tv Worklife BBC News November 14, 2019 8:30am-9:01am GMT
this is worklife from bbc news with sally bundock and karin giannone. mind the gap. campaigners mark equal pay day — as research shows women earn 13 percent less than men here in the uk — and almost a third less around the world. live from london, that's our top story on thursday 1a november some of the uk's top bosses are pushing for a law change — to give women the right to find out how much their male colleagues are earning. also in the programme the world's most popular social media site — facebook — removes more than 11—million images
of child nudity and sexual abuse. and... the secret weapon in the war on waste. how packaging could soon be telling you how to recycle it fitness apps on your mobile are now a multi—billion dollar industry — we'll be talking to one entrepreneur for whom exercise really is a big money spinner so in the interest of pay equality — would you be happy with your colleagues knowing what you earn? let us know — just use the hashtag bbcworklife. we start with the gender pay gap — because campaigners here in the uk are calling today equal pay day. they calculate that from today — because of the pay gap with men — women are effectively working for free for the rest of the year. the fawcett society — which does the calculations each
year — says there has been a slight improvement on 2018. but female full time workers earn on average 13% less than their male counterparts. a group of 100 top uk businesswomen — including former royal mail boss dame moya greene, and glaxosmithkline boss emma walmsley — want a change in the law to give women the right to see how much male colleagues are earning. but it's notjust the uk — the world economic forum has looked at pay in 149 countries globally — finding on average women are paid 32% less than men. ann francke, chief executive of the chartered managers institute is with me now — she's also the author of create a gender—balanced workplace welcome to the programme. slight improvement women still working for free for the rest of the year effectively, it's pretty depressing. yes, it is, actually that's the case
in every country in the world that women earn less than men. but there are two micro—dimensions to this, the first is the gender pay gap, this is about too few women in top leadership positions. the second and this is even more disturbing, men and women are paid very differently when they do the exact same job. that is the equal pay issue, compared to the gender pay gap. i mean, where does one start to improve, there is a slight improvement as we heard in the report, what isn't happening that still needs to? the fawcett society and other organisations agree that we need greater transparency, this isa we need greater transparency, this is a change in law, six in ten women believe they are being paid less than men, often times this is true, we've had very high profile cases in banking, the media, in the movies. so we do need greater transparency andi so we do need greater transparency and i would say particularly around bonuses. because these are much
higherfor men, bonuses. because these are much higher for men, typically. do you think if companies are forced to reveal the information about the gender pay gap, in the uk now companies with 250 employers are more have to do that, that will have a real impact on those coming into work for them because it's the next generation coming along that are saying, i won't work for this company if that is the gender pay 93p- company if that is the gender pay gap. yes, i encourage people to take a look at the data on the government website. you can research what is this company paying women versus men in every quartile? and my tip is, look at the top, are they paying them equally at the top? because that's where the biggest discrepancy often are. what should someone do who is watching the programme and believes they are a victim of this? firstly, i would check out your company ‘s gender pay gap online of the report, secondly i would take a look at the paper and you're in and
if you suspect you are being underpaid versus your male colleague, gather evidence and go and talk to your hr department and ask to see the data. keep asking? keep asking. thank you very much. we wa nt to keep asking. thank you very much. we want to hear from you, keep asking. thank you very much. we want to hearfrom you, get keep asking. thank you very much. we want to hear from you, get involved in the conversation. let's pause at the moment on that subject. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news facebook has released the latest figures in its efforts to remove harmful content from its platforms. they reveal 11.6 million pieces of content related to child nudity and child sexual exploitation were taken down between july and september. while more than 2.5 million pieces of content relating to sucide and self harm were removed. google has become the latest big tech firm to move into banking by offering current accounts. the firm said it plans to partner with banks and credit unions in the us to offer the "smart checking" accounts. the move follows similar entries into loans and banking by facebook, uber, apple and amazon.
a qantas boeing 787 dreamliner has taken—off from london's heathrow airport on a non—stop flight to sydney. the 19—hourflight, codenamed project sunrise, is carrying 52 passengers, six cabin crew and four pilots and is an experiment to judge the effects of what have been called "ultra long flights" on passengers. britain missed out on tesla's first european factory because of brexit — according to boss elon musk. the electric car maker has chosen a site near berlin for its ‘gigafactory‘, creating thousands ofjobs in a major boost to the german capital. mr musk told auto express that britain's departure from the eu made putting the factory in the uk ‘too risky‘. schools in hong kong have been suspended through to the weekend amid the ongoing protests which have paralysed the city this weekmany universities have cancelled classes and businesses have told employees to work from home. andrew wood is in hong kong
how widespread is this, andrew? certainly schools are going to be closed, there doesn't seem to be much education going on in hong kong this week. what we found is that the protests had mainly previously been going on at the weekend but this week people got particularly angry and therefore protesters have been coming out on the streets on weekdays which is unusual. it's had a bad effect on the economy, certainly not helping the economy at the moment, we are in recession now, the moment, we are in recession now, the economy started shrinking when the economy started shrinking when the protest started round about six months ago, the stock market is down by at least 1% today, that's five and a half percent down in a week. the economy especially tourism, restaurants and so on, is being affected very, very badly and it's notjust affected very, very badly and it's not just local problems, affected very, very badly and it's notjust local problems, don't forget the hong kong stock market is basically the stock market for an
awful lot of chinese companies as well and there's plenty of worries about what's going on with the us china trade war and that's affecting sentiment and people are worrying about what the profits are going to look like and how much smaller they might be over the next year or so, so might be over the next year or so, so share prices have been falling. andrew, thanks for that. let's show you the numbers, talking about share prices falling, down by a percent, yesterday the hang seng was down by 296 yesterday the hang seng was down by 2% but across the border is concerned because injapan and china we had economic data and we will have economic data out today which will show the second and third biggest global economies are struggling right now, a lot of it to do with the trade war between the us and china. let's look at european markets. the dax in germany, down by a third of a percent, the latest growth figures out today. .1 of a percent growth in the third quarter. july, august september. it's avoided a technical recession but actually still illustrates how tough things are for the big european economies. a lot on the minds of traders right
110w. now to the us, where the world's biggest retailer, walmart, is expected to report its latest earnings in the next few hours. vivienne nunis has more walmart is the largest world's retailer. it is expected to report a rise in revenue over the past three months, boosted by its high number of brick and mortar stores and its growing e—commerce business, last quarter online grocery sales jumped by more than a third. the investors will be particularly keen to hear walmart‘s outlook for the holiday season, not only is the season more squeezed than usual with six fewer shopping days between thanksgiving and christmas compared to last year, there's the added pressure of us tariffs on chinese imports. as it stands washington is due to apply 15% tariffs on a fresh set of chinese goods in mid—december, hitting consumer electronics, though those tariffs could be rolled back if a trade agreement is reached with beijing. time now for our daily look at some of the newspaper and website
stories which have caught our eye. joining me is emma—lou montgomery, associate director at fidelity international welcome to the programme, serious story to start with, a focus on the headlines in recent months, instagram removing millions of images regarding images of suicide and self—harm. images regarding images of suicide and self-harm. it's quite shocking, isn't it, videos, people moments before self— harm, potentially, isn't it, videos, people moments before self—harm, potentially, and it comes on the back of the death of molly russell in 2017, she actually committed suicide after watching these sorts of videos. she was a british 1a—year—old. these sorts of videos. she was a british 14-year-old. great to see something is being done but quite shocking to think all these young people are out there, young people on instagram, the sulphur content out there encouraging people in some sort of insidious way to think this is somehow acceptable or normal or something they should be doing? is somehow acceptable or normal or something they should be doing7m shows how much pressure there has
been on social media companies and is having an effect? it certainly is but i think the pressure needs to be on them as well, this is where young people are going for content and information and so they need to be accountable, really and make sure the on there is something that will be in the wider mainstream media. and staying with instagram, the telegraph newspaper has the story, i read this today, i couldn't believe it, university hall is being replaced with instagram about hotel style rooms, this is so that potential students and in many cases foreign students that might bring a lot in terms of fees to a university, attracted to go to that university, attracted to go to that university because they see with the accommodation it might be like. it's accommodation it might be like. it's a far cry from my day, god! it's live like a film star already. and the fees they are paying is extortionate in london, in london over £9,000 extortionate in london, in london over£9,000 a extortionate in london, in london over £9,000 a year, over six and a half thousand elsewhere in the country, a lot of money. even a
professor in oxford saint universities are dry to impress pa rents universities are dry to impress parents who expect their parents to —— their children to have a high end experience. when you say the fees, that's the fees for accommodation, not the actual degree itself. many would listen and think that is quite cheap. exactly. that isjust would listen and think that is quite cheap. exactly. that is just for accommodation and price are so many people out, doesn't it? they are also saying living that flashy instagram lifestyle is maybe not also potentially good for students because the kind of ensuite facilities and things like that make them quite isolated potentially so maybe they are not even getting the authentic grungy facilities. the grungy kitchen we all remember inner halls of residence. i didn't make it into holes, i rented a house, we had no central heating, we had the snail trail in the morning on the carpet. it's a different world. not nice, totally different world. copy machines, television, ensuite bathrooms. the potential of students
is 80%, 50% of teenagers going to university in the uk. a huge boom in numbers. more and more children going, a lot of pressure on companies and universities to provide the sort of exclusive accommodation that everybody wants. it just shows we accommodation that everybody wants. itjust shows we are talking about instagram, the serious aspect, it shows the power of instagram and people at the moment. quite incredible, dominating so many areas of our lives. it says they are really pitching this to parents, those who are going to pay the bill. those parents that are perhaps, the other side of the world that want to see where their daughter, their sun may be studying, where they are going to be staying etc. it's mind—boggling, really. thank you so much, good to talk to you, some of the stories in the papers today. still to come... the secret weapon in the war on waste. how packaging could soon be telling you how to recycle it.
it's so confusing, i wish it would! you're with worklife from bbc news. it's 25 years to the day since the first national lottery tickets went on sale in the uk and 0perator camelot has just announced record half year results with ticket sales up 13.5% but with tickets now costing £2 a draw and the odds of winning the top prize now1 in 45 million is it still a good punt? nigel railton is the chief executive of camelot nigel, welcome to the programme. a p pa re ntly nigel, welcome to the programme. apparently £40 billion has been raised for good causes in 25 years. yes, the national lottery has been a tremendous success yes, the national lottery has been a tremendous success story over 25 years. as you say 40 billion for good causes, 565,000 awards, the length and breadth of the uk, about
200 per postcode in the uk funding things from, they do huge things, the tate modern, angel of the north, wembley stadium. right the way through to grassroots projects. and the national lottery has been a tremendous success over the last 25 years. what about, the individual winners we've had over 25 years? how do they cope, how have they managed to stay normal with the amounts that they won? well, interestingly, about 10% of people only go public, a lot of winners choose to be anonymous, thatis of winners choose to be anonymous, that is within their gift. but one thing that camelot doesn't get credit for, we offer a real support service to the winners, when they when we give them financial advice, we support them with media, support them with pretty much everything, notjust for the them with pretty much everything, not just for the moment they win but for the rest of their lives. do you prefer it if they go public, it is good publicity for you, surely?“ they do go public we get publicity
but we are neutral, it is entirely within their gift whether they want to go public, if they do we look after them, if they don't we still support them. and up to now, we've had five and a half thousand people become millionaires. we will have to leave it there, so much there to discuss but we are out of time. thank you. if this story is about you, it's a tough time for savers. something we are discussing on radio 5 live this morning, inflation going up 5 live this morning, inflation going up in the lowest pace for almost three years. if you are saving it means you get less for the money you're trying to put away for a rainy day. perhaps the answer is don't say but by a national lottery ticket, who knows? great advice. you're watching worklife. a reminder of our top story — here in the uk campaigners
are calling today equal pay day. they calculate that from today — because of the pay gap with men — women are effectively working for free for the rest of the year. a group of 100 top uk businesswomen are seeking a law change to give women the right to see how much male colleauges are earning. now let's get the inside track on fitness apps. the fitness app market is growing — with one report valuing it at over two billion dollars in 2018. our next guest is part of that trend. krissy cela got into exercise while training to be a lawyer and working as a waitress. she's since built an instagram following of more than 1.7 million, and launched her fitness app tone and sculpt nearly a year ago. the app has had 250,000 downloads and has around 100,000 active users. and she joins us now. welcome. thank you so much for having me. the
numbers are amazing, crowded market so numbers are amazing, crowded market so what do you offer this different? we offer sustainability when it comes to fitness, there seems to be this mould that you have to fit in, whether that's low diet, restricting pride in yourself, and that's what we don't want we want to show women it's about having a sustainable mental and physical lifestyle. this is just mental and physical lifestyle. this isjust for women, this mental and physical lifestyle. this is just for women, this particular app and it started when you were studying law and actually you began logging your own fitness regime and that snowballed with this business that snowballed with this business that you are running. yes, when you are studying law you are under immense pressure, ithink are studying law you are under immense pressure, i think when you're doing any type of degree or studying you are under so much pressure to achieve the best grades possible and that had a really bad effect on me mentally. and i wanted to better myself, notjust physically, strengthened my mind and my physically, strengthened my mind and d physically, strengthened my mind and my body and i found my escape in the
gym so i started logging everything on social media. and one thing led to another. and i wanted to provide women with the same effects of fitness that it had on me. at what point did you realise this wasn't just a way of combating stress that you had from studying law, this was actually your future business. you had from studying law, this was actually your future businesslj think actually your future business.” think when it comes to the app, it's definitely something that i felt i had to do and i had to create with my business partner because it is something that i wanted every single woman to have a safe zone and a community that was inclusive and a fitness app that didn't tell you in four weeks time you are going to achieve the best result possible because that's not what we promote. we promote sustainability and we promote that it's about you bettering yourself mentally and physically. we've talked already in the programme a lot about instagram and the impact it has, the good, bad and the impact it has, the good, bad and the impact it has, the good, bad and the ugly. there is so much pressure on everyone, no matter what their age to look their absolute
best. you look absolutely gorgeous. anyone looking at your fitness videos with them, yes, i want to look like her but doesn't itjust increase the pressure on young girls in particular to try and look like someone like you? it truly depends how you use your platform. there's a lot of things on instagram that can be very intoxicating. and can be very consuming especially if you see someone look a certain way, you feel like you may need to achieve that. but within my community and the ap community, it's a place where you can feel motivated and not pressured stop he talked about sustainability, you mean, that's the way, the life style you mean, that's the way, the lifestyle that you encourage is something that isn't extreme, you're not depriving yourself of not encouraging young women to stop eating or restrict their diet significantly? you are focusing are you on strength and fitness?” significantly? you are focusing are you on strength and fitness? i think when it comes to, like i said the
fitness industry, for such a long time women are told to cut carbs, a certain food group or do excessive amount of exercise in order for you to look toned are healthy and that is certainly not what i will promote, or the team will promote or the community will ever have. on your instagram you've gotjourneys that ordinary people have taken to fitness, you put the before and after. yes. i actually posted on the other day, it was more of a mental before and after and help this amazing client of ours went from really struggling mentally to bettering herself now and achieving greatness. and for me, that's what makes me happy, because she has sustainability for the rest of her life. do you think you will ever become a lawyer? if it wasn't for law i don't honestly think i would be where i am today so i'm so thankful i did go to university and i got my law degree but the community has my heart so that's where i am going to stick to for
now. any tips you think you can give away about how to be a successful issue on instagram and beyond? be true to yourself, be transparent and honest, i've shared my ugly parts, my best parts, my really bad downfalls. it's scary because you're notjust sharing it downfalls. it's scary because you're not just sharing it with yourself and your sharing it with nearly in your case, and your sharing it with nearly in yourcase, 1.7 and your sharing it with nearly in your case, 1.7 million stop sometimes you have to step back and say maybe i shouldn't have said that but i'm happy. my community as my family. they are not followers. i am theirteam, family. they are not followers. i am their team, they family. they are not followers. i am theirteam, they are family. they are not followers. i am their team, they are my team. thanks so much. in a moment we'll run through some viewer responses to our twitter question. but first, let's talk about recycling — we all know how important it is. but if you struggle to sort out what goes where, and with what — you're not alone. even machines in waste sorting plants can have the same problem. but there's some new technology that could change all that.
dougal shaw reports. please recycle this pack. could this be the key to better recycling? invisible bar codes on packaging that only computers can see. it looks fun. but i've come to see the serious side of this technology at a recycling test facility in the west of germany. some believe invisible bar codes could help us cut down on waste and recycle a lot more. this is the standard waste sorting machine but that grey bar with the red light has been added to spot the invisible bar codes. as rubbish passes at three metres per second cameras in the bar are scanning each item. they would struggle to find a traditional single bar code but these new ones are a different matter. they are invisible because they are created by thousands of subtle changes to the pixels all over the packaging artwork. this is also known as digital watermarking. for the cameras in the factory the code performs like this. even though to us, it looks like this. the same technology could speed up self checkouts at supermarkets. and it can also guide
you on how to recycle items at home when used with a phone, in this prototype app the recycling information is delivered by a cartoon cow in a bid perhaps to make doing the recycling a bit more fun. please make it fun. and make it easy. it's so complicated. we asked you at the top of the programme whether you would tell your collea g u es whether you would tell your colleagues what you are in to help fight the pay gap and bring equality into your workplace. many of you have been in touch. yes, let's look at some of the responses. and ronnie has also been in touch.
and it is so tricky, i remember before ijoined and it is so tricky, i remember before i joined the and it is so tricky, i remember before ijoined the bbc had a previous workplace, i suspected i was paid less than my male equivalent so i bit the bullet, went to my boss, talked to him about it, i was right and i got a pay rise. that is what our guest at the beginning of the show was saying, it's beginning of the show was saying, its opening up that conversation, shejust its opening up that conversation, she just says ask and keep asking because the information is there. keep knocking on the door. today, i've tweeted some articles about this, big talking point, there is a lot on the bbc website, go to the business page. it's the lead story today. do take a look. it says this is the call from the fawcett society but as we already mentioned, top leaders in business, female leaders in the uk also adding to
that call. thanks so much for getting in touch. that set from worklife. back at the same time very soon. hello. a band of rain affecting england and wales, heavy and persistent at times, it looks like it could affect some of the areas that have seen flooding recently. this area of low pressure and associated weather fronts wrapped around it, gradually rotating as we move through the day, the eastern side gradually working its way north, staying fairly persistent and heavy through parts of the midlands. continuing for its southern parts of wales, south—west england and at times, this could fall as sleet or snow over high ground. behind it, brighter outlooks feeding in, brighter outlooks feeding in, brighter to the north, the fat north of england, scotland, northern
ireland, sunny spells, the chance of a few showers in the north and east, some of those could be wintry over high ground, feeling cool across the board, particularly when you add in the brisk north north easterly breeze. the rain still with us as we go through tonight, the eastern edge working its way north, still persisting for parts of wales at the rain will tend to fizzle out as we move through the night. there are of cloud across england and wales, not cool but with clearer spells for the north it allows the temperatures to dip. north it allows the temperatures to dip, we could see a frost. as we move into friday, the next weather front pushes in to the south—east. for england and wales, fair amount of cloud to come through the day tomorrow. shrubbery outbreaks of rain and drizzle working gradually westwards as we move through the day. best the brightness in scotland, northern ireland, showers in scotland generally to the east, again looking pretty chilly, temperatures maximum 10 degrees, factoring in the cool wind. cool as
we move into the weekend, further rain in the forecast, it doesn't look anywhere near as heavy as we expect through today. on saturday, predominantly cloudy picture, there will be some outbreaks of rain or drizzle. the odd brighter spell here and there, the temperature sitting a little bit below average for the time of year. highs of nine or 10 degrees. into sunday, a bit of a repeat performance. further cloud and outbreaks of rain. could fall as hell snow for parts of scotland and the north of england. the maximum of 9 degrees. feeling cool over the next few days. goodbye.
you're watching bbc news at nine with me, annita mcveigh. the headlines: south yorkshire and parts of the east midlands brace for more rain. yellow warnings are in place meaning floodwater could cause a danger to life. the conservatives say they'll cut "immigration overall" to the uk after brexit if they win the election. and later in the programme, we'll be looking at these immigration claims more closely with reality check‘s chris morris. meanwhile, labour is promising to close the gender pay gap by 2030. the outgoing european council president, donald tusk is urging british voters to not give up on stopping brexit. brexit