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tv   Our World  BBC News  November 1, 2020 3:30am-4:01am GMT

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the british prime minister has confirmed a four—week national lockdown in england to try to halt the rising number of coronavirus cases. from thursday, people will be largely restricted to their homes. schools and universities will stay open but non—essential shops, including bars and restaurants, will close. the us presidential candidates are making a final weekend dash around swing states. donald trump is in pennsylvania and joe biden is in michigan — both states that could be key to winning the white house. rescue teams in turkey are working through the night to pull survivors out of the rubble of buildings, crushed in friday's earthquake. the mayor of izmir confirmed that 38 people had died but more than 100 have been pulled out alive.
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the president of turkey has visited the area. back to our top story: what is the data driving the government's decision to move to a national lockdown? our health correspondent, katharine da costa, has been looking at the statistics. many still exhausted. some still traumatised. nhs staff know what's to come. they are better prepared than in the spring with my ppe treatment and better understanding of the virus. but this time hospitals are trying to keep other services running whilst seeing rising numbers of covid patients. in april they were nearly 20,000 patients with coronavirus in hospital across the uk. we have been arguing clearly quick and decisive, clear lockdowns. two questions. is this coming quick enough and secondly, will people actually follow the rules? this slide
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shows that we are currently around 1000 admissions a date with the projection they had passed the spring peak in the next six weeks without urgent action. the latest estimates show even with the tougher tier three restrictions in parts of england, the epidemic‘s still growing more than 50,000 new infections a day, spreading among all agents —— ages and rising rapidly in the south. an early circuit acre had been recommended that government advisers acknowledge it is a difficult decision. there is no doubt from the point of view, with the spread of covid, the earlier you go in the better. that is better for the spread of the disease but of course people have to take into account other things as well and that is a matter for politicians. the government hopes looking down now will bring the virus under control and wide time to develop mass
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testing, new treatments and ultimately, a vaccine. now on bbc news: has coronavirus changed the way we buy clothes forever, and what about those who are being left behind? bangladesh is one of the world's most incredible economic success stories. at the heart of the country's economic boom is the garment industry. the first factory opened in the 1970s and now it is a $30 billion industry. barton, arcadia groups, tesco, river island... almost everybody has visited in my showroom. there are almost 5,000 garment factories in bangladesh, employing mostly women.
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but could the coronavirus erase decades of progress in a matter of months? you see all this is justjeans. and those made for the uk high street. theyjust keep here like that. how many days i can keep the jeans like that? where i have the space?! factories shut down, leaving thousands of people out of work... chanting. ..and worried about how they will survive. bangladesh is the second largest manufacturer of ready—made garments
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in the world. this industry employs 4 million people in the country. 85% of them are women. the southern port city of chittagong. most of the clothing in these factories is made forfast fashion brands in america and europe. it's all about huge volumes and quick turnaround times. mostafiz uddin is the owner of denim expert. this is pepejeans london.
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he employs 2,000 workers, making jeans for big international brands. when he built the factory 11 years ago, mostafiz focused on creating a safe working environment. he wanted to put bangladesh on the map as a sustainable place to do business. in the past, safety issues were rampant in garment factories. building regulations were disregarded in construction. long working hours in cramped and hazardous factories were common. these unsafe working practices were brought to the world's attention in 2013. the eight—storey rana plaza
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complex collapsed in the capital dhaka. 1,131; people were killed. did you go to rana plaza when it happened? immediately — it was 11.00, 11.30, something like that. i just took my shuttle and i ran away and i went to the rana plaza area and i see the things that are going on, ifeel so much helpless that i had really not things to do, no things to offer. from there, i decided, "0k, that is the time i really "start to how can i do good for people? "how can i change people's perceptions? "how can another rana plaza not happen? " you really can see what i'm doing the last 20 years. if you check through my e—mails the last 20 years, you will see
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every single day i work up through night 3am. he lives with his wife and son in chittagong. i was thinking after. . . many days. ——i am seeing him. he has dozens of clients from all around the world. many come to visit him in his factory showroom. like this from the marshall, us ambassador, from the danish ambassador. clients who buyjeans from him include famous fashion brands. and who's visited your lab? almost every high street retailer you can think of visited over here like, at the moment boohoo, barton, topshop and then arcadia groups, tesco, river island... almost everybody have been
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visited in my showroom over here, and they are all very happy. but things have changed dramatically since the coronavirus pandemic hit. on 9th of march, the first three cases of coronavirus were announced in dhaka. 0n the 26th of march, the government ordered all factories to lock down. millions of workers were sent home, with no idea when they would return to work.
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hosna and her husband both lost their jobs in garment factories. they live on the outskirts of dhaka in the tongi slum. they share one room with their baby, shareen, and aktar‘s mother. his mother also lost herjob in the garment industry when the factories closed. social distancing here is a challenge. 0ne stove is shared amongst 20 families. there are six toilets and one
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communal washing area. the minimum wage for a garment worker in bangladesh is £74 a month. hosna and her family all worked overtime and earned nearly £275 a month between them. one month into the lockdown, hosna was called back into work. but on the 3rd ofjune, she was laid off and given just 5,000 taka, around
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£45, in compensation. in chittagong, 17 days into the pandemic, mostafiz had to close his factory. he was receiving e—mails from buyers cancelling their orders. many of the jeans had already been made and were ready to be dispatched. some had already been shipped. but some customers were saying
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they were no longer responsible for the payment of their order or were putting payment off indefinitely. when the pandemic hit, around $3 billion of orders were cancelled in bangladesh's garment industry. you see all this is justjeans. and those were all made for the high street. theyjust keep here like that. how many days i can keep the jeans like that? where i have this space? you can see by yourself there is no space. everywhere, everywhere, everywhere you can see. there is no space and it is not also safe for the working condition! mostafiz pays for all materials to make the jeans upfront. he borrows money from the bank for the denim and his workers' wages.
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he generally receives payment on delivery of the goods, not in advance. you can see all of these fabrics are from pakistan, china, india, turkey. and all these fabrics we bought from our manufacturing partners, oursuppliers, and they trusted us, they have produced these fabrics when we say to them to do itjust like as we trusted to our buyers and all these people. the same thing, our high street suppliers also trusted us and then we produce and then we ship. now, if you just look into all these fabrics, these are all $1, these are all here around $5—6 million of fabrics in this warehouse, and all the fabric, we borrowed the money from the bank and we purchase this
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because we trusted our clients and told them we would finish them. but they simply cancelled them. as i say, they don't want them. one of the companies that cancelled a large order was uk high street retailer peacocks. in total, they peacocks cancelled a contract for 113,600 pairs ofjeans, worth over £162,000. in an e—mail to mostafiz, the company said it was cancelling payments for all stock already made, and stock that had already shipped to its warehouse. 15,100 pairs had already been made and were ready to ship. another 111,500 jeans had had the material bought for them. we tried to contact them to ask why they haven't paid for their orders, but have received no reply. its parent company, edinburgh woollen mill, has recently filed for administration, putting up to 211,000 jobs
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at risk in the uk. we work on trust and faith and belief. our business is like that. everybody in this industry works like that. what we were supposed be producing in march, we had not ordered in february, we ordered that in december. and then the vessel ships from different parts of the world — china, turkey, all of these places. so when the pandemic starts and everything shuts down, even that time, the content starts to come and then it starts to pile up. mostafiz is paying $2,000 a day to keep fabrics he has already ordered but can't store in his factory at the port. containers after containers starts to come in because we ordered the fabrics and raw materials two 01’ three months before. i am not understanding what to do with the responsibility of 2,000 people. my priority is feeding
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the families, feeding the workers, not the priority to clear the goods for the port. it is not the priority at that time. it is not the buyer who did that commit millions of dollars of goods stuck on the port. but how can i save my worker? how can i keep them alive? in dhaka, with no income, hosna took on the onlyjob she could find — chopping nuts for a local shop. this earns herjust £1 a day. her husband has not found work, so looks after their daughter.
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his mother helena is now the family's main breadwinner, working four jobs a day cleaning houses. in april, thousands of workers joined protests outside factories, demanding to be paid. but they were unsuccessful.
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mostafiz received some support from the government in the form of low interest loans to help cover salaries. it was not enough to cover all his costs. he took drastic action to keep paying his workers. i sold my property — all the property. even the house where you are sitting now, that house was sold. this one also. this is my only house. last month...
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..she sold all her jewelleries and gold. and keep on paying to the people. so, we are poor, actually. for a fortnight, he did not sleep. he was under so much pressure, how we can do this. he did not sleep. after 3—4 days, he asked me — i felt a pain in my chest. at times, things were very difficult. this is the street this is where i used to say hi to everybody. i would stand here and thought about just jump from here. suicide. that's what i used to think. i mean, people will think i am a coward.
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mostafiz‘s factory reopened after one month.
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six months on, some buyers have now agreed to pay for orders they'd cancelled. many are still insisting on a discounted rate. mostafiz has taken on deep debts. i am suffering, i am a part of the suffering, but it is not that i am the only person suffering. we are suffering, the group of manufacturers are suffering because it is not happen only in bangladesh. the situation, what has happened with me, maybe i am one person or i am one single
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country, but it is the same in all the production countries. if you go to india, pakistan or other countries, they also have the same situation as an industry and as a community, we should make some kind of safety net where our workers are safe and secure. they should not have suffered the way how they suffered during the pandemic times. for decades, the fast fashion industry has relied on cheap labour from countries like bangladesh. and for the millions of people like hosna, work in garment factories has provided a better standard of living.
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imports of clothing to america were down 49% from april tojune, and in the eu, they were down by 45%. recent studies showed for every ten workers laid off in bangladesh during the pandemic, only one has returned to work.
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hello. storm aiden brought torrential
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rain and gales to a large swathe of the uk on saturday. those strong winds really whipping up the waves, particularly across southern and western coasts. but as the rain eased and the skies cleared, it's been an opportunity through the night for many to see the blue moon — a second full moon this month — but it's only a brief respite from the rain. there's more to come overnight and into sunday. still a number of met office warnings in place for both the rain and the wind, and all the details are on our website. so this is how sunday shapes up. this is the area of low pressure responsible for storm aiden, now pulling away northwards. a second area of low pressure to the north—west of the uk, and notice how the isobars are tightly packed together, so it's another windy day. and we start the day for many very wet as well. that rain will clear away eastwards and behind it, some spells of sunshine, although also some showers piling in from the west. and then another band of more persistent rain arriving into northern ireland, southern scotland, northern england, the midlands and wales, maybe south—west england later in the day, some heavy and persistent rain and also across the western side of scotland. temperatures in a range from ten to 17 celsius. it may not always feel
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that way, given the wind and the rain. and those winds still very much a feature, particularly across western scotland, where they could still exceed 70 miles an hour in terms of gusts. and that rain keeps on falling through parts of northern england, wales and the midlands as we go through sunday night and into monday, also pushing into parts of south—west england as well, slowly starting to ease. and we start the new week very mild indeed — overnight temperatures not that much different from what we will see in the daytime. so this is where we are on monday. that frontal system starting to pull away but still showers or longer spells of rain pushing in from the west and still another windy day, so it's quite a messy picture to start the new week. if you like the weekend weather, it'sjust lingering into the new week. some places may manage to stay dry but those showers never too far away. and temperatures again in a range from 10 to 17 celsius, so we are still fairly mild, but not for much longer. the winds definitely are still a feature, still quite gusty but gradually easing down, and that process will continue as we go through tuesday and into wednesday because, finally, we start to see an area of high pressure starting to build across
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the atlantic and heading our way, so that will start to settle things down. the winds will become lighter, it will generally become drier but with that, it will also turn colder, both by day and by night.
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this is bbc news — welcome if you're watching here in the uk or around the globe. i'm james reynolds. our top stories: borisjohnson announces a four week national lockdown in england — he says "no responsible prime minister" could ignore the surging rates of coronavirus infection. the virus is doubling faster than we can conceivably add capacity, and so now is the time to take action, because there is no alternative. as the last weekend of campaigning hots up — both trump and biden make a last bid to voters in swing states — that could be key to winning the white house. bond, james bond. the film world pays tribute to sir sean connery,


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