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tv   BBC News  BBC News  May 9, 2020 3:00pm-3:45pm BST

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this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. uk—based airlines say they've been told the british government is planning a 14—day quarantine for air passengers arriving in the country. the new restriction is expected to take effect at the end of this month. the health and safety of our passengers is paramount. this will have a significant impact on our sector, and nobody is going to want to travel if they have to go into quarantine for m days. a close aide to the american vice—president, mike pence, has tested positive for covid—19 — she's the second white house worker to test positive this week. russia marks the 75th anniversary of the end of world war ii, but without the planned red square parade of soldiers and veterans.
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but belarus holds a full victory parade with huge crowds and no regard for social distancing. protect the public transport network — people who need to travel into a workplace in england will be urged to consider to walk and cycle more. and roy horn, one half of the long—running magic duo siegfried and roy, has died aged 75 after contracting coronavirus. hello and welcome to audiences in the uk and around the world. we're covering all the latest coronavirus developments here in britain and globally. airlines in the uk say they have been told the government will bring in a 14—day quarantine for anyone
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arriving from any country, apart from the republic of ireland, in response to the coronavirus pandemic. the new restriction is expected to take effect at the end of this month. the proposal has been described by regional airports as a "devastating blow". our business correspondent katy austin reports. people and businesses in england are waiting anxiously to hear how the lockdown will start to be unlocked. the aviation industry is reeling from a huge drop in travel under coronavirus restrictions. the group representing major airlines across the uk is concerned about the impact if, from the end of this month, most people arriving into the country have to self—isolate for m days. if this is the scientific advice then, absolutely, we will accept that, the health and safety of our passengers is paramount but this will have a significant impact on our sector and nobody is going to want to travel if they have to go into quarantine for m days. it is not clear how long a new restriction would be in place
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and whether non—uk residents would be allowed to stay in rented private accommodation. a conference call between the aviation minister and airline and airport representatives is expected to take place tomorrow to discuss more detail. if the government has had medical advice which determines that this measure is needed at the moment, we look forward to seeing that, but we should be under no illusion that this will have a very dramatic impact on our sector and just make it much more difficult for aviation to restart following the lockdown that we have had. it's thought key workers such as lorry drivers and people who work in shipping would be exempt, but it's unclear how the rules would apply to passengers arriving by sea. meanwhile, businesses hope to hear in the coming days whether the furlough scheme could be extended beyond the end ofjune in some form. that is something some firms which face a long path back to normality have long been asking for. katy austin, bbc news.
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earlier i spoke to aviation analyst sally gethin from gethin‘s inflight news and asked her what she thought about the quarantine proposals at uk airports. it doesn't really make sense for the aviation industry in particular. just when aviation now is putting stringent measures in place to improve health and hygiene standards. at this point in time now, the government is going in this new direction with this quarantine, which is said to come into force at the end of the month. just at the point where the economy needs to be kick—started or are gradually ramped up, aviation will go in a different direction, and it will definitely have a huge impact for returning passengers. it will put them off actually travelling and they will think twice about coming back into the uk. plenty of countries have
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done it, though. australia is the example that leaps to mind. they did it quite early. some other countries in south asia as well. is this not simply the uk following best practice to try and reduce the risk, having apparently got coronavirus under control in the uk, and not reintroducing it as it whereby the back dooryes, but the chronology is an issue. as you just said, very early on in the game. it really should have been part of the cohesive strategy right from the very beginning, but now now it is almost like cutting across a lot of the easing up of the lockdown measures that are coming into force, and also there are so many new measures being introduced anyway at airports and airlines like temperature checks, increased sanitation, airlines are doing deep cleaning, the cabin area is improving. it is very clean, the same quality air that will be used
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in operating theatres. actually, aviation is playing its part already, and also we do not know how this quarantine is going to look and feel like. if it is done on a volu nta ry feel like. if it is done on a voluntary basis, expecting passengers are to self—isolate at home for two weeks, how is that actually going to enforce the law be enforced? —— how is that actually going to be enforced? there has been an announcement from air france that they are introducing from this coming monday restrictions, people will be temperature tested before they are allowed to board flights, and if the temperature exceeds 38 degrees, they will not be allowed to travel and will get a free transfer toa travel and will get a free transfer to a later flight. travel and will get a free transfer to a laterflight. there travel and will get a free transfer to a later flight. there will also be compulsory wearing of face masks which i think is to bring it in line with a directive from president micron, requiring all public transport users to use face mask. nonetheless, this is all going to cause the airlines a lot of difficulty in the long—term,
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distancing when the model is based on piling them high and keeping the costs low. over the last few weeks when the pandemic hit home, especially in the uk, aviation has been busy behind the scene is working out new standards and actually getting ahead of the curve with this, so what we are seeing whether air france is actually not unusual. that is what is happening on our nation by nation case basis, airline by airline, sometimes airport by airport. behind—the—scenes, the aviation industry is working with the who, and a lot of these measures will be implemented on a global basis anyway. government guidance for the british hospitality industry says that bars, restaurants and cafes must remain closed even as the economy starts to open up. those working in the night time economy, which is worth £70 billion a year, say without more financial help, thousands of venues will never re—open. and if they are allowed to, strict restrictions will stay in place.
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our consumer affairs correspondent sarah corker reports. manchester's busy canalside bars during a normal summer. and now. when crowds are the enemy, our social spaces must change. it's just such a strange thing that, in our bar, that would usually have 100 people comfortably on a saturday, you will be going to two, four, six... ..ten? at this gin distillery and restaurant in the city centre, social distancing will mean fewer customers. is that financially viable? could you trade on that? without support, no, we couldn't. we'd scrape by but it wouldn't pay the rent, you'd have to talk about renegotiating with the landlord, you'd have to talk about further loans. we are an industry that relies so heavily on footfall and numbers and, if that's not there, the impact then in terms of the number of staff that you need and the stock you can hold, it has a much bigger impact. so how would somewhere like this
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eventually reopened? there could be temperature checks at the door, disposable menus, plastic screens at the bar, hand sanitiser on tables and this is what socially distanced dining could look like. customers and tables more than two metres apart but, for this business, that would also mean 75% fewer customers. and landlords could also ration beer to two—to—three pints per person and put a time limit on dining. to stay afloat, the industry wants the furlough scheme extended and rent payments deferred. if the night—time economy is going to open last, there has to be more measures put in place to make sure we can get through the next few months, because, ultimately, if we don't, we are going to see the industry decimated, and it is the fifth biggest industry in the whole of the uk. 93% of this brewery‘s trade was with pubs. hundreds of kegs of draught beer were thrown away,
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but they have adapted — now delivering cans direct to people's doors. we are just trying to survive, along with everybody else, facing the fact that half our business isn't coming back for six, nine, 12, 18 months. i think there will be some pretty bleak changes to the hospitality sector. some businesses won't make it. breweries, bars and restaurants are doing all they can to make ends meet. the big unknown is, when they do reopen, will we want to go for a socially distanced drink? sarah corker, bbc news in manchester. let's turn now to the us, where the press secretary of vice—president mike pence has tested positive for coronavirus. katie miller, who is married to a senior advisor to president trump, is the second white house worker to test positive this week. the president and vice—president are both being checked daily and have so far tested negative, but the white house has said that
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all recommended guidelines are being followed to keep the building safe. this individual, there is a member of the vice—president's team who is positive for coronavirus. we have put in place the guidelines that our experts have put forward to keep this building safe, which means contact tracing, all of the recommended guidelines we have for businesses that have essential workers, we're now putting in place here in the white house. so, as america reopens safely, the white house is continuing to operate safely. earlier i spoke to david herszenhorn, the chief political correspondent for politico, who told me that even with president trump being tested every day, he is vulnerable to the virus. well, there is no question that this will remind everyone that the coronavirus threat is quite real and that the white house is not exempt in any way. as journalist, we often say we will watch what they do not what they say. the white house has put in place this very strict testing regime. they are making clear that they are testing quite
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frequently, and they have found out quite recently in the last few days that two employees close to the president and vice president one a military officer who is a personal valet of president trump, now a spokeswoman for vice president pence who are infected with the virus, so whatever you are hearing out of washington, what we can see is the white house has been very vigilant and the threat remains very real. to what extent has the president changed his behaviour? you'll recall that earlier on when he started doing some of his earliest news briefings about this, he was pretty gung ho about it, saying he would continue shaking hands and not greet other heads of state — obviously not many of them coming at the moment — but he wasn't going to greet them behind a face mask or with gloves on. has he changed his personal behaviour? is there any sign of that? to no one's surprise, donald trump does not change his behaviour for any reason whatsoever. we have seen him without a mask on outside. his press secretary saying that some folks who have attended events have chosen to be there.
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and we have also seen vice—president pence at the mayo clinic, a hospital where masks are normally required. the only visitor who was not wearing a mask. on the other hand, donald trump is an avid consumer of news and he knows what happened to his friend borisjohnson who kept on shaking hands and ended up in intensive care. we also know that donald trump is a self—declared germaphobe, so presumably he is trying to take the best precautions he can personally. at the same time, there are certain things he seems against, like putting on a mask in public. it does not seem like anything will change that behaviour. he seems particularly frustrated, judging by some of his recent remarks about the problems getting his presidential campaign up and running in the middle of this outbreak. he is clearly upset that he cannot hold these rallies that have come as quite a cathartic relief it seems to me from the stress and pressures of the back—and—forth in washington. there is no question, this poses an enormous challenge for his re—election campaign. unemployment numbers are soaring and the economy is in a free—fall.
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it obviously becomes that much more difficult if he mismanages the situation and ends up having a big second wave of coronavirus infections, a second peak that the uk government seems intent on preventing with the 14 day quarantine. this all has to be balanced, and although it is frustrating for him not to get out and campaign, he has to keep in mind how much tougher his re—election prospects get if this situation is further mismanaged. president putin has been leading russia's commemorations for the 75th anniversary of the defeat of nazi germany in the second world war. ceremonies have been happening around the country in honour of russia's war heroes, but public events have been significantly pared back because of coronavirus. in a national address, mr putin paid tribute to the millions who died and said russia was invincible when its citizens stood together. the bbc‘s steve rosenberg
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was in red square for the ceremony. this is a very strange victory day in moscow. i've been to many of these celebrations on red square in the past and normally, you know, there is an incredible atmosphere. you see thousands of russian troops marching across the square, hundreds of pieces of military equipment, military bands, there's a big crowd, quite an amazing atmosphere. today, it is empty. of course, that is because of the coronavirus pandemic. russia has had to tone down the celebrations. having said that, president putin did lay red roses on the tomb of the unknown soldier and made his short speech, his address to the russian people. and there are a number of events that will be taking place across the country, some of them online. russia is still determined to make this a celebration, because it is such an important day for the country.
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not only a celebration of a glorious military victory 75 years ago, but this is the day the country remembers the human sacrifice that was made to defeat nazi germany. belarus is also marking the end of the second world war in europe. it held a large military parade in minsk with hundreds of onlookers, and no regard for social distancing. the country's president alexander lu kashenko has consistently downplayed the threat posed by coronavirus and vowed to hold the parade to show the world belarus was not afraid of covid—i9. the country is one of the worst affected by the pandemic in europe with more than 21000 people infected. russia celebrates victory in what they call ‘the great patriotic war‘ today. but for some nations such as those in eastern europe, who fell under communist rule after ww2, it may not feel like much a celebration at all. let's speak to historian roger moorhouse, he specialises
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in ww2, german and polish history. thank you very much for being with us today. it is worth saying that on friday, people in the uk where marking victory in europe day as it is known, the big celebrations that took place in london that day, a very memorable day, winston churchill on the balcony in buckingham palace with the king and queen. how is the victory in europe day regarded in eastern europe beyond, let's say, the kremlin and the clear propaganda value that mr putin has attached to it?|j the clear propaganda value that mr putin has attached to it? i think for central europe, going back to 1945, it is very much what one might have seen then as an mutilated victory, to use that phrase. large numbers, about 200,000 polish soldiers, as a good example, had fought under british command it and
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in the polish army in the west through world war ii, and in many cases had made decisive intervention is, for example in the battle of britain, the 303 squadron, the battle of monte cassino, the battle of brick, the campaign of narvik. they were very proactive in what we consider to be the european war, and for those soldiers that were still going in 1945, it would have been a great relief that the war was over, but tainted by a real concern for what their own future held and for what their own future held and for what their own future held and for what the future of poland held. for many of them, they either had no home to go to because the areas of eastern poland had been an exploit of the soviet union so they had nowhere to go, and many others who perhaps could have gone back to warsaw or crack of had to face the prospect of potentially being arrested by the new communist
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authorities, so it was very much an mutilated victory in 1945. is churchill then regarded as an entirely heroic figure by some people in central and eastern europe, because of his role along with roosevelt and truman in effectively saying to josef stalin, look, this is the price we pay for your cooperation during the war, for abandoning germany, coming into the war with the west, is to allow you to have hegemony over a large part of eastern and central europe? effectively, yes. churchill is seen by us brits as the great hero of world war ii, arguably one of greatest hero of the 20th century in britain, but much more of a mixed reputation in poland, certainly. that surrounds the question of the altair, the phrase that the balls a lwa ys altair, the phrase that the balls always use, remembering the big three conference between churchill
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and stalin. —— polish. centraland eastern europe was not quite as clear—cut as that, but effectively abandoned to soviet rule, and that as you say was effectively the price to pay. it was great power politics at large, and it was very difficult for the britons influence, which was waning in what had become effectively an american soviet axis. britain had comparatively little influence on that, and really i think churchill does my instincts would be to try and save poland. after all, poland was the country for him britain and france had gone to war in1939 for him britain and france had gone to war in 1939 in defence of poland, so to end up giving poland away and giving it to the soviets would have been horrific to someone like churchill, but there was really very little he could have done about it, is the stark truth. briefly, what about the amount of fighting that
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continued after the victory was declared? continued after the victory was declared ? presumably in continued after the victory was declared? presumably in those battles over the future of individual countries that had escaped the german yoke, there was a lot of fighting going on between different groups that had different agendas for the future. there was, and it is interesting in the baltic states, they were a bit of a blind spotin states, they were a bit of a blind spot in britain in terms of the history, but they were what we know as the forest brothers, fighting on against what became soviet occupation from 1944, 45 onwards. also in poland, elements of the polish underground, the home army which had fought the germans throughout the war, they continued fighting against soviet population after 1945. actually... —— occupation. actually, it was only ca ptu red occupation. actually, it was only captured in 1963, if you imagine that. it was a very long tail through world war ii, particularly in central europe, because in many cases the fighting carries on. many
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people would say it wasn't until the late 80s that things changed altogether. thank you very much for that fascinating perspective. that is on the day being marked in the central and eastern europe as victory in europe day. the channel islands are marking... they surrendered a day after winston churchill announced the end of the nazi regime, so it has been marked saturday. robert hall is in saint auburn in jersey. we pulled it alongside and then
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somebody shouted, off you go, and of course i jumped. somebody shouted, off you go, and of course ijumped. iwas somebody shouted, off you go, and of course ijumped. i was landing and just going back, and a young german soldier ran forward and pulled me back and it was a good thing that a human being would have done. the germans where in single file and they were walking into the landing craft. absolutejubilation. they were walking into the landing craft. absolute jubilation. we couldn't believe they were leaving the island at last. very different from the day in 1940, when they landed, a toehold on british soil and a huge propaganda coup. it was hitler's determination that tied up thousands of his trips, and by the end they were as hungry as the population. islanders have been encouraged to mark the occasion in their homes and gardens. liberation day 2020 will be remembered, but for very different reasons.
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china's president, xijinping, has offered support to neighbouring north korea in dealing with coronavirus, saying he is "very concerned about the situation". but north korea maintains it hasn't had a single confirmed case of the virus. 0ur correspondent in beijing, stephen mcdonell, gave his assessment of china's offer. 0n the face of it, it seems like nothing, really. there was a message from the north korean leader to the chinese leader congratulating china on its efforts in defeating the coronavirus. so why wouldn't xi jinping then respond to him? but what made everyone sit up and listen is xijinping has expressed his concern about the coronavirus situation in north korea, offering chinese help. well, north korea hasn't acknowledged that it has even one single case of coronavirus. so why would it need chinese help? very interesting for china to be saying this and also
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saying it publicly. because it has now been reported on chinese state television. the magician roy horn — of the well—known las vegas act seigfried and roy — has died at the age of 75 after contracting coronavirus. a warning, freya cole's report contains some flashing images. known for elusive tricks and his closeness with big cats, roy horn and his stage partner siegfried fischbacher stunned audiences around the world. the german—born magician starred in a long—running las vegas act built around rare tigers. it earned the duo a star on hollywood's walk of fame. in 2003, the show ended when a tiger lunged at horn's throat in front of a live audience. he suffered serious injuries, but survived, and continued his lifelong love of cats. aged 75, a publicist confirmed mr horn died from complications of covid—19,
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leaving behind a remarkable legacy in showbusiness. more on bbc dot—com. you are watching bbc news. with fewer cars on the roads, the lockdown could provide some unexpected solutions to environmental problems caused by too much traffic. the uk transport secretary, grant schapps, is expected to encourage people to cycle or walk more instead of choosing to drive. he's likely to announce new measures in england to help that happen. and possibly some funding for other parts of the uk. 0ur environment correspondent justin rowlatt is in east london. "we need to walk more, we need to cycle more." that is going to be the message from the transport secretary grant shapps at the government press conference this afternoon. he is going to say we need to do that to protect public transport. think about it — if we stick
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to the two metre rule, we won't get nearly as many people on our trains and buses, about 10%, according to estimates. at the same time, if wejump into our cars and drive to work, the roads are going to be choked with traffic. what's the alternative? grant shapps is going to say, "start walking and cycling." he's going to give new powers to councils to close roads, set aside space for pedestrians and cyclists.
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