tv Outside Source BBC News May 4, 2020 8:00pm-8:31pm BST
hello, i'm babita sharma. this is outside source on bbc news for viewers in the uk and around the world. we're covering all the latest coronavirus developments here in britain and globally. world leaders from 30 countries pledge $8 billion to help develop a coronavirus vaccine at an online summit. the president of the eu commission calls it the start of unprecedented global co—operation. the 4th of may 2020 will mark a turning point in ourfight against the coronavirus. millions of people in the uk
will soon be asked to track their movements as part of a new contact tracing app. the government want to roll it out later this month. italians have gone back to work for the first time since the country imposed a national lockdown two months ago — but the economic and social impact is yet to be measured. scientists have discovered a microbe that completely protects mosquitoes from being infected with malaria. we'll speak to the lead scientist about just how significant this is in controlling the disease. welcome. the european commission has launched a global campaign to find a cure for the coronavirus. it says research must be supported by global cooperation if the effort is to succeed. in just a few hours, the eu secured $8 billion the eu secured $8 billion in pledges — contributed by world leaders to accelerate the hunt for a vaccine. $1 billion will come from the eu itself, which the commission president says will also go towards developing tests and treatment for covid—i9.
the 4th of may 2020 will mark a turning point in ourfight against the coronavirus, because today the world is coming together. governments from every continent willjoin hand governments from every continent will join hand and governments from every continent willjoin hand and team up with global health organisations and other experienced partners. the purpose are many, the goal is one, to defeat this virus. world leaders from 30 countries dialled into the summit announcing their pledges one by one via videolink. norway committed to $1 billion, angela merkel and emmanuel macron pledged half a billion from germany and france each, while non—eu members from the uk and japan, to saudi arabia and south africa, vowed to contribute too. our europe correspondent gavin lee sent this update. it's probably no coincidence that the people who make eurovision, ebu, and it's not on this year, perhaps it makes up for the fact that there
was more than a nod i think to the way they were doing this, with a ursula von der leyen crossing from paris to germany, saying they are sea, paris to germany, saying they are sea , grassy as paris to germany, saying they are sea, grassy as to the french and spanish premises, many technical problems in there as well —— saying merci and gracias. it was either pre—recorded or a life pitch, there was a message from the leader, for example emmanuel macron, the french president, saying this has to be for a vaccine that is universal, for eve ryo ne a vaccine that is universal, for everyone to use in this $8 billion that has to be something everyone can that has to be something everyone ca n a ccess that has to be something everyone can access and it is affordable. with that came a pitch from every single country. one country notably absent from the summit was the us. the trump administration says that thanks to its own efforts — dubbed ‘0peration warp speed' — the us is working urgently to develop a cure for the virus. last night, president trump predicted that american firms would develop a vaccine by the end of the year — although he acknowledged the projection was his own — and a shorter timeline than the one
doctors from his own administration are working with. we are pushing very hard. we are building supply lines now, we don't even have the final vaccine. johnson &johnson, if you look even have the final vaccine. johnson & johnson, if you look at johnson and johnson is doing it, we have many companies are i think close, because i knit with the heads of them andl because i knit with the heads of them and i find it a very interesting subject because it's so important. but i think we will have a vaccine by the end of the year. let's bring in barbara plett usher, our state department correspondent, who's in washington. barbara, you were at the presser, the briefing by senior trump administration officials, and you asked them why the us was not at the pledging conference. what did they say? they were asked that actually four times, say? they were asked that actually fourtimes, and say? they were asked that actually four times, and they didn't give us a clear answer at all. instead, we we re a clear answer at all. instead, we were blasted by statistics about what they were doing and declarations that the us is at the
forefront, that the international fight against covid—i9, the main international donor, and the numbers are impressive stop they sent $65 billion if you put together what the government and the private sector is giving to fight the pandemic. they said they were already giving money to many of these organisations for which the vaccine conference was raising money and that this was not about pulling back from multinational —— multilateral institutions, quite the reverse, they were coordinating with the g7 and the g20 and would continue working together with european partners, so all of that sounded like an explanation for why they should have been at the conference really. it might have been an explanation as to who was there, the chinese were there, and the trump administration has stepped up its criticism, of china, accusing it of covering up crucial information at the beginning of the outbreak which then led to a growing worldwide, but also the world health organisation was there and the trump administration has cut off the who, saying it is not an effective body
and it should have challenge china about the information it was getting. but i'm reading between the lines, we were definitely not given a clear answer like that, it was not spelt out. whether us was not there. i suppose that so you can do. they we re i suppose that so you can do. they were talking about operation warp speed, the vaccination programme. what did they say about what the us is doing in its own vaccine programme, and covid—i9 research in general? again, we were told they were extremely active on the vaccination front, they were giving billions and billions of dollars, again both the government and the private sector towards research on drugs and so on, and the point was made to them it is not just about money and the point was made to them it is notjust about money of course, this is about international coordination ofa is about international coordination of a vaccine and shouldn't the usb there? again, they came back to a saying we have put out reams of research and resources, so they said, 52,000 pages of scientific articles on covid—i9 that were being used around the world, they had
unleashed supercomputers that were being used in public private partnerships with technology companies and with universities and this had led to dozens of research projects again that involved international participation. so we did geta international participation. so we did get a full throated description of the us being very active on this front, just not being active at a global conference on finding a vaccine. 0k, barbara, thank you very much for the update. later in the programme, we'll look at how countries around the world are beginning to lift some of their restrictions. but first — let's update you on some of the developments here in the uk. today the british government announced a new contact—tracing smartphone app that it aims to roll out nationwide later this month. it is being trialled this week in the isle of wight, as part of the government's test, track and trace strategy, which will be central to its efforts in slowing the spread of coronavirus. our health editor, hugh pym, reports. so how does the app work? it uses a
bluetooth signal. 0nce so how does the app work? it uses a bluetooth signal. once you come to others with the app, it will be recorded on the phone. if you record you have symptoms, contacts within the last seven days will be alerted through their phones and they will then need to self—isolate. so what about personal privacy? designers say downloading the app won't require any details apart from a postcode, and data security is at the heart of the project, though some say future development will need to be monitored. we need to ensure that there is respect for core data protection principles, and here i would in particular highlight purpose limitation, so that is the idea that we create something for a specific purpose and that we then don't re—purpose it. specific purpose and that we then don't re-purpose it. scientists involved in the plan say the app can't do the job on its own. that has to be part of an overall strategy, involving less testing to work out who has got the virus and where, and at least 18,000 officials to do the contact tracing, especially for patients who don't have the app.
at today's coronavirus briefing, the health secretary matt hancock announced that on sunday 85,186 coronavirus tests were carried out across the uk, below the government daily target of 100,000. as of today, another 288 people had died after testing positive for coronavirus. it brings the total number of these deaths in the uk so far to 28,7311. and also today, the uk tax service says, as of midnight on sunday, 6.3 million people are on the government furlough scheme, keeping people in employment while businesses remain shut because of coronavirus. our business editor simonjack has been looking at how to get people back to work safely in the midst of a pandemic sot making the workplace work. at the bentley factory, workers are returning after a seven—week lay—off. with two—metre distancing, protective equipment and temperature checks, their boss is convinced it is safe to return,
even though the two—metre rule will mean working at half capacity. it is a micromanagement operation, but it is life and death if we don't get it right, so we are passionate about this and we can see a way through it for our type of operation, even with the two metres, by halving the production. but, certainly, if it can come down to one metre, that would be almost business as usualfor us. in total, there are seven sets of guidelines for seven different types of working environments — but there are some common denominators. chief among them, if you don't need your employees at work, let them work from home. other common themes include hand washing at entry and exit points, limit or stop the sharing of desks and equipment and minimise face—to—face meetings. as we saw with health, the issue of protective equipment could prove a major problem if millions of returning employees need it at work or while travelling to and from work. where will employers get it? will they compete with the nhs for vital supplies? today's guidelines said nothing
other than more details to follow. the prime minister is expected to give more details on what relaxing the uk's lockdown will look like on sunday. here's our political editor laura kuenssberg on what to expect. broadly, it is not going to be quick and it is certainly not going to be straightforward, and when we do here from borisjohnson straightforward, and when we do here from boris johnson on straightforward, and when we do here from borisjohnson on sunday, i think what he will be doing is sketching out a menu, a possible route out of all of this rather than clicking his fingers and telling us it is suddenly all over. and in fact the first minister in edinburgh nicola sturgeon said today she expected to be renewing the current restrictions on thursday, and it is unlikely the uk government want to also do that. the two governments as well as —— would not also do that. the two governments, as well as northern ireland and wales have been trying to stick together as much as possible so they will be nothing like flinging the doors open any time soon. stay with us on 0ustide source, still to come: we'll take a look
at the different approaches taken by individual governments as countries begin to ease their coronavirus restrictions and return to a ‘new normalcy‘. the scottish government hopes to have a testing and tracing system to suppress coronavirus in place by the end of may. thousands of contact tracing staff are to be taken on, and new digital tools including an app are being developed. here's first minister, nicola sturgeon speaking earlier. it is not a quick fix or a magic solution. it will have to be combined with continued physical distance and, rigorous hygiene and the appropriate use of face coverings, and crucially it will mean you with the public knowing exactly what it is we're asking you to do and why, and being prepared to do it. that means if you have symptoms you need to recognise them and be willing to isolate, contact the nhs and get tested, and also be
prepared to share details of anyone you have been in contact with. and for all of us, it will mean being prepared to isolate for 1h days if we have contacted, —— if we are contacted and told we have been in close proximity to someone with the virus. this is 0utside source, live from the bbc news room. world leaders from 30 countries pledge eight billion dollars to help develop a coronavirus vaccine at an online summit. the eu commission president has called it the start of unprecedented global co—operation. a raft of countries have started to ease their lockdowns. in each case the decision has followed the rate of infection beginning to fall. ros atkins has been looking at what's happening. hi, ros. good to see you.
thanks babita. four and a half million italians are back at work. after almost two months of lockdown, the restrictions are being eased — a little. construction sites and parks are open again — and, perhaps most importantly — people can visit relatives, though only if they live in the same region. there's also one big difference from life before — everyone going out has to wear a facemask. let's hear from naples in the south of italy. mark lowen is there. a nation that has shed so many tears alone, can finally grieve together. in naples today, the first funerals allowed with a maximum of 15 people, as italy opens up. being unable to say goodbye or visit graves has been one of cruellest losses of the lockdown. as the world's longest shut down of the pandemic starts to fade, outdoor exercise is now allowed. parks and some businesses are re—opening and relatives can see each other again, with distance and masks. so finally people can visit the family members they have been stopped from seeing for eight long
weeks but it does present a danger. this train has come in from milan in the region of italy worst hit by the virus. so with freedom comes the hugely increased risk of spreading the outbreak. keep your distance, they are warned, before everyone fills in a form to explain why they are here. europe's worst hit country is taking no chances. 0livia last saw her daughter who lives in milan injanuary. resisting a motherly urge is tough. normality so near, yet so far. so it is very moving. it has been difficult to not see her? yeah. quite a lot, yeah. sorry. but the lockdown has left deep scars. we were taken by police to one of the roughest areas of one of the eu's poorest regions. the worry here is of organised
crime preying on poverty. this man says with work stopped he may have to sell his tv to get by. there has been lots more crime since the lockdown, even kids stealing drugs and cars since they need toe eat. the mafia has exploited italy's moment of weakness and this is is one of those moment, they give people help but ask for drug dealing or money in exchange. a health crisis has become a social one. and this is what other countries too may face, as they re—open from a lockdown that is stopping the dying, but killing the economy. italy isn't the only country starting to ease restrictions. let's hear from four bbc correspondents in europe, the middle east and africa. first, here's adam easton in poland. here in poland, they are reopening museums, hotels and shopping centres
like the one behind me, which have been close now for seven weeks. the number of customers is limited, and they must observe social distancing and wearface they must observe social distancing and wear face coverings and protective gloves. poland was quick to introduce a strick lockdown, and the number of coronavirus infections and deaths here is much, much lower than in many western european countries. that's why the government is slowly easing the restrictions to restart the economy. but the number of cases is still rising, and many pa rents a re of cases is still rising, and many parents are worried it is not safe yet to send their children back to nurseries and preschools when they reopen later this week. here in austria, all of the shops are now open again, including hairdressers, barbers and beauty salons, and the individual recommendations that people stay—at—home, except for a few key reasons have expired, which means that people are free to leave their homes, although when they are in public they are being asked to
keep at least one metre's distance from everybody else. you are now allowed to have an event with a gathering of up to ten people, but if you want to go to a shop or use public transport, you have to use a basic face mask, covering your nose and mouth. now, if everything goes well, the government says that restaurants and cafe is could reopen by the middle of may, but they've also warned that they are ready to slam on the brakes if infections start rising again. the government in lebanon has lifted some restrictions on movement and allowed certain types of businesses to open up certain types of businesses to open up again, provided that everyone will follow strictly the role of social distancing. this is part of a five phase plan the government has set out for the gradual opening up of the country that will end in mid—june. where even the airports will resume operation. but that is depending on weekly assessment that the government is carrying out under covid—19. here in the capital beirut
you can also feel the vibe of the city has changed, where people are going out and about, feeling more relaxed about the situation, but the economy was hit hard. thousands of people lost theirjobs and their income during the lockdown, which pushed hundreds of people into the streets protesting again. here in nigeria, after a five—week lockdown, the government is reopening the economy, the largest in africa. beginning from this monday here in the capital, as well as the commercial hub lagos, banks, construction sites and government offices like the building behind me, federal secretariat, are reopening. markets are partially reopening too. workers in food processing and agricultural sector are going back to work, but a nationwide dusk to dawn curfew has been imposed, though authorities say people must wear face masks while in public, adhere to social distancing rules and take other safety measures. however, schools, religious centres and parks
remain closed and large gatherings have also been totally banned, as nigeria eases the lockdown gradually, medical experts are urging caution. the situation is dicey and the virus continues to spread. next we turn to spain. it's started a four—stage plan to get to what it's calling a ‘new normalcy‘ by latejune. already small shops and hairdressers are reopening. it's making these moves as its daily death toll continues to fall sharply. germany too has allowed hairdressers to open — and some students have returned to school. the country's widespread testing is credited with helping to control the virus. so things are easing in these countries — and there will be more of that elsewhere in the coming weeks. it is though helpful to keep a couple of things in mind as we watch this. the first is this is the start of a new much longer phase — where countries will adapt restrictions according to infection and death rates. to borrow spain's language — it's a new normal — but let's be clear, it's not normal as we knew it.
the second point is that scientists still know relatively little about this virus. we saw this quote from dr ashistha of the harvard global health research institute in the new york times: "we are really early in this disease. if this were a baseball game, it would be the second inning". and there are nine innings in a baseball game. the point being that this easing of the lockdown is, at best, is the end of the beginning. scientists and politicians now want to know what level of freedom we can live with without seeing the rate of fatalities increase sharply again. and no—one's sure what the answer is. much more information on all the different measures being taken by different measures being taken by different countries on the website. the address is bbc dot—com forwards news.
right — let's step away from coronavirus for a minute — and turn to another deadly disease, malaria. globally, it kills over 400,000 people every year, mostly children under five. now a team of scientists has discovered a microbe that completely protects mosquitoes from being infected with malaria — which would mean in turn they wouldn't pass it on to humans. the bug was discovered by studying mosquitoes on the shores of lake victoria in kenya — and it's called micro—sporidia mb. here to tell us all about it is a member of that research team. steven sinkins is a professor in microbiology and tropical medicine at the university of glasgow. thank you. can you explain to us firstly what this microbe is and what it does? micro-sporidia are simple microbes that are pathogens
in many cases found in a variety of insect species. this one is a sin rather than causing disease or causing harm to the mosquito, it is transmitted from female to offspring mosquito, and we've found that in the presence of this new micro spirit —— this new micro—sporidia, malaria was completely blocked by the mosquitoes in which it is naturally found. incredibly encouraging, given the startling figure that globally malaria kills 400,000 people every year. so in terms of a discovery, how important is it, and how successful do you think it will be? well, it is worth emphasising it is still relatively early stage research, but we are very excited and very encouraged by the fact that it is transmitted inherited at high rates, but it has this very strong malaria blocking effect, and that it is present
naturally. so in combinationjust increasing the percentage of mosquitoes that carry this micro—sporidia, we very much hope we can develop a very effective new tool that can be used alongside the existing tools, bed nets and residual spraying used to control mosquitoes. i appreciate it is difficult to put a timeframe on this but that is what people want to know, when do we think it will be put into practice? we will certainly go as quickly as we can in terms of better understanding the biology of this microbe and how we can take it toa this microbe and how we can take it to a higher percentage in mosquito populations to use it, to deploy it over the next two or three years we would very much hope to be able to conduct trials at least in contained conditions to see whether it is really feasible to use it on a large scale as a malaria control tool. and
with those trials be based merrily on where you are centred and focused at the moment or are there any countries in particular you are hoping to get involved with this? ca nyon hoping to get involved with this? canyon would certainly be the focus but we very much hope it could be used across sub saharan africa, throughout areas where the malaria is of critical importance, because the mosquito that has been found is widely distributed in africa. we are grateful for your time, professor, thank you for talking us through that and we wish you all the success and i'm sure we will talk again in the future to see how this is going but for now we appreciate your time. thank you. don't forget you can get in touch with me and some of the team on twitter — i'm @babitatv and do keep up—to—date with all the latest developments here on coronavirus. you can do that with the bbc news website.
temperatures are set to climb over the next few days. by the end of this week, some spots in the south could be into the middle 20s celsius. there is a lot of sunshine on the way but also some rain in our forecast. quite a lot of rain actually across the far south—west of the uk during tonight, and very strong winds. a met office yellow warning for parts of south—west england, dartmoor and west cornwall, in particular, gusts of 55 mph. these very heavy bursts of rain working across cornwall into devon and the channel islands. further north, daytime showers will fade. it will be dry through the night with some clear spells will stop the further north you are, particularly in scotland where winds will be light, it is going to be very chilly to start tomorrow morning.
temperatures in some spots will dip below freezing. much milder down towards the south where we have our brisk winds and frontal system still bringing some outbreaks of rain through the morning, some heavy rain at that across parts of south wales, the south—west of england, but that frontal system is running into a big block of high pressure. so see how our rain band makes very little progress northwards through the day and also it will tend to break apart. it will tend to weaken as the day wears on, and from north wales to the midlands, east anglia northwoods, it should be dry with plenty of sunshine. the highest temperatures through west wales, north—west england, the western side of scotla nd north—west england, the western side of scotland at 17 or 18 degrees, rather chilly for the south—west of england and some north sea coasts. as we head on into wednesday, we will see another frontal system trying to push its way in. that is likely to graze the odd shower into cornwall, pembrokeshire, may be western counties of northern ireland late in the day. further east, predominantly dry with some spells of sunshine and temperatures just showing signs of nudging upwards, up
to around 18, 19 or 20 degrees, and thatis to around 18, 19 or 20 degrees, and that is the sign of things to come, certainly as we go into thursday and friday. the southerly flow of runs across the uk, fairly light at that and some warm air being brought up from the south. so temperatures will a lwa ys from the south. so temperatures will always be highest across southern areas, 24, 20 5 degrees possible on friday. further north, a bit more u nsettled, friday. further north, a bit more unsettled, some showers at times and turns cooler as well, and then watch what happens for the weekend. a plunge of unusually cold air, exceptionally cold for this time of year. it will feel much, much chillier, there could even be some wintry showers.
this is bbc news, the headlines. world leaders have pledged around eight billions dollars to fund research into vaccines and treatments for coronavirus — saying a common threat to humanity requires a concerted response. however the united states didn't take part. four and a half million italians have returned to work after spending two months in lockdown. people are also being allowed to visit relatives within their region as restrictions are eased. fashion firmj crew has filed for bankruptcy protection, making it the first big us retailer to fall victim to the pandemic. its 500 stores have been closed and some will not reopen. and scientists in kenya and britain say they've discovered a microbe that completely protects mosquitoes from being infected with malaria — saying the find has enormous potential to control the disease. you are watching bbc news.