tv Business Briefing BBC News November 21, 2019 5:30am-5:46am GMT
this is the business briefing. i'm ben bland. car clash! gm sues fiat chrysler for racketeering — accusing its rival of bribing unions. fiat calls the lawsuit astonishing. plus — pulling a sickie. more than half of young british workers say they would fake illness to avoid going to work. is it a sign of bigger problems with today's workplace? and on the markets, global shares stumble on renewed us china tensions — as the us congress passes a bill in support of the hong kong protestors — drawing condemnation from beijing.
we start in the us where general motors has launched a legal onslaught against rival car giant fiat chrysler. gm is suing fiat for racketeering, alleging it bribed officials at the united auto workers union for years — and seeking substantial damages' fiat says it's astonished at the lawsuit — which comes as it tries to seal a merger with france's peugeot group. from new york — samira hussain has more. general motors says fiat chrysler spent millions bribing during the years of 2011 and 2015. gm asserts the union made concessions to fiat chrysler that were not afforded
to general motors. such as hiring entry—level workers than gm was allowed to. the claims being made are tied to an ongoing federal corruption investigation that has led to 13 criminal charges investigation that has led to 13 criminal charges and 11 guilty pleas among former executives and union leaders. fiat chrysler has responded by saying it is astonished by the lawsuit and it believes that this is just a way for gm hamper ongoing contract negotiations between fiat and the union, and to also disrupt the proposed merger between it and french carmaker peugeot. gm said it is seeking substantial damages but did not specify the amount. shares in hong kong have fallen sharply leading the rest of asia lower — after the us congress passed bills supporting the city's rights.
let's go to our asia business hub where rico hizon is following the story. talk us through the market moves. these bills are complicating matters. these two bills will now be going to president trump. items like teargas. it's legislation includes a requirement with reports are certified by the secretary of state. that distinction protects hong kong from the punitive tariffs that washington has opposed on the bill also because for sanctions against officials responsible for human rights violations in the territory.
beijing as we know. president trump would veto the legislation is during ongoing negotiations but the unanimous vote in the senate could make a veto difficult for the president and this is indeed having an impact on the global financial markets. would you fake being ill to avoid going to work? over half of young adults here in britain would, according to a survey of moral attitudes by the bbc. many also feel under pressure from a ‘long hours' culture to be at work longer than they need to be. let's show you some details. the bbc found 40% of people would take a sick day off when they weren't ill because they needed a break. among 16 to sa year olds that rises to over half —
at the same time almost a third of workers said they would come in early or stay late just because their colleagues were doing so. britain works the longest hours in the eu — according to research by trade unions earlier this year. an average of 42 hours a week is three more than most countries in europe — from ireland to italy to belgium. and five more than denmark. but the uk lags behind most of them when it comes to productivity. ireland, norway and luxembourg topped a recent league table compiled by the oecd group of advanced economies. earlier this year the head of britain's trades unions congress told the bbc that with the rise of technology, there's an opportunity to re—think the workplace. we know there are fantastic productivity gains to be made, they got to millions and billions of pounds, how are we going to share
that, higher pay, shorter working week, is it more satisfying work? let's get rid of boring work. let's get rid of the drudgery. chris southworth is secretary general of the international chambers of commerce here in the uk. some might say thou surprised. productivity is fundamental for the economy and this trust within business, to promote a positive, healthy place to work and how that has a positive impact on people's well—being. has a positive impact on people's well-being. wise productivity important when you talk about economic growth, for example. the output that people provide within the work place, ultimately that leads to what drives the economy. it's the way we go about our work in
today's modern world, it's much more connected. they need to feel good about what they do promoting good values and ethical behaviour. it's fundamentally based on trust and focusing on the outcomes. because some people will take a sick day when they are not sick, pull a sickie, and have a fun day off others will take a sickie. they feel under pressure because no employers are recognising that. stepping back
and having a breather. i wonder whether there is more behind that where companies are feeling it is better for productivity to give reading space. those leading the businesses are walking the talk and able to understand the big picture of what is going on in people's lives and accommodate what is reasonable, allowing people some flexibility. we don't need to live and work as we used to. there are lots of ways for allowing people to be flexible, whether it's picking up their kids or dealing with an issue but then still deliver at work and that's important. the more productive and healthy you feel, the more productive you will be. chris, thank you very much indeed. let's return to the us china trade war — because while much of american agriculture is struggling, some farmers are cheering
president trump for making their crop competitive again. and the product with the sweet smell of success? garlic. my my grandfather, father and myself in fighting the fight to stop what has been going on. for 25 years, illegally dumped garlic is heading american shores, and is a steep 25% tax on garlic stopping these tariffs stopping these tariffs are working for us. i'm standing here in gilroy, the garlic capital of the world. i'm ken christopher, third—generation garlic farmer of the nation's largest garlic compa nym christopher ranch. before 1994, california garlic supplied nearly all the garlic consumed in the us stopping diggers to be 12 commercial garlic farmers, now there's only three. they would undertake dumping through some corporate structure and they would be discovered
and sanctioned, and then they would simply set up another structure, and then that would be uncovered, and would do it in serialfashion, and the fact is, they were more nimble in setting up these then us customs could be in discovering them. ijust announced that we will increase tariffs on china, and we won't back down until china stops cheating workers and stealing our jobs. what president trump has done is going to be more punitive to china, because traditional anti—dumping requires a crime to be committed so to speak and then discovered and sanctioned so it's a little bit of a catch—up game. what president trump has done is apply blanket tariffs to weights to these tarriffs. ever since late september
when the tariff was in effect, it became harder than ever for chinese garlic two into our country, so since that time, the price of all garlic has come up and it has really helped american garlic farmers that have struggled for years to compete. more than 2 million adults in england are unable to see an nhs dentist. bbc analysis suggests the cost or length of the waiting list are among the reasons. dominic hughes reports. desperately needed emergency dentistry being carried out in the van outside dewsbury town hall. the dentate charitably —— charity normally works in developing countries but today it's helping a man who's had to live with
excruciating tooth pain for months. i was excruciating tooth pain for months. iwas in excruciating tooth pain for months. i was in pain, nobody could help me, none of these nhs services, nobody would help me at all. he is far from alone. during this visit, dentate staff saw 50 patients and extract 50 teeth. all day, this charity that has been busy seeking people who are in real pain because of tooth decay but for all those patients, this is the only way they can access emergency nhs dental care here in dewsbury. the bbc has drawn up this map showing whether most people are missing out on nhs dental care. the blue areas are better than average. yellow, average. in the red areas, worse than average and include much of london in the south—east, devon and cornwall and parts of east anglia. you are doing really well. the british dental association says that are similar issues in wales, northern ireland and scotland, where checkups are free, there is less of
a problem. this is a crisis. we have been saying this has been a crisis for a long while and we been ignored. sadly at the moment we're seeing a situation where people expecting more than the less and we can't carry on like that. if we carry on with more modest, we will eventually see the complete demise of the nhs as far as dentistry goes. but for many in dewsbury, this kind of emergency treatment is all that's available. a charity filling the gaps left by the nhs. dominic hughes, bbc news, dewsbury. this is the briefing from bbc news. the latest headlines: there's mounting pressure on prince andrew — with lawyers representing victims of the convicted american paedophile, jeffrey epstein, urging him to tell all. after the impeachment inquiry‘s biggest day yet — the white house says the evidence exonerates the president.
now it's time to look at the stories that are making the headlines in the media across the world. the banned old duke of york is how the metro describes prince andrew taking a step back from his public duties following his association with jeffrey epstein. and donald trump's impeachment inquiry headlines the financial times — saying the us ambassador to the eu turned against the president in an ‘explosive testimony‘. the times reports on the uk election — saying borisjohnson has pledged to give 31 million workers a tax cut by increasing the threshold at which they start paying national insurance. meanwhile the guardian leads with labour‘s promise to spend £75 billion on the uk‘s housing crisis. jeremy corbyn‘s advisers hope to "hold on to long—time labour voters" by switching the focus of the campaign from brexit to "bread—and—butter issues", the paper reports. the verge is reporting on google‘s announcement that it will impose stricter controls on targeted political
advertising. and on the bbc website — two years after the head of the grammys said women need to "step up" if they wanted to be recognised, female artists are now dominating the 2020 nominations. with me is financial journalist simoney kyriakou. welcome journalist simoney kyriakou. to the programme. n see welcome to the programme. nice to see you. the band old duke of york. this is quite extraordinary. unprecedented. a senior member of the royalfamily, unprecedented. a senior member of the royal family, for the foreseeable future, taking a step back. and he was the patron for over 200 charities and charitable causes including the national ballet and the youth development charity power to. 0bviously that leaves charities seeking a patron but it also