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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 27, 2019 3:00am-3:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news — i'm mike embley. our top stories: at the victoria falls, a dramatic change in water levels. we report from zimbabwe on drought, rising temperatures and a new warning from the united nations. protestors turn their anger on malta's prime minister as senior colleagues resign and police step up their investigation into the murder of an investigative journalist. security on the us — mexico border. president trump says mexico's drug cartels will be treated as terrorist organisations. a piece of sporting history up for sale. how a million dollars might get you the baseball bat which babe ruth used to hit his 500th home run.
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time is running out to stop a global climate disaster, and temperatures rising even further, according to a new report from the united nations. the un environment agency says over the next decade, global emissions need to fall by more than 7% every year to have any chance of avoiding warming the planet by more than 1.5 celsius. even the current rise in temperatures is having an effect, as droughts become more common all over the world. australia has seen one of its longest dry spells. that's made the massive bushfires in new south wales and queensland even worse. and in zimbabwe in southern africa, serious drought is threatening urban and rural life. the bbc‘s stephen sackur has just been there. when the zambezi river is in full flow, you can see why the explorer david livingstone called it "a view for the angels." but look at the falls now.
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this is what southern africa's prolonged drought means. the volume of water is down by two thirds. here we are at this viewpoint. yes. it's called the horseshoe falls viewpoint, but there's no falls? yes, steve. the change in — the low falls, they're becoming more frequent. who knows — maybe one year there'll be no fall completely, no water. two hours north of victoria falls is hwange national park, a land dying of thirst. hwange has the largest concentration of elephants in all of africa. i don't know if you can see, but there's a group of elephants just over there. now, each elephant needs about 300 kg of food a day. in a drought like this, and you can see how dry it is, that means they're constantly on the move, in a desperate search for food. drought is a killer.
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200 elephants have starved to death in the last two months. solar pumps stop waterholes drying out, but in drought conditions, the elephant population here is unsustainable. climate change is real. trees are destroyed, the vegetation is lost. those are the issues. beyond the park boundary, subsistence farmers are also struggling to survive in a land dry as dust. climate change is intensifying conflict between humans and wildlife. graphic images show farmers trampled to death trying to defend their fields from elephants. madelina shoko‘s brother was one of them. prolonged drought is also an urban crisis. 500,000 people live
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in sprawling mbare, in harare. this place simply isn't equipped to cope with an environmental crisis. they've had no piped water here for months. cholera and typhoid are a looming threat. and look what happens at sunset. zimbabwe's power supplies have been crippled by a lack of hydro power. mbare is enveloped in darkness. zimbabweans have endured years of misrule and economic collapse. drought makes it even harder to see a way out. yvonne, in the dark at night, when there's no power, there's no lights, do you and the kids feel safe here? no, we don't feel safe, because some of the people are being robbed at night. there are thieves all over this community, so we don't feel safe if there's no electricity.
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yvonne mgombe and nine family members huddle together by the light of a candle. zimbabwe's present is grim. its future could be much worse. stephen sackur, bbc news, harare. three senior figures in malta's government have stood down, and angry crowds have booed the prime minister, as police step up their investigation into the murder of the investigative journalist daphne ca ruana galizia. now out of government are the chief of staff to the prime minister, the tourism minister and the economy minister. rich preston reports. one by one, three government ministers stepped down. first was the prime minister's chief of staff keith schembri, amid reports he was to be questioned by police. shortly after, the tourism minister konrad mizzi, and then the economy minister christian cardona, pictured here with prime minister joseph muscat, suspended himself from duties.
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the men deny any involvement in the death of the prominent journalist. these resignations come days after angry scenes in malta with crowds accusing politicians of protecting those responsible for daphne caruana galizia's death. she was killed by a carbomb in 2017. she'd been investigating corruption at the highest level of malta's government. to us, daphne's death has always been linked to her work. people had in recent months switched from going in complete denial to trying to excuse and defend what is very evidently corrupt behaviour. they are finally having to face up to the fact that the prime minister's chief of staff is implicated in a murder enquiry. so far three people have been charged in relation to the killing
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but police still want to find out who ordered it. rich preston, bbc news. let's get some of the day's other news. thejudiciary committee of the us house of representatives has invited president trump's legal team to take part in its impeachment hearings next week, when the discussion will focus on constitutional reasons for removing mr trump from office. mr trump has been blocking several senior officials from giving evidence to congress, but complained that his legal team was unable to take part in earlier hearings by the house intelligence committee. 13 french soldiers have been killed in an operation against extremists in mali. two helicopters collided as they moved in to support ground forces. president emmanuel macron has said he is deeply saddened. it is the biggest single loss of life for the french military since the 1980s. at least 20 people have been killed, 600 injured in the 6.4 magnitude earthquake that's hit albania. buildings collapsed and people were trapped under rubble when the tremor happened in the early hours. wednesday has been declared a day of mourning. guy delauney reports.
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it is albania's strongest earthquake for decades and in this village close to the epicentre, the impact was devastating. soldiers joined firefighters in the effort to rescue people trapped beneath the rubble, but at a time like this, everyone pitches in to help their neighbours. the earthquake hit while most people were sleeping just before 4:00 in the morning. those who could made for the street as soon as their homes stopped shaking. hospitals have been overwhelmed. they've treated hundreds of people. many cases are minor, but deaths and serious injuries have been increasing as the rescue continues. translation: it was a real horror so i tried to get out of my home. i went through the glass door and i cut myself badly. others are still trapped. a number of buildings collapsed in the quake mostly in the coastal city durres
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and nearby city thumane. rescuers have pulled dozens of people alive from the rubble, but it's hazardous work. 0ne building collapsed as a team was waiting to enter. at least they'll have plenty of help. earthquakes are a fact of life in this region and neighbouring countries have sent in their rescue teams and italy, greece and germany are among the countries sending specialist assistance. guy delauney, bbc news. president trump has said he's going to designate mexico's drug cartels as terrorist organisations. but the mexican foreign minister has said he doesn't the us to take that idea any further. under american law, individuals linked to terrorist organisations are banned from entering and have their assets in the us seized. alejandro hope is a security analyst. he's in mexico city. on the face of it, it looks like a strong move getting tough on the cartels. for you, though, strong move getting tough on the cartels. foryou, though, ithink strong move getting tough on the
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cartels. for you, though, ithink it is very bad news. i think so, mike. this has been a discussion between the us and mexico. this idea has p°pped the us and mexico. this idea has normed up the us and mexico. this idea has popped up in circles many times before. it is news that the president, president trump, has announced that they will actually designate one or various mexican organisations as a foreign terrorist organisation. if he moves forward, which is still not clear whether he will, but it is the secretary of state and that has not happened yet. but if indeed this happens, this could have serious consequences for the bilateral relationship between mexico and the us. to understand why, let me try to explain why, what
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it means for an organisation to be labelled is this. it means that any contact with that organisation, any type of support for that organisation, is no longerjust say buying drugs or selling weapons or laundering money, it is no longer a violation of drug laws or anti— money laundering legislation, it is now material support for terrorism. secondly, the us would have broad powers to go against this particular group or groups. they would seize financial assets. they could deport people who are suspected to be connected to that group. people travelling to the us, it could also mean even sanctions for mexico if it
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is seen as not cooperating in the fight against that specific group. forgive me, can i ask you a couple of specific things as i understand that mexicans may be unhappy with anything that seems to reinforce an image of the country as a place, a failed state taking over by —— taken over by drug traffickers. also i think it makes it easier for mexico is to be —— mexicans to be deported from the us was a bit does mean the us could go after assets in a much stronger way, doesn't it? to some extent. they already have done. they already have broad powers to go against organisations but yes, this increases the scope of what the us could do. maybe at the margin but at the cost of throwing a ranch into us and mexico bilateral cooperation on security agendas. i see that the
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phone mr says exco won't tolerate any move that but maybe we will talk to you again about it. thank you very much indeed. thank you for having me. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: bucking the trend of a longer healthier life — why death rates among america's young and middle aged are rising. president kennedy was shot down and died almost immediately. the murder ofjohn kennedy is a disaster for the whole free world. he caught the imagination of the world, the first of a new generation of leaders. margaret thatcher is resigning as leader of the conservative party and prime minister. before leaving number 10 to see the queen, she told her cabinet, "it's a funny old world."
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angela merkel is germany's first woman chancellor, easily securing the majority she needed. attempts to fly a hot—air balloon had to be abandoned after a few minutes, but nobody seemed to mind very much. as one local comic put it, "it's not hot air we need, it's hard cash." cuba has declared nine days of mourning following the death of fidel castro at the age of 90. castro developed close ties with the soviet union in the 19605. it was an alliance that brought the world to the brink of nuclear war with the cuban missile crisis. welcome back. good to have you with us here on bbc news. the latest headlines: a new warning from the united nations. our current targets to cut greenhouse gas emissions are falling woefully short. protesters turn their anger on malta's prime minister as police step up their investigation into the murder of an investigative journalist.
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a reportjust out in the united states shows death rates among young and middle aged people have been rising over the past decade, driving down overall life expectancy. the study, published in thejournal of the american medical association, shows the highest relative jump in death rates was in the age group 25 to sa. death rates rose by 29%. i spoke to the lead author of the study, professor steven woolf. he's the director emeritus at the center on society and health at the virginia commonwealth university school of medicine. i asked him if the us results go against what is happening in the rest of the world. it certainly does. life expectancy has been increasing in industrialised countries around the world. and this used to be true for the united states as well, but we've been losing ground compared to other wealthy nations since the 1980s. is it a surprise? it is quite a surprise. the recent news has shown that life expectancy has been decreasing for the past three years while life expectancy in other countries continues to rise.
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so what's going on, do you think? our study found that this is really being driven by an increase in death rates in working age adults. by that, i mean people aged 25—64 years. children and older adults are seeing their death rates decline, as we'd like to see, but there is something terribly wrong going on for working age adults where death rates have climbed significantly. your study seems to point towards opioid abuse, poverty, lack of support? well, we dug into the data to try to understand what's behind this. drug overdoses are a real problem in the united states and it is a big contributor to this due to the opioid epidemic. but we also found increasing death rates from suicide, alcoholism and a long list of chronic diseases like diabetes and obesity. there were so many conditions that experienced increasing mortality, 35 in total, that we suspect a systemic cause.
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something about life in america that's contributing to this trend. and geography also a factor, where people are. exactly. we analysed the data for all 50 states and that enabled us to locate where in the country this trend was having its biggest impact. this turned out to be the industrial midwest, regions of our country that have been hard—hit by the economy. i know it's a big question, but what's to be done about it? well, in a perfect world, the answer to this would be to invest more in the middle class and help provide the kind of economic supports and other social supports that are available in other countries. this tends to be less of a priority in the united states which culturally tends to expect families to fall back on their own resources to get through hard times. in iran, people were on the street in the capital, tehran, and this time, it was a pro—government rally. it follows weeks of nationwide
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anti—government protests in which dozens of people have been killed. these protests were triggered by the tripling of petrol prices. the government completely shut down the internet, but as that returns, videos suggest that the unrest is on a bigger, more violent scale than was previously thought. kasra naji reports. more pictures of unrest are only now gradually emerging from iran, like these, posted on the internet. a small group of protesters wielding sticks and even an axe, facing armed security forces in gorgan in north—east iran. gunfire shots ring out, and then two injured people are seen being dragged away. when the protesters faced the security forces throughout the country last week, the iranian authorities shut down the internet and cut off communication lines to stop these pictures reaching the outside world. amnesty international says at least
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143 people have been killed, the most violent protests in iran for many years, triggered when the government, without notice at midnight on november 15, increased petrol prices by three times. the next day, many blocked the main roads in cities and towns across the country by parking their cars on the roads. translation: with the rise of the price of petrol, everything else is going to become more expensive. you will not see it today, but soon. but what started as a protest against the price hike quickly became a nationwide insurrection against the clerical leaders. dozens of petrol stations were set on fire, as well as hundreds of banks, government offices, even religious centres. iranian leaders blamed outside powers, particularly the united states.
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translation: the americans were at the centre of this rebellion, and they admitted it. "death to america," shout the hardliners at tehran's friday prayers. iran has been under most stringent us sanctions, what the us government describes as maximum pressure, denying iran almost completely its oil revenue — the source of some 70% of its income. with the inflation at more than 40%, and value of the iranian currency plummeting, the prices of many basic foodstuffs have gone through the roof. economic growth is expected to be —9%. all this is music to the ears of donald trump. he tweeted:
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iranian leaders, shocked by the extent of the unrest, yesterday called for a rally of their supporters in tehran. the top commander of the revolutionary guards warned the us, britain, israel and saudi arabia, "we will destroy you if you cross our red lines." kasra naji, bbc news. two lighter things for a moment. —— to lighter. babe ruth, a sporting icon and historic figure in the world of baseball, is still making headlines in the world of memorabilia. his possessions have been bought and sold for millions, and now, the bat with which he scored his 500th home run is up for sale. but to get to home base for this auction, you will need some serious money. david kohler, president and ceo
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of scp auctions is in california. good to talk to you. we will try not to make is entirely a plug for your auction house. what kind of serious money are people going to need? we estimate this bat which i have here, to bring $1 million or more and possibly set a record for babe ruth's sports memorabilia. this is the batter used to hit a home run on august 11 in 1929 and it is an heirloom. it has been authenticated by the experts in the world and we are looking forward to auctioning this off at the options on november 27 tomorrow through december 14. there are a lot of interesting things about it. didn't he use his bat to knock the mud off his cleat so there are indians in the back? yes, there are. there are indians from the cleats, where he used it. it weighs 38 ounces. it was from the
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roaring 20s. it pieces of the true cross ? roaring 20s. it pieces of the true cross? are there dozens of significant babe ruth bats? i know the one he used to hit his first home run at yankee stadium sold for a lot. yes, we actually handle that in 2004. that went for 1.26 5 million. this is on par, this is the brother to it. 500 homerun. he set the category, change the game of baseball and obviously the us national pastime and he did it with this bat and we look forward to setting some records with it. what kind of person or institution pays this kind of money for sporting memorabilia? clients around the world have interest in rare sports memorabilia. babe ruth is the king of sports memorabilia. his uniforms, is used bats, his autographed balls and this is one of the marquee pieces that the biggest collectors in the world will have an interest
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in. is there stuff you haven't seen or what hands that you want to? yes, i would love to find his uniform from the red sox, that would be really neat to find. we sold his babe ruth jelly from the early 1920s in 2012 at auction for a record 4.4 million. thank you very much indeed. thank you so much. now to the annual event all of washington waits for. yes, it is the turkey pardon — a thanksgiving tradition when the president gives one lucky bird a reprieve. this year, the finalists were bread and butter. don't worry — neither of them will be on table this thursday, but butter received the official blessing. there's a saying in tv — "don't work with children or animals." someone should have told this greek reporter. i suspect he knew and just took his chances. he was on assignment outside athens reporting on the floods when a pig decided to investigate. cue muchjumping around and not very much sympathy from colleagues
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in the studio. a reminder of our top story — there is a new warning from the united nations. we are falling woefully short of our current targets to cut greenhouse gas emissions. the environment agency said over the next decade global emissions need to fall by nearly —— more than 7% every year to have any chance of warming the planet by 1.5 degrees celsius. the current rises having an effect as droughts become more common all over the world. we have that in australia, having one of its longest dry spells with massive bushfires in new south wales and queensland. we have been reporting specifically on zimbabwean south africa and the threat to the victoria falls. there is more on all the news on the bbc website. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter. i'm @bbcmikeembley. thank you for watching.
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hello, once again. my word, we've seen many a scene like this in recent days and i'm afraid it looks as though the new day on wednesday, really not offering much relief from this relentless, wet and, at times, really quite windy weather as well, thanks to a big area of low pressure still perilously close to us right from the word go. that's quite a bit of rain to be had across parts of eastern england, another stripe of cloud brings rain to the northern and western isles, the far north of scotland and elsewhere, enough cloud for there to be a showery burst of rain coming along on the breeze. still, relatively mild at this stage in proceedings. 0n into the evening commute, we're still keeping that rain going across that eastern side of scotland, north—east
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of england too. and as far ahead as thursday, it is still that low pressure, that for the most part is dominating our weather, but just the first signs of a change as the weather front eases its way down and across the country, it opens the door to a colder, fresher, brighter regime which certainly, come thursday, some parts of scotland will be enjoying. but again across northern ireland, much of england and wales, quite a bit of cloud, there's rain across central and northern areas. the far south — drier, some sunshine around and still at this stage your temperatures here at least in double figures. however, as i take you from thursday to friday, goodbye, low pressure, hello, high pressure. but look at these run of isobars and the wind flowing from north to south and quite a bit of wind too down along those north sea coasts. but it's a colder, brighter, fresher sort of day. a crisp start to the day, quite a widespread frost i would've thought. and notice these temperatures. no longer 6—12, it's about 4 to — about at the very best — about 10 degrees or so. and that's how we start the weekend of the most part, it's cold, it's crisp, it's bright and it's dry
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until the next set of weather fronts become a real bother across the south—west of england and eventually into the southern parts of wales. but elsewhere, after that crisp start, it's a lovely, dry, sunny sort of day. variable amounts of cloud across the north of scotland, but what you'll notice is as you're stepping out is that those temperatures are well down into single figures — it feels pretty chilly. that weather front just about quitting the scene on into the near continent come sunday, a banner of cloud tempering the sunshine here, but elsewhere, plenty of sunshine, maybe one or two showers across the far north of scotland. but again, after a cold start, it's a cold day. bye— bye.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: a new warning from the united nations that time is running out to stop temperatures rising and a climate disaster. the un says global emissions need to fall by more than 7% every year over a decade to stop warming by more than 1.5 degrees. three senior figures in malta's government have stood down and angry crowds have booed the prime minister as police step up their investigation into the murder of the investigative journalist daphne ca ruana galizia. the resignations came from the chief of staff to the prime minister, the tourism minister and the economy minister. president trump has said he is going to designate mexico's drug cartels as terrorist organisations. under american law, individuals linked to terrorist organisations
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are banned from entering and have their assets in the us seized. the mexican foreign minister has said he doesn't the us to take that idea any further. now it's time for panorama. tonight on panorama, the truth about china's secret indoctrination camps. they are trying to fundamentally change an entire culture. leaked documents reveal how a superpower is trying to brainwash a million people. it looks like the nazi playbook to me. we have obtained secret government instructions to those who run the camps. never allow escapes, increase discipline and punishment.

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