and i'm worried about the economy. and i'm worried about the economy. and i'm worried about catalonia. spain's socialist party headquarters, as the results came in. weeks of negotiation could lie ahead. what they, what this country fear most, ongoing political paralysis. jenny
hill, bbc news, madrid. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: the true extent of the devastation caused by cyclone bulbul is yet to emerge, as 13 people are killed in india and bangladesh and two million are forced into emergency shelters. also on the programme: living with hiv in pakistan. with hundreds of children infected, we visit their families to see how they're coping. the bombastic establishment outsider, donald trump, has defied the pollsters to take the keys to the oval office. i feel great about the election result. i voted for him because i genuinely believe that he cares about the country. it's keeping the candidate's name always in the public eye that counts. success or failure depends not only on public display, but on the local campaign headquarters and the heavy routine work
of their women volunteers. berliners from both east and west linked hands and danced around their liberated territory. and with nobody to stop them, it wasn't long before the first attempts were made to destroy the structure itself. yasser arafat, who dominated the palestinian cause for so long, has died. palestinian authority has declared a state of mourning. after 17 years of discussion, the result was greeted with an outburst ofjoy. women ministers who'd long felt only grudgingly accepted in the ranks of clergy suddenly felt welcomed. this is newsday on the bbc. our top stories: new south wales in australia declares a state of emergency with warnings bushfires spreading across the country could pose a "catastrophic" threat to sydney.
bolivia's president, evo morales, announces his resignation after weeks of protests over last month's disputed elections. and some breaking news, hong kong media reporting have shot a protester in the chest. protesters have been blocking routes across the territory, causing disruption to the morning commute. the incident was livestreamed on facebook. that is just coming into us, and of course we will bring you more when we have it on bbc news. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. the international edition of the financial times reports on proposed reforms at the european central bank, as christine lagarde takes over. senior figures at the bank are said to want more involvement in key policy making decisions such as setting interest rates. the philippines star reports
on the ongoing war on drugs in the country which is now being spearheaded by vice president leni robredo. the country's human rights commission is said to have requested documents relating to the government's new efforts in the campaign against drugs. in britain, the daily telegraph reports on possible improvements to alexa, also known as the amazon echo. that could include developing eyes and the ability to walk! the paper has interviewed a senior scientist involved with the popular device. now, what stories are sparking discussions online? yes, let's look at what is trending right now. lots of interest in the english premier league today, specifically the heavyweight contest between title contenders liverpool and manchester city.
the reds won it 3—1, which puts them eight points clear at the top of the table. current champions manchester city are just fourth in the league. at least 13 people have been killed after cyclone bulbul struck the coasts of india and bangladesh. seven people died in india's west bengal province, and six in bangladesh, mainly because of falling trees. parvin kumar ramchurn reports. the cyclone has caused widespread damage to coastal areas in bangladesh. 0fficials damage to coastal areas in bangladesh. officials say at least 6000 homes have been partially or fully destroyed. prompt evacuations are thought to have saved many lives. as many as 2 million people left their homes unsought protection and emergency shelters. but not everybody was able to get out before the cyclone made landfall. translation: we didn't go to the cyclone shoulder because my mother is an elderly woman, and we couldn't move her. allah saved us. when we
returned from the cyclone shoulder we found our cattle were squashed under the fallen house, and everything is ruined. —— shelter. the true extent of the disaster is still emerging. authorities say they are concerned about fishing boats that went out during bad weather and failed to make contact. at its peak, the cyclone recorded wind speeds of 120 kilometres an hour. it is expected to weaken as it travels north over the signed arbenz, the world's largest mangrove forest. —— sundarbarns. services that seaports and airports in the region have also been affected. in neighbouring india, the military has been put on standby to help in emergencies. in may this year, pakistan was shaken after it emerged that large numbers of people in just one region had been infected with hiv. within six months, about 1,200 people in the sindh province in the southeast of the country were declared hiv positive. nearly 900 of them were children and the number of infected people is constantly growing. the bbc‘s shumaila jaffery travelled to the region to find out how the affected families are coping.
they are frightened and traumatised. a few months ago, in the small village of ratto dero, 32 children we re village of ratto dero, 32 children were found to be hiv positive. the community is still reeling with horror. translation: our children's lives are at stake. power they going to cope with this disease? people hate them. people even discriminate against us. they ask us not to shake hands and not to visit their houses because they fear that they will also get sick. a massive screening was carried out in the whole district of larkana, in southern pakistan. 1100 people were found hiv positive. more than 800 of them were children under the age of 12. with no family history of the disease. this used to be the busiest
paediatric clinic in the area before the outbreak. it is sealed now, and the outbreak. it is sealed now, and the doctor who was running it is under trial. the initial enquiry report suggested that he was one of the main sources of spreading hiv among children. a charge that he denies. this doctor, who is himself hiv positive, was accused of reusing syringes on children. he was soon arrested, but was later cleared of the charge of spreading hiv on purpose. he was released on bail and says he is innocent. translation: health officials were under a lot of pressure to cover up their incompetency, they needed a scapegoat, and they made me one. and it was also jealousy. my practice was popular, so some doctors and journalists made this up. but health officials now say that doctor
ghangro is unlikely to be the sole cause of the outbreak. according to a government report, local doctors reusing syringes and iv needles are to blame. and the government admits that what happened in the larkana district was a wake—up call. that what happened in the larkana district was a wake-up call. doctors often don't think about the well—being of their patients. they give them injections even when they are not required, as a quick fix. and that's not the only issue. 0ne of the biggest barriers to —containing hiv in pakistan is the strong stigma around the disease. keeping quiet about things doesn't make them go away. so this time it is very important that we address this outbreak in a proper way and ta ke this outbreak in a proper way and take action, which is sustained. the government is trying to address this. for example, they are looking to introduce autolock syringes,
disposable devices that self—destruct and cannot be reused. but poor practices are deeply rooted in the pakistani medical system. and will take a long time to resolve. and in the meantime, a whole generation and larkana will spend the rest of their lives living with hiv. you have been watching newsday. coming up, we will have more on alibaba's 24—hour shopping extravaganza, with deals and discounts galore and performances by top artists. alibaba looks set to rake in some "taylor—made" sales. very good, i see what you did there. i don't know about you but i try not to even log onto these things,
because i end up buying stuff i don't actually need or want. well, the discounts are always good. just go for it. that's all for now. stay with bbc world news. there is more wet weather sweeping across the uk at the moment, don't be fooled by sunday's sunshine. there is more rain on the way this week, and two areas that really don't want any more. this is how the jet stream is looking this week. it is taking aim at the uk. it is on week. it is taking aim at the uk. it isona week. it is taking aim at the uk. it is on a more southerly track than it might be at this time of year, nestled within these steps, we find areas of low pressure bringing wet weather, and the uk is staying on the northern side of the jet stream. and that means in the cold hour. it is actually week to come. so this is what we can expect this week, from this weather pattern. i am afraid low pressure will be around with further rain at times. cold enough for some hill snow. it will often be windy, low pressure, temperature is
below average and frost occasionally overnight. and this is how we are starting the day. a wintry start to the day across northern parts of scotland. we have seen somewhat throughout the throughout the night, the bulk of that clearing away. it has delivered some snow to relatively modest hills north of the central in scotland, so could be quite tricky over some of the higher rates first thing. the bulk of the other night wet weather just clearing away from eastern parts of england. could be gusty winds with that, as it clears. then following on behind, yes, brighterskies, sunny spells around, but there are these showers, most frequent towards these showers, most frequent towards the north—west of the uk. heavy, thundery, wintry on hills, could see some hail as well. pushed in on brisk north—westerly winds, some will travel all the way east and south across the uk, but relatively few across southern and eastern parts. so in the afternoon, more on the way of dry and sunny weather to be found here. temperatures for the most pa rt be found here. temperatures for the most part in single figures —— figures, dealing cold than it did on sunday, because there is a strong wind. 0vernight and into tuesday, seedy showers still keep on coming in here, some clearer spells to the south and east. all down to this
area of low pressure still close by on tuesday. it is likely to push a longer spell of wet weather south across the uk, and from monday into tuesday, we will see the rain totals mounting into the peak district, some snow to the high hills here, but that could influence the flooding. so we will keep an eye on that. there is the spell of wet weather moving south on tuesday, what is clearly another cold day. a bit of a lull to start wednesday, with frost and freezing fog patches, but another area of low pressure comes in, some better weatherfor northern ireland, wales, south—west england on wednesday, then thursday, this band of rain sitting through parts of england and wales, and it could well be reining in some of the areas seeing the worst of the flooding at the moment. cloud and weather warnings and forced. details on our website. if you are concerned about more rain where you are, you do really need to keep across the forecast as we go through this week.
i'm ben bland with bbc world news. our top story: australian authorities declare a state of emergency in new south wales and now queensland after warnings bushfires in the country could also pose a catastrophic threat to sydney. 64 fires continue to burn with several of them on the outskirts of sydney, some are out of control. strong winds, high temperatures and low humidity is predicted. bolivia's president evo morales has announced his resignation after weeks of protests over last month's disputed elections. the announcement came after the head of the armed forces called on him to step down. and this story is trending on bbc.com. it's the heavyweight contest in the english premier league between the two title favourites liverpool and manchester city. the reds won it 3—1, which puts them eight points clear at the top of the table. current champions manchester city are just fourth in the league. that's all. stay with bbc world news.