good morning, welcome to breakfast with dan walker and mega munchetty. our headlines today. england's new three—tier covid restrictions come into force as the second national lockdown comes to an end. the measures are voted through by parliament but 55 conservative mps rebel against the prime minister. that means nonessential retail will reopen in england. they are poised to shop around the clock at prime arc. but debenhams days are numbered. a tale of two halves for those out shopping. people with relatives in care homes
will be allowed to see them indoors from today but they must have a negative test and take the necessary precautions. fans are back, but in limited numbers at only some grounds. i'm at charlton athletic on the day that spectators make their much—awaited return to english football. time for the next door on your advent calendar. but instead of a piece of chocolate, we meet the people taking the idea a few steps further this year. good morning. for some parts of the southeast it is a cold and frosty start through the day. for most, a band of cloud me rain moving south. colder air filters band of cloud me rain moving south. colder airfilters in band of cloud me rain moving south. colder air filters in with a lot of showers. increasingly wintry on the hills. details in ten minutes. good morning. it's wednesday, december 2nd. our top story. england has returned to a tiered system of coronavirus restrictions, after the national lockdown ended at midnight. more than 55 million people are living in the strictest two tiers, where mixing with other households indoors is banned.
the measures were voted in yesterday, despite the prime minister suffering the biggest rebellion by his own mps since coming into office. jonathan blake reports. with the end of a national lockdown in england comes a new three tier system of restrictions to get used to. from this morning, 99% of the population is under the higher two levels of controls for at least the next two weeks. here's how the new system of restrictions will work. shops, gyms and hairdressers will be allowed to reopen across the country. in tier i, the lower level of restrictions, groups of up to six people will be able to meet indoors or outdoors. pubs and restaurants can reopen, with last orders at ten o'clock and closing at 11pm. in tier 2, groups of up to six people will still be able to meet outdoors but not indoors unless in a support bubble. pubs can only reopen if they are operating
as a restaurant, and alcohol can only be served with a substantial meal. and in the highest level of restrictions, pubs and restaurant will be forced to provide takeaway only, and there will be no mixing of households except up to six people in public outdoor spaces like parks. so the ayes have it, the ayes have it. last night, mps approved the plans, but not without a struggle. 55 conservatives voted against the government, the biggest backbench rebellion of borisjohnson‘s time as prime minister. it's passed with a majority of well over 200, it's a very important set this of regulations to help the uk bridge into the spring when we hope a vaccine will move us into a whole different place. and the reason that these regulations mattered is it allows us to move to a tiered approach which, backed up by mass community testing, will help us keep control of the virus and avoid another lockdown. while the new tiers are stricter in some ways, there's plenty you can
now do wherever you live in england that might make it feel like a return to something like life as normal. in another major change, people will be able to visit relatives in care homes. new guidance states that contact will be allowed in all three tiers if those visiting have tested negative for the virus. questions continue about the impact of restrictions, though. the labour leader sir keir starmer has challenged the government to publish more details of the economic impact of control measures as many businesses face uncertain weeks and months ahead. jonathan blake, bbc news. non—essential shops in all tiers will reopen this morning, with many retailers extending their opening hours in an attempt to recover lost revenue. but there are concerns that a christmas shopping rush may draw large crowds to city centres and make social distancing difficult. phil mackie is in birmingham this morning.
good morning. i know that shut behind you is one that will be opening earlier than perhaps we may have been used to? yeah, an hour earlier. it will open at seven instead of eight. this is notjust for queues of people who might be coming for the opening, it is really to manage the number of people in the story. this is the largest pro mike in europe, one of the few bright spots of the retail landscape still in birmingham. in between lockdowns this was very busy. they have to watch how many people come in and out. although infection rates are falling across the west midlands, they are still very high. hospital admissions are still very high. they don't want lots of people to think lockdown is over and forget to think lockdown is over and forget to wash their hands and social distance. debenhams is not too far away from here. that is one of the dark spots on the retail landscape in birmingham. in fact overnight of the website of christ with people trying to get on to see what bargains might be available before
it has to close in the new year. birmingham has been a bit like a ghost town throughout this year because so few people are coming into the city centre, and all of the bigger venues are closed as well. that means fewer people are coming in and staying in hotels. it has really suffered. it is interesting because there is quite a difference if you go out into the suburbs, which tend to be busy. people there shopping locally. and in some of the smaller towns and cities outside birmingham, they are doing 0k. smaller towns and cities outside birmingham, they are doing ok. but big cities like these are really suffering, which is why this next period leading up to christmas is absolutely vital for retailers here. absolutely. phil maggie in birmingham. nina is in manchester. we will be getting a bigger picture. and we'll be speaking to the health secretary matt hancock at 7.30 this morning. "0ur planet is broken" — that's the warning the secretary general of the united nations will give today, when he outlines that tackling global warming is now
the central objective of the un. in a special bbc broadcast, antonio guterres also says there is no vaccine for the planet. here's our chief environment correspondent, justin rowlatt. 2020 has been a year of dramatic weather extremes. greenhouse gas concentrations are still rising in the atmosphere, despite the covid—i9 lockdowns, says the head of the united nations. in a speech to be broadcast later today exclusively on bbc news, un secretary—general antonio guterres, will say there is no vaccine for the planet. biodiversity is collapsing, deserts are spreading, oceans are choking with plastic waste, and apocalyptic fires and floods, cyclones and hurricanes are the new normal. terrible wildfires raged across
australia, burning vast areas. and there were huge wildfires in california, and even arctic siberia. the un secretary—general says the world now faces a moment of truth. every country, city, financial institution and company should adopt plans for transition to zero emissions by 2050. and take decisive action now to put themselves on the right path. it is five years since the world came together in paris to agree, for the first time, that every nation needs to play a part in tackling climate change. some progress has been made, but not enough, according to the un secretary—general. mr guterres will say economic pressure should be used to help curb emissions. it is time that those who pollute the atmosphere with greenhouse gases pay a price for that pollution,
he will say. he will urge countries to end all subsidies for fossil fuels, and will say that taxes should move from income to carbon. this it is a bold agenda, putting tackling climate this it is a bold agenda, putting tackling climate change at the very heart of the united nations' role. but the science is clear. the secretary general will say unless the world reduces emissions, we face disaster. justin rowlatt, bbc news. and you can watch the state of the planet in full on the bbc news channel tonight at 8.30pm. i'm sure everyone is interested in that. that is scary, isn't it? yeah. it isa that. that is scary, isn't it? yeah. it is a subject we have covered a lot and we will continue to. the us attorney general says his department has not found any proof to back up president trump's claims of widespread voter fraud in the presidential election the comments made by william barr,
a close ally of mr trump, have been dismissed by the president's legal team. mr trump and his campaign filed lawsuits in states that he lost, as they begin certifying joe biden as the winner. rescue teams searching for a british woman who went missing while hiking in the pyrenees, are looking at "other options beyond a mountain accident", her partner has said. esther
dingley last messaged dan colegate via whatsapp on november 22nd. mr colegate said after extensive searches, the "prevailing opinion" is she is not in the mountains. we will be talking to dan at about 8:30am. china has successfully landed a probe on the moon, in an ambitious attempt to bring back the first lunar samples in four decades. chang'e—5‘s goal is to collect lunar rocks and soil to help scientists learn about the moon's origins, formation and volcanic activity. beijing has poured billions into its military—run space programme, with hopes of having a crewed space station by 2022.
you could have heard that two ways. as in crude. are you good at photography? i do like a bit of photography. i wouldn't say i am good at it. what is the best photo you have taken of wildlife, even the dog or the cat? i'm not bad at
dog picture. i did get a kingfisher once in flight. beautiful. are you proud of it? no. ijust thought, that's a nice picture, and moved on. pictures of my cats, they are useless at posing. the natural history museum is asking for your help injudging its 56th wildlife photographer of the year award. and we thought that was a good excuse to show you some of the shortlisted images. you can only see one red squirrel
snuggled inside this nesting box in scotland, but there are actually two of them in there. the photographer neil anderson fitted the box with a remote camera and a dimmable light. i cannot see number two. see the tip of the nose of the squirrel on top? if you log in between its nose and its little forearm, there is a head and the other one's head is kind of sideways. i have just and the other one's head is kind of sideways. i havejust lent over to the monitor on the desk. it is there. you have to look closely. this one is called hare ball, and you can see why. the photographer andy parkinson spent five weeks in the scottish highlands waiting to capture a perfect moment with the mountain hares. ijust i just love the way the ice has cracked along its forehead. that's an incredible photograph. i would have framed that if i'd taken that. and here's a much closer relationship between human and animal. this one shows a wildlife rescue worker caring for three bats —
known as grey—headed flying foxes — who had been orphaned in australia. the squirrel and the hair remind me of something. the heating went off in the office last night. so the whole team was really cold. the hair reminds me of the overnight team last night, desperately trying to get the programme out. you can vote for your favourite image on the natural history museum website. a bat landed on my head once in chester zoo. i was perturbed. have you heard of the story about mike and the bat in cycling? in the 80s he was cycling. i don't think the bat died. he was cycling along and he has got sunglasses on. he told us the story. i was in fits. a bat ended up between the sunglasses and his face and was flapping in his face! it only happens to mike! he is a unique individual. the team was
really struggling overnight because the heating went out. it is back. but it is cold. good morning. good morning. it is cold and it will get colder through the week. notjust colder, there is some rain in the forecast and also some snow. the snow not just forecast and also some snow. the snow notjust in the hills but primarily it will be. this morning there is a cold start in the south east with some frost. early brightness before the weather front coming south and east winds its cloud and rain with it. behind it, for northern ireland, northern england and scotland, the temperature will drop. sunshine and showers. strong winds across the north west. the snow level this morning is about 500 metres. that will come down later in the data about 300 metres. these are our temperatures. three degrees in stornoway, nine in cardiff. as we head into the and overnight, we say goodbye to the weather front. clear skies behind. a lot of showers
coming in. still wintry, particularly in the hills of scotland. some getting down to lower levels. by the end of the night we could have ten centimetres of lying snow. at lower levels, two centimetres. frost and ice to watch out for the first thing tomorrow morning. more cloud coming in and also some rain. that will maintain the temperature level. but having said that, we could see some snow falling when the —— in the brecon beacons and the cotswolds. 0vernight it is another cold one. a cold start tomorrow. a band of rain moving towards the east and moving northwards across england and wales. strong winds through the english channel. for scotland and northern ireland, northern england, some sunshine. still some showers. wintry in the hills. in the heavy bursts, getting down to lower levels. as the rain moves north, we could see some snow falling across north—west england and also parts of north—west
wales. most of that again will be in the hills. in the heavier bursts you could see some lower levels. a cold feeling day generally. we are not done with the rain and snowjust yet. a longer forecast with more details in half an hour. thank you, carroll. carroll is here throughout the morning. of course. shops in england can reopen from today. nina's at the trafford centre in greater manchester, which is currently in tier 3. normally at this time, anybody who has ever been to the trafford centre, it is jammed from the minuted opens to the minute it closes. what is going to be like today? absolutely, down. this is nothing less than a sacred palace of worship for people who love a day out shopping. last year it welcomed about 30 million visitors. it is the third biggest shopping centre in the country. nonessential
retail has stopped since bonfire night, the 5th of november. that happened in england. a full lockdown of nonessential retail, which reopens today. in wales, of course, nonessential retail is back open. not in northern ireland apart from click and collect. in scotland, some areas have restricted nonessential retail. how much is that going to cost retail? £2 billion of revenue has been lost by footfall, shops being closed, every single week. a lot of money. and a reminder of what happened yesterday. some of the fallout from that. we found out on monday night that arcadia, who had collapsed, taking with a potentially 13,000 jobs, no sign of a rescue there. and then yesterday, debenhams, we found out that its days are numbered. 12,000 jobs will be lost there. 200 years of history on the high street goes with it. not
deterred though today. there are already, believe it or not, people queueing outside a primer. we grabbed the first shopper, keane karen. she is a mental health nurse. she wanted to grab the opportunity to get your first. i worked through the first covid epidemic. this time i'm off work with a damaged thumb. i thought i'd come out for a day, boost my mental health, get some shopping, get everything i need. put some money back in the system. thank you karen. let's speak to the lady who has to handle current, not literally, and all the thousands of others who will be stepping through the door. it is zoe, the centre manager. how are the door. it is zoe, the centre manager. how are you the door. it is zoe, the centre manager. how are you feeling about today and how you —— how will you manage the numbers because we are still in the midst of a pandemic?”
think people need to be patient. obviously people want to browse but then they have a queue outside and it isa then they have a queue outside and it is a lot more pressure when you have got quite a small shop. you can see them queueing and you get quite anxious. it'sjust see them queueing and you get quite anxious. it's just you and see them queueing and you get quite anxious. it'sjust you and there. patients would be nice but i am excited. inaudible. long term what is the future? we have definitely had to think outside the box in terms of trying to sort of sort out an income because as soon as the doors shut that was it. we had no form of income. i tackled the world wide web. that was hard work. we don't have the teams to build these big websites. going out on the internet you're with the big face. that's been quite hard. but it's got me through this month,
which is the main thing. do you think long term people will be coming back to the trafford centre in the numbers that they were before the pandemic? lots of people have switched to online for the first time. they might not go back? you can't buy the experience of going shopping with your children. children love the trafford centre. that's one thing you can't buy on the internet. a big day out for hundreds of families making their way to the trafford centre today, and hundreds of places like it, for the first time since the 5th of november. if you are thinking of heading to debenhams, we expect that to be busy as well because of the closing down sales. last night you couldn't even get on their website. we will be heading over to debenhams later this morning. we will be heading over to debenhams laterthis morning. nina, thank we will be heading over to debenhams later this morning. nina, thank you so later this morning. nina, thank you so much. a lot more from nina throughout the morning. and i suppose we should say, we are reporting on the fact that lots of people are keen to get out, just social interaction after national lockdown. i just remember the social interaction after national lockdown. ijust remember the advice is social distancing, facemasks,
space... that is going to be the overarching message. and the cat is actually at charlton athletic today, one of the sporting venues outside to your three where fans can go back to your three where fans can go back to sporting events. we are trying to cover as much as we possibly can over the course of the day. as usual. let's take a look at some of today's front pages. the times leads on care homes reopening to visitors. the paper also notes the reopening of shops in england, and says the lifting of the lockdown and the debenhams fire sale could lead to a "wild wednesday" of frantic shopping. the nhs is to start providing a coronavirus vaccine within days, according to the daily telegraph's splash. the paper says the armed forces and health service are making urgent preparations to start distributing the vaccine by the weekend. it also has a picture of us president—electjoe biden, with his foot in a medical boot. ‘throne alone' is the metro headline
— that's in relation to the queen and duke of edinburgh planning to spend a quiet christmas at windsor castle, avoiding the usual family gathering at sandringham because of the pandemic. and the scottish daily mail leads on first minister nicola sturgeon planning to pay a £500 bonus to all nhs staff as a thank—you for their work during the pandemic. the paper claims she is facing a backlash over the gesture. 22 minutes past six. we will hear a lot more from charlton athletic later on. with a new set of restrictions in force in england from today, police are tasked with making sure people follow them. but a new survey of officers in england and wales has revealed many of them feel the pandemic has had a negative impact on their morale. so, how is our police force coping? let's speak tojohn apter, national chair of the police federation of england and wales. thank you very much for your time with us this morning. 0k, first full
day i of lockdown. what is the thought in terms of, what does this day look like for those working in the police force today? good morning, naga. certainly for policing what many of my colleagues are telling me is that this second period of lockdown, in reality, has not really been a lockdown for them. it's been busy on the roads, the streets. the number of calls they are receiving. in great contrast to the first lockdown. so what we're seeing now is a very complicated landscape across england and wales. i represent 130,000 police officers across england and wales. there are very different rules and regulations in different parts of the country. soi in different parts of the country. so i think today, whilst many people are completely understandably looking forward to getting back into the shops, many of my colleagues will be concerned about what that will be concerned about what that will bring, because more people out and about, more expectation on them, confusing rules and regulations, they are criticised for not enforcing some regulations, which in
fa ct enforcing some regulations, which in fact is not their responsibility. so it creates a bit of a perfect storm, which actually is not that perfect. let's talk about today in terms of responsibility and the confusing message. we were talking about the shops reopening. is it the responsibility of the police was to make sure there is not overcrowding and people not abiding by the face, space and people not abiding by the face, 5 pa ce rules and people not abiding by the face, space rules in shops today? that's really interesting because as far as overcrowding, just public safety, of course that is a police issue. but it always will and always has been. if there are problems within stories, we have seen are traditionally in sales when these big announcements are made on the black friday sales, cyber monday, super saturday, there are so many, sometimes the police will have to be called purely for public safety. but certainly when it comes to social distancing, police officers are not in theirto do distancing, police officers are not in their to do that. it is not their responsibility. many people think it is. if things turn into a public
order situation and the staff in the shops need our support, as long as we have got the resources available, which is a whole other issue, of course we will be there to help and assess. and many times we just simply don't have the resources. i think viewers will be really concerned and shocked if they knew exactly how many police officers we re exactly how many police officers were available in their towns and cities on any average day. it's far fewer than they may expect.” cities on any average day. it's far fewer than they may expect. i will talk to you about resources available and morale. in tier 2 pubs and available and morale. in tier 2 pubs a nd restau ra nts available and morale. in tier 2 pubs and restaurants can open, alcohol can only be served with a substantial meal. you know where i am going with this? scotch eggs, thatis am going with this? scotch eggs, that is considered a substantial meal by some ministers. are your police members going to be popping in and out of pubs to make sure that anybody in tier 2 being served alcohol has a substantial meal? look, i laughed, alcohol has a substantial meal? look, ilaughed, but alcohol has a substantial meal? look, i laughed, but it's farfrom funny, because the messages that have been given by some ministers
have been given by some ministers have been given by some ministers have been deeply unhelpful. i spoke with an officer yesterday from a large voice who said it would not surprise him if they were issued with charts on what is a substantial meal and what isn't. no, of course, we're not going to be checking what isa we're not going to be checking what is a substantial meal and what's not. that is the responsibility of the to make it crystal clear to the hospitality injury —— industry what is expected of them. we just don't have the capacity as police officers, or the time, to check what people are eating. there are other agencies better placed to do that. around 59% of those polled in this latest survey said they would not recommend joining the police. this isa recommend joining the police. this is a recruitment drive by the government to hire 20,000 officers. is that a direct response to the pressures of the pandemic? yeah. let me put this in context. this is more than 25 police officers who
responded to this survey. if chief co nsta bles responded to this survey. if chief constables or government failed to listen, then that will be a disgrace, it really well. this should sound alarm bells. people are feeling, police officers are feeling let down at the moment. they almost feel ashamed or not wanting to put their hand up and say, we do feel left out, we have been battered senseless throughout this pandemic. metaphorically speaking. and physically. assaults on police officers rose during lockdown. that isa officers rose during lockdown. that is a whole other issue. yet many officers are coming to me, and these are the officers who generally are the silent majority, they are coming to us and saying, i have really had enough. no matter what i do it's never enough, it would appear in the media. i'm damned if! never enough, it would appear in the media. i'm damned if i do, damned if i don't. i do what i think is right, iam i don't. i do what i think is right, i am criticised by some. i don't feel i am supported all the time by my bosses. where do i turn to? as
you know time as i was against us. i do think what you are saying is important. yes or no answer. in your history of the police federation, as it ever been this bad in terms of morale? under the theresa may government it probably was a little bit lower. but during the pandemic, we re bit lower. but during the pandemic, were police officers like all other emergency service workers, really genuinely want to do their best, it is very low. that should be a serious concern for government and the leaders within policing. national chair for the police federation of england and wales, thank you for your time. time now to get the news, travel and weather where you are. good morning, i'm sonja jessup. so london returns to tier 2 covid restrictions today following the second national lockdown. the mayor says it will undoubtedly be a "major boost" for the capital's struggling shops and hospitality venues and is urging londoners to support
businesses as they reopen, but also follow the rules. of course, some areas just outside the capital, such as slough , are in the higher tier 3. meanwhile, wycombe will become one of the first football league clubs since march to play in front of some fans tonight. around 1,000 wycombe supporters will be there for the match against stoke, the first time they have ever seen their team play in the championship following promotion in the summer. it's such an achievement in wycombe's history. it's the biggest thing that's happened to us as a club. i was born in wycombe, i've grown up in wycombe. it's meant everything to us. i cried when we got promoted and stuff. and it would just be absolutely amazing to get back there. the police federation says almost half of met officers say they weren't given adequate personal protective equipment during the pandemic. it called its survey "a cry for help" from police, saying they'd been put under significant pressure, with constantly changing covid rules. the national police chiefs'
council said there was "no issue" with supply of ppe and that the wellbeing of officers is a "priority". let's take a look at the travel situation now. the tube has a lot of problems this morning mostly due to overrunning engineering work. the bakerloo line has no service southbound between harrow & wealdstone to queen's park. that has a chilly now cleared up, good service now. the district line was suspended, it's now started running again but with severe delays. the london 0verg round has severe delays from watford junction to euston. and tfl has some minor delays due to power problems. there's also no greater anglia trains from stratford to tottenham hale, that's also overunning engineering works. and a quick look at the a13, this is the traffic heading ito central london through dagenham, starting to build there. and in harlesden, craven park road is closed because of a burst water main. time for the weather now, here's elizabeth rizzini. hello, good morning. it's a cold and frosty start to the day across the capital today,
temperatures very close to freezing. but there is a bit of early brightness and sunshine, it's not going to last for too long, longest towards eastern areas. because there's more cloud moving in from the west and the cloud is likely to thicken again as we head through the afternoon. it should stay dry for most of the day, butjust feeling very chilly. highs of only six or seven celsius and there will be some outbreaks of light patchy rain and drizzle, just as we head towards sunset and into the first part of the evening. that is a cold front coming through, won't amount to very much. it's certainly a lot cloudier tonight than it was last night so temperatures won't drop quite so low, largely frost free into the start of the day tomorrow. so tomorrow, outbreaks of rain on and off through the day tomorrow, it's also going to turn a little windy as well. and it will feel chilly again on thursday, with even lower temperatures. watch out for a little bit of wintriness particularly over the higher ground on thursday night into friday morning. there's more from me in half an hour, do take a look at our facebook and instagram too.
hello this is breakfast with dan walker and naga munchetty. coming up on breakfast this morning. the mystery of the the british hiker who has been missing in the pyrenees for a week, we'll be speaking to her partner about his desperate search to find her. tis the season for an advent calendar and although traditionally, they're filled with chocolate, we'll be finding out why some people think 2020 is the perfect year to find an alternative to the christmas tradition. 70s rocker suzi quatro is back. she will be telling us why she's traded her signature bass guitar for a piano as she launches her new christmas single.
you surprised me then. when we had susie quatro, you had some foot tapping under the desk. a little bit of music this time of the morning. little bit of gentle rocking out. just the left foot. after eight months of strict restrictions, care home residents in england will be allowed face—to—face visits with loved ones, from today. more than one million rapid tests will be sent out over the next month so that safe indoor visits can go ahead. let's speak now to gp, dr william bird. good morning, lovely to have you on the programme again. they care home situation, we know that many tests have been sent out, 16,000 care homes across the country are trying and will be attempting to get people to come and visit relatives before christmas. can you give us an idea of how, do your mind, it the testing
will work? who administers the tests ? will work? who administers the tests? it will be a designated person, relative, who will be able to get test done at the care home, and if it is negative, then they can with all full ppe and the prevention that we normally have, go into the ca re that we normally have, go into the care home and see their relative, which is a huge benefit. it is the one thing, i say, from patients who have come to me and said, lockdown isa have come to me and said, lockdown is a real problem, when they have a elderly relative in the care home, not to be able to see them and touch them has been the most single distressing thing so this is fantastic. that's will be done from the care home, get a quick result and will be able to get in and see the relative. this is something which as you mentioned a number of your patients have been talking about, asking about, for many months. it could make a huge difference to people's mental health as well. it is, ithink it is
difference to people's mental health as well. it is, i think it is the ability not to be able to touch or be able to be face to face, doing it through screens all windows, and the ca re through screens all windows, and the care homes have been working very ha rd care homes have been working very hard and some of them have been finding ita hard and some of them have been finding it a real struggle. to get this consistency across care homes will be brilliant. as it comes up to christmas, for people it has been eight or nine months since they have last seen or been face—to—face with their mother or father. that is a real strain. this is really good new. the important -- really good news. the important thing is that it is entirely safe, we will be asking the health secretary about this later on. the british medical journal say that experts warn that these lateral flow tests, they might miss as many as half of covid—19 cases depending on who uses them, they say they are not suitable for test and release strategy which enables people to leave lockdown or
going home from university. that is an important part of this, it has to be safe, these tests have to be effective. there has been an awful lot about all the different tests, and it's just because lot about all the different tests, and it'sjust because it lot about all the different tests, and it's just because it is a lateral flow tests, but it doesn't mean that every company is going to be able to make the same sensitivity. each company will have the variance and the government will be trying to find the one which they think is accurate. the way you tested and the data that comes through, and it gets really complicated, and the decisions cannot be made quickly. i think we will be finding more lateral flow tests coming onto the market and i think that will improve. i did read the article in the bmj, it is concerning that there are going to be cases missed but we will be able to catch up as we have done with other things. one of the other big changes from today in england is a shops reopening. some are planning a longer opening hours. i know you
a lwa ys longer opening hours. i know you always have your doctor hat on when you're on here, but with a medical hat on, are you concerned that people stick to the basics to make sure we don't see a return to virus numbers based on people spending more time with each other in shops? well, as we all know from the science, it is when you are indoors, without any ventilation, when the virus spreads. so in a way the big shops, the ones where you are going to be able to go up big spaces, big sales and high roofs, you feel quite small in this huge place, that will be feeling 0k. it is the small shops, most of them have remained open all the way through, the corner shops, the shops where you have got really tight aisles and everyone is nudging past each other, those are the ones i'm concerned about. some of these larger high street shops and the out—of—town shops, i think they're going to be quite safe. i have absolutely no worries at all about those ones opening. i do feel
most of the virus is spread inside in homes, or in very small areas where the working situation isn't good. i don't think we really need to worry about the bigger shops. people are now very used to it, we all know what we are meant to be doing. to start with it was all a little bit unsure, but now i think people are really sensible. i don't think there's any real worries about that at all. i don't think we should be worried about that area. carol has been talking about the cold weather, particularly towards the end of this week. how does that potentially affect the virus? give us an potentially affect the virus? give us an idea of that this morning, mr bird. two things, the virus seems to hang around longer when you have a very quiet weather with no sunshine to burn it off and it is cold and foggy. we know that flu hangs around longer and can replicate and when it gets cold, this is for relatives, this is very important, relatives where houses are in —— relatives are
in houses when they do not have the heating on, if they have a cold nose, their immune system is diminishing and if they are shivering, they are way past the safe zone. look off old people but if we all get cold and shivery, —— look after old people, but if we all get cold, and the immune system goes down, if the cold virus is in the nose, it has a chance to go in. that happened about two weeks after the cold snap. so be very careful. it's good to get in early. thank you very much. it is called, how many times have i seen you it is called, how many times have i seen you in your woolly hat in the early morning coverage? nothing will keep you away from your favourite sport. fans will return to english football league grounds today, as several clubs re—open to limited
numbers of spectators under the new tier system. but the matchday experience will be very different. kat's at the home of charlton athletic football club, which is in tier 2, as they gear up to take on mk dons this evening. same winter weather, different experience, the woolly hat and coat, check! it will be nothing like the 18,500 fans they normally get but there will be fans back here at the stadium later on and at a number of other grounds. it depends on which of the tiers you live in. in tier 1, 4000 fans, are allowed in indoor venues like this. in tier 2, 2000, and in tier3, still venues like this. in tier 2, 2000, and in tier 3, still no fans. so later on here today, 2000 fans coming through the turnstiles. it will be a different experience, people will come in through the concourse we know one way system, temperatures checked and then shown to their seats. the government guidelines say that family bubbles
can sit together but here at cheltenham, they have decided to spread out the plans for extra safety. you can see the green ticks where the fans are allowed to sit. i'm not allowed to go in there because the chairs have been specially cleaned. because the fans have been spread out, they will fill all three of the stands, the covered end and the east stand. there will be surround sound for the players on the pitch and a very partisan atmosphere because only home fans are allowed to attend, no travelling away fans. huge anticipation tonight because it could be a really big game, they are playing mk dons and charlton are game, they are playing mk dons and charlton a re currently game, they are playing mk dons and charlton are currently fourth in league 1. if they win tonight, they could go second. they are hoping for plenty of goals for the fans to celebrate. fans are allowed to celebrate, but they have to wear face coverings at all times. very different match day experience here at charlton. i will be speaking to the people who put these measures in
place to find out how it is going to work later on in the programme. let's bring you up to date with last night's champions league action. and liverpool are through to the knockout stage with a game to spare, thanks to an absolute howler from the ajax goalkeeper at anfield. he completely misjudged a cross, allowing curtisjones to tap in the ball for the only goal of the game. and with the dutch side pressing after that, injury—hit liverpool had to put up their defences. that's how it is in part of the group stage. for ajax, played well. in the game they must have thought it's all or nothing, pretty much. that's how they changed, they had all the strikers, i think, on the pitch in the end. and so i'm very, very, very happy about the result, and the performance. in the circumstance. great. manchester city were already
through but their goalless draw in porto made sure of top spot in their group, although they'll be wondering how on earth they didn't score there. aston villa say they "fully support" the premier league's decision to postpone their match at home to newcastle on friday, after five newcastle players and two staff members tested positive for covid—19. it's the first premier league fixture this season to be called off because of the coronavirus. newcastle's training ground has been closed since monday and the league agreed they were unable to "safely prepare" for the match. northern ireland's women have made history by securing a play—off place for the 2022 european championship. they went behind to the faroe islands in belfast before coming back to win 5—1. this the pick of the goals, from chloe mccarron. that result also means that wales cannot qualify despite beating belarus. scotland's chances are also over after they lost to finland. but northern ireland
are still on track to reach their first major tournament. england's cricketers are back on top of the t20 world rankings, after they completed a 3—0 series whitewash against south africa. they were set a big target of 192 by the home side in cape town but they made light work of it, dawid malan hitting a magnificent 99 not out. he is officially the best t20 batsman in the world. the sides begin their one—day series at the same ground on friday. that is the sport for you. we are going to go and find a nice hot drink because it is pretty party here. an extra bonus for those 2000 fa ns here. an extra bonus for those 2000 fans turning up later on to watch that game, they have to get here a bit early to get through all the protocols and get into their seats, they are going to be given a free cup of hot chocolate. doesn't that sound nice? have you got the other
gloves somewhere? down on the floor here. just checking that you haven't only got one. i can't use my phone with it! that is a good mitten, good winter wear. that is an example of how you need to be dressing perhaps today around the country. she did well there, very strong winter wear. absolutely right, layout, that is the key! good morning. it is going to turn colder. —— layer up, that is the key! we have rain in the forecast, also some snow. the snow will be on higher ground but we could see some bursts at lower levels. today this cold front sinks south taking cloud and behind it, it will get colder. behind it to the temperatures will dip. a cold start in the south—east under clear skies, a touch of frost with early brightness that the cloud and rain
associated with the cold front will sink southward and eastward through the day. blustery winds, touching gale force across the north west, blowing in a lot of showers across parts of scotland and northern ireland, a few in north—west england and north wales. increasingly there will be wintry showers on the hills in scotland with the snow level coming down as the cold air cuts in. three degrees in stornoway, seven in london. this evening and overnight, we say goodbye to the weather front. clearer skies around, still a lot of showers and wintry in nature. by the end of the night in western scotland, we could have ten centimetres of lying snow on the hills but even at lower levels, there is the potential of two centimetres with the risk of ice and some frost. further south, centimetres with the risk of ice and some frost. furthersouth, more cloud and rain coming our way. as it engages with the colder air, it could produce some snow across the brecon beacons and the cotswolds,
for example. these are the overnight lows, watch out for ice on untreated surfaces. thursday brings a system of rain across england and wales, low pressure driving our weather. the isobars alone tell you that, and as well as the rain in the south, it will be windy through the english channel on the straits of dover. some of that will have a wintry element especially later on in the day, some snow getting in across the hills of north—west england and north west wales. north of that for scotla nd north west wales. north of that for scotland and northern ireland, once again sunshine and showers, fewer than we are looking at today. having said that, they will still be wintry in nature. overnight thursday into friday, we will see a band of cloud and rain and hills known in northern england, pushing into scotland, and we could see some lying snow in these areas. meanwhile this rain across the south—east of england, overnight we could see some of that
in heavier bursts producing snow even at lower levels, getting down across the chilterns and the downs. don't expect a lot from this. i will keep you posted. dan and... naga. did you forget? there is a lot changing, naga is not meant to be here on wednesday, we wish he was a much easier anyway! you or —— we wish she wasn't but she is here anyway! you are awful! we will discuss this later. in the biggest rebellion from his own party since taking up the position of prime minister, last night 55 conservative mps voted against borisjohnson's tier system. among them were 10 former cabinet ministers, including sir iain duncan smith, who called the regional measures "draconian". sir iainjoins us now. good morning, thank you for your time this morning. tell me why you voted against the. i have written a
piece about it in the telegraph. my main point is the government moving from a tough lockdown after the evidence had been shown that the tier system had been flattening and bringing the infection rate down, lockdown will have brought it down much faster and we are making this decision before we know the full effect of the lockdown. the second element is, i thought we weren't really debating correctly what we should be, which is the government made a previous decision about a five—day relaxation over christmas, with three families meeting in households, when we know now that that has a massive effect on the tiering system. the sage group has demanded much tougher restrictions in this phase running up to christmas and with a possible lockdown after christmas. that will have a huge effect on the hospitality industry particularly, but also to some degree on retail and other businesses. my question
has been, shouldn't we have discussed and debated the whole package of the next two months, including the christmas period? i'm sure many people would have accepted a shorter period with perhaps fewer family members, but at least have a debate about whether we do that and stop the idea of so much pressure on pubs and restaurants, which, at the end of the day, all the evidence shows that there is little transmission when they are properly run in pubs and restaurant, but a high level of transmission at home which is what the sage group is concerned about over christmas. we could have balanced this and given our businesses a better position rather than crushing them as they would be in tier 3. your main objection is tier 3, because in tier 2, part investment are able to open with substantial rules. yes, half the country has been moved into tier 3,a the country has been moved into tier 3, a much larger level. people have made huge sacrifices after the lockdown and were expecting to see a
bigger bounce. the hospitality industry has had a terrible time and they were hoping, this really important period of christmas would bea important period of christmas would be a period when they would be able to at least put some money in the bank, as it were, to get a to the next few months which they know will be very tough after christmas. it was a big shock to them and it shocked a lot of colleagues, many of them found their areas in tier 3 with lower numbers of infections than other areas in tier 2. there we re than other areas in tier 2. there were decisions made about the economics of this, for example, london, my constituency is in london and that is on a tier 2. some areas of london are higher than some areas in tier 3. of london are higher than some areas in tier3. i of london are higher than some areas in tier 3. i accept the balance and it is right in my view for london to be in tier2 it is right in my view for london to be in tier 2 but i do think that other areas in tier 3 should be in tier 2. the important point i am making, with the five—day christmas fair lower right in the middle of this, with this long period where ——
christmas fellow, where the highest infection rates come with mixing at home, couldn't we have balanced this so we have two days rather than 503, and may be to family groups rather than three, thus reducing likelihood of the massive increase in infection which would have allowed the hospitality industry to open and have an easier process before christmas? that is my concern and that's when we didn't get an answer on that, i decided that i couldn't go along with the rates put out. as a former leader of the party, tell me how helpful it is for the public who see one of the biggest tory rebellion under boris johnson's leadership, 55 tory mps voted against, while the public is being told to comply and have confidence in the government in the way it is running business and doing business, and bear in mind the safety of others. how can it trust in a party thatis others. how can it trust in a party that is so divided? you can argue, how can you trust inner labour party
which didn't even vote... the question was about the tory party, the tory party is willing. not ruling, we are in parliament, and we are ina ruling, we are in parliament, and we are in a democracy. parliament has to vote about it, it is just a government ruling, we would rule by the attack. ok, you are in charge and there is a confidence issue in the government. on this issue, there was a debate and the government presented their reasons why they thought we should be in this tougher tier system but many of those reasons want debated were found to be wanting. we wanted a balance and whatever else at the end of it all, nobody wants to rebel against their government if they can avoid it. the reality is it is tough for government to make a decision. the key thing is to make sure the information is all out there, and have a wide debate about this. the point i make is, we have not had a
debate that effects the hospitality sector, that includes the rationale of the christmas break, including the effect of that on the hospitality sector. many, many thousands of people, tens of thousands of people, tens of thousands have jobs in thousands of people, tens of thousands havejobs in hospitality sector and they have the right to expect that in parliament, their livelihoods and lives are represented and debated and people make the case so that even when we get to january, we won't be plunging into a tougher tier system and we manage this better. we put all the information out there, they were supposed to be a dashboard existing in government which tells us the economic effect on this which the government said they could not produce two days ago, and discover they have got it anyway. we want proper debate and proper rationale, this is all this is about. sorry we have to rebel but that is what it is. thank you very much for your time. we will be talking to the health secretary matt hancock at 7:30am.
gyms are opening their doors today in all tiers, but you'll only be able to attend classes in tiers one and two. fi lambdin is at a gym in bristol this morning, which is now in tier 3. avoiding the running machines but looking at everyone else exercising hard. good morning! as you say, when we went into lockdown, this gem was in tier 1. it has emerged in tier 3. the good news for all of the people working very hard behind me is all gyms are opening all tiers. if we spin the camera around, you will see the difference. in tier 3, this space would normally be having a spin class or yoga class, or circuits, but as you can see, this is pretty empty, no classes in here. let me take you down the stairs and show you how it works. this gym has invested in all sorts of hand
sanitiser and you do a bit of cleaning here. and when you arrive, you get your bottle and your cloth, you get your bottle and your cloth, you clean your equipment down. you exercise and clean it before you leave it. let's talk to the manager, alan. you have had a very busy morning, there were queues at 6am, how delighted are you to be able to open how delighted are you to be able to o e ' how delighted are you to be able to open again? fantastic and it was great to see so many people waiting to come in. we have had so many members contacting us dying for the gym to be open again. notjust for physical health? absolutely not, most of the people were talking about mental health and it really impacted them not having the gym to go to, and it is great to get them back in. some people will say, here in bristol, cases are still really high. this is nonessential, it is dangerous to have the gym opened.” totally disagree. it's absolutely essential and we have done everything we possibly can to make
it safe. everything from members being able to check their past, co nta ctless being able to check their past, contactless access, we have professional clea ners contactless access, we have professional cleaners and everyday and we have gone out of our way to make sure is safe. queue forjoining us. make sure is safe. queue forjoining us. if you could step that side so we could keep our social distance, and we are going to come over to meet ellen. i am going to put the microphone this way, actually, this way! if you can tell me what it means for you to be back at the gym. so amazing to be back, i go to the gym five times a week. going without is so difficult but it is so good to be back and be able to focus on myself a little bit. do you find it very different for going for a run in an evening? definitely, being at the gym lets you focus a lot more. it'sjust you the gym lets you focus a lot more. it's just you and the metal. really good. we will let you go back to exercising in private, thank you for talking to us. if i can spin you around and show you, this is the message that everyone i have spoken
to says, they say, all i want for christmas is the gym back. it is an apt message for some. nice to see the christmas tree between the running machines! let's find out what is happening where you are, we will be back at 7am. good morning, i'm sonja jessup. so london returns to tier 2 covid restrictions today, following the second national lockdown. nonessential shops, and businesses like hairdressers, can now reopen. the mayor is urging londoners to support them in the run—up to christmas, but to also follow the rules. of course, some areas just outside the capital — such as slough — are in the higher tier 3. meanwhile, wycombe will become one of the first football league clubs since march to play in front of some fans tonight. around 1,000 wycombe supporters will be there for the match against stoke, the first time they have
ever seen their team play in the championship following promotion in the summer. it's such an achievement in wycombe's history. it's the biggest thing that's happened to us as a club. i was born in wycombe, i've grown up in wycombe. it's meant everything to us. i cried when we got promoted and stuff. and it would just be absolutely amazing to get back there. the police federation says almost half of met officers say they weren't given adequate personal protective equipment during the pandemic. it called its survey "a cry for help", saying they'd been put under significant pressure, particularly as they enforced constantly changing covid rules. the national police chiefs council said there was no issue with supply of ppe, and that the wellbeing of officers is a "priority". let's take a look at the travel situation now. the tube has a lot of problems this morning, mostly due to overunning engineering work. the district line has severe delays, and so does the 0verground between watford junction to euston..
it is part suspended, we havejust heard. and tfl rail has some minor delays between paddington and hayes & harlington due to power problems. greater anglia trains also have delays of up to half an hour via stratford due to overunnning engineering work. a quick look at the a13. this is the traffic heading into central london through dagenham, starting to build there. and in harlesden, craven park road is closed because of a burst water main. time for the weather now. here's elizabeth rizzini. hello, good morning. it's a cold and frosty start to the day across the capital today, temperatures very close to freezing. but there is a bit of early brightness and sunshine, it's not going to last for too long, longest towards eastern areas. because there's more cloud moving in from the west and the cloud is likely to thicken again as we head through the afternoon. it should stay dry for most of the day, butjust feeling very chilly. highs of only six or seven celsius and there will be some outbreaks of light patchy rain and drizzle, just as we head towards
sunset and into the first part of the evening. that is a cold front coming through, won't amount to very much. it's certainly a lot cloudier tonight than it was last night so temperatures won't drop quite so low, largely frost free into the start of the day tomorrow. so tomorrow, outbreaks of rain on and off through the day tomorrow, it's also going to turn a little windy as well. and it will feel chilly again on thursday, with even lower temperatures. watch out for a little bit of wintriness particularly over the higher ground on thursday night into friday morning. there's more from me in half an hour. do take a look at our facebook and instagram too. now it's back to dan and naga. bye for now. good morning, welcome to breakfast with dan walker and naga munchetty. 0ur headlines today: england's new three tier covid restrictions come into force. as the second national lockdown comes to an end. the measures are voted
through by parliament — but 55 conservative mps rebel against the prime minister. can we expect a wild wednesday on the high street? the shops are open and a christmas rush is expected, but in towns and city centres like this, it's a festive season like no other. the first hundred customers have already gone into primerica. —— primerica. i'm in birmingham to get a sense of the mood. people with relatives in care homes in england will be allowed to see them indoors from today — but they must have a negative test and take the necessary precautions. good morning. fans are back, but in limited numbers at only some grounds. i'm at charlton athletic on the day that spectators make their much—awaited return to english football. good morning. 0ver over the next few days and nights some of us will see some snow, most of it in the hills. some at low levels. today we have got some mild
air moving away to be replaced by colder air air moving away to be replaced by colderair in air moving away to be replaced by colder air in the north. all of the details in ten minutes. good morning. it's wednesday, 2nd december. we have some breaking news. in the last few minutes we have heard that the first coronavirus vaccine has been approved for use in the uk by the medicines and health care products regulatory agency. mh ra, as you may know. this has been manufactured by the us pharmaceutical company pfizer, and its partner by and take. data released last month showed this but vaccine is 95% effective after the trial. let's put this into context. the uk, if you remember, as 10 million doses available by the end of the year. that is enough to vaccinate 5 million people. there are another 30 million ordered as well. the hope was, you might remember, the health secretary matt
hancock telling us on the day it was first announced, it will, at first —— at some stage next year. reports suggest vaccinations will begin in the next few days. a reminder, we are going to be talking to matt hancock, the health secretary, at 7:30am. we will get his reaction. let's talk to hugh pym, our health editor. to put this in context, when pfizer first said it had the vaccine, we saw the markets absolutely soar, didn't we? i mean, the whole world has been looking at not just when a the whole world has been looking at notjust when a vaccine is produced, but when it is ready. this is what these tangible information is telling us now. what do we know in terms of when we can get it? well, it has just terms of when we can get it? well, it hasjust broken, terms of when we can get it? well, it has just broken, the news, literally in the last few minutes that the fires are —— pfizer vaccine, they publish trial results at the beginning of november that we re very at the beginning of november that were very exciting, 90% effectiveness, this is the key next
step, getting approved by the british regulator, the mh ra, for use, emergency use, if you like. that paves the way for it to be distributed as quickly as possible around initially the nhs in the uk. because the government has now got the green light to get it out there. it isa the green light to get it out there. it is a very significant and exciting moment. the mh ra is the first regulator in any leading industrialised economy to give it the all clear. the european regulator, the ema, is and started looking at it. it will do very soon. nor has the american regulator. it means within days, possibly early next week, hospitals will get the first doses and be able to provide them, to administer them to staff initially, we understand. then others after that. a really important moment, there is. and we are going to learn in the next few days how it is going to be rolled out. now we understand we need to
think about this in context, don't we, in terms of rolling it out? so the expectation is next week the vaccine is going to be made available. is the nhs nhs equipped to do that? we already understood who would be getting the vaccine first, front—line workers and those most vulnerable over the age of 85? well, the initial plan from the expert committee covering vaccines was that care home residents and staff would be the top priority, followed by health and care staff, followed by health and care staff, followed by health and care staff, followed by the over 805. but because of the nature of this vaccine, has to be stored at minu5 80 degrees, it is difficult to get around, ho5pital5 80 degrees, it is difficult to get around, hospitals are, certainly in england as far as we know, going to be the first recipient to deliver to staff, to vaccinate staff, because they can store it more easily. we waited to hear more details of that, but ho5pital5 waited to hear more details of that, but hospitals have been told to be ready. they have been preparing for the last few weeks, getting ready to
receive doses. and it could actually be early next week. but we will need to do here to wait from the government be —— about how they deal with this, and remember the astrazeneca 0xford vaccine is the one where far more doses have been ordered by the uk government. it seems likely that would be more appropriate for hub5 covering the at ri5k appropriate for hub5 covering the at risk groups i havejust appropriate for hub5 covering the at risk groups i have just said. appropriate for hub5 covering the at risk groups i havejust said. that i5 risk groups i havejust said. that is still going through the approvals proce55. is still going through the approvals process. we await to hear more details but it seems to be a really important moment, paving the way for a green light for this to be put out there next week, and the first british people to receive the vaccine. do we have an idea of the number of vaccines we will be getting? well, there were 10 million doses ordered from pfizer, a certain amount before christmas. we are not sure. it is manufactured in belgium, so sure. it is manufactured in belgium, so it will have to be much —— transported over here. that will
ta ke transported over here. that will take a few days. it would be a certain amount. i will have to go very shortly. i'm sorry. ok, thank you very much. he is going to be keeping us all updated. let me read you this from the health secretary, matt hancock. he has been tweeting this morning. he will be live on this morning. he will be live on this programme in 20 minutes. he 5ay5, this programme in 20 minutes. he says, "help is on its way. the mh ra has formally authorised the vaccine. the nhs stands ready to start vaccinating early next week. the uk i5 vaccinating early next week. the uk is the first country in the world to have a clinically approved vaccine for supply." that have a clinically approved vaccine for supply. " that is have a clinically approved vaccine for supply." that is the health secretary. he will be with us live on breakfast. he will give us more detail about how much and when that will be coming. that is at 7:30am. just to recap, pfizer and bion take, their vaccination has been improved by the mh ra, the uk regulator. we know that a total of 40 million
doses had been ordered by the uk. we are waiting to get the exact numbers as to how many will be delivered, will arrive. hugh pym, as to how many will be delivered, willarrive. hugh pym, our as to how many will be delivered, will arrive. hugh pym, our health editor, made very clear as well this needs to be stored at —18 degrees. we need to talk about the infrastructure, whether ho5pital5 and gp surgeries have that infrastructure, and also to get some clarification a5 infrastructure, and also to get some clarification as to exactly who would be vaccinated first. the expectation is that next week people could begin being vaccinated. we have just been told by nhs england that it will happen next week. they're ready to go next week with that of vaccination from pfizer. that is the main use of the day. let's get more detail from our political correspondent, ian watson, who is at westminster. it is one of tho5e who is at westminster. it is one of those times where there are lots of stories around at the moment but this is the one that will dominate the headlines, isn't it? it will dominate the headlines. people have been waiting for a game changer for a long time. now we have at least
one vaccination being authorised for use. the hope is that others will be approved soon afterwards. certainly as far as pfizer i5 approved soon afterwards. certainly as far as pfizer is concerned, there are 40 million doses of this. it will take awhile to roll out. they had hoped to get vaccination 5tarted by the end of the year. we now know they will be started next week. 40 million doses represents 20 million people in total because people need doses a couple of weeks apart. so again, it will take time to build up its effectiveness. given that that i5 its effectiveness. given that that is the case though, i think it is important politically a5 is the case though, i think it is important politically as well as medically because we saw the restle55ne55 in the house of commons among bori5 johnson's on restle55ne55 in the house of commons among bori5johnson'5 on mp5 yesterday. some people say we have to live with this virus for a long time and quite frankly, the economy, the hospitality industry and so on, 5imply the hospitality industry and so on, simply cannot sustain that unless the government thinks its restrictions. the government will now be able to say, look, for goodness' sake, hang on, be patient.
a5 bori5johnson says time and again, the cavalry i5 a5 bori5johnson says time and again, the cavalry is on its way in the form of a vaccine. you would hope that people would say, let's put up with further restrictions in the short term, as long as we can 5ee the short term, as long as we can see an escape route from the virus beyond that. at least the hatch has been open, if you like. one of the vaccines has been approved for use. a5 hugh pym wa5 a5 hugh pym was saying, this vaccine has to be stored at —80 degrees. so the oxford vaccine, the astrazeneca vaccine is something that can be 5tored vaccine is something that can be stored in the fridge. it can get out and rent to people. if it gets approved then perha p5 and rent to people. if it gets approved then perhaps that would be the game changer we want. but certainly there is light at the end of the tunnel. a big gigantic 5hining torche5 appeared in the form of the approval of the astrazeneca, 5orry, of the pfizer vaccine. of the approval of the astrazeneca, sorry, of the pfizer vaccine. thank you very much for that. we know that
people are tuning in all the time. we should probably retell the main 5tory. absolutely. what we have heard in the last 11, 12 minutes, is that the joint—venture between pfizer and bion tech, who have been working together to get a vaccine for coronavirus, we knew from the trials, which we found out in november, that the vaccine is 95% effective. now the uk has become the first country to approve a covid—19 vaccine following these large—scale trials. the regulator, the mh ra, has said it can be authorised for emergency use. now has said it can be authorised for emergency u5e. now what we understand is that the uk has ordered 40 million doses. a two do5e per person vaccine it has this on order. this vaccination wa5 submitted for approval by the ema. the uk is the first country to approve a vaccine for a covid—19. we
don't know yet how many will arrive next week. and be available to use. we will ask matt hancock about that. we will ask matt hancock about that. we are still awaiting new5 we will ask matt hancock about that. we are still awaiting news on the madonna vaccine. indeed. that was submitted for approval with the ema. the european body. that was on tuesday. we are waiting on that. thi5 tuesday. we are waiting on that. this is the mh ra. there was a lot spoken about how this vaccine works and how it will be stored. it needs to be stored at —80 degrees. so there will be questions, which you will put to the health secretary, where can it be stored? how ea5ily will it be able to be rolled out? we are being told nhs england is ready to roll it out. ye5, are being told nhs england is ready to roll it out. yes, they are ready to roll it out. yes, they are ready to go next week. lot5 to roll it out. yes, they are ready to go next week. lots to talk about. all of that good news. of course we will see the reaction in the markets later as well. we will keep you updated throughout the morning. it's a busy day today because also this morning nonessential shops in all
tiers will reopen today, with many retailers extending their opening hours in an attempt to recover lost revenue. but there are concerns that a christmas shopping ru5h may draw large crowds to city centres and make social distancing difficult. phil mackie is in birmingham this morning. you are outside prime arc. 0ther stories available, of course. the reason you are outside that one is because it is opening an hour early today? that's right. this is open, the others are injured. there are a lot of people in the shops getting ready to open in birmingham. thi5 lot of people in the shops getting ready to open in birmingham. this is a big moment for the retail sector. it has been a horrible year so far. they needed boost coming into december. the concern is lots of people coming to the city centres like birmingham and the rate starts going back up. there are about —— one r number they were about 100 people queueing up in it open. a lot of those people have come to avoid the crowds later in the day. they are expecting it to be a wild
wednesday because people have been locked up for the last month in many pa rt5 of locked up for the last month in many parts of england. this gives them a chance to get out. they come to try to socially distance, avoid the crowds, get what they need and government be so. what we have seen in birmingham, a5 government be so. what we have seen in birmingham, as we have seen a lot of big cities across the country, is the retail sector really suffering. jon lewi5 the retail sector really suffering. jon lewis has already left birmingham, of course. debenhams will do in the new year too. the big cities have suffered, particularly from people working from home staying in the suburbs, staying in the commuter towns and shopping there and not coming in. with venues shut as well. people not coming to hotels. there is just shut as well. people not coming to hotels. there isjust not shut as well. people not coming to hotels. there is just not enough footfall in the city centre. this is a really critical time, the next few weeks, from birmingham but also for cities across the country to try and get a festive boost for the retail sector. thank you very much. people with relatives in care homes in england will be allowed to see them indoors from today. the government is distributing more
than a million rapid tests, so that families returning negative results can be cleared to visit, as long as they take the necessary precautions. let's find out what is happening with the weather. carol this year. that is gorgeous. is that a sign of things to come?“ you just move out of the way, it would improve the picture a hell of a lot more! good morning everybody. it isa a lot more! good morning everybody. it is a beautiful picture right or not. it is also a sign of things to come. we are expecting some snow in the forecast for the next few days and nights. mostly on higher ground. but occasionally only have your bursts it will get down to lower levels. of course it is going to turn colder. a cold start in the southeast this morning. a touch of frost and some sunshine. however, this cloud and rain will sink
southwards through the day. it is a cold front. colder air. strong winds, particularly gusty in the north and west of scotland. they are blowing in some blustery showers across not just in blowing in some blustery showers across notjust in scotland, but into northern ireland. a few north west wales and north—west england. some of those will be wintry. the snow level coming down as we go through the day. by the end of the afternoon it will be about 300 metres. as we head through the evening and overnight we say goodbye to this rain. clear skies behind. they will be a lot of snow showers coming in, particularly across scotland. higher ground at the west of scotland, ten centimetres of lying snow. at lower levels, possibly two centimetres. there would be frost and the risk of ice. you can see a green shaded area. that is because more cloud and rain is coming in across england and wales. in the brecon beacons and the shropshire hills we can see some wintriness as well. if we pick that up wintriness as well. if we pick that up tomorrow, this band of rain,
strong winds through the english channel, is moving northwards through the day. later we could see some snow on the hills in north—west wales and north—west england. still some snow showers coming in across western scotland, a few showers in northern ireland. not as frequent as today. these are the maximum temperatures. three degrees in stornoway, seven in london. dan and nag. carol, thank you. see you later. i quite like it wintry, cold, crisp winter's day. if it is going to be wintry, let it be winter properly. i think a dog walk on a cool chris day is beautiful. i am off for a walk this afternoon. i think you will need one after this morning's programme. there is a lot happening. if you live in england you are waking up to new restrictions.
in tier 1, which currently only applies to cornwall, the isles of scilly and the isle of wight, up to six people can meet indoors or outdoors, and pubs and restaurants can re—open. if you're now in tier 2, that covers more than 32 million people — you're not allowed to mix with anyone indoors unless you are in a support bubble. pubs and restaurants can reopen, but alcohol can only be served with a substantial meal. more than 23 million people living in large parts of the midlands, north east and north west, as well as kent, are now in tier 3. this means no mixing with other households — indoors or outdoors — and hospitality venues will stay closed except for takeaway. so people all over england are facing different restrictions. but as breakfast‘s graham satchell reports, many are still uncertain about what it all means for them. in her back garden in newton—le—willows on merseyside, jen is getting things ready. from today, she is allowed to see friends again outside for the first time in months. coming out of tier 3,
i feel like it's just great for just the community. we feel like we can go to the restaurants, support our local businesses again, but still, in reality, we can't actually do that much more. hi, mum, you 0k? yes, i'm fine, you all right? have the kids come to school? the kids are off to school, yeah. jen is now in tier 2. her mum five miles away in wigan is in tier 3. there are in a bubble, but listen to the uncertainties. i don't know how it works with bubbles because i know you can come here to help me look after the children, but does that mean we can go out and... do things together? it's a bit difficult, isn't it? because i'm in tier 3 and you're in tier 2, technically, i don't know whether i can actually go out with you because i'm in your bubble. but in tier 3, i'm not supposed to. it's so confusing. i kind of feel like i don't really know where at the moment. what we can and can't do
in the house, outside the house, if we are outside the house, do we still need to stay to meet as or does it change to one metre or one and a half metres? i don't know, really, i can't keep up. it feels complicated, rather than unfair. so it feels unfairly complicated. we are just a bit obsessed with christmas, really. it is my favourite time of the year, and decided that regardless of it, decorations can still go up, people can still see them and it cheers us up a bit, so, they're there. adele's pub in south devon couldn't look more festive. like liverpool, devon is also in tier 2, but because she doesn't do food or more accurately substantial meals, adele can't open. a debate in recent days, what is a substantial meal? does a scotch egg count? i'm getting so angry about the whole scotch egg debate! it's irrelevant.
if it's a safe environment, it's safe. if it's not, it's not. i think there is more important things to be looking at than what's on the plate. pubs are going to close because of it. and there doesn't seem to be a whole lot yet that's in place to sort of support that from not happening. phone rings. hello, white hart? across the border in cornwall, amy is busy taking orders. yes, what date was it? cornwall, the only place in mainland england to be in tier 1. it means you can go to the pub just for a drink. but here, there is anxiety about people coming over the border. i have already had phone calls from people in plymouth, asking us what our opening times are because they want to come overfor a drink. i just don't think it's right for us to be asking people for their passport or their drivers licence.
amy can see devon from her pub window. the river tamar makes the border. officially, you can't travel from tiers two or three into tier 1 just for a drink. police here say they'll have cars on patrol to deal with covid related matters. i've heard a lot of banter about, you know, having pitchforks at the ready at the tamar bridge, blowing it up. and i've heard loads of things like that. you don't have a pitchfork, do you, amy? no, i don't have a pitchfork! but there is a lot of people here that do! but, no, it's only a bit of banter. but they are so, they love cornwall and they want to protect it. they want to stay in tier 1. it's a joke, of course, but as england comes out of lockdown and into different tiers, on the ground, there is anxiety, uncertainty, confusion. graham satchell, bbc news. 23 minutes past seven. we are going
to keep you updated on how the tier system works. a reminder of our main news this morning. the first coronavirus vaccine has been approved for use in the uk by the medicines and healthca re products regulatory agency. it's been manufactured by us pharmaceutical company pfizer and their partner — biontech. data released last month showed it was 95—percent effective. the uk has 10—million doses available by the end of the year — that's enough to vaccinate 5—million people, with another 30—million ordered. reports suggest vaccinations could begin in the coming days. reports suggest the vaccinations could start in the coming days. we have spoken to nhs england. they are ready to roll this out in england next week. we are going to be talking to the health secretary,
matt hancock, at about half past seven. we will talk to him about how it would be rolled out, where it will be stored... it needs to be stored at —70, —80 degrees. 0ne will be stored... it needs to be stored at —70, —80 degrees. one of the conversations we have been having in recent weeks is whether there is the infrastructure to store this in gp surgeries and hospitals. we will get all of that with the health secretary. let's speak to professor peter 0penshaw from imperial college london. good morning. i know it is a busy old morning. i know it is a busy old morning. give us an idea. the news for those switching on that this pfizer biontech vaccine has been authorised for use in the uk perhaps as early as next week. what is your response to that? i think it's brilliant news. there has been no short cut in terms of the regulatory processes that this has gone through. and i think it's great that we are able to move so fast. and also, that the nhs has been able to get itself ready to start delivering
these vaccines into those who need it, so quickly. it has been a massive success that we have been able to develop this vaccine and that it able to develop this vaccine and thatitis able to develop this vaccine and that it is going to be made available so quickly. we will be speaking to the health secretary shortly. he has tweeted saying that help is on its way. are you at all concerned about the fact this process , concerned about the fact this process, which would normally take ten years, has actually happened in ten years, has actually happened in ten months? the fact it has been formally approved, does that put aside any concerns about whether it is going to be entirely effective? no, not at all. i think the nhra, it isa no, not at all. i think the nhra, it is a hugely respected body. they have been interacting with the people developing vaccines for it sometime. in order to be able to be ina sometime. in order to be able to be in a position to grant approval as soon as in a position to grant approval as soon as it is determined of the vaccine is safe and effective. this is such an extraordinary situation
that we have found ourselves in. and i think it's wonderful the nhra has been able to move so swiftly.” i think it's wonderful the nhra has been able to move so swiftly. i know it's hard to work out of the practical logistics of all of this, and you are reacting to something that only happened at seven o'clock this morning. but give us an idea, if you can come of the difference this could make? we know there are only 10 million of these available. we will find out from the health secretary how many will come next week and at what point they will be rolled out with more to follow. obviously other vaccines to come, we anticipate, in the coming days and weeks. what sort of difference will it make to the way we treat and deal with the virus? so, the vaccine roll—out will be in stages. the initial targets for vaccinations are going to be people at highest risk and also greatest risk of transmitting the virus. the numbers are relatively small. it is not until we work away through the groups towards the mass delivery
that you get into very large numbers. if we are going to import the vaccine from belgium within the next few days, then we will be at the front of the queue internationally in terms of being able to deliver this vaccine, which is, we have to appreciate, not one thatis is, we have to appreciate, not one that is easy to deliver globally because of the necessary cold chain. but it is something that can be rolled out relatively fast in a country like ours. that is good news. peter openshaw, professor peter openshaw, thank you very much for that this morning. appreciate responding to that news which broke at seven o'clock this morning. it is on your screen. at seven o'clock this morning. it is on your screen. the coronavirus vaccine, the pfizer and the biontech one which has been developed largely in america, has been formally approved for use in the uk. by the nhra, the uk regulatory authority.
we know the uk has ordered around 40 million doses, that is 20 million people that could be vaccinated because it is a two jab or vaccine. time now to get the news, travel and weather where you are. good morning, i'm sonja jessup. so london returns to tier 2 covid restrictions today following the second national lockdown. non—essential shops and businesses like hairdressers can now reopen. the mayor is urging londoners to support them in the run up to christmas but to also follow the rules. of course some areas just outside the capital, such as slough, are in the higher tier 3. meanwhile, wycombe will become one of the first football league clubs since march to play in front of some fans tonight. around 1,000 wycombe supporters will be there for the match against stoke, the first time they have ever seen their team play in the championship following promotion in the summer.
it's such an achievement in wycombe's history. it's the biggest thing that's happened to us as a club. i was born in wycombe, i've grown up in wycombe. it's meant everything to us. i cried when we got promoted and stuff. and it would just be absolutely amazing to get back there. the police federation says almost half of met officers say they weren't given adequate personal protective equipment during the pandemic. it called its survey "a cry for help", saying they'd been put under significant pressure, particularly as they enforced constantly changing covid rules. the national police chiefs' council said there was "no issue" with supply of ppe and that the wellbeing of officers is a "priority". let's take a look at the travel situation now. we've had lots of problems on the tube this morning. this is how it currently looks. the district line has severe delays due to overrunning engineering work. the 0verground isn't running between surrey quays to new cross as there's a faulty train. and tfl rail has some minor delays between paddington and hayes & harlington due to power problems.
greater anglia trains also have delays of up to half an hour via stratford due to overunnning engineering work. a quick look at the a13, this is the traffic heading ito central london through dagenham, starting to build there. and in harlesden, craven park road is closed because of a burst water main. time for the weather now, here's elizabeth rizzini. hello, good morning. it's a cold and frosty start to the day across the capital today, temperatures very close to freezing. but there is a bit of early brightness and sunshine, it's not going to last for too long, longest towards eastern areas. because there's more cloud moving in from the west and the cloud is likely to thicken again as we head through the afternoon. it should stay dry for most of the day, butjust feeling very chilly. highs of only six or seven celsius and there will be some outbreaks of light patchy rain and drizzle, just as we head towards sunset and into the first part of the evening. that is a cold front coming through, won't amount to very much. it's certainly a lot cloudier
tonight than it was last night so temperatures won't drop quite so low, largely frost free into the start of the day tomorrow. so tomorrow, outbreaks of rain on and off through the day tomorrow, it's also going to turn a little windy as well. and it will feel chilly again on thursday, with even lower temperatures. watch out for a little bit of wintriness particularly over the higher ground on thursday night into friday morning. i'll be back in an hour. do take a look at our facebook and instagram too. now it's back to dan and naga. hello, this is breakfast with dan walker and naga munchetty. a reminder of our main news this morning. the first coronavirus vaccine has been approved for use in the uk by the medicines and healthca re products regulatory agency. let's talk to the health
secretary, matt hancock. he isjoining us live. a significant smile on yourface he isjoining us live. a significant smile on your face this morning, took us through this news and what it means to people in the uk this morning. 2020 has been such a terrible year, hasn't it? help is on its way. and this news for so long we have been saying that if vaccine is developed, then things will get better in now we can say, when this vaccine is rolled out, things will get better. and we will start that process next week. i am obviously absolutely thrilled with the news. i'm very proud that the uk is the first place in the world to have a clinically authorised vaccine ready to go. huge thanks to the scientists, to pfizer, the company, obviously to my team and kate bingham and alok sharma the business secretary who has a huge amount of work on this. what it means for
people is that from next week, we will be able to start rolling this out, starting with people most vulnerable to coronavirus, you need two jabs, 21 days apart, and then after that we will start protecting people as the protection comes with these two jabs. and it will help save lives and then once we have started to protect the most vulnerable, it will help us all get back to normal and back to all the things you love.. , go to some of the numbers? i'm sure people will be —— can we go through some of the numbers? that initial order of 10 million which is enough to vaccinate 5 million people, how many will arrive next week? next week, 800,000. we will then display it at
the speed it is manufactured and thatis the speed it is manufactured and that is being done by pfizer in belgium and that will determine the speed we can roll it out. even if we get something before christmas, we have already said, we would have the bulk of the roll—out in the new year and that is what will happen in this case. as you said earlier, we have 40 million doses on order of this vaccine, and the other early vaccine astrazeneca vaccine is currently being assessed by the mhra. so the goal will be to vaccinate through the nhs, right across the uk, as rapidly as the company can manufacture. i know we have got you for about ten minutes and there are so for about ten minutes and there are so many questions, we are going to try and get as much information as
possible from you. on that 800,000 arriving next week, who will be on the list to get the first batch? the joint committee on vaccinations and immunisations, a long title but they are clinical advisers who advise on that prioritisation. it is according to clinical need. the goal is to save as many lives as possible and stop hospitalisations. so it will start with the most elderly and with people in care homes, and of course their carers, to make sure that others don't catch it. and then essentially, it comes down the age range, nhs staff are also high on the priority list. and also the clinically extremely vulnerable who we have supported throughout this crisis, those who are particularly vulnerable to coronavirus. the details of that will be set out mid—morning by the jc details of that will be set out mid—morning by thejc vi, and the regulators will be setting out the
details of the clinical trials and why they felt able to approve this vaccine. that will happen later this morning and the full prioritisation will be set out. and then the vaccine will be rolled out from next week. ok, so 800,000 next week. is it your understanding, mr hancock, that all 10 million of those being manufactured in belgium will arrive before christmas, or is it going to before christmas, or is it going to bea before christmas, or is it going to be a longer process? no, the timing will be determined by how rapidly they can be manufactured. so the numbers, we have not put a figure on the numbers before christmas. but what we do know is that if we can get started next week with that first load, then several millions will be coming throughout december. people will get, be contacted by the nhs when it is their turn, and i
urge you very strongly to come forward. because obviously that being vaccinated is good for you, it is approved as clinically safe by the regulator, and it's good for your community as well to help keep... keep this virus under control. we spoke to you a couple of weeks ago when this was announced and we talked about the huge logistical task that was going to be set before not just logistical task that was going to be set before notjust this country but countries all over the world as we try to vaccinate. can you give our viewers an idea how exactly it will work? we know it needs to be stored at -70, work? we know it needs to be stored at —70, so where will this be taking place? are we looking at specific areas, like maybe there nightingale hospitals, gp surgeries, how will it work? there are three modes of delivery for this vaccine, right across the uk and this morning i spoke to my devolved colleagues because the nhs is devolved in wales
and scotland and northern ireland. we are doing this on a uk basis right across the whole uk, at the same time. and there are three modes of delivery. the first is hospitals themselves, and of course, most hospitals have the facilities to store something at —70, and they are used to dealing with vaccines and drugs that have these characteristics. the second is that we will set up vaccination centres, big centre is a bit like the nightingale project and including some of the nightingales, and we will set them up across the country. and then the third is a community model, with the support of gps and pharmacists, and others, to be able to get out to people where they are. now, because of the —70 conditions of this vaccine, that third model is
harder because obviously you have to go to places that have got the facilities that can safely store the vaccine while it is waiting to be injected. the astrazeneca vaccine which does not have the —70 requirement is better suited to the community model. nevertheless, we will be using these three models. hospitals, vaccination centres and community roll—out, in order to reach people, all guided by the clinical priority and the prioritisation that will be set out later today. you mentioned a couple of those other vaccines. it would be really helpful, can you give us any idea of the timescale for those? we know that the 7 million doses of the moderna vaccine, that went for assessment of the day after the pfizer vaccine, and what about the astrazeneca vaccine, where are we on
the timescale of that? the moderna vaccine is only being manufactured for delivery in april, that is still some time off. we have 7 million of that one on order. that is for april. the other early vaccine is the oxford university astrazeneca vaccine, that is currently with the mhra, who are assessing the detailed data from those clinical trials in the same way they have just assessed and authorised the pfizer vaccine. the astrazeneca 0xford vaccine has a number of advantages, it does not require the —70 storage conditions, and we have 100 million on order. so the timing of when we might hear on thatis the timing of when we might hear on that is entirely in the hands of the regulator. i rightly cannot affect that and i don't know that timing, because they have to take all the time that they need. they are
moving, they have been absolutely brilliant through this and we should pay tribute to the regulator, it's not often that regulators get a shout out for doing great work. they have to take the time that they need to assess whether they can authorise that vaccine in the same way that they can take the time to authorise this pfizer biontech vaccine this morning. i'm sure you will be aware that people are listening this morning and thinking it is a game changer, some people saying, it is normally ten years, this has taken ten months, i'm not sure about this. how do you persuade people, notjust in the first batch but in the next few weeks and months, to make sure that this vaccine is something they do have and can be used for the safety of not only themselves but eve ryo ne safety of not only themselves but everyone else? it's true that for a vaccine to be authorised by the regulator, it must be clinically
safe. the best way of putting it is, it protects you from the disease, and getting this disease is terrible, and can be fatal. and the regulator would not have approved it u nless regulator would not have approved it unless they felt that it was safe, having looked at the data. this one has been in trials with 43,000 people, half of whom have had the vaccine. the other thing that i would say, though, is, don'tjust listen to me. listen to the doctors, listen to me. listen to the doctors, listen to me. listen to the doctors, listen to the nurses, listen to professorjonathan listen to the nurses, listen to professor jonathan van tam, listen to the nurses, listen to professorjonathan van tam, who is a deputy chief medical officer who is responsible for this programme. as he put it, he phoned up his mum and said, mum, if you get the call from the nhs go and get vaccinated, because it can protect you from this virus. so it is absolutely right that we should listen to those
expert voices, those who have been involved in this programme, and listen to the independent regulator. they have done the cheque, —— done the checks, and they know that this is safe and ready to the clinical standards, high clinical standards they require. finally, i know this might bea they require. finally, i know this might be a tough one to answer. we heard you speaking powerfully about the loss of your step grandfather, and please accept our condolences for the loss of a family member for you and your family. people watching this this morning, they will be thinking, when can we stop worrying about our elderly relatives and went on his get back to normal? has this news today reduced that timescale of normality can go back to normal? so many families have suffered, including my own. i'm just so, so
please that 2020 —— pleased... 2020 has been just awful and 2021 will be better, and help is on its way with this vaccine. we can now say that with certainty rather than all the caveats that i normally have to put around that. this will take time to roll out. you have to have the 21 daysin roll out. you have to have the 21 days in between the jabs anyway, and we have to get this rolled out at the speed at which it can be manufactured. i'm confident now with the news today that from spring, easter onwards, things are going to be better and we are going to be having a summer next year that everybody can enjoy. between now and then, we have got to hold our resolve. we passed the new tiering arrangements through the commons with a big majority last night.
people should not disobey the law, obviously they should do that, but let's all respect the restrictions that we have to live our lives in for nowt to save our lives, to protect the nhs —— for now, to save our lives, protect the nhs this winter, confident and knowing that help is on its way and the dawn is just there on the horizon. let's get through this together, it will be a tough winter, we have to get this rolled out, manufactured in large scale, but we all know that if we stick at it, then we will be through it, the difficult winter, and from spring onwards, things are going to get better. appreciate your time, health secretary, thank you. thank you very much. i was taking copious notes through that interview, lots of information coming out. the pfizer biontech vaccine has been authorised, it
involves two injections 2! days apart, so if you think about how quickly it will get out, 800,000 of those vaccines will be delivered next week. that is what the health secretary matt hancock has said. they will be deployed generally, they have ordered 10 million so far, 40 million in total, and we will get them depending on the speed it is being manufactured by pfizer. dependent on that, and when it comes to storage, it is being stored at -70 to storage, it is being stored at —70 degrees. he says there will be three modes of delivery, the first, hospitals, they have the facilities for storing it at —70. then vaccination centres, then you are looking at gps and pharmacists to get them out to people who cannot get them out to people who cannot get to hospitals or gps. that is why the government is relying more on the government is relying more on the astrazeneca vaccine, that's more suited to that model because it does not need the storage level. ended on an optimistic note. he said next
summer... summer, an optimistic note. he said next summer. . . summer, we can an optimistic note. he said next summer... summer, we can enjoy, from easter onwards, things will get better. we will keep you updated. we can speak to epidemiologist, professor sian griffiths. how do you feel about hearing this? it's really good news. we have been waiting to hear that the vaccines are safe so that we could start the roll—out programme, and today we have had the first vaccine coming out of the box. it is fantastic news and we can breathe a collective sigh of relief that the of relief that and and we can breathe a collective sigh of relief that and hra found it safe and we can start to use it amongst the most vulnerable groups. matt hancock said we can look forward to a better 2021. can we talk about the vaccines that have been trialled? we understand the efficacy of this one is 95%. we also have the astrazeneca
0xford one d'you which does not need to be stored at —70, we are also waiting for the moderna one which matt hancock made clear will not be available until april. we know that some of them have been put through for approval with the ema, and the mhr eight has approved the pfizer vaccine. —— m hra. how quickly should we expect the approvals to happen? i think the approval has to be done dependent on information provided to the regulators, and we heard last week that the astrazeneca and oxford data had been submitted as had the moderna so the emma —— so the regulator has to work pretty ha rd the regulator has to work pretty hard on the data. we don't want to hurry the process because we don't
wa nt to hurry the process because we don't want to have the vaccine rushed through and finding a problem. i'm assuming because of the urgency...” think they are hurrying...” assuming because of the urgency...” think they are hurrying... i think there are very specific things they know the regular will be asking. there is a regulatory framework and they ask for all the research and a huge amount of data, and every group that produces a vaccine, because there are not just that produces a vaccine, because there are notjust three vaccines, other ones have been coming along and will be coming along during 2020. any group that produces a vaccine has to submit a huge bunch of data for the regulator to feel satisfied it is safe. that includes the stage three clinical trials which have been ongoing and we have been hearing about during the last six weeks or so. i think it is fantastic news that the mhra are
happy with this roll—out and the manufacturing is taking place at scale by pfizer. we had matt hancock saying that he hoped it would be here next week for the most vulnerable groups and we will be hearing from thej cbi about what the priority order will be. it is the priority order will be. it is the fact that it has to be kept to the fact that it has to be kept to the cult amateur which limits the logistics. —— cold temperature which limits the logistics. it is hopeful and things were going on the right direction. so next week, 800,000 of these pfizer biontech vaccines will be delivered. the priority will be given to those with the greatest clinical need and as you said, there are more details to come out today
from the jcvi are more details to come out today from thejcvi and the mhra. we asked matt hancock, what about those wondering why they should take the vaccine? he said for it to be authorised by the regulator, it must be clinically safe. that is a fact for all medicines. he said, don't just listen to me, listen to jonathan dan time, listen to doctors, is on others. —— jonathan van tam. listen to others. are you concerned about the take—up? when there is talk about a vaccine, there is always talk about its efficacy. the work on the vaccine does not stop here. as it is rolled out, there will be careful monitoring of there will be careful monitoring of the effect of the vaccine, any side—effects will be recorded and there is a yellow card system which exists for all vaccines. all side—effects will be recorded. any adverse effects will be reported and people will be really careful if there is any effect, even at the
injection site, how does it feel, does it feel different from the flu vaccine which we should all be taking? 0ver vaccine which we should all be taking? overtime we will gain confidence. i would encourage people, particularly those who are vulnerable, to come forward for the vaccine. as jonathan van vulnerable, to come forward for the vaccine. asjonathan van tam has said, he told his mum to go and get it, i have told my mum to going at it, i have told my mum to going at it, she is 92. i think it —— go and get it. i think it gives a sense of protection for people who are particularly vulnerable. as we work through the population we will get more confident with the vaccine. we have had vaccines rolled out over the years. every year the flu vaccine is slightly different to the last one because it had to immunise us last one because it had to immunise us against this current strains that going around. we should just see this as one of the routine vaccines which will get us out and axing our friends and families. but don't rush
out now, —— and seeing our friends and family. don't rush out now, because we need to have enough people vaccinated in the population to protect us from this horrible disease. thank you very much a talking to so early. what did she say? she said, you got me up. or maybe, you didn't get me up! either way, sorry! so that if the breaking news, the pfizer biontech vaccine will be rolled out next week. 800,000 doses will be arriving next week and then more as it is produced by pfizer in belgium. so it depends on how it is produced before it comes back here. 0ne produced before it comes back here. one of the changes coming into force in england today, coming up.
fans will return to english football league grounds today as several clubs re—open to limited numbers of spectators under the new tier system. but the match—day experience will be very different. kat's at the home of charlton athletic football club. charlton is in tier 2? they are, they are in the capital, south east london, tier 2. this is the tunnel at the valley where the players come out of the dressing room and for the first time since march, they will run out onto the pitch to the roar of 2000 fans. might not sound like much, they normally get 18,500 in the stands here but they will be making themselves heard. it will be a very one—sided role as the players come onto the pitch because only home fans are allowed in the stadium, no travelling fans aloud. they will be sitting in the stands all the way around the valley. 0n three sides, there will be surround sound on the pitch for the players. they will be sitting spaced out in the seats, i'm not allowed to go to the seats, i'm not allowed to go to the seats, i'm not allowed to go to the seat themselves because they
have been specially cleaned to welcome those fans tonight. a similar picture across the country for clu bs similar picture across the country for clubs big and small. across london, preparations under way at the spurs home ground for the north london derby and harry kane has been talking about how exciting and important it is to get fans back in the ground. obviously the fans, especially when you're at home, are there to give you that boost, give you that energy. so yeah, i guess now we are used to it, it will be pretty strange seeing fans back in the stadium now. so we're looking forward to that for sure. miss them, miss them a lot. obviously it's great that we've been doing well since, but for sure, we know fans give us that extra boost in important games and obviously try and help us get over the line. huge anticipation at clubs, whether you are premier league or a league run like charlton athletic. let's talk to their commercial director
wayne mumford. thank you for getting up wayne mumford. thank you for getting up early and shivering with us on the touchline. fans are back, harry kane is excited and a similar sense here? we can't wait, 2000 fans back in london could have 2000 fans so we are very in london could have 2000 fans so we are very excited. lisboa is very excited, the players are excited, they have not —— lee bell. the fans are going to be here and the players might getan are going to be here and the players might get an extra 10% out of it. how much of a headache has it been to get this operation under way? it has been fairly short notice that you learned you can get the fans in so you learned you can get the fans in so you have not had long to prepare. not at all. we have a big problem, a lot of our fans are from kent. they are tier 3. so we had to tell them first that they could not come. then it is about which of our fans can come. we told the 17—year—olds, anybody above 70, they had to opt
out or in a. we then went through that process and if we then did a ballot with the season—ticket holder holders so fans were disappointed. we have got there and 2000 people are coming here tonight, now it is about getting them here safely, seated safely, listening to all the rules and enjoying the game. you will have 2000 fans back, spaced out and temperature checks, all of the safety protocols are in place. it must have had a financial impact. is it worth opening the doors? football is about fans, we have got to get them. this is the first step to getting the capacity crowds in. we have a new owner, the owner has not seen a have a new owner, the owner has not seen a capacity crowd here. we have to get the crowds back. football is about fans. i spoke to two football clu bs about fans. i spoke to two football clubs yesterday, one of them with liverpool, and we spoke about the process , liverpool, and we spoke about the process, how they are managing the games for the weekend. at the end of
the call, i said, we got the call on friday for a game on wednesday, and there was a silence, and they said, you have done this in four days? the ticket office, the staff, the ops team, they'll need a pat on back. it isa team, they'll need a pat on back. it is a challenge that we have their and we have 2000 fans tonight.” is a challenge that we have their and we have 2000 fans tonight. i can sense the anticipation, a big occasion and it could be a huge batch here. charlton are currently fourth in league 1, they play mk dons tonight and could go second in the table if they win. they are hoping for plenty of goals at the valley for the fans to cheer. they are allowed to celebrate and shout and sing, as long as they keep their facemasks on. good to know. nice to see what is happening at charlton today. we have the headlines coming your way in a couple of minutes.
good morning, welcome to breakfast with dan walker and naga munchetty. 0ur headlines today... the uk becomes the first country in the world to approve a coronavirus vaccine for widespread use. the firstjabs will be deployed to the most vulnerable next week, with a widespread roll—out in the new year. it will help save lives and then, once we've started protecting the most vulnerable, it will help us all get back to normal and back to all the things that we love. this is going to be an amazing logistic exercise to get to the population vaccinated. i think we
are at the very beginning but it's a very hopeful beginning and things are going definitely in the right direction. good morning, the tier systems are back, nonessential retail has reopened and they are ready to shop around the clock in primark but it's around the clock in primark but it's a different story in debenhams. the latest on an extraordinary week in retail. people with relatives in care homes in england will be allowed to see them indoors from today, but they must have a negative test and take the necessary precautions. the stands may be empty for now but fa ns the stands may be empty for now but fans will be back later in limited numbers and only at a few grams across the country. i'm at charlton athletic on the day that spectators make their much—awaited return to english football. for many of us the next few days will turn colder, rein in the forecast, and even some snow, most of it in the hills but some of us
will see it at lower levels. i will have the details in about ten minutes. it's wednesday the 2nd of december. our top story... the first coronavirus vaccine has been approved for use in the uk by the medicines and healthca re products regulatory agency. it's been manufactured by us pharmaceutical company pfizer and their partner, biontech. data released last month showed it was 95% effective. the uk has 10 million doses available by the end of the year — that's enough to vaccinate 5 million people, with another 30 million ordered. around 800,000 are expected next week. in the last half an hour, the health secretary matt hancock said vaccinations will begin next week. 2020 has been such a terrible year, hasn't it, and help is on its way. and this news, for so long we've been saying that if a vaccine
is developed then things will get better in 2021, and now we can say when this vaccine is rolled out, things will get better, we will start that process next week. i'm obviously absolutely thrilled with the news and very proud that the uk is the first place in the world to have a clinically authorised vaccine ready to go. huge thanks to the scientists, to pfizer, the company. obviously to my team and kate bingham, and alok sharma, the business secretary, who has done a huge amount of work on this. what it means for people is that from next week we'll be able to start rolling this out. we'll start with those who are most vulnerable to coronavirus, and you need two jabs, 21 days apart. and after that we will start protecting people as the protection comes with these two jabs, and it will help save lives,
and then, once we've started protecting the most vulnerable, it will help us all get back to normal and back to all the things that we love. earlier, our health editor hugh pym told us why the vaccine's approval is so significant. this is the key next step, getting approved by the british regulator, the mhra, for use, emergencies, if you like, and that paves the way for it to be distributed as quickly as possible around initially nhs in the uk, because the government has now got the green light to get it out there. so it's a very significant and exciting moment. the mhra is the first regulator in any leading, industrialised economy to give it the all clear. the european regulator, the ema hasn't started
looking at it but will very soon, and sold the american regulator. it means within days, possibly next week, hospitals will get the first doses and be able to provide them, administer them to staff initially, we understand, and then others after that, so it's a really important moment, this, and we will learn in the next few days how it will be rolled out. that was hugh pym, our medical editor, speaking earlier. let's get the latest from our political correspondent iain watson, who is in westminster for us this morning. good morning, no doubt you were expecting to talk about what happened in the commons last night, with a number of conservative rebels going against the government, so you can touch on that but also the vaccine uses grabbing the headlines this morning. absolutely, and politically it came at a good time for boris politically it came at a good time for bori5johnson because we are not talking so much about his troubles with his own backbenchers. major news for the uk, the first country to effectively approve the vaccine
from pfizer, and those vaccinations starting next week. boris from pfizer, and those vaccinations starting next week. bori5johnson has used many, many metaphors when talking about trying to give people some hope for the future. he said the cavalry was on its way, but we weren't yet over the top of a hill. we have had the first approval, we do not know what will happen yet for the astrazeneca 0xford vaccine, but it seems to work on the same principle as the pfizer vaccine that has been approved, so there is hope further doses will be on the way. we got that good news this morning but the tough logistical challenge begins and that is a political challenge for the government to make sure the right people are vaccinated in the right order and the roll—out ta kes pla ce in the right order and the roll—out takes place as smoothly as possible. matt hancock, the health secretary, talking about vaccination centres being set up. although we would like to have community distribution through pharmacists and gps, the vaccine has to be stored at —70, it looks likely to be given any
hospital setting initially. but it looks like the other vaccines are on the way. the bulk of the roll—out will not be until next year because people need two doses, 21 days apart, but i think politically, for the government, given the restlessness in the house of commons with ten former cabinet ministers rebelling over new restrictions coming into force in england today, the three tiers of restrictions, boris the three tiers of restrictions, bori5johnson the three tiers of restrictions, boris johnson can at the three tiers of restrictions, bori5johnson can at least the three tiers of restrictions, boris johnson can at least say to mp5, there is hope for the future, please be patient, you might be under restrictions you don't like the time being but at least there is a feeling that this will be short lived and by easter things might get a bit closer to normal, so very good news for him politically and all of us news for him politically and all of us medically. iain watson, thank you. if you miss the detail from the health secretary earlier, he said 800,000 pfizer vaccines will arrive next week, and in terms of the rest of the 10 million ordered initially, and 40 million in total, it will all depend on how quickly pfizer can
produce that from their plant in belgium. the deployment is all at the speed it is being manufactured so the speed it is being manufactured so the uk is beholden to that. lots of detail coming through and we will disseminate that to you, speaking to virologists, epidemiologists, experts, to explain what it means, and speak about the roll—out as well. england has returned to a tiered system of coronavirus restrictions, after the national lockdown ended at midnight. more than 55 million people are living in the strictest two tiers, where mixing with other households indoors is banned. the measures were voted in by parliament yesterday, despite the prime minister suffering the biggest rebellion by his own mp5 since coming into office. it is understood 55 voted against the measures. people with relatives in care homes in england will be allowed to see them indoors from today. the government is distributing more than a million rapid tests so that families returning negative results can
be cleared to visit, as long as they take the necessary precautions. just a caveat to that story, they are allowed from today but there are still questions about whether they have the right tests in place, whether the people employed to do those are qualified, and the efficacy of those tests as well, so we will talk about that and examine that through the morning. and there is lots of whether to discuss as well, because, as your picture tells us, it's a touch chilly out there in parts. you can say that again, temperature is at —2 in scotland and parts of england. bridges are due to get colder as well tonight, with some snow, most of it in the hills but we will see bursts at lower levels. a bright start in the south—east under clear skies but cloud and rain will sink south and east during the day. behind it, sunshine and showers. the
showers are blustery. the strongest wind over the far north—west of scotland. with cold air cutting in, increasingly the snow level in scotla nd increasingly the snow level in scotland will come down and by the end of the afternoon probably to 300 metres. through this evening and overnight we say goodbye to the cloud and rain with some clear skies but still blustery showers piling in. by the end of the night we could have ten centimetres of lying snow on the hills of scotland and potentially two centimetres in some parts of the west. we have a lot of cloud and rain coming in across parts of england and wales, and that could produce some hill snow in the brecon beacons and also the shropshire hills. the risk of ice and frost, especially in the north. tomorrow, cloud and rain moving east and north with strong wind through the english channel and dover strait. north of that, if you showers around. still the potential across north—west parts of scotland
and northern for those to be wintry eight and and northern for those to be wintry eightand in and northern for those to be wintry eight and in heavy bursts, even at low levels. by the end of the afternoon, snow in the hills of north—west wales and north—west england. and the temperatures, wherever you are it will feel cold and will do for the ensuing days. it is chilly, but that's what winter is supposed to be! we are not blaming you, carol! i am! no change there. let's get more on the breaking news this morning that a covid—19 vaccine from pfizer and biontech has been approved by regulators for use in the uk. the uk is the first country to approve a vaccine against covid—19. joining us now from cambridge is the virologist dr chris smith,
and professor of global health, devi sridhar, is in edinburgh. thank you to both of you forjoining us thank you to both of you forjoining us this morning. we have seen a lot of you in the last few weeks and months on this programme talking about various developments and changes. how do you feel this morning about the news of the vaccine? it is great news, and a triumph, for science, really. vaccine? it is great news, and a triumph, forscience, really. it's amazing what we, the royal week, have done in ten months what would normally be done in ten years, moving us to a position where we have never made a vaccine against the virus we never knew existed, to potentially having a vaccine that are going to be this and hopefully get us back to normal. it is great news. that is the feeling a lot of people are coming away with this morning. what we need to be clear with, i think, morning. what we need to be clear with, ithink, is morning. what we need to be clear with, i think, is about ten prints, i suppose. 0ne with, i think, is about ten prints, i suppose. one thing that has been made very clear, even if you get the vaccine, say you get it next week,
and there are 800,000 vaccine doses expected to be delivered, there are still 21 days between taking that and the second vaccine, so this is not an excuse to just say, i've got it, i'm out and not an excuse to just say, i've got it, i'm outand i'm not an excuse to just say, i've got it, i'm out and i'm free. definitely. i think this might also make people rethink christmas and holiday plans. because we are going to get through this in the next few months but it will take those months of time. in the meantime, we need to buy time through distancing measures, being cautious and restrictions to allow the vaccine to be delivered in enough doses to an offer of the population and this will take months. the gradual easing of restrictions is what we are likely to see, instead of a life going back from one day to the next. 0ne going back from one day to the next. one thing we were told by the prime minister, by aprilforth he expects a significant role backed in restrictions, is close to normal as possible. health secretary matt carin koch was on, and he says that from spring, easter onwards, things will be better, and in the summer
things will be back to normal. is that too optimistic? —— health secretary matt hancock was on. there are other vaccines in the pipeline as well. then we will be entering the warmer months, and we know the vaccine transmits less outdoors and in warmer days. i think it all means we will be in a strong position next summer we will be in a strong position next summerand we will be in a strong position next summer and that's what people need to look forward to. in terms of the other vaccines, we were talking to the health secretary about that as well. the moderna vaccine is in the process of being approved. 0ne detail with the pfizer vaccine is that it needs to be stored at —70. 0ne positive from the astrazeneca vaccine is that it could be the game changer in terms of deliverability.
the government also have their largest order with astrazeneca, 100 million doses, and it could be, depending on how trials go, because we have had slight uncertainty about the best dosing regimen, it could treat 50 million, or even 66 million people. it is good we have lots of options, is the best way of looking at this, but it is certainly not game over yet. as you say, at the moment we only have pfizer, who have received regulatory approval. the others are waiting in the wings but it is good to have that resilience and the fact there are options and choice. the fact there is plenty of capacity there means that by this time next year there ought to have been enough vaccine supply that we can protect as many people as would be actively seeking vaccination, and therefore hopefully we will not have this conversation, as much as i enjoy and love talking to you guys, we will not have this conversation next year. this time next year we will be around your house and quizzing you because we are addicted to it.
we are trying to get as much information to people in as clear a way as possible. 0ne information to people in as clear a way as possible. one thing that people will see is that the pfizer vaccine was put to the ema, the european equivalent of the nhra, on monday, and the approval has come from the mhra today and we note the moderna which won't be available until april was also put in for approval on tuesday. what is the difference in terms of approval with the ema and the mhra and should we care? people need to know the trial data has been going into the agencies on a rolling basis, so they have been evaluating this, notjust the final results, but the mid—term ones as well and based on the approval process, they think it is safe to roll out to the population. there is now what we call vaccine hesitancy, people are nervous
because of the speed of the process, is this safe, do i want to come forward for vaccination? these agencies take their cheques. scientists, my colleagues and i am sure chris feels the same way, we are willing to step up and had the vaccine when it is our turn. and as many political leaders who can show it is safe and this is a good way forward for this pandemic, the better it is to convince people it is notjust rush, it has been done are proper and approved process. i'm just making sure the mhra does not meet the ema to approve it? because it used to be both agencies use to work very together. i think because we are emergency situation, they have moved faster and the approval process is slightly different, but we are likely to see in the week more countries and the european agency approving these vaccines, but uk the has moved first this morning. chris, to come back to you and the point devi sridhar touched on, there will be people watching this with this morning and the health
secretary touch unless this morning, thinking, i don't want to go near this vaccine, i am worried it has been rushed through and this is one of the issues where social media can be unhelpful on a day like this. how do you answer those concerns this morning? just speaking to the previous point you are discussing as well, the mhra in this country is to run the regulations of all vaccines and medicines across the eu, it is only in the wake of brexit the two have had to devolve and the ema was set up and is now in the netherlands and the mhra continues to provide the services for the uk. so they are one and the same in terms of their approach, that is good. in terms of people because my approach to the vaccine and how they view this, i think this problem will solve itself and the first people to receive this vaccine will be those judged at highest risk of those caring for those at highest risk. those people have the most to gain from having the vaccine and the least arguably
to lose from having the vaccine. i think when people say it is rolled out and safely deployed into those groups of people, this will help to build confidence in the population and people will trust this more as time goes on, they will see it is working and the numbers are coming down, people are being protected and protected safely because the regulator won't approve this unless they think it is safe. as a result, that reassurance will help to increase and boost uptake in other sectors of society, but we live in a free society, the healthcare act of 1984 says we can't force people to have a vaccine or treatment, it is volu nta ry, have a vaccine or treatment, it is voluntary, and i am a great believer in giving people the right information and in the right way so they can make an informed choice and i think if we do that, the uptake will take care of itself. both of you, thank you so much for the information you have given us this morning, we have had that news in the last hour and 20 minutes. devi sridhar, thank you, doctor chris smith, this time next year, dan likes cake! i am savoury, just so
you know. in the nicest possible way, i hope we are not having any conversations with virologists and professors in a yea r‘s with virologists and professors in a year's time, but it has been lovely to speak to you this morning. take care. people in england are waking up to a new tiered system of regional restrictions this morning, after a month of lockdown. so, what do the new rules look like? well, non—essential shops, gyms and hairdressers can re—open across the country, in all tiers. in tier1 — the lowest level of restrictions — groups of up to six people are allowed to meet indoors or outdoors. pubs and restaurants can open, with last orders at 10pm and closing at 11pm. in tier 2, groups of up to six people can still meet outdoors, but not indoors, unless in a support bubble. 0r or it is your household. pubs can only re—open if they're
operating as a restaurant, and alcohol can only be served with a substantial meal. and in tier 3, the highest level of restrictions, this pubs and restaurants can only provide takeaways, and there's no mixing of households allowed — except in public outdoor spaces like parks, where up to six people can meet. shops in england can re—open from today. nina's at the trafford centre, in greater manchester, which is currently in tier 3. we are in the build—up to christmas are normally at this time of year, it is jam packed and i imagine with the doors opening today, what has been —— what has it been like today and what are the hopes? good morning, welcome to the trafford centre, if ever there was a glorious tribute to the day out shopping, it is this place. 0ne tribute to the day out shopping, it is this place. one of the many domes here of the trafford centre, 170 different retail units, 30 million visitors come here every year, or
they did until last year, the third biggest centre in the country. but like other nonessential retailers across england, they have been closed since november the 5th and opened again at midnight. primark had people queueing from half past five and it has been a very difficult time. diff went in wales, nonessential retail remains open and it is click and collect in northern ireland —— different in wales. in scotland, nonessential retail has closed except for those living in level. —— open. for every week retells close, £2 billion was lost. the opening today comes too late for some and we learned on monday night that arcadia and the brands it represents has collapsed, taking with it potentially 13,000 jobs across topshop, dorothy perkins, burton amongst others. and yesterday, we found out debenhams could not secure a buyer and 12,000
jobs we expect to go there. there is a debenhams unit across the way from here and people will be queueing their later expecting those closing down sales. a very difficult time for retail. but today, a big day because they have reopened, but of course because of the vaccine news this morning. let's speak to zoe, the centre manager. i have to ask you about that firstly, in the last hour and you about that firstly, in the last hourand a you about that firstly, in the last hour and a half, you about that firstly, in the last hourand a half, a you about that firstly, in the last hour and a half, a vaccine in the uk could be rolled out imminently, what will that mean to your industry? could be rolled out imminently, what will that mean to your industry7m is obvious the amazing news and just from my point of view, the holy grail. we have been waiting for this news for so long and once we get that vaccine, we can do more life as normal so we do welcome that. the safety measures we have in place at the moment to remain, but we do look forward to that day the vaccine comes. it will change everything from retail and commerce? it is the news we have been waiting for. looking at primark right now, we got here bright and early and there have been about 100 people in so far, is
that disappointing? it is what we expected, primark have opened exceptionally early, they were open at 7am. they have had a few hundred people already and we are trading tonight until ten o'clock so it is a long trading day for us. do you worry long term, we heard about debenhams and the arcadia group and some of your other units are empty already,, long—term some of your other units are empty already, , long—term committee worried the shift online will stick in the trafford centre will never be the same again? i don't think that at all, shopping habits have com pletely at all, shopping habits have completely changed, we have had a lot of successful businesses in the trafford centre. i am not able to talk about individual businesses. what would you say to somebody sitting at home worried about covid because we are in tier 3 in the midst of a pandemic, the vaccine is not rolled out yet, i don't know whether to take the chance and go to the trafford centre, what you say to reassure them? the teams have worked exceptionally hard during the later la cta m exceptionally hard during the later lactam period, we have lots of
safety measures in place. my key messages, plan your visit, safety measures in place. my key messages, plan yourvisit, plan safety measures in place. my key messages, plan your visit, plan your journey, check our social media because we are telling people the tier 3 restrictions on what you can do to keep safe and think about everybody else you are shopping with. how long will the recovery be from this year? the recovery for retail seems to be going into the lockdown, our sales were doing well. we do anticipate, i spoke to some of our store managers yesterday and they are very optimistic for the next three weeks. optimism here, and you can probably see there has been a steady flurry of people heading to primark from half past five this morning, enjoying themselves. what people we have spoken to have said this morning is, this is my chance to get a bit of normality before christmas. and goodness knows, that is what we need, isn't it, right now? yes, we need somejoy. now? yes, we need some joy. lots of good news today. one thing to observe, because we had a discussion this morning in the newsroom about whether there will be loads of
people queueing at shops and primark opened an hour early, our report is in birmingham. people are being mindful of crowding, spaces, and as we have had news of the vaccine today, there is reason of cause for optimism, but still caution must rein to keep everyone safe. that is very much the message this morning, even though good news about the vaccine. and talking about good news. yesterday, we spoke to kevin sinfield — the former leeds rhinos captain, who set himself the extraordinary challenge of running seven marathons in seven days. it's all to support his good friend and former team mate rob burrow, he has an extraordinary challenge of seven marathons and doing it in seven marathons and doing it in seven days, and seven was his number. kevin's aim was to raise £77,777 for rob's family, and the mnd association.
kevin began his first marathon yesterday morning, and he's had plenty of good luck messages. johnny vegas wrote: "done, donated and the only thing remains is to wish you all the best in your endeavours, mate". tracey neville, the former head coach for england netball, said: "always had so much respect for kevin sinfield, but this shows what an amazing friend, person and team mate he really is". and rob sent this heartfelt tweet, referring back to their days on the rugby pitch. he said: "that's my captain. always guiding us forward. always looking out for us." it is that friendship which has been amazing to see. incredibly, kevin finished his first marathon yesterday in just three hours, 40 minutes and six seconds. got here this morning. it was frozen, it was cold, it was dark, but thankfully, the sun came out and we got a bit of blue skies. and i just want to thank everybody, the support has been absolutely immense. to see that and hear thejustgiving site was ticking over was absolutely
overwhelming for all of us, so we've got a brilliant team and day one done. afterjust one day of kevin's week—long challenge, he has smashed his fundraising target and so far raised more than £170,000. has he smashed it? he has more than doubled it, yes. maths was my strong point once upon a time! may be listening should be another one! he sent us this special message. hi, all, just a quick message before we set out on day two. to sally, dan and all at bbc breakfast, thank you. you've been absolutely brilliant. to all the viewers, thanks for all your support and generosity. we've been absolutely blown away, we can't thank you enough. to hear the amount ticking over whilst we were running marathon one was so inspiring for all of us and made us all feel
like the ready brek man, with a warm glow in our bellies. thank you very much, take care, everybody. i love those adverts! there is a certain generation that will know, the redback man had aglow! he has smashed through his initial target, 223% over that, thank you for your support. we can't speak to him live this morning because he is in the middle of marathon two and he did the first under four hours which is incredible, he has a ways been a remarkable athlete, but he did this the entire week and we will catch up with him at various points —— he has always. he will talk to us next monday before he goes into his final marathon. i suspect his six marathon won't be sub—4 hours. just a little suspicion! but he is finishing that, we know that, determination. find out what is happening where you are, we will see shortly.
good morning. i'm sonja jessup. so, london returns to tier 2 covid restrictions today, following the second national lockdown. non—essential shops and businesses, like hairdressers, can now reopen. the mayor is urging londoners to support them in the run—up to christmas, but to also follow the rules. of course, some areas just outside the capital, such as slough, are in the higher tier 3. meanwhile, wycombe will become one of the first football league clubs since march to play in front of some fans tonight. around 1,000 wycombe supporters will be there for the match against stoke — the first time they have ever seen their team play in the championship, following promotion in the summer. it's such an achievement in wycombe's history. it's the biggest thing that's happened to us as a club. i was born in wycombe, i've grown up in wycombe. it's meant everything to us. i cried when we got promoted and stuff. and it would just be absolutely amazing to get back there. the police federation says almost
half of met officers say they weren't given adequate personal protective equipment during the pandemic. it called its survey "a cry for help", saying they'd been put under significant pressure, particularly as they enforced consta ntly—changing covid rules. the national police chiefs' council said there was "no issue" with supply of ppe, and that the wellbeing of officers is a "priority". let's take a look at the travel situation now. we've had lots of problems on the tube this morning. this is how it currently looks. the district line has severe delays following the late finish of engineering work. the 0verground isn't running between surrey quays to new cross, as there's a faulty train. and tfl rail has some minor delays between paddington and hayes & harlington due to power problems. greater anglia trains also have delays of up to half an hour via stratford due to overunnning engineering work. this is how the a13 looks— it's busy heading ito central l0ndon through dagenham.
and in harlesden, craven park road is closed because of a burst water main. time for the weather now. here's elizabeth rizzini. hello, good morning. it's a cold and frosty start to the day across the capital today, temperatures very close to freezing. but there is a bit of early brightness and sunshine, it's not going to last for too long, longest towards eastern areas. because there's more cloud moving in from the west and the cloud is likely to thicken again as we head through the afternoon. it should stay dry for most of the day, butjust feeling very chilly. highs of only six or seven celsius and there will be some outbreaks of light patchy rain and drizzle, just as we head towards sunset and into the first part of the evening. that is a cold front coming through, won't amount to very much. it's certainly a lot cloudier tonight than it was last night so temperatures won't drop quite so low, largely frost free into the start of the day tomorrow. so tomorrow, outbreaks of rain on and off through the day tomorrow, it's also going to turn a little windy as well. and it will feel chilly again on thursday, with even lower temperatures.
watch out for a little bit of wintriness particularly over the higher ground on thursday night into friday morning. i'll be back in half an hour's time. do take a look at our facebook and instagram too. and there's plenty more on our website, at the usual address. now it's back to dan and naga. hello, this is breakfast with dan walker and naga munchetty. it has been a really busy morning. straight after brea kfast on bbc one is morning live with kym marsh and gethinjones. let's find out what they have coming up on the show. thanks, dan and naga. it isa it is a game changing day with a vaccine finally on the way. we have been talking about it for so long, and the news has come out of nowhere and the news has come out of nowhere and hopefully it will all go well. and reassuring news for so many pa rents and reassuring news for so many parents who are too scared to send
children to school in case they catch covid. today we will reveal that 800,000 children still have not returned to school across the uk since september with many now considered missing from the system and we are looking into what is being done to give them the education they deserve. and it should be ‘joy to the world' but its beginning to look alot like ‘the 12 scams of christmas!‘ find out why if you're shopping online — you could find yourself targeted with fake delivery emails that end up costing a lot more than you bargained for. rav wilding has the details on what you can do to make sure it's not your money the scammers get their hands on next. also on the show, with one in five of us dreaming of being our own boss, top ceo and entrepreneur alex depledge shares why now might be the perfect time to start your own company. plus, for 31 million of us, it's not christmas without a carol. lesley garrett's here to tell us why we should still be getting together for a sing—song and how to do it safely.
and she'll definitely be singing for us, we will ask her nicely. and he's the man we'd want on our team for any pub quiz — richard 05man will be here with tips on what you need to create your own festive family quiz at home. see you at 9.15! it does feel like a bit of good day today, with good news. the first coronavirus vaccine has been approved for use in the uk by the medicines and healthca re products regulatory agency. that's the regulatory agency that says it is safe to use. it's been manufactured by us pharmaceutical company pfizer and their partner, biontech. data released last month showed it was 95% effective. the uk has 10 million doses available by the end of the year — that's enough to vaccinate 5 million people, with another 30 million ordered. we are not sure whether that 10 million will definitely arrive by the end of the year, but they are ordered. we know 800,000 will arrive
next week, and in terms of the rest of the numbers, it depends on how quickly pfizer can manufacture them at their base in belgium. in the last hour, the health secretary matt hancock told us that vaccinations will begin next week. so many families have suffered, including my own, and i'mjust so, so pleased that... 2020 has been just awful and 2021 will be better, and help is on way. help is on its way with this vaccine, and we can now say that with certainty, rather than with all the caveats that i normally have to put around that. this will take time to roll out. you've got to have that 21 days in between the jabs anyway and we've got to get this rolled out at the speed at which it can be manufactured, but i am confident now with the news today that from spring, from easter onwards, things are going to be better, and we are going to have a summer
next year that everybody can enjoy. between now and then, we've got to hold our resolve. we have passed the new tiering arrangements through the commons with a big majority last night. people shouldn'tjust obey the law, obviously they should do that, but let's all respect the restrictions that we have to live our lives in for now, to save lives, to protect the nhs this winter. and be confident knowing help is on its way, and the dawn is just there on the horizon. let's get through this together, it's going to be a tough winter still, we've got to get this rolled out, got to get it manufactured in la rge—scale. but we all know that if we stick at it, then we'll be through it, a difficult winter, through the difficult winter, and from spring onwards, things are going to get better.
that was matt hancock talking to us earlier. we have comments coming through. professor chris whitty, the chief medical officerfor through. professor chris whitty, the chief medical officer for england, has put in a tweet, the independent regulator has authorised the first vaccine for use against covid—19. this is excellent news and a step towards normality. he has also said it will take until spring until the vulnerable population who wish to are fully vaccinated and we can't lower our guard yet, echoing what health secretary matt hancock said. from spring and easter onwards things will be better but between now and then we have to hold our resolve, was the message from the health secretary. we can go through more detail on what we know about the vaccine. let's get more now from our health editor, hugh pym. many of our viewers will want to know about the numbers and the times. let's start first of all with the pfizer biontech vaccine. we know 800,000 will arrive next week but
what happens after that?” 800,000 will arrive next week but what happens after that? i am sorry i had to disappear after seven o'clock this morning, it was good to talk to you and good to be back again. there has been quite a lot of interest in this story, quite rightly, and matt hancock understandably very relieved and pleased to be commenting on the news. 800,000 doses next week, as you say, shipped overfrom the pfizer belgian plant. the first recipients will be hospitals, and almost certainly it will be nhs staff and patients who get the first jabs, possibly care home staff. from that 800,000, there will be a build—up ofa that 800,000, there will be a build—up of a few million more, we are not sure exactly how many by the new year, and we will wait and see whether the extended list, the priority list that the jcb are, the expert vaccination committee set out, with care home residents and staff, followed by health care
workers, followed by the over ages, will be administered. to be clear, the oxford astrazeneca vaccine, which are still going through the approval process with the mhra, there is a much bigger orderfor that, and i think the assumption is that, and i think the assumption is that for gp hubs, for people to go into and have theirjabs in a local community or vaccination hubs are being run by local authorities and the nhs and community centres, they will probably get 0xford astrazeneca, assuming it is approved. so as for how far exactly the pfizer biontech doses will extend between now and the new year, with a lot more coming in the new year, we'll have to wait for more information. the other information we got out of the health secretary was for those wondering about the other vaccine, moderna, which the uk government ordered 7 million doses of, that will be available next april, and is in the regulatory process as well. in terms of the 0xford process as well. in terms of the oxford university astrazeneca one
comedy health secretary would not be drawn on exactly when, but we expect news on that. although there is good news on that. although there is good news about the vaccine today, in terms of the ease of delivering the vaccine, it could be a huge step forward. the pfizer biontech vaccine, which at least is coming through, has to be stored at between -70 through, has to be stored at between —70 and —80 degrees so there are logistical challenges and it makes sense to put that out through hospitals who have the capacity and infrastructure to handle it. 0xford astrazeneca will be a lot cheaper and a lot easier to administer and doesn't require that cold storage but it does have to be approved. all the paperwork has been put into the regulation, the mhra, from the trial results. some questions were raised about some of the numbers put out by 0xford astrazeneca. i think more clarity will be needed from them on that and they will have presented
more data to the regulator and we expect a peer reviewed articles soon setting out all their data in one of the medicaljournals, so it is not clear how long that process will ta ke clear how long that process will take and at what stage 0xford astrazeneca will be approved, if indeed it is given the all clear. hugh pym, always good to talk to you. thank you for coming back to give us that information. always a pleasure. hugh pym. an indication of what a lovely man he is. he honestly is the world's nicest men, apologising for doing his job, is the world's nicest men, apologising for doing hisjob, being stretched from pillar to post by all the bbc news outlets. lots of information, speaking about the vaccine, and we have been getting reaction from people about how they feel about it. it's amazing. we will get back to a sense of normality as soon as possible. great news, especially to end 2020. excited to get back to normal i'm sure i won't get it for a
long time but it's great people that need it can get it and we can get back to normal. it's good to know it has been thoroughly tested and has gone through all the stages and i'm sure information for that will be released but i have the faith that has gone through all the proper and vigorous testing. we spoke to matt hancock comedy health secretary earlier, and he made clear, that we have had the news about the vaccine today and people will want more information, politically and medically so details will be laid out later this morning. this will all be covered on the bbc news channel of course. the international joint centre for biomedical innovation and the mhra will lay out information. the mhra is the body that has approved the pfizer biontech vaccine and it will lay out its reasons for approval. matt hancock obviously jubilant lay out its reasons for approval. matt hancock obviouslyjubilant this morning but we will hear from them. we believe the prime minister will speak at five o'clock, we have all got used to the downing street press
conferences and there will be one at five o'clock today. i would imagine, with the news from the mhra, it will all be wrapped up together at five o'clock tonight by the prime minister who i imagine will be flanked by various medical officers. we can speak now to professor robin shattock, who is the lead professor for one of the teams developing vaccines at imperial college london. your reaction to the news about the pfizer biontech approval. it's really exciting, and historic in many ways because they have done it in an incredibly short time. they have not compromised on safety, and the data we have seen so far is looking really good. it's an amazing result. tell me about what you now think are the next stages in terms of what you are working on. we are working on a similar technology, we are further behind. as these vaccines come through it perhaps changes some of the priorities of
what we are doing. we will focus on ensuring we have the technology for the uk long term and working on prioritising solving some of the cold chain issues you have heard about. in terms of capacity and preorders, in terms of conversations you have had with government, where are you out in that sense? 0ne you have had with government, where are you out in that sense? one thing we spoke about with health secretary matt hancock, when it comes to moderna, there are 7 million ordered but will not be available until april. there are 100 million astrazeneca 0xford vaccines on order, which doesn't require cold storage will stop where are you at? you have to remember we are one part of many different groups working on these many different vaccines. we are probably likely to come on strea m are probably likely to come on stream as a booster approach perhaps later next year. i think the most important priority right now is hoping that more than just the pfizer vaccine gets the regulatory approval so we can get people vaccinated as early as possible and
help the uk get back to some sense of normality as quickly as we can. are you surprised at how quickly approval has been? and i will phrase this very quickly, the ten month process , this very quickly, the ten month process, are you surprised at how quickly it has been from the initial lockdown, to approval of a vaccine? iam not lockdown, to approval of a vaccine? i am not casting aspersions on the quality of the work of the mhra, but are you surprised at the approval length of time? i am surprised and really encouraged by the speed at which these vaccines have been able to be developed, and that is testa m e nt to to be developed, and that is testament to the scientific changes that have occurred in the vaccine technology. i don't think there has been any compromise on the safety. the regulators have been looking at these vaccines serves they have been developed over the time, so it's not that they have suddenly been asked to approve them without undue scrutiny. the mhra is probably one of the best regulators in the world
andi of the best regulators in the world and i have every confidence they have looked at this, assessed its safety. i have encouraged my 87—year—old mother to get a vaccine as soon as 87—year—old mother to get a vaccine as soon as she is eligible. you and jonathan van—tam and many others as well. looking at a quote from chris whitty earlier, the chief medical officer, just getting it on my screen, he said it will take until spring until toby vulnerable population who wish to are fully vaccinated and we can't lower our guard yet. many people at the moment are thinking in the immediate term about getting a vaccination as soon as possible, those who wish to take it. it's interesting you come from that booster approach, because this isn't something that will go away with just one vaccination. we don't know how long immunity lasts, we expect it to last at least a year, but we may require boosting on an annual basis, particularly for very vulnerable populations that may
have a less robust immune response. so we need to work really actively now, but also thinking about the future and preparing for that. professor, thank you for talking to us this morning. and making very create you are working on that booster approach in terms of the vaccine and developing vaccines at imperial college london, i wish you well with your work. it is one of those mornings, we have had breaking news from about seven o'clock and you can see it, this pfizer/biontech vaccine will be rolled out next week officially approved for use in the uk, ready to be used by the nhs next week. in terms of what else we are talking about this morning, you might have seen about this morning, you might have seen the story both across the press and real interest in this over the last few days. the partner of a british hiker, missing in the pyrenees for a week, says he hasn't given up hope of finding her. esther dingley was due to return home from her solo trek last wednesday.
we can speak to her partner dan colegate now. thank you for talking to us this morning, how are you? it is a difficult time. it certainly is. why do you want to talk to us today, what hope of help are you hoping to get? over the past few days, the search has been very intense, in an area near esther‘s clearly defined route, we know exactly where she was the last time she communicated with us. there has been increasing talk amongst the search teams perhaps she is not up there after all. based on a number of factors. with a level of experience, the fact the weather was fantastic, it is a clearly marked trial. the depth of search that has taken place, it is increasingly possible she has not had an accident on the mountain, rather than the fa ct on the mountain, rather than the fact they could not simply fainter and part of the reason i wanted to talk today was if is even the
smallest chance she is still out there, i would like to get that message out it is a possibility and she may still come home. what have you been told the possibilities if she is not in the mountain? they haven't speculated with me, the french and spanish search teams, esther was hiking in spain for the last few weeks and she was fully compliant with local regulations and such, she was only planning to dip into france for a remote mountain shelter. but that has required a search on both sides. both teams have been very honest with me about their expectations of the search taking place. now the case has become more of a judicial investigation in each country, they have advised me to do my best not to think about what that might mean. simply that something else may have
happened and they are going to start looking into that. i know this is a difficult time and we began this interview with you saying that. what is the implication, what have they told you to be prepared for? nothing specific. i have spent most of the last four days walking, to be honest, i have been out on the hills retracing the route the search teams has already walked. they have what their multiple times and i have watched them multiple times, i am familiar with the terrain. they have simply said, we don't think esther has had an accident on the mountain. but they can never be totally 100% certain, it is still a mountain landscape, but given the nature of the trial, they have come to the conclusion a further search is not going to find her because she probably is not there. and i need to start waiting for the other police
departments to start looking into this. a step message due via whatsapp of the social media messaging application, in november the 22nd, and she was on the top of pic de sauvegarde on the france and spain border. it was common for you two to be in regular contact and you have absolute confidence in her ability as a walker and someone who has done this before on her own, is that correct? yes, esther and i have worked i don't know how many thousand males together, we did a three month track this summer in the alps. she has done solo checks on her own several times, she is very confident, very competent and she had the equipment with her to stay safe. she usually gets in touch daily, but she warned me there was a poor signal in the area and sometimes when she was on a solo trip, it wasn't unknown it would be a couple of days before i heard from her, it was always worrying, but she was doing what she absolutely loved
to do, i have never seen her as happy as she has been the past few weeks. so i respect that side of her andi weeks. so i respect that side of her and i loved herfor it, i love her for it. when she didn't get in touch, i assumed for it. when she didn't get in touch, iassumed it for it. when she didn't get in touch, i assumed it was a signal issue. now i have since been in the area and found the signal is actually quite good in a lot of the places she might have been. so again, that actually narrows down, if she had had an accident and that is the reason she could not have beenin is the reason she could not have been in touch, it must have been a very small area indeed, which has been pulled over by people and drones, helicopters, dogs. —— poured over. yes, iam drones, helicopters, dogs. —— poured over. yes, i am convinced she is not up over. yes, i am convinced she is not up there. ok. it is a very, very tough time. you have made that very clear, for you and of course for esther‘s family as well. thank you for talking to us this morning. and we wish you well and we hope for a positive outcome of finding esther. thank you very much. it is 8:53am.
here's carol with a look at this morning's weather. good morning. for the next few days, it is certainly going to turn colder, some of us will see rain and some of us will have snow, mostly in the hills. heavy bursts, we could see at lower levels. a cold start in the south east, but bright. this cloud and rain will be sinking south throughout the day and behind that, we are back into sunshine and blustery showers. the strongest winds across the far north west of scotla nd winds across the far north west of scotland and increasingly as the cold air cuts then, the snow level across the hills of scotland comes down to about 300 metres. these are your top temperatures, 3—9. down to about 300 metres. these are your top temperatures, 3—9 . this evening and overnight, we say goodbye to the cloud and rain. some chris skies. still blustery showers piling on across the north. by the end of the night, ten centimetres of lying snow in the hills of scotland,
potentially two centimetres for some at lower levels. across northern ireland, england and wales, more cloud and some rain. possibly ill snow in the shropshire hills and the brecon beacons. a risk of ice in the north, frost, not as cold for most as we push further south. tomorrow, we pick up this band of rain moving eastwards and northwards. gusty winds through the english channel. north of that, sunshine and showers, but fewer showers than today. some of them across western scotland and the west of northern ireland could be wintry. heavy bursts even at lower levels. and temperatures, 5 degrees in the north, 4 degrees in newcastle and 8 degrees in st helier and a return to hell snow across north west wales and also north west england. so or change. devil gate drive, what does that say to you? suzi quatro. i know it well. she knows her stuff!
it's been five decades since she stormed the uk charts with number one singles "can the can" and "devil gate drive", but there's no stopping suzi quatro when it comes to her music. since the release of her debut studio album back in 1973, she has gone on to release 15 more. you were not even here! we'll talk to her about all that in a moment, but first, let's have a listen to her brand—new christmas single. # wrap me in your charms, wake up in my arms # but, baby, make it home for xmas # whether near orfar # you are my guiding star # and, baby, i need you home for christmas # come to me, cos it's you that makes me whole i'm pleased to say suzi joins us now. the one and only. good morning, thank you for being with us today. good morning, i have been up since 5:30am, believe it or not. just for
this programme, or do you always get up this programme, or do you always get up at 5:30am? no, i fell asleep at 8:30pm last night so i knew that would happen, it doesn't matter, i don't care. rookie mistake, never go to bed too early, the body knows what it needs. tell us a bit about this new single, is that all family footage in there as well? yes, i had to make it not too long. the option was taken out for the next album, i did the first album with my son, then lockdown happened and my son was grounded, i had grown —— i was grounded, i had 95 shows boat and i said, let's write the next album, we have the space. i was sitting out on the patio and he was in the studio and this track, with the vocals, this track came out. i literally got the hairs on the back of my neck. i went running out and i said, hairs on the back of my neck. i went running outand i said, give hairs on the back of my neck. i went running out and i said, give me the headphones. but the microphone on.
and i sang, engaging my head, isang the first four lines of the song and it was about my husband, because we we re it was about my husband, because we were separated for three months during the lockdown. and itjust became this beautiful christmas song. everybody can relate to it, it is the times we're living in. how has it been for you? you have mentioned you have been separated from your husband and you have had covid as well and thankfully, you are recovered, covid as well and thankfully, you are recovered , you covid as well and thankfully, you are recovered, you are one of the lucky ones. it is fair to say, isn't it? it has been tough on your personal story. well, we are all careful and everything, wearing masks, and i have got my own gel a carry my belt. but when did it happen? the dell —— the day before lockdown. we had a little bit of a curry here, what was allowed, that was the wednesday. 0n curry here, what was allowed, that was the wednesday. on friday, my daughter got sick, on sunday, i got
sick. and her 12—year—old son started to show symptoms. she took a test and came back positive. i had a booking for the following monday with a private doctor to go to germany to do a tv show and they insist on 48 hour covid free travel test. i said, insist on 48 hour covid free travel test. isaid, i don't insist on 48 hour covid free travel test. i said, i don't feel good, insist on 48 hour covid free travel test. isaid, idon't feel good, my daughter tested positive, ain't coming to see you. you said, you ta ke coming to see you. you said, you take the test now. i took the test and a no—brainer, of course it is going to be positive. i got off likely because really the only effect i had was extreme exhaustion. —— lately. i slept 18 hours out of 24 for the first five days. and me being me, i'm going to get up and be normal. i will come downstairs. within half an hour of being up, i had to go up and lay down. notjust lay down, but out as if somebody had given me a sleeping pill. just
exhaustion. suzi, i have to apologise because we have to leave it there because we have had such a busy morning with the vaccine. this is bbc news with the latest headlines the uk becomes the first country in the world to approve a coronavirus vaccine. the pfizer—biontech jab will be made available from next week. we'll start with the most elderly, and with people in care homes, and of course their carers, to make sure that others don't catch it. the uk expects to have millions of doses of the pfizer vaccine against covid—19 available by the end of the year — and the first 800,000 coming next week. if you have any questions on the vaccine rollout or the tier system which comes into force into england today, you can get in touch with me @annitamcveigh or use the hashtag bbcyourquestions. england has returned to a tiered system of coronavirus restrictions,