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tv   BBC News  BBC News  July 19, 2020 3:00pm-3:31pm BST

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risk this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. britain's foreign secretary, dominic raab, accuses the chinese government of carrying out human rights abuses against its uighur population. it is deeply, deeply troubling. and the reports of the human aspect of it from forced sterilisation to the education camps are reminiscent of something we have not seen for a long, long time. meanwhile, china's ambassador to london tells the bbc the uk's decision to drop huawei from its 56 networks is a bad move for the country. more than 250,000 coronavirus cases in 2a hours — the largest single—day global rise in cases since the start of the pandemic. borisjohnson says he doesn't
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believe another nationwide lockdown will be needed — even if there's a second spike of coronavirus this winter. no deal — yet — eu leaders meet for an unscheduled third day of talks on a post—coronavirus economic recovery plan. and watford sack their manager — nigel pearson — with just two game to go in the premier league season — as the club fight to avoid relegation. hello and welcome if you're watching in the uk or around the world — and stay with us for the latest news and analysis from here and across the globe. china's ambassador to the uk has denied reports that beijing
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is carrying out a programme of forced sterilisation of uighur women in the western part of country — xingjang. britain's foreign secretary, dominic raab, said there were ‘gross and egregious‘ human rights abuses going on there and that he found it deeply troubling. it comes amid a rise in diplomatic tension between the two countries over a new national security law in hong kong, and the british government's decision to ban the chinese company huawei from the uk's 56 network. 0ur diplomatic correspondent caroline hawley has the story. there has been growing international concern over china's human rights record. 0utrage, in particular, over its treatment of the uighur minority. men have been herded into internment camps, women subjected to forced sterilisation. it is clear that there are gross, egregious human rights abuses going on, which is why, in new york, sorry in geneva, the un, we raised
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this with 27 partners. first time it has been done to call out the government of china for its human rights abuses of the uighurs, also hong kong. so we are working with our international partners on this and it is deeply, deeply troubling. these pictures appear to show uighur muslims bound and blindfolded, pushed onto trains to be taken to camps. the chinese ambassador was shown the video this morning. uighur people enjoy harmonious life, peaceful harmonious life existence with other ethnic people. uighur people isjust one small portion of the chinese population, even among the muslim. the majority of them are living happily, peacefully, harmoniously. britain and china are also at loggerheads over hong kong and the tough new security law imposed by beijing. it is designed to curb protests.
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tomorrow, the government is due to announce new measures in response. but from the chinese ambassador came a warning. if uk government go that far to impose sanctions on any individuals in china, china will certainly make resolute responses to it. tensions between britain and china are growing on many fronts. china has threatened to retaliate against the uk's decision to ban huawei from 56 networks. at the moment it is a war of words, but it could yet have serious economic casualties. caroline hawley, bbc news. 0ur correspondent vincent ni, from the bbc chinese service, explained that the chinese government has justified what it says is are ‘re—education facilities' as being effective in reducing the risk of terror attacks.
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according to various independent and official studies from different agencies, what we have seen, the latest, is that the chinese is allegedly forcing uighur women to sterilise. this is a very serious allegation. the chinese ambassador today rejected this allegation and said that uighur people were living happily in china's far west, xingjang region. the latest allegation is that women are being sterilised and that came out a few weeks ago, but specifically at this railway station, these images of men being blindfolded and bound. the chinese ambassador said he did not know, but it could be that prisoners were being transferred. is that the way prisoners would be transferred in china? it is always very difficult to say. it depends on the different regions. i guess what the chinese ambassador was trying to suggest is that these images can be doctored to some extent. essentially, he does not want to answer tough questions
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on how uighur muslims are being treated in china. for the record, though, china admits that uighurs are held there. they do not describe them as camps, do they? they describe them as re—education centres. do the chinese authorities say how many uighurs are being held in re—education centres? are there any official statistics on that? not that i'm aware of. according to un and other agencies, up to1 million, 1 million uighur muslims are being held in these re—education centres. although china's justification for building these re—education centres is that there is a high risk among uighur population to be terrorists. china has concerns over terrorism. there were attacks in 2013 and 2014, and a uighur group did claim responsibility for that. yes, this is what the chinese ambassador mentioned this morning. over the last few years, there have
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been no single terrorist attacks. the story in china being told, although in the west this is outrageous, these internment camps, in china the story is that this is a successful story. these people are being re—educated and they have this chinese identity and they would not attack chinese people. and the uk, chinese relations are at an all—time low at the moment. and we have also got some announcement being suggested by dominic raab tomorrow about hong kong. certainly, this is a perfect storm. there is this national security law being imposed on hong kong at the same time. new allegations against china's treatment of their own uighur people, and the foreign secretary dominic raab today also said that china has violated human rights
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against these people in china. and certainly tomorrow there will be new announcements on the latest. for the first time since the coronavirus pandemic began, the number of new daily infections around the world has surpassed a quarter of a million. the biggest increases were in the us, where cases have just passed 140,000. there are also big rises in brazil, india and south africa. brazil remains one of the worst affected countries with the number of cases passing two million. more than 78,000 people have died there with the virus — and numbers are rising. of the 600,000 people who've caught the virus and lost their lives, nearly a quarter were in the united states. it still has by far the biggest outbreak of covid—nineteen and does not yet appear close
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to reaching a peak. and the death toll in india now stands at 26,816. here's our reporter paul hawkins with more details. according to the world health organization, this is the first time the number of new daily infections has surpassed 250,000. the biggest increases are in south africa, india, brazil and the usa, where there are now approximately 71,000 new cases per day. 41 states out of 50 are seeing an increase. but the biggest rises are in southern and western states, like here in california. also arizona, texas and florida, which a few days ago reported more new cases in one 24—hour period than the entire european union. many experts say lockdown was lifted too quickly and the messaging on masks has been mixed, with president trump wearing one but not insisting his fellow americans have to wear one, too, which directly contradicts his top infectious diseases expert. i would urge the leaders, the local
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political and other leaders, in states and cities and towns to be as forceful as possible in getting your citizens to wear masks. brazil has approximately 115,000 new cases a day. total infections, like the us, are over 2 million. a figure it reached in less than one month after taking four months to reach1 million. but there is some good news. there is a plateau. there is an opportunity here now for brazil to push the disease down, to suppress the transmission of the virus, to take control. india has approximately 35,000 cases per day. scientists say the peak could still be months away. although the fatality rate is relatively low. south africa has 13,000 new cases per day. it has gripped the country, overwhelming hospitals. that is why all south africans have to wear masks, with the president
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saying this last weekend. the sale, the dispensing, and the distribution of alcohol will be suspended with immediate effect. a curfew will be put in place. so, without a vaccine, the numbers keep climbing, the death toll keeps rising, and the world tries to adapt. paul hawkins, bbc news. borisjohnson has said he would be extremely reluctant to impose another nationwide lockdown if there were a second spike of coronavirus this winter. it comes as a senior public health official in blackburn and darwen — which has one of the highest infection rates for covid—19 in england — has warned the test and trace system isn't effective enough. here's our political correspondent, jessica parker. shuttered shops, empty streets. people told not to hang about in public spaces. emerging briefly on our doorsteps once a week to clap for carers before relative
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quiet descended again. the state of national lockdown borisjohnson's told the telegraph he does not want to see again. he said... by contrast, the government's chief scientific advisers said there is a risk that national measures may be needed as we head into the winter. so, as employers are set to be given discretion to bring people back into the workplace, is it all too soon? while we are carefully monitoring the virus, we do need to get the economy back firing on all cylinders as best we can. we know we are in the middle of a severe downturn. more cash for the nhs, bigger testing targets, all part of the mitigation measures. councils in england now have new powers to tackle local outbreaks. and on friday, public health england said it was focusing
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on certain towns and cities. leicester and 0adby and wigston listed as areas of national intervention. pendle and blackburn with darwen as areas for enhanced support. but blackburn's public health director said there, many contacts of infected residents are not being traced. we could risk seeing an exponential growth because up to half of the people that may have been infected by an index case in the first case with the virus will themselves not know they are infected or at risk of infection and get tested and self— isolate. governments in scotland, wales, and northern ireland have, of course, their own powers on deciding what to do. but labour says big holes remain in the uk government's plan. you only have to go down to the local high street to see what the problem is. some of the shops and restaurants have now opened up, pubs as well, but many people are not coming out of their houses, they are not
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spending again in the economy because they are nervous about what this means, whether there is going to be a second wave, whether the nhs is going to be overwhelmed. and we really do need to get to grips with the test, trace and isolate system. the department of health says nhs test and trace has helped isolate more than 180,000 cases and that the service is working closely with councils across england. jessica parker, bbc news. eu leaders have extended their summit in brussels after failing late last night to reach an agreement on plan to spend 750 billion euros to revive their economies following the coronavirus crisis. this morning, the german chancellor, angela merkel, said it wasn't clear that a solution would be found today, because as she put it — there was "a lot of good will but also many positions". 0ur europe correspondent gavin lee explained what the main sticking points were. it is a political rubix
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cube at the moment. it matters because, with a50 million people across europe, a continent which is going into deep recession. some economies shrinking by about 11%. in spain, overall, about 8% this year. the decisions in the building behind me over the past 48 hours is going to affect the future of the economic recovery. the big issue is part of the recovery fund, 750 billion euros, 500 billion of it is argument about this being given out as grants to countries that need it. they will not have to pay it back. the frugal four — the dutch, the austrians, the swedes, and the danes — plus finland are saying they want to reduce that amount as low as possible and add conditions to that. the club med countries of spain, italy and greece are saying that is not fair. these are countries that have been affected by the financial crisis in the past and this is nothing to do with their own doing. that's part of it. the dutch prime minister, they say he has been keeping a stiff leg. basically keeping his cards close to his chest. he is not compromising,
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so much so that angela merkel and emmanuel macron apparently walked out of the talks early in frustration. the dutch prime minister saying they were in a grumpy mood. the other thing to briefly consider is that there are conditions attached to some of this money. keep to the ethics, the rule of law of the eu. poland, slovakia and hungary have argued against that. they have had proceedings against them and been investigated for these reasons. that is why there is another issue to sort out here. diplomacy has slipped a bit here because the hungarian prime minister has said to the press, it is not me who's holding things back, the dutch guy is to blame for all of this. diplomacy is slipping, no sign of a deal. spain's catalonia region has again recorded more than 1,000 covid infections in a single day, as residents endure new restrictions. the surge led to tough new measures being announced on friday for an initial period of 15 days.
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people in the regional capital, barcelona, are being asked to stay indoors, and gatherings of more than ten people are discouraged. iran has suspended the executions of three men who took part in anti—government protests last year sparked by a hike in petrol prices. the men on death row were convicted in february on charges of arson and vandalism. their sentence sparked a social media campaign that attracted millions of posts using the hashtag "dontexecute" for a halt to executions in the country. speaking today, one of their lawyers said their request for a retrial had been granted. prosecutors in france say a man has been detained in an investigation into saturday's large fire in nantes' gothic cathedral. stained glass windows and the grand organ were badly damaged in the blaze which began early in the morning. prompt intervention by more than 100 firefighters helped
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ensure it didn't spread further. yesteday, prosecutors said they believed three separate fires at the site had been started deliberately. it comes a little more than a year after the devastating fire at notre dame cathedral. in the past hour, watford have sacked their manager nigel pearson with just two games to go in the premier league season. jane dougaljoins me now from the bbc sport centre. this is the third manager this year to go in the season? yes, this season. it is quite shocking. the bbc understands the club have not yet confirmed this. but yes, we understand that nigel pearson has been sacked with just two matches to go. quite surprising considering it is so close to the end of the season. watford are just above the relegation zone in 17th place and they still have two matches to play.
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difficult ones at that against last seasons champions manchester city, and their last match of the season against arsenal. the sacking, that we understand, comes after the club's defeat to west ham. it left the officials pretty flip frustrated at watford's lacklustre performance. the team went two goals down inside ten minutes. it looks like nigel pearson has been the sacrificial bmb pearson has been the sacrificial lamb for that. he was appointed in december last year. he initially had an upturn of results when he took over, but after project restart, watford have had four straight defeats. as you mentioned, he is the third manager to be sacked by watford this season. he was appointed after quique sanchez flores was sacked. there is so much money involved. it is so tight at the bottom of the premier league at the bottom of the premier league at the moment, both aston villa and bournemouth on 31 points. watford three points above them on 34. with
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those two tough matches still to go and no manager, it does not look promising for watford. relegation to the championship would be pretty much a disaster for them. they have beenin much a disaster for them. they have been in the premier league since 2015. five seasons being in the top flight, 2015. five seasons being in the top flight, to go down to the championship, it is not something that they would want. no confirmation from the club as yet, but bbc sport understands that nigel mark pearson has been sacked. as yet, no replacement has been announced. lebanon is facing economic ruin. the country's currency has lost around 80% of its value against the dollar, prices have soared uncontrollably, and much of the middle class has been plunged into poverty. talks with the international monetary fund for a bailout have faltered. as our correspondent — martin patience — reports from beirut — some are now turning to crime to feed their families.
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this is how lebanon wants to portray itself to the world. but here's the reality. a country with a rich cultural heritage... broken... ..and on the brink of a catastrophe. this was the rage across lebanon last month. people are desperate. food prices have more than doubled since the start of the year. mechanic mohammed says that even during the civil war here 30 years ago there was always cash. but now he says the money has dried up. and people can't even put food on the table. law and order is breaking down, and a one safe country is now seeing
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a surge in robberies. look at what this armed man is stealing. nappies. at a different pharmacy, a robber pulled a gun on ibrahim. ijust gave him all the cash without doing anything. safety is not his only problem. because of the currency crisis, ibrahim is struggling to import products. have customers come in here and you simply haven't had the drugs? yes, unfortunately, yes. that is happening in a lot of pharmacies, they say we are out of stock. lebanon is now facing a dangerous reckoning. the social fabric of this country is being torn apart and the sectarian divisions here are hardening. the big fear is that what we will see is a slide into violence. this man was once a fighter. now he is stealing to feed his family.
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translation: we are forced to steal from vegetable shops because we are dying of hunger. it's not our fault. but stealing is wrong. translation: i'm not a thief. the politicians are the real thieves, they are the ones who got us into this mess. i really hope there is a future. but if their situation stays the same, my future will be the prison or the grave. lebanon has been plunged into darkness by crippling power cuts. in a region in turmoil, lebanon was seen as a stable country. not any more. martin patience, bbc news, beirut. up to 3,000 new school places are being created for children in england who have special educational needs and disabilities. the places will be in so—called "free schools", which are funded
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directly by the government as opposed to being run by local authorities. jon donnison reports. under the government plans, there will be 35 new schools for children with special educational needs and disabilities. enough for 3000 pupils across england. ministers say they wa nt to across england. ministers say they want to put the most disadvantaged and vulnerable children first. but campaigners, who have long criticised the lack of provision for children with special educational needs, say it is not enough. cautious is the word. there are more than 3000 children requiring special educational needs. the last figure was between four and 5000. no timeline as to when the programme will be completed. but the government says the new schools will start to open from september 2022. labour says the funding is welcome. it says cuts to school bus or budgets have put huge pressure on
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support for the children. a man has been arrested on suspicion of attempted murder — after a member of staff was stabbed at a hospital in brighton in the south of england. the victim, a man in his 50s, was attacked at royal sussex county hospital, at about 8.40am this morning. armed police attended the scene and the site was put into lockdown following the incident. police are trying to disperse crowds from the site of an illegal rave near bath — in the weast of england — which attracted more than 3,000 people overnight. the event, at the former raf charmy down airfield about three miles from the city, began late on saturday. police say the organisers were "selfish" for staging the event amid "the ongoing risk to public health". boris johnson has been pictured with his new son wilfred for the first time since the baby's birth. downing street released this image of the prime minister and his fiancee carrie symonds
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with their 11—week—old son. they were speaking via a video conference call to midwives who helped to deliver wilfred at london's university college hospital. you are watching bbc news. in the past few months we've seen inside a lot of intensive care wards — and gained some idea ofjust how distressing that environment can be for patients, who are often too weak and disoriented to talk. but a hospital in cambridge has developed a device to give those patients a voice — and now it's about to be rolled out around the world. here's our science correspondent richard westcott. a stay in intensive care isn'tjust physical, it can take its toll on your mind, too. patients often say the most stressful and frightening thing is not being able to communicate with the doctors and nurses. we click this one to reorientate themselves.
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computer voice: you are in intensive care after your operation. which is where this new device comes in. where is your pain? lower leg. carol has just woken up from a 12 hour operation. she has tubes in her neck and she cannot talk. designed by a team at addenbrooke's hospital in cambridge, this app is now giving her a voice. i need a deep breath. we've been allowed to come and talk to carol. she is in the covid—free ward, but we are still wearing full protective gear, which the bbc replaced. carol, thank you so much for doing this, i know you've just been through this enormous operation and you've only woken up this morning. it's incredible that you can do this for us. thank you very much. thank you very much for all. such a great thing, the tv. oh, i totally agree with you. i'm busy today, lots of fun. it's really nice that you can
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use humour, isn't it? it changes the way that we interact with them immediately. if you couldn't talk because of that, it is so much more difficult for us to have those basic human interactions. for me, the humour side of it is what makes the biggest difference. what are the things that have surprised you that patients have said, now they are able to have a voice? i think we were all surprised how many people were just thirsty. just a really simple thing. we know their mouths are dry, but that was the constant thing, thirst. so upping of the amount of times that we can give mouth care to people, ensuring that tiny thing just makes them comfortable, and it makes their breathing better, their heart better. lying there unable to communicate your problem can contribute to long—term post—traumatic stress, depression and anxiety. the evidence we have accumulating suggests that there might be an improvement in ptsd rates afterwards as well.
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basically less post—traumatic stress from being intensive care? correct. and we know not being able to communicate, as you would imagine, is a major source of stress. after years of development, funded by the hospital's charity, the app is about to be offered free in 12 different languages for use around the world. it is being used on covid wards, where patients on ventilators cannot talk. and some uk hospitals are starting to compare what their different patients as saying. the ipad is a godsend. i felt like i couldn't breathe, but can say it here. so they can all improve their treatment. we make the best team! thank goodness for patients right around the world. now it's time for a look at the weather with louise lear. hello there. what a difference a day makes. yesterday's cloud and rain, well,
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it's been replaced by sparkling blue sky and sunshine. just take a look at this weather watcher picture from whitworth in lancashire, glorious day here. however, different story down to the south east, we have had some heat, we have had some sunshinejust recently, but that was a thing of the past. this morning in finsbury, london, we started the day with some rain. the the rain has eased away, but the cloud is taking its time to clear down to the kent coast. so the best of the sunshine further north and west, with a rash of showers driven on by brisk, westerly breeze into the far north of scotland. so this is how we are likely to close out our day. in terms of the feel of the weather, a little bit fresher, but i suppose if you've got the sunshine, you are not too bothered, but highs of 15—22 degrees. now, high pressure is going to build monday into tuesday, and that is good news, that means it is going to be a lot of quiet weather in the story. a few scattered showers continue during the early hours of monday morning in the north, but with those clearer skies, temperatures are likely to fall away, and so we could be greeted with single figures first thing on monday morning. a bit of a shock to the system, but there'll be lots


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