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tv   BBC World News  BBC News  January 15, 2021 1:00am-1:31am GMT

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this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. i'm lewis vaughan jones. the us president—electjoe biden outlines a $1.9 trillion spending package to combat the coronavirus pandemic and its effects on the economy. this our rescue and recovery plan is a path forward with both seriousness of purpose and a clear plan with transparency and accountability. concern about brazil's new coronavirus variant prompts the uk to impose a ban on travellers arriving from south america and portugal. after repeated delays, a world health organization delegation arrives in the chinese city of wuhan to look into the origins of the coronavirus. and from heatwaves to wildfires, scientists from around the world
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agree the last decade was the warmest on record. the us president—electjoe biden has set out his plan to tackle the coronavirus pandemic and revive the economy with a huge stimulus package. he promised a mass vaccination programme and an extension if the unemployment benefits to millions of americans. the total package of $1.9 trillion is to combat what he called the twin crises caused by the coronavirus pandemic and a sinking economy. the president—elect has said the us cannot afford inaction. joe biden says that the country needs a recovery package that doesn't leave anyone behind. we not only have an economic
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imperative to act now, i believe we have a moral obligation. in this pandemic, in america, we cannot let people go hungry. we cannot let people go hungry. we cannot let people be evicted. we cannot let nurses educate is and lose theirjobs when we need them. we must act now and act decisively. my fellow americans, the decisions we make in the next few weeks and months will determine whether we thrive in a way that benefits all americans or whether we stay stuck in a place where those at the top do great and economic growth for almost everyone else is just a spectator sport and where american prospect dim, not brighton. these investments will determine whether we reassert american leadership and outcompete our competitors in the global economy. we are better equipped to do this than
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any nation in the world. the bbc�*s david willis joins us from la. what do you think the important takeaway is from that speech? joe biden in a remarkable speech spoke about the suffering of millions of americans. he said his stimulus plan could lead to 18 million well paying jobs and he said the health of the nation was at stake. and this is a country where more cases, more deaths from the coronavirus than any other in the world and there is no question it is hurting very badly the unemployment figures and figures recently bear that out. this $1.9 trillion stimulus plan would a sickly resuscitate the ailing american economy and ramp up coronavirus testing and vaccination. the measures include increasing
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stimulus payments to $2000 from the current $600, extending unemployment benefits and increasing support for small business and he has also pledged more than $400 billion to tackling the coronavirus via a national vaccination programme, expanded testing and helping schools to reopen safely. mr biden was heavily critical of the trump administration's handling of the coronavirus and said its vaccination programme had been a dismalfailure. let's carry on with that theme there of donald trump. you watched a lot of his speeches around coronavirus over the past year. what do you make of the differences here not only in tone and style but in the substance? it is clear that the biden administration, the incoming administration is very serious about wanting to tackle the coronavirus problem which
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is huge here, as i mentioned. they have been in discussion with state governors, with local officials and there is a view, really, that the trump administration has been somewhat asleep at the wheel as far as this is concerned. mr trump expressed a lot of interest and was quite vocal about the coronavirus at one point but then stopped attending the daily briefings and they more or less fizzled out leaving it all to the vice resident, mike pence. joe biden wants to give the whole thing a shotin wants to give the whole thing a shot in the arm, pardon the pun full and that means a more concerted effort to test people here, to vaccinate them and to basically get the country out of a considerable economic crisis that resulted from the coronavirus pandemic. us vice president mike pence has been visiting the federal emergency management agency for an update on security preparations ahead of the inauguration ofjoe biden.
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president trump has issued an emergency declaration forwashington, running from monday until the ceremony on january 20th. mr pence says the aim is to ensure a smooth transition of power. our aim here, that the american people can be confident and that we will ensure that we have a safe inauguration, that president—electjoe biden and vice president—elect kamala harris are sworn in as the new president and vice president of the united states in a manner consistent with our history and tradition and in a way that gives honour to the american people and to the united states. the emergence of a new coronavirus variant in brazil has led britain to ban all arrivals from south america from friday. travel from portugal and cape verde is also being banned because of their close links with brazil. the country has the second highest death toll from the virus in the world, after the united states,
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but it's not in lockdown. brazil's health minister has warned hospitals are close to collapse in one of the main cities, manaus. katy watson reports. manaus, say experts, is a city on the point of collapse. these images were filmed by members of the public and doctors, and given to us by the doctors union. evidence, they say, of the struggles manaus is going through. hospitals with patients lying next to a body bag. 0thers lying on the floor, waiting for treatment. a curfew has now been declared across the state and there are reports that oxygen is also running out. at the same time, scientists are working around the clock to understand the new variant. some of those mutations in the spike protein are quite similar to those found in uk and also in africa. we do not believe these variants came from england or uk, and in africa. it seems that this variant is evolving separately but showing the same mutations.
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tests will take time to understand the new variant, but experts say that vaccines can always be altered to respond to changes in the virus. but it's a virus that seems to have been forgotten here — its peak summer, the beaches are packed and people are dropping their guard. "everyone�*s relaxed. "nobody cares about it any more," this woman tells me, "so i'm going with the flow. "of course i'm scared," this coconut seller says, "but we have "to continue working. "if we don't work, we don't eat." the traffic is back and so are the commuters. that's been the message from president bolsonaro all along, that brazil can't and shouldn't stop. a message that many people seem to have taken onboard. but in the past few weeks, scientists have been warning of the grave implications if nothing is done, with some even calling
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for a uk—style lockdown. the committee in the united kingdom was able to pressure the prime minister enough so that he would accept lockdown. here we have to basically pressure not the government, because the government is not going to relinquish, i don't believe they are going to accept science because they have never in this ten months. with president bolsonaro still playing down the virus, and sowing unfounded doubts about the safety of vaccines, lockdown doesn't seem likely yet. katie watson, bbc news, in sao paulo. with me is our reporter paul hawkins. a deeply troubling situation there in brazil but that is not there in brazil but that is not the only example of variance. we have the brazil variant and the uk variant and the south africa variant. brazil emerged injuly the
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africa variant. brazil emerged in july the south african africa variant. brazil emerged injuly the south african in october and the uk in september. all three have the mutation in the proteins bike which means that the virus can bind onto human cells more easily stop all three are more transmissible. the difference is with the south african and the brazilian version, the south african variant of there is evidence that it can bypass the body's immune system and that could render vaccines not completely redundant but those that have been developed around the world, it could make them less effective. scientists are still looking into that. they are monitoring the variations that happen within the virus around the world and there are calls for more genomic monitoring, that is monitoring the way the virus replicates and the changes that happen within the rna, the rna within the virus. , , the virus. those virus replicates _ the virus. those virus replicates all - the virus. those virus replicates all the - the virus. those virusl replicates all the time.
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the virus. those virus - replicates all the time. they do. the interesting - replicates all the time. they do. the interesting thing - replicates all the time. tie: do. the interesting thing about coronavirus, there are seven coronavirus, there are seven coronavirus is that cause problems in humans. the thing with the coronavirus is that it is more stable than, say, flu. so there are fewer mutations, it produces an enzyme that monitors the replication each time there is a mistake in the rna. that makes it more stable but it means there are fewer mutations. in that sense it is actually a little easier to monitor full but we are in the middle of a pandemic and millions of people around the world have it so that means there are more opportunities for the virus to mutate. thank ou for for the virus to mutate. thank you for taking _ for the virus to mutate. thank you for taking so _ for the virus to mutate. thank you for taking so clearly - you for taking so clearly through all that. let's get some of the day's other news. france is extending a six o'clock evening curfew across the whole of the country from saturday to fight the spread of coronavirus. the curfew had begun at eight o'clock in most areas, including paris. the prime minister says the measure will last for at least two weeks. from monday, all travellers to france from outside the european union will have to produce a negative
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covid test. the united states has charged 14 leaders of the international criminal gang ms—13 with terrorism offences, as part of an intensified crackdown on the group. in a statement the acting attorney general, jeffrey rosen, said it was the highest—reaching and most sweeping indictment targeting the gang in us history. a huge fire has swept through rohingya refugee camps in southern bangladesh on thursday, destroying more than 550 shelter homes. the un said around 3,500 people were left homeless in nayapara camp but no casualties were reported. more than a million rohingya live in the mainland camps in southern bangladesh, the vast majority having fled myanmar in 2017 after a military—led crackdown in rakhine state. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: an original painting of tintin — by his belgian creator herge — sells for a record amount
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at an online auction in paris. day one of operation desert storm to force the iraqis out of kuwait has seen the most intense air attacks since the second world war. tobacco is america's oldest industry and it's one of its biggest. but the industry is nervous of this report, this may tend to make people want to stop smoking cigarettes. there is not a street that is unaffected. huge part of kobe were simply demolished as buildings crashed into one another. this woman says she had been given no help and no advice by the authorities. she stood outside the ruins of her business. tens of thousands of black. children in south africa have taken advantage of laws passed by the country'sl new multiracial government. and enrolled at formerly white schools. tonight sees the 9,610th performance of her long—running play, the mousetrap. when they heard of her death today, the management
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considered whether to cancel tonight's performance, but agatha christie would have been the last person to want such a thing. this is bbc news, the latest headlines: the us president—electjoe biden has outlined a $1.9 trillion spending package to combat the coronavirus pandemic and its effects on the economy. concern about brazil's new coronavirus variant prompts the uk to impose a ban on travellers arriving from south america and portugal. so what effect, if any, will this funding package outlined by the president—elect have on the world economy. well let's cross to washington now and speak to mark weisbrot, at the centre for economic
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and policy research, he's written extensively on the pandemic and the need for a stimulus plan. thank you for coming on the programme? —— thank you for coming on the programme. so we havejust heard from joe biden and what heard from joe biden and what he plans to do, what do you make of it? i he plans to do, what do you make of it?— he plans to do, what do you make of it? i think it is good. in terms _ make of it? i think it is good. in terms of— make of it? i think it is good. in terms of the _ make of it? i think it is good. in terms of the world, - make of it? i think it is good. in terms of the world, there l make of it? i think it is good. | in terms of the world, there is this put forth by the international monetary fund backin international monetary fund back in march and it was something that almost all countries or 189 countries agreed upon and it was brought by treasury, that it would make a huge difference for the world and wouldn't cost the us government or any covenant, actually, anything, it uses its own internal right called the special drawing rights which can be exchanged from our currency like pounds or dollars. was something that was
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donein dollars. was something that was done in the 2009 world recession, they created hundreds of billions of dollars worth of this and it really made a difference and now they want to do more and i think president biden will actually do this because the democratic leadership has already passed it twice in the house of representatives and they have the same bill in the senate, and it was really only the treasury department and not only congress here but also at the imf where the united states has a veto and was able to veto almost what the whole rest of the world wanted.— almost what the whole rest of the world wanted. when mr biden becomes president _ the world wanted. when mr biden becomes president on _ the world wanted. when mr biden | becomes president on wednesday, this is a start of a new chapter, he says, do you believe that?— chapter, he says, do you believe that? usually a new chapter. — believe that? usually a new chapter. not _ believe that? usually a new chapter, not only _ believe that? usually a new chapter, not only for - believe that? usually a new chapter, not only for the i chapter, not only for the united states but also for the world. in the case of this
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particular measure which is literally trillions of dollars at the international monetary fund. but here as well, he proposed a serious plan for recovery and for getting red of covid here. recovery and for getting red of covid here-— covid here. great to have your thoughts. _ covid here. great to have your thoughts, thank _ covid here. great to have your thoughts, thank you _ covid here. great to have your thoughts, thank you very - covid here. great to have your| thoughts, thank you very much were coming on the programme, were coming on the programme, we appreciate it. after repeated delays, scientists investigating the origins of the coronavirus have finally landed in the city of wuhan, where it was first detected more than a year ago. two members of the world health organization mission were found to have contracted covid on the way there, and had to stay in singapore. the rest of the group will spend two—weeks in quarantine in a hotel. 0ur correspondent robin brant says there've been months of negotiations, raising suspicions that china may not be fully co—operating. the chinese authorities have resisted because they don't think this is necessary.
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china doesn't want to look back and focus on mistakes made, it wants to look forward as what it sees as success in containing this virus. it sees the potential for more of a blame game led by a group of foreigners and the chinese government has its official verdict on what happened, that paper was published in the middle of last year and the verdict there was success in winning the war against this virus. nonetheless, there has been intense global pressure of course, to address where this virus came from, and to answer that question about how it got into the human chain, because to make sure that there won't be a further fire, so to speak, going forward. so the team are here, they are going to be heavily reliant on their chinese hosts for access to public places like that market, a couple of miles over the river there in wuhan where we saw
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those first significant clusters a year ago — heavily reliant on chinese counterparts for access to research that has been carried out over the last year, the man leading the investigation says he comes here with an open mind, no theories are off the table, but at the same time, we have a well established propaganda up and running, questioning whether the whole thing began in wuhan, that is designed to undermine the very reason that the team are here in the first place. thank you. around the world, countries are racing to vaccinate as many people as possible against covid—19. in turkey, president erdogan received his vaccination live he was given a vaccine developed by china, and some experts say it's less effective than previously thought. 0rla guerin has more from istanbul. coming through, precious cargo. climate controlled. these are vials not from western manufacturers but from china. turkey has agreed to buy 50 million doses, butjust before
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the rollout here, clinical trials in brazil found the rollout here, clinical trials in brazilfound this vaccine to be only 50.4% effect. 0ne vaccine to be only 50.4% effect. one of the first in line to get the jab, the head of a major hospital. even he is allowed to wince. i asked the dock if he was concerned about the data from brazil. no, he said, clinicaltrials the data from brazil. no, he said, clinical trials in our country are transparent, based on scientific research and statistically correct. we found this vaccine to be more than 90% effect. —— effective. there is another vaccination about to happen now. in this room alone, there are six people being vaccinated every hour. that is one every ten minutes, and there are 50 rooms like this in this hospital alone. the teams he will be working until midnight tonight. now that vaccine is here, they don't
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want to lose a minute stop covid has killed over 23,000 people in turkey. doctors say the vaccine is now their best weapon, but there are fears that some here won't be willing to get it stop do you think people are convinced that the vaccine won't work because there has been some doubt about this particular vaccine from china? ., , ., �* , china? you stop i don't trust the chinese _ china? you stop i don't trust the chinese vaccine. - china? you stop i don't trust the chinese vaccine. yeah, l china? you stop i don't trust i the chinese vaccine. yeah, that has been around turkey since the vaccine was introduced. but as far as i know, people will get used to it and in the end they will do it, yeah.- they will do it, yeah. staff here want _ they will do it, yeah. staff here want the _ they will do it, yeah. staff here want the vaccine - they will do it, yeah. staff here want the vaccine to l they will do it, yeah. staff. here want the vaccine to be catching, in a long, brutal battle against covid—19, they say this is hope for them and for turkey.
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scientists from five key agencies around the world have confirmed that 2020 was one of the hottest years ever, bringing to a close the warmest decade yet recorded. here's our science editor david shukman. a desperate rescue in indonesia after torrential rain triggered landslides earlier this week. scientists say even heavier downpours are likely in future as the world gets warmer. wow! in some countries hotter, drier conditions are on the cards. the wildfires that struck in australia last year are nothing new in themselves, but the more human activity releases the gases heating the atmosphere, the greater the risks of more violent conditions. and although the pandemic lockdowns have reduced traffic, they haven't made much difference to the carbon dioxide that keeps being added to the air. year on year, we're increasing the amount of carbon
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dioxide in the atmosphere, and notwithstanding the pandemic we still increased the carbon dioxide levels by over two parts per million last year. as long as that continues to happen, we are putting our foot on the accelerator of climate warming. over the past 170 years, the average global temperature has been monitored by teams in britain, america and other countries, and although it has varied year by year, the recent trend has been really dramatic as the planet has heated up. the result, the most recent decade was the hottest on record, and we're also getting closer to an increase of1.5 degrees — an internationally agreed limit that scientists say would be dangerous to cross. the risk is more extremes the world over. this village in the vale of glamorgan was flooded over christmas after the heaviest rainfall there for 70 years.
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and, as temperatures rise, heatwaves will become more common, like the one in the uk last summer. the met office says the latest records are part of a pattern. 2020, we are seeing temperatures that are, yet again, giving us one of the warmest years on record, despite some factors such as conditions in the tropical pacific that in 2020 would have normally suppressed temperatures. so, will anything be done? well, joe biden has promised that america will lead a big push to tackle climate change, and china, for the first time, has committed to going carbon neutral. negotiations are due in glasgow later this year. there's a lot at stake. david shukman, bbc news. an original painting of tintin, by his belgian creator herge, has sold for a record amount at an online auction in paris.
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are probably worth around of applause. once you add on fees — it fetched $3.8 million. the painting, which shows tintin and his dog snowy hiding from a red dragon in a large porcelainjar, was given as a gift to the son of herge's editor. just before i go, quick reminder of our top story. if you are with us earlier on, use saw this in delaware in the united states, president—elect joe biden giving a crucial speech, not only on the coronavirus pandemic but on the economic impact of what he is setting out to do about it stop stimulus package of 1.9 trillion dollars. he says we have to act and we have to act now, and he said he cannot afford in action, he will increase the rollout of vaccines as well as the economic stimulus package. plenty more on that but that does make it from me at the moment, get me online, social
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media. you can reach me on twitter — i'm @ lvaughanjones hello. the rain and snow that fell across many parts of the uk during thursday has been petering out. temperatures have been dropping away. surfaces are really wet out there. so with those wet surfaces and cold conditions, ice could be a big problem on friday morning. fog patches as well. here's the frontal system that brought the rain and snow during thursday. but it has been squeezed out by high pressure. the winds have been falling light. that's allowed temperatures to drop. we've got fog patches out there, quite widely scattered actually across the country. and some ice especially for scotland, northern england, the midlands into east anglia and the southeast. so if you do have to make an essentialjourney it could be some pretty poor travelling conditions.
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through the day most spots will see some sunshine. it is a drier day overall. the odd shower for kent, the odd shower for shetland and a few places across scotland, north—east england, the midlands will hold onto fog all day long. if that happens you'll be pegged back to just one or two degrees. even in sunshine it will be a chilly feeling day. and during friday night, into saturday, rain will push in from the west. i say rain as it bumps into cold air we could still see a spell of snow. especially on the high ground in scotland in northern england. but even to lower levels there could temporarily be a spell of sleet or snow. even as far south as east anglia and the southeast through the first part of saturday morning. as this frontal system works its way eastward. we will see some milder air working its way in so any snow will be quite a transient feature. certainly at low levels. it will turn back to rain. even the rain will tend to clear away through the day with sunny skies and just a scattering of showers behind. those temperatures climbing particularly in western areas. nine degrees in liverpool, belfast, ten in cardiff
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as we head out of saturday into sunday, that frontal system moves away. high pressure tries to build in towards the south. that's where we'll see the driest weather on sunday. lower pressure to the north so here we have a greater chance of seeing showers and rain, maybe some hill snow across parts of northern ireland. particularly scotland. further south for england and wales, we'll see largely fine conditions. cloud and sunny spells and temperatures for the most part between six and nine degrees. into next week, things look pretty changeable. there'll be rain at times but not all the time. it will turn a bit milderfor a while. but how long that will last? we will have to wait and see.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: the us president—elect joe biden is outlining a $1.9 trillion spending package to combat the coronavirus pandemic and its effects on the economy. speaking in delaware, described his proposals as a two step plan of "rescue and recovery." concern about brazil's new coronavirus variant has prompted the uk to impose a ban on travellers arriving from south america and portugal. the health system in the brazilian city of manaus is said to be close to collapse. scientists are still in the early stages of studying the variant, which may be more transmissible. the leader of a who mission investigating the origins of coronavirus says his team is embarking on a long journey. they've finally arrived in wuhan, where the pandemic began thirteen months ago, after repeated delays which have raised suspicions that china is not fully cooperating with international health authorities.


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