tv BBC News at Ten BBC News October 19, 2020 10:00pm-10:31pm BST
tonight at ten: the welsh government will impose a 16—day nationwide lockdown to try to control the pandemic. in every part of wales, from 6pm on friday, people will be told to stay at home. the welsh government says it's principally to help the nhs. a firebreak period is our best chance of regaining control of the virus and avoiding a much longer and much more damaging national lockdown. but in some rural areas, where cases are relatively low and in the business community right across wales, there's deep disappointment. every time we lose turnover, we lay off people, we have to close pubs, sell pubs, the business gets smaller and weaker. we'll have the latest on why
wales is facing stricter measures than england, scotland or northern ireland. also tonight... in dublin, the irish government decides on the highest level of restrictions, but not a lockdown, following a surge in cases. this time around ireland's schools and construction sites will stay open. in greater manchester, there's still no agreement with government on putting the region at the highest alert level. the story of the conjoined twins from pakistan separated by surgeons in london and their return home after treatment. and, what inspired this musical work, performed for the first time by an orchestra of young black, asian and ethnically diverse musicians? and coming up in sport on bbc news, all to play for as leeds united look to move third in the premier league but wolves stand in their way at elland road.
good evening. the welsh government has decided to impose a 16—day lockdown in every part of wales to regain control of the pandemic. the first minister — labour's mark drakeford — said that without this action, the nhs in wales would not be able to cope in the weeks and months ahead. but there's been dismay and anger in those parts of wales where the number of cases is still relatively low. the lockdown will start at 6pm on friday evening. people will be told to stay at home, unless they're key workers or can't work from home. pubs, restaurants, hotels and all non—essential shops will close. primary schools will reopen after half—term, but only years 7 and 8 in secondary schools will be able to return. all other pupils will learn from home.
exercising outdoors will be permitted, parks will stay open, as will childcare facilities and takeaway food services will be allowed. gatherings indoors and outdoors with people not in the same household will not be allowed. but adults living alone will be able to mix in their support bubble. our wales correspondent hywel griffith has the latest. stay at home. three words that brought life to a standstill in spring, now an instruction for wales in autumn. this cafe bar in cardiff will close. the government says people must be confined to their houses again for a fortnight, to stop the virus spreading. a firebreak period is our best chance of regaining control of the virus and avoiding a much longer and much more damaging national lockdown.
the window we have within which to act is only a small one. many had anticipated the news, but it's split opinion. dewi and nuria are divided. what concerns me is it's blown out of all proportion. it doesn't seem to make a blind bit of difference, these lockdowns. if it has to be done, it has to be done, because i've been looking at the numbers closely and they have gone up really quickly. elliott, the manager here — he is frustrated that in summer the government was encouraging people to go out. now it's shutting them in again. we have had many more customers than we would have expected through august coming in, in a time when the virus is spreading, and i think it is irresponsible on the part of the government and it's led to this. now we have to suffer after we followed the rules. across wales, hallowe‘en is cancelled, bonfire night too, but while coronavirus case numbers are high here in cardiff,
over in pembrokeshire there are far fewer signs of a second wave, and questions over why here too they must shut down. i don't think it's fair that we're being locked down with the rest of wales. we have very low numbers. we've all been very careful in these small rural communities, and we've just done everything as carefully and safely as we can. the welsh government warns it must act to stop hospitals from being overwhelmed. last week the number of covid—related patients rose by 50%. this new intensive care unit will open in the lockdown. they desperately want to avoid cancelling elective care. kind of preparing for the worse. we have dusted off our surge plans. we've got all the spare ventilators back out of the cupboard, but it's with a heavy heart, and we think, last time we turned the whole hospital off, pretty much. every spare member of staff was brought to itu and retrained. they are busy now, they're busy in theatres doing operations, we don't have that luxury again. businesses will need a lifeline too.
this brewery has 160 pubs, but they didn't all survive the first lockdown. a lot of beer has just gone down the drain. tragically, about 100 people have lost their jobs. now the boss is worried this short sharp shutdown may be followed by several more. this is like sharpening a pencil. if you keep sharpening the pencil, in the end there's nothing left. you know, you can'tjust keep chipping away at an industry, knocking it down, expecting it to get back up again in great shape. every time we lose turnover, we lay off people, we have to close pubs, sell pubs, the business gets smaller and weaker, and that's notjust us, it will be affecting everybody in this sector. a firebreak can only slow not extinguish the danger. lives and livelihoods depend on its success. we will talk to hywel again in a moment. so, the new lockdown measures will come into force across wales on friday evening. it we compare infection rates in wales with the other home nations, the figures for last week show that northern
ireland was worst affected — with 385 cases per 100,000 people, followed by england, scotland and then wales, with the lowest rate. live to cardiff and hywel griffith. given that wales is number four on that list, what is the welsh government's logic and rationale for this action they are taking? they would argue that that is a symptom of their success, or at least an indicator that they are very cautious and their approach is slowing things down slightly more within wales. in the summer, bars and pubs and restaurants opened much later here than across the border in england, likewise shops were slower to open, travel instructions were in place for longer here than other parts of the uk so it is an abundance of caution that informs you about the welsh approach. and white wales is the first to go
back into a full lockdown. —— why wales point while the welsh government can choose its own measures, cannot fund this firebreak alone and there are still some tension between the welsh labour government and the treasury. the fortnight comes two months and two differentjob support schemes, the old furlough and the new one in november and we understand the welsh government wanted the treasury to fast forward then you want to make it easierfor fast forward then you want to make it easier for businesses but the rules will stay in place and that, according to the welsh labour government, creates room for confusion and may be a crack for some companies to pull down. it is pledging a £300 million of its own money to help support businesses but many are very worried not just about the next two weeks but for the next few months and a fear that this may be the first of many lockdowns to come. many thanks, hywel griffith in cardiff bay. in dublin, the irish government has tonight decided to impose the highest level of restrictions across the entire country for the next six weeks. measures to ban households mixing and to close non essential
businesses will come in at midnight on wednesday after a surge in cases over last two weeks. live to dublin for the latest with our ireland correspondent emma va rdy. ina in a couple of days' time, life across ireland will revert to much the same way it was when the pandemic first took hold, although this time round the irish schools and its construction sites will stay open but all those nonessential businesses and shops will once again have to close their doors. cases of the virus in ireland have risen rapidly over the past two weeks, almost a quarter of coronavirus cases across the whole pandemic had been recorded in that last fortnight but the hope in the irish government tonight is that by imposing this tougher return to lockdown measures now, it means there may be a return to some kind of normality towards christmas. the arrival of a second lockdown for
many was an unwelcome inevitability. what remains of dublin's nightlife will soon disappear once more. it's just confusing, but it is, like, understandable because of all the cases. also, it's kind of annoying for young people because there's no outlet for young people and we're constantly being criticised and cases are rising but, what do you expect? why shut shops if you're not shutting schools? you have teachers and classrooms and they're full. like, you can't social distance in them. counties along the irish border have been some of the worst affected, as cases of the virus have climbed for a second time. for micheal, who doubles as a funeral director and shop manager in the village of inniskeen. .. hello, good afternoon. how are you doing? ..the virus is feeling increasingly present. it's coming very close in the local community here. it's coming practically nearly to every house. do you think it will be harder this time around? coming into the darker evenings and that, people are housebound. they can't go out for a walk, they can't walk the dog, they can't exercise.
so, they're be stuck inside their house and they have no comfort or whatever. ireland has a tiered system. this county is in tier 4. people have been told they'll have a few days to prepare before they're moved to tier 5, the highest level of restrictions and close to where things were back in march. tonight, the irish prime minister announced that nonessential businesses must close across ireland for six weeks. restaurants, cafes and bars will be permitted to provide takeaway services only. 0nly essential retail may remain open. everyone in the country is being asked to stay at home, with exercise permitted within a five kilometre radius of your home. 0nly essential workers whose physical presence in the workplace are permitted to travel to work. those who can work from home must do so. it comes after a wave of new restrictions in northern ireland began on friday. but while the republic of ireland will keep
schools open, northern ireland closed schools from today, an extra week on the half term break. certainly if this break was to continue beyond two weeks, i think the pressures that would be brought to bear would be enormous. we really have to try make a change for this year because it'sjust, you know, it's proving to be impossible to provide those children with the level of education they would require. in the irish counties with the highest rates of infections, food and hospitality businesses have already shut. but the government believes these localised measures aren't working. so, tonight, much more of ireland is braced for a near total return to the lockdown of before. emma vardy, bbc news, dublin. the health secretary for england, matt hancock, has warned of the growing number of people over 60 in the north west region who are becoming infected with the virus. liverpool is badly affected, as is greater manchester, where local leaders are still resisting plans to put
the region into the highest alert level — or tier 3. tonight the mayor of greater manchester, andy burnham, told the bbc that the government could have a deal if it better protects low paid people, but he sadi it is choosing not to do that. 0ur health correspondent dominic hughes has this report. once a busy, bustling city centre, manchester is quieter now, poised perhaps to enter the highest covid alert level, tier 3. days of talks between government and local leaders have failed to resolve how and when that is to happen, while ministers warn that older people are now increasing at risk from the virus. i'm very worried that the cases per hundred thousand among the over 60s is a01 in the liverpool city region, 241 in lancashire, and in greater manchester has risen over the past week from 171 to 283. senior local health leaders acknowledge the gravity
of the situation but say it is not out of control. we are not overwhelmed. i think i want people to realise that it is a serious position we are in, we have seen a steady rise in our admissions both into hospital and into intensive care, but we have very detailed escalation plans in place. in stockport, one of ten greater manchester boroughs, life carries on under tier 2 restrictions, at least for the moment, but some believe change is needed. i would like to see those restrictions coming into force and notjust being in place but being enforced, to really try and get to grips with the pandemic and actually trying to get things back under control. but there is frustration, too, with the political deadlock. i wish all people in charge would start pulling in one direction. julia wants the government to spend what is necessary. we can't let people starve, we can't let people not be able to pay their bills.
part of the argument in greater manchester is that tougher measures will have a huge economic impact but will make little difference to an infection rate that is already coming down. the latest covid—19 infection data shows the rate in the city of manchester continues to fall, to a10 cases per 100,000 people. in nottingham, it is 655 while in derry in strabane in northern ireland, it is 939. but in many ways, it is not the infection rate that counts, it's the number who will fall so seriously ill in the next few weeks that they end up in hospital needing intensive care, and that puts enormous pressure on a health service already under stress. here in greater manchester, there are currently around about 250 critical care beds that are available although that number could be increased quite quickly if more beds and staff become available. now, i understand that capacity is currently running at around 85% which is not unusual at this time of year but ministers in london
are warning that spare capacity could be wiped out within three weeks by a surge in covid patients, and senior doctors i have spoken to said that is consistent with modelling they have also seen. intensive care specialists are worried about the impact on patients and a health service that is still catching up on delayed surgery and treatments. i think the added pressure of covid infection is putting a huge strain on the system and i think all nhs staff are extremely worried that we are in for a very bumpy ride over the winter months. the threat remains that tougher measures could yet be imposed by ministers. there is uncertainty over what lies ahead and the two sides seem further apart than ever. and dominic is in salford for us. dominick, an update tonight on the
toing and froing between government and greater manchester local leaders? yes, since we have come in air, the communities secretary robertjenrick has told the bbc u nless robertjenrick has told the bbc unless a deal is reached with leaders from greater manchester by midday tomorrow, those tier 3 restrictions will be imposed by government in london. this comes after a day on which ropes were quite high i think at the start of the day that a deal could be done. —— hopes were high. talks were held and then an offer the greater manchester team thought was on the table was withdrawn. the talks ended a bru ptly table was withdrawn. the talks ended abruptly with no agreement and now there's an announcement by robert jenrick, those tier 3 restrictions will be imposed if no deal by midday tomorrow. the big question is given the very long, loud and vocal opposition of local leaders here in greater manchester, led by the mayor andy burnham, to the extent to which those tier 3 restrictions will be followed by residents, given their local representatives have fought so
ha rd local representatives have fought so hard against them. many thanks, dominic. dominic hughes with the latest in salford. the latest government figures show there were 18,804 new coronavirus infections recorded in the latest 24—hour period. that means the average number of new cases reported per day in the last week, is 17,619 and daily hospital admissions have risen — with 853 people being admitted on average each day over the past week. that number doesn't include scotland. 80 deaths were reported — that's people who died within 28 days of a positive covid—19 test. that means, on average in the past week, 122 deaths were announced every day, which takes the total number of deaths so far across the uk to 113,726. now we have looked at those figures, oui’ now we have looked at those figures, our health editor at hugh pym is with us. some big developments
today, not just the full lockdown with us. some big developments today, notjust the full lockdown in wales but the real state of the virus and the pandemic in that north—west of england region. how should we see things on those fro ntss ? should we see things on those frontss? hospital admissions across the uk are not accelerating. in fa ct, the uk are not accelerating. in fact, the increase last week on average was a bit less than the previous week, though the underlying trend is about the same, going back three orfour weeks. trend is about the same, going back three or four weeks. all eyes on manchester. in some parts of greater manchester, case numbers each day have been falling. today the government at westminster came up with some forecasts. it said based on current trends, by october 28, all three intensive care beds in greater manchester, the area would be used up. going ahead to november the 12th, all the extra surge capacity which could be bound, extra ventilators and beds, would be used up ventilators and beds, would be used up on current trends. this is a projection based on lots of different variables, how people will
behave and how many cases there will behave and how many cases there will be so hard to be certain. all eyes will be on these new lockdowns announced in wales and the republic of ireland and northern ireland before that, to see what impact it has. you go back to march and april when the first big lockdown was announced, it took at least three weeks to have an impact on hospital admissions in numbers and start bringing them down, so it will take time for any of this to take effect. of course, with an economic impact as well, that might affect people's well—being. as well, that might affect people's well-being. many thanks. hugh pym, our health editor with his health analysis. marwa and safa were born in pakistan in 2017. they were conjoined twins, babiesjoined at the head — a very rare condition. they were later flown to london for treatment and after more than 50 hours of surgery and months of hospital care at great 0rmond street, they were finally ready to go home. 0ur medical editor fegus walsh spoke to the family before they left.
twin sisters with a special bond. it is nowjust over a year and a half since safa and marwa were separated. back to safa. that's it. that's good. to marwa. they're still having physical therapy, which they clearly enjoy. but they've been through a lot to get here, and neither has emerged unscathed. the girls were born joined at the head — an extremely rare condition. they'd never seen each other‘s faces. the bbc followed their incredible journey as, over four months, they underwent more than 50 hours of surgery. safa and marwa's skull was one long tube. their brains were misshapen and interconnected. separating them involved a huge team at great 0rmond street hospital with every stage, every stitch planned in minute
detail. all of it was paid for by a private donor. once the twins were finally separated, surgeons created a rounded skull for each of them, using pieces of shared bone. thank you. for their mother zainab, the surgeons are heroes. this, the moment she was told they'd both survived. the road to recovery has been long, and progress slow. nonetheless, zainab was delighted to be taking them home at last. translation: thanks to allah, they have got very good progress, especially marwa. she only needs little bit support for her to take the mobility further, and we will take good care of safa, and hopefully she will start walking as well.
in theatre, the surgeons had to make a near impossible choice. there is something oozing deep down there that i can't see at the moment. only one twin could receive some key blood vessels that nourished both their brains. they were given to marwa, the weaker twin, but as a result safa had a stroke. safa now has permanent damage to her brain, and may never walk. i feel marwa has done really well and carries on making great progress. when i look at the whole family, yes, it was probably the right thing to do for the whole family, but for safa, as an individual, i'm not so sure. it's a decision that i made as a surgeon, it's a decision that we made as a team, and it's, it's a decision we have to live with. and does it still trouble you? yes, very much so. i think it always will. both girls have learning
difficulties, but the family say they have no regrets, and whatever the future holds, marwa and safa will face it together — as sisters and twins, but also separate individuals. fergus walsh, bbc news. at the public inquiry into the manchester arena bombing in 2017, a father who was waiting to collect his children on the night said that he'd noticed a young man "in the process of lying down", with a backpack on the floor next to him. neil hatfield told the inquiry that his immediate thought was that the man was a suicide bomber. and he said he thought the police had been alerted. 0ur north of england correspondent judith moritz reports. bent under the weight of his rucksack, salman abedi arrived at manchester arena intent on murder. he didn't want to be seen and headed to an area not covered by cctv. but he was spotted. neil hatfield was at the arena
to collect his four daughters from the ariana grande concert. i do solemnly, sincerely... today, mr hatfield told the public inquiry that he saw a man with a heavy rucksack lying down on the floor. i thought "suicide bomber", straight away, without. .. very little doubt in my mind. honestly, my heart was racing. he was dressed all in black. he looked like a terrorist. he looked like... how to explain it? like a bond villain, do you know what i mean? hejust had... ijust had this really bad feeling about him and the bag, it was the bag, it was massive and it was solid. i thought it was a bomb, straight away. i don't know why, ijust knew it in my mind. it was so... itjust looked like a bomb. these officers were given commendation awards after the attack. although jessica bullough was newly—qualified, she was the most senior officer at the arena. today, she admitted that she'd taken an unacceptable two hour break, missing the moment
abedi entered the foyer. last week, the inquiry heard evidence from a merchandise officer who said she'd seen abedi before the bomb went off and that she'd pointed him out to pc bullough. but today, the pc said she's confident that conversation didn't happen. when the bomb exploded, the british transport police officers were all at victoria station next door. when they heard the blast, they ran towards it. pc bullough was the first to reach the foyer. the training that i've had wasn't sufficient enough to deal with what i was witnessing. um... voice breaking: sorry. i know you're upset and let me reassure you, i've got one more question after this and then i'll sit down. effectively, did you feel left in the lurch? yes. doing your best but hopelessly ill—trained and prepared for it? yes, correct.
22 adults and children were killed. this week, the public inquiry will continue to hearfrom people who say they saw the bomber responsible for their murders before he carried out his suicide attack. judith moritz, bbc news, manchester. the latest picture of china's strength show the economy grew by 4.9% in the past three months — another sign of how effectively it has brought coronavirus under control. by comparison, the us is struggling, a prominent theme in the presidential campaign, with the widening gap in performance predicted to fuel growing hostility towards beijing. as our china correspondent john sudworth explains, america's troubles are taken as proof in china that something more fundamental is at stake in the us election than just a choice between two candidates. china has conquered
covid its way. normality restored, with barely a murmur of public debate and, of course, not a single vote for or against the leaders who have delivered it. state propaganda drives the message home. with americans voting amid protests and a still uncontrolled pandemic, democracy is presented not as an alternative but a disaster. the virus has widened the growing gulf between the us and china. and christian is one of the casualties. he had his us visa temporarily revoked by a us administration that now sees chinese students as potential spies. "i worry it might happen again," he says, telling me he is now thinking of studying in the uk
instead. who do you want to win the election, trump or biden? of course biden. and you might think this man would agree. despite the initial warmth... my feeling towards you is an incredibly warm one... ..within months of this meeting, relations were in the deep freeze, but it is notjust donald trump who has come to view china's system as a threat. it is this system that now lies at the heart of one of the defining ideological rivalries of our time. china will know that ifjoe biden wins, he may be more effective than his predecessor at building coalitions with like—minded allies against it. the communist party's initial cover—up of the virus, its incarceration of minorities and its tightening grip on hong kong means — trump or biden — the us—china rift is likely to widen. and over
trade, too. the beijing car show — more proof of the success of china's draconian lockdowns and mass virus testing, it is also a demonstration of the country's rising economic power. this chinese car costs £65,000. some analysts believe trump is actually giving china an advantage. trump or biden? well, if you ask me for china's own interest, i will prefer to have trump there rather than biden. seems to me that trump will undermine the us much more than cause trouble to china. in the chaos of the us covid election, china sees the possibility of an unlikely winner — xijinping, and signs of a long anticipated us decline. john sudworth, bbc news, beijing.