this is bbc news — welcome if you're watching here in the uk, on pbs in america or around the globe. i'm mike embley. our top stories. a new report shows concentrations of carbon dioxide — the main gas behind global warming — are at record levels. the critical period is now and that the climate change we'll see and the decisions that we make will last notjust for decades orfor centuries, but potentially longer than that. hong kong's chief executive carrie lam acknowledges deficiencies in her government in her reaction to the landslide victory of pro—democracy parties
in sunday's local elections. the world anti—doping agency calls for russia to be suspended from international sporting competitions for the next four yea rs. tens of thousands take part in demonstrations around the world to mark the international day for the elimination of violence against women. concentrations of greenhouse gases in the earth's atmosphere have reached new highs, according to the latest figures, and there is no sign of any decline, not even a slowdown. one of the world's leading experts on climate change has said that like many other people, he is now scared for the future of the planet. responding to the latest report by the world meterological organization, sir david king, former chief scientific adviser to the uk government, says there is a lack of political leadership to tackle the scale of the problem. our chief environment correspondent justin rowlatt has more details.
floods in england. record spring temperatures and wildfires in australia. the worst floods venice has seen in a generation. scientists say extreme weather events like these will become more common as climate change intensifies. and today, we learnt that the gases that trap heat in the atmosphere, causing global warming, have hit record levels yet again. let's see how concentrations of the main greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide, have risen. back in 1800, in the early days of the industrial revolution, there were 280 molecules of carbon dioxide per million. there is a gradual rise until around 1960. then, look at this. it takes off. think cars, industrialisation in the developing world, mass aviation. today, we learned the concentration accelerated again this year, taking the total to 407.8 parts per million. we have again broken records in carbon dioxide concentrations
and we have already exceeded a00ppm level, which was regarded as a critical level that happened already two years ago and this growth of carbon dioxide concentration continues. we know what the problem is — almost everything we do has a carbon consequence. the way we travel, the food we eat, the energy we use to power our homes, how we build our homes. and we know what to do. scientists say we've got to almost halve emissions in the next 10 years if we're going to keep warming below 1.5 centigrade. let the temperatures rise above that, they warn, and we will all face more intense heatwaves, droughts and floods. i think the thing that we need to remember about climate change is that the critical period is now and that the climate change we'll see and the decisions that we make will last notjust for decades, not even centuries, but potentially longer than that with melting of the ice sheets.
so, it's really got to be the top of our agenda, i think, for many decades to come. the frozen regions of the world have already started to melt. and the sad fact is today's figures show that our efforts to cut emissions are not working. in truth, it is worse than that. the concentration of greenhouse gases has actually accelerated. i spoke to james shaw, new zealand's minister for climate change. he also leads the greens in the country's coalition government which earlier this month passed a law to make new zealand become carbon neutral by 2050. i asked him what he made of these new record breaking carbon dioxide levels. well, obviously, it's not great
news, but it doesn't come as any great surprise either. government which earlier this month passed a law to make new zealand become carbon neutral by 2050. i asked him what he made of these new record breaking carbon dioxide levels. well, obviously, it's not great news, but it doesn't come as any great surprise either. we know that although a number of countries have started to make quite aggressive moves on climate change, we haven't yet bent the curve in terms of global co2 emissions. they're still going up and they need to start coming down. you are talking about net zero for carbon by 2050 — you know, of course, that's nowhere near soon enough. the law that we passed here in new zealand says that actually the most important thing is that new zealand plays its role in keeping global temperatures to 1.5 degrees above pre—industrial levels, and that was really given to us by the ipcc‘s report last year. there's obviously debate about what that means for any individual country, but one of the things we have done is to set up a new climate change commission modelled on the uk's climate change committee, which will give us authoritive science—based targets and maybe the targets we've set will change over time as circumstances change. what do you think of how the rest of the world is doing, particularly your relative neighbour, australia 7
well...we have told australia what we think of their policy and we continue to work with them constructively, particularly when it comes to the pacific. but, obviously, the whole world needs to take a lot stronger action than what we have seen to date. as a leader of the green party, it seems pretty clear that environmental concerns are one of the things that brought you into politics. how hopeful are you actually? it's a pretty depressing outlook, isn't it? well, here are spots of hope all around the world. i mean, even in the united states, which has signalled that it intends to withdraw from the paris agreement, you're actually seeing some extraordinary action at the state level, particularly in places like california and new york, also at the city level and in other countries around the world. i do believe that as some countries really move into the front of this and demonstrate that you can bring down your greenhouse gas emissions and still have your economy grow and develop and see people's incomes and lifestyles continue to improve at the same time,
that that will give hope to other countries that maybe they can do the same thing. we are getting reports of an earthquake just north of the city of durres in albania, 6.4, but strong enough to make people in their capital tirana running to the streets. no reports of injuries yet. a court in washington, dc has ruled that former white house counsel, don mcgahn, must comply with a congressional subpoena related to the investigations into russian interference in the 2016 us elections. that inquiry is now complete, but the ruling could provide a legal basis for white house officials to testify before the impeachment
inquiry into president trump. 0ur north america correspondent, david willis, says the ruling has serious implications for the trump administration. the white house has consistently claimed that white house officials, former and present, can't be compelled to testify before congress, that they are immune from having to do so, but the judge, the federaljudge ruled today that that was fiction and she said that any attempt to prevent them from testifying before congress was an impingement of their freedom of speech. this ruling is significant for several reasons, not least because it could embolden democrats to seek testimony now from people who have been really to give it, people like the acting chief of staff of the white house, and mike pompeo for example.
and it could lead to morejunior staff is coming forward to testify their own but it could ulster any case that house democrats were thinking, in regards to obstruction of congress. don mcgahn somebody who serve nearly two years in the trump administration. he told robert mueller‘s enquiry that he was told to get rid of robert mueller and when that story leaked out, he was commanded to hold a press conference and denied ever happened. don mcgahn denied to do both of those things but clearly he has a lot to stay to congress. if you get the chance to do so, given the white house is now appealing this federal judge's ruling.
let's get some of the day's other news and a second man has been arrested in connection with the deaths of 39 vietnamese people in a lorry in essex in eastern england. the 36—year—old man is being held on suspicion of manslaughter. a 25—year—old lorry driver, from county armagh, has already admitted plotting to assist illegal immigration. the men are accused of being part of a larger plot to bring people into the uk illegally. peru's constitutional court has ordered the release of the opposition leader, keiko fujimori after more than a year in pre—trial detention. she's awaiting trial in a corruption case linked to the brazilian construction giant, 0debrecht. the eldest daughter of the former president, alberto fujimori, she denies accepting illegal contributions from 0debrecht for her presidential campaign eight years ago. hong kong police say they plan to enter the polytechnic university where protestors are staging a sit—in, to ask those holding out to leave but no immediate arrests will be made. in a separate development, in her first public appearance since pro—democracy candidates won a sweeping victory in local elections, the territory's chief executive, carrie lam said
she was aware voters had expressed unhappiness with the government's handling of months of unrest. the large number of voters coming out to cast a vote, perhaps not only to select a preferred candidate, to sit on the district council but also to express a view on many issues in society, including, i would readily accept that, including deficiencies in governance, including unhappiness with the time taken to deal with the current unstable environment, and of course, to end violence. she gave more details about the police's plans to enter the university. as you say, it is the morning after that extraordinary result where the pro—democracy candidates succeeded so overwhelmingly at the ballot box.
tell the scenes last week when the security forces basically surrounded the campus and there is still security around the campus but essentially what you are seeing is a slightly softer approach. on monday we saw some pro— democratic candidates go and visit the campus, with or psychiatrist and medics really hoping to try to treat the students who are still in their. reports suggesting they are in a terrible condition, some of them feeling suicidal. there is real hope they can get the students out peacefully from polytechnic university. briefly, she is saying the government will seriously reflect on the views reflected by the voters, but of course we have heard again from the government in beijing that as far as they are concerned not much has changed. this is all an internal matter for china, nobody else's business.
what do you think of anything is likely to change as a result of this? well, it is hard to say. hong kong people are determined they want change, they want freedom and they want, they have constantly referred to the five demands, the need for greater freedoms from beijing and the central government, steps towards universal suffrage, they certainly want an independent enquiry into alleged police brutality, we have seen a lot of that on both sides, from the processes and a security side over the last five months. a lot of frustration and it is really unclear as to how that might be resolved. i was talking to one of the candidates who ran into consistency earlier this morning and she said there is real hope they will try to heal divisions like there is really no policy yet put forth. carrie lam has talked about dialogue with the other side, but really, it feels like an open wound
here, lots of frustration. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: the priceless jewels stolen in an overnight heist from a museum in germany. you things president kennedy was shot down and died almost immediately. the murder ofjohn kennedy is a disaster for the whole free world. me he caught the imagination of the world, the first of a new generation of leaders. margaret thatcher is resigning as leader of the conservative party and prime minister. before leaving number 10 to see the queen, she told her cabinet, "it's a funny old world." angela merkel is germany's first woman chancellor, easily securing the majority she needed. attempts to fly a hot—air balloon had to be abandoned after a few minutes, but nobody seemed to mind very much. as one local comic put it,
"it's not hot air we need, it's hard cash." cuba has declared nine days of mourning following the death of fidel castro at the age of 90. castro developed close ties with the soviet union in the 19605. it was an alliance that brought the world to the brink of nuclear war with the cuban missile crisis. this is bbc world news, the latest headlines: a new report shows concentrations of carbon dioxide — the main gas behind global warming — are at record levels. hong kong's chief executive carrie lam has acknowledged deficiencies in her government in her reaction to the landslide victory of pro—democracy parties in sunday's local elections. the world anti—doping agency, wada has recommended russia are given a four—year ban from sporting competition for falsifying laboratory data. this would mean that the country wouldn't compete in the upcoming 0lympics. they are also likely to be barred from staging major international events,
putting at risk the games scheduled to be held in st petersburg for euro 2020. richard mclaren is a law professor at western university in london, ontario, and the person who investigated the russian anti—doping manipulation scandal. i asked him what he thought of the latest recommendations. it is rather extraordinary, but not entirely unsurprising. the data was completely fouled up that was turned over to wada, and rusada had been suspended by wada as a result of the investigations several years ago, and this was part of the arrangement that have allowed them to come back into the tent and be a fully operational body. instead, the data that was turned over has been manipulated. not only has it been changed, but conversations have been inserted that were fictitious and people's
roles were changed in the data, so a number of different changes that went on that resulted in this recommendation of non—compliance with the code. so, what do you make of this announcement? you describe it as extraordinary? i think it's extraordinary because it is very strong, it is hard—hitting, it is going to have an impact if it is upheld, it has to be decided by the executive board of wada, for a four year period, potentially could be longer in certain circumstances. so, it's a very tough stance against what's going on. as you suggest, it is very likely to be challenged, do you think it will be upheld? i wouldn't want to speculate on that, there is an automatic right to challenge by way of taking any decision to the court of arbitration for sport, and they would have the final say. i wouldn't want to speculate how they would deal with it. no—one can really predict
that at this point. if it is upheld, it would be a national humiliation for russia, wouldn't it? it certainly would, i thinkjust the fact that it has gone this far in the process of even getting to the executive committee of the wada board is humiliation, and the rusada, the new head of the agency has been pushing hard inside russia for sweeping changes, warning that this was going to be the result, and it now is the result, but there haven't been any sweeping changes inside of russia. it is clearly intended to send a message, do you think it will have an impact on doping worldwide? i think it will definitely have an impact in russia and the behaviour of a number of people there, and therefore it has to have a ripple effect worldwide, because the more you keep russian athletes out who have been cheating, the more other athletes around the world are able to compete in the slots that the russians
would have occupied. marches have taken place around the world to mark the international day of the elimination of violence against women. the united nations says one in three women experience physical or sexual abuse in their lifetime, and has called on countries to do more to protect women. rich preston has this report. in switzerland, a vigil in memory of women killed by their partners. the united nations says that more than half of women murdered around the world are killed by a partner orfamily member. translation: in today's switzerland, domestic violence is a pressing issue. on average, two out of five women have experienced domestic violence at some point in their lives. translation: we still have some way to go. they are just out of childhood so now i am teaching them the hard reality of adult life. women don't enjoy the same rights as men, we can'tjust stroll out
in the streets the way a man would. in france, where the numbers of women murdered by a partner or ex—partner has gone up, a promise to toughen the law, to crack down on coercive control and remove parental rights from abusive partners. translation: when it can save lives, we want to give doctors the possibility of setting aside medical confidentiality in extreme cases where there is a serious risk of more violent. but the demos didn't go down well everywhere. in turkey, the antiviolence marches turned violent, with police using pepper spray to break up the crowds. in spain, the country's far—right party, vox, refused to sign an all—party declaration condemning violence against women. in russia, support for a new bill which would toughen punishments for domestic abuse, but which campaigners fear is under threat of being watered down.
translation: people are afraid to demonstrate because of political oppression so even 400 people gathering is a lot and russia. the united nations says that despite movements like #metoo or time's up, violence against women continues to be normalised and embedded in society and everyone, including silent bystanders, have a responsibility to stop it. rich preston, bbc news. priceless jewels have been stolen from one of europe's oldest museums in the german city of dresden. three complete collections of jewellery, including diamonds, rubys and emeralds belonging to 18th century royalty were ta ken. david sillito reports. dresden castle, the home of one of the world's greatest displays of royal opulence. the room of wonders — created to dazzle,
to overwhelm people. it was the collection of augustus the strong, a man of extravagant appetites. it was rumoured he had fathered 300 children. the green vault is one of the greatest collections of aristocratic treasure in the world. however, a significant part of it has been stolen. police arrived this morning to find a collection of diamonds, rubies and emeralds, described as part of the state treasury of 18th—century saxony, had gone. translation: the culprits evidently got in through a window. they cut through the bars and then smashed through the glass before they went straight to one the cabinets which they destroyed. they then left the building and disappeared. so, how did they do it? one clue is this burnt out electrical box, street lights failed, the museum alarm was silent. however, police say a camera did manage to capture images of two thieves as they broke in.
the museum says around 100 jewel encrusted items were taken. the value? the museum isn't giving a figure but says this is about more than just money. this collection is, they say, a nation's cultural heritage. david sillito, bbc news. now it may seem like something of a contradiction — a punk rock movement that promotes a sober lifestyle. but that's what a thai musician is pioneering in malaysia. khai aziz is promoting the so—called ‘straight—edge' movement he actually loved my music and he is the one that introduced us to punk rock music. he was the inspiration of mine. one day i come back home, i found that my brother sold everything, and the house was empty. most of my possessions were gone. my brother was hooked on drugs. he needed help. decided that this is enough, and i decided to quit smoking,
i decided to quit drugs. swear to myself, i need to become straight—edge. i'm a totally different person when i am on stage. that is the place where i throw my anger. i feel what i feel. it's ok not to drink, it's ok not to smoke, it's ok not to do drugs. at the same time you can be a punk rocker. time for me to move on, to empower other people to go this way. people are sceptical of the idea of straight—edge, because people love smoking, people love drinking, it is kind of hard to stop all that.
the music are different from the normal mainstream music, it's not sentimental or slow, or whatever. it was more to angryness, it was more about expression. that's what make young people more attracted to this music. we send the message aggressively but the lyrics are about caring, about family, fraternity, brotherhood. (music playing)
much more on the bbc website. thank you for watching. hello there, there's a big change in the weather for all of us by the end of this week, but before then we have got more mild weather, more cloud, and some further rain and perhaps in some parts, strong to galeforce winds, with the worst of the weather through tuesday and wednesday expected across england and wales. the reason for the wet and windy weather, another area of low pressure, this one contains remnants of ex—tropical storm sebastian and that is going to stick around for the next couple of days. ahead of that, we have still got mild conditions by the morning, a lot of cloud, some further pockets of rain and drizzle but the wetter weather and windier weather will be toward the south—west, where the winds are up picking up in the morning. gusts of 40mph or perhaps 50mph. that will push that rain band northwards throughout the day, that will push that rain band northwards throughout the day,
could be quite heavy at times, it will push its way northwards across england and wales into northern ireland and the central belt of scotland, some patchy rain and stronger winds for northern scotland. behind the rain band may get some sunshine but watch out for some heavy downpours, particularly toward the south—east of england later on in the afternoon. but with this tropical air heading away, it could be quite warm in the sunshine, 14 or 15 degrees perhaps. but some wet weather for the south—east of england, east anglia into the evening, and our area of low pressure comes back towards the south—west of england and wales, picks up the rain here which will be quite heavy, and also strengthens the wind, and we will see gales pushing through the english channel coastal areas into the channel islands too. so, more rain for england and wales, could be heavy at times, and we are still going to have some wet weather across the far north of scotland. but mainly it's south—east scotland and north—east england that will see the rain turning heavier and more persistent as we head into the afternoon, bringing the threat of more localised flooding. temperatures widely in double figures. as we head into thursday, we start to see some changes
because the low pressure is going to take a lot of that rain away into the near continent. our wind direction is going to change from that milder south—westerly to a much colder northerly wind, and that will drag down the cold air across the whole of the country. we have still got some rain to clear away on thursday and there is more of it now across england and wales, a little bit slower but we should see it brightening up for northern ireland and particularly across scotland with some sunshine knocking those temperatures down in that northerly wind. still some mild air across the south but only 11 or 12 degrees. as we move into friday morning, there may well be a frost around, perhaps all the way down toward the midlands as well. that's a significant change. we are also looking at drier weather to arrive on friday, that is going to mean more sunshine for a change, but those images will be lower, typically 5—8 celsius.
new figures confirm that concentrations of greenhouse gases in the earth's atmosphere have reached another record high. the statistics by the world meteorological organisation, collected over thirty years, suggest that rising concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane and other greenhouse gases are driving the severity of climate change. there is no sign of any slowdown. hong kong's chief executive has acknowledged deficiencies in her government in the wake of sunday's landslide victory for pro—democracy parties in local elections. in her weekly address carrie lam also said she hopes students still occupying the polytechnic university will leave peacefully. she offered no concessions on the protesters' demands. the world anti—doping agency has called for russia to be suspended from international sporting competitions for the next 4 years for falsifying laboratory data.