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tv   Our World  BBC News  December 15, 2019 3:30am-4:01am GMT

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marathon climate talks in madrid have been further extended into the night because of disagreements between delegates. the european union and others are pushing for more ambitious commitments on cutting carbon emissions. but, some of the biggest polluters, including the us, say they there's no need to change current plans. borisjohnson has visited northern england to greet new conservative mps elected in a region which is traditionally a labour stronghold. the british pm praised his new team and promised to repay the trust placed in him by people who voted conservative for the first time. the first national rally by italy's grassroots sardines movement has seen tens of thousands protest against the league, the right wing populist party. the demonstrators sang anti—fascist songs and waved cardboard sardines, a reference to their tactic of crowding into town squares like fish in a tin.
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it is the time of year again and the final of strictly come dancing has announced it when enough. we share the sparkle. kelvin and oti! a last—minute replacement after another contestant was injured, kelvin fletcher said he was honoured to have won strictly with his dance partner oti mabuse. it's such a privilege to be here. i think this show represents everything that is amazing with this country. i think the people personify what is great and it has just been an absolute privilege to... you're amazing! cheering and applause. announcer: kelvin fletcher and oti mabuse. # ain't no sunshine when she's gone...# they may not have been the judges‘ choice for champions, but tonight it was only public votes that counted and they won the viewers over. the judges described their rumba as "sensual and romantic". ..
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# and she's always gone too long. # any time she goes away...# ..said their samba left them speechless... # you know you make me wanna shout. ..# ..and called their show dance a tour de force. # hey, hey, hey, hey...# it earned them a standing ovation and rare praise from craig revel horwood. i loved every single minute of that. strictly, now more than 15 years old, remains one of tv‘s most watched shows with audiences of over 10 million — a significant achievement in an age where streaming services are increasingly attracting younger viewers. lizo mzimba, bbc news. now on bbc news, our world. as the push to save the planet gets even more urgent,
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one town has already cut its carbon emissions by 80%. we have been not waiting for the world to tackle climate change. we want to do it ourselves. ii, in northern finland, is one of the greenest towns in europe. powered by 100% renewable energy. the town's children already play a role in energy—saving ways of living. people still hunt and fish as part of their everyday lives. we have a trap there. we hope they are big pikes, but we will see. but could there be a cost to being europe's greenest town?
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this is one of europe's most eco—friendly places. this small town of 10,000 people in northern finland has cut co2 emissions by 80%. elsewhere in europe, the average rate of reduction is less than 20%. this woman is leading the green revolution in ii. this is the city with all these fresh ideas for how to really tackle climate change. by 2025, ii wants to be the first town in the world to produce zero waste. a goal embraced by all generations. we are heading to the centre of ii. it's houses from 18th century.
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the changes started seven years ago. ii stopped burning fossil fuels and began to build wind farms. they've switched to renewable energy only. wind, hydro, solar, and geothermal. we understood in ii, seven years ago, that climate change is not coming, climate change is here. and we cannot expect the rest of the world to do anything for our sake. we need to try to do our best, and take this into our own hands. they believe the key is early education. this primary school has 100 children aged 7—12 years old. in all schools across town, older kids mentor younger kids
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about climate change. in our school, we do something very similar. 15—year—old kia is one of the mentors. i have had great help to younger children to do the better choices and help the environment. they are doing so well already. it's sofia and 0tto's job to check if the classrooms have the right temperature and lighting levels.
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there is going on big climate crisis. we have to work together to stop climate change and help the environment. many of you may think, what can one human do? well, actually, the small, better choices that we make to switch off the lights, that's probably the easiest thing you can do. when you combine them all together, it really makes a big change. all schools in ii get back 50% of the money they have saved on utility bills. the other 50% goes back to the local authority. these certificates are from the 50/50 project.
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we have saved lots of money and students can themselves decide the way they use this money. for example, those flats you saw before have been bought with this money. ii has got only two supermarkets. people make a big effort to eat locally—produced food. hunting and fishing is an important part of everyday life. this man is a retired engineer. he is heading to a river near ii where finland's biggest pike was caught. we hunt moose and we catch fish, and we get also berries in the summer but we are going
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to take some fish from the lake. we have a trap there, we hope there are big pikes, but we will see. 0nly little fish! maybe 30, a0. but maybe we put it back. fishing is a matter of luck. we have no luck today. next to the kovjoki river is one of europe's biggest peatlands. here, people have been burning peat for centuries to generate electricity.
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but peat can store twice as much carbon as forests, so now they are being restored to fight climate change. this man is the landowner. he used to be the chairman of the local electricity company. i do this because i want this peatland to be as it used to be. this is, of course, very little thing in the global scale, but this is something concrete. i like concrete things. he believes we need everyone in the world to fight climate change. it is an investment for the future of our planet, in a very small scale. it's not in that way that i do it only to make myself feel good, but i know that if i can contribute to this, maybe other people want to do the same thing.
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ii has made headlines around the world for fighting climate change, and others want to follow in their footsteps. lena has been invited to speak at a conference attended by more than 200 politicians, scientists, and youth leaders. i am going to tell about possibilities at the local level. what can cities, municipalities, towns do to tackle climate change? the european union, with the new commission, why not start here with the forest and peatlands and make it perfect... it is a perfect... we can do that. please welcome the clomid
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hero of europe. so far we have received investment outside of ii of 119 million euros, purely for the climate change action. 0nly 119 million euros, purely for the climate change action. only the wind energy sector is producing 1.5 million euros every year for the city budget. we have created at least 80 jobs that we would not have without the climate change actions that we do stop there are delegates from all over the world here. wonderful to meet you.|j from all over the world here. wonderfulto meet you. i was transfixed with ii. five and a half million people live in this country.
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what we can do and how we can show. she's convinced the efforts to cut emissions will make an impact. she's convinced the efforts to cut emissions will make an impactm she's convinced the efforts to cut emissions will make an impact. it is easy to say it does not matter what we do, it depends on what china and the us does. there is no—one else. it is asked. yes, we are in an emergency situation, yes, we need to doa emergency situation, yes, we need to do a lot but i am very optimistic. i ama do a lot but i am very optimistic. i am a mother of two children. now, wind turbines cover 30% of the town's energy needs. hydro power accounts for the other two—thirds. and the investment in renewable energy has paid off. ii produces ten times more clean energy than it consumes. it sells the surplus energy to the grid and generates 2 million
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euros in revenues for the town. and there are more financial benefits. ii has a strong sense of community and tackling climate change seems to bring people together. hello! the town hopes to reach its goal of zero waste in five years' time. at this meeting tonight in the northern part of ii, they're discussing how to help do this.
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warm welcome to our home. laughter. 0ur climate week — climate friendly week. yes. speaks finnish. so the village has this new plan, a weekly plan. so, on monday, you exercise. 0n tuesdays, you only eat veggies, yeah? yes. 0n wednesdays... speaks finnish. you collect. yes. speaks finnish. thursdays, you go to the marketplaces and you exchange what you have — like a shared economy idea. and on fridays? speaks finnish. you don't buy anything. yes, the weekend? laughter. residents seem to be eager to sign up anita's plan for environmentally friendly living. but the mood changes when they start discussing the second item on tonight's agenda.
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argh! a proposal to build a new wind farm in the forest right next to the village. people are worried that they'll be losing their bond with nature, but there are other issues too. the power from those wind turbines is going to the people who live in south finland. it's not going to stay in our area. so we think it should — they should produce it there, closer to people who actually are going to use it. so it's like they are going to get all of the benefits and we are going to get everything that's not so good. it's not fair. it's like we pay the price and they look good, having the green energy.
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the proposed new wind farm will generate enough electricity for 55,000 homes but the sheer size of the project is causing concern. anita is setting off in the snow to meet ari, the town's mayor, to explain why her community is so worried. we won't be winner. we won't be loser. we want only compromise. they want to build 63 windmill. oh, what a trip! but ari, nice to see you!
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two—thirds of the energy ii needs is provided by hydroelectric power stations. but it has a drawback in a town traditionally built on fishing. so this is the fish farm here in ii. there is a lot of small
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fishes, salmon, trout. a little bit more than 1 million fish are here. salmon are migratory and make their way up the river to breed. but the dam walls and turbines brought a stop to this. in an effort to bolster the number, the hydro power station is funding a breeding programme to compensate for the falling fish stocks. to measure the effectiveness of the breeding programme, workers mark the fish by removing their top fin before releasing them into the river. of course, green or clean energy is very good, but there's also a negative impact. so without this type of actions, there will be no fish any more. ii has seen a 50% drop in energy use in the last ten years and waste has been cut by 25%.
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mum always says that ten minutes is enough. kiia, the 15—year—old climate leader, is using leftoverfood to make pancakes with herfriends. i quite oftenjust look at the fridge and do a meal or some dessert out of leftovers, like, for example, pancakes or pizza. it's important to not always buy new food. of course, it saves energy and also, the packing materials like plastic. we stopped using plastic straws. we have bamboo stores now. we recycle everything. we're pretty strict. it's not bubbling hard enough yet. is there enough flour in this? because i think it's... the girls are concerned about climate change but they're hopeful they can have an impact. i'm not mad, i'm just worried about and kinda frustrated about the stage of this planet.
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if we, like, work together and like, believe that's really happening, yeah, i think we can stop it. we just get these big leaders to believe in it, i think everything's pretty much possible. i think it's important to eat food that's, like, grown locally and not, like, shipped from other countries, like avocados or bananas. even in the winter, i go to school by bike. it takes time to get there more than in the autumn or spring because, you know, there's a lot of snow, but i can deal with it. over the last few years, ii has become a green champion. it's only happened because of the collective effort of the community.
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and tackling climate change brings people together. we are ready! yes! there we go! yes. it's so good to see you! every week, we are just gathering together and jumping in the frozen river. it's something that we do together. this is my team, who works for the climate change mitigation. we do it every thursday, go together, jump in the freezing river, and then we feel so good. we feel like a newborn baby when we've done that, yeah. it feels so good because it makes you feel alive. nothing else makes you feel this good! you are a part of nature. you are — you have all the power in the world.
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and you do it together — that's the thing. for us finns, it is very important to be in the nature. we do find our peace, our soul, in the forest. the most beautiful thing, though, is the collaboration with the schools. so the children learn that it is possible to make actions for the better of environment and climate, and it is also profitable at the same time. we have been able to cut co2 emissions so much,
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and i do hope that everybody in the world would find the same will and want to do it, because it is possible. hello there. by the time the sun rises, we'll have ticked just about every weather box through the night — rain, hail, sleet, snow, a bit of thunder, and some gusty winds. all kept going overnight by this area of low pressure to the north of us. strong and gusty winds on the south feeding those showers across the country. but adding to all that, with some clearer skies between them, temperatures have dropped low enough for some ice
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around to begin with. but the day ahead, actually, not looking too bad. lots of dry and sunny weather around. but, as i said, it starts on a cold note. anywhere, really, from north wales northward, greatest risk of frost and ice. and it's here over the hills, most likely to wake up to a coating of snow, too. but the showers we have to start the day will gradually fade away for many. a few will continue across scotland. lots of dry and sunny weatherfor a time. some in central and eastern parts staying dry and sunny throughout. but into the afternoon, southern and western areas, those showers get going again — rain, hail, sleet, snow, and the winds will start to pick up. now, the winds not as strong as they were through saturday. but the hebrides and towards the south—west, we could see gales, if not severe gales, develop later in the day. temperatures in the south, though, 9—10 degrees, tempered by the strength of the wind. a chilly day. scotland and northern ireland, only 2—4 celsius for the vast majority. and with the showers picking up through sunday night, we'll see those develop more widely, the breeze becoming more of a note as well. the greatest chance of some hill snow with a covering — parts of northern england, southern scotland, and northern ireland, too.
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and very windy by the end of the night, western scotland and northern ireland. but it still won't stop the temperatures from dropping. many places again close to a frost, if not some icy conditions, to start the new working week. so here we go we go for monday. a few showers across england and wales, particularly around the coast. many will have a dry and sunny day before cloud increases from the south later. some very lively showers to the north of northern ireland with gale force winds — potentially 60—70 mile gusts can't be ruled out. and we'll see some heavy snowfall across the higher ground of central and northern scotland. a chilly day to come here once more. but with that gathering cloud towards the south comes a bit of a question mark in the forecast. just how much this weather front will influence us as we go through monday night into tuesday. it could be a bit further east, many more of us have a dry day. but this is potentially the story for tuesday. lots of rain across central and eastern england and it could be cold enough over the very tops of the hills to see a bit of sleet and snow mixed in. many, though, to the north and west of the country, either way, will have a drier day, just one or two isolated showers. another chilly day for most.
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and even if that weather front does affect us, it will clear out the way as we go through tuesday night into wednesday. meaning the rest of the week, well, with strong, southerly winds developing, temperatures on the rise, and rain becoming more widespread.
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this is bbc news. welcome if you're watching here in the uk or around the globe. i'm james reynolds. our top stories: extra time for climate talks in madrid — as delegates struggle to agree on crucial measures to tackle global warming. if we cannot agree an ambitious decision, we would have failed to address the hopes of the people that are waiting for us in our countries. borisjohnson promises to repay the trust of former labour supporters whose votes helped him to victory in thursday's election. arsenal distance themselves from comments made by mesut 0zil, their star player, who criticised china over treatment of uighur muslims. and tens of thousands take to the streets of rome to protest against the italian far right league party.


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