tv BBC News at Ten BBC News November 26, 2020 10:00pm-10:31pm GMT
tonight at ten — the vast majority of people in england will still be living with tough restrictions after lockdown ends next week. in tier three, the highest level, most of the affected areas will be in the north of england and in the midlands. the prime minister says he knows the restrictions will cause "a lot of heartache and frustration", especially in the hospitality industry. if we ease off now, we risk losing control of this virus all over again, casting aside our hard—won gains and forcing us back
into a new year national lockdown. most people will find themselves in tier two, where hospitality venues will be closed unless they serve a "substa ntial meal". right now, for hospitality, all the tiers are a version of waterboarding for our industry. we're allowed out for a brief gasp of fiscal oxygen, and we're slammed back down. and people are warned by the chief medical officer not to hug or kiss their grandparents at christmas, to protect the most vulnerable. also tonight... regular testing in scotland's care homes should have happened much earlier — an admission from the first minister on her handling of the pandemic. the death of a premature baby in hampshire in 2001 led to a "20—year cover—up" by health workers and authorities, according to an official inquiry. and in argentina, many thousands of fans turn out to pay their respects to the great maradona.
and coming up in sport on bbc news — napoli players all wear maradona's number ten shirt ahead of their europa league clash, in a tribute to the club legend who died on wednesday. good evening. when the current lockdown in england ends next week, the vast majority of people will find themselves in tier two, which means that mixing between households will be banned indoors, and hospitality venues will be closed unless they serve a "substa ntial meal". the prime minister said england was facing a "hard winter", and he realised the restrictions would cause "a lot of heartache and frustration", especially for the hospitality industry. some of mrjohnson‘s own mps have expressed their anger and disappointment at the news. so, many cities in the north and the midlands, including manchester, hull, newcastle
and birmingham, as well as bristol in the west and the county of kent in the south—east, will go into tier three, the highest category. most places are in the second highest level, tier two, including london and the liverpool city region. only the isle of wight, cornwall and the isles of scilly will be in tier one, with the lightest restrictions. and the rules for what's allowed within each tier have changed. we'll bring you the detail in a moment. first, our political editor laura kuenssberg reports. december will be month four for people in west bromwich, hunkered down, banned from seeing friends and family they don't live with, apart from work or school. covid cases are still high and the market's quietening down. sarah is worried about hanging on. i'm struggling to find the money to pay for my pitch. tier three isn't going to work for us. we need to drop right back down.
michail lost his job last year and now there are fewer people out and about to hear him sing. i can't guarantee getting money every day when i do come out, but it'sjust come at such a time where as i said, it hasjust thrown me, because i couldn't have prepared for this. the prime minister might be out of his isolation now, but the country's a long way from escaping restrictions. if we ease off now, we risk losing control of this virus all over again, casting aside our hard—won gains, and forcing us back into a new year national lockdown, with all the damage that would mean. as we emerge next wednesday, only a tiny proportion of us will go into looser limits under tier one. nearly 60% of england will be under tier two rules, where pubs, shops and restaurants can be open, and some limited socialising will be allowed, but nearly 40% of people, mainly in the north of england, will be under stricter rules, tier three, where pubs
and restaurants have to shut, apart from takeaway, and you're not meant to leave your local area. remember, the rules are different in scotland, northern ireland and wales. it's a complicated patchwork and the lines are hard to draw. even inside individual areas there's strife over whether it's fair. by the peace of the canal in berkhampstead, cases are low, but it will be in tier two, anyway, because in other parts of hertfordshire the disease is on the rise. gary's sort of grinning and bearing it. would have much preferred tier one, because as you say there is so little covid, but if they think it warrants tier two, we just have to go along with the rules. robert was on furlough, but is now back at work, although has some time for his boat. once the numbers go down, we can start socialising, but until then everyone will have to basically suck it up. what was the point of the national lockdown in england over the last four weeks if more people are moving into tougher restrictions than before?
this is not continuing the lockdown. on the contrary, across all tiers, shops will be open, but what we want to avoid is relaxing now too much, you know, taking our foot off the throat of the beast now. and if you do get together with elderly relatives, the government scientists suggest if you want them to survive don't get close. would i encourage someone to hug and kiss their elderly relatives? no, i would not, because you could be carrying the virus and if you've got an elderly relative that would not be the thing you would want to do. there are doubts about the new system, and a tricky start, after the website with the information crashed at first. we also need to be convinced that the government actually have a plan to get places out of these higher tiers, because at the moment there's just some warm words and not a lot of detail. and some tory backbenchers are angry that their big areas have been treated all the same. i think the government's made the wrong call. we have the information that tells you there are different rates of infection. we know how people move around
and the tiers should have reflected that. the lines on the map will all be reviewed in the middle of december. depending how we respond, depending how the disease responds, the way we're asked to behave in town and country may change again before too long. i think it's fair to say that the government wouldn't be doing this if they felt they had any choice, but downing street is also well aware there will be disappointment, frustration and even some scepticism among some people watching tonight, and also even on the tory backbenches. mps do have to vote to approve all of this next week and it might bea approve all of this next week and it might be a bit bumpy for the government, but the view from number ten today was also crystal clear. that if this kind of action isn't taken now and if most people don't actually follow these rules then there is still the prospect of a much more dramatic shutdown for eve ryo ne much more dramatic shutdown for everyone everywhere on the other side of christmas.
laura kuenssberg with the latest at westminster. so, england returns to the three—tier system next wednesday, but what people can and can't do within the tiers has changed. hairdressers, gyms and all shops can open regardless of the tier throughout england, but everyone who can work from home is being told to do so. in tier one, households will be allowed to mix, although the rule of six should be followed indoors and outdoors. in tier two, households will not be allowed to mix indoors and alcohol can only be served as part of a substantial meal. but in tier three, pubs and restaurants will remain closed except for takeaways, and households will only be allowed to mix in some outdoor public spaces, not in private gardens or hospitality venues. the government will review the restrictions in england every 14 days, with the first review on 16 december. our north of england correspondent danny savage reports from yorkshire. this, it turns out,
was aspirational thinking in hull. there was an infection rate of 776 per 100,000 people a couple of weeks ago. no surprise here, then, that they're going into the new tier three. during the first lockdown, the only people that i knew were a friend of a friend's auntie who had it, really, in this area, but more so, i've got children at school, and they've got friends that have contracted it, friends‘ parents that have contracted it. people here say not enough locals have stuck to the rules, while some are sticklers for them. it's absolutely rife. my husband's been self—isolating since well before. he's on the extreme list, so we have to be everything careful. and you're happy for that to go on for some months? i'm happy, because if it can save lives, then yeah. those living on this side of the humber were expecting tier three, but over there in lincolnshire, the whole county is also going into the highest tier. that is a very large rural area, where even the conservative leader of the county council can't
understand government thinking. huge areas of lincolnshire actually have lower rates than the national average, so it does seem very perverse to put the whole area into tier three, and obviously that will mean businesses and families and individuals will be suffering far more restrictions than is really necessary. 70 miles away, harrogate has moved from tier one pre—lockdown to tier two, where one new concession is that up to 2,000 much—missed spectators are allowed at sports events. the crowd is coming along to see the goals and the trophies. it's like the horse and carriage, they have to go together. next wednesday, all the shops can open again too. it's not fair, marks & spencer's in harrogate is open, and i can't sell, you know, my clothes, so very, very important, and i can't wait for wednesday. and in the highest tiers, there's many more weeks of sitting outside in the cold if you want to catch
up with a friend. danny savage, bbc news. according to the body that represents the hospitality industry in england, some £8 billion worth of trading could be lost if the tier restrictions stay in place for all of december. some of the industry's leading figures have written to borisjohnson, warning of significantjob losses. tonight the prime minister said he understood the "heartache" caused, but the plans were necessary. our business editor simon jack reports from nottingham. it's hard to organise anything in a brewery right now. if you can't sell it, there's no point making it. we've got empty vessels and not much happening at all today, i'm afraid. last week, colin wilde poured £90,000 worth of beer down the drain. his brewery customers and the 20 pubs the brewery runs itself are all in tier three — the worst possible news. well, it means revenue here will be next to nothing for us. we still have our rents to pay. the support that we've had
is inadequate to cover those so it will mean we lose more money. well, there's a lot of anxiety. we've got the virus to deal with, first and foremost, so people are a bit worried about that, and then also worried for theirjobs into the long term because they see the business is really struggling. five minutes down the road, hotel manager steve cook is having to screen the few customers who aren't calling to cancel. ijust need to check with the new tier restrictions that it is for work or essential travel. tier three for our business means that we can't reopen our pub, we can't reopen our bar and we can't welcome the families and the couples and all the leisure stays that were going tojoin us for the christmas period. december is a vital month, especially for our food and beverage. we take 20% of our revenue in that one month. that's not happening now. normally this place would be thronging to festive sounds. the office party season is getting into full swing, but as you can see, emerging from lockdown into tier three, like here in nottingham, is nothing to celebrate.
even in tier two, most hospitality businesses say they would be unviable or trading at a loss, and with well over 90% of businesses in either tiers two or three, it's clear that hospitality is looking at a very bleak winter. all the tiers are a version of waterboarding for our industry. we're allowed out for a brief gasp of fiscal oxygen and we're slammed back down. this is, pure and simple, business torture. martin greenhow has bars in nottingham, leeds, liverpool and harrogate, in both tiers two and three. we're going to see hundreds of thousands ofjobs lost on top of the ones that have already gone, potentially into the millions. there are going to be tens of thousands of operations and businesses that will close for good. despair, anger and fear haunt the hospitality industry — merry christmas 2020. simonjack, bbc news, nottingham. so, as some business leaders and politicians question the extent of the restrictions,
insisting they're out of proportion, there's renewed interest in the way the decisions were made on which areas would go into which tier. much of the reasoning is based on public health data, as our health editor hugh pym explains. inevitably, in some areas, questions are being asked and complaints made about the tier they've been put into. kent, for example, has been put into tier three, even though some parts of the county have low infection rates, while others, swale and thanet, have some of the highest in the uk. so what are the government criteria for working out who goes in what tier? first, total cases, then case rates among the over—60s, the rate at which they are rising orfalling, the number of positive cases relative to total tests, and finally, pressure on the local nhs. in cornwall, cases are stable or declining, and it's in tier one, though local reaction seems mixed. it's brilliant.
i was over the moon. obviously, now we can get back to a bit of normality. i'm worried that people from up the country in tier three will come down to their second homes and bring it down. but across the river tamar, devon has been put in tier two, that's partly because of rising hospital numbers. devon, for example, is in tier and not tier 1, this nightingale hospital in exeter, which has been standing ready sincejuly, has started taking covid patients. so what's the data looking like more broadly across the uk? the latest survey by the office for national statistics, covering household infections last week, showed that in england, one in 85 people have the virus. the ons said there had been some levelling off. in wales, it was one in 185. in northern ireland, one in 145. in both, said the ons, there had been a fall in the rate of those testing positive. in scotland, it was one in 115.
the ons said there had been an increase in the rate. the survey suggests there are regional variations in england, with some areas still seeing rising cases. until very recently, cases were still rising in the south, particularly, so in london and the south—east, and that is actually even more worrying, because we really need to understand why lockdown hasn't worked, in terms of reversing case increases in some areas. officials hope that more extensive community testing will keep track of the virus. in liverpool it's help cut infections by more than two thirds which has prompted a move down from tier 3 into tier 2. hugh pym, bbc news. if you want to read more about the new tier system being introduced next wednesday, you can go online to bbc. co. uk/news/coronavirus.
the latest government figures show there were 17,555 new coronavirus infections recorded in the latest 24—hour period. that means the average number of new cases reported per day in the last week is now 17,329. there were 1,636 people admitted to hospital on average each day over the week to last friday. and 498 deaths were reported — that's people who died within 28 days of a positive covid—19 test. that means on average in the past week, a65 deaths were announced every day. it takes the total number of deaths so far across the uk to 57,031. let's take a look at some of today's other news. the chief scientific adviser sir patrick vallance has said that the headline results on the oxford astrazenica vaccine are that it works. and he added that it was for the regulator to make
an assessment on the data before the vaccine could become available. it comes after reports in the us and the uk raising questions over the protection it could offer. christmas so called "bubbles" of three households in scotland should contain no more than 8 people over the age of 11, according to the scottish government. the rule is part of the government's guidance for christmas which temporarily relaxes some covid—19 restrictions for five days. from midnight tonight, northern ireland will begin a new coronavirus "circuit—breaker" lasting for two weeks. many businesses, including non—essential retailers, are set to close. the devolved administration says the restrictions are crucial to enable people to have the safest christmas possible. the day after the chancellor rishi sunak unveiled his spending review, there's been a sharp focus on the small print. the institute for fiscal studies says the impact of the public sector pay freeze, and council tax rises, could effect more people than expected. our economics editor
faisal islam is here. what faisal islam is here. have we learned? on the part public what have we learned? on the partial public sector pay freeze, the iss point out when you take inflation into account, that the £250 rise focused on the lower paid in fact, those earning above £18,000 will have an effective real terms pay cut -- ifs. have an effective real terms pay cut —— ifs. there is also an effect on the pay rise for teachers, as well, they had been promised a different starting salary in 2022 but that will be delayed by a year, and on the council tax, councils have been allowed to raise council tax by 5% but the ifs assume because of social ca re costs but the ifs assume because of social care costs that will mostly be taken up care costs that will mostly be taken up and be an effective £70 rise in council tax in the spring on average for households. on the issue of brexit, the prime minister promised
evenif brexit, the prime minister promised even if we left the eu without a deal the uk would prosper mightily, and in the official forecast statistics from the obr, they point out that sterling would likely fall and inflation would rise a little bit, and that unemployment could go over 8% and that there would be about £6 billion more in borrowing because the economy would be noticeably smaller, on the backdrop of the eu negotiations. we are not sure if he is going to return to london to finish off talks in the next few days. thanks forjoining us. the death of a premature baby in hampshire in 2001 led to a "20—year cover—up" by health workers and authorities, according to an official inquiry. the government, which ordered the inquiry three years ago, said mistakes in the care of elizabeth dixon were "shocking and harrowing". our correspondent michael buchanan has the story, which includes some distressing details.
she was beautiful, she was absolutely perfect. she was a gift from god. by the time these videos were taken, elizabeth dixon had already been failed by the nhs. within months, she would suffocate to death, and a cover—up would be under way. a lot of these people who have behaved so shockingly over the years, they have children of their own, and i can't understand why anyone would want to lie to another parent about what happened to their child. elizabeth was born at this hospital in surrey in december 2000. but staff didn't spot her high blood pressure, an error which left the infant with brain damage and needing a tube to breathe. just days before her first birthday, elizabeth died at home, when a nurse caring for her failed to notice the tube was blocked. despite this, she was said to have died of natural causes, and no investigation was ordered. what has happened to us over the years would have been completely avoided if people had been truthful
from the start. if the nurse had told us what had happened, if the doctors and coroners had ordered the correct investigations, then we wouldn't have had this situation for the last 20 years. today's hard—hitting report shames all the agencies involved in elizabeth dixon's short life. there were failures of care by every organisation that looked after her that were never fully investigated. instead, a cover—up began on the day that she died, and most troubling, there is clear evidence that some individuals have been persistently dishonest. i think we need to have a health service and public services that uniformly own up when things have gone wrong, they're honest and open with people right from the start, they investigate and they learn. hampshire constabulary rejected criticism in the report that their investigation into the death was poor. the police watchdog has been asked to look into it.
graeme and anne dixon won't rest until lessons have been fully learned from elizabeth's death. only then, decades later, will they properly grieve. i will always love elizabeth. she's always in my heart, and once all this is over, and we hope to see change, i will take elizabeth back into my memory. i will claim my daughter from what we've had to go through. she's been sullied by the lies and the cover—up, and i would like her back. anne dixon there, ending that report with michael buchanan. in scotland the first minister nicola sturgeon has said there are decisions she deeply regrets in the response to the pandemic. she pointed in particular to the delay in introducing regular testing in care homes in scotland. in an interview with the bbc, the first minister was also asked about her intentions regarding another referendum on independence. she spoke to our scotland editor sarah smith. thanks forjoining us again today.
almost every day, nicola sturgeon appears on tv, answering questions about coronavirus. maybe that's why polls suggest voters trust her handling of the pandemic more than boris johnson's. but she admits she's made mistakes, and there are lessons to learn. at the outset of the pandemic, we were all maybe thinking a bit too much in terms of this being a flu—type pandemic, and not so much as a sort of coronavirus—sars—type pandemic, and possibly from that, in the initial stages, flowed some decisions that, were we able to turn the clock back, we might have taken differently. some of the other things i deeply regret, and critics will say they're mistakes, i would say it was, you know, an underdeveloped knowledge about the virus, are some of the issues around care homes, and the length of time to introduce regular testing in care homes. we're not at the beginning of this crisis. when you do look internationally, across europe, for instance, scotland has actually been one of the hardest—hit countries in europe. only england and spain have fared
worse in terms of excess deaths. i can't answer that question categorically right now, because i don't think we yet have had the opportunity to do the rigorous lookback, and come to those conclusions. i think it's really important that we do. the snp will go into scottish elections next year promising another independence referendum, but the prime minister has already said he will refuse to allow it. there's very important elections to the scottish parliament next year. the snp will go into that saying you're committed to having another referendum on independence, but we already know if you win those elections and ask for that, the westminster government will say, "now is not the time". they've told us that already. so, how can you convince voters that this isn't a hollow promise to have another independence vote? if people in scotland vote for a referendum, there will be a referendum. i mean, we see even right now across the atlantic, even trump is now having to concede the outcome of a fair, free and democratic election, and, you know, the same has to happen, and that principle has to be defended.
if the snp do win next year's election, demands for another independence referendum will grow, and a tough battle with westminster may ensue. sarah smith, bbc news, edinburgh. there have been chaotic scenes in argentina, as tens of thousands of football fans paid their final respects to diego maradona. police were unable to contain the vast numbers who'd come to see his coffin on display in buenos aires. maradona, who for many was the greatest footballer in the history of the game, died of a heart attack yesterday at the age of 60. katy watson reports. the tears didn't stop. all day mourners filed through the doors of the presidential palace. vice president cristina fernandez de kirchner lingering at his coffin to pay her respects. it's been a hero's farewell for maradona. lying in state is an honour afforded to few in argentina. a mark ofjust how loved he was here. argentinians waited patiently for hours. breaking into song to keep
the spirits up and to remember the good times. translation: football has died. so we have to remember him in the best way. he was one of the best. that goal with the english, we'll never forget that. this crowd here can't be explained just by argentinians' love of football. yes, it's important, but it's much more than that. the people who have come here today saw maradona as a national icon, a man who represented them and did them proud, and it's a legacy that spans generations. as mourners left the palace, for some it was too much to process. it's the only one who actually made all the country proud, no matter what political orientation you have, religious... he came from nowhere and he put our country in the world. in a country hard hit by coronavirus, otherwise strict rules were being ignored for
argentina's footballing superstar. but as the day went on and the summer temperatures rose, emotions also ran high. hundreds of fans broke down the barriers and riot police responded. authorities had to stop public viewing of the coffin to keep the peace. diego maradona was argentina's wild child, loved despite his flaws, celebrated beyond measure. as his family prepares to bury him, argentina doesn't want to forget. katy watson, bbc news, in buenos aires. more than 40,000 civilians are now gathered on the border between ethiopia and sudan following fighting between the ethiopian army and regionalforces in the northern region of tigray. government troops on the ethiopian side of the border have been seen stopping people trying to find refuge in sudan. from the border, our senior africa correspondent anne soy reports.
a new day away from home but for these refugees it's a big relief to have made it to sudan. thousands crossed this river on the border but things have now changed. ethiopian troops are discouraging people people from fleeing the country, we were told. our requests for comment from the authorities went unanswered. but at this camp a farm and his 11—year—old daughter are luckily reunited. translation: i was with my grandmother when i started hearing gunshots. when they intensified i asked her to flee with me but she said no, she was too old to run, so i fled alone. i had to spend a night in the bush. i was frightened. i had no extra clothes and no money but i was able to cross the border and then i asked someone to call my father. for the older people here, this brings back bad memories of past conflicts.
this man is 75 and he wants a resolution to the current conflict but thinks it won't be easy. translation: they will not agree on anything unless the world intervenes. now, there is war and death. things cannot be solved that easily. these people hope this situation is temporary. they want to go back home and continue with their lives. the federal government promised a short offensive but there are fears the conflict could persist and potentially destabilise the whole of africa region. girl sings this is a song for peace. it encapsulates the hopes of many here. they have lost touch with those they left behind. their lives are in limbo as ethiopian‘s current and former rulers fight. anne soy, bbc news.