hello. this is bbc world news. the headlines: un climate talks have finally ended in madrid. delegates agreed a compromise on increasing the global response to curbing carbon. it s expected that all countries will need to make new climate pledges by the next major conference in 2020. the us and uk have issued travel warnings for northeast india after days of violent clashes. six people have died during protests against a new law which grants citizenship to non—muslim refugees who have fled religious persecution in neighbouring countries. a strong earthquake reaching a magnitude of 6.8 has struck the island of mindanao in the southern philippines. a six—year—old girl has died after a wall collapsed during the quake.
china's state broadcaster has cancelled the screening of an arsenal match after one of clubs star players, mesut ozil, made comments online criticising the chinese government's treatment of uighur muslims. at 10 o'clock, martine croxall will be here with a full round—up of the day's news. first, our world is in finland to see how a small place in northern finland managed to become europe s most eco—friendly town. ii has slashed its co2 emissions by 80% and is producing ten times more renewable energy than it consumes. this community project could be an inspiration for us all, but such rapid change is not without opposition. as the push to save the planet gets even more urgent, one town has already cut its carbon emissions by 80%.
we have been not waiting for the world to tackle climate change. we want to do it ourselves. ii, in northern finland, is one of the greenest towns in europe. powered by 100% renewable energy. the town's children already play a role in energy—saving ways of living. people still hunt and fish as part of their everyday lives. we have a trap there. we hope they are big pikes, but we will see. but could there be a cost to being europe's greenest town?
this is one of europe's most eco—friendly places. this small town of 10,000 people in northern finland has cut co2 emissions by 80%. elsewhere in europe, the average rate of reduction is less than 20%. this woman is leading the green revolution in ii. this is the city with all these fresh ideas for how to really tackle climate change. by 2025, ii wants to be the first town in the world to produce zero waste. a goal embraced by all generations. we are heading to the centre of ii. it is houses from the 18th century. the changes started seven years ago.
ii stopped burning fossil fuels and began to build wind farms. they've switched to renewable energy only. wind, hydro, solar, and geothermal. we understood in ii, seven years ago, that climate change is not coming, climate change is here. and we cannot expect the rest of the world to do anything for our sake. we need to try to do our best, and take this into our own hands. they believe the key is early education. this primary school has 100 children aged 7—12 years old.
in all schools across town, older kids mentor younger kids about climate change. in our school, we do something very similar. 15—year—old kia is one of the mentors. i have to help younger children to do the better choices and help the environment. they are doing so well already. it's sofia and 0tto‘s job to check if the classrooms have the right temperature and lighting levels.
there is, going on, a big climate crisis. we have to work together to stop climate change and help the environment. many of you may think, what can one human do? well, actually, the small, better choices that we make to switch off the lights, that's probably the easiest thing you can do. when you combine them all together, it really makes a big change. all schools in ii get back 50% of the money they have saved on utility bills. the other 50% goes back to the local authority. these certificates are from the 50/50 project. we have saved lots of money and students can themselves decide the way they use this money.
for example, those flats you saw before have been bought with this money. ii has got only two supermarkets. people make a big effort to eat locally—produced food. hunting and fishing is an important part of everyday life. this man is a retired engineer. he is heading to a river near ii where finland's biggest pike was caught. we hunt moose and we catch fish, and we get also berries in the summer but we are going to take some fish from the lake. we have a trap there, we hope there are big pikes, but we will see.
0nly little fish! maybe 30, a0. but maybe we put it back. fishing is a matter of luck. we have no luck today. next to the kovjoki river is one of europe's biggest peatlands. here, people have been burning peat for centuries to generate electricity. but peat can store twice as much carbon as forests, so now they are being restored to fight climate change.
this man is the landowner. he used to be the chairman of the local electricity company. i do this because i want this peatland to be as it used to be. this is, of course, very little thing in the global scale, but this is something concrete. i like concrete things. he believes we need everyone in the world to fight climate change. it is an investment for the future of our planet, on a very small scale. it's not charity in that way that i do it only to make myself feel good, but i know that if i can contribute to this, maybe other people want to do the same thing. ii has made headlines around the world for fighting climate change, and others want to follow
in their footsteps. leena has been invited to speak at a conference attended by more than 200 politicians, scientists, and youth leaders. i am going to tell about possibilities at the local level. what can cities, municipalities, towns do to tackle climate change? the european union, with the new commission, one of the new targets to open this green financing so why not start here with the forest and peatlands and make it... ..perfect project for climate wants... yes, yes. so we shall develop something out of that. it would be great. please welcome leena, from the municipality of ii, a place also known as the climate hero of europe.
so far we have received investment from outside of ii of 190 million euros, solely and purely for the climate change actions. only the wind energy sector is producing in ii taxation of about 1.5 million euros every year for the city budget. we have created at least 80 jobs that we would not have without the climate change actions that we do. there are delegates from all over the world here. wonderful to meet you. i was transfixed with ii. there are 5.5 million people living in finland. they're responsible for 0.1% of the world's co2 emissions. 0k. like, what we can do and how we can share that... leena is still convinced their efforts to cut greenhouse gases will make a global impact.
it is so very easy for us to say that it does not matter what we do, it depends on what china does or what the us does. it is... there is no—one else. it is us. yes, we are in an emergency situation. yes, we need to do a lot. but i am very optimistic. i am a mother of two children and whatever i do, i am sure they will do better. ii used to rely on oil, wood and hydroelectric power. now wind turbines cover 30% of the town's energy needs. hydro power accounts for the other two—thirds. and the investment in renewable energy has paid off. ii produces ten times more clean energy than it consumes. it sells the surplus energy to the grid and generates 2 million euros in revenues for the town. and there are more
financial benefits. ii has a strong sense of community and tackling climate change seems to bring people together. hello! the town hopes to reach its goal of zero waste in five years‘ time. at this meeting tonight in the northern part of ii, they're discussing how to help do this. a warm welcome to our home. they laughter
0ur climate week — climate friendly week. yes. she speaks finnish so the village has this new plan, a weekly plan. so, on monday, you exercise. 0n tuesdays, you only eat veggies, yeah? yes. 0n wednesdays... she speaks finnish you collect. you circle what you have and you collect. yes. thursdays, you go to the marketplaces and you exchange what you have, like a shared economy idea. and on fridays? she speaks finnish you don't buy anything. yes, the weekend? they laugh residents seem to be eager to sign up anita's plan for environmentally friendly living. but the mood changes when they start discussing the second item on tonight's agenda. argh! a proposal to build a new wind farm in the forest right next
to the village. people are worried that they'll be losing their bond with nature, but there are other issues too. the power from those wind turbines is going to the people who live in south finland. it's not going to stay in our area. so we think it should — they should produce it there, closer to people who actually are going to use it. so it's like they are going to get all of the benefits and we are going to get everything that's not so good. it's not fair. it's like we pay the price and they look good, having the green energy. the proposed new wind farm will generate enough electricity
for 55,000 homes but the sheer size of the project is causing concern. anita is setting off in the snow to meet ari, the town's mayor, to explain why her community is so worried. we won't be winner. we won't be loser. we want only compromise. they want to build 63 windmill. oh, what a trip! but ari, nice to see you!
salmon are migratory and make their way up the river to breed. but the dam walls and turbines brought a stop to this. in an effort to bolster the number, the hydro power station is funding a breeding programme to compensate for the falling fish stocks. to measure the effectiveness of the breeding programme, workers mark the fish by removing their top fin before releasing them into the river. of course, green or clean energy is very good, but there's also a negative impact. so without this type of actions, there will be no fish any more. ii has seen a 50% drop in energy use in the last ten years and waste has been cut by 25%. mum always says that ten minutes is enough. kiia, the 15—year—old climate leader, is using leftoverfood
to make pancakes with herfriends. i quite oftenjust look at the fridge and do a meal or some dessert out of leftovers, like, for example, pancakes or pizza. it's important to not always buy new food. of course, it saves energy and also, the packing materials like plastic. we stopped using plastic straws. we have bamboo stores now. we recycle everything. we're pretty strict. it's not bubbling hard enough yet. is there enough flour in this? because i think it's... the girls are concerned about climate change but they're hopeful they can have an impact. i'm not mad, i'm just worried about and kinda frustrated about the stage of this planet. if we, like, work together and like, believe that's really happening,
yeah, i think we can stop it. we just get these big leaders to believe in it, i think everything's pretty much possible. i think it's important to eat food that's, like, grown locally and not, like, shipped from other countries, like avocados or bananas. even in the winter, i go to school by bike. it takes time to get there more than in the autumn or spring because, you know, there's a lot of snow, but i can deal with it. over the last few years, ii has become a green champion. it's only happened because of the collective effort of the community. and tackling climate change brings people together.
we are ready! yes! there we go! yes. it's so good to see you! every week, we are just gathering together and jumping in the frozen river. it's something that we do together. this is my team, who works for the climate change mitigation. we do it every thursday, go together, jump in the freezing river, and then we feel so good. we feel like a newborn baby when we've done that, yeah. it feels so good because it makes you feel alive. nothing else makes you feel this good! you are a part of nature. you are — you have all the power in the world. and you do it together — that's the thing.
for us finns, it is very important to be in the nature. we do find our peace, our soul, in the forest. the most beautiful thing, though, is the collaboration with the schools. so the children learn that it is possible to make actions for the better of environment and climate, and it is also profitable at the same time. we have been able to cut co2 emissions so much, and i do hope that everybody in the world would find the same will and want to do it,
because it is possible. it has been a windy and wintry sort of we can. we have had some heavy showers and rain and hail at lower levels and snow over the higher ground in the north. this is the picture of a sunset in dover. still some showers around there but through the rest of the coming week. the unsettled theme continues with a mix of sunshine and showers, when they will probably be the driest day
of the week and then things will turn milder and windier later on in the week. monday morning starts with afairamount of the week. monday morning starts with a fair amount of sunshine, a cold icy start in particularly in northern england and scotland. through the day, the most frequent heaviest showers will be across northern ireland and west of scotland. those showers may have sleet and snow over the higher grounds. for england and wales, quite a lot of dry weather. lighter winds with some sunshine. temperatures about four to 10 degrees but it will cloud over in the south east with a few showers later on in the day and that is courtesy of this frontal system. that is likely to put into parts of south—east england. clear skies elsewhere and under them we are likely to see some fog so tuesday morning may well dawn some locally dense fog patches which could be slow to clear. the south—east starts with patchy rain. it is psychically is off to the east later on. more
sunshine developing widely and dry weather by tuesday afternoon. still quite chilly, four to 9 degrees. heading through tuesday night into wednesday we have a ridge of high pressure so wednesday we have a ridge of high pressure so a window of dryer quieter weather and under those clear skies, wednesday morning is likely to be the coldest of the week soa likely to be the coldest of the week so a frost light clearly and that should clear away fairly quickly. that's before the next area of pressure m oves that's before the next area of pressure moves in from the west so some rain moving in. freshening wind as well, temperatures hit about 10 degrees but further east a bit of sunshine, only about four to seven celsius. looking to thursday and low pressure remains out to the west but we'll pressure remains out to the west but we' ll start pressure remains out to the west but we'll start to see whether france working their way northwards across the uk. that means showers in store for thursday, some hill note for scotla nd for thursday, some hill note for scotland for a time and a southerly
breeze so it will be a bit mild. we are back into double figures widely, eight or 9 degrees across scotland and northern ireland but a showery blustery feel across england. it is likely another area of pressure when moving from the south but there is still some uncertainty about the detailed position of any of this rainfall. it looks most likely that rainfall. it looks most likely that rain will put its way northwards across mainland parts of britain through the day and northern ireland is looking mostly dry with some sunshine. temperatures still relatively mild, around eight to 11 degrees on friday. looking ahead to next weekend and beyond, it doesn't looks like we will start off with reasonable mild air without southerly influence. as we head into christmas week, just a hint that things could turn colder especially across northern parts of the uk. looking further ahead into christmas week it looks like things will be fairly unsettled, telling a bit colder especially in the north but a chance of a bit of hill snow.
this is bbc news. i'm martine croxall. the headlines at 10: labour's leaders apologise for the party's crushing defeat in last week's general election. jeremy corbyn and the shadow chancellor take the blame. it's on me, let's take it on the chin. i own this disaster, so i apologise. i apologise to all those wonderful labour mps who have lost their seats who worked so hard. nicola sturgeon renews her call for a second referendum on scottish independence, saying the people of scotland mustn't be kept in the union against their will. the climate change talks in madrid end with a compromise agreement to toughen up carbon—cutting pledges before the next conference. a british man has been killed and his step—son wounded