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tv   BBC News  BBC News  January 11, 2021 8:00pm-9:01pm GMT

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this is bbc news with me, tim willcox. the headlines at eight... the government sets out its plan to vaccinate the most vulnerable adults for coronavirus by mid february, and all adults by the autumn. it comes as a further 529 deaths are reported in the uk. so far, across the uk, we've given 2.6 million doses to 2.3 million people. meanwhile, hospitals are seeing increasing numbers of younger patients in their 30s and 40s. fears restrictions may have to tighten further as some high streets and beauty spots remain crowded. running from the police moments after he murdered three people sitting in a park, khairi saadallah is sentenced to life.
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democrats formally believed in the process of trying to impeach president trump for a second time. it interrupts you without even knowing. and living with a stammer believed to affect 3% of the world population, including the next president of the united states. good evening and welcome to the bbc news. the government has set out its vaccine delivery plan, our way out of this pandemic. the health secretary pledged that by the end of this month, the places offering vaccines will be dramatically expanded so that
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everyone in england will live within 10 miles of one. matt hancock said a quarter of older care home residents have been vaccinated already and, so far, 2.3 million people across the uk have been given a first dose of coronavirus vaccine. that averages out at just over 140,000 a day over the last week. more than 300,000 people need to be vaccinated daily in order to protect the 15 million people most at risk by mid february, but the rate of vaccinations is increasing and the health secretary insists they are on track. our medical editor, fergus walsh, has the latest. waiting patiently in line. health care workers in newcastle. the over 80s in bristol. manchester, london and birmingham, among seven mass covid vaccination centres which open today in england. i've lost a lot of relatives, so i needed to show people
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there is nothing wrong with the vaccine, it has been tested and we need to get it. we have grandchildren, great grandchildren and to not be able to see them is really hard. i feel very relieved. i feel this is the way back, i really think that — i can't understand anybody, you know, not wanting to have it. are you getting the astrazeneca or the pfizer jab? the prime minister in bristol said the uk had immunised more people than any country in europe, but the sense of urgency is palpable, with hospitals close to being overwhelmed by covid patients. it's a race against time, because we can all see the threat that our nhs faces, the pressure it is under, the demand in intensive care units, the pressure on ventilated beds, even the shortage of oxygen in some places.
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by the end of the month, the promise is everyone in england will be within ten miles of a vaccination site. the vaccine programme is our way out of this pandemic, but it won't have an effect unfortunately for a month or two. so in the meantime, the nhs is under really intense pressure. 0ur hospitals are filling up with people with covid, and we have to reverse that. these mass immunisation centres will be open from eight till eight, seven days a week, part of the biggest vaccination drive ever in the nhs. the aim is to offer a first dose of covid vaccine, to up to 15 million people by mid—february. that is all over 70s, front line health and social care workers, plus people who are currently shielding. a steady supply of vaccine is vital. this gp‘s surgery near edinburgh is one of over 1,000 in scotland
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now offering immunisation. in wales, where there has been some criticism of the speed of roll out, ministers say all over 50s will be offered a covid vaccine by the spring. fergus walsh, bbc news. danny altmann is the professor of immunology at imperial college, london. hejoins us now. some pretty bleak warnings of how bad this could still be, despite the vaccine programme. how optimistic are you? we're in very, very dark times. i can't emphasise that sufficiently. at the moment, people really need to take their lockdown very, very seriously. yet we've always said the vaccine was our escape yet we've always said the vaccine was oui’ escape route. yet we've always said the vaccine was our escape route. medical research has delivered a magnificent get the vaccine, far better than i dreamt of, and now it's down to the
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logistics to get them out as fast as possible. the figures seem to be moving in the way the government has predicted. 15 million by mid february, that's a big number, isn't it? it is. i think february, that's a big number, isn't it? it is. ithink critical are february, that's a big number, isn't it? it is. i think critical are some of the glitches we've had in this country that put us in a slightly bad place. i look at the roll—out and feel fairly positive about it. surely this is an operation going very well with the top five or six in the world. i think we have to keep up the supply chain, keep up the will to do it as much as possible and as widely as possible, andi possible and as widely as possible, and i think we can get there. are we choosing the right demographic to target first of all? internationally, other countries are doing it differently. indonesia, for example, is it vaccinating the younger generation first.” example, is it vaccinating the younger generation first. i think this is very, very difficult calculations and i except a great
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deal of thought has gone into it in this country. it hasn't been taken lightly. hard to know what... what we can for see, my only plea is we get all health care workers vaccinated as fast as possible because far too many are still getting sick, far too many dying and far too many simply off work who can contribute. do you have idea of how much we've used so far the pfizer vaccine, which is difficult to store, compared with the oxford asked forjenna,? and how store, compared with the oxford asked forjenna, ? and how efficient is the deliver of pfizer —— 0xford astrazeneca. bearing in mind the issues. my new show of the supply chain isa issues. my new show of the supply chain is a slightly outside of my skill set. —— the my new... ifeel
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like we shouldn't get too hung up on the details of pfizer numbers because we have far more astrazeneca and moderna coming down the line as well. so, fairly rapidly, i think there really will be a vaccine available for all as fast as we can deliver it. professor, thanks very much forjoining on bbc news. in the latest figures released by the government, the number of people reported in the last 2a hours. who have tested positive in the uk for covid—19 is 46,169 the latest for covid—19 is 116,169. the latest number of people who have died within 28 days of a positive test is 529. that brings the total number of deaths to 81,960. many hospitals are still under intense pressure with the increasing number of covid patients arriving, and doctors say they are seeing more younger patients in their thirties and forties compared
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to the first wave. our health editor hugh pym, with camera journalist harriet bradshaw and producer dominic hurst, to croydon university hospital in south london. it is loud and clear. covid is serious. the numbers are definitely increasing and they are still increasing every day. i don't think i have ever known the whole system to be as stretched as it is right now under pressure. this is a&e, but not as you know it. all staff are in full protective equipment. they know that most patients coming in have either tested positive or have symptoms. how are you feeling now? it's the breath that's the problem, and the cough. can i have a little listen, is that all right?
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this man is a consultant here. just sit forward for me a little and take a nice deep breath. and he's assessing hanifa, who has just arrived in an ambulance. she's a2. she tested positive a week before, and her condition steadily got worse. i felt i was dying. i have been healthy, had no, any illness, nothing. but covid just struck me down, just like that. the sickest patients need to be in intensive care, and staff have to be on constant alert, because patients can take a rapid turn for the worse. it's a very, very sudden thing, and you just have to respond and reassess. and actually, that patient looks like whatever the problem
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was, we have sorted. staff have noticed that compared to the first wave, the age of covid patients in intensive care is lower. for example, right here now, there are two people in their 30s with no underlying health conditions. the chances of someone under a0 needing intensive care for a coronavirus are much smaller than for those who are older. the number of younger patients may be more noticeable, because cases have risen across all age groups. doctors are clear, no one is safe. i think for someone who says it's a myth or it won't affect me, then come and see the 30 and 40—year—olds in intensive care, with no guarantee that we're going to be able to get them out. that's the bottom line, that's how serious it is. you have seen some in that age group dying, have you? yes. covid is a multisystem disease, causing inflammation in all parts of the body, potentially.
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we think it affected his heart. alex, who is 32, suffered heart failure after going down with the virus. my chest just felt like it was getting squeezed very, very hard. i was very surprised that it can do so much damage. i could never think of covid being that dangerous. i am quite a healthy young man, quite active, play a lot of sports, go to the gym, so i was actually quite shocked. i'm lucky to be alive. almost half the beds at croydon university hospital are occupied by covid patients. since the start of the pandemic, they have treated nearly 2000, but in their catchment area in the south—east of england, numbers are predicted to rise even further. i don't know how much more we can do before it gets to literally there is no more room, there is no more beds, there is no more nurses, there is no more space, there is no more anything, so i am quite apprehensive. fatigue and stress for staff
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is more acute, and they say that takes its toll both professionally and personally. when we came out of the first wave, i don't think any of us thought that we could do this again, and yet we're doing this again. it feels that the pressure is more sustained, and i do think that patient numbers are greater, and i think we are in for the long haul actually. across the hospital i have seen people struggle. they are tired. but i am just proud, actually, to see how flexible people have been and adaptable to a rapidly changing situation. staff know whatever happens in the weeks ahead, they will have to be there for patients, coping with whoever comes through the doors. hanifa did not need to go into intensive care. she has been recovering in hospital. she and those who treated her have one clear message for the public. covid is a killer.
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covid is real. please, out there, be careful. be careful, take the precautions seriously. very, very serious. hugh pym, bbc news, croydon. as we've been hearing, the government is concerned restrictions might have to tighten yet further if we don't all comply with the rules. england's chief medical officer professor chris whitty warned that the nhs is now facing the most dangerous situation anyone can remember, and that we've all got to play our part if we're going to prevent hospitals being completely overwhelmed. 0ur political editor laura kuenssberg has the latest. the virus moves faster than the prime minister can get vaccines into arms. more and more of the most vulnerable, like marion in bristol,
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are receiving the jab. hi, marion, how are you doing? for boris johnson, this is not the time to relax. this is a very perilous moment. now is the moment for maximum vigilance, maximum observation, observance of the rules, and of course, if we feel that things are not, you know, are not being properly observed we may have to do more. and with more patients in hospital, with covid than ever, it is notjust doctors and nurses that have a job. the next few weeks are going to be the worst weeks of this pandemic. we need to really double down. this is everybody‘s problem. any single unnecessary contact you have with someone is a potential link in a chain of transmission that will lead to a vulnerable person. that reminder, because the streets are not as silent as the spring, whether shoppers in beverley and yorkshire, a road in dorset parked up with cars of walkers heading for the beach. data suggests we are out much
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more than back in march. this woman has had her vaccine and is going out every day to get the paper. this is my walk because it drives me crazy to be at home all the time. lewis is opening his food stall because he still has to pay for his pitch. in terms of the message of please stay at home, we encourage them to come out, so it is a bit contradiction. but could changing the rules again be part of the answer? we all want to see our loved ones, we all to reclaim our lives, but we have a job to do first. do you think the government should tighten restrictions still further? we may have to get tougher, but i think that the most important thing, if you like, is the message to people to stay at home. there is anxiety in government, real fear that we're alljust not sticking to the rules like we did
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back in spring. there have been conversations in westminster about tightening the regulations still further, whether squeezing the advice on takeaways or changing how we shop, but there's no big political appetite or drive for another clamp—down. 0ne senior minister told me, "we've gone as far as we possibly can, in terms of shutting things down." so the plea instead you will hear again and again, from scientists, government doctors and politicians, stay at home, follow the rules to make a difference to this disease. but in scotland, ministers will talk about even stricter rules tomorrow. for many weeks, we will be living with glimpses of life outside. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. latest figures indicate the biggest rises in covid—19 cases are now happening outside the south and east of england. in knowsley on merseyside, the rate has gone from 455 cases per 100,000 in the seven days to december 30 to 1,263 per 100,000
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in the seven days to january 6. that's the biggest week—on—week rise for any local authority area in england. the supermarket chain morrisons says it will bar customers who refuse to wear face coverings from its shops amid rising coronavirus infections. from monday, shoppers who refuse to wear facemasks offered by staff will not be allowed inside unless they are medically exempt. the announcement comes amid concerns that social distancing measures are not being adhered to in supermarkets. the headlines on bbc news... the government has sets out its plan to vaccinate the most it includes plans to immunise tens of millions of people by the spring.
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at the daily downing street coronavirus briefing, the health secretary matt hancock said 2.6 million vaccine doses have been given to 2.3 million people in the uk. he went on to give an update on the government's vaccination programme. he said two—fifths of over 80s had already been given their first dose, and that the vaccination programme in care homes had been accelerated. he said almost a quarter of older care home residents had been vaccinated, and pledged to vaccinate everyone in care homes by the end of the month. and mr hancock said 80,000 people had been recruited to help roll out the vaccination programmes, including retired gps. mike padgham runs a care home in scarborough and is chair of the independent care group. hejoins us now. thanks forjoining us. hejoins us now. thanks forjoining us. the prime minister, i think, said 23% of the most vulnerable and
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ca re said 23% of the most vulnerable and care homes had been vaccinated so far. does that reflect your experience? i think it's much better than figures he announced last week, andi than figures he announced last week, and i think i saw a ramping up this weekend. to give credit by credit due, it seems to be speeding up now, so due, it seems to be speeding up now, so i'm pleased it is speeding up. hopefully, we'll get all those vulnerable people vaccinated in care homes by the end of this month. doesn't reflect that care homes now area doesn't reflect that care homes now are a priority —— does it reflect? we did feel left out last year. i was pleased when it was announced last month that care homes and staff we re last month that care homes and staff were to be in the top priority list. i think we're a little disappointed because he got off to a very slow start because of the pfizer transportation, but it has picked up with the new 0xford vaccine. i'm pleased the progress is being made, ijust hope pleased the progress is being made, i just hope the pleased the progress is being made, ijust hope the government can make
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the deadlines it suggested it can so this is all going forward. how many —— have any people in your home been vaccinated mated to? if so, what has that done psychologically —— been vaccinated yet? we now have two homes of, sorry, three homes. the difference has given a lot of comforts to residents, but also staff to feel protected. 0f comforts to residents, but also staff to feel protected. of course, we still have to practice social distancing. it's not the end, so we still have to be very cautious but it's good news we've been vaccinated 01’ it's good news we've been vaccinated or most of us have. has everyone who's been offered a jab taken it 7 who's been offered a jab taken it up? there are the handful who haven't, so we'll be discussing with them. what reason did they give for
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not having the vaccine? them. what reason did they give for not having the vaccine ?|j them. what reason did they give for not having the vaccine? i think the reasons they gave, they were very nervous. they were nervous that hadn't been tested enough. we will have to work that out as we get to it. mike, thank you very much for joining us here. jacqui burrow is a vaccination programme director at the etihad tennis centre in manchester — one of seven new hubs to have started vaccinating patients today. i think it was three tennis courts, it's now been turned into this huge centre. how did it go today? it's now been turned into this huge centre. how did it go today7m it's now been turned into this huge centre. how did it go today? it went really, really well. we started with a slower ramp—up, and it was actually fantastic. they came with carers, they were so excited to be there. it was absolutely delightful to be part of. what jabs are you using for the mass vaccination? the mass vaccination centre is using
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astrazeneca. was there some scepticism by the people coming in? i know you're going for the elderly today, but was everyone convinced or we re today, but was everyone convinced or were there different stories? so, we had a couple of ladies who actually became very emotional when they received their vaccine because they we re received their vaccine because they were so received their vaccine because they were so delighted. a number of people talked about how it was enabling them to get out, and i think for many, the anecdotal conversations we had her that this was the first time they'd been out to have the vaccination. there was no hesitation absolutely. was at a full 100% take up? we think so. no hesitation absolutely. was at a full 10096 take up? we think so. we filled all our slots, all the vaccination slots available, and we used all our vaccines we plan to use that day. have you been vaccinated as well? i have. will you have the second one in three weeks or 12 weeks? know, i'll be, following the
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government guidance. my second appointment is booked at the end of march. that is quite some distance away. the government says they don't think there's an appetite for people to be vaccinated after eight p:m.. do you agree with that or do you think you could vaccinate many more people after 8pm? i think it depends on the co—whole of people you're inviting to the vaccination. in the higher risk groups, those are the older who don't normally go out at night and particularly not in dark, winter evenings. certainly, it's certainly not a group of people who would have the appetite coming out late. but i think it depends. we're going to review it nationally and regionally as the cohorts open up and we vaccinate more and more groups of the populations of. good luck with the next few days. thank you very much indeed. we've been
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inundated with questions from you, e—mails and texts. your questions and is coming up at 8.30. stay with us and is coming up at 8.30. stay with us for that. hundreds and hundreds of e—mails coming, so we're going to spend about ten minutes putting those questions to experts in a few minutes' time. with just days to go before the inauguration of presidentjoe biden, the democrats have formally begun the process of impeaching president trump for an inprecedented second time. he's accused of inciting the attack on the capitol last week. they have also first proposed that vice president mike pence invoke the 25th amendment to the constitution in order for him to take power. here's what happened. house resolution 21, resolution calling on vice president michael pence to mobilise the principal
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officers of the executive department officers of the executive department of the cabinet to the president donaldj of the cabinet to the president donald j trump and of the cabinet to the president donaldj trump and capable of executing the duties of his office and immediately exercise powers as acting president. for what purpose does the gentleman from west virginia rise? i object. objection is heard. as you could see there, the republicans objected to the resolution in the house of representatives calling for the 25th amendment to be used. i don't think it's ever been used before. but it could be still voted on as early as tuesday. if that fails, the democrats say they'll move towards impeachment proceedings. the article of impeachment charges the president with "incitement to insurrection." and it accuses him of "willfully inciting violence against the government of the united states".
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it goes on to say... here's the house speaker nancy pelosi speaking to cbs before today's proceedings. is anybody running the executive branch of the government? who is running the executive branch? sadly, the person running the executive branch 's a deranged, unhinged, dangerous president of the united states. only a number of days until we can be protected from him, but he has done something so serious that there should be prosecution against him. democrats say they're concerned about future violent events, too. the fbi is aware of possible flashpoints across the united states, according to this tweet from abc reporter aaron katersky.
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our correspondent barbara plett usher is outside the white house. just starting with the impeachment proceedings, what's the timeframe we're looking at? there is less than two weeks if they want to impeach the president before he's out of office, and that's virtually impossible because it takes two. it ta kes impossible because it takes two. it takes the house on the senate. is there a vote for impeachment on wednesday, it will almost certainly pass. there's already enough supporters for it to do that in the house, but there would have to be a trial in the senate for there to be a conviction and the majority leader has already said he was not calling the senate back until the session begins, which is the day beforejoe biden‘s inauguration. the question
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is, when with the house passed that responsibility to the senate? at that point, it would had to take up that point, it would had to take up that business and it would be probably occupied with that. just a little while ago, joe biden said he would ask congress if they could split this process. he didn't go into a lot of detail, but i think he means they can impeach the president if they vote this week to do so. but then paused with the senate trial to givejoe biden a chance to get his agenda off the ground, to give his cabinet appointments confirmed by the senate and get his big agenda on track, which as he was to put together an economic stimulus package and work on coronavirus vaccine package and work on coronavirus vaccine process, package and work on coronavirus vaccine process, which will be interrupted by senate trial. that's being discussed now, how and when exactly will get to the just senate trial phase. but what the democrats have said all along is that, you heard nancy pelosi, she thought president trump was an imminent threat and danger but also they need
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to ta ke threat and danger but also they need to take action, despite the complications, because they need to show there's punishment if anybody, especially the president, incites insurrection against the government. us media has reported that donald trump might be using rudy giuliani to defend him. do we have any idea what defence they would make? it's really unclear right now how this would work, to be honest, because you have several different options. you have a possible senate trial. you have a possible senate trial. you also have to see whether once mr trump is out of offices, whether he will be prosecuted in a criminal court for some of the things that he's done. those would be the two different venues where he might be facing some sort of process. what sort of arguments they would make, they have been making arguments all along that the election is fraudulent, that mr trump has taken
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the avenues open to him to make sure that these boats are investigated, and they would imagine he didn't step over any lines in that recourse, i step over any lines in that recourse, i assume step over any lines in that recourse, i assume they would follow the key thing. whether he had any intention to call for incitement or whether he saw thought it was possible, or whether he thought he was calling for a protest peacefully, those are some of the lines of defence they could take. president—electjoe biden received his second covid—19 vaccine dose just a few hours ago. the incoming president, who is 78, said "i'm a little underdressed for my shot," before removing his blazer, thanking a medic and pulling up his sleeve for the injection of the pfizer vaccine. he told reporters, "my number one priority is getting vaccine in people's arms, as rapidly as we can."
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now it's time for a look at the weather with louise lear. hello there. expect a north—south divide with our weather to continue through the night tonight and for the next couple of days as we see clearer skies and icy stretches forming in scotland, northern ireland and northern england, whereas a weak weather front further south brings cloud and rain buta mild start to tuesday morning. now, on tuesday, yes, it will be cloudy, grey and damp for a time, but that rain sinks into south wales and south west england. behind it, some lovely spells of sunshine developing. cold along that east coast exposed to the wind. 11—5 degrees here, 10—11 further south. as we move out of tuesday into wednesday, weather fronts start to push in from the atlantic, driving that milder air across the country. but there's a question mark as to how much sleet and snow we'll see on the leading edge. certainly we'll get some
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to higher ground, maybe at lower levels for a time. it stays grey and wet, and the contrast in the feel of the story still continues across the country. take care. hello, this is bbc news. the headlines: the government sets out its plan to vaccinate the most vulnerable adults for coronavirus by mid february, and all adults by the autumn. meanwhile, hospitals are seeing increasing numbers of younger patients in their 30s and 40s. there are fears restrictions may have to tighten further — as some high streets and beauty spots remain crowded. in the us, democrats have formally begun the process of trying to impeach president trump. that would be for an unprecedented second time.
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now, we've received hundreds and hundreds of viewers' questions about the vaccine roll—out. here to answer them in this edition of your questions answered is professor sian griffiths, who's emeritus professor at the chinese university of hong kong, and professor of virology ian jones from the university of reading. let's see how many we can get through because we have had hundreds. let's look first of all, for people who are housebound, because heather contacted us and said, what provision will be made for people who can't leave their homes? herfather for people who can't leave their homes? her father is 87 and housebound. i can reassure you
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heather that the local planning will ta ke heather that the local planning will take account of your father's situation. the gps are working together in networks supported by volu nta ry together in networks supported by voluntary groups and local authority and they are very aware that some people especially older people will not be able to get to the surgery or to the centre for immunisation, and will make arrangements for a visit just as they probably have done for a flu jab just as they probably have done for aflu jab in just as they probably have done for a flu jab in the past. do we know how many people are in this category? it is difficult for gps to make home visits. it is notjust housebound people but there are many other groups who may need to have special arrangements to get the vaccine to them. i think the local planning groups will be looking at this and it may not be the gps themselves who go out, it may be community nurses and local vaccinators, pharmacist, we have got to be reassured that there is a focus on community, the vulnerable
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and making sure that this isn't an in programme. a big problem for a lot of people is immunity. cady says, how long will i be protected for, she asks? —— katie says. says, how long will i be protected for, she asks? -- katie says. that isa for, she asks? -- katie says. that is a big question and we don't yet know if the truthful answer. the early pa rt know if the truthful answer. the early part of the data on the infection itself was that immunity faded quite quickly but what you have to remember is that vaccination is not the natural infection, it is something which has been purposefully designed to raise a high level of immunity and what we would expect from other experiments that use similar approaches would be that use similar approaches would be that immunity would last for several months if not several years. but exactly how long it will be is a matter that we have to wait and see. asa matter that we have to wait and see. as a follow—up, because the government has decided to extend the period between the first and second dose, where is the scientific
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evidence to support that? the scientific evidence is largely in the research literature, and it is not unusual in fact to have a longer than 2—3 week break between a prime and a booster as they are called, and a booster as they are called, and you don't want it to be too long, andl and you don't want it to be too long, and i think something like six weeks— 12 weeks really should be the maximum break allowed. but there is certainly plenty of research literature that suggests that you can extend the period between the two shots and you will still get fully protective immunity. another question now from charles carter, he says he is a clinically extremely vulnerable person and his wife looks after him 24—7, will his wife get a job as well? i'm not sure whether she will or not and it may depend on how old she is and whether she is in the first priority set of groups, and what sort of practice at your
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local delivery agents will be adopting. i did ask a gp friend of mine and they said that sometimes pragmatically they will give a care of someone who is clinically extremely vulnerable or elderly a shot at the same time but it is a matter am afraid of individual situations. you need to talk to your practice but it is possible she will get the shot. on this one, confusion in some people's minds about the mixing and matching of doses, and karen says that her mother is worried that if her firstjab is pfizer and the second is a different vaccine, candy vaccines be mixed and matched? that vaccine, candy vaccines be mixed and matched ? that has vaccine, candy vaccines be mixed and matched? that has been written about but what is the definitive answer? —— can be vaccines. but what is the definitive answer? -- can be vaccines. the guidance is you should stick with the vaccine you should stick with the vaccine you were first given, unless there are exceptional circumstances, the reason for this is that the clinical
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trials have not been done about mixing and matching. you may be as we get more vaccines available we will have a better understanding but at the present time i think you could rely on the person who gave you your first vaccine to give you the same one the second time. the different vaccines use different technologies, is that the reason why? it is as much the fact that these are new vaccines and the research has not been done, so to be absolutely sure you would need to have studies and i gather there are studies planned and in the pipeline 01’ studies planned and in the pipeline or may have been started already and with scientific understanding, we need that before we can make recommendations to the general public on their vaccine regimes. couple for you, ian jones, public on their vaccine regimes. couple for you, ianjones, this is from tom, his 86 rod mother was expecting to get her second pfizer jab tomorrow but it has been postponed by 12 weeks. we'll be vaccines be less effective and what
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will the protection level b after 12 weeks? —— will the vaccines be less effective. the vaccine should not be any less effective, and there is a slight hesitancy there in the sense that your mother, his mother will only be protected to the level that a single dose can protect for that 12 week period but there is protection in that time. it isjust that it can't be guaranteed to be 100% protection but certainly within a week orten 100% protection but certainly within a week or ten days of the second shot she certainly will have as much protection as the vaccine can afford. in terms of all the data that has come out in recent weeks on these vaccines, where do we stand 110w these vaccines, where do we stand now in terms of the trial that the astrazeneca oxford university programme did with half a dose which seems to have greater power than the full dose? has that been cleared up?
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not entirely but partly, it seems more likely that it was in fact the gap between the doses that we talked about, which led to the better results, and the so—called half dose, because of the way in which the vaccine was rolled out had its second dose a bit later than was expected and it seems that is more likely to be the reason why in fact the protection was higher, so coming back to the first point, the gap between the doses if anything being a bit longer might well be beneficial. a couple of questions for you, just on allergies. graham says, if a person is allergic to penicillin, is the vaccine to take? absolutely safe. it has no antibiotics, they are not a part of anything to do with vaccines and any
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allergy to penicillin will have no effect on the ability of the vaccine to do what it is designed to do. another one for you, iris says she has been told she would be allergic to the pfizer vaccine, will the oxford vaccine be safe? almost certainly yes. the pfizer vaccine has certain chemicals added to it, in order for it to work. it is the way the vaccine has been designed, but the astrazeneca oxford vaccine does not have those chemicals and so if the allergy and the sensitivity she has is to the materials that are in the pfizer, they are simply not in the pfizer, they are simply not in the astrazeneca vaccine and she would be advised to take that. as much as our lives have been com pletely much as our lives have been completely locked down by the pandemic, other life does go on and rachel says, what is the guidance for women trying to conceive? again,
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theissue for women trying to conceive? again, the issue is, we are still in a new situation and a new vic —— vaccine and a new situation so there is no definitive guidance, but in terms of pregnancy, it is advised that you don't take the vaccine unless you are at high risk of getting covid or you have a condition which would be worse if you did not have covid, so there are two conditions where pregnant women, if you are sure you are not pregnant and you are trying to conceive, then presumably you are in the younger age group and the vaccine will come to you late in the summer vaccine will come to you late in the summer by which time we may have some more guidance, because the guidance on pregnancy has changed recently as more evidence has become available. this is another one where we need evidence from studies to make the definitive recommendation but at the moment if you are thinking that you might be pregnant
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or you might get pregnant, it is better to defer having the vaccine until later. does that depend on the fa ct until later. does that depend on the fact that it is the new technology as opposed to the oxford university astrazeneca technology? this is a new condition and we have had discussions all the way through about the impact of covid on pregnancy or about covid and breast—feeding and the guidance they has changed and now it is that you can have the immunisation if you are a breast—feeding mother. this is about us acquiring of the information and understanding better the disease and the process of immunisation and immunity, in pregnancy. it is a safety issue at the moment. a question about the efficacy of the vaccine for those who are immunocompromised. and
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immunocompromised individual is not able to mount the full immune response and so the concern would be that even if they took the vaccine they would not be protected. my advice would be that an immunocompromised person it should nevertheless take the vaccine if it is offered to them but they should bea is offered to them but they should be a follow—up to know whether they have generated the necessary antibodies and in addition to that they should discuss with their gp they should discuss with their gp the possibility of receiving either convalescent plasma or monoclonal antibody therapy which will provide the immunity in the intervening time before they generate their own. thank you both very much. we have had hundreds and hundreds of questions but we have chosen some of the key ones and the key themes to put to you both. to both of you, thanks forjoining us.
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a failed asylum seeker who stabbed three friends to death as they sat together in a park on a summer's day has been sentenced to life in prison. khairi saadallah shouted "allahu akhbar" as he fatally stabbed james furlong, david wails and joseph ritchie—bennett in reading on june 20th last year. 26—year—old saadallah had been released from prison a fortnight earlier. here's our home affairs correspondent daniel sandford. police, emergency. a load of people have been stabbed in forbury gardens. we need police and ambulances. all the ambulances you can get. on the phone to the 999 operator, roger smith had just witnessed a deadly terrorist attack. the speed of it caught on cctv. the attacker, khairi saadallah, was hunted downjust moments later by an armed police. in the park, three
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friends lay dying. history teacherjames furlong, research scientist dr david wails, and pharmaceutical managerjoseph richie—bennett. all were gay, but he doesn't seem to have targeted them for that. he then moved on to another group of men. that image of him charging towards me shouting, "allahu akbar!"... it's something that i have to sometimes consciously shut down in my head. with the bereaved families sitting in silence, mrjustice sweeney said because of the degree of planning and because of the religious motivation and because of the number of people killed, he would sentence saadallah with a whole life order, meaning he will never be released. the families welcomed the sentence but now want some answers. on the facts of this case there are now serious questions that need answering. most notably, how the killer was ever in a position to commit these horrific acts. khairi saadallah was a failed asylum seeker, who'd never been deported.
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originally from libya, he fought in the civil war there as a teenager, before fleeing to britain. here, he was in and out of prison for a string of violent offences, and was briefly brought to the attention of m15 as someone who might travel to syria, but he was discounted as a threat. he came out of prison just two weeks before the attack. he was one of those people who gave me that impression. tony bloomfield, who was in jail with saadallah, told me he was known for hisjihadi views. he said a few times he would love to kill people, "i'm a murderer", people used to laugh at it as a joke, because he was kind of a bit of a clown in prison. the evening before the attack saadallah was visited by police. his brother had called them, concerned about his mental health. they left after he reassured them. saadallah's brother aiman told the bbc his warnings had not been taken seriously enough.
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26 hours later, saadallah left his flat for reading town centre, finding a quiet spot to hide a carving knife in his shorts before heading out to kill as many people as he could. daniel sandford, bbc news. let's return to the united states. democrats in the us house of representatives have introduced articles of impeachment against president trump, after some of his supporters stormed the capitol building in washington on wednesday. they accuse mr trump of "incitement of insurrection". the disorder caused the deaths of five people. the president's term in office will end when joe biden is inaugurated next week.
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brian kalt is a law professor at michigan state university. unprecedented for a present to be impeached twice —— a president to be impeached twice —— a president to be impeached twice. what is fascinating is that you don't need to be a serving president to be impeached, it just prevents you serving president to be impeached, itjust prevents you from ever becoming president again. that is the argument and i'm sure that donald trump's defenders will contest at but there is a lot of president including some english, warren hastings was being impeached after leaving office at the moment our constitution was being written, and they were aware of that, but, yes, disqualification from future office is also a consequence. yes, disqualification from future office is also a consequencem yes, disqualification from future office is also a consequence. it was a two—pronged attack by the democrats, the 25 amendment forjoe biden to take over because the president is no longer fit to be biden to take over because the president is no longerfit to be in charge, that has been rebuffed, but what about the insurrection and the
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incitement to cause interaction? what is the timeframe they're bearing in mind it is a week on friday that we have the inauguration? —— the timeframe there. the house is going to impeach in the next few days and i've heard that because there is no weight the senate will conduct its trial in time to concluded or even started before the 20th, they are going to wait and give joe before the 20th, they are going to wait and givejoe biden a few months to get his agenda through and then maybe have the trial at that point. i've been reading on social media in the last day, president trump is considering rudy giuliani to defend him. they are putting up the first amendment, can you unpick that for us amendment, can you unpick that for us in terms of the defence? they have an argument that the president said some things and you can't impeach someone commit freedom of speech, you can't impeach someone for what they said, but that doesn't
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apply to things like inciting a riot of that is what they think he did, he doesn't have the first amendment right to do that or to falsely shout fire ina right to do that or to falsely shout fire in a crowded theatre or anything like that. with any impeachment, a simple vote in the house in the next few days, and the senate is in recess, though, and it would still have to go to a vote in the senate? yes, and it would require a two thirds majority to conflict in the senate which would mean at least a third of the republicans in the senate agreeing to conflict. professor, thanks for joining us. well, onjanuary 20th, mr biden will be become the 46th president of the united states. he will also become the first president who has suffered from a stammer. it's a condition that's
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believed to affect around 3% of the world's population. felicity baker, who has a stammer herself, reports on what it's like to live with this often hidden disability. hi, my name's shelby, and i'm 11 years old, and i have a stammer. it was obvious from a young age shelby was having problems speaking. he says school was difficult at first, but now his friends have got used to his stammer, although it can still be frustrating. it's sometimes quite annoying when people try to, like, guess what i'm trying to say, because people can, like, interrupt you without not even knowing. this is me when i was 25, trying to say my name. felicity... ..baker. i've had a stammerfor as long as i can remember, along with an estimated 3%
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of the uk population. it's something i've worked hard to deal with throughout my life. ten years later, i now work here at a producer in the bbc news room. i've never spoken about my stammer. most of my colleagues will have no idea. over the years, i've learned various techniques to help me manage it, but i still don't like speaking on the phone, and there are plenty of words i will go out of my way to avoid saying, including my own name. the national deficit is not rising, is rising, it is not... former labour cabinet minister ed balls knows all too well what it's like to have a stammer in a high profile public role. once i became a cabinet member in charge of all the schools in the country, it was very exposing. i stammered, and then behind me i heard a labour voice say really loudly, "he's supposed to be secretary of state and he can't even get his words out." when i was told "you should be public", i said "i can't be public, i can't admit a vulnerability like that, i'm a cabinet minster,
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it's not what people expect." i felt quite worried about that, that it might be seen as weak, a failure. joe biden will be the first president of the us with a stammer, or stutter, as they call it in america. vice—president biden, your response please. my response is look, there isn't about, there's a reason why he's bringing up all this malarky. it's barely noticeable now, but he's spent his whole life learning to control his speech. i learned so much from having to deal with stuttering, it gave me insight into other people's pain. other people's suffering. for children like shelby, joe biden's openness about his stammer is inspiring. it's very encouraging to see people with probably disabilities worse than me, thrive with what they're doing today. felicity baker, bbc news. now it's time for a look
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at the weather with louise lear. good evening. last week's bitter cold has been replaced for the start of this week with something a little milder. quite a lot of cloud around today, as you can see by this weather watcher picture from cambridge, but those temperatures held up for many around eight, nine, ten degrees. and that said, we had some colder air into the far north east. it brought some snow and some rain into scotland, particularly out to the west. now, this weather front here is the dividing line between that colder air pushing across from the north and moving that milder air further south. so, as we go through the night—time, we'll have clearing skies across scotland and northern england. a blanket of cloud and rain sits across england and wales primarily, and here it will stay mild, 8—9 degrees. but with clearer skies, temperatures falling below freezing, icy stretches could be an issue first thing. there could also be a few wintry showers as well, but primarily dry with some sunshine through scotland, northern ireland and northern england. our weather front continues
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to linger across the far south west, but here it will stay rather drab, but on the mild side. 10—11 degrees can't be ruled out. further north, it's a cool afternoon, 11—5 at the very best. now, this contrast with the feel of the weather is set to continue through the middle of the week, and it will turn the weather story a little tricky. because this triangle here is the dividing line between this milder air. we've got this south—westerly flow, and as that continues to bump into the cold air sitting across the eastern half of the uk, on the leading edge, we'll see some sleet and snow. primarily to higher ground, but at this stage, we can't rule out that there could be some sleet and snow at lower levels. it will turn back readily to rain through the middle part of the afternoon as the milder air kicks in, but look how cold it is further north and east. and through the night, those temperatures are set to fall away again, so we could have a wintry mix through wednesday night into the early hours
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of thursday morning. eventually we expect that milder story to take over, but it's certainly worth keeping abreast of the forecast through wednesday and thursday, particularly across the north and east of the country. on the whole, thursday will turn milder and stay on the wet side. by friday, cloudy and cooler once again.
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this is bbc news. what's old is new again. impeachment rears its ugly head on capitol hill. democrats are eager to hold the president to account for last week's riot. republicans say it will only tear the nation further apart. house democrats move to impeach donald trump for insurrection. if passed, he'd have the distinction of being the first american president ever to be impeached twice. chilling new details about last week's riots. they were more organised and more violent than initially thought and they could have been much, much worse. also in the programme.... securing the capital and stabilizing a nation. the head of the us national guard says up to 15,000 troops may be deployed forjoe biden's inauguration.


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