much of it is misogynistic. death threats, threats of violence to some of my people here. look, there have been moments in which i have had anxiety attacks because of the level of threats. being called everything from a lying dog to a cheat, a traitor or death threats. these are some of the 330,000 abusive tweets that prospective mps have been enduring in the run—up to the election. but we wanted to really drill down into how much of this abuse was happening, who it was directed to, the nature of the abuse itself and how it was all connected so we teamed up with a thinktank, demos, to produce exclusive new numbers for the scale and nature of online abuse in the run—up to this general election. this isjosh. he has trained an algorithm to sift through millions of tweets to identify those that are abusive and aimed at candidates who were previously mps before parliament dissolved.
but the algorithm first needs to be trained by humans before it can sift through the millions of tweets. sojosh is teaching soila, a researcher on click, to help with this monumental task. crucial to this is how it this is bbc news. decides what is abusive the headlines: versus what's just fair criticism. that's where personaljudgement campaigning intensifies, as politicians canvas in key battle grounds, inevitably comes in. with just days until the country goes to the polls. what this gives us the opportunity to do is to say, right now, in british democracy, the conservatives say that is an insult. their australian—style the algorithm is about 70% accurate points—based immigration system and only includes candidates running for re—election. will control unskilled migration. but after just a few weeks, we want to bear down on migration, it revealed some startling results. particularly unskilled workers around 334, 000 tweets, who have no job to come to. around 7% of the total received by candidates, were insulting. meanwhile, labour set that is ten for every out their plans for social care, minute of the campaign, offering free personal care minute in, minute out. for older people in england, and a lot of the abuse and an additional £10 the mp5 received depended on their background, billion of funding. their gender and their stance on brexit. i want social care available for everybody all across the uk.
what's causeing this in india, insulting behaviour to arise? at least a0 people are killed some researchers suggest it is down to organised groups or disgruntled individuals. people who feel isolated from the mainstream but who now, thanks to social media, can enter the public conversation more easily than ever before. hate is a tactic used by various types of organisations and individuals. they are unified by a desire for someone to respond to them and we have. as a society, as individuals, we have been responding and engaging with this kind of hate forfar too long. and, so, for the first time in this general election, we have seen mainstream political actors using trolling techniques in order to amplify their message on social media. so, the three primary ones, the three main ones were honesty, intelligence and accusations of treachery. when ijoined josh, i was surprised to learn that the main party leaders were not the biggest targets of abuse — at least as a proportion
of all of their mentions. borisjohnson is down at the bottom. and jeremy corbyn isn't there at all. this is not a one—party issue is, is it? this is much deeper thanjust single attacks on someone. one candidate who received an awful lot of this was iain duncan smith. he is right down the bottom. he was also sworn at a lot, and if you are white, you are more likely to be called a traitor and sworn at than any other ethnicity we looked at. of course, there are human beings on the other side of the screen. i visited iain duncan smith's constituency and he told me his way of dealing with all of this is simply to never engage. the problem is sometimes with elections and things, they feed it a bit more because they tell everybody, actually, we all hate each other. we don't. i don't hate labour. i have a lot of labour friends. but the internet takes that bit of that anger and accelerates it in cos it makes it immediate and instantaneous and gratifying, like a drug.
but abuse is not something that happens online. ——that just happens online. a day after i visited his office, it was vandalised. one of the most surprising findings was that men overall received more abusive messages than women, but they weren't more threatening. angela smith is being called a traitorfour times more than the average candidate. this could be because she has recently changed parties. she is with the liberal democrats and voted against brexit. this was against the majority in her former constituency. and she says she has faced a torrent of abuse from anti—semitism to misogyny. in order to stay sane, i do not look at most of the abuse directed at me on twitter. i just don't think an individual can cope with that. and you can feel the anger behind the tweets and the anger
behind the use of capital letters, the aggression. and i find that frightening. so it seems whether you are leaving your party or taking a stance on brexit can make you many enemies online, as well. next, i wanted to see whether the type of abuse candidates received also tended to differ based on their ethnicity. what we saw here is that if you are a bame candidate you are more likely to be accused of being stupid, to be insulted for your intelligence. a good example is david lammy, who is insulted for his honesty and intelligence and sworn at an awful lot. early in the campaign, david lammy tweeted about a report he had overseen into the disproportionate number of black and ethnic minorities in the prison system, and even he, no stranger to online abuse, was taken aback by the response. i was staggered at the level of abuse that i received.
that is an indication ofjust how toxic things have become. most of the abusive tweets directed at me are really pushing deeply racist stereotypical tropes. they are tropes about being stupid. tropes about being lazy. they are tropes that involve the n word. so what does the research actually tell us? there is the scale. ten insults every minute of every day of the campaign. they cut across a political divide but they are also determined by what a candidate says and who they are. and for sure it is notjust happening on twitter and notjust happening to politicians. so i think one of the big questions we now have is, as politics with each passing day becomes more digital, how can we make it less angry? earlier this year, amazon web
services ran get it, a competition for children to design an app to solve a problem. the prize, bringing it to fruition. after stiff competition from various mental health and well—being concepts, this lot triumphed with their web app to transcribe school lessons for the deaf and hard of hearing. a few weeks after their win, i've come here to the team's school, bishop storford college prep, in order to find out a little more about what they are creating. so this is how we connect to the app and how it works. it connects to a teacher's phone and the teacher has a microphone so it will display what the teacher is saying in real—time on the student's phone so it will help them learn in class and understand the lesson more. can you tell me about your hearing issues and how this will hopefully help? i have 60% hearing loss and there
is often a lot of background noise when you focus on something. this app connects to your phone, you don't have to worry about the background noise, you just have to focus on the person speaking. how much of an issue do you find listening in the classroom? i find it hard when you sit at the front and people behind you are talking and you're trying focus on the teacher. and for lip reading they need to be facing your direction. yes. there is also the issue of children regularly needing hearing aids re—moulded as they grow. so how did they get started creating the app? we looked through what we had noted down and thought to ourselves how could we put it together so it would be something that works. nota gimmick. so after we found our target audience, we sent the information to amazon who judged it, and then the competition started. and you won. how did that feel? amazing. no—one could believe it.
when ready, the app will be opensource so it will be available to other schools. but the process so far, much like creating any tech, has come with its challenges. it is just a bit disappointing that it is not coming out perfect first time. it's an unrealistic standard, but it is a bit disappointing to know that there is a lot more work to be done on it. this is part of a bigger picture. the direction we push kids in, in an ever—changing world. there is a big misnomer about artificial intelligence. everybody talks about al but they don't explain to the youngsters what it means. ai is based on data. that is all that is. built—up data. and they can create things from data. that is a skill set that they can use in any walk of life going forward. that is it for the short cut of click this week.
the full version is on iplayer and you can watch it right now. thanks for watching and we will see you soon. hello, there is going to be an awful lot of whether to look out the week ahead. for the next few days, dominated by wind and rain. heavy rain or heavy showers, accompanied by gales or severe gales. it is probably the one that will have more ofan impact, probably the one that will have more of an impact, with some disruption possible in the strongest ones arriving right now towards the south—west of the uk. we have had a lot of showers coming in the strongest ones arriving right now towards the south—west of the uk. we have had a lot of showers coming
enduring today, but these two as far as the uk is concerned, the strongest ones overnight are across the south and west of wales and in the south and west of wales and in the south and west of wales and in the south—west of england. perhaps 75 miles an hour with gusts together with big waves and heavy rain for a while. most of that rain will clear quite windy just about while. most of that rain will clear quite windyjust about everywhere. the wind and rain. heavy rain or heavy showers, accompanied by gales oi’ heavy showers, accompanied by gales or severe gales. it is probably the strength of the one that will have more of an impact, with some disruption possible in the strongest ones arriving right now towards the south—west of the uk. we have had a lot of showers coming enduring today, but these two areas of cloud here are where we are seeing the one strengthening, and that has been hitting western parts of ireland. as far as the hitting western parts of ireland. as faras the uk hitting western parts of ireland. as far as the uk is concerned, the strongest ones overnight are across the south and west of wales and in the south and west of wales and in the south—west of england. perhaps 75 miles an hour with gusts together with big waves and heavy rain for a while. most of that rain will clear away, it will be quite windyjust about everywhere. the one direction the ridge of high pressure starting to build that will fade away. it will be mended for most of the day on the grassy coast. it will feel called to with quite a few showers at first. coming off the... gradually the showers tend to become fewer and lighter and a lot of places will be dry was some distance
and time. going to be a windy day, becomes less windy. it probably will feel colder. now, briefly during monday evening, as the wind drop, we may have a touch of prosperous eastern areas, but then the winds pick up later in the night and we draw these weather fronts and pick up draw these weather fronts and pick up milderairand bring draw these weather fronts and pick up milder air and bring some cloud and rain on tuesday. a couple of bands of rain pushing eastward. it is the second one that looks particularly wet and that is going to be accompanied by some squally winds too. temperatures, double figures for most of us, but the wind and rain is the story. that milder aireven and rain is the story. that milder air even get swept away is that rain band sweeps the rain clear of eastern parts of england and, then, colder air comes around that area of low pressure stuck to the north—west of the uk. gail is still possible in the north—west of scotland, otherwise not as one day on wednesday. a day of sunshine and some showers, some of them heavy. perhaps dundry again, pushing their way into eastern areas. it will be quite a chilly day with typical 00:12:54,674 --> 4294966103:13:29,430 temperatures only 6—7dc.