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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  July 27, 2020 8:00pm-8:31pm BST

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hello, i'm ros atkins, welcome to outside source. there are fresh warnings on covid—19. global cases have reached 16 million — and the infection rate is escalating. we'll take a detailed look at state of the pandemic. we'll have the latest on the uk's decision to imposed a 14—day quarantine on arrivals from spain. vietnam sees its first coronavirus cases for three months — and reacts by flying 80,000 tourists out of one city. plus, an update from lebanon where there are warnings it is on the brink of losing control of the virus — these pictures are of an underground car park in the north of the country being used to train medics.
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there are calls for a new lockdown there. welcome. it's been almost six months since covid—19 was declared a public health emergency — and this is what's happening. the pandemic continues to accelerate. in the past six weeks, the total number of cases has roughly doubled. across today's 0utside source we'll take a detailed look at the pandemic, how it's escalating and how it's being tackled. let's start with the headline statistics. they're stark. there are over 640,000 confirmed fatalities. and more than 16 million confirmed cases. and look at the infection rate the who was talking about. it took 38 days to go from 5 to 10 million confirmed cases. to go from 10 to 15 million took only 2a days. the last million confirmed cases million took four days. the infection rate is increasing. you can see the global story of the pandemic in these graphs. the virus was first identified in china. there were then major
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outbreaks in europe and north america in april. as they began to ease in may, latin america and asia saw significant outbreaks of their own. and while europe's case numbers have largely continued to fall, north america has seen a resurgence of infections, mostly in the us. and latin america is now the epicentre of the pandemic — with brazil by far the worst affected there. and despite the complexity of this pandemic — the who says, in some ways, this is a simple challenge. find, isolate, test, and care for cases and trace, and quarantine their contacts. keep your distance from others, clean your hands, avoid crowded and enclosed areas, and wear a mask where recommended. where these measures are followed, cases go down. where they are not, cases go up.
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now we've often featured analysis that says the only real end to this will come when there's a vaccine. but now we have a caveat against that — the virologist klaus stohr played a key role for the who during the sars pandemic in the 2000s. he says... he goes on... and he's spoken to the bbc today. 80% of the global vaccine production is located in european countries, also in the us, india has significant vaccine production but it will not suffice to immunise that
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many people, to produce the vexing and then immunise that many people before the virus will have spread globally to almost every person by most likely end of next year or into time. —— in two years time. around a quarter of all the confirmed cases of covid—i9 have been in the us — and close to 150,000 people have died because of it. and the numbers continue to worse — both in terms of reported cases and deaths. florida, louisiana and mississippi are a particularfocus — between 4 and 500 people per million are confirmed to have the virus every day. for context, most states are below 200 for the equivalent statistic. and this graph from the la times, shows that infection rates in california are also heading in the wrong direction. judging the impact on the us economy to some degree depends on where you look — much has been made between the gap between wall street and main street. this is why. when the scale of the virus became clear, markets tumbled in march — but since then major us companies
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like those listed on the sp500 have seen their share value recover in some fashion. the $2.1; trillion of emergency spending that the us congress approved no doubt helped. but while wall street has had a good few months, this is what happened to the us unemployment rate. this graph is from june — but there are still 30 million people claiming unemployment benefit of $750 a week. but unless there's a new deal by the end of the week, that will drop to $150. and of course that will impact directly on people's lives in many ways — and will significantly reduce the money they're able to spend in the economy too. here's a report from michelle fleury on this issue. more than 30 million unemployed americans are getting an extra $600 so americans are getting an extra $600 so week and benefits, that's one in five us workers. blue is a music merchandising tour manager and is
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one of them. my income has been a zero like the second the pandemic started and the musica street shut down. what has been keeping the foot is this a payment from the government. i cannot even explain how much of an impact it had on me because it is what i needed to do anything, groceries, rent, cell phone payments, car payments, everything. a fight in washington could change that. the extra money is about to display the end of the month unless congress renews it. for those who depend on these checks, it's frustrating. how will you cope? that's something i've been thinking about for the last month. and their inability to act efficiently is just very telling of how they feel about people that need this money. the additional money is notjust helping move. it's helping the economy at large allowing unemployed workers to keep spending. two thirds of all economic activity comes from consumer spending. if the payment
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we re consumer spending. if the payment were to disappear entirely it could lead to a 2% reduction in gdp. but republicans are unlikely to extend it at its current level. they want to write smaller checks arguing the extra cash discourages americans from finding new work. brandon hung person who makes more in unemployment that he did as a cook says those fears don't reflect the reality. —— says those fears don't reflect the reality. -- it is dire and depressing but is true that you can get a newjob now. there's no hope for the future. you are sitting inside your house all day we've resulted to change. it's a powerless feeling. -- brandon humberston. with the current conditions it is to tearing. with millions of americans out of work and many more in danger of losing theirjobs winds at food pantries like this one in brooklyn are getting longer. congress was unlikely to act in time. the extra
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unemployment benefits, away fine for many americans, it will end at least temporarily and more american workers will struggle to feed their families. next to the ongoing fallout from the uk's decision to impose 14 day quarantines on people arriving from spain. the who is saying travel restrictions are not a sustainable way of controlling the pandemic in the long—term. here's more of its comments. it is going to be almost impossible for individual countries to keep their portis shut for the foreseeable future. economies have to open up, people have to work from a trait has to resume. continuing to keep international borders sealed is not necessarily a sustainable strategy for the world's economy, the world's poor orfor strategy for the world's economy, the world's poor or for anybody else so we the world's poor or for anybody else so we really do have to make process beginning to do that but to do it in a way that is least risky. the uk government's decision is impacting the holiday plans of thousands of british families.
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those in spain must decide whether to stay on — those about to go must decide whether to cancel. here are some people who are heading home. it's slightly annoying but i feel like at the moment it is a risk you wa nt to like at the moment it is a risk you want to take. you have to do it if you are going on holiday it is a risk anyway. i'm not too concerned ifi risk anyway. i'm not too concerned if i get home i will work for home asi if i get home i will work for home as i have been doing anyway for some i'm more concerned about the children. i think your country is not making sense and i can't understand why we are doing it. it's all right. well guess of the quarantine doesn't matter, everyone else's been safe, it's been a good holiday. i think it's absolutely useless. when we go home we have to have 14 days in a paper we go back to work. you won't be surprised to know that the spanish government would like the uk to change its mind especially for parts of spain with low case numbers. this graphic shows the situation — the darker the blue the more severe the situation. so aragon and catalonia are experiencing the worst outbreaks.
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the canary islands and the balerics though have very low numbers — and spain argues they deserve to be left off the quarantine list. well, the uk has now seemingly doubled down on the decision, in the last few hours the foreign office extended their advice against all non—essential travel to mainland spain to include both sets of islands. nevertheless, the bbc has been told by a uk government source that talks to make the islands exempt are underway. we'll see. let's hear from our correspondent in madrid guy hedgecoe. the spanish government has made this point that the spikes in coronavirus that the country has been seeing have been very much localised, that is they are in certain areas of the country but not necessarily across the whole country. for example, northeast, catalonia, aragon have had problems with a brace. at the foreign minister made the canary islands and the baleriac have had
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much lower, much lower than in the uk notjust spain. the thing is they wa nt to uk notjust spain. the thing is they want to get some sort of extension for those islands but they are insisting that spain is still a safe country to visit. the uk government has argued it had to act "rapidly and decisively" on spain. the bbc‘s science editor david shukman has been assessing if the evidence backs that up. why did the uk government change its rules for travellers coming from spain? well health officials noticed a rise in cases in a series of different regions in the country. they haven't released their assessment but no one wants to repeat the way the virus reach the uk back in february. so after the change of policy on spain, where next pence what other countries might be added to the quarantine list? in theory any country with a rise in infections could see new rules imposed on travellers. in france for example after a massive spike earlier this year numbers came
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right down but have since crept back up right down but have since crept back up again to about 1,000 cases a day. in germany which was never badly affected there's also been a slight increase but on to about 300 cases a day. while greece which is widely praised for its handling of the virus has also seen of every slight rise but only to about 30 new cases every day. and if there are flare—ups, why involve whole countries rather than regions within them? the spanish authorities say that catalonia has had more than 8000 vibrant cases in the past fortnight but the balearic islands have only had 90 dues saying they should be allowed easier travel. and with most visitors to the islands flying directly to and from them, some countries like the netherlands are making an exception and there is are making an exception and there is a hint that the uk may do the same. just when holidays are so
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desperately needed, these are nervous times because the virus is still around which means we're going to see more spikes and more disputes over how to respond to them. stay with us on 0ustide source, still to come... health officials in lebanon have recommended a two—week lockdown be imposed. we'll be live in bierut. —— in beirut. almost two thirds of adults in england are overweight or obese — and the government has unveiled new measures to tackle the problem. sophie hutchinson has more. these new measures for england and some that apply right across the uk are being welcomed very much as a big moment by some obesity experts. 0ne described them as being totemic to me earlier saying it's the first on the prime minister i truly recognise the harmful impact ofjunk food marketing and advertising and the easy availability of it in our
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shops and restaurants. there has been huge frustration from obesity experts about ministers talking a lot about doing things but not actually acting. we know that being overweight increases the risk of cancer, diabetes, and heart problems, and puts an enormous strain on the nhs. but the risks now from covid—19 to those who are heavier seems really to have focus the mind of ministers here. this is 0utside source live from the bbc newsroom. global coronavirus cases have reached 16 million and the infection rate is escalating. the who says the pandemic is "easily the most severe" global health emergency ever declared. to asia now — we're seeing the virus emerge in countries which had done well containing it initially. vietnam first, it used a lockdown
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and strict travel restrictions to keep recorded cases below 500 and it had no fatalities. on top of that, it's nearly 100 days since its last locally transmitted case. but four new cases have emerged in the popular tourism region of danang — and vietnam is taking no chances. authorities have started to evacuate 80,000 mostly vietnamese tourists — and the area will be locked down for at least 14 days. this is the bbc‘s south east asia correspondent, jonathan head. given that their borders are ineffective sealed from the very few foreigners are rotten and those who do commitare foreigners are rotten and those who do commit are very tightly controlled, where did these infections come from? and that is what rain the authorities, they are working at the possibility of people being allowed to come in it we at the possibility of people being allowed to come and it weakly being smuggled then as a source for this infection because otherwise it is very ha rd to infection because otherwise it is very hard to attribute at. if you have had no vocal infections for that long, where did these people, three of them from danang and a
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province that is not the fairway, where did they get their covid—19 from? and where did they get their covid—19 from ? and that where did they get their covid—19 from? and that is the worry. just like vietnam, hong kong was praised for its early handling of the virus. on monday though it reported 145 new cases — that's a record. the reaction‘s been swift. from wednesday, dining in restaurants will be banned, only two people from different households can meet each other, and facemasks must be worn in all public places. these residents are in support. well, i think it's the best decision for everyone to keep healthy. this system that we have to do right now so i think we need to follow all the rules and guides. well it seems hong kong cases are getting worse. there are a lot more cases become a bit more worried. i think having this new restriction is like when time isn't it? just start it — let's do it early
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and then end it early. next the philippines — president duterte has used his annual state address to outline his plan for post covid recovery — this includes corporate tax cuts and targeted support for industries that have been badly hit. and there was this request for china. with the containment measures that were undertaken both these cities actually plateaued. and now the cases are on a down swing. in fact in delhi as of today about 80% of we apologise of is not president deterjay beagle played that clip later in the programme. —— president rodrigo deter te. our next focus in asia is india — it's has one of the highest number of cases in the world — and initially its bigger cities — like delhi and mumbai — bore the brunt. now though the virus is beginning to impact rural areas much more. here's dr harsh mahajan of the healthcare federation of india on why that is so concerning.
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with the containment measures that we re with the containment measures that were undertaken, both of these cities actually plateaued. and now the cases are on the down swing. in fa ct the cases are on the down swing. in fact in delhi as of today about 80% of covid beds in various hospitals are empty. but conversely at the same time in this month, slowly and 110w same time in this month, slowly and now more rapidly, cases are increasing in the smaller cities in the towns which were previously not affected and that is a matter of great concern because especially in the smaller towns, the health care facilities are not as good as they are in the bigger cities. a scottish pilot who spent more than two months on a ventilator in vietnam because of covid—19 has been talking to the bbc. her‘es stephen cameron with the bbc‘s 0liver barnes. —— here is stephen cameron with... i had multiple blood clots. i had renalfailure. i had another couple of organs failing me. my lungs were down to 10% capacity at one stage. i've been told that
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i was asia's sickest patient. vietnam has had to record a single death from the virus. after 114 days, he left hospital as a celebrity. the vast majority of the country knew about patient 91, which was my moniker. when we went through the lobby and must have been ten deep with people. everyone had their phones out, even doctors and nurses in different words. it was a bit surprising and i wouldn't say overwhelming, but. ijust couldn't believe it. as lockdown eases here in scotland and the uk, do you have a message for people
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in their approach to the advice and guidelines? i'm a living example of what this virus can do. and how serious. you know, people might grumble about having to put on gloves or social distancing, two metres apart and all this sort of stuff, but do you know, i contracted it and i was under for ten weeks, on life support. it's no laughing matter. it's a very serious thing, and i think people can't be blase about this until we have eradicated it. 0liver burns, bbc news. next — to lebanon where health officials have recommended a two—week lockdown. this tweet explains why. it's from the head of the main hospital that's treating covid—19 in lebanon, it says...
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lebanon's health ministry says that if the current rate of admissions is maintained, the country will run out of beds to treat coronavirus patients by the middle of next month. and the coronavirus problem in lebanon is compounded by the country's economic and political crisis. this article from the telegraph last month puts it starkly. "people will die within months." lebanon heads for famine as pandemic accelerates hunger. the currency has nosedived and food prices have doubled since the start of the year. the country's government is effectively bankrupt and in no position to fund a massive emergency response. people are getting desperate. this tweet from a journalist in beirut shows a series of facebook posts — people offering furniture, glassware, and even shoes in exchange for diapers, cooking oil, and baby formula. he says... and this is cctv of an armed man stealing nappies. that's from a report by martin patience, our correspondent in beirut.
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the french foreign minister was in lebanon recently — this is his diagnosis. translation: this country, it must be said, is on the brink of collapse. and if action is not taken it risks becoming a country adrift. each one knows the path to be taken. there are ways to recover. france is ready to support them, provided that the political authorities take the necessary decisions. the call to lebanon's leaders to act is a pointed one. there have been protests against them in lebanon for months now. and weariness is setting in. this is from martin patience again... and joining me from beirut is ghada alsharif, a reporter at the daily star lebanon newspaper. thank you forjoining us. help me understand at the moment what
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restrictions are in place? at the moment the restrictions that are in place are not 100% confirmed yet. the government will be meeting in a cabinet session tomorrow to approve ofa number of cabinet session tomorrow to approve of a number of what they are calling severe preventive measures. today however at the interior minister did confirm that the country would be going into a sort of two—part lockdown from july 31 two august the 3rd and then august the 6th to august the 10th. and in that time he said that bars, nightclubs, will be close, religious gatherings will be banned which will impact muslims celebrating eib this weekend but nothing yet has been confirmed regarding the airport. is there anything the government can do to try do protect the lebanese economy what goes through this? that is a very tough question. right now it is
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a precarious balance between resuscitating the economy and making sure the oscar system is not overwhelmed which is why we have been seeing the search we have been seeing in the last few weeks. lebanon initially did a good job managing coronavirus and web and on recorded some of the lotus infection and mortality rates in the middle east since the start of the coronavirus pandemic. —— some of the lowest. but because lockdown coincided with a economic crisis which has been brewing for almost a year, the economy was forced to reopen so we saw the reopening of the airport in conjunction with the reopening of the nightclubs, hospitality industry, all that had been restricted prior to the beginning of the month, total lifting of curfew as well as the lack of adherence to social distancing measures by the general public. and a number of travellers
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arriving in beirut also u nfortu nately arriving in beirut also unfortunately failed to quarantine properly which led to some infection clusters. but on the other hand weapon on's economy is also in severe crisis and the government needs both tourism and ex—pats coming back into the country and they need people to spend money here because there is a real currency crisis and a lack of cash flowing in the economy. they need the industry to get back on its feet. we have only 30 seconds but is there political consensus about the need for more restrictions? we saw on friday the committee dealing with or combating the coronavirus provide recommendations for a two week lockdown. today the interior ministry like i said did say that nightclubs... i am going to jump and we are right at the end of the programme. let us speak again
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because this is an important and present situation in lebanon. ghada alsharif finishing this edition of 0utside source. hello there. it's been pretty unsettled today. we've had low—pressure nearby. it's brought fairly strong winds, a lot of cloud and some pretty heavy and persistent rain, with some heavy showers thrown in as well. this week, we're starting off cool, rather unsettled thanks to low—pressure, but by mid—week and towards the end of the week, high—pressure dominates and it'll turn also much warmer, dry and sunnier, particularly across the south, where we could see the first 30 celsius plus of the month. but it will be a short warm spell. now, this is the area of low pressure which has brought all the unsettled weather through today. it is slowly pushing out into the north sea, but what that is doing is allowing a run of pretty cool northwesterly winds to develop, and they will be quite strong and blustery through the overnight period, feeding in lots of showers to northern and western areas. stays pretty wet, in fact, for the northern isles. but because of the breeze, and also the cloud and the showers, it should not be too cold at night.
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temperatures in double figures for most. into tuesday, it remains quite blustery. a better day than what we had through monday, with increasing amounts of sunshine across southern and eastern areas. there will be plenty of showers in northern and western areas. some of these may travel in towards the strong and blustery northwest wind. and it remains quite wet and windy across the northern isles. again, temperatures pretty disappointing with that northwesterly wind around. the mid—to—high teens for most of us. low—pressure continues to push off in towards scandinavia on wednesday. we've got another system pushing into western part of the country. more crucially, an area of high—pressure starts to build in across the south, and that's going to be the game changer of our weather from wednesday onwards. so it'll stay quite blustery in the far north east, close to that low. low—pressure pushing into the west will bring more cloud from northern ireland, to wales, maybe some spots of rain here. but across the south, the southeast corner especially, we start to see increasing amounts of sunshine as that high pressure builds in, so the temperatures will be a little bit higher. again, the high teens further north. as we move out of wednesday
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into thursday, our area of high pressure establishes itself over the near continent. this area will bring more clouds, showers, maybe some of them heavy across northern ireland in towards scotland, but as we move out of thursday into friday, we really start to see this warm air spread northwards right across the country, so we will have a few showers and cloud across northern and western areas on thursday. it starts to hot up across the south and then it's warmer for all of us on friday. temperatures into the low 30s celsius across the south.
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