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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  October 7, 2020 10:00pm-10:31pm BST

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tonight at 10pm... scotland faces sweeping new restrictions because of a rapid rise in cases of coronavirus. the toughest new rules will apply to all licensed premises across the central belt of scotland, including glasgow and edinburgh — they'll have to close indoors and outdoors, but takeaways will be permitted. without action, and this is perhaps the starkest warning in today's evidence paper, we are likely to return to the peak level of infections we had in the spring by the end of this month. scotland is to ban unnecessary journeys on public transport, and face coverings will soon be mandatory when moving around the workplace. we'll also have the latest on rising infection rates in parts of england, where new restrictions are set to be announced next monday. also tonight... the perils of long covid — we report on the long—term
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effects of the illness, suffered by hundreds of thousands of people. life in a warzone — we report on the families trapped by fighting between azerbaijan and armenia. people here tell us this is the way it's been for the last few days. it's become the normal routine to have indiscriminate shelling. and the new film about a group of black campaigners and their struggle against police, in the london of 1970. and coming up on bbc news... gareth southgate reminds his england players of their responsibilities, with three set to miss thursday's international with wales for breaking coronavirus rules. good evening. more than three million people in scotland are facing a range of sweeping new restrictions, because of a rapid rise in rates of infection. the first minister warned that,
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without taking action, scotland risked " returning to the peak level of infection" within a few weeks. the toughest new rules will apply to all licensed premises across the central belt of scotland, including glasgow and edinburgh. the new rules will apply from 6pm this friday, for an initial period of 16 days. in the central belt areas, all licensed premises, with the exception of hotels for residents, will have to close indoors and outdoors, although takeaways will be permitted. in other parts of scotland, pubs and restaurants will be able to open for limited hours but can only serve alcohol outdoors. the first minister admitted the new rules would be disruptive to many businesses and would be unwelcome to many people. let's start in glasgow with our scotland editor, sarah smith. as you say, there are now less than
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48 hours left during which you can enjoy a drink inside licensed premises anywhere in scotland. nicola sturgeon, the first minister, had warned tougher measures were needed and, with today's announcement, the hospitality industry is worried about closures and job losses and the rest of us are concerned about where we can go to see family and friends. there won't be any of that this weekend. there will be no drinking inside bars and restaurants in scotland for over a fortnight. the news that no one wanted to hear from a politician who knows this will be unpopular, but she says short, sharp measures are required. without them there is a very real risk, presiding officer, that the virus will run out of control by the end of this month. but with them we hope to slow down its spread and that will help us keep schools and businesses, including hospitality buisnesses open over the winter and fundamentally it will save also lives. it's an announcement that could be hard to swallow. if it is a short—term fix, then so be it, let's have it
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but if it's something that carries on for the next few months, then it's obviously, you know, not going to be ideal. i know i probablyjust won't see people, that's the hard truth of it. if you're stopping alcohol at that certain time people are going to be forced to go into each other‘s houses anyway. so i don't really see the point. venues like this take so many anti—covid precautions they don't believe they really pose a risk. we haven't had one case from track and trace, or one other case and it's not happening here. we've got our rules, we've got our regulations. we've got our face masks, we've got our hand sanitiser. we are protecting our customers and our staff and people aren't doing that in homes and where they're going and gathering in groups. it's already the case that we can't meet to socialise in each other‘s homes in scotland. now people can't meet for a drink in a bar or licensed restaurant either. it sounds pretty harsh. but the scottish government say if it wasn't for the need to think aboutjobs and people's health and well—being they'd actually go even further. to explain why it's shutting down much of the hospitality industry
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the government published some of their scientific evidence. it shows the virus could reach peak levels of infection by the end of the month and includes data showing that about a fifth of people with coronavirus have visited bars or restaurants. but that doesn't prove they're being infected in places like this. you cannot put people out of a job on a hunch. without the science to back it up and the fact it is incredibly well policed, i genuinely do not understand it, and we're not being told why. faced with rapidly rising infection rates, what are the government's options? in terms of this virus, what we're trying to do at the moment is restrict households meeting indoors where we know with airborne transmission, poor ventilation, physical distancing being difficult, the virus has a chance to spread. we already cannot meet in each other‘s home, so what is the next likely candidate? the next likely candidate, unfortunately is hospitality, particularly where alcohol is being sold. so that is the rationale, the research basis for why these
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measures are being introduced at the current time. glasgow has the highest coronavirus rates in scotland, but that is less than half the numbers seen in parts of northern england. and now, along with the rest of central scotland, this city has the tightest covid restrictions in the uk. sarah smith, bbc news, glasgow. hospital admissions are rising rapidly. more than two thirds of them yesterday were in the north of england, where infection rates are much higher than the rest of the uk. health leaders have warned that the numbers going into hospital in some places there are at similar levels to the peak, and they've expressed alarm at the trend. and the infection rate is rising — on average, across england, there are now 55 cases per 100,000 people. but across northern england the situation is much worse. the manchester area has recorded 561 cases per 100,000. in liverpool, it's 516 per 100,000. and now there are signs of an increase further south,
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in the midlands and east midlands, with nottingham now recording 440 cases per 100,000 people. 0ur correspondent, dan johnson, spent the day there. in some of our biggest cities, there is fear. it's terrifying, because we don't know how long this is going to go on for. i didn't really want to come here today because they've gone up so much, but we risked it. there are appeals for more action. we have got to do something. i don't know whether we are going to go down, hopefully not a full lockdown again, like we did last time, but who knows? just the restrictions, just to get it over with, reduce the spread for a while. i mean, it's not ideal. it's not great. it's not what i would like. and calls for greater clarity. i look at what the scots are doing and that seems to be clearer messaging from the scottish government. it's the balance between public health and keeping the economy going. how long is it going to go on for if people are not taking it seriously? that's what i am worried about a lot.
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case numbers have soared to the fifth highest in england. this has been the quietest day since we opened injuly. and sam is seeing the impact. i think that is because of the rising cases. i'm sure that people arejust more cautious about coming into the city, spreading anything, you know, catching anything. but, over the last few days, they have increased exponentially. so those in charge are asking for tighter rules. whatever restrictions come in, i would plead with the government to make them straightforward, to make them easy to understand. some people, a small number of people are ignoring the restrictions now, but others are confused. i've had many e—mails this morning already asking me what people should do. in leeds, extra measures are already in place, but cases have kept rising. we just hope it doesn't come to that, come back to a full lockdown again. people can at least come and have some sort of socialising,
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some sort of eating out experience. it's very sad, because we are old and our lives our our children and grandchildren. and we can't see them. i don't see how they can restrict me even more. i don't mind if they close pubs altogether. but, back in the midlands, there are voices urging a different approach. all that you are doing is stopping business, stopping people enjoying themselves, and they've achieved nothing, as far as i can see. so what do you think should happen? let things go back to normal. take all the restrictions away. but further measures are coming, as this city and others struggle to keep the virus under control. danjohnson, bbc news, nottingham. restrictions for parts of england are expected to be tightened next monday, including the possibility of closing pubs and restaurants. the government is set
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to introduce a tiered approach, in which different parts of england are placed in different categories. labour has demanded to see the scientific evidence behind the 10pm curfew rule, and it's accused the prime minister of lacking clarity in his handling of the pandemic. 0ur political editor, laura kuenssberg, reports. masks in the morning... good morning. for the commons speaker and his entourage. a sign you can see that once more the pandemic is at the front of parliament's mind... questions to the prime minister. with doubts here over whether ministers‘ strategy is really working at all. 20 local areas in england have been under restrictions for two months. prime minister, in 19 of those 20 areas, the infection rates have gone up. something has gone wrong here. i wish i could pretend, mr speaker, that everything was going to be rosy in the midlands or, indeed, in london, mr speaker, where, alas, we are also seeing infections rise, and that's why we need
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a concerted national effort. not enough for labour. so will he level with the people of bury, burnley and bolton and tell them, what does he actually think the problem is here? what we are doing is a combination of national and local measures which, one week, mr speaker, he comes to this house and supports and, the next week, mysteriously he decides to whisk his support away. whether in sunderland or salford, more than 17 million people in the uk are living with extra limits already — early 13 million in england but, as the disease still spreads, might there be more? everyone round here is desperate to avoid another national lockdown but, with cases still rising, further clamp—downs are likely to be on the way. the treasury's nervous about extra rules choking off the economy, so is looking at extra support for pubs in the north of england and beyond, if they have to close.
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for their part, the department of health is keen on a system of different tiers, where parts of the country would be put into different clear categories. but the opposition and tory mps are getting more and more sceptical as each day goes by of whatever the government's proposing. there are a lot of complicated factors here, and number ten is yet to decide. and, as the need to act further seems to become more urgent in westminster, tensions are rising among the politicians who have to deal with restrictions on the ground. too much is being decided behind closed doors, without the detail being provided to council leaders and mayors, and that is not acceptable, given the seriousness of the situation. the government's clearly moving to a different phase of coping with covid but, with no announcements perhaps until monday, for the detail, you will have to wait. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. the latest government coronavirus
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data shows there were 14,162 new coronavirus infections recorded in the latest 24—hour period, a similar number to yesterday. it means the average number of new cases reported per day in the last week is 13,002. hospital admissions jumped significantly on sunday — now, on average, 496 people are being admitted every day over the past week. this number doesn't include scotland. 70 deaths have been reported — that's people who died within 28 days of a positive covid—19 test, again a similar number to yesterday. it means, on average, in the past week, 53 deaths were announced every day, which takes the total number of deaths so far across the uk to 42,515. 0ur health editor, hugh pym, is here. we are talking about rising numbers of cases, rising numbers of hospital admissions and alarm is being
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expressed at senior levels. that's right, tonight the academy of medical royal colleges, representing professional leaders, has said that, u nless professional leaders, has said that, unless people follow very carefully the lockdown rules in their area and social distancing guidelines, quote, there is a real danger of the nhs being unable to cope and possibly, if admission numbers carry on going up, being overwhelmed, quote, we could soon be back where we were in april. earlier, nhs providers representing trusts in england sounded a seasoned ruler warning, with the chief executive saying that although numbers are well below what they were in the pic that conceals regional variations, and that health leaders in the north of england were saying that admissions were rising so saying that admissions were rising so rapidly they feared current restrictions were not working and more was needed. as we have been hearing, there is a big debate going on across government in england about precisely what restrictions might be introduced next week. the
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interests of the economy being considered, to get the balance right there, but whitehall sources are indicating tonight these warnings from the north of england about hospital numbers are a cause for concern. thank you, hugh pym. next year's national 5 exams in scotland, broadly equivalent to gcses, are to be cancelled. they'll be replaced with teacher assessments and coursework. scotland's education secretary, john swinney, said sitting the exams during the pandemic was "too big a risk". higher and advanced higher exams will go ahead, but slightly later than usual, as our scotland correspondent, lorna gordon, reports. how are you doing, class? afternoon. at port glasgow high school, these 4th year pupils are studying for their national 5 qualifications, which are broadly equivalent to gcses. now, the exams they've been working towards have been scrapped, their grades to be based on continuous assessment instead. i think it's pretty bad. because it's very difficult for us to go on and we'll be thrown in at the deep end
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with our higher exams. tests in class aren't that bad, but i think it'sjust too much pressure to have, like, one big test determine your whole life. scotland was the first to reverse the controversial results from last year's cancelled exams to base them instead on teacher's estimates. it's now become the first to decide what to do about next year's exams, as well. the scottish government, determined to avoid the disruption, anger and eventual u—turn that marred the summer, insisting this is a system of awards that can be delivered despite coronavirus. it has evidence at its heart, it puts a robust system of quality assurance in place and it works with teachers to award on the basis of their professional judgment. i believe it is fair, i believe it is rigorous and of greatest importance, it gives us the opportunity to recognise the achievements of young people in scotland in these challenging days. at the school, they already had plans in place in case any exams were dropped. we knew that this would be a year of disruption,
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we knew there would be young people who might have to self—isolate for a significant amount of time and therefore, from day one we have talked in school about continuous assessment, about how we gather evidence. pupils in england are expecting a decision on exams within the next few weeks, with wales and northern ireland to follow — giving clarity to young people, at a crucial time of their lives. lorna gordon, bbc news, port glasgow. almost 900 jobs are at risk across manchester, sta nsted and east midlands airports, following a sharp drop in passenger numbers over the summer due to the pandemic. manchester airport group says it will begin consultation with the unions on the proposals. it comes as the pub chain greene king says it is closing nearly 80 pubs with the loss of around 800 jobs. it's blamed the 10pm closing time for a collapse in trade. the head of the nhs in england says hundreds of thousands of people could be suffering the effects of what's known as long covid.
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for most people , covid—19 is a relatively mild illness which passes quickly. but many others are left struggling with symptoms for months afterwards — some can be exhausted by a short walk, others can experience much more severe symptoms, as our medical editor, fergus walsh, explains. initially, i couldn't even climb a flight of stairs. this is what long covid can look like. 0k, arms across your chest... suji yathindra is a doctor in a&e. he got only a mild illness with covid, yet it's left him so exhausted he's been off work for three months. get out of breath quite easily, lots of muscle aches, joint pains. that's it, really. if i do exercise, the next day i'm out of it. ok, i'm going to time a minute... this post—covid clinic at
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london's university college hospital is diagnosing a vast array of physical, mental and cognitive problems, all stemming from coronavirus infection. so we are seeing people with really severe fatigue and really significant breathlessness, people who were running marathons at the beginning of the year, previously fit and well, didn't need any hospital admission for their covid but, six months on, are too fatigued to even get to the shops to buy food. long covid is a huge, emerging health problem. doctors say there is an urgent need for research into what drives the condition and produces such a wide variety of serious, debilitating symptoms. many people are struggling to get help with the after—effects of coronavirus. the boss of nhs england says £10 million will be spent on setting up more long—covid clinics across england. it's clear that there are tens of thousands,
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probably hundreds of thousands of coronavirus patients with these long—covid symptoms, so we need to specialist clinics like this, but also rehabilitation services across the community to both support those patients and to learn more about the best treatments for them. between 60 and 70... like so many with long covid, robert moore had only a minor coronavirus infection, yet the 30—year—old suffers repeated muscle and joint pain, brought on by any physical activity. as soon as i do anything, whether that's going for a walk or preparing something to eat or doing any form of cognitively difficult tasks, i'll just find a huge amount of fatigue the next day, whether that's muscular orjust a sort of general fatigue. so far, the focus has been on saving lives in the pandemic, but covid is leaving a bitter legacy for many that may stay with them for months or even years. fergus walsh, bbc news. two london—born members
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of the islamic state group have been flown to the united states and charged in connection with the killing of western hostages in syria. alexanda kotey and el shafee elsheikh have admitted being members of is and having had some contact with captives, but they deny murder. kotey and elsheikh were captured in syria in january 2018 and are said to have been part of a cell of executioners known as the beatles, because of their british accents. they are allegedly responsible for the killings of a number of western captives, including the britons alan henning and david haines. 0ur correspondent barbara plett—usher is at the court in virginia. what has been going on, barbara? the two defendants are on american soil and they were set to appear in court to hear the charges against them, but we have been told it is not
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happening in person it is happening via webcam. it is supposed to be taking place right about now, we just need confirmation on that. that is the latest in terms of what is happening. what they have said is their main role was facilitating ransom negotiations. they had nothing to do with those gruesome killings that were recorded on video and posted online. but the indictment has said they took part in physical and psychological violence, prolonged physical and psychological violence and they were pa rt psychological violence and they were part of a hostagetaking that resulted in death. american prosecutors feel they have a strong case, given they have just been given some additional information from the uk and they have been looking for that for a number of yea rs. looking for that for a number of years. but the hold—up was that its capital punishment in the usa and there is not capital punishment in there is not capital punishment in the uk. injuly, the attorney general promised prosecutors would not seek the death penalty, so that
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was the big breakthrough for the trial to go ahead. there are british victims as you mentioned and judicial officials have mentioned that. but this trial will be about the four american victims and it is important for the families who see it as the best way that the islamic state group do not get the last word. barbara plett-usher, with the latest in virginia outside the court room. president putin of russia has called for an end to hostilities in the nagorno—karabakh region. he said the fighting between azerbaijan and armenia was a tragedy, while iran warned it could escalate into a wider regional war. the current fighting is the worst seen since a war between azeris and armenians in the 1990s. under international law, the territory of nagorno—karabakh belongs to azerbaijan, but it's populated and governed by ethnic armenians. 0ur international correspondent, 0rla guerin, reports from the city of tartar in azerbaijan.
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azeri forces continuing their advance, in footage released by the authorities here. they only show the victories, not the losses, and they don't allow independent access to the front line. but we were allowed to enter the ghost town of tartar, which borders nagorno—karabakh. it's normally home to 100,000 people. most have been driven out by armenian shelling. but not 0sman, who we found picking up shrapnel. "the armenians caused a lot of destruction," he told us, "but it doesn't matter as long as they are driven out." some here in tartar are sheltering underground.
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he doesn't respond? this woman tells me her grandson is used to it, and she's not going anywhere. translation: we've been waiting for this for 28 years. that's why we don't want to take one step away. we're very excited about what's happening. my son and daughter are fighting on the front line. well, we've just been hearing more incoming fire. we heard what sounded like a jet a few minutes ago and there were some explosions in the last half an hour or so. now, people here tell us this is the way it's been for the last few days. it's become the normal routine to have indiscriminate shelling. and they say that nine civilians have been killed in this area. no cradle for her grandson, just a lullaby. but scenes like this are being repeated on the other
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side of the front line, as ethnic armenians are shelled by azerbaijan. in the azeri capital baku, they come to honour soldiers who fell in combat, stretching back to the soviet era. there's a lot of nationalism on display here and a lot of gratitude for strong backing from turkey. "we've come to visit the martyrs," says 20—year—old gulnar, "and to celebrate some of our victories. we believe there are a lot more to come." while they look to turkey, armenia is looking to russia. so far, it's largely staying out of the picture. for people here, the conflict over nagorno—kara bakh was never frozen. and now, the old hatreds are threatening to inflame the region. 0rla guerin, bbc news, baku.
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four men have gone on trial at the old bailey in connection with the deaths of 39 vietnamese migrants, who were found in a lorry trailer in essex last year. the jury was told the four had allegedly been involved in previous trips, when they'd smuggled migrants across the english channel. they have denied charges of manslaughter and conspiracy to facilitate illegal immigration. two inmates have been convicted of attempting to murder a prison officer at whitemoor high security jail in cambridgeshire. the old bailey heard that, in january, brusthom ziamani, who's 25, and 26 year—old baz hockton stabbed neil trundle in the head, neck and chest with weapons they'd made themselves. they were wearing fake suicide belts and shouted "god is great" in arabic. they are due to be sentenced tomorrow. documents released by a committee of the scottish parliament show the former first minister, alex salmond, tried to persuade his successor, nicola sturgeon,
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to stop allegations of misconduct against him from being made public. the documents have been submitted as evidence to an inquiry into how the scottish government handled the complaints against mr salmond, who was cleared of 13 charges of sexual assault earlier this year. 0ur scotland editor, sarah smith, is in glasgow. what more light can you shed on these documents? they are fascinating. amongst the evidence there is a long string of whatsapp m essa 9 es there is a long string of whatsapp messages between nicola sturgeon and alex salmond in which he is asking for several face—to—face meetings with the first minister and urging her to intervene in the scottish government investigation into his behaviour, saying it could embarrass the government if it is made public. 0ne the government if it is made public. one of the messages on the 1st of june 2018, nicola sturgeon says, me intervening is not the right thing to do. nicola sturgeon told the scottish parliament, the first she
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knew about any investigation into alex salmond's behaviours when he came to her house and told her about it in april 2018. in her written evidence she confirms she met a former aide of alex salmond four days earlier and said she was aware of allegations of a sexual nature against the former first minister. but she says she did not know formally about an investigation until he told her about it in that meeting in her home. nicola sturgeon also says she rejects in the strongest possible terms, any suggestion she's conspired with or against alex salmond. all of these documents have been published as pa rt documents have been published as part of the enquiry, the committee looking into how the scottish government handled this investigation into alex salmond's behaviour, which was found to be unlawful. he was then acquitted of 13 counts of sexual assault earlier this year in march. sarah smith, thank you for the update.
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two women have won this year's nobel prize for chemistry for their work developing a technique to edit dna. emmanuelle charpentier, who's french, and jennifer doudna, who's american, are the first women to win the award without a male collaborator. it's half a century since the mangrove march took place in west london, a milestone event which followed a clash between a group of black campaigners and police. the subsequent trial brought the first official acknowledgment of behaviour motivated by racial hatred within the metropolitan police. the first of five new films, directed by oscar winner steve mcqueen, tells the story of the mangrove nine, and it opens the bfi london film festival this week, as our correspondent, lizo mzimba, reports. mangrove is a story that shouldn't be seen as just a piece of black history. it's a piece of british history. it's about people, british citizens, who sort of dealt


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