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tv   BBC News  BBC News  January 15, 2021 4:00am-4:31am GMT

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this is bbc news. our top stories: the us president—electjoe biden outlines a $1.9 trillion spending package to combat the coronavirus pandemic and its effects on the economy. our rescue and recovery plan is a path forward with both seriousness of purpose and a clear plan with transparency and accountability. concern about brazil's new coronavirus variant prompts the uk to impose a ban on travellers arriving from south america and portugal. north korea unveils a new submarine—launched ballistic missile at a military parade in pyongyang, describing it as "the world's most powerful weapon". as us troops prepare
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to withdraw from afghanistan, there are fears that the humanitarian crisis in the country could be getting worse. hello. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america the us president—electjoe biden has set out his plan to tackle the coronavirus pandemic and revive the country's economy with a huge stimulus package. in a speech in delaware, he promised a mass vaccination programme and an extension of unemployment benefits to millions of americans. it's a spending package totalling $1.9 trillion. mr biden said the us cannot afford inaction and the country needs a recovery plan that doesn't leave anyone behind. we not only have an economic imperative to act now. i believe we have a moral obligation.
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in this pandemic, in america, we cannot let people go hungry, we cannot let people be evicted, we cannot let nurses and educators lose theirjobs when we need them. we must act now and act decisively. my fellow americans, the decisions we make in the next few weeks and months will determine whether we thrive in a way that benefits all americans, or whether we stay stuck in a place where those at the top do great and economic growth for almost everyone else is just a spectator sport, and where american prospects dim, not brighten. these investments will determine whether we reassert american leadership and outcompete our competitors in the global economy. we are better equipped to do this than any nation in the world. our north america correspondent david willis has more on the stimulus package
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announced by the us president—elect. joe biden, in a remarkable speech, spoke about the suffering of millions of americans. he said his stimulus plan could lead to 18 million well—paying jobs and he said the health of the nation was at stake. and this is a country with more cases, more deaths from the coronavirus than any other in the world and there is no question it is hurting very badly — the unemployment figures recently bear that out. and mr biden�*s $1.9 trillion stimulus plan would basically resuscitate the ailing american economy and ramp up coronavirus testing and vaccination. now, the measures include increasing stimulus payments to $2000 from the current $600, extending unemployment benefits and increasing support for small business, and he has
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also pledged more than $400 billion to tackling the coronavirus via a national vaccination programme, expanded testing and helping schools to reopen safely. mr biden was heavily critical of the trump administration's handling of the coronavirus and said its vaccination programme had been a dismalfailure. let's carry on with that theme there of donald trump. you watched a lot of his speeches around coronavirus over the past year. what do you make of the differences here not only in tone and style, but in the substance? it is very clear that the biden administration, the incoming administration, is very serious about wanting to tackle the coronavirus problem which is huge here, as i mentioned. they have been in discussion with state governors, with local officials
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and there is a view, really, that the trump administration has been somewhat asleep at the wheel, as far as this is concerned. mr trump, of course, expressed a lot of interest and was quite vocal about the coronavirus at one point, but then stopped attending the daily briefings and, indeed, they more or less fizzled out, leaving it all to the vice president mike pence. joe biden clearly wants to — parden the pun — give the whole thing a shot in the arm and that means a more concerted effort to test people here, to vaccinate them, and to basically get the country out of a considerable economic crisis that resulted from the coronavirus pandemic. 0ur our thanks to david. the emergence of a new coronavirus variant in brazil has led britain to ban all arrivals from south america from friday. travel from portugal and cape verde is also being banned because of their close links with brazil. the country has the second highest death toll from the virus in the world after the united states,
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but it's not in lockdown. brazil's health minister has warned hospitals are close to collapse in one of the main cities, manaus. katy watson reports. manaus, say experts, is a city on the point of collapse. these images were filmed by members of the public and doctors, and given to us by the doctors�* union — evidence, they say, of the struggles manaus is going through. hospitals with patients lying next to a body bag. 0thers lying on the floor, waiting for treatment. a curfew has now been declared across the state and there are reports that oxygen is also running out. at the same time, scientists are working around the clock to understand the new variant. some of those mutations in the spike protein are quite similar to those found in uk and also in africa. we do not believe that these
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variants came from england or uk and in africa — it seems that this variant is evolving separately, but showing the same mutations. tests will take time to understand the new variant but experts say that vaccines can always be altered to respond to changes in the virus. but it's a virus that seems to have been forgotten here — it's peak summer, the beaches are packed, and people are dropping their guard. "everyone�*s relaxed. "nobody cares about it any more," this woman tells me, "so i'm going with the flow. "of course i'm scared," this coconut seller says, "but we have to continue working. if we don't work, we don't eat." the traffic is back, and so are the commuters. that's been the message from president bolsonaro all along, that brazil can't and shouldn't stop — a message that many people seem to have taken on board. but in the past few weeks, scientists have been warning of the grave implications if nothing is done, with some even calling for
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a uk—style lockdown. the scientific committee in the united kingdom was able to pressure the prime minister enough so that he would accept the lockdown. here, we have to basically pressure not the government, because the government is not going to relinquish, i don't believe they are going to accept science because they have never in this ten months. jair bolsonaro. cheering and applause. with president bolsonaro still playing down the virus and sowing unfounded doubts about the safety of vaccines, lockdown doesn't seem likely yet. katy watson, bbc news, in sao paulo. let's get some of the day's other news. france is extending a 6 o'clock evening curfew across the whole of the country from saturday to fight the spread of coronavirus. the curfew had begun at 8 o'clock in most areas, including paris. the prime minister says the measure will last for at least two weeks. from monday, all travellers to france from outside the european union will have to produce a negative covid test.
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the united states has charged 1a leaders of the international criminal gang ms—13 with terrorism offences as part of an intensified crackdown on the group. in a statement, the acting attorney generaljeffrey rosen said it was the highest—reaching and most sweeping indictment targeting the gang in us history. a huge fire has swept through rohingya refugee camps in southern bangladesh, destroying more than the un said around 3,500 people were left homeless in nayapara camp on thursday, but no casualties were reported. more than a million rohingya live in the mainland camps in southern bangladesh, the vast majority having fled myanmar in 2017 after a military—led crackdown in rakhine state. north korea has unveiled a new submarine—launched ballistic missile at a military parade in pyongyang. state media described it as "the world's most powerful w e apon"
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the north korean leader kim jong—un watched the display as aircraft flew overhead. 0ur seoul correspondent, laura bickerjoins me now. laura, good to see you. do we know about this missile? help? know about this missile? new ear and know about this missile? new year and new _ know about this missile? new year and new missiles - know about this missile? ii? year and new missiles for north korea. this parade came at the end of a rare party conference, first that has been held in five it has gone on for a days. we knew the parade was on the way and we could see it are some of the rehearsals indeed from satellite images and indeedin from satellite images and indeed in the last 2a hours north korea has held this parade and showing off new military hardware. what do we know? 0nly military hardware. what do we know? only from this still images over and speaking to analysts, they are saying not only do they have new submarine launched listing missiles, they appear to have new short—range ballistic missiles and why is this important? it appears the technology is changing, the kind of fuel that north korea is using is changing and that could mean if they have these
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solid propelled ballistic missiles, that means the solid fuel makes it easier to deploy, quicker to fire, if necessary. it also shows, more importantly, that north korea is capable, even in these bleak economic circumstances that it is in, and in defiance of strict international sanctions, it is capable of continuing to develop a nuclear arsenal and during the last week kim jong—un has made it clear and indeed has vowed to continue building up his nuclear capabilities.— building up his nuclear capabilities. building up his nuclear ca abilities. , ., ., capabilities. given that val, laura, i want _ capabilities. given that val, laura, i want to _ capabilities. given that val, laura, i want to take - capabilities. given that val, laura, i want to take you i capabilities. given that val, i laura, i want to take you back to the secretary of state mike pompeo who has been tweeting out a list of foreign—policy achievements in his eyes —— given that vow. 0ne achievements in his eyes —— given that vow. one of those was about the successes, as he claimed, with relation to north korea. it certainly raised some eyebrows in diplomatic circles so how did that go down where you are? so how did that go down where ou are? , ., , you are? lewis, we have been watching _ you are? lewis, we have been watching this _ you are? lewis, we have been watching this in _ you are? lewis, we have been watching this in the _ you are? lewis, we have been watching this in the korean . watching this in the korean peninsula and certainly when it comes to seoul point of view,
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the administration here has heralded a donald trump meeting with kimjong—un heralded a donald trump meeting with kim jong—un as a success in the way this this kind of face—to—face diplomacy, the idea of bringing north korea out and engaging with north korea but in terms of limiting country's nuclear capabilities, it has not done that. there been no major agreement that north korea has signed up to. sanctions have not worked. maximum pressure has not worked. sojoe biden, as he becomes the new us president next week, has this same old problem of north korea, a decades—old problem that remains to be solved, and analyst believe is north korea developed this capability, it is going to be more difficult for kimjong—un is going to be more difficult for kim jong—un to relinquish his weapons, to persuade him to give that up. i think it is going to be very difficult when it comes to the biden administration to come up with new ideas and new policies but thatis new ideas and new policies but that is the challenge.—
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that is the challenge. great to see ou, that is the challenge. great to see you, thank _ that is the challenge. great to see you, thank you, _ that is the challenge. great to see you, thank you, laura. i stay with us on bbc news. still to come: an original painting of tintin by his belgian creator herge sells for a record amount at an online auction in paris. day one of operation desert storm to force the iraqis out of kuwait has seen the most intense air attacks since the second world war. tobacco is america's oldest industry, and it's one of its biggest, but the industry is nervous of this report. this may tend to make people want to stop smoking cigarettes. there is not a street that is unaffected. huge part of kobe were simply demolished as buildings crashed into one another. this woman says she had been given no help and no advice by the authorities. she stood outside the ruins of her business. tens of thousands of black. children in south africa have taken advantage of laws passed by the country'sl new multiracial government. and enrolled at formerly white schools.
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tonight sees the 9,610th performance of her long—running play the mousetrap. when they heard of her death today, the management considered whether to cancel tonight's performance, but agatha christie would have been the last person to want such a thing. this is bbc world news. the latest headlines: the us president—elect joe biden has outlined a $1.9 trillion spending package to combat the coronavirus pandemic and its effects on the economy. concern about brazil's new coronavirus variant prompts the uk to impose a ban on travellers arriving from south america and portugal. the us vice president, mike pence, has said he will ensure a safe inauguration of the new administration next week, as security is ramped up across the nation. his remarks followed a briefing with the fbi director. president trump has issued
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an emergency declaration forwashington, running from monday until the ceremony on january 20th. mr pence says they will ensure a smooth transition of power. our aim here, that the american people can be confident and that we will ensure that we have a safe inauguration, that president—electjoe biden and vice president—elect kamala harris are sworn in as the new president and vice president of the united states in a manner consistent with our history and tradition, and in a way that gives honour to the american people and to the united states. janet napoletano is a former secretary of homeland security in president 0bama's administration, now at the university of california, in berkeley. she told me what sort of planning goes into an inauguration. so presidential inaugurations are what are called national special security events. there's always heightened security, but due to the events of last week, i think we have heightened security on steroids.
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a very large national guard presence, the access to the capitol mall has been shut down. there's an early declaration of emergency and i am sure behind the scenes law enforcement is monitoring and surveilling the traffic on social media and on some of these bespoke social media sites. and what do you make of the fact that it's the vice president, mike pence, seemingly taking the lead here? well, the vice president took the lead last week when the insurgents attacked the capitol. the president had incited the insurgents, for heaven's sake, and it was the vice president who called out the national guard last week and it's the vice president who will attend the inaugural. president trump has said that he will be nowhere to be seen and we assume he's going back to florida. so, ithink, hearing
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from the vice president in this circumstance is to be expected. ok, that's interesting. what, if you were still in post, would be the kind of information and intelligence that you would be looking at now, given what happened in the capitol last week? yeah, i'd be paying special attention to social media traffic. i'd be paying attention to air travel into the capitol region. i'd be paying attention to hotel reservations and who was coming in. airbnb has cancelled their openness next week in the capitol region but i would be paying attention to who's coming and staying in hotels. and i would make sure that we had a good plan in place for the day preceding the inaugural, the day of the inaugural and
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the day after the inaugural, and a plan a, a plan b, and plan c. around the world, countries are racing to vaccinate as many people as possible against covid—19. in turkey, president erdogan received his vaccination live on state tv. he was given a vaccine developed by china, and some experts say it's less effective than previously thought. 0rla guerin has more from istanbul. coming through, precious cargo, climate—controlled. these vials not from western manufacturers, but from sinovac in china. turkey has agreed to buy 50 million doses. butjust before the roll—out here, clinical trials in brazil found this vaccine to be only 50.4% effective. one of the first in line to get the jab, the head
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of a major hospital. even he's allowed to wince. i asked dr mehmet emin kalkan if he was concerned about the data from brazil. speaks turkish. "no", he said, "clinicaltrials in our country are transparent, based on scientific research and statistically correct. we found this vaccine to be more than 90% effective". happen here now. in this room alone, there are six people being vaccinated every hour — that's one every ten minutes — and there are 50 rooms like this in this hospital alone. the teams here will be working until midnight tonight. now that a vaccine is here, they don't want to lose a minute. covid has killed more than 23,000 people in turkey. doctors say the vaccine is now their best weapon,
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but there are fears that some here won't be willing to get it. do you think people are convinced that the vaccine will work, because there has been some doubt about this particular vaccine from china? yeah, they don't trust in the chinese vaccine, yeah — that has been around turkey since the vaccine was introduced. but as far as i know, people will get used to it and in the end, they will do it, yeah. staff here want the vaccine to be catching. in their long, brutal battle against covid—19, they say this is a day of hope for them and for turkey. 0rla guerin, bbc news, istanbul. nearly two decades after us troops arrived in afghanistan, its military presence is now being dramatically scaled back.
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by friday, another 2500 american personnel are due to leave. 0ur correspondent yogita limaye has sent this report from kabul afg hanistan�*s only hospital for children. every day, 1,000 new patients. more and more children who could be saved are dying here. the americans are leaving, as war has brought humanitarian disaster to this country. this year, half of all afghan children are facing malnutrition. many won't make it to the age of five. subhan is two years old. till last year, he could walk. his mother farishta told me there are days they have no food at all. she has to borrowjust to eat.
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she said she gets very sad when her children ask her for food and she can't give them any. in the next bed is a three—year—old girl. her mother told us she wasn't sure she would survive. six times more people need life—saving support now than just four years ago. dr muhammad qureshi, the director of the hospital, says if it wasn't for the war, afghans would have been able to pull themselves out of poverty. translation: my message for the world, in particular l to the big countries, is to help afghanistan end the war. so is this the right time for us soldiers to be leaving, i asked the vice—president? we believe the mission is not accomplished. taliban have not separated
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themselves from al-qaeda, but i am telling them as a friend, and as an ally, that trusting the taliban without putting a verification mechanism is going to be a fatal mistake. how worried do you think global powers should be about the threat of al-qaeda? very deeply. they can put any title on their withdrawal and exit, but there is also a title that the terror groups will put on their withdrawal — defeat. surrender and escape. and that by itself will boost terror groups in the entire world. a threat for the west, but a reality afghans live with now. we've come to meet the family of the civilian who was recently killed. "my murdered sons name was navruz.
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"he was my only son," says zainab nuri. "everyone grieved for him. "they told me your son was a good man. "we don't have any life now. "look, we are living here in this room without anything. "0nly his children are left behind." this has been america's longest war, but perhaps an unfinished one. for the us, and for afghanistan. yogita limaye, bbc news, kabul. an original painting of tintin — by his belgian creator herge — has sold for a record amount at an online auction in paris.
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it is classic herge. the clean lines, the vivid colours. tintin and snowy coming face to face with danger. 0riginally intended for the front cover of his adventure the blue lotus, it was deemed too expensive to reproduce. so instead, herge gave it as a gift to the seven—year—old son of his publisher. translation: it has always| remained in the same hands. he folded it and stored it in a drawer to protect it. i asked him whether he wanted to sell it. he said "no, i care about it very much! it is a gift from herge!" and in the end, he kept it until his death. you could still see the creases as it went up for auction in paris. speaks french. add on commission and the anonymous buyer forked out the best of $4 million — a new record for comic book art. not bad for a plucky boy reporter and his best friend. tim allman, bbc news.
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you can reach me on twitter — i'm @lvaughanjones. the rain and snow that fell across many parts of the uk during thursday has been petering out. temperatures have been dropping away. surfaces are really wet out there. so with those wet surfaces and some cold conditions, ice could be a big problem on friday morning — fog patches as well. here's the frontal system that brought the rain and snow during thursday, but it has been squeezed out by high pressure. the winds have been falling light — that's allowed temperatures to drop. we've got some fog patches out there, quite widely scattered, actually, across the country, and some ice — especially for scotland, northern england, the midlands into east anglia and the south east — so if you do have to make an essentialjourney, it could be some pretty poor travelling conditions. through the day, most spots
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will see some sunshine. it is a drier day overall. the odd shower for kent, the odd shower for shetland and a few places across scotland, north east england, the midlands will hold onto fog all day long. if that happens, you'll be pegged back to just one or two degrees. even in sunshine, it will be a chilly—feeling day. and then during friday night into saturday, rain will push in from the west. i say "rain" — as it bumps into cold air, we could well still see a spell of snow, especially over high ground in scotland in northern england, but even to lower levels, there could temporarily be a spell of sleet or snow, even as far south as east anglia and the south east through the first part of saturday morning as this frontal system works its way eastwards. but we will see some milder air working its way in, so any snow will be quite a transient feature, certainly at low levels it'll turn back to rain. and then even the rain will tend to clear away through the day with sunnier skies and just a scattering of showers following on behind. those temperatures climbing, particularly in western areas — nine degrees in liverpool, belfast, ten in cardiff and in plymouth. now, as we head out of saturday into sunday, that frontal system moves away. high pressure tries to build in towards the south — that's where we'll see
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the driest weather on sunday. lower pressure to the north, so here we have a greater chance of seeing some showery rain, maybe some hill snow across parts of northern ireland, particularly scotland. whereas further south for england and wales, you can see largely fine conditions. patchy cloud and sunny spells, and temperatures for the most part between six and nine degrees. into next week, things look pretty changeable. there'll be some rain at times, but not all the time. it will turn a little bit milderfor a while. but how long that will last, we'll have to wait and see.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: the us president—elect joe biden has outlined a $1.9 trillion spending package to combat the coronavirus pandemic and its effects on the economy. speaking in delaware, he described his proposals as a two step plan of "rescue and recovery". concern about brazil's new coronavirus variant has prompted the uk to impose a ban on travellers arriving from south america and portugal. the health system in the brazilian city of manaus is said to be close to collapse. scientists are still in the early stages of studying the variant, which may be more transmissible. north korea has unveiled a new submarine—launched ballistic missile at a military parade in pyongyang. state media described it as "the world's most powerful w e apon" the north korean leader kim jong—un watched the display of armoured vehicles and other hardware as aircraft flew overhead.
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now on bbc news, hardtalk.


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