this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. the us supreme courtjudge ruth bader ginsburg has died. she was 87 and had been undergoing treatment for pancreatic cancer. prepare for a winter battle against coronavirus, thatis battle against coronavirus, that is the latest ruling phenomenon hemisphere from the world health organization. as cases rise across europe, governments in spain, ireland and the uk have brought in new local restrictions to try to prevent further nationwide shutdowns. i don't think anybody wants to go intoa i don't think anybody wants to go into a second lockdown but clearly when you look at what is happening you have to wonder whether you need to go further. in the us, new rules aimed at banning chinese owned apps tik tok and wechat could come
into force by sunday. and the new siberia, as global warming melts permafrost, transforming the landscape. hello and welcome to bbc news. it has just been announced that the us supreme courtjustice ruth bader ginsburg has died. she was 87 years old. she had been undergoing treatment for pancreatic cancer. our correspondent looks back on her life and career. ruth bader ginsburg was born in brooklyn new york in 1933. child of recent immigrants she attended cornell university, meeting her husband marty there, the love of her life stop despite excelling at harvard law school the young mother could not get a job at the young mother could not get ajob ata the young mother could not get a job at a law firm when she graduated, experiencing sex discrimination first hand. she
worked to promote women's rights at the american civil liberties union in the 70s, arguing in front of the us supreme court that women faced discrimination in employment. rbd was involved in the first case of supreme court ruled that sex discrimination was unconstitutional. she red the brief, co—wrote the beef — for the aclu that basically ended up the aclu that basically ended up providing all the reasons why sex discrimination had to be unconstitutional under the 14th amendment. as ruth bader ginsburg's reputation as a trailblazer for women's rights group she was made a federal judge by presidentjimmy carter. then came the ultimate honour. i, ruth bader ginsburg, do solemnly swear... it was president bill clinton who nominated her to the supreme court in 1993. in the hearing she defended a woman's right to choose an abortion. she became only the second female justice in history to find those concerned about her age.
in history to find those concerned about her agelj in history to find those concerned about her age. i was age 60 when i was nominated. some people thought i was too old for thejob. now some people thought i was too old for the job. now i some people thought i was too old for thejob. now i am into my 27th, starting my 27th year on the court, so i am one of the longest tenured justices. so if you are worried about my age... it was unnecessary. (laughs). ruth bader ginsburg was a powerful author of legal opinions. when the court ruled in favour of george w bush in 2000, effectively deciding the presidential election in his favour, she famously wrote the descent. as more conservative justices were appointed to the court in recent years, her dissenting opinions were more frequent and her legacy became clear. on the court she continued to legitimise and extend the rights of women. in the workplace, in education, in all walks of life. but beyond that, she continued to work for
the expansion of rights, the recognition of rights, for all people. ruth bader ginsburg's distinctive legal voice became —— made her a cult figure. she was parodied on late—night tv, the subject of books, teachers and a documentary, much to her surprise. it is amazing. iam $0011 surprise. it is amazing. iam soon to be 87 years old, and eve ryo ne soon to be 87 years old, and everyone wants to take a picture with me! (laughs). she had to apologise more than calling —— pulling then candidate donald trump baker faker in 2016, a rare misstep. in herfinal years she battled cancer repeatedly, receiving treatment while still working. democrats will have to stay on thejob fearing president democrats will have to stay on the job fearing president trump would place her with a conservative leaning justice, cementing the court's tilt to the right. ruth bader ginsburg will rip —— be remembered as a champion of women's legal rights and a leading liberal voice on the supreme court. 0ur
correspondence is in washington, she was a judge but she also became incredibly famous and was a famous liberal icon, tell us more. she really was, a cultural icon, even when you go to the shops here in washington dc, there is lots of paraphernalia of ruth bader ginsburg, key rings, t—shirts, tote bags, but this was all built on a solid foundation of legal work. she was a trailblazer for women's right as we have been hearing their in that report, and really made her mark in the 1970s, she modelled herself on the first african—american supreme court justice, thurgood marshall, by using the civil rights act to get equal rights for women, she went on and made history herself, becoming the first,
the second woman on the supreme court justice appointed the second woman on the supreme courtjustice appointed by bill clinton, just to recap the statement that has been released by the supreme court confirming that she died tonight surrounded by her family, "at her home here in washington, dc. she had been suffering with complications due to pancreatic cancer, 87 yea rs due to pancreatic cancer, 87 years old. the oldest member of the supreme court, one of the most liberal, liberal star wars, just to give some reaction coming in, vito 0'rourke —— stalwart. he says "so sorry for ruth bader ginsburg's family and country, i hope her example and her legacy can inspire us all in the fight of our lives". thank you, i know you will keep us updated at the story develops. let's speak to the bbc‘s in
washington. your reflections on an astonishing life? as we have just heard, she was a trailblazer in so many ways, as a woman, was very much a man's world in legal circles in america, up there on the supreme court. she was staunchly on the liberal side, reliably on the liberal side, and very much a supporter of women's rights. but i think the big question in america tonight is how this has thrown the 2020 presidential election right up in the air, james, because everybody on the democratic side was certainly hoping that ruth bader ginsburg, who was known to be sick, she had been in and out of hospital with complications of cancer, that she would survive until they hoped a democrat was elected into the white house to replace donald trump, and therefore a democrat would have the chance to pick the person who was
going to replace her. now the chances are that ruth bader ginsburg's replacement will be chosen by donald trump, either before or after the presidential election, and that would change, for decades, the make—up of the us supreme court, because a young conservative judge could be court, because a young conservativejudge could be put into replace an older liberal judge, and that would have a huge impact on american law and american life 4:30—40 years to come. and i think that is what is on the minds of a lot of americans tonight, this woman who was a trailblazer and her life, but also the impact that it has 50 days before a us presidential election, and we cannot understate the political importance of the fact that ruth bader ginsburg has died before this election. we have courts remember 2016 when a previous supreme court justice, the conservative judge scalia, the conservative judge scalia, the last of 0bama's presidency. they used to go to the opera
together. when scalia died, within almost minutes, hours, the republicans came out and said this should be a decision for the next president. i noticed chuck schumer, the democratic leader, has essentially quoted them now, saying this to be a decision for the next president, but thatis for the next president, but that is not how republicans see at this time. no, and scalia, my memory is, he died in around spring, so actually the 0bama administration had several months before the election back in 2016, and they put forward merrick garland, who was a dc judge, and was, they thought, the most acceptable person on the most acceptable person on the democratic side that they could get through the republicans in the senate, he was much more of a centrist, and mitch mcconnell, who was the senate leader said no, we cannot have a judge confirmed in an election year. now mitch mcconnell‘s point that he has made very clear this time around would be that welcome at
this time around you have a republican in the white house and you have a republican—controlled senate. backin republican—controlled senate. back in 2016 you had a democrat, barack back in 2016 you had a democrat, ba rack 0bama back in 2016 you had a democrat, barack 0bama in the white house, and you had a republican—controlled senate, and that was back then, mitch mcconnell‘s argument for not confirming merrick garland to the supreme court and saying we have to wait until after the election. it is unlikely, james, that donald trump will be able to find a nominee, he has a list already we know, but thoroughly let them in the way they need to be vetted and get them confirmed before the election, but i think what perhaps is worth people around the world remembering is that even after november the third, we re even after november the third, werejoe biden to win this election, donald trump is still president until inauguration day in the middle ofjanuary. that gives them another 2.5 months in which to have a supreme courtjustice confirmed, and the likelihood is that they would be able to do it. ruth bader ginsburg, people close to her have said
that one of the things she really did not want to happen was that she would be replaced by somebody who was chosen by donald trump. it looks like thatis donald trump. it looks like that is not a wish that is going to come true for her. the likelihood is that mr trump, with senator mcconnell as his ally in the senate, because of course the senate also, even when democrats to win the senate, that would not change until inauguration day in january, they would be able to get somebody through. you are talking about that list, and there it was on the ninth of september, just a few days ago when president trump in the white house gave 20 or so names, including two or three senators, ted cruz, hawley and cotton, who said not interested , cotton, who said not interested, but a bunch of federaljudges as well, i imagine we will be hearing about these names almost straightaway. they were, very fast, they will have to go through an extensive vetting process , through an extensive vetting process, but the senate has a
53 majority on the republican side so the chances are that they would be able to get them through and the chances are that donald trump, facing a tough re—election, will now wa nt to tough re—election, will now want to play the card that he has played so successfully for conservatives and evangelicals through the cause of his presidency which is "i am the president which will give you conservative judges". president which will give you conservativejudges". a reminder to our view is that the supreme court justices reminder to our view is that the supreme courtjustices are there for life, and they have an enormous amount of power over what happens in the workplace, what happens in the bedroom, what happens in politics. what happens in finance. they are the people who are the ultimate arbiters of law in america. at the moment, the supreme court is a 5-4, it is moment, the supreme court is a 5—4, it is a nine hazard body, five republicans, four democrat, with the death of justice ginsburg, it is likely to become a six person republican and 3—person
democrat, and donald trump has no interest in choosing a supreme courtjustice who is a centrist republican, he will try to choose somebody who is a conservative republican, because that will satisfy his political base and that is what his supporters are so happy about in terms of what he has done for them. it is one of the great triumphs of donald trump's presidency, from the point of view of his base, is that he has managed to get through a lot of conservative judges. and two supreme court justices in an incredibly short amount of time. it is very rare to have a president who in one term gets three supreme court... jimmy carter didn't have any in four years. and barack 0bama had two. you have three and you can really change the make—up of the supreme court for a very long time. and that happens in this election, that happens in this election, that will be fixed, so even if joe biden were to win in november, the supreme court which has this huge amount of power will already have been
chosen and the die will have been cast. it is so interesting, in other countries including the uk from where i am speaking, i don't think anyone could name anyjudge at all, but in america it seems supreme courtjudges particularly ruth bader ginsburg and some of the others, are household names. is that because of the power that the supreme court has in making decisions, or is that to do with something else? decisions, or is that to do with something else ?|j decisions, or is that to do with something else? i think ruth bader ginsburg became a cultural icon, they were films made about her and documentaries made about her, she became the notary s rbg, a play on —— notorious. i have definitely come across her and in the same room as her, i have met a couple of the supreme court judges, met a couple of the supreme courtjudges, three of them in small lunch or dinner settings and had a chance to talk to them, idid and had a chance to talk to them, i did not meet her, because she has been quite elderly recently and you didn't see her very much around washington, in the way you may have done ten or 15 years ago.
but she did have this huge admiration and following and people really adored her, and the people who work for her said she was a wonderful mixture of, you know, very clear on the legal side but also great sense of humour. we mentioned earlierjustice scalia who was very conservative... polar opposite judicially. but a great friend of ruth bader ginsburg and justice ginsburg is to say it was because he made her laugh, had a great sense of humour and they enjoyed culture together. i wonder whether that is sort of, you know, back to a previous time, a lot of american politicians kind of hark back to this sort of, in slightly rose tinted glasses, to this kind of halcyon era of comity in this country and political coming together. and i thinkjustice ginsburg and justice scalia coming from polar opposite political points of view, in some ways where the emblem of that, the couple who
we re emblem of that, the couple who were opposite politically but managed to get along. you really don't get that in washington anymore, and i don't think you hear i haven't heard that he has had similar friendships with justices on the liberal side. the appointees appointed by barack 0bama. it is very hard to overstate the political shock waves which are running through washington tonight on a friday night in washington with this news. it does remind me of 1991 when thurgood marshall, who we have mentioned, the liberal icon retired and was replaced by clarence thomas who was hisjudicial replaced by clarence thomas who was his judicial opposite. replaced by clarence thomas who was hisjudicial opposite. he lived for another year and a half but apparently regretted
retiring at the wrong time. whetherjustice ginsburg retiring at the wrong time. whether justice ginsburg didn't regret retiring under barack 0bama. regret retiring under barack obama. leaving that is a question that will be asked at the moment? is a hard question to talk about. she had a huge amount of affection and people loved her and loves the fact that she was still serving on the bench. i have heard democrats, particularly democrats, particularly democrats who served in the 0bama administration who have said to me, they wished she had retired when they had a chance to choose a successor. is finally on this, what is the democratic strategy? they have very few options because yellow and tempted to say they have no options. chuck schumer has tweeted essentially what mitch mcconnell was saying 2016, it isa mcconnell was saying 2016, it is a matter for the mcconnell was saying 2016, it is a matterfor the next president. why would mitch mcconnell listen? he has a majority and the democrats did
away with the parliamentary mechanism that allowed them to have to secure two birds majority in order to get a supreme courtjustice. majority in order to get a supreme court justice. he majority in order to get a supreme courtjustice. he can say, we have a senate majority and a republican in the white house. ms mcconnell‘s political raison on detra for the last three orfour raison on detra for the last three or four years of the trump administration has been to get conservatives into judicial positions. this is the ultimate judicial position he can feel that will keep the supreme court in a conservative direction for decades to come. of course he is going to take it. thank you very much. we will of course be updating you on this story which is katty kay in washington said has the potential to become one of the most important stories in the 2020 political election. with that warning from the world health organisation, new fear and new restrictions are sweeping across europe
as a resurgence of coronavirus takes hold in several countries. spain is the latest to announce tighter regulations for parts of madrid. while ireland is also taking stricter measures in dublin. freya cole reports. this pandemic has a long way to burnin this pandemic has a long way to burn in our society. it is not burning out going away. the energy has not gone out of this pandemic. there is a lot of energy left in the spring and this can drive the pandemic forward. the force of infection within our communities and particularly some countries is still very high. with that warning from the world health organisation, new fear and new restrictions are sweeping across europe as a resurgence of coronavirus takes hold in several countries. spain is the latest to announce tighter regulations for parts of madrid. while ireland is also taking stricter measures in dublin. freya cole reports. carabanchel, a working—class suburb in the south—west of madrid. streets are filled with people going about their business, but it's been identified as a coronavirus hotspot. and from monday, the neighbourhood is one of 26 around the city
which will return to lockdown. translation: we need to avoid a state of emergency at all costs, and above all we need to avoid a total lockdown. we need to avoid an economic disaster. hospitals in madrid, especially those in poorer areas, are at breaking point. the virus has been rising in spain since latejuly. some critics say madrid officials have been slow to act. translation: we are saturated with people who need healthcare. we are doing the best we can, but we need more workers, we need more resources. ireland's capital city is also under new restrictions. dublin has seen a sharp rise and has been forced into stricter measures before the situation worsens. but israel is the first country in the world to enforce a second nationwide lockdown. and it comes at the most exceptional time on the country's calendar,
the jewish new year. there's more than 7,000 police officers involved in implementing health measures, preventing movements of up to one kilometre and these rules and regulations will continue until the 11th of the month. for businesses, it means packing up shop again. translation: it will hurt us because businesses continue to pay full rent. no—one helps us with the extra expenses of having all our workers at home. 30 million cases around the world, and the resurgence in the northern hemisphere is earlier than anyone expected. as cooler weather approaches, health officials are pleading for everyone to take the precautions to stay safe. freya cole, bbc news. scientists are warning that, across siberia, ground — normally frozen all year round — is thawing. this releases huge amounts of greenhouse gases,
making the problem of global warming even worse. in the second of his reports from the remote ya kutia region, our moscow correspondent, steve rosenberg, looks at how thawing permafrost is affecting not just the climate, but the landscape and livelihoods in siberia. something rather strange is happening in siberia. in the town of churapcha, these are the scars of climate change. rising temperatures mean that the frozen ground, the permafrost, is thawing, leaving a siberian teletubby land of mounds and hollows, ponds and lakes. it means less pastureland... and more trouble getting around. climate change has been causing all kinds of problems here. where we are driving now was completely flat 20 years ago. there was actually an airport here, and this was the runway. but because the
permafrost has been thawing, the ground has fallen away. the result? no more planes here now. siberia has a whole city built on permafrost — yakutsk. now we stay 12 metres under the surface. deep underground, they're monitoring the rate at which the soil is thawing because that affects not just the city, but the climate too. this is the permafrost? yes, it's the permafrost. you see this layer, it is enriched organic matter, the shrubs, grass. and what happens when the permafrost thaws? 0rganic matter contains a lot of greenhouse gases, and when the permafrost
is thawing, they can go into the air. so the more the permafrost thaws, the more gases go into the atmosphere? absolutely right. scientists believe that this year's forest fires in siberia have accelerated permafrost thawing as far north as the arctic circle, contributing to global warming. but back in churapcha, ilya has no time to think about the fate of the planet. he's too busy plugging holes to try to stop this permafrost pond from becoming a lake and washing away the house he's building. all the scrap he can find, he's dumping to insulate the permafrost.
as for the house, like all the buildings here, stilts are essential to avoid that sinking feeling. translation: they say that global warming has started, so i don't know what's going to happen. but i will leave that to my children to solve that problem. i'm too old to do it. but what will siberia be like for ilya's children if climate change isn't tackled now? at risk are whole communities and livelihoods. as it is, the land here, bizarre, disfigured, is already a permanent reminder that change is happening. steve rosenberg, bbc news, siberia.
we will have more on reaction to the death of us supreme courtjustice ruth to the death of us supreme court justice ruth bader ginsburg. to stay with us. hello. well, i think most of us would agree that the last few days have been pretty decent on the weather front. we've had plenty of sunny spells. it's been pleasantly warm, and this spell of settled weather is going to continue through the weekend. there might be one or two showers in the far south of the country, brought by this low pressure which is actually close to spain and portugal. that's just encroaching into the south of the uk. but on the whole, it's looking absolutely fine, and the advice is make the most of this weekend because next weekend could be very different. much more like autumn. so, this is what it looks like early on saturday morning. you can see the showers there crossing the english channel, just about approaching cornwall and devon there by the second half of the morning or around about lunchtime. let's zoom in to the south and see where the showers will be. so, the thinking is cornwall,
devon, maybe somerset, one or two possibly sneaking into the isle of wight as well, but certainly north of the m11, it's looking mostly sunny. in fact, a beautiful afternoon on the way. bit of a breeze still blowing out of the east—northeast, but even in the north of the country, temperatures could nudge up to close to 20 celsius. the thinking is that later on in the afternoon, it might cloud over around the aberdeenshire coastline and also the north of england. there's a lot of cloud here in the north sea and that north—easterly wind will push some of that cloud closer to land. but the evening on the whole is looking fine for most of us on saturday.
sunday's weather forecast is going to be a mostly bright if not sunny day. the winds will be just that bit lighter in the south and no further showers are expected in the south, so, a dry day and a warm one as well. temperatures possibly hitting the mid 20s in the south east of the country, cooler on the north sea coast, only around 15. the outlook for early next week, it is still looking fine, but midweek onwards, it's a complete change in fact, weather systems are expected to spiral up in the atlantic and head in our direction. yep, you guessed it. autumn will be knocking on the door. so, a big change in the way for around about tuesday, wednesday onwards. now, the beginning of the week is looking absolutely fine and on monday, the south of the country with temperatures still hitting around 25 celsius, a little cooler by tuesday and from wednesday, it's all change.
this is bbc news, the headlines: the us supreme courtjudge ruth bader ginsburg has died. she was 87 and had been undergoing treatment for pancreatic cancer. as one of four liberal justices on the court, her death raised the prospect of president trump trying to expand the court's conservative majority. world health 0rganisation majority. world health organisation has warned that the coronavirus pandemic is not burning out or going away. the head of the who's health emergencies programme says countries in the northern hemisphere needed to do far more to combat the disease over the coming winter. the united states government has said it will then downloads of two chinese social media applications, tiktok and wechat from sunday. tiktok said it was disappointed with the ruling. both companies had said they will vow to fight the president's decision. those are the headlines. now on bbc news — click.